Example Prenuptial Agreement - PowerPoint by pwq12627

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									        Chapter 3:
Family Rules, Structure, and
       Development



                               1
Rules and Structure
• Rules -> _________ patterns -> structure
• Each family has unique structure
• __________ describe what is supposed to be;
  _____ relate to what is.
• Remember rules are often _______/out of
  awareness




                                                2
How Do Rules and Structure Develop?
• Prenuptial agreement?
• Cultural Influences
• Family-of-Origin Influences
• “In your couple relationship, you either repeat
  what you learned in your family or you tend to
  do the opposite.” (Olson)
• Personality Influences/biological influences

                                                    3
     Is there an ideal family structure?
  Healthy families are similar in 3 ways:
  (Nichols)
1. Clear _________
2. Hierarchical __________:
    In healthy families “there is an
    unambiguous hierarchy of power, with
    leadership in the hands of the parents, who
    form a united coalition.” (Nichols)
3. ________                                       4
•   Satir’s: Healthy rules should support 5
    freedoms: p___, t___, f___, c___, sa ___.
•   Healthy/Unhealthy rules: p. 59-60
    Burr, Day, and Behr: Families can only
    operate when … shared, implicit,
    _________ comfortable. p. 62.




                                                5
Characteristics and Functions of
Rules (p. 61-62).
•   Often implicit
•   Allow for accountability
•   Denote physical and psychological boundaries
•   Regulate closeness and distance
•   Regulate roles
•   Regulate flexibility-rigidity and exceptions
•   Address implementation and violation.

                                                   6
 Dancing in Families
• Rule Sequences:
  connected ______ of rules that governs a complex
  pattern of behavior
• Involve a ______ pattern
• Can be healthy - rituals
• Can be unhealthy, called____________, p. 64.
• Sometimes called ______
• Examples, p. 64
• Example - Brice family, p. 17 Crucible; textbook
  examples, p. 64.
                                                     7
Dances Couples Do
  •   Pursuer/Distancer Dance
  •   Drifting Dance
  •   Conflictual Dance
  •   The Circular Dance
  •   The Overfunction-Underfunction Dance
  •   Purpose of dances -
  •   Often regulate & control some ______ and deal
      with issues of ___________________. p.68

                                                      8
Cohesion and Adaptability – Olson’s
Model
• Cohesion __________ the forces which ____ family
  members together
• Families vary on cohesion (closeness)
• p. 69-70
• Dimensions measured by FACES inventory

 Disengaged   Separated   Connected    Enmeshed


                                                     9
• Adaptability _________; how easily
  families can change or modify their rules
• Families vary in regard to
  adaptability/flexibility


  Rigid   Structured   Flexible   Chaotic




                                              10
Olson’s circumplex model, p. 70.




                                   11
                              X                                                                 X

                                              +                +               +
                                              +                +               +
                                              +                +               +
                              X                                                                 X


There are nine Balanced types (+) and they are called Balanced because they are in the balanced range (3
central levels) on both closeness and flexibility.
   In our studies of families, about 2/3 (66%) of families fall into the Balanced types. Also, our studies have
indicated that these Balanced types have the most healthy and happy families.
The four Unbalanced types (X) are less common and the most extreme because they are Unbalanced on both
dimensions of closeness and flexibility.
   Over 80% of families that have major problems in their family (like adolescent runaways, drug use and
abuse, other types of abuse) and also those that come for family therapy fall into these four unbalanced12 types.
Family Beliefs and Ideology
 • Family ideology - a ______belief system,
   central to guiding family _____,
   goals, and way of being
 • Covey’s family _______ statement
 • Mission statement would influence rules and rules
   lead to predictable behavior.



                                                       13
                      Our Marriage
                                 p.72
                            In our marriage
         we promise to work together and cooperate in love
            rather than be pulled apart by our differences.
          We realize that work, children, and other duties
                      will often come between us
                                   but
               We promise never to allow this for long
                                   for
we realize that the foundation of our lives is our loving relationship.
               So we pledge to honor our relationship,
             nurture our friendship, and sustain our love.
                                Forever.                             14
                      Our Family
                               p. 73
                   Our family is a place where we will
                 love, encourage, and nurture each other.
     We will teach each other about our similarities and differences
                 and learn to appreciate and respect both.
       We will teach each other about the world outside the family
 so that we will be better prepared to meet the challenges of that world.
 We will know that the journey of life begins in closeness and involves
                      a gradual separation over time.
         When we are close we will attempt to nurture and love
so that when we separate we will feel confident in making our own way.
                           So be it in our family.

                                                                      15
Different Ideology Systems
• Sometimes called family _________
• Three types:
1. ______ – “right way” - traditional, parental
   authority, somewhat rigid
2._____ – flexible, tolerant, negotiates
3. _______ – few set schedules and rules, individual
   freedom
 What happens when these families experience
   problems?
• The ___________ principle – family tries
  harder, exaggerates it own character.                16
The Importance of Early Understandings
• The Epigenesis Principle-
  what is done in the ______ stages in a relationship
  influences what can be and is done in later stages
• Concrete example
• When there is input that pushes for change
  opposing forces in the family system attempt to preserve
  the status quo.
• Morphostasis/morphostasis principle - the push to stay
  the same - attenuating/negative feedback
• Morphogenesis/morphogensis principle – the push to
  change – amplifying/positive feedback
                                                             17
Why is Change so Difficult in Families?
Burr, Day and Bahr
Early rules have significant ________ and are
 associated with deeply felt ________
Many beliefs and feelings are __________ or
 partially unconscious
A rule becomes a part of a complex web of rules;
 any attempt to change one rule has implications
 concerning other things.


                                                    18
• Burr, Day, and Bahr state: (chap. 3, p. 77)
• “Anyone who thinks couples can go back and
  restructure the basic aspects of their relationship
  just does not understand the nature of family
  systems”
• “A few parts of relationships can be changed later,
  but a large number of things cannot,
  and it usually takes a great effort to make even
  small changes.”


                                                    19
Change
• Although change difficult, change does occur
• Some examples that produce change:
  - the birth of a first child,
  - your mother-in-law coming to live with you,
  - your child growing up and needing fewer rules
• Family not completely set or static
  Stability may characterize each day
  but some change does occur over time

                                                    20
What Produces Change?

• Expected Events – p. 78.
• Called ____________ changes-
  Are predictable, expected part of life
• Examples:
• Couple has first child
• Child going off to school
• Teenager learning to drive

                                           21
         The Family Life Cycle: Six Stages

The unattached young adult
Marriage
The family with young children
The family with adolescents
Launching children and moving on
The family in later life (p. 79)

 Life course – many decisions and choices alter the life
  course. Thus, life can take many directions.
                                                           22
 Other events which produce change . . .
• Unexpected Events: called ________________
  changes –
   not an expected part of life course (p. 80).
• Examples:
   - husband seriously injured in auto accident
   - loss of job
   - child arrested for drug possession
   - adolescent announces he is gay
  - divorce
   - child becomes seriously ill.
                                                  23
• Family does not usually have constant rate of
  change
• but tend to have periods of relative stability
  followed by change
• Periods of stability called ______
• Periods of change called _________.




                                                   24
What Individuals Learn as
Family Life Unfolds
• Judith Viorst’s Necessary Losses
• Roger Gould’s transformations
• False assumptions learned in childhood must be
  overcome
• Approximately 22-28 (false assumptions)
1) Life is fair
2) There is one right way
3) Others can do for me what I am unable to do for
  myself.                                            25
• Later false assumptions
1) When I know something intellectually, I
  truly understand it
2) I understand those close to me quite well
3) I do not possess the undesirable
  characteristics of my parents
4) There are no real threats to my security.



                                               26

								
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