Fan Profile Eng by madopol007

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									                          commune profile




M I R D I TA /ALBA N IA
2
                            M
                            I
                            R
                            D
        Commune             I
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        p r o f i l e       A


A   L   B   A    N      I       A
                  nts
            fconte
       le o
    Tab




                I       Acknowledgements
                II      Chairman’s foreword
                III     History        6
                IV      Traditions, Rites, Customs       7
                V       Geographical Position and Relief 8
                VI      Climate        8
                VII     Population 9
                VIII    Natural Resources
                IX      Agriculture and Breeding 1               0
                X       Business and Employment          1       2
                XI      Local Government 1                       3
                XIII    Education 1                              5
                XIV     Health
                XV      Public Utilities
                XVI     Social Assistance 1                      9
                XVII    Non-Governmental Organizations       2   0




4
                                                                       Ackno
                                                                             wled
                                                                                 gme
                                                                                    nts

We thank the Task Force set up by the Fan Commune and the experts and staff
of CANGO’s Capacity Building Programme who provided technical assistance in the
preparation of the Fan Commune Profile.

We also are indebted to MGS (Urban International Associates) in Bulgaria.

This Profile’s preparation and publication would have been impossibile without the
finacial assistance CAFOD UK (UK’s Catholic Fund for Overseas Development) and we
wish to use this opportunity to express our gratitude to them.




                                                    This Profile is part of Project im-
                 This Profile is part of a CAFOD-   plemented by CANGO
                 financed project                   (Center for cooperation between
                                                    Communities, Local Authorities
                                                    and NGOs)




           DISCLAIMER:
           The Fan Commune and CANGO Albania solely are responsible for the
           contents of this publication and it should, under no circumstance, be regarded
           as reflecting the position of CAFOD UK.




                                                                                            5
                           rd
                   rewo
               s Fo
            an’



                T
          m
      hair          he Fan Commune has
    C               started to cooperate
                         with CANGO, a non-
                         governmental organiza-
                         tion, for the preparation
                         of this profile and of
                the strategic plan for our com-
                mune’s economic development.
                This opportunity has been very
                highly valued by our staff and
                community, therefore, in their
                and my name, I would like to
                cordially thank CANGO and CA-
                FOD.

                A special acknowledgement
                goes also to the Task Force in-
                volved in the profile and stra-
                tegic plan preparation who, with their
                devotion and earnestness, played an        history, tradition and culture to both
                important role in its successful accom-    the Albanian and foreigner reader.
                plishment. The Working Group was
                composed of commune staff, the vil-        In order to improve the living condi-
                lage chairmen, and representatives         tions in Fan, we would be grateful to
                from education and health institutions,    anyone wishing to become part of our
                business groups, civic society and reli-   experience as a visitor, collaborator or
                gious associations.                        donor.

                This profile intends to modestly reveal                          Fan’s chairman
                Fan’s human and natural resources, its                           Gjergj Prenga

6
                                                                      Intr
                                                                            odu



                                                   F
                                                                               cti
          REPUBLIC OF            MAP OF MIRIDITA
                                                          an is in the nor-        on
             ALBANIA
                                                          thern Albania,
                                                           in the north-
                                                           east of Mirdita
                                                           region. As the
                                                           birth-place of
                                                   many important figu-
                                                   res, it has contributed
                                                   to the patriotic and
MIRDITA                                            educational heritage of
                                                   Albania. Fan can boast
                                                   of wonderful landsca-
                                                   pes, but most of all
                                                   of friendly and hard-
                                                   working inhabitants.
                        FAN COMMUNE
                                                   The Durrës-Kukës-Mo-
                                                   rinë road construction,
                                                   which for many kilo-
                                                   meters goes through
                                                   the commune, shall
                                                   usher in a new deve-
                                                   lopment age for Fan.
                                                   Increased movement
                                                   opportunities for peo-
                                                   ple and goods on both
                                                   the sides of the border
                                                   will bring a change for
                                                   better.




                                                                                        7
                                                                            Bisak is a village spreading out in Shtil, Shtrungaj,
                                                                            Klos, Fan (Kujte) and is composed of the Upper Bi-
               y
            tor
                                                                            sak and the Lower Bisak. The most ancient dwell-

     H   is                                                                 ing place there is the old Bisas’village.
                                                                            Domgjon is made up of five tribes and lies in Dom-
                                                                            gjon, Gjakëz, Hebe and Mollkuqe. There is also the
                                                                            Domgjon’s source, used for irrigation, with a per-
                                                                            fect architecture and one of the most interesting
                                                                            sources in the Balkans. The oldest dwelling-place
                                                                            is Sukbukëra.
      Kepi i                                                                Xhuxha is composed of five tribes, the first to ar-
    Qytezës,                                                                rive there are the Dedkolajs’, then the Gjinajs’,
     Xhuxhë                                                                 Gjonajs’, Milicajts’, Menajts’, Vocajts’ and Zezajts’
                                                                            These tribes live in Bizhë, Zall-Xhuxhë, Thirrë, Sang
                                                                            and Srriçe. The oldest dwelling-place is Xhuxha’s
                                                                            hill. In Xhuxhë is the country town’s cape inhab-
                                The country town’s cape, Xhuxhë             ited since the times of the Roman Empire.




    F
            an is mentioned in a document of 1387 which reads that
            Tanush Lek Dukagjini has been its lord and that his house-
            hold owned a large territory in Northern Albania. Purport-
            edly, Fan is named after the “Fan i Vogël” river. Its popula-                                             Domgjon’s
            tion descends from the Pirus tribe which had been engaged                                                 source, old
            in smelting copper and other metals. This fact is confirmed                                                  aqueduct
    by the existing ruins of primitive ovens, the so-called “Gurët e                                                (in use even
    Xhudhive” (Xhudhis’ stones). Fan is an ancient dwelling-place                                                     nowadays)
    (Batras country town and the
    Domgjon’s source date back to the times of Illyria).
    In 1529 Fan had 11 villages and 240 households. Until 1770 it
    was united with Peja’s Begoll, but afterwards was annexed to
    Mirdita. In the course of time it was populated by the Bisas, Dom-
    gjonas, Xhuxhas, Konajs and Shëngjinis households wherefrom
    some of the Fan villages derived their names.

8
Konajt is made up of 5 tribes. The oldest tribe is
that of Biblekajs divided into seven other tribes,
                                                                                                              His
such as the Gjonajs, Gjilekajs, Kolpërgjonajs, Mar-                                                              tor
gjonajs, Kolgjeçajs and Halilajs who moved toward
Barthor, Zubajë and Mrizë. The earliest dwelling-
                                                                                                                     y
place is the Katundi i Vjetër (the Old Village). They
say the Konajs have arrived from Berisha, moving
first to Peqin, afterwards at Qafë-Mollë and finally
at Konaj.

Shëngjin is made up of four villages, the first
tribe being the Nokajs. The oldest dwelling-place
is Rrugja and the territories of Cahan in Çipën. It
seems that Shëngjin had arrived from Dukagjin.
From earliest times Fan has been governed by
the village elders pursuant to inherited traditional     Characteristic house (called “tower”)
precepts. The elders would resolve every conflict
                                                        and, in case of disagreement, the Gjonmarkajs had the prerogative
                                                        of the last say.
  St. Mark’s Church, Klos                               Fan is the cradle of many distinguished figures, leaders, writers
                                                        and political activists such as Gjergj Fishta from the Domgjon’s
                                                        Paci tribe, a clergyman, national poet, Anton Çeta of Xhuxha ori-
                                                        gin, who moved to Kosovo 70 years back, chairman for blood
                                                        reconciliation in Kosovo; Zef Kol Noka from Shëngjin, moved to
                                                        Gjakova, commander of battles against the Turks and the Serbs,
                                                        fellow fighter of Isa Boletini and Bajram Curri; Ndrec Ndue Gjoka,
                                                        emeritus teacher who contributed to the opening of 50 schools in
                                                        Mirdita.
                                                        During the communist dictatorship, from 1945 till 1992, the com-
                                                        mune’s inhabitants mainly worked in farming, breeding and forest-
                                                        ry. There was mass diffusion of education, the area was electrified
                                                        and grain production increased at the expense of deforested land,
                                                        damaging thus the oldest riches in the area. Nevertheless the living
                                                        standards remained very low.

                                                                                                                               9
                                      s
                              Cu stom
                          ,
                     ites
               ns, R
           itio


                                  F
     T rad                                 an is one of the fewest regions in Albania whose population belongs en-
                                           tirely to the Catholic religion. Its people are hospitable, brave and loyal.
         Fan                               Their positive traits are best displayed in wedding and death gatherings.
       woman                               In the northern-east part of Fan is Batra and a bit further the ruins of the
        outfit                              country town, that has, they say, served as a citadel during many wars.
                                           The road constructed by the Romans served them as a thoroughfare from
                                  Shkodër to Nish.
                                  Domgjon’s source is in the ruins of the old country town which had its own aq-
                                  ueduct. This monument has underground tunnels and a control well with its vault
                                  8 meters above the water level. The source was built in the fourth century AD
                                  and is connected with the aqueduct. This same aqueduct supplied water even to
                                  Sukbukëra, the oldest dwelling-place in Domgjon. It is held as one of the oldest
                                  of its kind in the Balkans.



                                               Old tower, Zall-Xhuxhë




10
                                                     Geogra
                                                           phica
                                                                l Pos
    “Guri i Nuses”                                                   ition
 mountain in winter                                                        and
                                                                               Re
                                                                                 lie
                                                                                    f




T
     he Fan Commune is in the north-eastern part of
     Mirdita. Its surface is 175 km2. The commune is
     an administrative unit of the Mirdita region, district
     of Lezha. In the south west it borders the Orosh
     commune, in north-west abuts on the communes of
     Gjegjan and Fushë-Arrëz, and in the north on two
communes of the Kukës district.


The commune has a mostly disrupted mountainous terrain,
with a 21 km long north-south extension and 9 km east-west
extension. It lies along a valley surrounded by the Zepa and
Munella mountains and the Qafa e Kumbullës highland.

The commune’s height above sea level varies from 250m
(Shtrungajë village) up to 1992m (Munella mountain), mak-
ing thus the climate differ from village to village.

                                                                                    11
         m ate
      Cli



     T
             he commune has a mountainous
             continental Mediterranean climate,
             with a very cold winter and hot
             summer. The only exception is
             Shtrungaj village that has pre-moun-
             tain continental clime. This latter’s
     mountain terrain tones down the summer
     hot, with average maximum (July) and min-
     imum temperatures respectively 23°C and            View from
     35°C; whereas the winter is not very cold             Munella
     as the mountains surrounding the village            mountain
     screen out the freezing northern winds.
     The average January temperature is about
     -3°C, the lowest -8°C and rarely reaches
     -12 and -13°C.
     The greatest rainfalls, 1400 to 1500cm,
     occur over the November April span. During
     winter the snow covers the whole territory
     with 20–30 cm thick layers in altitudes of
     700m and 70–100 cm thick layers in high-
     er areas. Snowy days vary from 20 in low
     areas up to 60 in high mountain areas.
     The winds blowing in the commune are
     mainly the northern murlan, dry and cold,
     and the warm and humid southern and
     south-eastern winds.
     The vegetation period commences by the
     end of April and ends in October, in all 200    “Guri i Nuses”
     days.                                           mountain in

12                                                   winter
T
         he population of
         Fan has continu-                                           Pop
         ally moved from                                                ul   ati
         Fan to Kosovo and        The center,                                    on
                                   commune
         vice-versa. These
                                       of Fan
         movements have
resulted in continual demo-
graphic change. In 1529
Fan had 240 households
with    1000     inhabitants,
whereas in 1641 had 2 000
inhabitants. After the Turk-
ish occupation, population
in 1916 numbered 3661
inhabitants and gradually in-
creased reaching its peak in
                                Table 1: Structure of Population
1989 with 13,000 inhabit-
ants.

In the aftermath of post
1990 population move-
ments (migration in great ur-
ban areas and emigration es-
pecially in Italy and Greece)
the population dropped by
60%. Most of those who
left were of young age. Cur-
rent population amounts to
5368 inhabitants.

                                Source: Register Office in Commune


                                                                                  13
                         s
                   urce
                                                         shrubs, such as cashew, hea-         stible even in summer. They
                  o
               Res
                                                         th, oak, fir, beech, hazelnut,        have few kinds of fish, mainly




                    T
           ral
                                                         arista (a rare tree) ash, juniper,   trout.

       atu
                                                         hornbeam, etc.. Weeds such
                    he Fan commune’s land                as telish, and clover are predo-     The area is inhabited by a va-
     N              surface is mainly com-               minant in meadows. There are         riety of wild animals and fowls
                             posed of pastures and       250 kinds of medical plants,         favoured by an open and bro-
                             forests. Its large terri-   the most known of which are          ken territory. The area abounds
                             tory makes the com-         thyme, savory, cashew, orchis,       also in forests. The most com-
                             mune rich in water and      mountain tea and the strawber-       mon animals are the wolf, fox,
                    diverse vegetation. The most         ry.                                  bear, badger, roe, squirrel, boar
                    widespread low vegetation are                                             and the hedgehog. The most
                    heathers and shrubs; the most        Fan i Vogël river crosses the        common fowls are the black-
                    common mountainous vegeta-           whole of the commune with its        bird, sparrow, culver, eagle,
                    tion: the oak, beech and pine fo-    dense network of mountainous         falcon, crow, lumberjack, par-
                    rests; and the most widespread       torrents. Brrena e Domgjonit         tridge and, during summer, the
                    high vegetation consists in pa-      and Knella e Shëngjinit torrents     swallow and cuckoo.
                    stures. Fan has many trees and       ever-flowing currents, inexhau-


       The vally of “Fan i vogel” river
                                                                                 Fan river




14
                                                                                Agric
                                                                                     ultur
AGRICULTURE
                                                                                          e an
The commune of Fan has a limited land
                                                                                              dB
area, in all 738 ha. Of this, a 416 ha                                                          ree
field area has been divided among the                                                               din
farmers, whereas the rest, 322 ha, are                                                                g
poor lands and, moreover, impossible
to utilize because of their remoteness.
Land surface amounts to approximately
750 m2 per capita. The biggest land ar-
eas are in Katundi i Ri village: 36 ha and
in Shëngjin: 35 ha; and the smallest in
Shtrungaj, Sang and Gjakëz villages: 8
ha each.
In general, the conditions in the com-
mune of Fan are conducive to agricul-
tural development. The most cultivated
plants are maize, potato, lucern and                                                         Landscape, Hebe
vegetables.
                                             Table 2. Land Structure in the Commune
The arboriculture has favourite con-
ditions for production. The trees and
grape-vines are not disposed in blocks
and vineyards. The commune has
                                             Source: Cadastral Office
47,000 grape-vines and 23,000 fruit-
trees, mainly fig, nut, cherry, plum, ap-
ple, pear, peach and quince trees. The
most cultivated vegetables are tomato,
pepper, cabbage, onion, cucumber and
garlic.

The terrain is propitious to the hetero-
oil plants’ growth which would improve
the sowing structure, utilizing the un-
productive (infertile) lands


                                             Vineyard, Zall-Xhuxhë
                                                                                                               15
                            ng
                    d Breedi
            lture an
     Agricu
     Table 3. Agricultural Production Indicators for the year




     Source: Agriculture and Food Office, Lezhë

     Table 4. Cultivated Land by village



                                                                Autumn, Hebe village


                                                                        Plum trees, Petoq village




     Source: Cadastral office

16
BREEDING                                                                               Agric
                                                                                            ultur
                                                                                                 e an
The Fan commune has                                                                                  dB
advantageous conditions                                                                                ree
for breeding development.                                                                                 din
From its outset it has relied                                                                                g
on breeding wherefrom
90% of its revenues are
generated.
A peculiarity in the com-
mune is that goats (with
an average 40 kg weight
per head and 150 liters of
milk annual production),
account for 75% of the
cattle. Goat breeding is of
low cost. Pasture capacity
is nearly 25,000-30,000
heads of cattle and 10,000
heads of bovine.



                                                                          Cattle, Thirrë village

                                Table 5 -Data on the living stock in 1995 and 2007




                                Source: Commune’s veterinary inspector


                                                                                                             17
                                         ent
                                  Employm
                            s and
                       ines
                   Bus




                                                       L
                                                               ately the business in the commune
                                                               has started to liven up. It consists
                                                               mainly in family businesses such
                                                               as wood material processing, fire
                                                               wood production, stone processing,
                                                               quarries, trade of live stock and
                                                       agricultural productions, apiculture (bee
                                                       breeding), and milk processing. The “Durrës-
                                                       Kukës-Morinë” highway construction shall
                                                       strengthen the extant breeding and other
                                                       businesses and shall encourage the birth of
                                                       new business activities.

                                                       Breeding production at present is destined to
                                                       meet family needs. Pasture capacity enables
                                                       breeding and hibernation of 20-30 thousand
                                                       heads of cattle and 5 thousand heads of
                                                       bovine.


     Wood processing business, Klos




                                          Bee hives,
                                              Petoq


18
                                                                     Busin
                                                                          ess
                                                                              and
                                                   Fuel station in                Em
                                                              Klos                  plo
                                                                                       y   me
Table 6.
                                                                                             nt




                                                                                      Stone –pit
                                                                                         in Klos


Source: Tax Office in commune

  The public sector provides job for most of the
  population.


  • Education                        67 people
  • Health                           27
  • Forest sector                    7
  • Road maintenance                 33
  • Commune administration           18
  • Public Order                     4


                                                                                               19
                   nt
             vernme
        al Go                                              The Fan commune admin-

     Loc
                                                           istration in a meeting with




     I
                                                           church representatives

         n the territory of the Fan com-
         mune there are 17 villages:
         Shtrungaj, Bisakë, Klos, Fan, Ka-
         tund i Ri, Konaj, Shëngjin, Petoç,
         Zall-Xhuxhë, Gjakëz, Munellë,
         Domgjon, Hebë, Sang, Thirrë,
     Dardhaz and Xhuxhë.

     Klos village is the administrative cent-
     er housing the local government build-
     ing. The local government is made up
     of a decision-making body: the Com-
     mune Council and an executive body:
     the Commune chairman and his staff.
     Both the Council and Chairman are di-
     rectly elected by the voters.

     The present Council, elected in 18
     February 2007 for a 4 year mandate,        Meeting with village
     has 15 members from 13 political par-      chairmen and commune
     ties.                                      councilors

     The commune administration has
     18 employees paid by state budget
     funds.

     Each village is represented by its own
     chairman elected by the citizens. The
     Villages’ leadership, depending on the
     village size, ranges from three to five
     members.


20
                                                                          Loca
                                                                              l Go
                                                                                  ver
                                                                                      nm
                  Table 7. Budget of the Commune over years, in 000/ALL                 en
                                                                                          t

The Fan commune
administration




                  Source: Finance Office

                                           Commune’s Organization Chart




                                                                                          21
                    on
                cati
             Edu




     T
              he first school in the Fan area was
              opened in 1927, in the house of Gjon
              Ndue Ndreca. It had only 13 pupils.
              From 1932 till 1936 Dom Zef Skana
              let the pupils, 27, have their lessons in
              the church premises.
     After the liberation of the country, on 14 Decem-
     ber 1944, at Bisakë the first school was opened
     (38 pupils). It was followed by the opening of
     other schools in Konaj, (35 pupils, whereof 13
     females), in Domgjon (59 pupils, whereof 14
     females), in Xhuxhë (60 pupils, whereof 18 fe-
     males), in Klos-Zallë (59 pupils, whereof 19 fe-
     males), in Hebe, Mollkuqe, Dardhaz and Petoq.
     Secondary schools were opened at Bisakë in
     1951 and at Domgjon in 1960.
                                                          High School “Ndrec Ndue Gjoka” in Klos
     In September 1976 a high school, agronomy
     branch, was opened in Klos and in 1985 a glo-
     bal branch was added to it. In the ‘80s, the
     United High School of Klos had 800 pupils and
     50 teachers.

     Following the democratic changes and move-
     ments, the number of pupils and teachers
     dropped. At present Fan has 14 schools: 7 pri-
     mary, 6 secondary and 1 high (the United High
     School).
22
                                                                             High
                                                                            school       Edu
Table 8. Children and Nursery-schools in                                  class, Klos       cat
the Commune                                                                                    ion




Source: Directorate of Education, Rrëshen




                                            Table 9. Pupils and Schools in the Commune




Secondary school, Domgjon

                                                                                                 23
                                            Source: Directorate of Education, Rrëshen
                 h
             ealt



           H
           H
                      ealth service in the
                      commune of Fan is
                      provided around the
                      clock in health centers
                      both in the commune             Medical
                      center and in villages,         examination
           including the maternity service.           at the health
           The health staff is composed of 2          centre
           physicians and 24 employees. The
           commune center has also an auto-
           ambulance.


     Table 10 . Statistics on Health in the Commune




24   Source: Health Center, Klos
                                                                                        Pub
                                                                                           lic
                                                                                               Uti
                                                                                                  liti
                                                                                                       es




                                                                   T
                                                                           he commune of Fan offers a
                                                                           number of public services, name-
                                                                           ly:

                                                                         1. ROAD NETWORK
                                                                         IMPROVEMENT AND
                                                                   MAINTENANCE UTILITY.

                                                                   Road maintenance service is provided for
                                                                   the internal roads connecting the villages
Working site for the highway Durres                                with each other and with the center
Kukes Morine in Fan
                                                                   of the commune. The Fan commune is
                                                                   connected with the town of Rrëshen
       Road under construction        Foot bright in Mashterkore   through the 45 km long Fan-Reps-Rrëshen
                                                                   thoroughfare, a road that connects the
                                                                   Fan commune with the Orosh commune
                                                                   and the villages of Shtrungaj, Bisakë, Klos
                                                                   with the Fan commune center. The road
                                                                   network in the Fan commune is 84km
                                                                   long and has a125 km2 surface. 25% of
                                                                   it is paved with flint stone and 75% with
                                                                   gravel (mountain grit).

                                                                   At present Durrës-Kukës-Morinë (Rrëshen-
                                                                   Kalimash) highway is under construction.
                                                                   It goes across the central part of the Fan
                                                                   commune for 67km connecting six of its
                                                                   villages: Shtrungaj, Bisakë, Klos, Zall-
                                                                   Xhuxhë, Sang and Thirrë (at Thirrë is the
                                                                   entrance of the Qafë-Kumbulla tunnel)
                                                                                                             25
                                        s
                                 tilitie
                                                                           Table 11 - Distances in km

                          c    U
                     Publi




                                                   Bridge upon
                                                   the Fan river,
                                                   Gjakëz
                                                                           Source: Office of Utilities

     2. TELEPHONE UTILITY.
     The mobile Vodafone and AMC providers account for 90% of the
     telephone service. The remaining 10% is covered by the fixed sys-
     tem network offered by Rrëshen Telelecom.

     3. DRINKING WATER PROVISION.
     Being a predominantly mountain zone, the Fan commune has
     abundant waters springing from the mountains. These are used for
     familiy needs and irrigation. At present there are a number of wa-
     ter-suppliers built over years such as those of Domgjon’s Source,
     one of the oldrest in the Balkans, that of Klos restructured only a
     few years ago, those of Xhuxhë, Shëngjin and Bargjan, the latter
     supplying water to Rrëshen town and Shtrungaj village.

     The commune, through a grant and other funds, is making im-
                                                                                Watersupply
     provement and maintenance works and plans to construct new                 in Bargjan
     water-suppliers.

26
                                                                                                Pub
4. FUNERAL                                                                                         lic
                                                                                                       Uti
AND CEMETERY Churchyard,                                                                                  liti
MAINTENANCE       Klos                                                                                         es
SERVICE.
Funeral and
cemetery main-
tenance service
is offered by
the commune,
religious asso-
ciations and by
the inhabitants.
Almost every                                                                              Water Source, Shëngjin
village has its
own cemetery,    Table 12.. Capital Investments in the Commune of Fan during 2003 -2007
except three of
them covered by
the cemetery of
the Fan com-
mune center.




                   Source: Finance Office and Utility Office

                                                                                                                   27
                      ce
              As sitan
          l
     Socia




      S
                  ocial assistance in the com-   stance is supported by Central Govern-
                  mune is offered by the Of-     ment funds allocated by the Ministry of
                  fice of Economic Aid which      Work and Social Affairs in the form of
                  is dependent both upon the     a grant based on the need assessment
                  Regional Directorate and       carried out by the Office of Economic
                  the Commune. Social assi-      Aid through the Regional Directorate.
      Table 13.




28
      Source:Office of Economic Aid
                                                  Non G
                                                       overn
                                                            men
                                                               tal O
                                                                    rga
                                                                       niz



Z
                                                                           ati
         EPA, Association of Forests, Pas-                                     on
         tures and Waters                                                        s
         Zepa Association was founded in
         March 2004 from a group of 5 ini-
         tiators. Ever since, it has continu-
         ally grown in number. From August
2004 until October 2005, under the patron-
age of the General Directorate of Forests and
of the World Food Aid Programme, it has
implemented a number of projects such as
works for the protection of areas in danger of
erosion, cleansing of the territory from rotten
trees, etc.

Sisters of Charity
In 27 September 1998, in response to a call
from Monsignor Angelo Massafra, bishop of
Lezhë-Rrëshen, the Sisters of Charity started
to provide services and qualification courses:
sewing for women and embroidery for fe-
male teenagers. They have also offered am-
bulatory health services and have distributed
medicines for nursery school children.

The Sisters of Charity and the Albanian Cari-
tas have jointly embarked on a project (the
ECHO project) funded by the European Com-
munity which provides for financial aid for
pupils and villages. During the summer, Ital-
ian or French volunteers assisted Albanian
youngsters, run summer camps for Fan com-
mune teenagers.                                         Sisters of Charity

                                                                                 29
                                        izations
                         ntal  Organ
                   ernme
               Gov
            Non The commune working group in                    CANGO
                      charge of the profile preparation          CANGO (Center for cooperation be-
                      and CANGO experts                         tween Communities, Local Authorities
                                                                & NGOs) is intensively involved in ca-
                                                                pacity building for public administration
                                                                and key representatives of the civic so-
                                                                ciety and community in the commune
                                                                as well as in developing a Development
                                                                Strategic Plan for the commune. It has
                                                                offered a special help through a series
                                                                of trainings on management (such as
                                                                Human Resources & Financial Manage-
                                                                ment), public communication, duties
                                                                and responsibilities of the commune
                                                                councils, etc.




     Austrian Caritas
     From 1994, the Austrian Caritas has
     made considerable contributions, initial-
     ly offering human aid, food and clothing
     for families in need. It has also financed
     the construction of a bakery in Klos, the
     reconstruction of several schools, the
     provision of didactic supplies, books,
     clothes and food mainly to orphans and
     needy children in secondary schools
     at Gjakëz, Petoq, Shëngjin, Xhuxhë,
     Hebe, Shtrungaj, Domgjon, Konaj and in
     “Ndrec Ndue Gjoka” global high school
                                                         Caritas Austria activites
                                                         in commune


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                       For more information about Fan
                       commune please contact at:
     commune profile
                       Address: Komuna Fan, Mirdita
                       Contact Person: Gjergj Prenga,
                       Chairman of Fan Commune, Mirdite


     MIRDITA-ALBANIA   Tel: +355 692567020
                       Tel:+355 684069212
                       Email:komunafan@yahoo.com




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