單位 類別 標題 Standard Guide for Measurement of Particle Size Photon Correlation ASTM by wxh16939

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									      單位                類別                                  標題


                                Standard Guide for Measurement of Particle Size
             Photon Correlation
ASTM                            Distribution of Nanomaterials in Suspension by Photon
             Spectroscopy (PCS)
                                Correlation Spectroscopy (PCS)


             Dynamic light       New Guide for Zeta potential measurement by
ASTM
             scattering          electrophoretic mobility


             Occupational        Standard Guide for Handling Unbound Engineered
ASTM
             Settings            Nanoscale Particles in Occupational Settings

                                 Standard Practice for Calculation of Mean
             representation of
ASTM                             Sizes/Diameters and Standard Deviations of Particle Size
             Data
                                 Distributions
                                 Standard Practice for Calibrating the Z-Magnification of
             Atomic Force
ASTM                             an Atomic Force Microscope at Subnanometer
             Microscope
                                 Displacement Levels Using Si(111) Monatomic Steps

             representation of
ASTM                             Practice for Reporting Particle Size Characterization Data
             Data

ASTM         terminology         Standard terminology Relating to Nanotechnology

             Laser diffraction   Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Metal
ASTM
             methods             Powders and related Compounds by Light Scattering

                                 Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Catalytic
             Laser diffraction
ASTM                             Material
             methods
                                 by Laser Light Scattering
                                 Guide for Liquid Dispersion of Metal Powders and Related
ASTM         sampling method
                                 Compounds for Particle Size Analysis

Australin                        A review of the scientific literature on the safety of
Government   strategy            nanoparticulate titanium dioxide or zinc oxide in
(TGA)                            sunscreens
                                 Nanotechnologies –Part 2: Guide to safe handling
BSI
                                 and disposal of manufactured nanomaterials
                                 Nanotechnologies –Part 1: Good practice guide for
BSI
                                 specifying manufactured nanomaterials
             Surface chemical    Surface chemical analysis. X-ray photoelectron
BSI
             analysis            spectroscopy. Guidelines for analysis
                           Guidance on the labelling of manufactured nanoparticles
BSI    terminology
                           and
                           products containing manufactured nanoparticles
                           Terminology for medical, health and personal care
BSI    terminology
                           applications of nanotechnology

BSI    terminology         Vocabulary — Nanoparticles
       representation of   Representation of (Grain) Particle Size Distributions; RRSB
DIN
       Data                Grid


EGE    strategy            Opinion on the ethical aspects of nanomedicine



                           Reflection paper on nanotechnology-based
EMEA   strategy
                           medicinal products for Human Use
                           Sunscreen Drug Products for Over-the-Counter
FDA    strategy            Human Use; Proposed Amendment of Final
                           Monograph; Proposed Rule


                           A Report of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
FDA    strategy
                           Nanotechnology Task Force


                           Nanotechnology Task Force FDA Nanotechnology Public
FDA    strategy
                           Meeting
       Dynamic light       Instructions for DLS tests on nanoparticle suspensions
IANH
       scattering          (IANH Stage 2, Shipping Qualification Study)

IRGC   risk govern         IRGC White Paper on Nanotechnology Risk Governance

                           Appropriate Risk Governance Strategies for
IRGC   risk govern
                           Nanotechnology Applications in Food and Cosmetics
                           Workplace atmospheres -- Ultrafine, nanoparticle and
       Workplace
ISO                        nano-structured aerosols -- Inhalation exposure
       atmospheres
                           characterization and assessment
                           Nanotechnologies -- Terminology and definitions for
ISO    terminology
                           nano-objects -- Nanoparticle, nanofibre and nanoplate
                           Nanotechnologies -- Health and safety practices in
ISO    safety
                           occupational settings relevant to nanotechnologies
       representation of   Determination of particle size distribution -- Differential
ISO
       Data                electrical mobility analysis for aerosol particles
      Dynamic light
ISO                        Particle size analysis -- Dynamic light scattering (DLS)
      scattering
                           Measurement and characterization of particles by
      representation of
ISO                        acoustic methods -- Part 1: Concepts and procedures in
      Data
                           ultrasonic attenuation spectroscopy

      Small angle X-ray    Particle size analysis -- Small angle X-ray scattering
ISO
      scattering method    method
      Laser diffraction    Particle size analysis -- Laser diffraction methods -- Part
ISO
      methods              1: General principles
      Photon Correlation
ISO                        Particle size analysis -- Photon correlation spectroscopy
      Spectroscopy (PCS)


                           General requirements for the competence of testing and
ISO   lab
                           calibration laboratories


      Laser diffraction    Particle Size Analysis Laser Diffraction Methods Part 2:
ISO
      methods              Validation of Inversion Procedures
      Photon Correlation   Particle Size Analysis—Photon Correlation Spectroscopy
ISO
      Spectroscopy (PCS)   Part 2: Validation of Inversion Procedures


      Image Analysis       Particle Size Analysis—Image Analysis Methods—Part
ISO
      Methods              1:Static Image and Analysis Methods



      Image Analysis       ISO 13322–2 Particle Size Analysis—Image Analysis
ISO
      Methods              Methods—Part 2: Dynamic Image Analysis Methods



                           Sample Preparation—Dispersing Procedures for Powders
ISO   sampling method
                           in Liquids




      Dynamic light        Measuring the Size of Nanoparticles in Aqueous Media
NCL
      scattering           Using Batch-Mode Dynamic Light Scattering
NCL      search             Functionalized Fullerenes




NCL      search             Dendrimer-Based MRI Contrast Agents




NCL      search             Ceramide Liposomes




         Particle Size
NIST                        Particle Size Characterization
         Characterization

NNI      strategy           Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Strategy
行政院環境保
護署環境檢驗                      火焰式原子吸收光譜法
所
     編號        出版日期           中文簡述                  網址            連結pdf

                       美國材料試驗協會(ASTM)為制訂
                                              http://www.astm.o
                       材料、產品、系統和檢測服務標
ASTM E2490      2008                          rg/Standards/E249
                       準之組織,此篇為ASTM對懸浮液
                                              0.htm
                       中奈米材料粒徑分佈量測的標準
                       規範。                    http://www.astm.o
                       此篇為ASTM對Zeta           rg/DATABASE.C
ASTM WK21915    2008
                       potential的測量規範。        ART/WORKITE
                                              MS/WK21915.ht
                                              m
                                              http://www.astm.o
                       此篇為ASTM對管理工程奈米微粒
ASTM E2535      2007                          rg/Standards/E253
                       之標準規範。
                                              5.htm
                                              http://www.astm.o
                       此篇為ASTM對計算平均粒徑與分
ASTM E2578      2007                          rg/Standards/E257
                       布標準差之標準規程。
                                                     8.htm
                       此篇為ASTM對使用矽單原子级在       http://www.astm.o
ASTM E2530      2006   奈米位移级上對原子力顯微镜Z-        rg/Standards/E253
                       倍数的校正標準規程                     0.htm
                                              http://www.astm.o
                       此篇為ASTM對粒徑鑑定報告資料
ASTM E1617      2009                          rg/Standards/E161
                       規程
                                                     7.htm
                       此篇為ASTM對奈米科技所制定之
ASTM E2456      2006
                       標準用辭。
                       此篇為ASTM對使用光散射法量測       http://www.astm.o
ASTM B822       2002   金屬粉末與相關化合物其粒徑分         rg/Standards/B822
                       布試驗方法                          .htm
                                              http://www.astm.o
                       此篇為ASTM對光散射法測量催化
ASTM D 4464     2005                          rg/Standards/D446
                       材料粒徑分布試驗方法
                                                     4.htm
                       此篇為ASTM對配置金屬粉末與相       http://www.astm.o
ASTM B821       2007   關化合物分散液進行粒徑分析的         rg/Standards/B821
                       標準規範                           .htm
                       此篇為澳洲衛生部藥物管理局(Th
                       erapeutic Goods
                2006
                       Administration,
                       TGA)針對含有奈米級TiO2與ZnO防
PD 6699-               曬品之安全性進行科學文獻回顧
                2007
2:2007
PD 6699-
                2007
1:2007
                       此篇為BSI對使用X射線光電子能
BS ISO 10810    2009   譜儀進行分析表面化學性質分析
                       規範。
                      此篇為BSI對標示奈米粒子製品或
BS PAS 130     2007
                      含有奈米粒子產品的規範。
                      BSI為英國國家標準制定機構,此
BS PAS 131     2007   篇為對奈米科技應用於醫學健康
                      照顧所制定之標準用辭。
                      此篇BSI為對奈米粒子所制定之詞
BS PAS 71      2005
                      彙表。
                      DIN為德國國家標準制定機構,此
DIN 66145
                      篇為對粒徑分布代表性的標準文
                      件。
                      此篇為歐洲科學與新科技倫理小
                      組(European Group on Ethics
               2007   in Science and New
                      Technologies;EGE)對奈米生醫
                      相關領域提出意見。
                      此篇為歐洲醫藥管理局(EMEA)對
               2006   奈米生醫產品相關領域提出意見
                      報告。
21 CFR Parts          此篇為美國FDA針對防曬化粧品公
               2007
347 and 352           告管理辦法。
                      美國FDA自2006年成立US Food
                      and Drug Administration
                      Nanotechnology Task
               2007
                      Force,組成專家小組定期研討奈
                      米生醫產品的法規,此篇為2007
                      年出版研究報告。
               2008
                      對奈米粒子懸浮液進行DLS試驗指
               2008
                      引
                      歐洲國際風險治理協會(IRGC)對
               2006
                      奈米科技風險管理所提出的白皮
                      書。
                      歐洲國際風險治理協會(IRGC
               2009   )對奈米科技於食品和化妝品應
                      用所提出的風險管理策略。
                      此篇為ISO對工作場所之奈米微粒
ISO/TR 27628   2007
                      暴露監測的標準。
                      此篇為ISO對奈米科技之標準用辭
ISO/TS 27687   2008
                      和定義。
                      此篇為ISO對奈米相關作業設施之
ISO/TR 12885   2008
                      健康與安全實務的標準。
                      此篇為ISO對使用差分式電動式分
ISO 15900      2009
                      析量測氣膠粒子的粒徑分佈的標
                      準。
ISO 22412        2008   ISO粒徑分析-動態光散射法。
                        此篇為ISO對使用聲波方法進行粒
                        子分析與鑑別--Part
ISO 20998-1      2006
                        1:使用超音波衰減粒徑分析方法
                        的概念與步驟。
                        此篇為ISO對粒徑分析-
ISO/TS 13762     2001
                        小角度X射線散射法。
                        此篇為ISO粒徑分析-雷射繞射法-
ISO 13320-1      1999
                        Part 1:一般性原則。
ISO 13321        1996   ISO粒徑分析-光子相關法。
                                          http://www.iso.org
                                          /iso/search.htm?qt
                        此篇為ISO測試與校正實驗室能力
ISO/IEC 17025    2005                     =17025&sort=rel
                        一般要求。
                                          &type=simple&pu
                                          blished=on
                        此篇為ISO粒徑分析-雷射繞射法-
ISO/WD 13320-2
                        Part 2:反轉步驟的確認。
                        此篇為ISO對使用光子相關法進行
ISO/WD 13321-2
                        粒徑分析--Part
                        2:反轉步驟的確認。        http://www.iso.org
                                          /iso/iso_catalogue/
                        此篇為粒徑分析-影像分析法-
ISO 13322–1      2004                      catalogue_tc/catal
                        Part 1:靜態影像分析法。
                                          ogue_detail.htm?c
                                            snumber=38664
                                          http://www.iso.org
                        此篇為粒徑分析-影像分析法-     /iso/catalogue_det
ISO 13322–2      2006
                        Part 2:動態影像分析法。    ail.htm?csnumber
                                                 =38665
                                          http://www.iso.org
                                          /iso/iso_catalogue/
                        此篇為ISO樣品製備方法-
ISO 14887        2000                      catalogue_tc/catal
                        液態中粉末分散步驟。
                                          ogue_detail.htm?c
                                            snumber=25861
                        NCL為美國奈米科技特性描述實驗
                        室,主要執行奈米粒子物化特性
                 2007   、臨床前效力與毒性評估試驗。
                        此篇為NCL使用桌上型DLS進行水
                        相中奈米粒子之粒徑分析。
                      NCL為美國奈米科技特性描述實驗
                      室,主要執行奈米粒子物化特性
                      、臨床前效力與毒性評估試驗。
               2007
                      此篇為NCL對functionalized
                      fullerenes進行物化特性、毒性
                      試驗及免疫特性等試驗。
                      NCL為美國奈米科技特性描述實驗
                      室,主要執行奈米粒子物化特性
                      、臨床前效力與毒性評估試驗。
               2006   此篇為NCL對Dendrimer-Based
                      MRI Contrast
                      Agents進行物化特性、毒性試驗
                      及免疫特性等試驗。
                      NCL為美國奈米科技特性描述實驗
                      室,主要執行奈米粒子物化特性
                      、臨床前效力與毒性評估試驗。
NCL200702A     2007
                      此篇為NCL對Ceramide
                      Liposomes進行物化特性、毒性試
                      驗及免疫特性等試驗。
                      NIST為美國國家標準與技術局,
SP960-1        2001   研發與制定各項標準。此篇為Nis
                      t對進行粒徑特性量測的評估與討
                      論。
                      美國奈米科技先導計畫(NNI)對環
               2008
                      境、健康、安全性研究策略。

NIEA M11100C   2002
          標準程
期中   期末   序或規
           格


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     ˇ    程序




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文件編號 組織   國別    類別            名稱                                 編號




                              Standard Guide for Measurement
                              of Particle Size Distribution of
01   ASTM USA   particle      Nanomaterials in Suspension by     ASTM E2490-09
                              Photon Correlation Spectroscopy
                              (PCS)




                              New Guide for Zeta potential
02   ASTM USA   particle      measurement by electrophoretic     ASTM WK21915
                              mobility




                            Standard Guide for Handling
                Occupationa
03   ASTM USA               Unbound Engineered Nanoscale       ASTM E2535
                l
                            Particles in Occupational Settings




                              Standard terminology Relating to
04   ASTM USA   terminology                                      ASTM E2456
                              Nanotechnology
                                   Nanotechnologies -- Terminology
           Internation             and definitions for nano-objects --
05   ISO               terminology                                       ISO/TS 27687
           al                      Nanoparticle, nanofibre and
                                   nanoplate




                                    Determination of particle size
           Internation              distribution -- Differential
06   ISO               particle                                          ISO 15900
           al                       electrical mobility analysis for
                                    aerosol particles




           Internation              Particle size analysis -- Dynamic
07   ISO               particle                                          ISO 22412
           al                       light scattering (DLS)
                                  Measurement and characterization
           Internation            of particles by acoustic methods --
08   ISO               particle                                       ISO 20998-1
           al                     Part 1: Concepts and procedures in
                                  ultrasonic attenuation spectroscopy




           Internation            Particle size analysis -- Small angle
09   ISO               particle                                         ISO/TS 13762
           al                     X-ray scattering method
                                    Particle size analysis -- Laser
           Internation
10   ISO               particle     diffraction methods -- Part 1:     ISO 13320-1
           al
                                    General principles




           Internation              Particle size analysis -- Photon
11   ISO               particle                                        ISO 13321
           al                       correlation spectroscopy


                                   Workplace atmospheres --
                                   Ultrafine, nanoparticle and nano-
           Internation Workplace
12   ISO                           structured aerosols -- Inhalation   ISO/TR 27628
           al          atmospheres
                                   exposure characterization and
                                   assessment

                                    Nanotechnologies -- Health and
           Internation              safety practices in occupational
13   ISO               safety                                          ISO/TR 12885
           al                       settings relevant to
                                    nanotechnologies

                                    Measuring the Size of
                                    Nanoparticles in Aqueous Media
14   NCL   USA         particle
                                    Using Batch-Mode Dynamic Light
                                    Scattering
15   NCL    USA   search     Functionalized Fullerenes          NCL200701A




                             Dendrimer-Based MRI Contrast
16   NCL    USA   search                                        NCL200702A
                             Agents




17   NCL    USA   search     Ceramide Liposomes                 NCL200612A




18   NIST   USA   particle   Particle Size Characterization     SP960-1




                             Surface chemical analysis. X-ray
19   BSI    UK    particle   photoelectron spectroscopy.        BS ISO 10810
                             Guidelines for analysis
                            Terminology for medical, health
20   BSI   UK   terminology and personal care applications of   BS PAS 131
                            nanotechnology




21   BSI   UK   terminology Vocabulary — Nanoparticles          BS PAS 71
出版日期 英文摘要                                                  簡述
       1.1 This guide deals with the measurement
        of particle size distribution of suspended
      particles, which are solely or predominantly
        sub-100 nm, using the photon correlation
         (PCS) technique. It does not provide a
      complete measurement methodology for any
          specific nanomaterial, but provides a            美國材料試驗協會(ASTM)為制
          general overview and guide as to the             訂材料、產品、系統和檢測服
 2009   methodology that should be followed for            務標準之組織,此篇為ASTM對
       good practice, along with potential pitfalls.       懸浮液中奈米材料粒徑分佈量
                                                           測的標準規範。
               1.2 This standard does not purport to
            address all of the safety concerns, if any,
                  associated with its use. It is the
          responsibility of the user of this standard to
              establish appropriate safety and health
           practices and determine the applicability of
          Zeta potential measurement gives a guide as
            to the stability or otherwise of a colloidal
           suspension and is thus extremely important
           from a theoretical and a practical point-of-
             view. The measurement of this property        美國材料試驗協會(ASTM)為制
              relies on the movement of a (charged)        訂材料、產品、系統和檢測服
  2008
              particle under and elctrical field. This     務標準組織,此篇為ASTM對Ze
                standard deals with the basis of the       ta potential的測量規範。
           measurement. No such standard exists and
          this is an area of fundamental importance to
               the nano community. Little practical
           guidance is also available and only a small
                                                           美國材料試驗協會(ASTM)為制
                                                           訂材料、產品、系統和檢測服
  2007
                                                           務標準組織,此篇為ASTM對管
                                                           理工程奈米微粒之標準規範。
            Nanotechnology is an emerging field; this
             standard defines the novel terminology
                developed for its broad multi- and         美國材料試驗協會(ASTM)為制
           interdisciplinary activities. As the needs of   訂材料、產品、系統和檢測服
  2006
           this area develop, this standard will evolve    務標準之組織,此篇ASTM為對
           accordingly; its content may be referenced      奈米科技所制定之標準用辭。
              and/or adopted, in whole or in part, as
            demanded by the needs of the individual
        ISO/TS 27687:2008 lists unambiguous terms
       and definitions related to particles in the field   ISO是國際標準化組織(Inter
       of nanotechnologies. It is intended to facilitate   national Organization for
2008     communications between organizations and          Standardization)的簡稱,
       individuals in industry and those who interact      此篇為ISO對奈米科技之標準
                         with them.                        用辭和定義。

         ISO 15900:2009 provides guidelines on the
              determination of aerosol particle size
            distribution by means of the analysis of
         electrical mobility of aerosol particles. This
        measurement is usually called “differential
                                                           ISO是國際標準化組織(Inter
             electrical mobility analysis for aerosol
                                                           national Organization for
             particles”. This analytical method is
                                                           Standardization)的簡稱,
2009       applicable to particle size measurements
                                                           此篇為ISO對使用差分式電動
            ranging from approximately 1 nm to 1
                                                           式分析量測氣膠粒子的粒徑分
            µm. ISO 15900:2009 does not
                                                           佈的標準。
        address the specific instrument design or the
              specific requirements of particle size
            distribution measurements for different
           applications, but includes the calculation
                     method of uncertainty.
         ISO 22412:2008 specifies a method for the
       application of dynamic light scattering (DLS)
         to the estimation of an average particle size
        and the measurement of the broadness of the
          size distribution of mainly submicrometre-
       sized particles or droplets dispersed in liquids.
                                                           ISO是國際標準化組織(Inter
             ISO 22412:2008 is applicable to the
                                                           national Organization for
        measurement of a broad range of dilute and
2008                                                       Standardization)的簡稱,
         concentrated suspensions. The principle of
                                                           此篇為ISO對使用DLS方法進行
         DLS is the same as for a dilute dispersion.
                                                           粒徑分析的標準。
           However, specific requirements for the
         instrument set-up and specification of test
       sample preparation, as well as some advice on
          the correct interpretation of the results of
        measurements for concentrated dispersions,
                         are required.
            ISO 20998-1:2006 describes ultrasonic
       methods for determining the size distributions
       of one or more material phases dispersed in a
           liquid. Colloids, dispersions, slurries and
       emulsions are within the scope of ISO 20998-
           1:2006. The typical particle size for such
             analysis ranges from 10 nm to 3 mm,
                                                         ISO是國際標準化組織(Inter
       although particles outside this range have also
                                                         national Organization for
         been successfully measured. Measurements
2006                                                     Standardization)的簡稱,
             can be made for concentrations of the
                                                         此篇為ISO對使用聲波法進行
            dispersed phase ranging from 0,1 % by
                                                         粒徑與結構分析的標準。
            volume up to 50 % or more by volume,
       depending on the density contrast between the
         continuous and the dispersed phases. These
          methods can be used to monitor dynamic
          changes in the size distribution, including
       agglomeration or flocculation in concentrated
                            systems.
          This Technical Specification specifies the
              method for determining particle size       ISO是國際標準化組織(Inter
       distribution of ultra-fine powders by the small   national Organization for
             angle X-ray scattering technique. It is     Standardization)的簡稱,
2001
       applicable to particle sizes ranging from 1 nm    此篇為ISO對使用小角度x-
        to 300 nm. In the data analysis, it is assumed   ray散射儀進行粒徑分析的標
          that particles are isotropic and spherically   準。
                             shaped.
        This part of ISO 13320 provides guidance on
           the measurement of size distributions of
            particles in any two-phase system, for
              example powders, sprays, aerosols,
         suspensions, emulsions and gas bubbles in
       liquids, through analysis of their angular light
          scattering patterns. It does not address the
             specific requirements of particle size
                                                          ISO是國際標準化組織(Inter
       measurement of specific products. This part of
                                                          national Organization for
           ISO 13320 is applicable to particle sizes
                                                          Standardization)的簡稱,
1999      ranging from approximately 0,1 μm to 3
                                                          此篇為ISO對使用雷射繞射法
                               mm.
                                                          進行粒徑分析:Part1:一般性
          For non-spherical particles, an equivalent-
                                                          原則的標準。
         sphere size distribution is obtained because
       the technique uses the assumption of spherical
         particles in its optical model. The resulting
          particle size distribution may be different
          from those obtained by methods based on
        other physical principles (e.g. sedimentation,
                            sieving).

                                                          ISO是國際標準化組織(Inter
                                                          national Organization for
1996                                                      Standardization)的簡稱,
                                                          ,此篇為使用PCS方法進行粒
                                                          徑分析的標準。
                                                          ISO是國際標準化組織(Inter
                                                          national Organization for
2007                                                      Standardization)的簡稱,
                                                          此篇為ISO對工作場所之奈米
                                                          微粒暴露監測的標準。
                                                          ISO是國際標準化組織(Inter
                                                          national Organization for
2008                                                      Standardization)的簡稱,
                                                          此篇為ISO對奈米相關作業設
                                                          施之健康與安全實務的標準。
                                                          NCL為美國奈米科技特性描述
                                                          實驗室,主要執行奈米粒子物
2007                                                      化特性、臨床前效力與毒性評
                                                          估試驗。此篇為NCL使用桌上
                                                          型DLS進行水相中奈米粒子之
                                                          粒徑分析。
                                                        NCL為美國奈米科技特性描述
                                                        實驗室,主要執行奈米粒子物
                                                        化特性、臨床前效力與毒性評
2007
                                                        估試驗。此篇為NCL對functio
                                                        nalized
                                                        fullerenes進行物化特性、毒
                                                        性試驗及免疫特性等試驗。
                                                        NCL為美國奈米科技特性描述
                                                        實驗室,主要執行奈米粒子物
                                                        化特性、臨床前效力與毒性評
2006                                                    估試驗。此篇為NCL對Dendrim
                                                        er-Based MRI Contrast
                                                        Agents進行物化特性、毒性試
                                                        驗及免疫特性等試驗。
                                                        NCL為美國奈米科技特性描述
                                                        實驗室,主要執行奈米粒子物
                                                        化特性、臨床前效力與毒性評
2007
                                                        估試驗。此篇為NCL對Ceramid
                                                        e
                                                        Liposomes進行物化特性、毒
                                                        性試驗及免疫特性等試驗。
                                                        NIST為美國國家標準與技術局
                                                        ,研發與制定各項標準。此篇
2001
                                                        為Nist對進行粒徑特性量測的
                                                        評估與討論。
       This Guide is intended to aid the operator of
        X-ray Photoelectron Spectrometers in their
          analysis of typical samples. It takes the     BSI為英國國家標準制定機構
           operator through the analysis from the       ,此篇為BSI對使用X射線光電
2009
       handing of the sample to the calibration and     子能譜儀進行分析表面化學性
       set up of the spectrometer, the acquisition of   質分析規範。
           wide and narrow scans and advice on
        quantification and preparation of the final
                           report.
        This Publicly Available Specification (PAS)
                  lists terms and definitions
            used in or associated with naming or
                  describing applications of
          nanotechnologies and nanomaterials for
                 medicinal products, medical
          devices, cosmetics, sunscreens and other      BSI為英國國家標準制定機構
                    personal care products.             ,此篇為BSI對奈米科技應用
2007
       This PAS is intended for use by technologists,   於醫學健康照顧所制定之標準
                           regulators,                  用辭。
         non-governmental organizations (NGOs),
                   consumer organizations,
         members of the public and others with an
                interest in the medical, health
              and personal care applications of
                        nanotechnology.
         This Publicly Available Specification lists
        terms and definitions currently in use in the
           field of nanoparticles. It is intended to    BSI為英國國家標準制定機構
2005         facilitate communications between          ,此篇為BSI對奈米粒子所制
       organizations and individuals in industry and    定之詞彙表。
       those who interact with them. This document
        does not include a nomenclature system for
                          nanoparticles.
超連結位置




http://www.astm.org/Standards/
E2490.htm




http://www.astm.org/DATABA
SE.CART/WORKITEMS/WK2
1915.htm




http://www.astm.org/Standards/
E2535.htm




http://www.astm.org/Standards/
E2456.htm
http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catal
ogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_det
ail.htm?csnumber=44278




http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue
_detail.htm?csnumber=39573




http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catal
ogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_det
ail.htm?csnumber=40942
http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catal
ogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_det
ail.htm?csnumber=39869




http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catal
ogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_det
ail.htm?csnumber=22376
http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catal
ogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_det
ail.htm?csnumber=21706




http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catal
ogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_det
ail.htm?csnumber=21707


http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catal
ogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_det
ail.htm?csnumber=44243


http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catal
ogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_det
ail.htm?csnumber=52093



http://ncl.cancer.gov/working_as
say-cascade.asp
http://ncl.cancer.gov/working_te
chnical_reports.asp




http://ncl.cancer.gov/working_te
chnical_reports.asp




http://ncl.cancer.gov/working_te
chnical_reports.asp



http://www.nist.gov/public_affai
rs/practiceguides/practiceguides.
htm



http://www.bsigroup.com/en/Sh
op/Publication-
Detail/?pid=0000000000301918
95
www.nanointeract.net/x/file/PA
S%20131.pdf




http://www.bsi-
global.com/Standards-and-
Publications/Industry-
Sectors/Nanotechnologies/PAS-
71/Download-PAS-712005-
Vocabulary---Nanoparticles/
文件編碼 組織       國別      類別            名稱                                      編號

                                    A review of the scientific literature
                                    on the safety of nanoparticulate
01   TGA    Australin strategy
                                    titanium dioxide or zinc oxide in
                                    sunscreens



                                    Opinion on the ethical aspects of
02   EGE      EU      strategy
                                    nanomedicine


                                    Reflection paper on
03   EMEA     EU      strategy      nanotechnology-based
                                    medicinal products for Human
                                    Use
                                    Sunscreen Drug Products for
                                                                 21 CFR
                                    Over-the-Counter Human Use;
04   FDA      USA     strategy                                   Parts 347
                                    Proposed Amendment of Final
                                                                 and 352
                                    Monograph; Proposed Rule


                                    A Report of the U.S. Food and Drug
05   FDA      USA     strategy      Administration Nanotechnology
                                    Task Force



                                    IRGC White Paper on
06   IRGC             risk govern
                                    Nanotechnology Risk Governance

                                  Appropriate Risk Governance
07   IRGC             risk govern Strategies for Nanotechnology
                                  Applications in Food and
                                  Cosmetics Nanotechnology-
                                  Strategy for
08   NNI              strategy    Related Environmental, Health,
                                  and Safety Research
出版日期 簡述                           超連結位置
      此篇為澳洲衛生部藥物管理局
      (Therapeutic Goods
      Administration,             http://www.tga.gov.au/npmeds/s
 2006
      TGA)針對含有奈米級TiO2與Zn          unscreen-zotd.htm
      O防曬品之安全性進行科學文
      獻回顧。
      此篇為歐洲科學與新科技倫理
                                  http://www.nanowerk.com/nanot
      小組(European Group on
                                  echnology/reports/Opinion_on_t
 2007 Ethics in Science and New
                                  he_Ethical_Aspects_of_Nanome
      Technologies;EGE)對奈米
                                  dicine.html
      生醫相關領域提出意見。
      此篇為歐洲醫藥管理局(EMEA)            http://www.emea.europa.eu/pdfs
 2006 對奈米生醫產品相關領域提出               /human/genetherapy/7976906en.
      意見報告。                       pdf
                                  http://www.fda.gov/Cosmetics/
        此篇為美國FDA針對防曬化粧
 2007                             GuidanceComplianceRegulatory
        品公告管理辦法。
                                  Information/default.htm
        美國FDA自2006年成立US Food
        and Drug Administration   http://www.fda.gov/ScienceRese
        Nanotechnology Task       arch/SpecialTopics/Nanotechnol
 2007
        Force,組成專家小組定期研           ogy/NanotechnologyTaskForce
        討奈米生醫產品的法規,此篇             Report2007/default.htm
        為2007年出版研究報告。
                         http://www.nanowerk.com/nanot
        歐洲國際風險治理協會(IRGC)
                         echnology/reports/IRGC_White
 2006   對奈米科技風險管理所提出的
                         _Paper_on_Nanotechnology_Ris
        白皮書。
                         k_Governance.html
        歐洲國際風險治理協會(IRGC
                         http://www.irgc.org/Appropriate-
 2009   )對奈米科技於食品和化妝品
                         risk-governance.html
        應用所提出的風險管理策略。
        美國奈米科技先導計畫(NNI)
                         www.nano.gov/NNI_EHS_Rese
 2008   對環境、健康、安全性研究策
                         arch_Strategy.pdf
        略。

								
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