Docstoc

complications-of-diabetes

Document Sample
complications-of-diabetes Powered By Docstoc
					Complications of diabetes

Just like in any other illnesses, the first thing that people need is to
be informed and educated about the disease that may be prone to. In case
of diabetes, extensive knowledge about this can help people who are
already suffering from it to cope up and manage and can also help those
who don’t have it yet to be more careful and to avoid the illness.

But, aside from having extensive knowledge on the disease such as its
causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, it also pays to know if there
would be related complications. This is to prepare one's self—
emotionally, physically, and emotionally—about the possibilities of
coping not just with diabetes but other complications related to it as
well.

There are certain factors that affect people to be prone to diabetes such
as age, heredity and ethnicity. But regardless of the risk factors, the
related complications would just be the same. The following are just some
of the complications of diabetes that people who are prone to it must pay
attention to:

1. HEART DISEASE AND STROKE. Experts say that people who have diabetes
have greater risks to having coronary heart diseases and to stroke
compared to those who don’t have them. In fact, these complications are
the lead causes of death among diabetics all over the world. People
suffering from diabetes are prone to heart diseases and stroke because
the fatty deposits brought by drastic changes in the body can block the
arteries and leads to heart attack. Because of lesser amount of insulin
in the body compared to regular people, diabetics have higher incidence
of blood clotting and can also lead to high blood pressure or
hypertension.

2. DIABETIC KIDNEY DISEASE. Among people with diabetes, kidney failure is
the most common complication because the blood-filtering units of the
kidneys are being damaged. Once the kidney has been damaged, important
proteins are being along with urine and eventually, the kidneys won't be
able to remove the waste products present in the blood anymore. The good
thing is, not all diabetics experience End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESRD)
which can be life threatening. To avoid this complication, you must stop
smoking cigarettes and always keep the blood pressure under control at
all times.

3. DIABETIC EYE DISEASE. This refers to the group of eye problems that
diabetics—people with diabetes—may have as a result of the chronic
disease. In worst cases, this set of eye related problems such as
diabetic retinopathy, damaged vessels of the eye's retina, cataract,
cloudiness in the lens of the eyes, glaucoma, and increased fluid
pressure inside the eye that is damaging to optic nerve. All of these,
when not treated immediately and now monitored properly can lead to total
loss of vision loss or blindness.

4. DIABETIC NEUROPATHY. Those people who are into smoking, drinking, and
those who have poor control with glucose are more prone to developing
neuropathy compared to those diabetics who are not into these vices and
bad habits.

5. GASTROPARESIS. This disorder involves the stomach as a result of
prolonged emptying. Studies show that around 20 to 30 percent of
diabetics suffering from "type 1 diabetes" are more prone to this
diabetes complication because it severely damages the "vagus nerve" which
is responsible for keeping the food moving through person's the digestive
tract. Although it is also diagnosed among those who have "type 2
diabetes" the cases are comparatively lower.