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					Master Teacher Lesson Plan
Cumberland River Valley Consortium
Teaching American History Project

Era: 2                          Lesson Topic: The Mayflower Compact
Grade Level: 4th Grade
Lesson Length: 40 minutes
Lesson Authors: Lori Beardsley & Brad Underwood           Date Created: 4/15/2006


Thematic Context: Governance establishes structures of power and authority in order to provide order
and stability. Civic efficacy requires understanding rights and responsibilities, ethical behavior, and the
role of citizens within their community, nation, and world.


Learning Sequence:        This lesson should be presented while teaching British settlement of the
American colonies.


Lesson Topic Goals: The Learner will be able to examine the Mayflower Compact and recognize why it
is a symbol of the first government of what would become the United States. Historical Question: Was
the Mayflower Compact beneficial to the development of the American government?


Lesson Activities:
       The students will (TSW) use the situation of a classroom as a context for analyzing the importance
        of rules of conduct and, by extension, laws of governance.
       TSW summarize the contents of the Mayflower Compact.
       TSW draw up a list of laws (rules) that the colonists on the Mayflower might have adopted after
        they arrived.
       TSW complete a worksheet designed to assess short-term retention of basic fact and
        comprehension of meaning.


Objective(s) – State Standards Addressed:

Era 2 Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763)

Social Studies Standards:
4.4.spi.3 Examine how the Mayflower Compact is a symbol of the first United States government.
4.6.spi.1 Recognize how groups work cooperatively to accomplish goals and encourage change.

Language Standards:
4.3.spi.7. Identify correctly spelled words in context.


Sources, Equipment, and Materials:
Hakim, Joy. A History of US: Making Thirteen Colonies (1600-1740)
PowerPoint presentation: “The Mayflower Compact”
Data projector
Document camera or overhead projector
Paper
Pencils or Markers
Dry erase board
Dry erase markers
Computers
Copies of worksheet assessment




                                                                                                     Rev. 2.24.06
                                                                Era 2 - The Mayflower Compact - Page 2 of 9
Introduction(Set): Close your eyes. Imagine yourself in a classroom with no rules or guidelines to
follow. It would be total chaos. Who would be in charge? (Everyone would want to do things their
way.) Now, imagine yourself in a strange land without any rules or laws to follow. Now, let’s ask
ourselves the same question. Who would be in charge? (No one; it would be chaos.) This is probably
how the Pilgrims felt when they arrived at Plymouth in 1620, so they decided to make rules and laws for
the colonists to follow. Today, we will discuss the Mayflower Compact, which is the first example of
democratic self rule by colonists in America.

Background Information:

In 1620, 102 pilgrims left England for America on a ship called the Mayflower. Pilgrims are people who
make a journey for religious reasons. Many people were leaving England at this time seeking religious
freedom. These people were called Separatists because they wanted to separate themselves from the
Church of England. It took the Pilgrims 66 days to reach the coast of New England. The journey was a
difficult one because the ship was small and space for each of the passengers was limited. After arriving
at Plymouth in 1620, the people on the Mayflower knew that they needed a form of government. In
order to keep peace, 41 men aboard the Mayflower signed an agreement in favor of making laws for the
good of the colony and agreed to obey them.


Instruction/Activities:

       The teacher will (TTW) write the word “compact” on the board. TTW ask students what they
        think the word means.
       TTW tell students that a compact is an agreement.
       TTW tell students that the Mayflower Compact was the first effective form of government in the
        colonies.
       TTW show the PowerPoint presentation.
       TTW summarize the contents of the Mayflower Compact.
       TTW ask students to name rules they must follow in the classroom.
       TTW have students to give a list of laws (rules) that would be beneficial for the colonists arriving
        on the Mayflower in 1620 as he/she writes them on the board.


Assignment:

Activity 1:
    1. Divide students into groups of 3-4 students.
    2. Students in each group will develop, and agree upon, a set of laws for a colony.
    3. Students in each group will develop a name for their make-believe colony.
    4. Each group will share their laws with the class.

Activity 2:
     1. Students, individually or in groups, will rewrite the Mayflower Compact using modern spellings
          and grammar.
     2. Students will share their modernized documents with the class.


Closure: As we have learned, the Mayflower Compact is a symbol of the first United States government.
We have learned how rules and laws help us to achieve a livable society. Does anyone have any
questions?

Extension Activities: Students will compare the Mayflower Compact with the Declaration of
Independence and the Constitution of the United States. Related activities are located on the following
websites.

    Concentration game:
    <http://www.quia.com/cc/464682.html>
    Memory game:
    <http://www.quia.com/jg/464682.html>
                                                             Era 2 - The Mayflower Compact - Page 3 of 9
   <http://gonewengland.about.com/library/puzzles/nmayflowercompactpuzzle.htm> (just for fun)


Assessment of Student Learning: Students will complete the worksheet in the electronic file labeled
“Worksheet Assessment.”


Modifications for Diverse Learners: Students will complete the worksheet in the electronic file labeled
“Worksheet– Alternate Assessment.”
                                        Era 2 - The Mayflower Compact - Page 4 of 9



   Era 2 – Mayflower Compact - PowerPoint




   The Mayflower
      Compact
The First Effective Form of
Government in the Colonies


           Era 2 - Mayflower Compact - Slide
                         1 of 5




    Vocabulary Words
     »   Government
     »   pilgrims
     »   Mayflower
     »   sovereign
     »   covenant
     »   submission
     »   obedience

           Era 2 - Mayflower Compact - Slide
                         2 of 5
                                           Era 2 - The Mayflower Compact - Page 5 of 9




    Background Information
• 102 Pilgrims left England in 1620

• Pilgrims- People who make a journey for
  religious reasons.

• These people were called separatist
  because they wanted to separate
  themselves from the Church of England.
              Era 2 - Mayflower Compact - Slide
                            3 of 5




The Journey on the Mayflower
• Took 66 days

• Ship was small

• Smelled Terrible




              Era 2 - Mayflower Compact - Slide
                            4 of 5
                                           Era 2 - The Mayflower Compact - Page 6 of 9




       Mayflower Compact
• In order to keep peace, 41 men on the
  Mayflower signed an agreement in favor to
  make laws for the good of the colony and
  to agree to obey them.




              Era 2 - Mayflower Compact - Slide
                            5 of 5
                                                               Era 2 - The Mayflower Compact - Page 7 of 9


                        Era 2 – Mayflower Compact – Assessment Worksheet 1

Name:_____________________________________Date:___________________

The Mayflower Compact
Worksheet (Assessment)


     1.   True or False: The Mayflower Compact was the first example of democratic self-rule by the
          colonists in America.


     2.   What year did the colonists leave England to come to the colonies?


     3.   Why did the Pilgrims make the journey to the Americas?


     4. The __________________ are people who wanted to separate themselves from the
        Church of England.

     5.   What is a compact?

     6.   True or False: The Mayflower Compact is a symbol of the first United States Government.



     7.   What are three rules that help keep classrooms in order?
A.
B.
C.


     8.    What are three laws/rules you feel would help a new colony?

A.
B.
C.
                                                               Era 2 - The Mayflower Compact - Page 8 of 9


                     Era 2 – The Mayflower Compact – Assessment Worksheet 2

Name:_____________________________________Date:___________________

The Mayflower Compact
Worksheet (Assessment)


     4.   True or False: The Mayflower Compact was the first example of democratic self-rule by the
          colonists in America.


     5.   What year did the colonists leave England to come to the colonies?
            a. 1960
            b. 1620


     6.   Why did the Pilgrims make the journey to the Americas?
           a. religious freedom
           b. free vacation

     4. The __________________ are people who wanted to separate themselves from the
        Church of England.
             a. runaways
             b. Separatists


     9.   What is a compact?
            a. an agreement
            b. a CD

     10. True or False: The Mayflower Compact is a symbol of the first United States Government.


     11. What are two rules that help keep classrooms in order?
A.
B.

     12. What are two laws/rules you feel would help a new colony?

A.
B.
                                                               Era 2 - The Mayflower Compact - Page 9 of 9


          Era 2 – The Mayflower Compact – Assessment Worksheet for Alternate Assessment

Name:_____________________________________Date:___________________

The Mayflower Compact
Worksheet (Assessment)


     7.   True or False: The Mayflower Compact was the first example of democratic self-rule by the
          colonists in America.


     8.   What year did the colonists leave England to come to the colonies?
            a. 1960
            b. 1620


     9.   Why did the Pilgrims make the journey to the Americas?
           a. religious freedom
           b. free vacation

     4. The __________________ are people who wanted to separate themselves from the
        Church of England.
             c. runaways
             d. Separatists


     13. What is a compact?
           a. an agreement
           b. a CD

     14. True or False: The Mayflower Compact is a symbol of the first United States government.


     15. What are two rules that help keep classrooms in order?
A.
B.

     16. What are two laws/rules you feel would help a new colony?

A.
B.

				
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