Eastern Massachusetts National Wildlife Refuge Complex - Refuge Brochures by FWSdocs

VIEWS: 48 PAGES: 15

									U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Eastern
Massachusetts
National Wildlife
Refuge Complex
Eastern Massachusetts                         Welcome to
                                              the Eastern
                                                                  Situated along the Atlantic Flyway
                                                                  in Massachusetts, the Eastern
National Wildlife Refuge                      Massachusetts
                                              National Wildlife
                                                                  Massachusetts National Wildlife
                                                                  Refuge Complex is comprised of
Complex contains eight                        Refuge Complex      eight ecologically diverse refuges.
                                                                  The eight separate refuges include
of more than 547 refuges                                          inland and coastal wetlands, forests,
                                                                  grasslands, and barrier beaches
in the National Wildlife                                          that provide important habitat for
                                                                  migratory birds, mammals, plants,
Refuge System which is                        This blue goose,
                                                                  reptiles, and amphibians. The U.S.
                                                                  Fish & Wildlife Service manages
administered by the U.S.                      designed by J.N.
                                              “Ding” Darling,
                                                                  these areas to maintain a vital and
                                                                  diverse environment for the area’s
Fish and Wildlife Service.                    has become the
                                              symbol of the
                                                                  inhabitants. Refuges are managed to
                                                                  conserve and protect a diversity of
The National Wildlife                         National Wildlife
                                              Refuge System.
                                                                  native wildlife habitats and species.
                                                                  The refuge complex encompasses
Refuge System is a network                                        several endangered and threatened
                                                                  species, the only federally designated
of lands and waters                                               Wilderness Area in Southern New
                                                                  England, one structure on the
managed specifically for                                          National Register of Historic Places,
                                                                  and a National Wild and Scenic River.
the protection of wildlife
and wildlife habitat
and represents the most                       Canoeing on the Concord River.

comprehensive wildlife
resource management
program in the world.
Units of the system stretch
across the United States
from northern Alaska to
the Florida Keys, and
include small islands in
the Caribbean and South
Pacific. The character of
                              Sherry Fendel




the refuges is as diverse
as the nation itself.
What is a National Eastern Massachusetts NWR                             Aquatic weed
Wildlife Refuge?   Complex consists of eight of the more                 harvester at
                   than 547 refuges in the National                      work.
                   Wildlife Refuge System
                   administered by the U.S. Fish and
                   Wildlife Service. The National
                   Wildlife Refuge System is charged
                   with maintaining approximately
                   100 million acres of habitat for




                                                                                                                                    USFWS
                                                                         What We Do        Wildlife management within the
                                                                                           complex focuses on creating and
                                                                                           maintaining productive habitat
                                                                                           for a healthy diversity of species.
                                                                                           Management tools include exotic




                                                           Mark Wilson
                                                                                           plant control, barrier beach
                                                                                           management, avian diversity
Piping plover at
                                                                                           control, and water level manipulation.
Monomey NWR.
                                                                                           Management can be as simple as
                   endangered species, over 700 avian                                      maintaining old fields, which provide
                   species, 220 mammalian species,                                         homes for birds and butterflies, or
                   250 reptilian and amphibian species,                                    as involved as carefully timed draw-
                   anadromous fish and much, much                                          downs of refuge pools. Exotic plant
                   more. The National Wildlife Refuge                                      control helps maintain the natural
                   System is a network of lands and                                        diversity found in wetland and
                   waters managed specifically for the                                     upland communities. Water level
                   protection of wildlife and wildlife                                     manipulation can change the
                   habitat, and represents the most                                        habitat and provide food and
                   comprehensive wildlife management                                       cover for fish and wildlife.
                   program in the world. Units of the




                                                                         Sunset on Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
                                                           USFWS




Life in a sea
of green.
                   system stretch across the United
                   States from northern Alaska to
                   the Florida Keys and include small
                   islands in the Caribbean and South
                   Pacific. The character of the refuges                                                                            Paul Olsen
                   is as diverse as the nation itself.
Great blue heron                                                            Endangered          Several barrier beaches are found
in a sea of water                                                           Species             in the Eastern Massachusetts NWR
chestnut.                                                                   Management          Complex. These areas are used
                                                                                                by a number of threatened and
                                                                                                endangered species and are major
                                                                                                stopover spots for migratory birds.




                                                            Sandy Selesky
Exotic Plant        Exotic, non-native plants are a
Management          major threat at most of the refuges
                    in the complex. At Great Meadows
                    NWR, two such plants are purple




                                                                                                                                          Stephanie Koch
                    loosestrife and water chestnut. These
                    exotic plants have practically taken
                    over many of the refuge wetlands and                    Monomoy NWR
                    waterways because natural predators                     Beach.
                    are not present in the United States                                        Intensive management efforts have
                    to keep the plants in balance.                                              been underway at Monomoy NWR
                                                                                                for many years to increase piping
                    Many people agree that purple                                               plover and roseate tern nesting
                    loosestrife is an attractive plant                                          success. A restoration project that
                    with its purple flowering stalk. But                                        began in 1996 has increased the
                    loosestrife has little to no value to                                       availability of nesting habitat for
                    wildlife and dominates wetlands                                             birds protected by the Endangered
                    where cattails once flourished. After                                       Species Act on a portion of the refuge.
                    a decade of research, scientists have                                       This management has encouraged
                    found that beetles native to the                                            gulls to nest in other parts of the
                    plant’s European habitat are one                                            refuge so they would not compete
                    of the most successful control                                              with less abundant birds for nesting
                    methods for loosestrife. The release                                        space. Almost immediately after the
                    of weevels and beetles seems to be                                          project began, an increase was seen in
                    the best management solution.                                               the number and diversity of nesting
                    These beetles feed only on purple                                           species in the management area.
                    loosestrife. We have made progress
                    controlling loosestrife but more                        Reflections of
                    remains to be done.                                     great blue heron.

                    Controlling water chestnut is also
                    difficult. This plant forms a thick
                    green mat atop open water in
                    the summer. Currently, Eastern
                    Massachusetts NWR Complex is
                    managing water chestnut by lowering
                    water levels in refuge pools when
                    possible. This practice is expected
                    to minimize the water chestnut
                    population while encouraging the
                    growth of plants such as millet and
                    smartweed, which are beneficial                                                                                       Don Crasco
                    to wildlife. We also work with
                    neighboring towns to remove water
                    chestnut from the Sudbury River.
              Eastern             Transferred to the U.S. Fish and          Lily pads with
              Massachusetts       Wildlife Service from the U.S. Army       water chestnut.
              NWR Complex         in 2000, the 2,220-acre Assabet
              Assabet River       River NWR is located in the towns
              National Wildlife   of Maynard, Stow, Sudbury, and
              Refuge              Hudson. The refuge provides wildlife




                                                                                                                                         Sandy Selesky
                                  with a diversity of upland and wetland
              j                   habitats. The refuge complex visitor
                                  center will be located at this refuge.
                                  Wildlife observation and photography
                                  are allowed on 15 miles of trails.
                                                                                                Directions to the Concord Unit:
                                  Directions: The main entrance is on                           Travel to this area by following Route
                                  Hudson Road in Sudbury, 3 miles                               62 east from Concord Center toward
                                  west of the town center. The north                            Bedford. After approximately one
                                  entrance is off White Pond Road in                            mile, turn left onto Monsen Road.
Bruce Flaig




                                  Stow, about 1 mile south of Rte. 117.                         Continue on Monsen Road until you
                                                                                                see the refuge entrance on your left.
                                  The first refuge in the complex, Great                        Restroom facilities are available.
              Eastern Phoebe      Meadows NWR consists of two main
                                  units along 12 miles of the Sudbury       Mashpee             Located in the towns of Mashpee and
                                  and Concord Rivers. The original 250      National Wildlife   Falmouth, this refuge will total 5,871
              Great Meadows       acres were donated by local resident      Refuge              acres when complete, only a small
              National Wildlife   Samuel Hoar for the conservation                              percentage of which will be owned
              Refuge              of migratory waterfowl. Today this                            by the Fish and Wildlife Service.
                                  3,800-acre refuge is composed of                              Currently, about 300 acres are in
                                  freshwater wetlands and upland areas                          FWS ownership. Managed through
                                  that noted ornithologists have called                         a unique partnership among
                                  some of the best inland birding sites                         eight federal, state and private
                                  in all of Massachusetts. Trails are                           conservation groups, this Cape
                                  available at both units.                                      Cod refuge preserves thousands of
                                                                                                acres of magnificent salt marshes,
                                  The complex’s main office is located at                       cranberry bogs, Atlantic white cedar
                                  Great Meadows’ Sudbury Unit.                                  swamps, freshwater marshes, and
                                                                                                a vernal pool. It provides habitat
                                  Directions to Sudbury Unit: To reach                          for migratory waterfowl, songbirds,
                                  the headquarters at Weir Hill Road,       Osprey nesting at
                                  follow Route 27 (1.7 miles) from          Mashpee NWR.
              qa                  Wayland, turn right onto Water Row
                                  Road. Follow Water Row Road (1.2
                                  Miles) to the end, and turn right onto
                                  Lincoln Road. Travel 1/2-mile, then
                                  turn left onto Weir Hill Road.




                                                                                                                                         Cynthia Cronig
                                                                                   N E W B U RYPORT                                 Eastern
                                                                                                                                    Massachusetts
                                                                                                                                    National Wildlife
                                                                                            95

                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                                    Refuge Complex
                                                              495
                                                     3
                                                                         93
      Oxbow
     National                     H A R VA R D
                                           RD               Concord                        S ALEM
     Wildlife                                               Division                 95
      Refuge                             CONCORD
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                                   M AY N A R D
                                                                              Great Meadows
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                    as                           2                            National Wildlife
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    Wachusett       Assabet                                                   Refuge
    Reservoir          River
                    National                9            Sudbury
                                                                              90          B O STON
      395           Wildlife                             Division
                     Refuge
    WORCEST E R
                                           FRAMINGHAM               95

                             90
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                                                               95


                                                                                    24                    PLYMOUTH
                                                                                                                           Massasoit
                                                                     TA U N T O N                                    3
                                                                                                     44                    National
                                                                                                                           Wildlife Refuge
                                                                         44                    Great
                                                                                           Quittacus
                                                                                               Pond
                                                                                                          495
                                                                                              Long
                                                                                              Pond

                                                                                                                                  BARNSTABLE
                                                                                                                                  BARN STABLE              CHAT H A M
                                                                                    Watuppa                                                     6
                                                                                    Ponds                  6
                                                                                              195
                                                                                                                 FALMOUTH
                                                                                                                 FAL M OUTH                         Monomoy
                                                                                                                                   Mashpee          National
                                                                                                                                   National         Wildlife
                                                                                                                                   Wildlife         Refuge
                                                                                                                                   Refuge
                                                                                                                                              Nantucket
                                                                                                                  EDGART OWN
                                                                                                                  EDGARTOW N                  National
                                                                                                                                              Wildlife
                         N                                                                                                                    Refuge
                                                                             Nomans                             CHILMARK
                                                                             Land Island                                                      N ANTUCKET
                                                                             National
5      0                      10                 20 Miles                    Wildlife Refuge
                                                                          Massasoit           Located in Plymouth and
                                                                          National Wildlife   managed cooperatively with the
                                                                          Refuge              Massachusetts Division of Fisheries
                                                                                              and Wildlife, this 208-acre refuge
                                                                                              is home to the Plymouth red belly
                                                                                              turtle, a federally endangered species.
                                                                                              Research, monitoring, and recovery
                                                                                              efforts for the Plymouth red belly
                                                                                              turtle takes place at the refuge. To
                                                                                              protect this endangered turtle, the
                                                                                              refuge is closed to public access.




                                                            Bruce Flaig
Snapping turtle
                  shorebirds, raptors, red fox, and
                  white-tailed deer. Both educational
                  and recreational activities are offered
                  by several partnership groups
                  including the Waquoit Bay National
                  Estuarine Research Reserve.

                  Directions: Take Route 28 east
                  to Route 151 east to Mashpee
                  Commons. At the rotary take Great
                  Neck Road south to Jehu Pond




                                                                                                                                        Stephanie Koch
                  Conservation area parking lot. There
                  are public use areas on several of the
                  partner’s properties.

                                                                          Least Tern at Monomoy NWR.

                                                                          Monomoy             Located on the elbow of Cape Cod,
Silhouette at                                                             National Wildlife   in Chatham, this refuge is made
sunset.                                                                   Refuge              up of 7,244 acres of barrier beach,
                                                                                              sand dunes, freshwater ponds, and
                                                                                              saltwater marshes. Monomoy NWR
                                                                                              encompasses the only federally
                                                                                              designated Wilderness Area in
                                                                                              southern New England. Parts of the
                                                                                              refuge are seasonally closed to the
                                                                                              public to protect habitat for nesting
                                                                                              and feeding birds. The trails provide
                                                                                              visitors an opportunity to see a large
                                                                                              diversity of plants and animals.
                                                                                              Monomoy NWR is renowned for
                                                                                              its ability to support a wide variety
                                                                                              of bird species. Its barrier beaches
                                                            Paul Olsen




                                                                                              serve as a major stopover during the
                                                                                              migration along the Atlantic Flyway.
                    Directions: To reach the                                                  Nomans Land        Just off the coast of Martha’s
                    headquarters on Morris Island, take                                       Island National    Vineyard, these 628 acres of upland
                    U.S. Route 6 east to State Road 137,                                      Wildlife Refuge    and wetland habitat support many
                    follow SR137 south, to State Route                                                           migratory bird species including
                    28 east, follow Rt 28 through                                                                the peregrine falcon during its fall
                    Chatham to Chatham Lighthouse and                                                            migration. Due to its prior use as a
                    Coast Guard station. Take the first                                                          bombing range and the possibility of
                    left after the lighthouse, then the first                                                    unexploded ordnance, the island
                    right. Follow Morris Island Road to                                                          is closed to the public.
                    signs for the refuge on the left.

Nantucket           Located at the tip of Great Point
National Wildlife   on Nantucket Island, this 40-acre
Refuge              refuge provides surf fishing, wildlife
                    observation, and summer interpretive
                    programs. The refuge is managed
                    cooperatively with The Trustees of
                    Reservations. The barrier beach
                    habitat at Nantucket NWR provides
                    habitat for piping plovers, migratory
                    waterfowl, and shorebirds. Parts
                    of the refuge are seasonally closed
                    to the public to protect habitat for
                    nesting, feeding, and resting birds.
                    The refuge also provides access to
                    some of the best saltwater fishing in
                    the northeast.




                                                                                                                                                         Bruce Flaig
                    Directions: The refuge is located
                    at the northern tip of Great Point
                    on Nantucket.
                                                                                              Blandings Turtle


Nantucket Great Point Lighthouse.

                                                                                              Oxbow National     Situated along the Nashua River
                                                                                              Wildlife Refuge    in Harvard, Ayer, Shirley, and
                                                                                                                 Lanscaster, this 1667-acre refuge is
                                                                                                                 made up of freshwater wetlands and
                                                                                                                 more than 2 miles of walking trails
                                                                                                                 takes visitors along the river bank,
                                                                                                                 across oxbow ponds, and through
                                                                                              Dragonfly          beaver habitat.

                                                                                                                 Directions: The refuge can be reached
                                                                                                                 by taking Route 110 south from
                                                                                                                 Harvard Center for 1.8 miles and
                                                                Janet Kennedy




                                                                                                                 turning right onto Still River Depot
                                                                                Bruce Flaig




                                                                                                                 Road. The refuge entrance and
                                                                                                                 parking lot are across the railroad
                                                                                                                 tracks and adjacent to the river.
                     Opportunities      At many of our refuges, opportunities                               Boating and fishing are allowed in
                     for People         for public enjoyment of wildlife
                                        and wildlife habitat through
                                                                                          sy                the Concord, Sudbury, and Nashua
                                                                                                            Rivers, but not in refuge pools.
                                        environmental education and                                         Canoeing, kayaking and fishing are
                                        interpretation are provided.                                        allowed at Puffer Pond at the Assabet
Juanita Blaskowski




                                                                                                            River NWR.
                                        Public support and involvement are
                                        essential elements for a successful                                 The disturbance, destruction, or
                                        refuge. Volunteer and friends                                       removal of wildlife, vegetation, and
                                        groups at individual refuges play                                   facilities are prohibited.
                     Student field      a vital role in their success. To get
                     trip and outdoor   involved, call or visit your local                                  This is your refuge, but not only
                     classroom with     national wildlife refuge and tell                                   yours. Enjoy it, but please do nothing
                     USFWS volunteer    them you want to help preserve                                      to harm it.
                     Bob Reed.          your national treasures.
                                                                                          For Further       Eastern Massachusetts
                     A Few Simple       All persons using the refuges are                 Information,      National Wildlife Refuge Complex
                     Rules              asked to comply with local, state,                Please Contact:   73 Weir Hill Road
                                        and federal laws, regulations, and                                  Sudbury, Massachusetts 01776
                                        ordinances, as well as with any                                     978/443 4661
                                        refuge-specific regulations. For                                    978/443 2898 Fax
                                        more information, contact the
                                        headquarters.                                     Office Hours      Monday-Friday, 8:00 am to 4:00 pm

                                        Use of designated trails within the                                 Hearing impaired may call the
                     Ng                 refuge for nature study, hiking and
                                        photography is permitted from one-
                                                                                                            Massachusetts Relay Service at:
                                                                                                            1 800/439 2370.
                     jB                 half hour before sunrise to one-half
                                        hour after sunset.

                                        The refuges are closed to all domestic
                                        pets. No horses are permitted.

                                        Bicycles and motorized vehicles are
                                        restricted to the entrance roads and              Buttonbush
                                        parking areas.

                                        Camping, building campfires,
                                        swimming, and ATVs/ORVs are not
                                        permitted.

                                        Hunting is available at Assabet River,
                     E                  Great Meadows, and Oxbow NWR.
                                        Please contact refuge headquarters
                                        for specific regulations. Not all parts
                                        of these refuges are open to hunting
                                        and hunt seasons are limited. A
                                        refuge permit is required.
                                                                                  USFWS
                                     LEGEND
Wildlife Watching Tips
                                     Rivers/Stream
Dawn and dusk are the best
times to see wildlife.
                                     Cranberry bog
In warmer climates, little is
moving on hot summer                 Trails
afternoons or on windy days.
                                     Lake or Pond
Observe from the sidelines.
Leave “abandoned” young              Marsh, Wetland, Swamp or Bog
animals alone. A parent is
probably close by waiting for        Primary Route
you to leave. Don’t offer snacks;
your lunch could disrupt wild        Road or Street
digestive systems.
                                     Sudbury Unit
Cars make good observation
blinds. Drive slowly, stopping       Concord Unit
to scan places wildlife might
hide. Use binoculars or a long       Refuge Boundary
lens for a closer look.
                                     Refuge Headquarters
Try sitting quietly in one good
location. Let wildlife get used to   Parking Lots
your presence. Many animals
that have hidden will reappear       Heated Comfort Station
once they think you are gone.
Walk quietly in designated           Observation/Photo Blind
areas, being aware of sounds
and smells. Often you will hear      Canoe/Boat Launch
more than you will see.

Teach children quiet
observation. Other wildlife
watchers will appreciate your
consideration.

Look for animal signs. Tracks,
scat, feathers, and nests left
behind often tell interesting
stories.
                                                                                                                                              27
Assabet River                                                                                                                                                                                         Great Meadows
                                                                                                                                                                                                      National Wildlife
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       BILLERICA

National Wildlife                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3

Refuge                                                                                                                                                                                                Refuge
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Concord/Sudbury Units
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                                                                                                                                                                                                             Pelham
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     126

0                                1                                             2 Miles
  Mashpee                                                                                                                                                           Massasoit
  National Wildlife                                                                                                                                                 National Wildlife
  Refuge                                                                                    130                                                                     Refuge
                                                                                                                                                                            Plymouth
                                                                                                                                Wakeby
               N                                                                                                                 Pond

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Atlantic
  0           1.25          2.5 Miles                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ocean
                                                                                                                          Mashpee                                  44
                                                                                                                           Pond


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  East                                                                       Ro                                                                                         MILES STANDISH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Wildlife Refuge
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                                                                            Meadow Neck




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                                                                                                                                                                                                         0                           1                       2
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                                National Wildlife                        National Wildlife
        1
                                          Refuge                         Refuge
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             137                    28


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COD                                                        Main St
                                                                                N
                          28

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                                                             Island
                                                             Rd
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                                            Bridge S

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                     0              1.75                     3.5 Miles
q                                              MENEMSHA              Oxbow                                                                                                               111

    AQUINNAH                                                         National                                                                 2A

                                                                     Wildlife
                 MARTHA’S                                            Refuge
                 VINEYARD




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                                                               i v er




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                                                                                                                                         Lake
                                                                                                                                             Little
                                                                                                                                             Mirror                                        Exit 3
                                                                                                                                              Lake                                                8
                                                                Exit 3
                                                                      7B
                                                                                                                                                                               2
                      0              1.75       3.5 Miles
      Nomans Land
      Island
                                                              RT




                                                                                                                                                                                        110
                                                            FO




                                                                                                                                                                                        111
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                                                                                                                                                                                      Ha
to Public Use)
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                                                                                                                                                                  110
                                                            M


                                                                              N




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                                                                         IO
                                                                        AT
                                                                 RV
                                                              SE
                                                            RE




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                                                                                                              St
                                                                                                             De ill Riv
                                                                                                               pot er
                                                                                                                     Rd                                       N                               111

                          National Wildlife
                                                                                                                      7
                                                                                                                ute 11




                           Refuge Complex
                                                                                                           to Ro




                                                                                                                                0                             .75                  1.5 Miles
Eastern Massachusetts
National Wildlife Refuge Complex
73 Weir Hill Road
Sudbury, Massachusetts 01776
978/443 4661
978/443 2898 Fax
r5rw_emnwr@fws.gov
www.fws.gov/northeast/easternmanwrcomplex

Massachusetts Relay Service
1 800/439 2370

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
http://www.fws.gov/r5fws/ma/grm.htm

For Refuge Information
1 800/344 WILD

October 2007




Cover photograph of a dragonfly on Great Meadows
National Wildlife Refuge by Bruce Flaig

								
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