Event Data Recorder by imb12814

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									                                                                 Accident Type
    Safety Measure              Short description
                                                                 (primary)


    Lane departure warnig       Driver warning if vehicle is     single truck
1
    system                      likely to leave the land         accidents
                                Stabilze vehicle by single
                                wheel braking when yaw-          single truck
2 ESP
                                rate does not reflect the        accidents
                                steering angle
                                Measure the vehicle health       general
3 On Board Diagnostics
                                status                           approach
                                Stabilze vehicle by single
                                wheel braking when speed         single truck
4 Roll Over Protection
                                and steering angel causes        accidents
                                threat of roll over
                                Controlls distance to vehicle    rear end
5 Adaptive Cruise Controll
                                in front                         collisions
                                Activates car crumble zone       Car/Truck
6 Front Underride Protection
                                in case of a front crash         accident
                                Driver warning if vehicle is
                                                                 Car/Truck
6 Lane Change Assistent         likely to hit other vehicle in
                                                                 accident
                                case of a lane change
                                As ESP but predictive            single truck
    Predictive ESP
                                activation using maps            accidents
    Driver Alterness Monitoring, Monitor drivers behaviour to
                                                              general
    Driver Drowsiness            gain information about his
                                                              approach
    Monitoring                   alterness


                                Use in truck technique to
    Night View,                                                  general
                                optimize vision (active and
    vision enhancement                                           approach
                                passive infrared)

                             Gives driver alert, if load         single truck
    Load monitoring
                             moves                               accidents
    Side wind compensation,  Compensation of external            single truck
    tyre rut compensation    forces to avoid instabilities       accidents
                             driver warning and/or
                             emergency braking in case           Car/Truck
    Emergency Braking System
                             of rear end (later front)           accident
                             collision
                                                             general
Stop and Go Assistance       ACC at low speeds
                                                             approach
                            Activates car crumble zone       Car/Truck
Side underride protection
                            in case of a sidecrash           accident
                            Driver warning if case of
                                                             Car/Truck
Intersection Assistance     upcomming intersection
                                                             accident
                            accident
                            Driver warning in case of
                                                             Vulnerable raod
Turn off Assistance         obstacle in blind spot during
                                                             users
                            turn off
                            Driver warning if other
                                                             general
Inter vehicle Communication vehicle seems to hit own
                                                             approach
                            trajectory
Vehicle Infrastructure                                       general
Communication                                                approach
                             Run-off the road acc. at
                             curves/junctions; Coll. with    general
Adaptive Head Lights
                             obstacles after                 approach
                             curves/junctions
                             Driver warning if vehicle is
                             likely to leave the lane,       single truck
Lane Keeping Assistant
                             additional steering torque to   accidents
                             correct vehicle course
                             Warning to driver, if vehicle
                                                             general
Seat Belt Warning            is starting and belt is not
                                                             approach
                             properly fixed
Runflat Indicator / Tire   Driver warning if tyre runs       general
Pressure Monitoring System flat                              approach

                             Highlight brake lights in case rear end
Adaptive Brake Lights
                             of an emergency brake          collisions
                             Store vehicle data in case of   general
Event data recorder
                             an accident                     approach
                             Standardized Emergency          general
e-call
                             Call                            approach
                          Market
                       Introduction




                  2004 und früher
                                    2004 to 2008
                                                   2008 to 2012
                                                                  later
Introduction
Obstacle



costs              X


costs              X


                   X


costs              X


costs              X

costs              X


costs              X

Maturity,
liability
Maturity,
liability, no
system
approach
costs,
special working
place causes
adaption
problems

costs

costs


costs                                X
costs                    X

costs            X
Infrastructure
, costs,                     X
maturity

costs            X

maturity,
introduction                 X
concept
maturity,
introduction                 X
concept

costs                X



maturity,
                         X
costs

user
                 X
acceptance


costs                X


costs                X

user
               X
acceptance
Infrastructure
, costs,
                                                            Accident Type
Safety Measure               Short description              (primary) /
                                                            normal driving


Lane departure warning       Driver warning if vehicle is   single truck
system                       likely to leave the lane       accidents
                             Stabilize vehicle by single
ESP for drawbar              wheel braking when yaw-        single truck
combinations                 rate does not reflect the      accidents
                             steering angle
                             Stabilize vehicle by single
                             wheel braking when yaw-        single truck
ESP for semitrailer trucks
                             rate does not reflect the      accidents
                             steering angle
                             Measure the vehicle health     general
On Board Diagnostics
                             status                         approach
                             Stabilize vehicle by single
                             wheel braking when speed       single truck
Roll Over Protection
                             and steering angel causes      accidents
                             threat of roll over
                             Stabilize vehicle by single
Rollover for drawbar-        wheel braking when speed       single truck
combination                  and steering angel causes      accidents
                             threat of roll over
                                                            normal driving /
                             Controlls distance to vehicle
Adaptive Cruise Controll                                    rear end
                             in front
                                                            collisions
Rigid Front Underride        Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck
Protection                   in case of a front crash       accident
Flexible Front Underride     Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck
Protection                   in case of a front crash       accident
Extended Flexible Front      Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck
Underride Protection         in case of a front crash       accident
                             Driver warning if vehicle is
                                                            Car/Truck
Lane Change Assistant        likely to hit other vehicle in
                                                            accident
                             case of a lane change
                             As ESP but predictive          single truck
Predictive ESP
                             activation using maps          accidents
Driver Alertness Monitoring,
                             Monitor drivers behaviour to
Driver Drowsiness
                             gain information about his   normal driving
Monitoring, Health
                             alertness
monitoring
                             Measures alcohol in the
Alcohol Detection                                              normal driving
                             breath


                             Use in truck technique to         general
Night View,
                             optimize vision (active and       approach
vision enhancement
                             passive infrared)                 /normal driving

Load center of gravity   Gives driver alert, if load           single truck
monitoring               (center of gravity)moves              accidents
Side wind compensation,  Compensation of external              single truck
tyre rut compensation    forces to avoid instabilities         accidents
                         driver warning and/or
                                                               Car/Truck
Emergency Braking System emergency braking in case
                                                               accident
                         of rear end collision
                         driver warning and/or
Emergency Braking System                                       Car/Truck
                         emergency braking in case
+                                                              accident
                         of front/front collision
                                                               general
                             ACC at low speeds, driver
Stop and Go Assistance                                         approach/norm
                             activated go
                                                               al driving
                             Keeps vulnerable road user
                                                           Vulnerable raod
Side underride protection    to be hurt on the side of the
                                                           users
                             truck
side underride               Activates car crumble zone        Car/Truck
protection/crash             in case of a sidecrash            accident
                            Driver warning if case of risk
Intersection Assistance,                                       Car/Truck
                            of upcomming intersection
wide angle forward looking                                     accident
                            accident
                            Driver warning if case of risk
Intersection Assistance                                        Car/Truck
                            of upcomming intersection
/Infrastructure                                                accident
                            accident
                            Driver warning in case of
                            obstacle and a vulnerable          Vulnerable road
Turn off Assistance
                            road user in blind spot            users
                            during turn off
                            Driver warning if other
                                                               general
Inter vehicle Communication vehicle seems to hit own
                                                               approach
                            trajectory
Vehicle Infrastructure
Communication dangereous goal needs to be described            normal driving
good information
Vehicle Infrastructure
                             goal: fast alerting of the fire
Communication                                                  after crash
                             brigade
fire/leackage information
Vehicle Infrastructure           goal: improved traffic
Communication Improved           management, rescue              normal driving
hazard warning                   service, driver warnings
Vehicle Infrastructure
Communication
Speed Alert                      well known : no                 normal driving

ISAD                             well known : no                 normal driving


Vehicle Infrastructure                                           general
                                 s. intersection assistance
Communication                                                    approach
                                 highlight the vehicle course    general
Adaptive Head Lights
                                 in case of turning off          approach
                                 highlight the vehicle course
                                                                 general
Adaptive Head Lights             in case of turning off using
                                                                 approach
                                 maps
                                 Driver warning if vehicle is
                                 likely to leave the lane,       single truck
Lane Keeping Assistant
                                 additional steering torque to   accidents
                                 correct vehicle course
                                 Warning to driver, if vehicle
                                                                 general
Seat Belt Warning                is starting and belt is not
                                                                 approach
                                 properly fixed
                                                                 general
Runflat Indicator / Tire   Driver warning if tyre runs
                                                                 approach/norm
Pressure Monitoring System flat
                                                                 al driving
                                 Highlight brake lights in case rear end
Adaptive Brake Lights
                                 of an emergency brake          collisions
                                 additional warning for          Vulnerable road
Additional turn off indicators
                                 vulnerable                      users
                                 Store vehicle data in case of general
Event data recorder
                                 an accident                   approach

                                                                 general
                                 Standardized Emergency
e-call                                                           approach, after
                                 Call
                                                                 crash
                                                                 general
                                 Service provided by OEMs
Service-/Assistance Call                                         approach/norm
                                 and thirt parties
                                                                 al driving
Emergency Braking on                                             Vulnerable raod
Vulnerable Road users                                            users
                                                            general
Backing assistance /video or Alert if obstacle occurs while
                                                            approach/norm
ultra sonic based            backing
                                                            al driving

Load safety ???               ???
                                                            general
Road data for heavy
                              well known                    approach/norm
vehicles
                                                            al driving
                                                            general
                              give feedback to driver
Interactive driver training                                 approach/norm
                              about his behaviour
                                                            al driving
                                                            general
tyre improvement              increase tyre/road friction   approach/norm
                                                            al driving
                                                            general
advanced electronic brake     optimize brake force
                                                            approach/norm
systems                       distribution
                                                            al driving
                                                            general
optimized periodical          well known
                                                            approach/norm
technical monitoring          do we really want this ?
                                                            al driving
                                                            general
remote diagnostics            optimize vehicle health       approach/norm
                                                            al driving
                                     Market




                  2004 and earlier
                                     2004 to 2008
                                                    2008 to 2012
                                                                                    Importanc




                                                                   later
Introduction                                                               Action
                                                                                    e/Effictiven
Obstacle                                                                   items
                                                                                    ess


costs              X


maturity, costs                       X



costs              X


                   X


costs              X



maturity, costs                       X



costs              X


                   X

costs              X
costs, legal
                                                     X
issues

costs              X

Maturity,
                                                     X
liability,cost
Maturity,
liability,
                   X
customer
acceptance
customer
acceptance,             X
costs, maturity
costs,
special working
place causes                X
adaption
problems
costs, liability,
                            X
maturity
costs                       X


costs                   X


maturity, costs             X


costs                   X


                    X

costs,
customer                    X
acceptance

costs, maturity                 X


Infrastructure,
                                X
costs, maturity


costs, 24GHz            X


maturity,
introduction                    X
concept

costs               X


costs,
                                X
harmonization
costs,
                              X
harmonization



costs                     X
costs,
acceptance,                   X
liability
maturity,
introduction                  X
concept
costs                 X


costs                     X



maturity, costs           X


user
                  X
acceptance


costs             X

costs, lack of
standardizatio        X
n
standardizatio
                      X
n
user
acceptance,       X
cost
Infrastructure,
costs,                    X
harmonization


costs             X

maturity,
                              X
costs,
costs,
responsibilities
,                X
harmonization
of interface

business
                     X
case, costs


costs           X


costs                X


costs                    X


costs, user
                X
acceptance


costs                        X
      Safety Measures Working List - eSafety Workinggroup Heavy Duty Vehicles



                                                         Accident Type
                                                                        Introduction
    Safety Measure         Short description             (primary) /
                                                                        Obstacle
                                                         normal driving



                                                         Vehicle Based
                                                         Systems
                                                         Vehicle
                                                         Dynamics
                                                         general
1 tyre improvement         increase tyre/road friction   approach/norm costs
                                                         al driving
                                                         general
    advanced electronic    optimize brake force
2                                                        approach/norm costs
    brake systems          distribution
                                                         al driving
                           Stabilize vehicle by single
  ESP for drawbar
                           wheel braking when yaw-       single truck
3 combinations, slippery                                                 maturity, costs
                           rate does not reflect the     accidents
  conditions
                           steering angle
                           Stabilize vehicle by single
  ESP for semitrailer
                           wheel braking when yaw-       single truck
4 trucks, slippery                                                       costs
                           rate does not reflect the     accidents
  conditions
                           steering angle
                           Stabilize vehicle by single
  Roll Over Protection for
                           wheel braking when speed      single truck
5 single trucks and                                                      costs
                           and steering angel causes     accidents
  semitrailer trucks
                           threat of roll over
                           Stabilize vehicle by single
  Rollover for drawbar-    wheel braking when speed      single truck
6                                                                        maturity, costs
  combination              and steering angel causes     accidents
                           threat of roll over

    Predictive RollOver    As ESP but predictive         single truck    Maturity,
7
    (Speed Controll)       activation using maps         accidents       liability,cost


  Side wind
                           Compensation of external single truck
8 compensation,                                                          costs
                           forces to avoid instabilities accidents
  tyre rut compensation
                                                         Avoid Lane
                                                         Departure
   Lane departure warning Driver warning if vehicle is   single truck
 9                                                                         costs
   system                 likely to leave the lane       accidents
                          Driver warning if vehicle is
                          likely to leave the lane,      single truck
10 Lane Keeping Assistant                                                  maturity, costs
                          additional steering torque     accidents
                          to correct vehicle course
                                                         Avoid
                                                         Longitudinal
                                                         Collisions
                                                         normal driving /
     Adaptive Cruise         Controlls distance to
11                                                       rear end         costs
     Controll                vehicle in front
                                                         collisions
                             driver warning and/or
     Emergency Braking                                 Car/Truck
12                           emergency braking in case                     costs
     System                                            accident
                             of rear end collision
   Emergency Braking         driver warning and/or
12                                                     Car/Truck
   System stat.              emergency braking in case                     maturity, costs
a                                                      accident
   Reflections               of front/front collision

                             driver warning and/or
   Emergency Braking                                   Car/Truck
13                           emergency braking in case                     maturity, costs
   System +                                            accident
                             of front/front collision
   Vulnerable Road User system sensors and data
                                                         Vulnerable road maturity,
14 detection, warning and processing sensible to
                                                         users           costs,
   braking system         vulnerable road users
                                                       general
     Stop and Go             ACC at low speeds, driver
15                                                     approach/norm costs
     Assistance              activated go
                                                       al driving
                                                       Passive
                                                       Approaches
     Rigid Front Underride   Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck
16
     Protection              in case of a front crash   accident

     Flexible Front          Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck
17                                                                         costs
     Underride Protection    in case of a front crash   accident


     Extended Flexible Front Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck          costs, legal
18
     Underride Protection    in case of a front crash   accident           issues

                             Keeps vulnerable road
     Side underride                                      Vulnerable raod
19                           user to be hurt on the side
     protection                                          users
                             of the truck
                                                                           costs,
   side underride            Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck
20                                                                         customer
   protection/crash          in case of a sidecrash     accident
                                                                           acceptance
                                                         Vision /
                                                         Visibility
                            highlight the vehicle course general
21 Adaptive Head Lights                                                   costs
                            in case of turning off       approach
                          highlight the vehicle course
                                                         general
22 Adaptive Head Lights + in case of turning off using                    costs
                                                         approach
                          maps
                          Highlight brake lights in                       costs, lack of
                                                         rear end
23 Adaptive Brake Lights case of an emergency                             standardizatio
                                                         collisions
                          brake                                           n
     Additional turn off    additional warning for       Vulnerable road standardizatio
24
     indicators             vulnerable                   users           n
                            Driver warning in case of
                            obstacle and a vulnerable    Vulnerable road
25 Turn off Assistance                                                   costs, 24GHz
                            road user in blind spot      users
                            during turn off
                         Driver warning if vehicle is
                                                        Car/Truck
26 Lane Change Assistant likely to hit other vehicle in                   costs
                                                        accident
                         case of a lane change
   Intersection Assistance, Driver warning if case of
                                                         Car/Truck
27 wide angle forward       risk of upcomming                             costs, maturity
                                                         accident
   looking                  intersection accident
                                                                          costs,
                            Use in truck technique to general             special working
     Night View,
28                          optimize vision (active and approach          place causes
     vision enhancement                                                   adaption
                            passive infrared)           /normal driving
                                                                          problems
                                                                       costs,
   Backing assistance                                    general       responsibilities
                            Alert if obstacle occurs
29 /video or ultra sonic                                 approach/norm ,
                            while backing
   based                                                 al driving    harmonization
                                                                       of interface
                                                         Driver
                                                         Monitoring
                            Warning to driver, if vehicle
                                                          general         user
30 Seat Belt Warning        is starting and belt is not
                                                          approach        acceptance
                            properly fixed
   Driver Alertness                                                       Maturity,
                          Monitor drivers behaviour
   Monitoring, Driver                                                     liability,
31                        to gain information about      normal driving
   Drowsiness Monitoring,                                                 customer
                          his alertness
   Health monitoring                                                      acceptance
                                                                              customer
                              Measures alcohol in the
32 Alcohol Detection                                         normal driving   acceptance,
                              breath
                                                                              costs, maturity
                                                                              user
                              Store vehicle data in case     general
33 Event data recorder                                                        acceptance,
                              of an accident                 approach
                                                                              cost
                                                             Load
                                                             Monitoring
   Load center of gravity     Gives driver alert, if load    single truck     costs, liability,
34
   monitoring                 (center of gravity)moves       accidents        maturity
35 Load safety ???            ???
                                                             Vehicle Health
                              Measure the vehicle health general
36 On Board Diagnostics
                              status                      approach
   Runflat Indicator / Tire                               general
                              Driver warning if tyre runs
37 Pressure Monitoring                                    approach/norm costs
                              flat
   System                                                 al driving
                                                             Infrastructure
                                                             based systems
                                                             Accident
                                                             Avoidance
                              Driver warning if other                         maturity,
     Inter vehicle                                           general
38                            vehicle seems to hit own                        introduction
     Communication                                           approach
                              trajectory                                      concept
                                                                              maturity,
     Vehicle Infrastructure                                  general
39                            s. intersection assistance                      introduction
     Communication                                           approach
                                                                              concept
                             Driver warning in case of
     Intersection Assistance                                 Car/Truck        Infrastructure,
40                           risk of upcomming
     /Infrastructure                                         accident         costs, maturity
                             intersection accident
                                                             Rescue
                                                             Support
   Vehicle Infrastructure
   Communication
41                            goal needs to be described normal driving       costs
   dangereous good
   information
   Vehicle Infrastructure
   Communication              goal: fast alerting of the fire                 costs,
42                                                            after crash
   fire/leackage              brigade                                         harmonization
   information
   Vehicle Infrastructure
                            goal: improved traffic
   Communication                                                        costs,
43                          management, rescue         normal driving
   Improved hazard                                                      harmonization
                            service, driver warnings
   warning
                                                       general         Infrastructure,
                            Standardized Emergency
44 e-call                                              approach, after costs,
                            Call
                                                       crash           harmonization
                                                       Avoid
                                                       Speeding
                            Gives driver alert while
45 Speed Alert                                         normal driving   costs
                            speeding
                                                                        costs,
     Intelligent Speed      Adapts vehicle speed by
46                                                     normal driving   acceptance,
     Adaption               using telematics
                                                                        liability
                                                       Vehicle Health
                                                     general
     Service-/Assistance    Service provided by OEMs
47                                                   approach/norm      costs
     Call                   and thirt parties
                                                     al driving
                                                     general
     optimized periodical   well known                                  costs, user
48                                                   approach/norm
     technical monitoring   do we really want this ?                    acceptance
                                                     al driving
                                                     general
49 remote diagnostics       optimize vehicle health  approach/norm      costs
                                                     al driving
                                                     Others
                                                     general
     Road data for heavy                                                business
50                          well known               approach/norm
     vehicles                                                           case, costs
                                                     al driving
                                                     general
     Interactive driver     give feedback to driver
51                                                   approach/norm      costs
     training               about his behaviour
                                                     al driving
   Market                                                                                           Portfolio
Introduction




                                                                                                                                            Engineering Costs
                                                         Customer Acceptance




                                                                                                       Effectiveness- high
2004 and earlier




                                                                               Effectiveness- low




                                                                                                                             System Costs
                   2004 to 2008
                                  2008 to 2012
                                                 later
                                                                                                                                                                         Action items




                                                                                                                                                                  harmonization,
                                                 X       -1                     1                        2                   -2                                 1 regulation required
                                                                                                                                                                  (retreaded tyres)

                                   X                                                                                                                                input from Mr. Hipp



                                   X                       0                   0.5                       1                    0                                 0



 X                                                         0                   0.5                       1                    1                                 1


                                                                                                                                                                  liability problem due to
 X                                                         0                   0.5                       1                    1                                 1 wrong center of gravity
                                                                                                                                                                  height

                                                                                                                                                                  liability problem due to
                                   X                       0                   0.5                       1                    0                                 0 wrong center of gravity
                                                                                                                                                                  height
                                                                                                                                                             liability problem due to
                                                                                                                                                             wrong center of gravity
                                   X                       0                    1                        1                   -1                           -1 height, wrong map
                                                                                                                                                             information, wrong
                                                                                                                                                             course estimation

                                   X                     0.5                   -2                      -1                    -1                                 0
X            0     0     1     2        2 current state

                                          liability in case of
        X   0.5    0     1     -1       0 malfunction in setting a
                                          wrong course




X           0.5    -1    0     0        0


                                            not for stationary
    X       0.5    1     2     0        0
                                            reflections


                                            taking also into account
        X   0.5    1     2     0        0
                                            stationary traffic


                                            taking into account also
        X   0.5    2     2     0        0
                                            upcoming traffic


        X   0.5    1     2     0        0


    X       0.5    -2    -2    0        0




X            -      -     -    -    -       leave it out


X           -0.5   0.5   1     2        2

                                           300+300mm, t.b.d kg,
                                           change legislation,
        X   -1     1     2     2        -2
                                           rediscussion with
                                           accident statistics

X            -      -     -    -    -


        X   -1     0     0.5   2        2
    X               0        -1     -1       0    1


                                                       liability due to wrong
        X           0        -1     -1 -0.5      0.5
                                                       map information


    X           0       -1        -1     1.5      1


    X           0       0         0.5    2        2



    X



X



            X



        X




X




X



X
    X



X




        X




X


X




            X


            X


            X




X



            X
            X



        X




        X


            X




X


X


            X



    X


X
      Safety Measures Working List - eSafety Workinggroup Heavy Duty Vehicles



                                                         Accident Type
                                                                        Introduction
    Safety Measure         Short description             (primary) /
                                                                        Obstacle
                                                         normal driving



                                                         Vehicle Based
                                                         Systems
                                                         Vehicle
                                                         Dynamics
                                                         general
1 tyre improvement         increase tyre/road friction   approach/norm costs
                                                         al driving
                                                         general
    advanced electronic    optimize brake force
2                                                        approach/norm costs
    brake systems          distribution
                                                         al driving
                           Stabilize vehicle by single
  ESP for drawbar
                           wheel braking when yaw-       single truck
3 combinations, slippery                                                 maturity, costs
                           rate does not reflect the     accidents
  conditions
                           steering angle
                           Stabilize vehicle by single
  ESP for semitrailer
                           wheel braking when yaw-       single truck
4 trucks, slippery                                                       costs
                           rate does not reflect the     accidents
  conditions
                           steering angle
                           Stabilize vehicle by single
  Roll Over Protection for
                           wheel braking when speed      single truck
5 single trucks and                                                      costs
                           and steering angel causes     accidents
  semitrailer trucks
                           threat of roll over
                           Stabilize vehicle by single
  Rollover for drawbar-    wheel braking when speed      single truck
6                                                                        maturity, costs
  combination              and steering angel causes     accidents
                           threat of roll over

    Predictive RollOver    As ESP but predictive         single truck    Maturity,
7
    (Speed Controll)       activation using maps         accidents       liability,cost


  Side wind
                           Compensation of external single truck
8 compensation,                                                          costs
                           forces to avoid instabilities accidents
  tyre rut compensation
                                                         Avoid Lane
                                                         Departure
   Lane departure warning Driver warning if vehicle is   single truck
 9                                                                       costs
   system                 likely to leave the lane       accidents
                          Driver warning if vehicle is
                          likely to leave the lane,      single truck
10 Lane Keeping Assistant                                                maturity, costs
                          additional steering torque     accidents
                          to correct vehicle course
                                                         Avoid
                                                         Longitudinal
                                                         Collisions
                                                         normal driving /
     Adaptive Cruise         Controlls distance to
11                                                       rear end         costs
     Controll                vehicle in front
                                                         collisions
                             driver warning and/or
     Emergency Braking                                 Car/Truck
12                           emergency braking in case                   costs
     System                                            accident
                             of rear end collision
   Emergency Braking         driver warning and/or
12                                                     Car/Truck
   System stat.              emergency braking in case                   maturity, costs
a                                                      accident
   Reflections               of front/front collision

                             driver warning and/or
   Emergency Braking                                   Car/Truck
13                           emergency braking in case                   maturity, costs
   System +                                            accident
                             of front/front collision
   Vulnerable Road User system sensors and data
                                                         Vulnerable road
14 detection, warning and processing sensible to                         maturity, costs,
                                                         users
   braking system         vulnerable road users
                                                       general
     Stop and Go             ACC at low speeds, driver
15                                                     approach/norm costs
     Assistance              activated go
                                                       al driving
                                                       Passive
                                                       Approaches
     Rigid Front Underride   Activates car crumple zone Car/Truck
16
     Protection              in case of a front crash   accident




     Flexible Front          Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck
17                                                                       costs
     Underride Protection    in case of a front crash   accident
     Extended Flexible Front Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck         costs, legal
18
     Underride Protection    in case of a front crash   accident          issues




                            Keeps vulnerable road
     Side underride                                     Vulnerable raod
19                          user to be hurt on the side
     protection                                         users
                            of the truck
     side underride         Activates car crumble zone Car/Truck          costs, customer
20
     protection/crash       in case of a sidecrash     accident           acceptance
                                                         Vision /
                                                         Visibility
                            highlight the vehicle course general
21 Adaptive Head Lights                                                   costs
                            in case of turning off       approach
                          highlight the vehicle course
                                                         general
22 Adaptive Head Lights + in case of turning off using                    costs
                                                         approach
                          maps
                          Highlight brake lights in
                                                         rear end         costs, lack of
23 Adaptive Brake Lights case of an emergency
                                                         collisions       standardization
                          brake
     Additional turn off    additional warning for       Vulnerable road
24                                                                       standardization
     indicators             vulnerable                   users
                            Driver warning in case of
   Turning Right            obstacle and a vulnerable    Vulnerable road
25                                                                       costs, 24GHz
   Assistance               road user in blind spot      users
                            during turn right
                         Driver warning if vehicle is
                                                        Car/Truck
26 Lane Change Assistant likely to hit other vehicle in                   costs
                                                        accident
                         case of a lane change
   Intersection Assistance, Driver warning if case of
                                                         Car/Truck
27 wide angle forward       risk of upcomming                             costs, maturity
                                                         accident
   looking                  intersection accident
                                                                          costs,
                            Use in truck technique to general             special working
     Night View,
28                          optimize vision (active and approach          place causes
     vision enhancement
                            passive infrared)           /normal driving   adaption
                                                                          problems
                                                                          costs,
   Backing assistance                                       general
                              Alert if obstacle occurs                    responsibilities,
29 /video or ultra sonic                                    approach/norm
                              while backing                               harmonization
   based                                                    al driving
                                                                          of interface
                                                            Driver
                                                            Monitoring
                              Warning to driver, if vehicle
                                                            general          user
30 Seat Belt Warning          is starting and belt is not
                                                            approach         acceptance
                              properly fixed
   Driver Alertness                                                          Maturity,
                          Monitor drivers behaviour
   Monitoring, Driver                                                        liability,
31                        to gain information about         normal driving
   Drowsiness Monitoring,                                                    customer
                          his alertness
   Health monitoring                                                         acceptance
                                                                             customer
                              Measures alcohol in the
32 Alcohol Detection                                        normal driving   acceptance,
                              breath
                                                                             costs, maturity
                                                                             user
                              Store vehicle data in case    general
33 Event data recorder                                                       acceptance,
                              of an accident                approach
                                                                             cost
                                                            Load
                                                            Monitoring
   Load center of gravity     Gives driver alert, if load   single truck     costs, liability,
34
   monitoring                 (center of gravity) moves     accidents        maturity
35 Load safety ???            ???
                                                            Vehicle Health
                              Measure the vehicle health general
36 On Board Diagnostics
                              status                      approach
   Runflat Indicator / Tire                               general
                              Driver warning if tyre runs
37 Pressure Monitoring                                    approach/norm costs
                              flat
   System                                                 al driving
                                                            Infrastructure
                                                            based systems
                                                            Accident
                                                            Avoidance
                              Driver warning if other                        maturity,
     Inter vehicle                                          general
38                            vehicle seems to hit own                       introduction
     Communication                                          approach
                              trajectory                                     concept
                                                                             maturity,
     Vehicle Infrastructure                                 general
39                            traffic jam warning                            introduction
     Communication                                          approach
                                                                             concept
                           Driver warning in case of
   Intersection Assistance                              Car/Truck        Infrastructure,
40                         risk of upcomming
   /Infrastructure                                      accident         costs, maturity
                           intersection accident
                                                        Rescue
                                                        Support
   Vehicle Infrastructure
                            information of rescue
   Communication
41                          services about dangerous    normal driving   costs
   dangerous good
                            load
   information
   Vehicle Infrastructure
   Communication            fast alerting of the fire                    costs,
42                                                      after crash
   fire/leackage            brigade                                      harmonization
   information
   Vehicle Infrastructure
                            improved traffic
   Communication                                                         costs,
43                          management, rescue          normal driving
   Improved hazard                                                       harmonization
                            service, driver warnings
   warning
                                                        general         Infrastructure,
                            Standardized Emergency
44 e-call                                               approach, after costs,
                            Call
                                                        crash           harmonization
                                                        Avoid
                                                        Speeding
                            Gives driver alert while
45 Speed Alert                                          normal driving   costs
                            speeding
                                                                         costs,
     Intelligent Speed      Adapts vehicle speed by
46                                                      normal driving   acceptance,
     Adaptation             using telematics
                                                                         liability
                                                        Vehicle Health
                                                     general
     Service-/Assistance    Service provided by OEMs
47                                                   approach/norm       costs
     Call                   and thirt parties
                                                     al driving
                                                     general
     optimized periodical                                                costs, user
48                          well known               approach/norm
     technical monitoring                                                acceptance
                                                     al driving
                                                     general
49 remote diagnostics       optimize vehicle health  approach/norm       costs
                                                     al driving
                                                     Others
   electronic maps with                              general
                                                                         business case,
50 truck related            well known               approach/norm
                                                                         costs
   informations                                      al driving
                                                     general
     Interactive driver     give feedback to driver
51                                                   approach/norm       costs
     training               about his behaviour
                                                     al driving
   Market                                                                                           Portfolio
Introduction




                                                                                                                                            Engineering Costs
                                                         Customer Acceptance




                                                                                                       Effectiveness- high
2004 and earlier




                                                                               Effectiveness- low




                                                                                                                             System Costs
                   2004 to 2008
                                  2008 to 2012
                                                 later
                                                                                                                                                                          Action items




                                                                                                                                                                  harmonization,
                                                 X       -1                     1                        2                   -2                                 1 regulation required
                                                                                                                                                                  (retreaded tyres)

                                   X                                                                                                                                leave it out



                                   X                       0                   0.5                       1                    0                                 0



 X                                                         0                   0.5                       1                    1                                 1


                                                                                                                                                                  liability problem due to
 X                                                         0                   0.5                       1                    1                                 1 wrong center of gravity
                                                                                                                                                                  height

                                                                                                                                                                  liability problem due to
                                   X                       0                   0.5                       1                    0                                 0 wrong center of gravity
                                                                                                                                                                  height
                                                                                                                                                             liability problem due to
                                                                                                                                                             wrong center of gravity
                                   X                       0                    1                        1                   -1                           -1 height, wrong map
                                                                                                                                                             information, wrong
                                                                                                                                                             course estimation

                                   X                     0.5                   -2                      -1                    -1                                 0
X            0     0     1    2        2 current state

                                         liability in case of
        X   0.5    0     1    -1       0 malfunction in setting a
                                         wrong course




X           0.5    -1    0    0        0


                                           not for stationary
    X       0.5    1     2    0        0
                                           reflections


                                           taking also into account
        X   0.5    1     2    0        0
                                           stationary traffic


                                           taking into account also
        X   0.5    2     2    0        0
                                           upcoming traffic


        X   0.5    1     2    0        0


    X       0.5    -2    -2   0        0




X            -      -    -    -    -       leave it out

                                         in parallel,
                                         improvements in
                                         passenger cars are
                                         necessary to (crumple
X           -0.5   0.5   1    2        2
                                         zone behaviour and
                                         restraint system
                                         calibration, result to
                                         DAF - VC compat)
                                                           300+300mm, t.b.d kg,
                                                           change legislation,
                                                           rediscussion with
                                                           accident statistics; in    DAF will
                                                           parallel, improvements     confirm a
        X       -1       1         2      2             -2 in passenger cars are      way of
                                                           necessary to (crumple      communic
                                                           zone behaviour and         ation
                                                           restraint system
                                                           calibration, result to
                                                           DAF - VC compat)

X               -        -          -      -       -


        X       -1       0         0.5    2             2




    X                0        -1     -1        0        1


                                                             liability due to wrong
        X            0        -1     -1 -0.5           0.5
                                                             map information


    X           0        -1        -1     1.5           1


    X           0        0         0.5    2             2



    X           0        0         0.5    1.5           1



X               0        0         0.5    1.5           1



            X   0        -1        0      1             1




        X       0        -1        0      0.5           1
X               0.5      -1        -1       1.5      1




X                -1            1        1        2   2 prevent manipulation



X               -1       -1        0.5      0        0



    X           -1       -2        -1       0.5      1


X               -1       -1         0       1.5      2




        X       0        -1        -0.5     0        1
                                                          Leave it out



X               1        -2        -2       2        2


X                    1   -1.5 -0.5               1   1




            X   0        1          2       -1       -2

                                                        replacement of TMC
            X   0        0.5        1       1        -2 (DAB), with traffic
                                                        sensors
        X   0      1      2     1    -2




    X       0     -2     -1.5   1    -2



        X   0     -2     -1.5   -2   -2



        X   0     -2     -1.5   1    -2



    X       0     -0.5    0     1    -2




X           -1    -1      0     0    0 autonomous system


        X   -1    -0.5    0     1    -2 infrastructure based




X           0.5   -2     -2     1    1


    X       -1    -2     -1.5   1    -2


        X   0     -2     -2     0    -2



    X       1     -2     -2     0    -2


X           1      1      2     0    0
              Availability
-2   -1                      0       1   2




             Effectiveness
-2   -1                      0       1   2




             System costs
-2   -1                      0       1   2




     Engineering costs, investment
-2    -1                      0      1   2
                                                                  Availability
                       -2                              -1                            0                           1                          2
                                                  prototyp systems
                                                                          engineering samples
no system available,     no system available,     available,
                                                                          available,                                 systems available on
no implementation        implementation relevant implementation relevant
                                                                          implementation relevant                    global market place
relevant activities      research activities      advanced development
                                                                          engineering activities
                                                  activities
                                                        Effectiveness
                      -2                       -1                       0                        1                                          2
                                                  low impact on main      medium impact on main
no oservable impact on minor impact on road       accident field, medium accident field,                             major impact on main
road safety              safety                   impact on medium        main impact on medium                      accident field
                                                  accident field,         accident field
                                                        System costs
                      -2                       -1                       0                        1                                          2
4 times higher as ESP
or                                                                                                                   0.5 * ESP or decreasing
                         3 times higher as ESP 2 times higher as ESP comparable to ESP
increase of running                                                                                                  running costs
costs
                                              Engineering costs, investment
                      -2                       -1                       0                        1                                          2
major impact on vehicle minor impact on vehicle no impact on vehicle  no impact on vehicle                           no impact on vehicle
concept, significant    concept, low            concept, many systems concept, few systems                           concept, one system
infrastructure support  infrastructure support  involved              involved                                       involved
                                                            Customer acceptance
                       -2                              -1                      0                                 1                          2
                            customers are not willing to    customers accept systems, customers are requesting
                            see system in their trucks      but are not willing to pay for it system

								
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