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Build a deck deck


									     MItrePlAn PrOJeCt PlAnner

                                       Build a deck

• An easy-to-follow guide to achieving a perfect result.
• Outlines all the tools you will need for the job.
• Includes a materials checklist.

Before starting this project or buying any materials, it is worth your time to
read all steps thoroughly first to be sure you understand what is required.
Mitre 10 is proudly Australian owned.                                  
                                ✓ MIGhTY hELPfuL ChECkLIST                                       Building a deck
                                                                                                MIGhTY hELPfuL
                                                                                                hINTS TO MAkE
                                                                                                                                                     Build a deck
                                                                                                                                                  Step 1: Choosing and preparing your site
                                                                                                                                                  When choosing the site for your deck, note the position of the
                                                                                                 is easy – with a                                 existing features of both your house and garden. Pay special
                                Timber                                                          ThE jOb EASIER
                                                                                                  little help from
                                                                                                                                                  attention to the location of drains and any external plumbing,
                                Your Mitre 10 specialist will be pleased to help you                                                              because once your deck has been built, it will be hard to
                                                                                                ■ Building a deck will be
                                with the correct timber selection but if you stick to
                                this guide you won’t go wrong.
                                                                                                  Mitre 10.
                                                                                                easier if you prepare all the
                                                                                                tools and materials first.
                                                                                                                                                  access the area under it.
                                                                                                                                                  Take ground preparation and drainage into account by laying
                                                                                                                                                  some Agi Pipe or Nylex Strip Drain before you start building to
                                                                                    ORDER           Be sure to take deck is
                                                                                                ■ A well-designeddrainage a relatively            avoid any surface water lying about underneath. Just follow the
                                    Stumps: Cypress or treated pine                             of the site into consideration
                                                                                                   easy way to increase family living space       maker’s instructions. Then rake the ground clear. It might be a
                                                                                                before you build. Once your                       good idea to add Weed Control Mat at this stage, too.
                                    100 x 100mm                                                    around your home. be
                                                                                                deck is up, access willIt’s like adding on an
                                    Sole plates: 200 x 200 x 50mm redgum                           outdoor room that can be a perfect link
                                                                                                   for relaxed indoor/outdoor living. And it        Step 2: Mark out your site
                                    or treated pine                                             ■ Lay Weed Control Mat                              Accuracy at this
                                                                                                   will also add value to weedhome. If you
                                                                                                over the area to prevent
                                    bearers: 2/90 x 45mm F.7. treated pine                         wish, underneath. cover your deck by
                                                                                                growth    you can even                              stage can save a
                                                                                                                                                    lot of hassles later
                                    or 100 x 100mm treated radiata pine                            adding a pergola as you build it.
                                                                                                                                                    on so take your
                                                                                                ■ Measuring is easy, materials
                                    joists: 90 x 45mm or                                        expensive. Double largelyall matter of
                                                                                                   While design is check a                          time and don’t
                                                                                                measurements and markings                           rush.
                                    140 x 45mm F.7. treated pine                                   personal taste, the deck you choose will                                  fig. 1
                                                                                                   depend cut any factors
                                                                                                before youon such piece ofas the shape              Mark out the width
                                    Decking: Treated radiata pine, merbau or                    material.                                           and length of the
                                                                                                   of your land and its relationship to your
                                    whatever is currently in stock at Mitre 10                  ■ home. Decks caneven edge classified
                                                                                                    To get a straight, be broadly                   deck where it will
                                                                                                                                                    join the project planner has been produced to provide
                                                                                                                                       IMPORTANT: Thishouse.
                                    Sizes: 70 x 19mm, 70 x 22mm, 90 x 19mm,                         your finished decking,
                                                                                                to into three main types:let           basic information and our experienced staff are available to answer any
                                                                                                the ends overhang about                             Then, using any scrap timber, build corner provided for use
                                                                                                                                       questions you may have. However, this information is hurdles and drive
                                    90 x 22mm, 140 x 19mm, 140 x 22mm                           50mm, then trim them alltake advantagethe understanding the ground, outside the designatedloss ortwo at each
                                                                                                   hillside decks, which               on of        them into that Mitre 10 is not liable for any area, damage
                                    fixings                                                        uneven or a saw blocks.
                                                                                                together withslopingwhen the                        corner (Fig. 1). Fix (including hurdle limited to indirect or
                                                                                                                                       which is suffered or incurred nails in the but nottop pieces and stretch a
                                                                                                job is completed.                                   string line any personal injury or box in the property suffered
                                                                                                                                       consequential loss), foraround them to form adamage to plan’s dimensions
                                    50mm x 2.80mm TitaDeck®                                        Low-level decks, that extend out at floor         as a result of 1 and 1 information contained the distance
                                                                                                                                       or sustained(Fig. 1). Linesusing the should be parallel andin this MitrePlan
Measuring tape                                                                                  ■ Remember, when using
                                    galvanised decking nails                                                                           Project      between 10 equal, you to call in a qualified tradesperson,
                                                                                                   level on flat land, adding spaciousness Planner. Mitrethemadvises as should lines 2 and 2. Measure between
                                                                                                any power tool, your eyes
Pencil                                                                                                                                               electrician or plumber, where with tape measure to ensure
                                                                                                   to a always be protected area. such as an the diagonally opposite cornersexperta services are required,
                                                                                                should family room or living by
                                    75mm x 3.75mm galvanised                                                                                        that lines assess are the same length. You may need adjust
                                                                                                                                       and to independently 3 and 3 any safety precautions that willhave toto be
                                                                                                wearing suitable goggles.
Power drill & bits                  bullet head nails                                              Isolated decks, that are used                    the position the information in
                                                                                                                                       followed prior to using of the nails to achieve this. Once the diagonal
                                                                                                ■ around swimming size and other MitrePlan Project Planner. equal and all lines are parallel, the job will be
                                                                                                    Depending on the pools and                      measurements are
Power saw or hand saw               100mm x 3.75mm galvanised                                   construction of your deck you                        There and you are ready
                                                                                                   garden features such as gazebos,WARNING:square may be by laws or to set the stumps.
Claw hammer                         bullet head nails                                              ponds and approval of
                                                                                                may need the rockeries. your           regulations of councils or other statutory
                                                                                                local Shire or council before          bodies that you must comply with when
Carpenter’s square                  Masonry anchors (Dynabolts)                                 you start. also have to decide which
                                                                                                                                                    Step 3: Set the stumps
                                                                                                                                       following this MitrePlan Project Planner.
                                                                                                   You will
                                    Concrete or rapid set mix                                                                                       Space your stump holes every 1800mm out from the house and
String line                                                                                        way you want your decking boards to
                                                                                                                                                    1500mm apart (Fig. 2). Dig the holes 300 x 300mm square and
                                    Decking stain if required                                      run. The design we’ve shown you here
Spirit level                                                                                                                                        600mm deep. Dig them so that when the stumps are centred in
                                                                                                   has the boards running parallel to the           them, the outside edges of the stumps are flush with the
Wood chisel, 20mm              Verbal quotes are indicative only. Written quotes on materials                                           Your string line.
                                                                                                   house, but, if you prefer, you can easily local MITRE 10 Store is:
                               are available upon request from your Mitre 10 store.                adapt it for them to run diagonally, or
Sliding bevel                                                                                                                                       Before setting the stumps in the holes, place a timber sole plate
                                                                                                   away from the house.                             in the bottom of each hole. Stand the stump on the sole plate
Adjustable wrench                                                                                                                                   (Fig. 3). You may need to brace the stump temporarily so it
                                                                                                   Whichever type of deck you choose,
Shovel or                                                                                                                                           stays upright and straight (Fig. 4).
                                                                                                   building it is well within the capacity
Post hole digger                                                                                                                                    Fill the hole with a mixture of approximately 2 bags of concrete
                                                                                                   of the average home improver. And                or rapid set mix and approximately 1-2 buckets of water per
                                                                                                   you’ll get real enjoyment out of doing           hole. Check stump is plumb and in correct position before
                                                                                                   it yourself with the help of this step-          concrete sets. Allow sufficient time to harden.
                                                                                                   by-step guide – and your local Mitre 10
                                                                                                   specialist.                                      Step 4: Add the framing
                                                                                                  before starting any work, find out if a         If your house is weatherboard, ideally bearers should be joined
                                                                                                                                                  to the existing bearers of your house. If your house is brick then
            Visit for more                        S                                building permit is required.
                                                                                                                                                  you can connect a 140 x 145mm F.7. treated pine plate to the
                                                                                                                                                  brickwork using suitable masonry anchors at 600mm intervals.
                  Once the plate has been fixed and bearer height has been                                  Step 6: Finishing your new deck
                  determined, transfer this onto other stumps using a straight
                  edge and level or string line and level. Mark with a square and                           If you have chosen a hard durable decking surface such as
                  cut off stumps to correct height.                                                         batu or merbau, a decking finish is optional. Treated radiata
                                                                                                            pine decking already comes in a natural green colour and
                  Skew nail (driving nails in at an angle – Fig. 6) at the remaining
                                                                                                            doesn’t normally require any added protection unless facing
                  bearers onto stumps. Or use nail plates or framing anchors
                                                                                                            north or west. But remember, most timbers left to age
                  (Fig. 7). Check all levels and angles once again. Set joists on
                                                                                                            naturally will turn to a silver grey colour over a year or so
                  top of bearers every 450 – 600mm for hardwood decking,
                                                                                                            after completion. So consider painting or staining carefully.
                  every 400mm for pine decking using the skew nail technique or
                  galvanised framing anchors.                                                               If you require something that will enhance and maintain the
                                                                                                   fig. 6   beauty of the timber you’ve chosen, then there are a number
fig. 2                                                                                                      of attractive finishes you can use. Ask the paint staff at your
                  Step 5: Lay your decking surface                                                          local Mitre 10 store.
                  The decking surface will be the most visible part of your work, so      fig. 7
                                                                                                            Now, all that’s left to do is sit back and enjoy your new deck
fig. 3            take your time and check your progress as you go. Each decking                            – and admire your own handiwork.
                  board should be square to the others and, together, be square
                  to the house. While decking boards are dressed, the odd one
                  or two may be bowed and care should be taken that the bow                                 Deck Designs
                  is eased out as you nail them in place. Nail the boards to the                            Building a timber deck in our own backyard is really a
                  joists using two galvanised decking nails at each point, placed                           breeze. All decks are made in much the same way, so it’s
                  approximately 15mm in from the edge of the board. Leave a gap                             easy to adapt the basic techniques to your own site and your
                  of about 4mm (Fig. 8) between each board to allow for drainage.                           own lifestyle. Here’s just a few examples to get you thinking
                  You can use a piece of suitably sized timber as a spacer, placing                         – and designing your own.
                  it into position against the previous board at each nail point and
                  pulling the board against it as you nail. Drill each board end
                  before nailing to avoid splitting. Make sure that joins in the boards
                  are staggered and always occur over a joist.
                  To get a straight, even edge to the finished deck, let the ends
fig. 4            overhang about 50mm, then trim them all together with a saw
                  when you’ve completed laying all boards.

                                                                                                   fig. 8

         fig. 5
                                                 Build a deck
■ Building a deck will be
easier if you prepare all the
tools and materials first.
■ Be sure to take drainage
of the site into consideration
before you build. Once your
deck is up, access will be
■ Lay Weed Control Mat
over the area to prevent weed
growth underneath.
■ Measuring is easy, materials
expensive. Double check all
measurements and markings
before you cut any piece of
■ To get a straight, even edge   IMPORTANT: This project planner has been produced to provide
to your finished decking, let    basic information and our experienced staff are available to answer any
the ends overhang about          questions you may have. However, this information is provided for use
50mm, then trim them all         on the understanding that Mitre 10 is not liable for any loss or damage
together with a saw when the     which is suffered or incurred (including but not limited to indirect or
job is completed.                consequential loss), for any personal injury or damage to property suffered
                                 or sustained as a result of using the information contained in this MitrePlan
■ Remember, when using
                                 Project Planner. Mitre 10 advises you to call in a qualified tradesperson,
any power tool, your eyes
                                 such as an electrician or plumber, where expert services are required,
should always be protected by
                                 and to independently assess any safety precautions that will need to be
wearing suitable goggles.        followed prior to using the information in
■ Depending on the size and      this MitrePlan Project Planner.
construction of your deck you    WARNING: There may be by laws or
may need the approval of your    regulations of councils or other statutory
local Shire or council before    bodies that you must comply with when
you start.                       following this MitrePlan Project Planner.

                                  Your local MITRE 10 Store is:

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