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					                                            2004-05        2005-06         2006-07        2007-08         2008-09         2009-10 s      2010-11 f
Crops sector
Grains
Winter crops
  barley                                       100.1            93.9          153.3           196.9          138.8           117.4          114.6
  canola                                        84.5            86.5          102.8           140.7          144.3           102.2          110.8
  lupins                                       105.2            99.8          135.8           171.0          145.4           116.3          114.7
  oats                                          98.2           107.8          176.6           205.7          160.5           124.8          122.4
  wheat                                         99.6           102.5          122.4           197.2          139.2           122.6          109.2
Summer crops
  sorghum                                        79.4           84.6          126.1           152.4          120.8           123.4          122.4
Total grains a                                   95.8           97.2          127.8           181.8          133.4           114.6          107.1
Cotton                                          87.0            76.5           82.5            87.3           92.6           104.1          108.7
Sugar                                           83.5            90.9          108.4            80.6           94.6           158.8          124.8
Hay                                            128.0           143.7          230.7           281.6          232.8           199.2          169.3
Fruit                                          123.9           138.3          184.0           148.4          148.2           151.1          154.9
Vegetables                                     119.1           133.8          141.3           153.7          152.9           156.0          159.9
Total crops sector                             100.7           103.4          126.8           138.5          117.7           114.5          110.6
Livestock sector
Livestock for slaughter
   cattle                                      177.2           181.3          174.3           164.6          170.4           165.9          172.3
   lambs b                                     184.5           177.7          165.6           165.9          198.8           232.6          235.5
   sheep                                       196.1           202.7          156.2           178.5          210.8           350.8          368.5
   live sheep for export                       164.1           176.1          179.1           180.7          214.2           248.7          256.9
   pigs                                        117.8           115.6          124.8           120.7          139.5           132.0          132.8
   poultry                                      91.9            83.5           84.5           109.4          120.0           111.5          113.0
   total                                       157.5           157.6          152.6           152.1          164.3           168.0          173.4
Livestock products
   wool                                        105.9           100.4          115.5           127.9          109.2           141.2          148.7
   milk                                        105.7           111.0          111.1           166.1          142.3           120.6          125.7
   eggs                                         91.5            92.5          102.0           107.5          108.5           109.6          110.7
   total                                       104.9           105.8          112.4           147.2          127.7           125.9          131.2
Store and breeding stock                       157.5           157.6          152.7           152.1          163.3           163.1          165.3
Total livestock sector                         135.6           136.0          135.4           147.6          148.2           149.7          154.8
Total prices received                          116.4           118.1          129.9           141.8          130.7           129.6          129.5




 a Total for the group includes commodities not separately listed. b Lamb saleyard indicator weight 18-20kg to 2002-03, 18-22kg from 2003-04. s ABARE
 estimate. f ABARE forecast.
 Note: 1 ABARE revised the method for calculating these indexes in October 1999. The indexes for commodity groups are calculated on a chained weight basis
 using Fisher's ideal index with a reference year of 1997-98 = 100. Indexes for most individual commodities are based on annual gross unit value of production.
                                           2004-05        2005-06        2006-07        2007-08        2008-09        2009-10 s      2010-11 f

                         a                     92.2           91.3           95.6            91.4           87.9           91.6           89.1
Materials and services
Seed, fodder and livestock
  fodder and feedstuffs                       140.4          126.4          151.7          195.3          165.2          148.6          145.0
  seed, seedlings and plants                   95.3           93.8          109.9          135.0          119.1          112.2          110.2
  store and breeding stock                    157.5          157.6          152.7          153.0          163.3          172.9          179.6
  total                                       140.3          130.8          147.2          178.0          159.4          150.3          149.3
Chemicals                                     111.9          114.6          124.7          149.7          136.7          116.2          118.4
Electricity                                   101.3          104.6          107.6          111.3          121.4          140.8          145.0
Fertiliser                                    108.8          111.6          121.4          220.4          239.6          155.8          163.6
Fuel and lubricants                           167.2          210.6          208.3          243.7          211.0          191.2          195.0
Total                                         128.7          130.9          140.3          170.8          163.4          147.8          150.3
Labor                                         125.7          129.7          133.5          138.0          142.6          147.3          151.7
Marketing                                     121.5          125.4          129.1          143.2          137.1          133.8          139.2
Overheads
Insurance                                     131.9          135.1          139.4          143.5          155.6          168.7          172.8
Interest paid                                 120.9          123.8          127.8          142.6          116.7          111.1          116.7
Rates and taxes                               124.8          128.9          132.7          137.3          141.6          145.0          149.3
Other overheads                               121.0          124.8          128.5          132.8          137.1          140.6          144.8
Total                                         123.5          126.8          130.8          141.8          126.6          124.4          129.6
Capital items                                 124.4          128.4          132.3          136.8          141.1          144.8          149.3
Total prices paid                             126.3          129.4          135.9          155.1          148.6          141.4          145.3
Excluding capital items                       126.5          129.4          136.2          157.3          149.5          141.1          144.9
Excluding capital and overheads               127.2          129.9          137.6          161.7          156.3          145.9          149.1
Excluding seed, fodder and
   store and breeding stock                   123.6          129.2          133.6          150.3          146.4          139.5          144.4




 a Ratio of index of prices received by farmers and index of prices paid by farmers. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
 Note: 1 ABARE revised the method for calculating these indexes in October 1999. The indexes for commodity groups are calculated on a chained weight basis
 using Fisher's ideal index with a reference year of 1997-98 = 100. 2 Prices used in these calculations exclude GST.
                                                  unit        2005-06        2006-07         2007-08         2008-09     2009-10 s   2010-11 f
Costs
Materials and services
  chemicals                                        $m            1 749           1 545           1 901           1 741     1 453       1 503
  fertiliser                                       $m            1 843           1 659           3 034           3 309     2 121       2 253
  fuel and lubricants                              $m            2 223           2 199           2 551           2 204     1 964       2 014
  marketing                                        $m            3 675           2 744           3 180           3 769     3 820       4 015
  repairs and maintenance                          $m            2 602           2 466           3 073           3 079     3 133       3 350
  seed and fodder                                  $m            3 827           4 955           6 177           5 171     4 663       4 640
  other                                            $m            3 692           3 543           3 659           3 835     3 986       4 151
   total                                           $m           19 611          19 111          23 575          23 107    21 140      21 925
Labor                                              $m            3 778           3 654           3 667           3 799     3 902       4 042
Overheads
   interest paid                                   $m            3 249           3 848           4 901           4 331     4 455       4 911
   rent and third party insurance                  $m              446             447             462             477       488         503
Total                                              $m            7 473           7 950           9 030           8 607     8 845       9 456
Total cash costs                                   $m           27 084          27 060          32 605          31 714    29 985      31 382
Depreciation a                                     $m            4 255           4 383           4 532           4 676     4 798       4 945
Total farm costs                                   $m           31 339          31 443          37 137          36 390    34 783      36 327
Returns
Gross value of farm production                     $m           38 676          36 652          43 715          42 091    41 331      42 445
Gross farm cash income b                           $m           38 310          37 416          43 402          37 982    41 331      42 445
Net returns and production
Net value of farm production c                     $m            7 337           5 209           6 578           5 701     6 548       6 118
Real net value of farm production d                $m            8 243           5 687           6 945           5 837     6 548       5 940
Net farm cash income e                             $m           11 226          10 356          10 797           6 268    11 346      11 063
Real net farm cash income d                        $m           12 613          11 305          11 400           6 417    11 346      10 741




 a Based on estimated movements in capital expenditure and prices of capital inputs. b
 marketing organisations. c Gross value of farm production less total farm costs. d In 2009-10 Australian dollars.
 e Gross farm cash income less total cash costs. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
 Note: Prices used in these calculations exclude GST.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Annual indexes a                             2004-05         2005-06         2006-07    2007-08    2008-09    2009-10 s   2010-11 f
Farm                                            105.0           104.4           109.7      121.8      122.5      109.4       110.3
Energy minerals                                 166.1           226.0           206.6      235.8      398.3      260.1       315.9
Metals and other minerals                       125.4           162.1           203.4      200.6      225.9      200.6       240.0
Total mineral resources                         141.2           186.8           205.5      214.8      290.7     223.6       269.4
Total commodities                               129.8           160.4           174.7      184.4      238.2     187.5       220.2


 a In Australian dollars. Base: 1989-90 = 100. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
 Source:ABARE.
                                           2005-06         2006-07        2007-08        2008-09         2009-10 s      2010-11 f
                                               $m              $m             $m             $m              $m             $m
At current prices
Rural
Cereal grains and products                    4 852           4 171          4 975          6 881           5 095          4 463
Sugar and honey                               1 765           1 671          1 158          1 500           1 961          1 897
Meat and meat preparations                    6 709           7 080          6 542          7 454           6 632          7 232
Wool and sheepskins                           2 539           3 065          2 796          2 322           2 266          2 333
Other rural a                                14 566          14 413         14 500         15 760          14 086         14 781
Total                                        30 431          30 400         29 971         33 917          30 040         30 706
Mineral resources
Coal, coke and briquettes                    24 352          21 928         24 599         54 957          35 843         50 463
Other mineral fuels                          13 220          15 641         18 889         20 707          17 870         18 654
Metalliferous ores and
   other minerals bs                         29 772         36 041          41 964         52 597         48 965          66 910
Gold                                          9 087         10 740          12 272         17 508         14 773          18 312
Other metals cs                              14 863         22 330          18 453         14 346         13 431          14 197
Total s                                      91 294        106 680         116 177        160 115        130 883         168 536
Total commodities sector s                  121 725        137 080         146 148        194 032        160 923         199 242
Other merchandise s                          32 310         32 444          36 804         37 438             na              na
Total merchandise s                         154 035        169 524         182 952        231 470             na              na
Services                                     41 641         45 956          50 645         52 873             na              na
Total goods and services                    195 676        215 480         233 597        284 343              na             na
Chain volume measures d
Rural
Cereal grains and products                    8 168           6 196          4 975          7 363           7 630          8 588
Sugar and honey                               1 317           1 240          1 158          1 051           1 075          1 111
Meat and meat preparations                    6 220           6 771          6 543          6 708           6 328          5 951
Wool and sheepskins                           3 271           3 454          2 796          2 505           2 468          2 355
Other rural a                                15 194          15 212         14 500         16 270          15 341         15 365
Total                                        34 170          32 873         29 972         33 897          32 843         33 370
Mineral resources
Coal, coke and briquettes                    22 473          23 748         24 599         23 136          26 110         28 612
Other mineral fuels                          15 725          18 910         18 890         19 608          20 555         23 100
Metalliferous ores and
   other minerals bs                         37 048         37 258          41 964         42 764         47 861          51 281
Gold                                         11 636         11 906          12 272         13 522         10 755          13 624
Other metals cs                              18 710         18 737          18 453         19 003         17 233          18 971
Total s                                     105 591        110 559         116 178        118 032        122 514         135 588
Total commodities sector s                  139 762        143 432         146 150        151 930        155 357         168 957
Other merchandise s                          30 839         33 335          36 801         33 059             na              na
Total merchandise s                         170 601        176 767         182 951        184 989             na              na
Services                                     43 977         47 242          50 645         51 181             na              na
Total goods and services                    216 253        224 872         233 597        236 168              na             na




 a Includes other farm, forest and fisheries products. Includes exports of wine and of paper and paperboard, which are not included in this
 balance of payments item by the ABS. b Includes diamonds, which are not included in this balance of payments item by the ABS. c Includes
 ABARE estimates for steel and nickel which are retained as confidential by the ABS. d For a description of chain volume measures, see ABS,
 Introduction of chain volume measures,in the Australian National Accounts, cat. no. 5248.0, Canberra. Reference year is 2007-08. s ABARE
                                                  unit       2004-05         2005-06         2006-07         2007-08         2008-09
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
  agriculture                                      $m          26 328          27 123          21 899          23 616          26 874
  forestry and fishing                             $m           1 259           1 275           1 253           1 286           1 304
  total                                            $m          27 362          28 147          23 152          24 901          28 178
Mining
  mining (excludes services to mining)             $m          69 622          70 455          75 739          77 021          78 953
  services to mining                               $m           5 152           5 161           5 677           6 363           6 137
  total                                            $m          74 793          75 613          81 416          83 384          85 090
Manufacturing
 food, beverage and tobacco                        $m          19 812          19 668          19 847          19 769          19 804
 textile, clothing, footwear and leather           $m           3 380           3 153           3 102           2 961           2 567
 wood and paper products                           $m           7 331           7 044           6 875           6 591           6 161
 printing, publishing and recorded media           $m          10 600          10 400          10 645          10 949          10 302
 petroleum, coal, chemical, etc.                   $m          15 528          14 896          14 704          15 061          13 600
                                                   $m           4 618           5 148           5 257           5 533           5 366
  metal products                                   $m          16 751          16 582          18 322          20 350          19 652
  machinery and equipment                          $m          19 681          20 560          20 509          21 020          20 510
  other manufacturing                              $m           4 463           4 032           4 028           4 490           4 331
  total                                            $m         101 845         101 319         103 293         106 724         102 290
Building and construction                          $m          63 491          68 746          72 407          77 094          79 205
Electricity, gas and water supply                  $m          21 827          22 117          21 854          21 843          22 892
Taxes less subsidies on products                   $m          79 285          80 906          83 172          85 080          84 013
Statistical discrepancy                            $m                0               0               1                          5 627
Gross domestic product                             $m         982 786       1 012 269       1 045 674       1 084 451       1 095 370




 a Chain volume measures, reference year is 2007-08.
 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product,cat. no. 5206.0, Canberra.
                                           2005-06        2006-07        2007-08        2008-09         2009-10 s      2010-11 f
Farm
Grains and oilseeds                           133.1            58.2           88.2          116.4          115.2          117.0
Total crops                                   118.7            84.5          104.5          116.0          115.6          121.4
Livestock slaughterings                       108.5           115.5          113.8          113.0          111.8          111.0
Total livestock                               102.4           105.2          102.5          101.3           98.5           98.4
Total farm sector                             110.9            95.0          104.3          109.6          108.0          110.7
Forestry a
Broadleaved                                   121.8           124.2          130.1          120.8          113.9          117.4
Coniferous                                    130.5           132.4          136.3          117.5          121.4          124.8
Total forestry                                126.2           128.4          133.3          119.5          118.2          121.7
Mine b
Energy minerals                               111.6           118.8          116.7          121.9          129.0          137.9
Metals and other minerals                     124.2           124.2          124.7          119.7          123.8          135.9
Total minerals                                118.0           121.3          120.7          120.9          126.6          137.2



 a Volume of logs harvested excluding firewood. b Uranium is included with energy. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
 Note: ABARE revised the method for calculating production indexes in October 1999. The indexes for the different groups of commodities are
 calculated on a chained weight basis using Fishers' ideal index with a reference year of 1997-98 = 100.
 Sources:ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics.
                                           2003-04        2004-05        2005-06         2006-07        2007-08       2008-09 p

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
  agriculture                                   317            307             300            306              301        318
  forestry and logging                            9              9               8              8                8          7
  commercial fishing c                           16             14              12             10               14          9
  total (including services)                    367            357             348            350              353        358
Mining
  coal                                           21              23             29             27               26         34
  oil and gas extraction                          6               7              9             10               11         14
  metal ore                                      37              34             42             45               46         48
  other mining (including services)              31              42             49             53               62         70
  total                                          96            105             129            135              145        167
Manufacturing
  food, beverages and tobacco                   193            217             205            214              228        224
  textiles, clothing, footwear and leather       65             55              56             50               50         48
  wood and paper product                         84             77              77             78               69         67
  printing, publishing and recorded media        58             58              52             51               54         51
  petroleum, coal and chemical product          100             92              88             92               98         90
                                                 44             36              38             36               42         39
  metal product                                 156            138             161            161              158        155
  other manufacturing                           334            379             347            342              358        344
  total                                       1 033          1 051           1 025          1 024             1 056     1 017
Other industries                              8 015          8 254           8 568          8 843             9 067     9 199
Total                                         9 510          9 767         10 070          10 353         10 621       10 741




 a Average employment over four quarters. b ANZSIC 2006. c Includes aquaculture and fishing. p Preliminary.
 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Labour Force, Australia, cat. no. 6291.0, Canberra.
                                                 2004-05          2005-06          2006-07          2007-08          2008-09
                                                     $m               $m               $m               $m               $m
Farm
Net value of farm production                        7 303            7 337             5 209            6 578            5 701
Company profits in selected industries a
Mining                                   18 257                     36 432           40 311           40 184           67 402
Manufacturing
  food, beverages and tobacco              5 207                     5 237            4 532             5 757            6 166
  textiles, clothing, footwear and leather   471                       481              548               501              245
  wood and paper product                   1 106                       988            1 085             1 184              729
  printing, publishing and recorded media    608                       528              578               620              170
  petroleum, coal and chemical product     4 555                     5 074            3 859             6 192            2 484
                                             952                     1 240            1 108             1 359              978
  metal product                            5 635                     5 234           10 004             7 924            2 761
  machinery and equipment                  2 641                     2 572            1 640             1 937            2 745
  other manufacturing                        651                       603              762               851              637
   total                                           21 826           21 957           24 116           26 325           16 915
Other industries (including services)              96 689           80 359           87 113           97 014           73 815
Total (including services)                       136 772           138 748          151 540          163 523          158 132




 a Company profits before income tax, based on ANZSIC 2006.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product, cat. no.
 5206.0, Canberra; Australian Bureau of Statistics, Company Profits, Australia,cat. no. 5651.0, Canberra; Australian Bureau of
 Statistics, Business Indicators, Australia,cat. no. 5676.0, Canberra; Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Industry, cat. no. 8155.0,
 Canberra.
                                                 2007-08                                           2008-09                            2009-10
                                              Mar.            June              Sep.            Dec.                Mar.   June    Sep.         Dec.
                                               $b               $b               $b              $b                  $b      $b     $b           $b
Agriculture, fishing
  and forestry                                 52.1            53.7             54.1             56.1               55.5    56.1    55.5         56.0
Mining                                         12.7            11.7             13.0             15.0               12.9    11.5    10.7         13.9
Manufacturing                                  44.7            44.6             46.8             48.9               49.9    43.7    41.3         40.4
Construction                                   30.9            30.5             31.5             30.8               32.5    31.5    29.9         29.7
Wholesale, retail trade,
  transport and storage                       84.9             87.2             95.1            98.7             96.1       90.7    89.5         89.4
Finance and insurance                        125.0            123.7            128.8           133.6            142.6      136.9   131.5        129.8
Other                                        288.9            298.2            310.6           318.3            321.6      320.6   317.5        311.2
Total                                        639.3            649.6            679.9           701.5            711.0      691.0   675.8        670.4



  a Includes variable and fixed interest rate loans outstanding plus bank bills outstanding.
  Source:Reserve Bank of Australia, Bank Lending to Business - Selected Statistics,Bulletin Statistical Table D8.
                                             2003-04         2004-05         2005-06         2006-07         2007-08        2008-09
                                                 $m              $m              $m              $m              $m             $m
Rural debt
All banks a                                    34 115          39 261          43 546          47 188          53 743          56 084
Other government agencies b                       891             977           1 073           1 286           1 409           1 620
Pastoral and other
    finance companies                            3 379          3 112           3 454           4 592           5 126           4 462
Large finance institutional debt               38 385          43 350          48 073          53 066          60 278          62 167
Other farm debt cs                              2 067              na              na              na              na              na
Total rural debt                               40 452               na             na              na              na              na
Deposits
Farm management deposits                         2 619          2 792           2 797           2 782           2 879           2 843



 a Derived from all banks lending to agriculture, fishing and forestry. b Includes the government agency business of state banks and advances
 made under War Service Land Settlement. Prior to 1996 includes loans from the Queensland Industry Development Corporation. From 1996
 these loans are included in bank lending. c Includes loans from life insurance companies, lease agreements and indebtedness to hire
 purchase companies, trade creditors, private lenders and small financial institutions. s ABARE estimate. na Not available.
 Sources: ABARE; Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry; Reserve Bank of Australia, Estimated Rural Debt to Specified Lenders,Bulletin
 Statistical Table D9.
                                              2004-05         2005-06         2006-07         2007-08          2008-09
                                                  $m              $m              $m              $m               $m
At current prices
Gross fixed capital formation a
All sectors                                    248 255         279 355         304 345         343 189         363 848
New capital expenditure
Mining b                                   10 843               19 659          23 621           29 201          37 977
Manufacturing
  food, beverages and tobacco               2 386                 2 419           2 256           2 596           2 492
  textiles, clothing, footwear and leather    228                   157             139             112             118
  wood and paper product                      733                   835             759             928             897
  printing, publishing and recorded media     323                   502             353             396             450
  petroleum, coal and chemical product      2 376                 2 412           1 767           2 126           2 239
                                              502                   571             467             474             609
  metal product                             3 481                 4 976           4 761           4 137           4 608
  machinery and equipment                   1 570                 2 058           1 436           1 110           1 160
  other manufacturing                          80                   100              58             164             108
   total                                        11 675          14 032          12 106           12 340          12 682
Total surveyed industries                       64 369          80 611          87 475           96 773        113 121
Chain volume measures c
Gross fixed capital formation a
All sectors                                    271 689         295 482         311 432         343 189         357 575
New capital expenditure
Mining                                          12 345          21 480          24 512           29 200          36 714
Manufacturing                                   11 816          14 033          11 940           12 340          12 159
Other selected industries                       40 539          45 950          50 492           55 230          61 376
Total surveyed industries                       65 560          81 652          87 038           96 771        110 248




 a Estimates taken from ABS national accounts, which include taxation based statistics. b ANZSIC 2006 Division B.
 c Reference year is 2007-08.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product, cat. no.
 5206.0, Canberra; Australian Bureau of Statistics, Private New Capital Expenditure and Expected Expenditure, Australia, cat. no.
                                               2003-04         2004-05         2005-06          2006-07         2007-08      2008-09
                                                   $m              $m              $m               $m              $m           $m
At current prices
Energy
Petroleum
   onshore                                        230.5            270.1           355.8           498.2            493.8       492.3
   offshore                                       713.6            774.6           906.1          1727.3          2 541.1     3 318.4
   total                                          944.1          1 044.7         1 261.9         2 225.5          3 034.9     3 810.7
Coal                                                81.5           126.8           166.4           193.2            234.8      297.3
Uranium                                             10.6            20.7            56.1           114.1            231.5      185.2
Total                                           1 036.2          1 192.2         1 484.4         2 532.8          3 501.2     4 293.2
Metals and other minerals a
Gold                                              397.1            391.7           399.6           455.9            592.6      438.0
Iron ore                                           63.7            137.9           161.3           285.4            449.8      588.7
Base metals, silver and cobalt b                  151.9            261.3           356.7           555.0            783.2      519.1
Mineral sands                                      23.8             27.6            29.2            37.3             37.0       30.6
Diamonds                                           25.9             23.7            22.6            26.9             21.7       10.0
Other                                              32.2             38.7            48.8            46.8            110.8      154.3
Total metals and other minerals a                 694.6            880.9         1 018.2         1 407.3          1 995.1     1 740.7
Total expenditure                               1 730.8          2 073.1         2 502.6         3 940.1          5 496.3     6 033.9




 a Uranium is included with energy. b Base metals include copper, lead, nickel and zinc.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics, Mineral and Petroleum Exploration, Australia, cat. no. 8412.0, Canberra.
                                                 unit       2005-06        2006-07         2007-08         2008-09        2009-10 s       2010-11 f
Crops
Wheat a                                        US$/t             176            212             362            271             209             180
Corn b                                         US$/t             104            151             201            190             163             154
Rice c                                         US$/t             301            320             551            609             552             483
Soybeans d                                     US$/t             261            335             549            421             404             352
Cotton e                                      USc/lb             56.0           58.1            72.9           61.2            77.6            82.5
Sugar g                                       USc/lb             15.8           11.7            13.7           15.9            22.0            18.0
Livestock products
Beef h                                        USc/kg             277             282            289             307            319             347
Wool i                                         Ac/kg             713             864            945             794            868             900
Butter j                                       US$/t           1 998           2 023          4 027           2 485          3 423           3 363
Cheese j                                       US$/t           2 792           3 004          5 073           3 281          3 727           3 840
Skim milk powder j                             US$/t           2 175           3 188          4 204           2 333          2 944           3 058
Energy
Crude oil
   Dubai                                     US$/bbl           57.75           60.86          90.19           63.88           72.22          69.45
   West Texas Intermediate                   US$/bbl           64.24           63.32          96.73           68.83           74.98          72.35
   brent                                     US$/bbl           62.47           63.93          95.37           67.18           73.34          70.52
   world trade weighted average k            US$/bbl           57.25           59.45          91.97           66.05           71.92          68.96
Uranium (U3O8) l                              US$/lb           36.79           81.17          80.75           51.25           43.75          45.17
Minerals and metals m
Aluminium                                     US$/t            2 245          2 692           2 665           1 781          1 994           2 018
Copper                                        US$/t            5 062          7 087           7 791           4 936          6 552           6 650
Gold n                                      US$/oz               527            639             823             874          1 091           1 043
Iron ore (negotiated) o                   USc/dmtu             61.72          73.45           80.43          144.67          97.00              na
Lead                                          US$/t            1 061          1 694           2 893           1 454          2 093           1 763
Manganese (negotiated) q                   US$/mtu              3.98           3.00            2.70           11.20           3.50              na
Nickel                                        US$/t           15 510         37 909          28 564          13 322         19 438          18 500
Silver r                                    USc/oz               928          1 274           1 544           1 289          1 686           1 758
Tin                                           US$/t            7 403         11 455          18 529          13 576         16 168          16 745
Zinc                                          US$/t            2 118          3 672           2 599           1 401          2 001           1 873




 a US hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf. b US no. 2 yellow corn, delivered US Gulf. c Prices previously reported by the Thailand Board of Trade are no longer
 available. From September 1998 the price quoted is the USDA sourced nominal quote for Thai white rice, 100 per cent, Grade B, fob, Bangkok (August
 basis). d US cif Rotterdam (October September basis). e Cotlook 'A' index. g Average of monthly averages of New York no.11 spot price; basis: fob
 Caribbean ports (October-September basis). h US cif price. i Australian Wool Exchange eastern market indicator. j Average of traded prices (excluding
 subsidised sales). k World trade weighted average price compiled by the US Department of Energy. Official sales prices or estimated contract terms for
 major internationally traded crude oils. l Average of weekly restricted spot prices over the period, published by Ux Consulting. m Average LME spot price
 unless otherwise stated. n London gold fix, London Bullion Market Association. o Australian hematite fines to Japan (fob) for Japanese fiscal year
 commencing 1 April. q Japanese fiscal year commencing 1 April. r London silver fix, London Bullion Market Association. Prior to March 2001, Handy and
 Harman, commercial bar price used. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast. na Not available.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Australian Dairy Corporation; Meat and Livestock Australia; Australian Wool Exchange; Cotlook Ltd; Food and
 Agriculture Organisation; General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; International Energy Agency; International Wheat Council; I STA Mielke and Co.; London
 Bullion Market Association; The London Metal Exchange Ltd; New York Board of Trade; Reuters Ltd; Ux Consulting Company; Platt s Oilgram; US Department
 of Agriculture; US Department of Energy; World Bureau of Metal Statistics.
                                                 unit        2005-06         2006-07        2007-08         2008-09         2009-10 s       2010-11 f
Crops b
Grains and oilseeds
Winter crops
   barley                                          $/t            149             244            313             221             187             182
   canola                                          $/t            334             397            543             557             394             427
   field peas                                      $/t            222             283            548             426             209             211
   lupins                                          $/t            195             266            335             285             228             224
   oats                                            $/t            147             241            281             219             171             167
   triticale                                       $/t            143             223            252             174             139             137
   wheat                                           $/t            203             242            390             275             242             216
Summer crops
   maize                                           $/t            195             249            222             188             192             185
   rice                                            $/t            283             346            414             582             528             517
   sorghum                                         $/t            143             213            258             204             209             207
   soybeans c                                      $/t            301             377            554             382             409             305
   sunflower seed c                                $/t            428             828            814             355             433             470
Industrial crops
Cotton lint d                                    c/kg             178             177            191             193             205             220
Sugar cane (cut for crushing)                     $/t              28              34             26              32              51              38
Wine grapes                                       $/t             616             881            787             527             520             517
Livestock for slaughter
Beef e                                           c/kg             322             292            286             296             288             299
             e                                   c/kg             366             329            324             330             327             341
     e                                           c/kg             332             318            308             315             305             314
         e                                       c/kg             288             255            253             269             257             269
Lamb eg                                          c/kg             347             326            335             424             463             470
Mutton e                                         c/kg             175             136            159             199             309             325
Pig e                                            c/kg             232             255            240             330             312             314
Poultry h                                        c/kg             498             490            534             549             544             548
Livestock products
Wool i                                           c/kg            713             864             945             794            868             900
Milk j                                            c/L            33.1            33.2            49.6            42.5           36.0            37.5




  a Average gross unit value across all grades in principal markets, unless otherwise indicated. Includes the cost of containers, commission and other expenses
  incurred in getting the commodities to their principal markets. These expenses are significant. b Average unit gross value relates to returns received from
  crops harvested in that year, regardless of when sales take place, unless otherwise indicated. c Price paid by crusher. d Australian base price for sales in the
  financial year indicated. e Average saleyard price (dressed weight). g Lamb saleyard weight indicator 18-22kg. h Retail price, fresh whole chickens. i Australian
  Wool Exchange eastern market indicator. j Weighted average farmgate price. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
  Note: Prices used in these calculation exclude GST.
  Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics.
                              unit   2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
Farm
Grains
Wheat
   production                  Mt        621       598       609       686       675         658
   consumption                 Mt        625       611       613       640       645         652
   closing stocks              Mt        136       123       120       166       196         202
   exports b                   Mt        110       111       110       136       120         117
Coarse grains
   production                  Mt        979       985     1 076     1 100     1 102       1 123
   consumption                 Mt        990     1 007     1 056     1 073     1 102       1 118
   closing stocks              Mt        166       139       160       189       190         192
   exports b                   Mt        107       118       127       107       111         113
Rice
   production c                Mt        418       421       433       446       435         460
   consumption c               Mt        413       418       426       435       435         451
   closing stocks c            Mt         76        75        80        91        86          97

   exports bd                  Mt         31        31        28        30        31          31
Oilseeds and vegetable oils
Oilseeds
   production                  Mt        391       404       392       397       438         439
   consumption                 Mt        384       393       400       403       416         436
   closing stocks              Mt         65        74        62        55        75          77
   exports                     Mt         76        83        93        94       101         104
Vegetable oils
   production                  Mt        119       122       128       133       139         147
   consumption                 Mt        116       122       125       129       137         144
   closing stocks              Mt         11        10        10        13        12          13
   exports                     Mt         47        49        52        55        57          60
Vegetable protein meals
   production                  Mt        216       224       231       230       240         251
   consumption                 Mt        216       223       230       229       237         248
   closing stocks              Mt          8         8         7         6         7           8
   exports                     Mt         66        68        71        69        71          74
Industrial crops
Cotton
   production                  Mt         25        27        26        23        22          25
   consumption                 Mt         25        27        27        24        25          26
   closing stocks              Mt         14        14        14        14        11          11
   exports                     Mt         10         8         8         7         8           8
Sugar
   production                  Mt        150       166       167       152       160         174
   consumption                 Mt        153       157       161       164       166         170
   closing stocks              Mt         56        66        72        61        55          59
   exports                     Mt         48        49        49        49        52          49
                                                                                           Continued
                        unit   2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
Livestock products
Meat deg
   production            Mt       240       249       250       251       248          246
   consumption           Mt       236       238       246       250       247          245
   closing stocks        Mt        2.3       3.9       4.4       4.6       4.9          4.8
   exports b             Mt       20.8      21.9      23.9      22.3      20.6         20.5
Wool h
   production             kt     1 241     1 229     1 201     1 117     1 109       1 104
   consumption di         kt     1 196     1 210     1 165     1 000     1 050       1 100
  closing stocks j        kt       165        75        55        65       70           65
  exports k               kt       567       590       553       482      464          457
Butter dg
   production             kt     7 112     7 539     7 820     8 017     8 239       8 400
   consumption            kt     6 801     7 247     7 440     7 641     7 944       8 100
   closing stocks         kt       283       204       240       354       332         260
   exports                kt       754       812       696       644       708         740
Skim milk powder gl
   production d           kt     3 302     3 479     3 516     3 669     3 546       3 650
   consumption d          kt     3 160     3 148     3 203     3 132     3 228       3 350
   closing stocks d       kt       278       268       331       619       577         360
   exports                kt     1 013     1 141     1 103     1 018     1 157       1 200
Energy d
Crude oil
Production
   world m              mbd       85.4      85.7      86.5      84.9      86.5         88.7
   OPEC n               mbd       34.3      34.9      35.8      33.6      34.3         36.0
Consumption m           mbd       85.2      86.5      86.2      84.9      86.5         88.7
   OECD o               days      53.0      51.0       na        na        na           na
Coal d
Production
   hard coal q           Mt      5 087     5 306     5 715     5 900     6 050       6 225
   brown coal            Mt        937       945       950       955       937         920
Exports
   metallurgical coal    Mt        210       227       238       211      231          250
   thermal coal          Mt        673       696       704       737      778          806
Uranium (U3O8) d
Production rs             kt      46.9      48.6      51.6      58.0      57.8         64.9
Consumption               kt      77.2      77.7      76.2      77.4      80.7         83.9
Metals d
Bauxite production        kt   191 655   209 014   218 491   189 142   205 984     259 039
Alumina production        kt    72 790    79 619    78 905    76 500    83 312      87 810
Aluminium
   production             kt    33 975    38 137    39 296    36 390    39 155      41 722
   consumption            kt    33 954    37 564    37 020    35 298    38 439      41 920
   closing stocks t       kt     2 764     2 961     4 709     5 801     6 517       6 319
                                                                                     Continued
                                                   unit        2005-06         2006-07         2007-08          2008-09         2009-10 s       2010-11 f
Iron and steel d
Production
                                                     Mt           1 498           1 664            1 725           1 767           1 901            2 045
   pig iron                                          Mt             881             946              926             924           1 014            1 090
   crude steel                                       Mt           1 250           1 344            1 330           1 220           1 336            1 436
Iron ore trade                                       Mt             762             823              882             932           1 009            1 109
Gold d
Mine production                                        t          2 486           2 474            2 409           2 572           2 641            2 720
Supply                                                 t          3 984           3 940            3 957           4 287           3 931            3 530
Fabrication consumption v                              t          2 947           3 089            2 889           2 417           2 472            2 549
Base metals d
Copper
   production w                                       kt         17 343          18 029          18 484           18 596          18 545          19 296
   consumption                                        kt         16 974          18 109          18 102           18 349          18 280          19 335
   closing stocks                                     kt            703             668             808              990           1 255           1 216
Lead
   production w                                       kt          7 935           8 121            8 653           8 721           9 331            9 742
   consumption                                        kt          8 063           8 177            8 648           8 624           9 185            9 644
   closing stocks                                     kt            270             265              306             388             414              522
Nickel
   production w                                       kt          1 352           1 430            1 396           1 334           1 350            1 466
   consumption                                        kt          1 392           1 326            1 278           1 241           1 368            1 447
   closing stocks                                     kt             87             125              155             164             146              165
Tin
   production w                                       kt            351             349              332             333             338              346
   consumption                                        kt            363             357              337             322             334              344
   closing stocks                                     kt             33              35               32              45              49               51
Zinc
   production w                                       kt         10 655          11 360          11 655           11 287          11 738          12 267
   consumption                                        kt         11 015          11 307          11 438           10 854          11 505          12 253
   closing stocks                                     kt            548             580             764              923           1 156           1 170
Mineral sands d
Production
   ilmenite x                                         kt         11 624          12 075          11 330           11 444          11 734          12 567
   titaniferous slag                                  kt          2 419           2 525           2 166            2 320           2 610           2 650
   rutile concentrate                                 kt            532             600             609              572             688             759
   zircon concentrate                                 kt          1 288           1 301           1 235            1 244           1 191           1 372




 a Some figures are not based on precise or complete analyses. b Includes intra EU trade. c Milled equivalent. d On a calendar year basis, e.g. 1991-92 = 1992.
 Beef and veal, mutton, lamb, goat, pig and poultry meat. g Selected countries. h Clean equivalent. i Virgin wool at the spinning stage in 65 countries. j Held by
 marketing bodies and on-farm in five major exporting countries. k Five major exporting countries.
 l Nonfat dry milk. m Includes crude oil, marine bunkers, refinery fuel, nonconventional oil and natural gas liquids. 1 million litres a year equal s about 17.2 barrels
 a day. n Includes OPEC natural gas liquids. o Industry stocks in OECD countries at the start of the financial year. q Includes anthracite and bituminous coal, and
 for the United States, Australia and New Zealand, sub-bituminous coal. r World production data has been revised to exclude reprocessed uranium. t LME and
 producer stocks. u China's iron ore production adjusted to world average. v Includes jewellery consumption. w Primary refined metal. x Excludes some small
 producers and large tonnages produced from ilmenite magnetite ore in the Commonwealth of Independent States. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
 Not available.
 Sources:ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Meat and Livestock Australia; Commodities Research Unit; Commonwealth Secretariat; Co nsolidated Gold Fields;
 Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Australia; Economic Commission for Europe; Fearnleys; Food and Agriculture Organisation; Gold Fields
 Mineral Services; International Atomic Energy Agency; International Energy Agency; International Iron and Steel Institute; In ternational Lead Zinc Study Group;
 International Nickel Study Group; International Sugar Organization; International Grains Council; ISTA Mielke and Co.; Metall gesellschaft A.G.; Ministry of
 Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Japan); New Zealand Dairy Board; New Zealand Wool Board; UNCTAD Trust Fund on Iron Ore; United Nations; Uruguayan
 Association of Wool Exporters; US Department of Agriculture; World Bureau of Metal Statistics.
                                unit   2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
Crops
Grains and oilseeds
Winter crops
   barley                         kt     9 482     4 257     7 160     7 997     8 098       7 294
   canola                         kt     1 419       573     1 214     1 844     1 910       1 960
   chickpeas                      kt       150       229       313       443       445         602
   field peas                     kt       585       140       268       238       356         280
   lupins                         kt     1 285       470       662       708       614         629
   oats                           kt     1 688       748     1 502     1 160     1 244       1 374
   triticale                      kt       830       199       450       363       545         502
   wheat                          kt    25 150    10 822    13 569    21 420    21 656      22 138
Summer crops
   cottonseed s                   kt       844       388       188       466       550         733
   maize                          kt       362       239       387       376       327         341
   rice                           kt     1 003       163        18        61       205         270
   sorghum                        kt     1 929     1 283     3 790     2 692     1 228       1 415
   soybeans                       kt        55        32        35       102        60          78
   sunflower seed                 kt        98        18        73        80        41          46
   other oilseeds a               kt        63        46        68        53        41          41
Total grains and oilseeds         kt    44 943    19 608    29 695    38 002    37 319      37 701
Industrial crops
Cotton lint                       kt       597       301       133       329       389         518
Sugar cane (cut for crushing)     kt    37 128    36 397    32 621    30 284    31 457      33 879
Sugar (tonnes actual)             kt     5 063     5 026     4 763     4 634     4 519       4 604
Wine grapes                       kt     1 873     1 410     1 837     1 684     1 617       1 783
Livestock slaughterings
Number slaughtered
Cattle and calves                        8 401     9 081     8 799     8 702     8 504       8 373
Cattle exported live b                     549       638       713       856       906         850
Sheep                                   11 830    13 271    11 929    11 282     8 650       8 600
Lambs                                   18 666    20 158    20 899    20 767    20 200      20 100
Sheep exported live b                    4 248     4 138     4 069     4 064     3 200       3 200
Pigs                                     5 370     5 322     5 217     4 522     4 584       4 691
Meat produced
Beef and veal c                   kt     2 077     2 226     2 155     2 148     2 147       2 126
Lamb c                            kt       382       413       435       423       423         412
Mutton c                          kt       244       271       258       235       190         181
Pig meat                          kt       389       382       377       324       331         339
Poultry meat c                    kt       817       855       835       866       870         905
Total                             kt     3 909     4 147     4 061     3 997     3 960       3 963
                                                                                             Continued
                                        unit       2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
Livestock products
Wool d                                    kt           520       502       459       420       374         375
Milk e                                   ML         10 089     9 583     9 223     9 388     8 960       9 150
Butter g                                  kt           146       133       128       148       126         127
Cheese                                    kt           373       364       361       342       325         332
Casein                                    kt            12         8        10        10         8           8
Skim milk powder h                        kt           205       191       164       212       178         183
Whole milk powder                         kt           158       135       142       148       129         129
Buttermilk powder                         kt            16        14        13        15        13          13
Forestry
                                               3
Logs                                  '000 m        26 734    27 192    28 210    25 197    24 930      25 650
Fisheries i
Tuna j                                     kt         12.7      13.1      14.6      13.7      11.4        12.3
Salmonids k                                kt         21.0      25.6      25.9      29.7      34.2        35.1
Other fish l                               kt        128.4     118.8     119.6     122.4     120.4       120.9
Prawns                                     kt         23.6      20.8      22.8      23.9      23.4        22.9
Rock lobster                               kt         16.2      13.7      13.9      11.7      10.1         9.5
Abalone                                    kt          5.5       5.5       5.3       5.6       5.6         5.7
Scallops                                   kt          9.0      10.5      10.3       7.5       9.5        10.2
Oysters                                    kt         12.1      15.4      13.6      14.1      14.1        14.1
Other molluscs                             kt          8.6       9.3       6.9       6.6       9.2         9.2
Other crustaceans                          kt          6.7       7.1       6.8       6.4       7.1         7.2
Energy
Coal
   black, salable                         Mt         307.0     325.2     326.8     333.6     370.0       392.1
   black, raw                             Mt         398.9     414.4     421.2     438.0     480.5       509.2
   brown                                  Mt          67.7      65.6      66.0      65.0      64.0        65.5
Petroleum
   crude oil and condensate              ML         24 316    28 809    25 789    27 788    26 420      28 258
   petroleum products m                  ML         40 679    43 652    44 086    44 111    42 294      42 753
   natural gas n                        Gm3           38.9      40.8      41.7      44.1      48.7        53.0
   LPG (naturally occurring)             ML          4 722     4 550     3 971     3 930     4 096       4 170
Uranium (U3O8)                            t          9 974     9 594    10 114    10 311     6 915      10 110
Metalliferous minerals and metals o
Aluminium
   bauxite                                Mt          60.9      62.7      63.5      64.0      66.5        67.7
   alumina                                kt        17 826    18 506    19 359    19 597    20 127      21 370
   aluminium (ingot metal)                kt         1 912     1 954     1 964     1 974     1 916       1 954
Copper
   mine production q                       kt          936       859       863       890      799          938
   refined, primary                        kt          461       435       444       499      358          471
Gold
   mine production q                           t     249.4     250.8     229.7     217.9     238.9       269.5
                                                                                                         Continued
                                                  unit       2005-06         2006-07        2007-08         2008-09         2009-10 s       2010-11 f
Metalliferous minerals and metals (continued)
Iron and steel
    ore and concentrate r                     Mt                263.9           287.7           324.7           353.0           425.3          435.8
    iron and steel                            Mt                  7.9             8.0             8.2             5.6             6.8            7.9
Lead
    mine production q                         kt                  762             642             641             596            648             662
    refined s                                 kt                  234             191             203             213            208             255
    bullion                                   kt                  141             114             152             155            148             149
Manganese
    ore, metallurgical grade                  kt                4 082           5 046           5 412           3 730          5 984           6 004
    metal content of ore                      kt                2 160           2 609           2 774           1 917          3 312           3 212
Nickel
    mine production q                         kt                  186             191             190             185            164             172
    refined, class I u                        kt                  105             104             105              95            119             112
    refined, class II v                       kt                   10              15              15              15              7              12
    total ore processed w                     kt                  224             225             222             218            186             193
Silver
    mine production q                          t                2 218           1 674           1 867           1 775          1 747           1 790
    refined                                    t                  655             618             605             751            735             783
Tin
    mine production q                          t                1 805           2 061           1 631           3 879          6 019           5 704
    refined                                    t                  736             321              na              na             na              na
Titanium
    ilmenite concentrate                      kt                1 723           1 949           1 815           1 734          1 308           1 661
    leucoxene concentrate                     kt                   87             169             156             164            175             343
    rutile concentrate                        kt                  184             279             333             308            305             456
    synthetic rutile t                        kt                  711             729             672             716            576             825
    titanium dioxide pigment t                kt                  208             207             201             221            266             270
Zinc
    mine production q                         kt                1 380           1 375           1 571           1 411          1 327           1 421
    refined                                   kt                  446             496             507             506            514             517
Zircon concentrate                            kt                  442             557             580             534            454             565
Other minerals
Diamonds                                                       25 354          24 632         16 528          15 169          11 311          13 430
Salt                                                kt         11 467          10 857         11 243          11 202          11 413          11 643




 a Linseed and safflowerseed. b Excludes animals exported for breeding purposes. c In carcass weight and includes carcass equivalent of canned meats.
 equivalent of shorn wool (includes crutching), dead and fellmongered wool and wool exported on skins.
 e Includes the wholemilk equivalent of farm cream intake. g Includes the butter equivalent of butteroil, butter concentrate, ghee and dry butterfat. h Includes
 mixed skim and buttermilk powder. i Liveweight. j Tuna captured under joint venture or bilateral agreements or transhipped at sea is included. k Includes
 salmon and trout production. l Includes an estimated value of aquaculture but excludes inland commercial fisheries. m Includes production from petrochemical
 plants. n Includes ethane, methane and noncommercial natural gas.
 o Uranium is included with energy. q Primary production, metal content. r Excludes iron oxide not intended for metal extraction. t Includes lead content of lead
 alloys from primary sources. v Products with a nickel content of 99 per cent or more. Includes electrolytic nickel, pellets, briquettes and powder. w Products with
 a nickel content of less than 99 per cent. Includes ferronickel, nickel oxides and oxide sinter. v Includes imported ore for further processing. s ABARE estimate.
 ABARE forecast.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Australian Dairy Corporation; Consolidated Gold Fields; Coal Services Pty Limited; De partment of Resources,
 Energy and Tourism; International Nickel Study Group; Queensland Government, Department of Natural Resources and Mines; Raw C otton Marketing Advisory
 Committee.
                                2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
                                    $m        $m        $m        $m        $m          $m
Crops
Grains and oilseeds
Winter crops
  barley                          1 417     1 039     2 244     1 767     1 514       1 331
  canola                            473       227       659     1 026       753         837
  chickpeas                          57       153       195       166       181         241
  field peas                        130        40       147       101        74          59
  lupins                            251       125       222       202       140         141
  oats                              249       181       423       255       212         230
  triticale                         119        44       113        63        76          69
  wheat                           5 099     2 619     5 292     5 894     5 250       4 780
Summer crops
  maize                              71        60        86        71        63          63
  rice                              284        56         7        36       108         140
  sorghum                           276       274       977       550       256         293
  soybeans                           17        12        19        39        24          24
  sunflower seed                     42        15        59        29        18          21
  other oilseeds a                   30        21        35        22        20          20
Total grains and oilseeds         8 823     5 079    10 763    10 484     8 946       8 496
Industrial crops
Cotton lint and cotton seed b       995       542       253       664       882       1 226
Sugar cane (cut for crushing)     1 032     1 221       861       983     1 608       1 288
Wine grapes                       1 154     1 243     1 446       887       841         922
Total industrial crops            3 181     3 005     2 559     2 534     3 331       3 436
Horticulture
Table and dried grapes              206       240       202       220       224         226
Fruit and nuts (excl grapes)      2 627     3 499     2 758     3 068     3 123       3 462
Vegetables                        2 833     3 165     3 363     3 253     3 313       3 635
Other horticulture                1 675     1 730     1 698     1 548     1 745       1 916
Total horticulture                7 341     8 633     8 020     8 088     8 404       9 238
Other crops nei c                 1 536     1 683     2 858     1 711     1 695       1 670
Total crops                      20 881    18 400    24 201    22 816    22 376      22 840
                                                                                      Continued
                                            2005-06         2006-07        2007-08         2008-09         2009-10 s      2010-11 f
                                                $m              $m             $m              $m              $m             $m
Livestock slaughterings
Cattle and calves d                             7 327          7 550           6 902          7 123           6 933           7 128
Cattle exported live e                            358            437             451            559             649             667
Sheep g                                           444            380             414            446             598             598
Lambs gh                                        1 378          1 387           1 466          1 707           1 997           1 971
Sheep exported live                               291            289             286            339             310             320
Pigs                                              890            944             902            895             865             890
Poultry                                         1 223          1 294           1 637          1 862           1 737           1 831
Total livestock slaughterings k               11 960          12 335         12 102          12 983          13 141         13 458
Livestock products
Wool i                                          2 054          2 282           2 309          1 806           2 078           2 193
Milk j                                          3 341          3 178           4 572          3 988           3 226           3 431
Eggs                                              376            388             468            413             420             430
Honey and beeswax                                  65             70              64             86              90              92
Total livestock products                        5 836          5 917           7 412          6 293           5 814           6 147
Total farm                                    38 676          36 652         43 715          42 091          41 331         42 445
Forestry products
Logs                                            1 673          1 713           1 827          1 717           1 686           1 770
Fisheries products l
Tuna m                                           175             161             210            187             131             149
Salmonids n                                      231             291             302            323             377             389
Other fin fish o                                 367             397             412            393             402             404
Prawns                                           305             267             272            289             269             269
Rock lobster                                     477             449             416            404             386             368
Abalone                                          225             217             189            188             176             187
Scallops                                          23              29              33             25              31              35
Oysters                                           75              91              90             92             110             111
Pearls                                           122             124             114             90              78              78
Other molluscs q                                  66              70              63             63              67              67
Other crustaceans                                 60              75              73             79              71              71
Total fish r                                    2 166          2 217           2 215          2 222           2 211           2 154




 a Linseed, safflowerseed and peanuts. b Value delivered to gin. c Mainly fodder crops. d Includes dairy cattle slaughtered. e Excludes animals
 exported for breeding purposes. g Excludes skin values. h Lamb saleyard indicator weight 18-22kg. i Shorn, dead and fellmongered wool and
 wool exported on skins. j Milk intake by factories and valued at farmgate. k Total livestock slaughterings includes livestock disposals.
 l Value to fishermen of product landed in Australia. m Tuna captured under joint venture or bilateral agreements or transhipped at sea is
 included. n Includes salmon and trout production. o Includes an estimated value of aquaculture. q Includes Northern Territory aquaculture
 production. r Also includes fish and aquaculture values not elsewhere included. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
 Note: The gross value of production is the value placed on recorded production at the wholesale prices realised in the market place. The
 point of measurement can vary between commodities. Generally the market place is the metropolitan market in each state and territory.
 However, where commodities are consumed locally or where they become raw material for a secondary industry, these points are presumed
 to be the market place.
 Note: Prices used in these calculations exclude GST.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics.
                                                   unit       2005-06         2006-07          2007-08         2008-09         2009-10 s       2010-11 f
Crop areas
Grains and oilseeds
Winter crops
  barley                                                         4 406           4 182            4 902           5 015           4 479           4 088
  canola                                                           971           1 052            1 277           1 693           1 394           1 622
  chickpeas                                                        131             284              306             338             363             500
  field peas                                                       366             384              293             300             285             277
  lupins                                                           809             736              752             577             483             592
  oats                                                             931           1 003            1 238             870             919             937
  triticale                                                        392             369              360             323             350             330
  wheat                                                         12 443          11 798           12 578          13 530          13 788          13 507
Summer crops
  maize                                                              76              49              68              65              59              54
  rice                                                              102              20               2               7              19              30
  sorghum                                                           766             613             942             767             389             502
  soybeans                                                           24              14              15              45              31              35
  sunflower seed                                                     79              17              48              43              27              29
  other oilseeds a                                                   54              43              49              19              16              17
Total grains and oilseeds                                       22 333          21 187           23 237          24 081          23 129          23 161
Industrial crops
Cotton                                                              336             144              63             164             211             328
Sugar cane b                                                        398             409             381             367             391             405
Winegrapes                                                          158             163             166             157             159             160
Livestock numbers c
Cattle
   beef                                         million           25.61           25.37           24.78           25.29           25.77            25.98
   dairy                                        million            2.79            2.66            2.54            2.61            2.53             2.54
     milking herd d                             million            1.88            1.80            1.64            1.68            1.63             1.64
  total                                         million           28.39           28.04           27.32           27.91           28.30            28.52
Sheep                                           million            91.0            85.7            76.9            72.7            69.4             68.5
Pigs                                            million            2.73            2.61            2.41             2.30            2.29            2.34




 a Linseed and safflowerseed. b Cut for crushing. c At 30 June. d Cows in milk and dry. e This figure is for grapes only. Prior to 2008-09 this figure includes
 grapes used for winemaking and other purposes such as drying and table. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
                                                 unit       2005-06       2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
Crops
Grains and oilseeds
Winter crops
  barley                                         t/ha              2.15      1.02      1.46      1.59      1.81        1.78
  canola                                         t/ha              1.46      0.54      0.95      1.09      1.37        1.21
  chickpeas                                      t/ha              1.14      0.81      1.02      1.31      1.23        1.20
  field peas                                     t/ha              1.60      0.37      0.91      0.79      1.25        1.01
  lupins                                         t/ha              1.59      0.64      0.88      1.23      1.27        1.06
  oats                                           t/ha              1.81      0.75      1.21      1.33      1.35        1.47
  triticale                                      t/ha              2.12      0.54      1.25      1.12      1.56        1.52
  wheat                                          t/ha              2.02      0.92      1.08      1.58      1.57        1.64
Summer crops
  maize                                          t/ha              4.79      4.89      5.69      5.82      5.55        6.28
  rice                                           t/ha              9.83      8.15      8.15      8.71     10.79        9.00
  sorghum                                        t/ha              2.52      2.09      4.02      3.51      3.16        2.82
  soybeans                                       t/ha              2.33      2.35      2.34      2.27      1.90        2.24
  sunflower seed                                 t/ha              1.24      1.06      1.51      1.85      1.54        1.56
Industrial crops
Cotton (lint)                                    t/ha              1.78      2.10      2.12      2.01      1.84        1.58
Sugar cane (for crushing)                        t/ha                93        89        86        83        80          84
Winegrapes                                       t/ha              11.9       8.7      11.1      10.7      10.2        11.2
Livestock
Wool a                                     kg/sheep                4.42      4.09      4.30      4.27      4.40        4.45
Whole milk                                    L/cow               5 367     5 336     5 624     5 602     5 497       5 596




 a Shorn (including lambs). s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics.
                                            unit    2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
Farm
Grains and oilseeds
Winter crops
   barley a                                   kt      5 316     3 136     4 051     3 898     4 090       3 801
   canola                                     kt        884       238       519       973     1 102       1 289
   chickpeas                                  kt        211       244       218       467       436         608
   lupins                                     kt        469       174        76       157       277         164
   oats (unprepared)                          kt        190        62       115       196       187         166
   peas b                                     kt        156       248       142       118       156         187
   wheat c                                    kt     15 168    11 196     7 408    13 410    13 475      14 584
Summer crops
   cottonseed                                 kt        204       104        18        37      146          210
   rice                                       kt        258       491        78        32       83          142
   sorghum                                    kt        173        46       251     1 368      561          547
   other oilseeds d                           kt         18        13        11        10       15           11
Total grains and oilseeds                     kt     23 049    15 950    12 886    20 667    20 528      21 710
Industrial crops
Raw cotton e                                  kt        650       487       266       260       327         414
Sugar                                         kt      3 883     3 719     3 493     3 268     3 249       3 279
Wine                                         ML         736       798       709       750       784         816
Meat and live animals for slaughter
Beef and veal gh                              kt        892       974       930       968       920         910
Live cattle i                                           549       638       713       856       906         850
Lamb g                                        kt        143       150       163       156       157         144
Live sheep i                                          4 248     4 138     4 069     4 064     3 200       3 200
Mutton g                                      kt        145       162       158       146       116         106
Pig meat g                                    kt         44        41        39        32        29          30
Poultry meat g                                kt         22        28        30        37        30          36
Wool
Greasy js                                     kt        377       402       343       314      289          292
Semi-processed                        kt (gr.eq.)        92        82        67        62       55           60
Skins                                 kt (gr.eq.)        75        83        67        63       68           60
Total js                              kt (gr.eq.)       544       567       477       439      412          412
Dairy products
Butter k                                      kt         83        81        57        70       73           71
Cheese                                        kt        202       213       203       146      158          139
Casein                                        kt          8        12         9         8        9            8
Skim milk powder                              kt        181       164       123       162      134          140
Whole milk powder                             kt        110        94        82       116       96           97
                                                                                                          Continued
                              unit   2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
Forest products
Woodchips                       kt     5 363     5 952     6 166     5 255     5 089       5 376
Fisheries products
Tuna l                          kt      11.7      11.6      12.6      11.5      10.3         10.8
Other fish                      kt      11.6      11.4       9.8      14.2      10.8         11.6
Prawns m
   headless                     kt       0.1       0.1       0.4       0.5       0.4          0.4
   whole                        kt       8.4       6.0       3.9       4.0       3.7          3.6
Rock lobster
   tails                        kt       1.6       1.5       1.0       0.8       0.6          0.5
   whole                        kt       9.9       8.3       8.1       8.4       7.3          6.9
Abalone
   fresh, chilled or frozen     kt       2.1       2.2       2.1       2.1       2.2          2.3
   prepared or preserved        kt       1.5       1.7       1.4       1.2       1.5          1.4
Scallops n                      kt       1.5       1.4       1.1       1.1       1.2          1.3
Mineral resources
Energy
Crude oil o                    ML     13 026    15 965    15 975    16 588    16 300      17 410
LPG                            ML      2 800     2 824     2 589     2 500     2 840       2 881
LNG qs                         Mt     12.029    14.332    13.678    15.410    17.450      18.020
Bunker fuel r                  ML      2 163     2 156     2 169     2 217     2 257       2 196
Petroleum products             ML      2 082     1 752     1 807     1 164       885         890
Metallurgical coal             Mt      120.5     132.0     136.9     125.2     150.7       152.2
Thermal coal                   Mt      110.8     111.6     115.1     136.4     137.1       155.4
Uranium (U3O8)                  t     10 253     9 519    10 139    10 114     6 915      10 110
                                                                                           Continued
                                                  unit       2005-06         2006-07         2007-08         2008-09         2009-10 s      2010-11 f
Mineral resources (continued)
Metalliferous minerals and metals t
Aluminium
   alumina                                           kt        14 499          15 056          15 739          16 395          16 445          17 560
   aluminium (ingot metal)                           kt         1 617           1 638           1 650           1 748           1 586           1 661
Copper
   ore and concentrate u                             kt         1 635           1 493           1 694           1 797           1 853           1 730
   refined                                           kt           314             290             296             361             230             320
Gold v                                                t           315             400             382             437             342             441
Iron and steel
   iron ore and pellets                             Mt          239.4           257.4           294.3           323.5           388.6           398.8
   iron and steel w                                 kt          2 428           2 648           2 131           1 741           1 438           1 858
Lead
   ores and concentrates                             kt           502             422             308             381             389             437
   refined                                           kt           244             215             193             261             209             256
   bullion                                           kt           140             112             169             147             142             149
Manganese u                                          kt         3 215           4 667           5 105           3 226           5 672           5 384
Nickel vs                                            kt           207             207             211             194             207             201
Titanium
   ilmenite concentrate x                            kt           722             999             894           1 538           1 763           1 624
   leucoxene concentrate                             kt            86             123              56              20              18              34
   rutile concentrate                                kt           169             307             399             550             575             863
   synthetic rutile s                                kt           472             508             513             512             513             723
   titanium dioxide pigment                          kt           177             171             175             141             186             190
Refined silver                                        t           482             431             335             423             438             483
Tin v                                                 t         1 556           1 867           3 079           4 159           6 025           5 704
Zinc
   ores and concentrates u                           kt         1 821           1 948           2 323           2 101           2 062           2 000
   refined                                           kt           388             374             411             451             444             437
Zircon concentrate y                                 kt           438             555             637             685             748             893
Other minerals
Diamonds                                                       25 354          24 632          16 528          16 279          10 355          13 430
Salt                                                 kt        10 776          10 749          10 686          10 978          11 185          11 411




 a Includes the grain equivalent of malt. b Includes field peas and cowpeas. c Includes the wheat equivalent of flour. d Includes soybeans, linseed,
 sunflowerseed, safflowerseed and peanuts. Excludes meals and oils. e Excludes cotton waste and linters. g In shipped weight. Fresh, chilled or frozen. h
 Includes meat loaf. i Excludes breeding stock. j ABS recorded trade data adjusted for changes in stock levels held overseas by Wool International. k Includes
 ghee, dry butterfat, butter concentrate and butteroil, dairy spreads, all expressed as butter. l Exports of tuna landed in Australia. Tuna captured under joint
 venture or bilateral agreements or transhipped at sea is not included. m Excludes volume of other prawn products. n Includes crumbed scallops. o Includes
 condensate and other refinery feedstock. q 1 million tonnes of LNG equals about 1.31 billion cubic metres of gas. r International ships and aircraft stores.
 Uranium is included with energy. u Quantities refer to gross weight of all ores and concentrates. v Quantities refer to total metallic content of all ores,
 concentrates, intermediate products and refined metal. w Includes all steel items in ABS, Australian Harmonized Export Commodity Classification

 x Excludes leucoxene and synthetic rutile. y Data from 1991-92 refer to standard grade zircon only. s ABARE estimate. f ABARE forecast.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics, International Trade, Australia, cat. no. 5465.0, Canberra; Australian Mining Industry Council; Department of
 Foreign Affairs and Trade; Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry; Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism; In ternational Nickel Study Group.
                                      2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
                                          $m        $m        $m        $m        $m          $m
Farm
Grains and oilseeds
Winter crops
   barley a                             1 108       833     1 496     1 321     1 076         949
   canola                                 331       108       303       595       564         685
   chickpeas                              106       168       139       275       235         285
   lupins                                  99        38        31        61        79          42
   oats                                    47        20        37        64        48          44
   peas b                                  43        80        61        62        59          63
   wheat c                              3 296     2 765     2 990     5 028     3 598       3 214
Summer crops
   cottonseed                              53        31         8        19       61           78
   rice                                   171       347        71        31       78          117
   sorghum                                 33        13        76       405      128          119
   other oilseeds d                        21        22        27        27       26           17
Total grains and oilseeds               5 308     4 426     5 240     7 890     5 952       5 613
Industrial crops
Raw cotton e                            1 137       823       466       500       600         911
Sugar                                   1 454     1 510     1 006     1 338     1 757       1 692
Wine                                    2 799     2 990     2 683     2 428     2 182       2 280
Total                                   5 391     5 323     4 155     4 266     4 539       4 882
Other crops                             3 298     3 337     3 632     4 730     4 248       4 120
Total crops                            13 996    13 086    13 027    16 886    14 739      14 616
Meat and live animals for slaughter
Beef and veal                           4 272     4 634     4 190     4 857     4 196       4 748
Live cattle g                             358       437       451       559       649         667
Lamb                                      767       748       803       925       935         882
Live sheep g                              291       289       286       339       310         320
Mutton                                    432       458       443       482       443         466
Pig meat                                  143       142       128       124       107         106
Poultry meat                               21        26        32        43        37          37
Total                                   6 284     6 734     6 333     7 329     6 677       7 227
Wool
Greasy h                                1 863     2 316     2 115     1 729     1 703       1 740
Semi-processed                            389       393       362       281       267         290
Skins                                     287       356       319       312       297         303
Total h                                 2 539     3 065     2 796     2 322     2 266       2 333
Dairy products
Butter                                    225       179       195       232      217          213
Cheese                                    837       824       968       796      679          616
Casein                                     89       113       125       107       84           71
Skim milk powder                          529       505       533       553      381          421
Whole milk powder                         334       275       392       475      309          326
Other dairy products                      556       542       550       515      390          441
Total                                   2 569     2 438     2 763     2 679     2 061       2 088
Other livestock exports                 2 436     2 577     2 611     2 836     2 601       2 794
Total livestock exports                13 828    14 815    14 503    15 166    13 605      14 442
Total farm exports                     27 824    27 900    27 530    32 052    28 343      29 058
                                                                                            Continued
                                    2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09   2009-10 s   2010-11 f
                                        $m        $m        $m        $m        $m          $m
Forest products
Woodchips                               839       950     1 072       997      888          917
Pulp and paper products                 872       949     1 005       964      948          954
Other                                   429       455       394       382      408          434
Total                                 2 140     2 355     2 471     2 343     2 244       2 305
Fisheries products
Tuna i                                  179       162       206       177      126          143
Other fish                              115       118       119       157      116          126
Prawns j
   headless                               3         2         6         8        4            4
   whole                                129        89        56        71       54           53
Rock lobster
   tails                                 97       102        63        53       35           33
   whole                                387       357       333       405      361          345
Abalone
   fresh, chilled or frozen             132       139       124       119      131          133
   prepared or preserved                114       107        93        89       84           99
Scallops k                               39        35        28        33       34           38
Pearls                                  290       314       264       366      282          282
Other fisheries products                 62        69        49        52       70           57
Total                                 1 547     1 494     1 342     1 529     1 298       1 312
Total rural exports l
Derived as sum of above              31 511    31 749    31 343    35 924    31 885      32 675
On balance of payments basis m       30 431    30 400    29 971    33 917    30 040      30 706
Mineral resources
Energy
Crude oil n                           6 638     8 317    10 484     8 757     8 530       9 149
LPG                                   1 002     1 038     1 182     1 044     1 117       1 108
LNG                                   4 416     5 222     5 854    10 079     7 640       7 658
Bunker fuel o                         1 322     1 295     1 457     1 537     1 294       1 279
Other petroleum products              1 195     1 098     1 323       788       639         703
Metallurgical coal                   17 003    15 039    16 038    36 813    23 546      34 461
Thermal coal                          7 206     6 758     8 365    17 885    12 238      15 764
Uranium (U3O8)                          546       660       887       990       780       1 159
Total
   derived as sum of above           39 328    39 427    45 591    77 892    55 783      71 282
   on balance of payments
    basis (excl. bunker fuel)        37 572    37 569    43 488    75 664    53 713      69 117
Metalliferous minerals and metals
Aluminium
   bauxite s                             90       108       206       192       163         146
   alumina                            5 262     6 243     5 809     6 015     4 815       5 799
   aluminium (ingot metal)            4 788     5 650     4 967     4 724     3 644       3 833
Copper p
   ore and concentrate                3 492     3 914     4 151     3 618     4 087       3 433
   refined                            2 161     2 612     2 579     2 245     1 653       2 352
                                                                                          Continued
                                            2005-06         2006-07         2007-08        2008-09         2009-10 s       2010-11 f
                                                $m              $m              $m             $m              $m              $m
Mineral resources (continued)
Metalliferous minerals and metals (continued)
Gold p                                     7 089              10 320          10 903         16 146          13 428          16 888
Iron and steel
   iron ore and pellets                   12 854              15 512          20 511         34 239          31 697          47 662
   iron and steel                          1 674               1 743           1 562          1 363             926           1 022
Lead p
   ores and concentrates                     711                 855             757             645            802             766
   refined                                   350                 457             674             560            548             570
   bullion                                   235                 268             595             432            507             453
Manganese
   ore s                                     424                 482           1 532           1 406          1 285           1 343
Titanium
   ilmenite concentrate q                     76                 113             104             171            197             179
   leucoxene concentrate                      25                  35              15              12             11              15
   rutile concentrate                        138                 259             277             335            382             616
   synthetic rutile s                        321                 361             305             258            269             408
   titanium dioxide pigment                  441                 408             375             396            459             488
Nickel s                                   3 642               8 469           5 655           2 705          3 753           3 582
Refined silver                               197                 221             187             245            274             312
Tin p                                         12                  25              42              70            108             131
Zinc p
   ores and concentrates                   1 542               2 590           2 031             935          1 058           1 106
   refined                                   998               1 707           1 319             923            994             936
Zircon concentrate r                         398                 478             421             540            370             547
Total                                         46 920          62 830          64 979         78 175          71 429          92 589
Other minerals
Diamonds s                                        836            726             625             676            345             470
Salt                                              229            239             232             237            247             258
Other                                           5 303          4 754           6 207           4 671          4 373           5 217
Total mineral resources exports               92 616         107 976        117 635         161 652         132 177        169 815
Total commodity exports
Derived as sum of above                      124 127         139 725        148 978         197 575         164 062        202 490
On balance of payments t                     121 725         137 080        146 148         194 032         160 923        199 242




 a Includes the grain equivalent of malt. b Field peas and cowpeas. c Includes the wheat equivalent of flour. d Includes soybeans, linseed,
 sunflowerseed, safflowerseed and peanuts. Excludes meals and oils. e Excludes cotton waste and linters. g Excludes breeding stock. h On a
 balance of payments basis. ABS recorded trade data adjusted for changes in stock levels held overseas by Wool International. i Exports of tuna
 landed in Australia. Tuna captured under joint venture or bilateral agreements or transhipped at sea is not included. j Other prawn products
 included in other fisheries products. k Includes crumbed scallops. l Sum of farm, forest and fisheries products. m The value of exports derived
 as the sum of published detailed items differs from the balance of payments aggregates shown in table 6 for two main reasons: the ABS
 makes special adjustments to some recorded trade data for balance of payments purposes; and ABARE derives its own estimates, (using non
 ABS sources), for several items as footnoted. For more detail on a balance of payments basis, see table 7. n Includes condensate and other
 refinery feedstock. o International ships and aircraft stores. p Value of metals contained in host mine and smelter products are not available
 separately and are included in the value of the mineral product or metal in which they are exported. q Excludes leucoxene and synthetic
 rutile; data from 1991-92 refer to bulk ilmenite only. r Data refers to standard grade zircon only. t As derived in table 6. s ABARE estimate.
 ABARE forecast.
                                            2004-05        2005-06         2006-07        2007-08         2008-09
                                                $m             $m              $m             $m              $m
Fisheries products
Edible fisheries products
   fresh, chilled or frozen fish
   canned fish                                   189             229            244            257             331
   smoked, dried or salted fish                   34              36             53             45              50
   other fish preparations                        62              64             88             87             107
   shellfish b                                   412             426            483            417             458
   total                                         959           1 028          1 184           1 132          1 283
Nonedible fisheries products
  pearls                                         146             159            182            166             321
  other                                           67              78            101             99             107
   total                                         213             237            283            266             427
Total fisheries products                       1 172           1 266          1 467           1 398          1 710

Forest products
  sawnwood                                       492             419            418             492            405
  wood based panels                              216             228            276             284            271
  pulp and paper products                      2 807           2 839          3 007           3 049          3 130
  other d                                        589             530            569             586            653
Total forest products                          4 104           4 017          4 271           4 412          4 459

Mineral and energy resources
  aluminium (ingot metal)                         17              20             11              10             10
  diamonds                                       347             403            397             444            417
  ferroalloys                                    137             123            116             154            181
  gold (refined and unrefined)                 2 462           4 800          5 309           7 311         11 250
  ingot steel                                  2 041           2 075          2 479           2 225          3 191
  iron ore                                       145             222            338             311            269
  petroleum
    crude oil e                                9 996         12 822          13 360         17 149          14 727
    natural gas                                                 152             800            724           2 166
    petroleum products g                       5 121          8 608           7 784         12 730          13 129
  phosphate rock                                  49             42              32             80             193
  phosphates                                     423            322             267            778             549
  silver                                          30             33              98             80             223
  other                                          110            300             707            483             794
Total mineral and energy resources            20 877         29 922          31 698         42 479          47 098




 a Includes peanuts, oilseeds, vegetable oils and vegetable protein meals. b Includes all crustaceans and molluscs including
 canned. c Excludes tuna transhipped at sea or captured under joint venture or bilateral agreements. d Includes roundwood,
 other processed wood and minor forest products. e Includes condensate and other refinery feedstock. g Includes LPG.
 Sources: ABARE; Australian Bureau of Statistics, International Trade, Australia, cat. no. 5465.0, Canberra; Department of
 Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.
25 Australian food exports by level of transformation
                                    2003-04     2004-05   2005-06   2006-07   2007-08     2008-09
                                        $m          $m        $m        $m        $m          $m
Minimally transformed
Live animals except fish                 602        594       668       752       761         924
Fish or shellfish                        677        584       657       632       647         747
Horticulture
Vegetables                               161        155       149       147       137         152
Fruit and nuts                           407        462       482       451       433         563
Total                                    568        617       631       598       571         716
Grains a                               4 655      4 672     4 305     3 329     4 221       6 383
Oilseeds                                 550        492       412       167       346         644
Food nec                                  46         46        49        54        41          49
Substantially and elaborately transformed
Meat
Meat processing                         5 723     6 902     6 673     7 048     6 506       7 411
Poultry processing                         20        20        21        26        32          43
Bacon, ham and smallgoods                  84       107        91        43        33          47
Total                                  5 827      7 029     6 785     7 117     6 571       7 501
Seafood                                  660        689       606       548       440         417
Dairy
Milk and cream processing              1 076      1 108     1 210     1 089     1 258       1 354
Ice cream                                 35         42        41        42        37          31
Other dairy products                   1 176      1 335     1 318     1 307     1 467       1 293
Total                                  2 288      2 485     2 569     2 438     2 763       2 679
Fruit and vegetables                     518        511       555       574       568         575
Oil and fat                              147        151       150       169       239         303
Flour mill and cereal food
Flour mill products                      202        223       230       269       315         419
Cereal food and baking mix               222        219       248       372       287         390
Total                                    424        441       478       642       602         809
Bakery products
Bread, cake and pastry                    18         18        26        27        26          25
Biscuit                                  106        114       107       111       118         127
Total                                    123        132       132       137       144         152
Other food
Sugar a                                1 000      1 169     1 645     1 551     1 035       1 374
Confectionery                            271        259       208       215       237         269
Food nec                               1 129      1 080     1 099     1 142     1 094       1 422
Total                                  2 400      2 509     2 952     2 907     2 366       3 065
Beverage and malt
Soft drink, cordial and syrup             53         46        42        39        38          45
Beer and malt                            282        241       218       273       335         447
Wine                                   2 497      2 721     2 768     2 894     2 700       2 493
Spirit                                    84         92        91        89        86         105
Total                                  2 915      3 100     3 120     3 294     3 159       3 091
Total food and beverage
Minimally transformed                  7 099      7 006     6 722     5 532                 9 International
                                                                                6 586 Source: 463
Substantially transformed             14 956     16 706    17 062    17 530    16 528      18 243
Elaborately transformed                  347        341       286       297       324         350
Total                                 22 402     24 053    24 070    23 359    23 439      28 056
26 Australian food imports by level of transformation
                                    2003-04     2004-05   2005-06   2006-07   2007-08     2008-09
                                        $m          $m        $m        $m        $m          $m
Minimally transformed
Live animals except fish                    0         1         1         1         1           2
Fish or shellfish                          46        46        47        57        65          67
Horticulture
Vegetables                                 34        32        41        45        53          49
Fruit and nuts                            140       159       191       194       216         225
Total                                     173       191       233       238       269         274
Grains                                      1         1         1         2         2           2
Oilseeds                                   50        25        20        78        49          49
Food nec                                   88       116       140       176       188         180
Substantially and elaborately transformed
Meat
Meat processing                           224       345       290       446       381         525
Poultry processing                          0         0         0         0         0           0
Bacon, ham and smallgoods                  40        41        43        42        50          68
Total                                     264       387       333       489       431         593
Seafood                                   868       928       998     1 151     1 095       1 249
Dairy
Milk and cream processing                  35        45        45        40        67          69
Ice cream                                  22        29        30        40        37          39
Other dairy products                      272       310       357       401       552         522
Total                                     330       384       432       480       656         631
Fruit and vegetables                      945     1 027     1 043     1 233     1 390       1 559
Oil and fat                               373       376       417       481       489         578
Flour mill and cereal food
Flour mill products                        59        73        57        34        66          83
Cereal food and baking mix                260       285       305       325       462         576
Total                                     319       358       362       358       527         659
Bakery products
Bread, cake and pastry                    117       120       138       163       175         197
Biscuit                                   160       177       199       254       267         297
Total                                     277       297       337       417       442         493
Other food
Sugar                                      15        18        19        20        22          44
Confectionery                             261       307       333       371       438         518
Food nec                                  963     1 038     1 075     1 186     1 270       1 492
Total                                   1 240     1 363     1 427     1 577     1 731       2 054
Beverage and malt
Soft drink, cordial and syrup             502       537       571       656       697         791
Beer and malt                              91        99       112       126       161         226
Wine                                      158       200       248       334       454         502
Spirit                                    354       390       414       465       491         530
Total                                   1 105     1 226     1 345     1 582     1 802       2 050
Total food and beverage
Minimally transformed                     359       379       441       551       574 Source: 574
                                                                                              International
Substantially transformed               5 504     6 119     6 435     7 430     8 167       9 437
Elaborately transformed                   217       228       259       338       396         429
Total                                  6 080      6 725     7 135     8 319     9 138      10 441
27 Australian total food exports, by selected destination
                                           2003-04          2004-05          2005-06         2006-07   2007-08      2008-09
                                               $m               $m               $m              $m        $m           $m
Canada                                         411              447              425             423       402          380
China                                          699            1 158              786             664       917        1 178
Chinese Taipei                                 600              644              704             595       574          721
Egypt                                          650              223              471             151       174          315
Germany                                        153              143              172             123       162          153
Hong Kong, China                               729              710              789             827       857        1 082
Indonesia                                    1 110            1 234            1 442           1 566     1 702        2 648
Japan                                        4 699            5 478            4 916           4 752     4 553        5 476
Korea, Rep. of                               1 150            1 404            1 634           1 850     1 655        1 805
Malaysia                                       863              902              750             801       799        1 172
New Zealand                                    992            1 058            1 092           1 203     1 303        1 397
Philippines                                    376              339              285             240       308          563
Saudi Arabia                                   779              585              777             568     1 144        1 020
Singapore                                      516              560              622             650       712          792
Thailand                                       273              297              385             305       393          626
United Arab Emirates                           241              276              419             284       445          567
United Kingdom                               1 099            1 202            1 175           1 209     1 136          992
United States                                3 119            3 231            3 006           3 058     2 552        3 039
Other                                        3 943            4 161            4 220           4 092     3 652        4 131
Total                                       22 402           24 053           24 070          23 359    23 439       28 056
                                                                                                                 Source: International


 Source:Australian Bureau of Statistics, International Trade,Australia, cat. no. 5465.0, Canberra.
28 Australian total food imports, by selected source
                                            2003-04         2004-05          2005-06          2006-07   2007-08    2008-09
                                                $m              $m               $m               $m        $m          $m
Brazil                                           63              92               78              120       129         150
Canada                                          157             209              176              254       222         271
China a                                         305             380              416              552       634         776
France                                          150             165              194              224       279         290
India                                           110             118              122              144       160         179
Indonesia                                       106             117              117              140       163         207
Ireland                                         396             402              468              510       536         559
Italy                                           291             328              364              427       438         498
Malaysia                                        209             227              250              279       361         468
Netherlands                                      93             109              137              169       184         227
New Zealand                                   1 105           1 218            1 359            1 472     1 734       1 746
Papua New Guinea                                 30              31               34               38        36          45
Singapore                                       159             174              164              127                   International
                                                                                                            160 Source: 207
Spain                                           128             129              144              194       174         154
Thailand                                        384             404              450              483       554         713
United Kingdom                                  260             288              272              298       299         318
United States                                   527             595              631              721       810       1 006
Vietnam                                         168             219              245              279       251         299
Other                                         1 439           1 522            1 512            1 891     2 013       2 329
Total                                         6 080           6 725            7 135            8 319     9 138      10 441




 a Excludes imports from Hong Kong.
 Source:Australian Bureau of Statistics, International Trade,Australia, cat. no. 5465.0, Canberra.

				
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