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Stop Climate Chaos Scotland - SUBMISSION FROM STOP CLIMATE CHAOS Powered By Docstoc

Stop Climate Chaos Scotland is a coalition of nearly 40 organisations
campaigning on climate change. SCCS members include environment and
development NGOs, faith groups, trade unions, community councils, student
societies, women’s organisations, a mental health charity, and many others. In
Scotland, those members have a combined supporter base of over 1.5 million.
We welcome the opportunity to respond to Determining and Delivering Scotland’s
Energy Future, the Scottish Parliament Economy, Energy and Tourism
Committee’s inquiry into Scotland’s energy future.

This document represents the areas of broad consensus in the coalition, and
does not necessarily represent the detailed policy positions of all members. For
the more detailed positions of individual members, please refer to their individual

    1. What type of future is needed in Scotland in terms of the production,
       distribution and more efficient use of energy, given the issues of
       price, security of supply and sustainable development?

        Stop Climate Chaos Scotland believes there is an urgent need for a
        Scottish energy strategy that will achieve the required reductions in
        greenhouse gas emissions, while at the same time delivering a secure
        and affordable supply of energy.

        The energy sector is highly significant in terms of its contribution to
        Scotland’s greenhouse gas emissions. In 2005, direct emissions from the
        energy sector in Scotland (excluding transport) totalled 37%. Including
        indirect emissions – such as those from the domestic and business
        sectors – almost doubles the figure to 73% 1 . It is therefore clear that it will
        be impossible to achieve the challenging target of reducing Scotland’s
        greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050 – a target which has been set
        in line with current science and adopted by the Scottish Government -
        without major emissions reductions in the energy sector. In order to
        achieve this reduction, an immediate and sustained transformation in the
        generation, distribution and use of Scotland’s energy will be necessary.

        Stop Climate Chaos Scotland further believes that any Scottish energy
        strategy should include a sustainability clause to ensure, for example, that
        any increases in renewable capacity do not come at the expense of our
        local or global environment.

 Calculated using data from Changing Our Ways – Scotland’s Climate Change Programme, and the
Greenhouse Gas Inventories for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland: 1990 -2005. Report to
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, The Scottish Executive, The Welsh Assembly
Government and The Northern Ireland Department of Environment. EPEO/ED05452200 AEAT/ENV/R/2500
Draft Final August 2007.
2. How can this future be delivered in Scotland and how will we meet all
   the various targets and obligations

   Stop Climate Chaos Scotland believes that any Energy Strategy must be
   developed within the context of the Scottish Climate Change Bill. We have
   welcomed the proposed Bill and support the inclusion within it of at least
   an 80% reduction in greenhouse gases by 2050, statutory annual
   reductions of at least 3% per annum, and the inclusion of emissions from
   aviation and shipping.

   We welcome the Scottish Government’s stated intention to incentivise
   energy efficiency and renewable energy (as outlined in the Scottish
   Climate Change Bill consultation document). It may be appropriate to
   mandate Ministers to set targets in these areas through the Bill itself,
   though the more appropriate place to include the detail of how these
   targets might be met would be in an Energy Strategy.

   We would expect an Energy Strategy to support an energy hierarchy with
   targets for demand reduction, energy efficiency and a broad range of
   renewable technologies. The hierarchy would mean that options would be
   sought in demand management and energy efficiency before attempting
   inappropriate environmental compromises in the development of
   renewable energy capacity. Additionally, such an approach would
   recognise that it is pointless from a carbon reduction perspective to pursue
   renewables without addressing demand increases. However, an energy
   hierarchy would also ensure that renewables options were exploited in
   preference to fossil fuel capacity, to meet the demand remaining after
   demand reduction and efficiency measures.

   Stop Climate Chaos Scotland has called for the Scottish Climate Change
   Bill to establish a Scottish Commission on Climate Change, and it may be
   that this is an appropriate body to advise on the exact targets for demand
   reduction, energy efficiency and renewables.

   There are two other options that Stop Climate Chaos Scotland would like
   to see examined as part of the Energy Strategy development. The first is
   the potential for decentralised grid systems, localised production and a
   focus on community-scale renewables schemes. The second is the
   development of carbon capture and storage technology. While our
   preference would be an entirely decarbonised energy sector, we realise
   that generation from coal and gas is likely to continue at current levels for
   the near future. If this is the case, we would like to see considerable
   Government commitment to research and investment in cleaning up these
   technologies as soon as possible.
3. What decisions need to be taken, by when and by whom to deliver on
   Scotland’s energy future?

  Stop Climate Chaos Scotland is keen to stress the need for urgency in
  bringing forward a coherent and sustainable Scottish Energy Strategy.
  Climate change is already having devastating consequences on people
  living in poverty across the developing world, and high fuel prices have led
  to thousands of people in our own country living in crippling fuel poverty.
  The window of opportunity for taking the necessary action is shrinking
  every day.

  We would like to see greater liaison across the departments of the
  Scottish Government, to ensure that demand reduction and energy
  efficiency measures are implemented across all sectors – public, private
  and domestic. It is clear that we are reaching peak fossil fuel capacity, and
  have not yet developed full renewable capacity. This energy gap
  desperately needs to be addressed, and it will take a strategic, sustainable
  and balanced Energy Policy to do so.

  If Scotland is to meet even its current renewables targets, let alone any
  more challenging future targets, it is crucial that the Scottish Government
  finds a way to speed up the rate of approvals and get renewables online
  faster, without undermining the overall principles of the planning system.