Equity Coles Woolworths

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					                  Submission from The Cancer Council NSW
  ACCC inquiry into the competitiveness of retail prices for standard groceries


The Cancer Council NSW

The Cancer Council NSW’s mission is to defeat cancer to the point where the normal
expectation of life and health is not diminished by cancer. Our vision is to engage the
people of NSW to reduce the impact of cancer on communities. The Cancer Council
NSW’s priority areas for building a cancer smart community are:
   • Research
   • Patient support and information
   • Cancer prevention and screening
   • Advocacy
   • Working with the community

Cancer risk is associated with poor dietary patterns and obesity. After tobacco, a poor
diet and being overweight or obese are the next most important modifiable risk factors
for a range of cancers, including some of the most common cancers in Australia. The
Cancer Council NSW is very interested in this ACCC Inquiry because it is essential that
all members of the community have access to an affordable range of healthy foods.

We commend both the Federal Government and the Australian Competition and
Consumer Commission (ACCC) for undertaking such an important inquiry, taking
consideration of all aspects of the supply chain in the grocery industry, to ensure
consumers are getting a fair deal. We would urge the ACCC to ensure its Inquiry is
significantly broad to not only ensure Australians are getting “a fair deal”, but that a
healthy diet is affordable to all Australians. We look forward to the results of the
Inquiry and appropriate action being taken to resolve the burden on working families.


The Cancer Council’s NSW Healthy Food Basket – Cost, Availability and Quality
Survey

As the ACCC is aware, The Cancer Council NSW recently released the results of a
NSW Healthy Food Basket – Cost, Availability and Quality Survey in February 2008.
Another copy of the study report is attached with this submission.

The NSW Healthy Food Basket Study examined the costs, availability and quality of
healthy foods across 150 locations in NSW. This is the largest Australian study to
assess these factors, and the first study to look at the whole of NSW. The Cancer
Council undertook this work because we wanted to better understand the barriers to
healthy eating and aspects of the “obesity promoting“ (obesogenic) environment in
NSW. Other research frequently cites the cost of healthy food as a barrier to fruit and
vegetable consumption.1-3

The Cancer Council’s study found there was extensive variability in the cost of a
healthy food basket both within and between geographic and demographic areas in
NSW. Currently people in lower socio-economic groups and those living in more



March 2007                                                                            1
remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced
availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their
preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group.

To prevent the impact of price variability, we have recommended that government
price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to
purchase and consume a healthy food basket.


The Cancer Council’s Concerns

The Cancer Council is particularly concerned that a healthy diet be both available and
affordable for all Australians. The Australian Government has declared obesity as a
national health priority and there is commitment at both state and federal levels to
promote healthy eating messages. It is essential the government ensures a healthy
diet is affordable for all Australians in line with government promotional and
educational messages.

As the ACCC points out in its Issues Paper, “grocery food prices have increased at a
significantly higher rate than the headline inflation rate”. The Cancer Council agrees
that the reasons behind the increases in grocery prices require investigation and
action. The Queensland Healthy Food Access Basket survey, which is conducted
nearly every two years, has also identified increases in food prices, particularly fruit
and vegetable prices.4, 5 This is a significant concern as fruit and vegetables are
fundamental components of a healthy diet and surveys have shown that many
Australians are falling short of the recommendations of 2 serves of fruit and 5 serves
of vegetables a day. Fruits and vegetables, as well as a healthy balanced diet, have
been implicated in helping to reduce the risk of a number of a chronic diseases
(including cancer), which are already crippling health system costs in Australia.


Issues Paper

The Cancer Council would urge the ACCC to consider not only the different retail
chains in its inquiry, but also people’s access to different store types.

As well as considering the prices offered and buying power of the major supermarket
chains of Coles and Woolworths, it would be useful if the ACCC could also consider
the equity of access to the major supermarket chains. We would suggest that access
would vary based not only on geographical location, but also by other factors such as
socio-economic status, age and access to transport.

The ACCC Issues Paper lists a range of factors that attract consumers to certain
grocery retailers, other than lowest prices, such as range of products and brands, staff
service, freshness of produce, travel distance and parking facilities. We would again
state that consumers may have variable access to these different factors, and it cannot
be assumed that Australians have equal access to all these factors.

In reference to Question 8 on grocery retailing How does the structure of grocery
retailing differ between metropolitan, regional and country areas? (page 10 of the



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Issues Paper), we have provided further information below on the differences in prices
across the different store types from our survey.


Comparison on costs between different supermarkets and store types

Further to the information in our published report of the NSW Healthy Food Basket,
we have analysed our data in order to provide the ACCC with further information of
direct relevance to its inquiry.

Our survey included 150 stores across NSW. Table 1 provides a breakdown of the
classification of the stores by store type, socio-economic category and geographical
location.

Table 1: Classification of food stores in the sample
Classification                                Number of stores
Store type
   Woolworths                                    47
   Coles                                         45
   Others (such as IGA, Franklins, Bi-lo, 5-Star 58
   and independent corner stores)
SEIFA score for socio-economic status
   1 (very low)                                 27
   2                                            32
   3                                            35
   4                                            31
   5 (very high)                                25
ARIA+ score for remoteness
   Highly accessible                            52
   Accessible                                   75
   Remote                                       23


Tables 2-4 provide a comparison of the costs between different supermarkets and
store types.

Table 2 provides a breakdown of food costs by store type, and this has been further
subdivided to provide the mean costs of the specific food group components of the
healthy food basket (i.e. fruit and vegetables; breads and cereals; meat and
alternatives; and dairy).

Table 3 provides the mean food basket costs in the different store types for the lowest
and highest socio-economic areas (i.e. based on SEIFA score of the postcodes).
Please note that the sample size of store numbers in some of these categories is very
low and may not be reliable.

Table 4 provides the mean food basket costs in the different store types by
remoteness category based of the ARIA scores for the locations.

We would like to draw ACCC’s attention to the following points:



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   •   The mean healthy food basket cost for Coles supermarkets (n=45 stores) was
       $433.18 during The Cancer Council’s survey period. (Questions 33 and 35 in
       the Issues Paper)
   •   The mean healthy food basket cost for Woolworths supermarkets (n=47
       stores) was $441.48 during The Cancer Council’s survey period. (Questions 33
       and 35)
   •   The mean healthy food basket cost for other stores (n=58 stores) was $432.64
       during The Cancer Council’s survey period. This category included IGA,
       Franklins, Bi-lo, 5-Star and independent corner stores located throughout NSW.
       (Questions 33 and 35)
   •   Our study results indicate that the nature of competition in grocery retailing
       differs across food groups (Question 31). The difference between the mean
       costs between Coles and Woolworths supermarkets appears to be explained
       by the higher cost of the bread and cereals food component of the healthy food
       basket at Woolworths ($112.10 at Woolworths vs. $100.34 at Coles).
   •   The mean cost of fruits and vegetables were slightly more expensive at Coles
       supermarkets compared with Woolworths supermarkets ($195.45 at Coles vs.
       $192.84 at Woolworths).
   •   Despite fairly similar mean costs between Coles and Woolworths, it is
       important for the ACCC to be aware of the large variation in prices between the
       cheapest and most expensive baskets included in the survey. For Coles
       supermarkets, there was a $145.28 difference between the cheapest and most
       expensive food baskets across NSW, and for Woolworths the difference was
       $114.57. The price variation was most obvious for the fruit/vegetables and
       breads/cereals components of the basket. There was a difference of $72.32
       between the cheapest and most expensive fruit and vegetables component at
       Coles and yet this difference was $116.96 at Woolworths. There was a large
       difference of $64.14 between the cheapest and most expensive breads and
       cereals component at Coles and only a difference of $27.19 at Woolworths for
       this same food group.
   •   The mean cost of the food basket in the lowest and highest socio-economic
       areas in NSW was $436.84 and $432.92. The mean price for Coles
       supermarkets in the lowest socio-economic areas was $12.18 above the NSW
       mean, and for Woolworths it was $3.77 cheaper than the NSW mean. This
       pattern was different in the highest socio-economic areas, with Coles $10.64
       cheaper than the NSW mean and Woolworths $13.60 dearer than the NSW
       mean.
   •   The mean cost of the food basket in the highly accessible, accessible and
       remote areas in NSW was $431.78, $437.68 and $438.89 respectively
       (Question 36). The mean price for Woolworths supermarkets in the highly
       accessible areas was $7.92 dearer than the NSW mean, and for Coles it was
       $2.42 less than the NSW mean. Woolworths and Coles were both more
       expensive in the remote areas compared with the NSW mean, with
       Woolworths $8.41 dearer than the NSW mean and Coles $1.99 dearer than the
       NSW mean.

We trust this analysis is useful to the ACCC, particularly as it has been obtained
independently of commercial interests. Please refer to the NSW Healthy Food Basket
Report for the full details of the survey methodology.




March 2007                                                                          4
The Cancer Council believes that this analysis, as well as the results provided in the
NSW Healthy Food Basket Report, emphasises the need for regular and ongoing
monitoring of food costs in Australia. We understand that the ACCC undertakes
regular monitoring of petrol prices in Australia, and some other commodities.
Although we acknowledge the burden that high petrol prices put on individuals and
families in Australia, we are particularly concerned about the burden of high food costs
on Australians. As all Australians need to eat, this puts the need for food price
monitoring at a higher priority than other commodities, such as petrol.

We do acknowledge the limitation of this data is that it was collected only in a two-
week period in December 2006, which further emphasises the need for a government
monitoring and surveillance system into grocery food prices.


Unit Pricing

The Cancer Council supports the introduction of unit pricing information on foods sold
in Australia. Unit pricing refers to the cost of the food for a standard unit of
measurement (e.g. cost per kilogram or 100 grams). This allows consumers to more
readily compare the prices of different brands that come in different package sizes.
We are aware that unit pricing information is provided in other countries.

The Cancer Council believes that unit pricing would allow consumers to more easily
compare food costs both within food categories (e.g. the cost of prepared salad leaves
vs. the cost of a whole lettuce) and across food categories (e.g. a piece of fruit vs. a
processed fruit bar).

The Cancer Council would also support the independent testing of unit pricing to
determine the value to consumers. Some important questions would include how
consumers use unit pricing across different food categories, and whether unit pricing
is required at point of sale or on the food label.



The Cancer Council’s Recommendations for the ACCC:
- A thorough inquiry into the factors that influence food prices as well as a
comprehensive list of actions that ensure a healthy diet is affordable for all Australians.

- The ACCC to undertake regular and ongoing monitoring of food prices in Australia.

- Unit pricing information be provided on most food labels, or at the very least at the
point of sale.



Conclusion

Thank you for the opportunity to offer comment on the ACCC Inquiry into the
competitiveness of retail prices for standard groceries. We wish the Inquiry well in its




March 2007                                                                               5
important deliberations and look forward to the results, as well as action to ensure a
healthy diet is affordable to all Australians.




March 2007                                                                          6
Table 2 – Food Costs info by store type

                                          Coles (n=45)                   Woolworths (n=47)                  Other stores (n=58)
                             Mean ($)      Cheapest     Dearest    Mean ($) Cheapest    Dearest       Mean ($)  Cheapest     Dearest
                                               ($)        ($)                  ($)         ($)                      ($)         ($)
Cost of total food basket   433.18         349.23      494.51     441.48    377.12     491.69        432.64     337.29      519.71
Cost of fruit and           195.45         157.13      229.45     192.84    125.99     242.95        195.55     142.83      263.08
vegetable component
Cost of breads and          100.34         61.42      125.56      112.10    92.90        120.09      98.03      62.31       134.09
cereals component
Cost of meat component      79.93          65.32      93.86       78.24     66.67        94.54       81.04      65.11       106.19
Cost of dairy components    41.73          27.83      48.70       41.99     31.77        47.79       42.18      34.21       57.79


Table 3 - Costs at different store types by SEIFA Score

                                    Mean cost of total food basket ($)                Mean cost of fruit and vegetable component ($)
                                  Lowest SEIFA             Highest SEIFA                  Lowest SEIFA         Highest SEIFA
Coles                       449.02                   422.28                         206.54                     187.25
                            (n=6)                    (n=11)                         (n=6)                      (n=11)
Woolworths                  433.07                   446.52                         187.40                     197.80
                            (n= 9)                   (n=10)                         (n= 9)                     (n=10)
Other stores                433.58                   428.20                         198.25                     187.21
                            (n=12)                   (n=4)                          (n=12)                     (n=4)
NSW mean                    436.84                   432.92                         196.47                     191.46
                            (n=27)                   (n=25)                         (n=27)                     (n=25)




March 2007                                                                                                                             7
Table 3 - Costs at different store types by remoteness category

                                         Cost of total food basket ($)                     Cost of fruit and vegetable component ($)
                            Highly             Accessible        Remote               Highly             Accessible       Remote
                            accessible                                                accessible
Coles                       429.36             436.98              440.88             193.54             195.81           203.90
                            (n=25)             (n=15)              (n=5)              (n=25)             (n=15)           (n=5)
Woolworths                  439.70             441.96              447.30             189.05             193.93           204.45
                            (n=17)             (n=27)              (n=3)              (n=17)             (n=27)           (n=3)
Other stores                423.51             434.40              434.24             184.95             197.76           197.08
                            (n=9)              (n=32)              (n=16)             (n=9)              (n=32)           (n=16)
NSW mean                    431.78             437.68              438.89             190.52             195.97           199.43
                            (n=51)             (n=74)              (n=24)             (n=51)             (n=74)           (n=24)



                                                               Reference List

 1. Jago R, Baranowski T, Baranowski JC. Fruit and vegetable availability: a micro environmental mediating variable? Public Health Nutr.
    2007; 10(7): 681-689.

 2. John JH, Ziebland S. Reported barriers to eating more fruit and vegetables before and after participation in a randomized controlled
    trial: a qualitative study. Health Educ Res. 2004; 19(2): 165-174.

 3. Strategic Inter-Governmental Nutrition Alliance. Eat Well Australia: a strategic framework for public health nutrition. Canberra,
    National Public Health Partnership. 2001.

 4. Queensland Health. The 2004 Healthy Food Access Basket (HFAB) Survey. Queensland Government. 2006.

 5. Queensland Health. The 2006 Healthy Food Access Basket (HFAB) Survey. Queensland Government. 2007.




March 2007                                                                                                                                 8
                                                             Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                             areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population group
                                                             group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetabl
                                                             budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit an
                                                             strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council N
                                                             to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food ba
                                                             Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties avail
                                                             may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and tho
                                                             of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on ho
                                                             vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a
                                                             NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                             basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic group
                                                             available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                             those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents
                                                             on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and froz
                                                             a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveilla
                                                             consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic a
                                                             and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetable
                                                             tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to
                                                             metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods ch
                                                             alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of
                                                             surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensiv
                                                             geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas
                                                             and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. P
                                                             equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budg
                                                             nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful str
                                                             the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                             Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                             areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population group
                                                             group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetabl
                                                             budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit an
                                                             strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council N
                                                             to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food ba
                                                             Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties avail
                                                             may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and tho
                                                             of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on ho
                                                             vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a
                                                             NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                             basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic group
                                                             available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                             those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents
                                                             on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and froz
                                                             a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveilla
                                                             consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic a
                                                             and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetable
                                                             tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to
                                                             metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods ch
                                                             alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of
                                                             surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensiv
                                                             geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas
                                                             and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. P
                                                             equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budg
                                                             nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful str
                                                             the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introdu
                                                             basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in
COST, AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY SURVEY
                                   NSW HEALTHY FOOD BASKET




                                                             remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population
                                                             food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and ve
                                                             Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying f
                                                             useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer
                                                             introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a h
                                                                                                                  AVAILABILITY
                                                                                                                  COST

                                                             areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and veget
                            SURVEY
                                                             population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio econo
                            QUALITY

                                                             fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educa
                                                             as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burd
                                                             The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can affor
                                                             of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower soc
                                                                                                                           and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                           tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                           metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                           alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                           surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                           geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                           and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                           equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                           nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                           the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                           Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                           areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                           group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                           budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                           strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                           to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                           Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                           may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                           of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                           vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                           NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                           basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                           available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                           those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                           on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                           a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                           consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                           and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                           tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                           metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                           alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                           surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                           geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                           and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                           equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                           nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                           the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food
                                                                                                                           basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more
                                                                                                                           remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important




                                                                                                                                                                                                ResuLts
                                                                                                                           food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations.
                                                                                                                           Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               methods
                                                                                                                           useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be
                                                                                                                           introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic
                                                                                                                           areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these
                                                                                                                           population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of




                                                                                                                                                                         discussion
                                                                                                                           fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CONTENTS




                                                                                                                           as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability




                                                                                                                                                       concLusion
                                                                                                                           The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost
                                                                                                                           of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and
                                                                                                                           vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      intRoduction
                                                                                                                           economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which




                                                              suggested citation
                                                                                                                           educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price




                                                                                   ReFeRence List
                                                                                                                           burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can
                                                                                                                           afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower
                                                                                                                           socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their
                                                                                                                           preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality
                                                                                                                           as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season
                                                                                                                           and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                                           government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within
                                                                                                                           and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced
                                                                                                                           availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote
                                                                                                                           areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase
                                                                                                                           appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food
                                                                                                                           basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       stoRe Locations maP




                                                                                                    contact inFoRmation
                                                                                                                           healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those
                                                                                                                           living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of,
                                                                                                                           this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropoli-
                                                                                                                           tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                           alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                           surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                           geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                           and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                           equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                           nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                           the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                           Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote




                                                                                                                          ResuLts taBLes and FiguRes
                                                                                                                           areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                           group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                           budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                           strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,




    Cost, Availability and Quality Survey. Sydney 2007.
                                                                                                                           to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                           Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                           may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables




    The Cancer Council NSW. NSW Healthy Food Basket
                                                                                                                           of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                           vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                           NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                           basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                           available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and




    Available at http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/foodbasket
                                                                                                                           those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                           on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                           a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Key Findings and Recommendations




                                                                                                                           consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                           and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                           tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                           metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                           alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                           surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                           geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists




3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             AVAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             COST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SURVEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           QUALITY
                                                                     Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                     areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                     group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                     budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                     strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                     to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                     Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                     may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                     of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                     vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                     NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                     basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                     available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                     those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                     on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                     a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                     consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                     and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                     tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                     metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                     alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                     surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                     geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                     and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                     equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                     nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                     the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s




                                                                                         4
                                                                     Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                     areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                     group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                     budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                     strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                     to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                     Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                     may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                     of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                     vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                     NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                     basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                     available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                     those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                     on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                     a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                     consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                     and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                     tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                     metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                     alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                     surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                     geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                     and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                     equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                     nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                     the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                     basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and betwee
                                                                     remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fru
                                                                     food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                     Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nu
                                                                     useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent th
                                                                     introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                           VAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                   OST




                                                                     areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more re
                                                                     URVEY




                                                                     population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important f
                                                                     UALITY




                                                                     fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. F
                                                                     as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                     The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be intr
                                                                     of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas
                                                                     vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these popula
                                                                     economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit an
                                                                     educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buy
                                                                     burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Can
                                                                     afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a he
                                                                     socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetabl
                                                                     preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio econo




 consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                     as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educat
                                                                     and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden
                                                                     government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to
                                                                     and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio e
                                                                     availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preference
                                                                     areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is avai
                                                                     appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and
                                                                     basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that




 all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                     healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both withi
                                                                     living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced a
                                                                     this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote a
                                                                     tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase a
                                                                     alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                     surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                     geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                     and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu




 mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                     equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                     nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                     the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s
                                                                     Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                     areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                     group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal


 that government price surveillance
 The Cancer Council NSW recommends
» To prevent the impact of price variability
purchasing a healthy food basket.
strategy to reduce the price burden of
and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
vegetables in season and using tinned
foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
purchase appropriate and nutritious
educate consumers on how to
       » Food budgeting programs, which
                                               of localities.
metropolitan locations.                        SES and remoteness
quality as is available to residents in
of fruit and vegetables of the same            were examined by the
areas deserve equal access to a variety
groups and those living in remote              availability, and quality
        » People in lower socio economic
                                               key indicators of cost,
food group.
and consumption of, this important
                                               vegetables. The three
may impact on their preferences for,
vegetables for these population groups
                                               quality of fruit and
The reduced availability of fruit and          cost, availability and
and vegetable varieties available.
more remote areas have fewer fruit             specific focus on the
economic groups and those living in
         » Currently people in lower socio     across NSW, with a
    demographic areas in NSW.
                                               basket of healthy food
    within and between geographic and
    a healthy food basket exists both
                                               the cost of a standard
      » Extensive variability in the cost of   study was to determine
                 Recommendations
                 Key Findings and
                                               The purpose of this
                                               NSW HEALTHY FOOD BASKET
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-




                                                                                                          documented.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   intRoduction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important
                                                                                                                                                                                                                food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           distance from city centres.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these
                                                                                                                                                                                                                population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability
                                                                                                                                                                                                                The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can
                                                                                                                                                                                                                afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower
                                                                                                                                                                                                                socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that




                                                                                                                                                              conducted in Sydney and Wollongong.9,10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced




                                                                                                                                                              To date, there have been no comprehensive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           in remote areas is significantly higher than in




                                                                                                                                                              surveys undertaken relating to the costs and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                status and ultimately their health outcomes.1-3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           of fruit and vegetables declines with increasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                people’s consumption of healthy foods. Higher
                                                                                                                                                                                                                basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a




                                                                                                          and obesity among lower SES groups, are well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           states of Australia, including Queensland,4,5 the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Economic factors and access issues can affect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                food choices can have a negative impact on the




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           have demonstrated that the cost of healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of,




                                                                                                          limited, although poorer consumption of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Healthy Food Basket Surveys conducted in other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropoli-




                                                                                                          vegetables and a higher prevalence of overweight
                                                                                                                                                              (NSW), although some smaller surveys have been
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                nutritional quality of people’s diets, their nutritional




                                                                                                          Studies on the differences in food costs based on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Northern Territory,6 Victoria,7 and South Australia,8



                                                                                                                                                                                                                           metropolitan areas. As well, the quality and variety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen




                                                                                                          the socio economic status (SES) of areas are more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                costs, lower availability and poorer quality of healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between




                                                                                                                                                              availability of healthy foods across New South Wales
                                                                                                                                                                                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing




                                                                                                                                                                                            150 stores.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             COST, AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY SURVEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in




                                                                                                                each category.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   methods




                                                                                                                                                                                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between




    December 2006.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             implement the survey.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sample selection




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re




                                                    representing the area with the lowest SES.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NSW and Southern NSW) were recruited to




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s




                                                    were divided into quintiles (1-5), with quintile 1



    Data were collected over a two week period in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NSW (Central Sydney, Western Sydney, Central




                                                    Economic Indicators for Areas (SEIFA) score, as
                                                                                                                and SES. Based on postcode, the Accessibility/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Volunteers and staff from each of the 10 Cancer




                                                                                                                                                                                            than 10 food items (n = 2). The final sample was

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                            usual cost, online supermarkets (n = 2), due to a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Council NSW regional offices located throughout




                                                    Similarly the Australian Bureau of Statistics Socio
                                                                                                                Selected stores were categorised by remoteness




                                                    Advantage/Disadvantage (IRSAD),13 was used as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re




                                                    an estimate of the SES of localities. SEIFA scores
                                                                                                                                                                                            stores were excluded from analyses as they were




                                                                                                                Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA+) score was
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Coast, Hunter, Mid North Coast, Far North Coast,




                                                                                                                used as an estimate of remoteness and access to
                                                                                                                                                                                            small number of representative stores for this type




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in




                                                                                                                services.12 ARIA+ scores were divided into tertiles:

                                                                                                                1 shows the breakdown of the number of stores in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch




                                                                                                                ‘highly accessible’, ‘accessible’ and ‘remote’. Table
                                                                                                                                                                                            A total of 157 stores were surveyed. Seven of these




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             North Western NSW, Western NSW, South Western




                                                                                                                                                                                            of supermarket, or if they had missing data for more
                                                                                                                                                                                            either: Aldi stores (n = 3), as these stores are known




                                                    determined by the Index of Relative Socio Economic
                                                                                                                                                                                            to be considerably cheaper and would not represent




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists




5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     AVAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     COST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SURVEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                QUALITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                    budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                    strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                    to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                    may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                    NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                    available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                    those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                    on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                    a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                    consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                    budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                    strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                    to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                    may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                    NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                    available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                    those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                    on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                    a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                    consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and betwee
                                                                                                                                                                                                    remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fru
                                                                                                                                                                                                    food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nu
                                                                                                                                                                                                    useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent th
                                                                                                                                                                                                    introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          VAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  OST




                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more re
                                                                                                                                                                                                  URVEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                    population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  UALITY




                                                                                                                                                                                                    fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. F
                                                                                                                                                                                                    as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be intr
                                                                                                                                                                                                    of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these popula
                                                                                                                                                                                                    economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit an
                                                                                                                                                                                                    educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buy
                                                                                                                                                                                                    burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Can
                                                                                                                                                                                                    afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a he
                                                                                                                                                                                                    socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetabl
                                                                                                                                                                                                    preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio econo
                                                                                                                                                                                                    as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educat
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden
                                                                                                                                                                                                    government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio e
                                                                                                                                                                                                    availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preference
                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is avai
                                                                                                                                                                                                    appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                                                                                                                    healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both withi
                                                                                                                                                                                                    living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced a
                                                                                                                                                                                                    this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote a
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase a
                                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                       Albury
                                                                                                    Culcairn
                                           Vincentia
                                           Nowra                    Goulburn                           Wagga
                                             Shellharbour
                                               Wollongong
                                           SYDNEY
                                                                            Blayney
                                      Gosford                                              Forbes
                                                                         Orange                       Condobolin
                                                                                                                                                                          Highly Accessible
                      Newcastle                   Toronto
                                                Kurri Kurri      Rylstone                                                                                                           Accessible
                          Nelson Bay
                                                   Maitland                  Wellington
                                     Branxton                                                                                                                                         Remote
                                                              Denman
                                      Muswellbrook                       Mudgee
                                      Aberdeen                                            Dubbo
                                      Scone               Merriwa        Cassilis
                                            Murrurundi                                                                                                                                         Picton
       Port Macquarie          Wauchope
                                           Tamworth
                    Kempsey                                         Gunnedah                                                    Sylvania
                                                                                                                              Kareela           Menai
                                                Manilla
                                 Armidale                                                                                                               Penshurst
                                                                                                                              Hurstville
                                                                                                                                                 Wattle Grove
                                                              Narrabri                                 Maroubra                              Casula
      Woolgoolga
                                   Guyra                                                                               Hillsdale
                                                                                                                                    Marrickville Randwick
                    Grafton                    Inverell                                            Bass Hill                          Newtown Bondi Junction
                                                               Bingara                                                Summer Hill
                              Glen Innes                                                                                 Haberfield
                                                                                                            Fairfield                      Broadway
                                                                                                                       Auburn            Balmain
                                                                                                  Wetherill Park              Five Dock    Neutral Bay
    Evans Head                                                                                                                                  Cremorne
                                                                                                                                              Crows Nest
                                                                                                                                           Parramatta
                                                                                                                       Northbridge
                                                                                                      Manly
      Alstonville                                                                                                                           Winston Hills
                                                                                                  Brookvale                                                         Mt Druitt
                                                                                                     Dee Why
Mullumbimby                                                                                                                                Kings Langley                             Penrith   Blaxland
   Kingscliff                                                                                  Narrabeen                                             Castle Hill
                                                                                                                                              Kellyville
 Tweed Heads                                                                                                                 Hornsby
                                                                                                          Warriewood
                                                                                              Mona Vale
                                                                                                                                                                         Richmond
                                                                                                                                                    sydney stoRe Locations
                                                                                                                           stoRe Locations maP FoR nsW
                                                                                                                           NSW HEALTHY FOOD BASKET
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and




    vegetable.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-




                                                                               availability
                                                                                                                                                              also recorded.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           survey tool




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Food Basket.4,5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost




                                                                                                     price and weight were recorded.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          energy dense ‘extra’ foods (Table 2).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within




    Healthy Food Basket,4,5 and were selected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote




    The availability of 30 different fresh fruits and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (male and female, >19 years), three children (2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               The healthy food basket represents commonly




    vegetables was recorded. The included survey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               available and popular food choices selected to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The range of foods listed in the survey included
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               woman (>61 years). The survey instrument was
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those




                                                                                                                                                              Surveyors were instructed to price the cheapest
                                                                                                                                                              non-generic brand, and record the brand name.




                                                                                                                                                              portion size. The availability of each product was
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of,




    according to the most commonly consumed fruit
                                                                                                                                                              smallest package size was priced and the weight




    and vegetables were available and the number of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropoli-




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               modelled on that used in the Queensland Healthy




                                                                                                     was recorded. However if the product was priced




    different available varieties of that particular fruit or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          breads and cereals; fruit, vegetables and legumes;




                                                                                                     per unit (eg lettuce), the item was weighed and the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               provide 95% of the estimated energy requirements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of a reference family of six people over a two-week




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          meat and meat alternatives; dairy foods, and some
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               boys, 4 and 14 years; 1 girl, 8 years) and an elderly




                                                                                                                                                              was recorded. The recorded price was adjusted for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               period. This reference family is based on two adults




                                                                                                                                                              Where the specified size was not available, the next




    items were based on those used in the Queensland



    and vegetables. Surveyors recorded if the listed fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between




                                                                                                     For fresh fruit and vegetables, the price per kilogram
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       produce.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Quality




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers




                                                                                                     was used.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     COST, AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY SURVEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between




                                              the a=0.05 level.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit




                                                                                                                                                                                                     data analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               good for all varieties) were attainable.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re




                                                                                                     categorical dummy variables, was used to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure




                                                                                                     quintiles and ARIA+ tertiles were entered as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp




                                                                                                     version 15.0. Linear regression, where SEIFA




                                                                                                     used as the referent groups in all models. For
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s




                                                                                                     Data were analysed using SPSS for Windows
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco




                                              the Kruskal-Wallis test (non-parametric ANOVA).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               good for all varieties) and a minimum of zero (few




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of whether the produce was not aged, bruised or




                                              Results were considered statistically significant at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Quality was assessed for 10 varieties of fresh fruit




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       conduct the survey; the information collected was




                                                                                                     missing items, the sample mean price for the item
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               method. Surveyors were instructed to subjectively




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in




                                                                                                     determine the association of SES and remoteness

                                                                                                     The highest SES and highly accessible areas were




                                              Quality of fruit and vegetables was assessed using
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       the time of the survey may not have reflected usual




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               mouldy. For each store, a maximum score of 50 (all
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               on display were good against the combined criteria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               on whether all, most, half, some, or few of that item
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               rate the quality of these fruits and vegetables based
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               and vegetables using a five-point visual assessment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy




                                                                                                     with grocery cost and fruit and vegetable availability.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       publicly available, and prior knowledge of the survey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       may have biased the results, as available produce at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Permission was not sought from the store owners to




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists




7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             AVAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             COST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SURVEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        QUALITY
                                                                                                       Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                       areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                       group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                       budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                       strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                       to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                       Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                       may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                       of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                       vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                       NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                       basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                       available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                       those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                       on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                       a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                       consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                       and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                       tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                       metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                       alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                       surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                       geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                       and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                       equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                       nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                       the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s




                                                                                                                           8
                                                                                                       Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                       areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                       group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                       budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                       strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                       to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                       Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                       may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                       of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                       vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                       NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                       basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                       available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                       those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                       on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                       a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                       consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                       and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                       tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                       metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                       alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                       surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                       geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                       and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                       equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                       nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                       the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                       basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and betwee
                                                                                                       remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fru
                                                                                                       food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                       Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nu
                                                                                                       useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent th
                                                                                                       introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                             VAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                     OST




                                                                                                       areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more re
                                                                                                     URVEY




                                                                                                       population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important f
                                                                                                     UALITY




                                                                                                       fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. F
                                                                                                       as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                       The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be intr
                                                                                                       of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas
                                                                                                       vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these popula
                                                                                                       economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit an
                                                                                                       educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buy
                                                                                                       burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Can
                                                                                                       afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a he
                                                                                                       socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetabl
                                                                                                       preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio econo
                                                                                                       as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educat
                                                                                                       and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden
                                                                                                       government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to
                                                                                                       and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio e
                                                                                                       availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preference
                                                                                                       areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is avai
                                                                                                       appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and
                                                                                                       basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                       healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both withi
                                                                                                       living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced a
                                                                                                       this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote a
                                                                                                       tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase a
                                                                                                       alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                       surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                       geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                       and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                       equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                       nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                       the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s
                                                                                                       Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                       areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                       group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
(Figure 2).
and vegetables according to the SES of the location
There was no apparent trend for the cost of fruit
accessible areas (t146 = 1.96, P=0.05) (Figure 2).
expensive in remote areas compared with highly
fruit and vegetables were significantly more
fruit and vegetables was not statistically significant,
between the remoteness of the area and the cost of        (Figure 1).
accessible areas. While the overall association           the total food basket and the SES of the location
$256.36 more per year than those in the highly            There was no apparent trend between the cost of
remoteness, with those in remote areas paying
The cost of the fruit and vegetables increased by          compared with the highly accessible locations.
                                                           more expensive per year in the remote locations,
(Figure 2).                                                mean cost of the food basket was $184.86
of the food basket was $194.66 (191.40 – 197.92)           remoteness (non-significant) (Figure 1). The
The mean cost of the fruit and vegetable component         The cost of the total food basket increased by
                        Vegetable component
                        cost of Fruit and                 range from between $11,202.10 and $11,448.84.
                                                          their nutritional requirements, however this could
                                                          $11,325.34 for a standard basket of food to meet
                                                          12-month period, it would cost a family of six
                                                          (95% CI: $430.85 - $440.34) (Figure 1). Over a
frozen and canned varieties.
                                                          The mean price of the food basket was $435.59
were fruits and vegetables (34%), including fresh,
Of the 44 items in the healthy food basket, 15 items
                                                          expensive basket.
group in the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating.14
                                                          of $182.42 between the cheapest and the most
recommended dietary proportions for each food
                                                          $519.71 (Murrurundi, Hunter region), a difference
extras (4%). This ranking is consistent with the
                                                          from $337.29 (Blaxland, Western Sydney) to
meat alternatives (18%), dairy foods (10%) and
                                                          The overall cost of the healthy food basket ranged
followed by breads and cereals (24%), meat and
component of the total food basket cost (44%),
                                                                        Food Basket
Fruit and vegetables contributed the largest
                                                                        overall cost of the healthy
                the Food Basket
                cost of Food groups Within                                                    ResuLts
                                                          NSW HEALTHY FOOD BASKET
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      components
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent




                                                                                                                                                                                                            food basket and SES.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more




                                                           49.3 – 70.17) (Figure 3).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      cost of other Food Basket
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price




                                                                                                                     119 varieties (Armidale, North West).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           people living in highly accessible areas.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality




                                                                                                                                                                          Variety of Fruit and Vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         meat and meat alternatives and remoteness.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase




    compared to the higher SES areas. Quintile 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           extra foods decreased with remoteness (non-




                                                                                                                     The mean number of fresh fruit and vegetable
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food




    Similarly, there was a lower number of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           paying $23.40 less per year than those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those




                                                           and vegetable varieties available with increasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           paying $50.18 less per year than those in highly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The cost of breads and cereals, dairy foods and




                                                                                                                                                                                                            of any component food group within the healthy




                                                           – 77.5) compared with the accessible areas (64,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           highly accessible areas. Lastly, the mean cost of




    had five fewer varieties of fruit and vegetables to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           extra foods was $15.96; with those people living
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of,




                                                                                                                     ranged from 23 (Wauchope, Mid North Coast) to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cereals was $103.16, with those in remote areas



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           was $41.98, with those living in remote locations




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           in remote areas paying $33.28 less per year than




    choose from (62, 57.0 – 67.2) compared with the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropoli-




                                                           60.4 – 68.1), and 13 more than remote areas (60,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         There was no apparent trend between the cost of




                                                                                                                     varieties in NSW stores was 67 (63.8 – 69.7). This




                                                           There was a trend for a decreasing number of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           significant) (Table 3). The mean cost of breads and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           accessible areas. The mean cost of dairy products




    vegetable varieties available in the lower SES areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price




                                                           remoteness. Highly accessible areas had nine more
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Also, there was no apparent trend between the cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between




                                                           fruit and vegetable varieties to select from (73, 69.45
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              COST, AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY SURVEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                entire sample.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NSW mean (Figure 3).




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     19 stores across all areas.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Quality of Fruit and Vegetables




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re




                                                                                                                         Highly accessible areas scored an average
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure




                                                                                                                         of 4 points more for quality than the remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s




                                                                                                                         (non-significant). Also, there was no significant
                                                                                                                         locations (43, 41.7 – 44.8; vs. 39, 33.6 – 45.3)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab




                                                                                                                         vegetables and SES (Figure 4). Quality was not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NSW was 42 (40.24 – 43.10), out of a possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of localities, and fruit and vegetable variety was




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco




                                                                                                                         associated with the cost of fruit and vegetables.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                variation in fruit and vegetable variety across the




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The mean quality score for fruit and vegetables in




                                                                                                                         association between the quality score for fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             state mean. In contrast quintile 5, the highest SES

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             to select from (77, 72.0 – 82.2) compared with the




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     score of 50 points. The lowest score was identified




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             areas, had 10 more varieties of fruit and vegetables




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SES and remoteness are attributable for 10% of the




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     highest score was 50 points, which was identified in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The association between both SES and remoteness




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     in Guyra, North West, with a score of 10 points. The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                significant (F (6, 143) = 2.75, P = 0.015). Together, both




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists




9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      AVAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      COST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SURVEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    QUALITY
                                                                                                             Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                             areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                             group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                             budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                             strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                             to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                             Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                             may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                             of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                             vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                             NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                             basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                             available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                             those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                             on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                             a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                             consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                             and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                             tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                             metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                             alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                             surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                             geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                             and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                             equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                             nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                             the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s




                                                                                                                        10
                                                                                                             Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                             areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                             group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                             budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                             strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                             to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                             Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                             may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                             of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                             vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                             NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                             basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                             available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                             those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                             on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                             a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                             consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                             and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                             tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                             metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                             alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                             surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                             geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                             and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                             equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                             nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                             the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                             basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and betwee
                                                                                                             remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fru
                                                                                                             food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                             Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nu
                                                                                                             useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent th
                                                                                                             introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.




                                                          grocery items, regardless of where they live.
                                                                                                                                                                   VAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                           OST




                                                                                                             areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more re
                                                                                                           URVEY




                                                                                                             population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important f
                                                                                                           UALITY




                                                                                                             fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. F
                                                                                                             as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                             The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be intr
                                                                                                             of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas
                                                                                                             vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these popula
                                                                                                             economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit an




                                                          help to ensure that all families pay a similar price for
                                                                                                             educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buy
                                                                                                             burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Can
                                                                                                             afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a he
                                                                                                             socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetabl
                                                                                                             preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio econo
                                                                                                             as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educat
                                                                                                             and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden
                                                                                                             government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to




                                                          monitoring the price of supermarket prices16 would
                                                                                                             and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio e
                                                                                                             availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preference
                                                                                                             areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is avai
                                                                                                             appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and
                                                                                                             basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                             healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both withi
                                                                                                             living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced a
                                                                                                             this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote a




                                                          Competition and Consumer Commission’s role in
                                                                                                             tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase a
                                                                                                             alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                             surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                             geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                             and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                             equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                             nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                             the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s




                                                          across NSW. Proposals to strengthen the Australian
                                                                                                             Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                             areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                          itself to recommendations for price monitoring     group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
and SES of areas.17                                       chains. The high variability of grocery prices lends
no clear trend between healthy food basket cost           was not associated with the different supermarket
in previous research from Adelaide, which indicated       variability in the cost of the healthy food basket
findings between cost and SES have been identified        basket within regions was also considerable. The
healthy food basket and the SES of localities. Similar    region). Variability in the cost of the healthy food
There were no clear trends between the cost of the        the most expensive basket ($519.71 in the Hunter
                                                          cheapest basket ($337.29 in Western Sydney) and
 consumers in these remote areas.                         there was a difference of $182.42 between the
 of the grocery items; which is ultimately paid for by    food basket across NSW. Across all stores surveyed
 increased fuel usage are likely to add to the cost       survey was the variability in the price of a healthy
 groceries to more remote areas, and subsequent           One of the most striking findings from the current
 The increased cost involved in transporting
                                                          healthy food basket.
increased to $242.22.                                     would spend 56% of their income to purchase a
increased to $554.18, and fruit and vegetables            income, earning an average of $390 per week,15
Queensland areas, the cost of the total food basket       on groceries. Households in the lowest quintile of
more expensive than in NSW. In very remote                higher proportion of their income would be spent
vegetable component was $204.99; again, 5%                people with below average incomes, a considerably
5% more expensive than NSW, and the fruit and             energy and nutrient requirements. However, for
Survey,5 the cost of the overall basket was $457.46;      22% of their income on groceries to meet their
In the 2006 Queensland Healthy Food Basket                basket survey, this family would need to spend
                                                          per week.15 According to the current healthy food
few very remote areas.                                    aged 44 years with dependent children is $646
difference in cost by remoteness. NSW has relatively      report, the average family income for two adults
sampling of very remote areas revealed a significant      Household Income and Income Distribution (2007)
Basket surveys conducted in Queensland, the over-         According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics
identified in previous research.4,5 In the Healthy Food
                                                                    cost of the healthy Food Basket
in the highly accessible areas. This trend has been
more per year for fruit and vegetables than those
areas. Those living in remote locations pay $256.36       stores, and from diverse areas across NSW.
vegetables between highly accessible and remote           the collection of data from both a large number of
was a significant difference in the cost of fruit and     satellite centres dispersed around NSW, allowed for
and vegetables was not statistically significant, there   position of The Cancer Council NSW, in that it has
association between remoteness and cost of fruit          with a store sample of 150 food outlets. The unique
healthy food basket increased). While the overall         availability and quality of healthy foods in Australia,
(as areas became more remote, the cost of the             This study provides the largest analysis of cost,
cost of the total food basket with remoteness
There was a positive linear trend for the increasing                                         discussion
                                                          NSW HEALTHY FOOD BASKET
                                                                                                                       and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                       tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                       metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                       alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                       surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                       geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                       and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                       equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                       nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                       the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                       Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                       areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                       group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                       budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                       strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                       to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                       Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                       may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                       of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                       vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                       NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                       basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                       available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                       those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                       on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                available
                                                                                                                       a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                       consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                       and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                       tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                       metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                       alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                       surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                       geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                       and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                       equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                       nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                       the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food
                                                                                                                       basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more
                                                                                                                       remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important
                                                                                                                       food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations.
                                                                                                                       Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                                       useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be
                                                                                                                       introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic
                                                                                                                       areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these
                                                                                                                       population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of
                                                                                                                       fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such




                                                      associated with consumption.1
                                                                                                                       as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability
                                                                                                                       The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost
                                                                                                                       of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and
                                                                                                                       vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio
                                                                                                                       economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which
                                                                                                                       educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price
                                                                                                                       burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can
                                                                                                                       afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower
                                                                                                                       socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their
                                                                                                                       preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Variety of Fruit and Vegetables
                                                                                                                       as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season
                                                                                                                       and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                                       government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within
                                                                                                                       and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced




                                                                                                            Both SES and remoteness were associated
                                                                                                                       availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Overall, during the survey period there was a
                                                                                                                       areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase




                                                                                                            and increasing remoteness being significantly
                                                                                                                       appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food




                                                                                                            with fruit and vegetable variety, with lower SES
                                                                                                                       basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a




                                                      food group found that availability was positively
                                                                                                            accessible areas is not simply a seasonal issue.
                                                                                                                       healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those




                                                                                                            for decreasing availability of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                           up to eight different varieties of apples available.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           wide variety of fruits and vegetables available for




                                                                                                            indicating that the disparity between remote and
                                                                                                                       living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of,




                                                                                                            surveys were conducted between April and May,




                                                      A recent systematic review of research relating to
                                                                                                                                                                                                           an average of 68 different varieties were recorded
                                                                                                                       this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropoli-
                                                                                                                       tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen




                                                      fruit and vegetable variety and consumption of this
                                                                                                            varieties with remoteness has also been previously
                                                                                                                                                                                                           purchase. A total of 30 different fruit and vegetable




                                                                                                            associated with fewer available varieties. This trend



                                                                                                            demonstrated in Queensland.4,5 These Queensland
                                                                                                                       alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price




                                                                                                                                                                                                           types were included in the survey tool, and of these

                                                                                                                                                                                                           across NSW, for example in some stores there were
                                                                                                                       surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                       geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                       and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                       equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                       nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                       the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                       Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                       areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                       group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                       budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                       strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                       to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                       Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                       may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                       of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                       vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                       NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                       basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                       available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Quality




                                                                                                                       those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                       on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                       a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and




                                                                               possible 50.
                                                                                                                       consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                       and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    COST, AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY SURVEY




                                                                                                                       tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                       metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                       alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                       surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                       geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     its acceptability for purchase.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou




     vegetables according to remoteness.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure




     association between the quality of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp




     locations this association was not statistically
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s




     While there was some difference in the quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     as fresh fruit and vegetables, is a key factor in




                                                                               in the Southern region. Each of these localities
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab




     of fruit and vegetables according to the SES of
                                                                               received a score of less than 15 points out of a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                               Western region; Mudgee in the Western region;
                                                                               areas with the poorest overall quality of fruit and
                                                                               42, out of a possible score of 50 points. No one




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                               Salamander Bay in the Hunter; and Warilla Grove
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     achieving food security; which refers to the ability




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re




     had the best quality fruit and vegetables available
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     reliable basis.18 The quality of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Quality of food, in particular perishable items such




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     determines its nutrient content, and will also affect




     the poorest quality of fruit and vegetable available,
                                                                               In the current survey, the overall quality of fruit and

                                                                               quality score for fruits and vegetables in NSW was

                                                                               particular fruit and vegetable item was consistently
                                                                               of poorer quality, with the mean quality score for all




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                               vegetables were Guyra and Glen Innes in the North




     significant; the low SES and mid SES locations had
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of families to obtain nutritious food on a regular and




     with a score of 43. Similarly there was no significant
                                                                               survey items being 4 out of a possible 5 points. The




     each with a score of 40, and the high SES locations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                               vegetables in NSW was reasonably good. The mean




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in




11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            AVAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            COST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SURVEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       QUALITY
                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s




                                                           12
                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and betwee
                                                remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fru
                                                food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nu
                                                useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent th
                                                introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                      VAILABILITY
                                                                                                              OST




                                                areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more re
                                              URVEY




                                                population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important f
                                              UALITY




                                                fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. F
                                                as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be intr
                                                of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas
                                                vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these popula
                                                economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit an
                                                educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buy
                                                burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Can
                                                afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a he
                                                socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetabl
                                                preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio econo
                                                as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educat
                                                and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden
                                                government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to
                                                and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio e
                                                availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preference
                                                areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is avai
                                                appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and
                                                basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both withi
                                                living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced a
                                                this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote a
                                                tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase a
                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s
                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
variety and quality available for comparison.
although there are no benchmark standards for
fruit and vegetables in these areas was reasonable,
In general the number of varieties and the quality of
that these areas had few varieties or poor quality.
SES and more accessible areas, it cannot be said
fruits and vegetables of poorer qualities than higher
SES and remote areas offered fewer varieties of
different demographic areas. However, while lower
vegetables, appear to be more disparate between
available and the quality of these fruit and
basket, including the variety of fruit and vegetables
Other barriers to the attainability of a healthy food
 geographical areas.
 in regional and remote areas often span large
 basket according to SES. Postcodes, particularly
 obscured any trend in the cost of the healthy food
 using postcodes as a proxy for location, may have
 The classification of areas according to SES,
variability within different remoteness groupings.
appear to follow this trend, there was a large
the cost of the total basket and fruit and vegetables
remoteness. Findings from NSW indicate that whilst
has shown a trend for increasing cost with
basket in the Northern Territory6 and Queensland4,5
Previous research on the cost of a healthy food
access to, and purchase of, a healthy food basket.
This survey has identified potential barriers to the
                                concLusion
NSW HEALTHY FOOD BASKET
     and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
     tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
     metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
     alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
     surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
     geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
     and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
     equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
     nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
     the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
     Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
     areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
     group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
     budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
     strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,




                                                                                                               4
                                                                                                                    3
                                                                                                                         2
     to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
     Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
     may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
     of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
     vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
     NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
     basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties




                      Remote
     available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
     those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
     on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing




                                 Accessible
                                                                                                                              1 (very low)
     a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and




                                                                                               5 (very high)
     consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
     and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
     tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
     metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
     alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price




                                                                                                                                                                                     classification
     surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between




                                              Highly accessible
     geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
     and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
     equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
     nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
     the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food
     basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more
     remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important
     food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations.
     Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
     useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be
     introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic
     areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these
     population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of
     fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such
     as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability
     The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost




                                                                  ARIA+ score for remoteness
     of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and
     vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio
     economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which
     educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price
     burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can
     afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower
     socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their
     preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality
     as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season
     and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
     government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within
     and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced
     availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote




                                                                                                                                             SEIFA score for socio economic status
     areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase
     appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food
     basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a
     healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those
     living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of,
     this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropoli-
     tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
     alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
     surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
     geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
     and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
     equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 RESULTS TABLES AND FIGURES




     nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
     the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
     Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
     areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
     group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
     budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
     strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
     to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
     Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
     may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
     of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
     vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
     NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
     basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
     available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
     those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
     on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
     a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
     consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups




                      23
                                 75
                                              52
                                                                                               25
                                                                                                               31
                                                                                                                    35
                                                                                                                         32
                                                                                                                              27




     and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
     tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
     metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
     alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
     surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
     geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                     number of stores
                                                                                                                                                                                                        taBLe 1: cLassiFication oF Food stoRes in the samPLe.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in




13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AVAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              COST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SURVEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                QUALITY
                                                                                                      Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                      areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                      group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                      budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                      strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                      to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                      Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                      may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                      of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                      vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                      NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                      basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                      available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                      those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                      on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                      a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                      consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                      and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                      tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                      metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                      alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                      surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                      geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                      and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                      equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                      nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                      the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s




                                                                                                                 14
                                                                                                      Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                      areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                      group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                      budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                      strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                      to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                      Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                      may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                      of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                      vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                      NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                      basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                      available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                      those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                      on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                      a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                      consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                      and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                      tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                      metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                      alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                      surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                      geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                      and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                      equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                      nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                      the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                      basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and betwee
                                                                                                      remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fru
                                                                                                      food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                      Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nu
                                                                                                      useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent th
                                                                                                      introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                            VAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                    OST




                                                                                                      areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more re
                                                                                                    URVEY




                                                                                                      population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important f
                                                                                                    UALITY




                                                                                                      fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. F
                                                                                                      as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                      The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be intr
                                                                                                      of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas
                                                                                                      vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these popula
                                                                                                      economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit an
                                                                                                      educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buy
                                                                                                      burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Can
                                                                                                      afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a he
                                                                                                      socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetabl
                                                                                                      preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio econo
                                                                                                      as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educat
                                                                                                      and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden
                                                                                                      government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to
                                                                                                      and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio e
                                                                                                      availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preference
                                                                                                      areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is avai
                                                                                                      appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and
                                                                                                      basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                      healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both withi
                                                                                                      living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced a
                                                                                                      this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote a
                                                                                                      tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase a
                                                                                                      alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                      surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                      geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                      and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                      equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                      nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                      the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s



                                                                     0.75L                     Canola Oil
                                                                                                      Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                      areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                      group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                      3kg                     White sugar
                                                                                    olive-based margarine
                                                                     1.5kg          Canola, sunflower or
                                                                      1kg                     Sliced ham
                                                                      1kg           Sausages (plain beef)
                                                                     1.32g              Dozen large eggs
                                                                      170g         Tinned smoked oysters
                                                                      2kg                 Frozen chicken
                                                                     1.7kg           Tinned baked beans
                                                                      1kg                    Rump steak
                                                                      1kg                     Beef mince
                                                                      820g         Tinned meat and onion
*Indicates fruit and vegetable items assessed for quality.            340g            Tinned corned beef
                                                                      500g           Cheese, yellow, hard
             4L                        Orange juice (100%)             4L                 UHT, whole milk
           3.52g                                Tinned fruit          1kg            Powdered milk, skim
            450g                           Tinned beetroot            1kg           Powdered milk, whole
            880g                               Tinned peas             1L           Fresh reduced fat milk
           2.5kg                               Frozen peas             8L                      Fresh milk
            1kg                        Arnott’s Sao biscuits          5kg                       Bananas*
           1.02kg                           Instant noodles           11kg                      Oranges*
          1.275kg                         Tinned spaghetti            6kg                         Apples*
            5kg                                   White rice          2kg                         Onions*
            750g                                Rolled oats           2kg                        Carrots*
           1.5kg                       Wheat biscuit cereal         1.5 whole                    Lettuce*
           2.5kg                     Wholemeal flour, plain          1.5kg                      Cabbage*
           2.5kg                           White flour, plain        1.5kg                      Pumpkin*
           6.8kg                   Loaf of wholemeal bread            10kg                      Potatoes*
           6.8kg                        Loaf of white bread           5kg                      Tomatoes*
      Requirement                                                 Requirement
    Reference Family                             Product        Reference Family                Product
                              Based on nutRient ReQuiRement oF the ReFeRence FamiLy.
                              taBLe 2: the comPosition oF the heaLthy Food BasKet,
                                                                  RESULTS TABLES AND FIGURES
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Total Cost of Healthy Food ($)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                                                                                                    budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                    strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                Cost of Fruit and Vegetables ($)                                                                                                                    to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Total Cost of Healthy Food ($)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                    may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                    of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                               Cost of Fruit and Vegetables ($)                                                                                                                     vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                    NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           415
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           420
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           425
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           430
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           435
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           440
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           445
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           450
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           455
                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                    available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and




     *P = 0.05
                                                                                                                                                                                                    those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                                                                                                    on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              415
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              420
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              425
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              430
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              435
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              440
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              445
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              450
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              455




                                            170
                                            175
                                            180
                                            185
                                            190
                                            195
                                            200
                                            205
                                            210
                                            215
                                                                                                                                                                                                    a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in




                                              170
                                              175
                                              180
                                              185
                                              190
                                              195
                                              200
                                              205
                                              210
                                              215
                                                                                                                                                                                                    metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve




                                                                            *
                                    Remote                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more




                                                                          *
                                  Remote                                                                                                                                                            remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important
                                                                                                                                                                                                    food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                                                                                                                    useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Accessible
                                                                                                                                                                                                    introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic
                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these
                                 Accessible                                                                                                                                                         population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of
                                                                                                                                                                                                    fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Accessible
                                                                                                                                                                                                    as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability




                                                                                                                                                                                          ARIA+
                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost
                               Accessible                                                                                                                                                           of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio
                                                                                                                                                                                                    economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which




                 ARIA+
                                                                                                                                                                                            ARIA+
                                                                                                                                                                                                    educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price
                                                                                                                                                                                                    burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can
                                                                                                                                                                                                    afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower
                                                                                                                                                                                                    socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their




                   ARIA+
                                                                   *
                           Highly accessible                                                                                                                                                        Highly accessible
                                                                                                                                                                                                    preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                    as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                                                                                                                    government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within




                                                                 *
                      Highly accessible                                                                                                                                                        Highly accessible
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced
                                                                                                                                                                                                    availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                    areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase
                                                                                                                                                                                                    appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a
                                                                                                                                                                                                    healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those
                                                                                                                                                                                                    living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of,
                                                                                                                                                                                                    this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropoli-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                         Q1                                                                                                                                                         areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                                                                                                    budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Q1
                                                                                                                                                                                                    strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                      Q1                                                                                                                                                            to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                    may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Q1
                                                                                                                                                                                                    of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                    NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                    basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                         Q2                                                                                                                                                         available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                                                                                                    on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                    a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                      Q2                                                                                                                                                            consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Q2
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-




                                                                                Reference line indicates NSW mean
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Q2
                                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between




                                                                                   Reference line indicates NSW mean
                                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                         Q3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Reference line indicates NSW mean




                 SEIFA
                                      Q3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Q3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Reference line indicates NSW mean




                   SEIFA
                                                                                                                                                                                          SEIFA
                                         Q4                                                                                                                                                                                       Q3




                                                                                                                                                                                            SEIFA
                                      Q4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Q4                                                                                                                                                                                                                     group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           heaLthy Food BasKet, accoRding to Remoteness and ses.




                                         Q5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Q4                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                      Q5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Q5                                                                                                                                                                                                                     on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab




                                                                                                                       and VegetaBLe comPonent, accoRding to Remoteness and ses.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Q5                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy




                                                                                                                       FiguRe 2: the mean cost and 95% conFidence inteRVaL oF the FRuit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           FiguRe 1: the mean cost and 95% conFidence inteRVaL oF the totaL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in




15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AVAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   COST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SURVEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              QUALITY
                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                    areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                    budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                    strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                    to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                    Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                    may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                    of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                    NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                    basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                    available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                    those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                    on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                    a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                    consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                    and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                    tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                    metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s




                                                                                                                                                                                                    16
                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                    areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                    budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                    strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                    to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                    Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                    may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                    of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                    NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                    basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                    available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                    those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                    on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                    a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                    consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                    and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                    tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                    metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                    basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and betwee
                                                                                                                                                                                    remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fru
                                                                                                                                                                                    food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                    Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nu
                                                                                                                                                                                    useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent th
                                                                                                                                                                                    introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          VAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  OST




                                                                                                                                                                            ^, # P = 0.01
                                                                                                                                                                                    areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more re
                                                                                                                                                                                    URVEY




                                                                                                                                                                                    population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important f
                                                                                                                                                                                    UALITY




                                                                                                                                                                                    fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. F
                                                                                                                                                                                    as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                                                                                                    The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be intr
                                                                                                                                                                                    of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas
                                                                                                                                                                                    vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these popula
                                                                                                                                                                                    economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit an




                                                                                                                                                                            * P = 0.05
                                                                                                                                                                                    educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buy
                                                                                                                                                                                    burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Can
                                                                                                                                                                                    afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a he
                                                                                                                                                                                    socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetabl
                                                                                                                                                                                    preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio econo
                                                                                                                                                                                    as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educat
                                                                                                                                                                                    and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden
                                                                                                                                                                                    government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to
                                                                                                                                                                                    and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio e
                                                                                                                                                                                    availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preference
                                                                                                                                                                                    areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is avai
                                                                                                                                                                                    appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and
                                                                                                                                                                                    basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                                                                                                    healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both withi
                                                                                                                                                                                    living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced a
                                                                                                                                                                                    this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote a




                          SEIFA                                                                                            ARIA+
                                                                                                                                                                                    tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase a
                                                                                                                                                                                    alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                    surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                    geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                    and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                    equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                    nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                    the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s
                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                    areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                    group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
        Q5
                  Q4
                               Q3
                                             Q2
                                                          Q1
                                                                                  Highly accessible
                                                                                                                             Accessible
                                                                                                                                                          Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                                                               10
                                                                                                                                                                               20
                                                                                                                                                                               30
                                                                                                                                                                               40
                                                                                                                                                                               50
                                                                                                                                                                               60
                                                                                                                                                                               70
                                             ^            *                                                                   #                           ^
                                                                                 #^                                                                                            80
        *^                                                                                                                                                                     90
                                                                                                                                                                                         No. of Fruit and Vegetable Varieties




                                      Reference line indicates NSW mean
FoR aVaiLaBLe FRuit and VegetaBLes, accoRding to Remoteness and ses.
FiguRe 3: the mean numBeR oF VaRieties and 95% conFidence inteRVaL
                                     SEIFA                                                                                ARIA+
                           * Significant difference between highly accessible and remote areas (P = 0.05).



                Q5
                          Q4
                                       Q3
                                                   Q2
                                                               Q1
                                                                                            Highly accessible
                                                                                                                             Accessible
                                                                                                                                                        Remote




      No apparent trend             i with remoteness (ns)           $15.96 (15.54 – 16.38)                                                                                  Extras170
      No apparent trend             i with remoteness (ns)           $41.98 (41.42 – 42.55)                                                                                  Dairy 175
      No apparent trend               No apparent trend              $79.82 (78.52 – 81.12)                                                            Meat and alternatives
                                                                                                                                                             180
      No apparent trend             i with remoteness (ns)          $103.16 (101.16 – 105.17)                                                            Breads and cereals
                                                                                                                                                              185
      No apparent trend              h with remoteness*             $194.66 (191.40 – 197.92)                                                           Fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                               190
         seiFa                         aRia+                                                                                                                                 195
      mean cost with                mean cost with                        (95% ci)
                                                                           *                                                                                                 200
      association of                association of                       mean cost                                                                               Food group
                                                                                                                                                                             205
                                                                                                                                                                             210
                    *
         comPonent Food gRouPs, accoRding to Remoteness and ses.
                                                                                                                                                                                         Cost of Fruit and Vegetables ($)




             215
         taBLe 3: comPaRison oF theline indicates NSW mean
                            Reference cost oF the heaLthy Food BasKet
                           SEIFA                                                                                            ARIA+
                                                                    RESULTS TABLES AND FIGURES




        Q5
                     Q4
                               Q3
                                              Q2
                                                           Q1
                                                                                                      Highly accessible
                                                                                                                                          Accessible
                                                                                                                                                                   Remote
                                                                                                                                                                                 415
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Tot
                                                                                                                                                                                 420
                 and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                 tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                 metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                 and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                 equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                 nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                 the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                 Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                 areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                 group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                 budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                 strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                               Quality of Fruit and Vegetables                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No. of Fruit an
                 to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                 Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                 may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                 of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                 vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                 NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                 basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                30




                                                30
                                                32
                                                34
                                                36
                                                38
                                                40
                                                42
                                                44
                                                46
                                                48
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0


                 available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                 those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                 on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                 a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                 consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                 and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                 tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                 metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between                                                          Remote
                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                            Remote
                 and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                 equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                 nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                 the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food
                 basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more
                 remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important
                 food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations.
                 Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                 useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be
                 introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic
                 areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these                                                  Accessible
                 population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of
                     Accessible
                 fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such
                 as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability
                 The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ARIA+



                 of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and




     ARIA+
                 vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio
                 economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which
                 educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price
                 burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can
                 afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower
                 socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their
                 preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality
                 as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season
             Highly accessible                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Highly accessible
                 and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                 government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within
                 and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced
                 availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote
                 areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase
                 appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food
                 basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a
                 healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those
                 living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of,
                 this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropoli-
                 tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                 and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                 equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                 nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                 the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                 Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                 areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                 group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                 budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                 strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,                                                                     Q1
                 to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                 Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                 may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                        Q1
                 of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                 vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                 NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                 basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                 available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                 those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                 on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                 a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                 consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups                                                                       Q2
                 and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                 tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                 metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                        Q2
                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Q3
                                                                                                                                                Reference line indicates NSW mean




                                        Q3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SEIFA




     SEIFA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Q4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                        Q4                                                                                                                                                                                                            may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Q5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                    FiguRe 4: the mean QuaLity scoRe and 95% conFidence inteRVaL oF




                                        Q5
                                                                                                                                                                                    FRuit and VegetaBLe VaRieties, accoRding to Remoteness and ses.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in




17
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           AVAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           COST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      SURVEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      QUALITY
                                                                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s




                                                                                                           18
                                                                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive var
                                                                                                Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog
                                                                                                vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to re
                                                                                                NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure
                                                                                                basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently
                                                                                                available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may imp
                                                                                                those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the s
                                                                                                on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetab
                                                                                                a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW reco
                                                                                                consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists
                                                                                                and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The re
                                                                                                tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in
                                                                                                metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purch
                                                                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government pric
                                                                                                basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and betwee
                                                                                                remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fru
                                                                                                food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nu
                                                                                                useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent th
                                                                                                introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                      VAILABILITY
                                                                                                                                                              OST




                                                                                                areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more re
                                                                                              URVEY




                                                                                                population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important f
                                                                                              UALITY




                                                                                                fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. F
                                                                                                as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a
                                                                                                The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be intr
                                                                                                of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas
                                                                                                vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these popula
                                                                                                economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit an
                                                                                                educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buy
                                                                                                burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Can
                                                                                                afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a he
                                                                                                socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetabl
                                                                                                preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio econo
                                                                                                as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educat
                                                                                                and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden
                                                                                                government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to
                                                                                                and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio e
                                                                                                availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preference
                                                                                                areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is avai
                                                                                                appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and
                                                                                                basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both withi
                                                                                                living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced a
                                                                                                this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote a
                                                                                                tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase a
                                                                                                alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy
                                                                                                surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and co
                                                                                                geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consu
                                                                                                equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to resident
                                                                                                nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and
                                                                                                the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price s
                                                                                                Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
of The Cancer Council NSW who conducted the survey.
We are grateful for the assistance of the volunteers, staff members and regional program coordinators
                                                                   ACKNOWLEDgEmENT
                                                                      Email: bridgetk@nswcc.org.au
                                                                      Nutrition Project Officer
                                                                      Bridget Kelly
                                                                        Email: kathyc@nswcc.org.au
                                                                        Nutrition Program Manager
                                                                        Kathy Chapman
                                              FOR mORE INFORmATION CONTACT
                                                 NSW HEALTHY FOOD BASKET
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2004;61:208-14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     REFERENCE LIST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Public Health Partnership; 2001.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Content/health-pubs-hfsocc-ocpanew14a.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     health/food_nutrition/MBS_2005_NT_report.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    qualitative study. Health Educ Res 2004;19:165-74
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropoli-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              732A00258B68/$File/6523055001DS0001_2005-06.xls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://www.katelundy.com.au/grocery%20price%20watch.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         61001cc588/8298f6ab51491a7cca2570a400770380%21OpenDocument
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 consume a healthy food basket.Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups




                                                                                                                                         metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. Nutrition and Dietetics 2007;64:241-7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and vegetables for these population groups may impact on their preferences for, and consump-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      COST, AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY SURVEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tion of, this important food group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal access to a variety of fruit and vegetables of the same quality as is available to residents in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 metropolitan locations. Food budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritious foods cheaply, such as buying fruit and vegetables in season and using tinned and frozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 alternatives, may be a useful strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact of price variability The Cancer Council NSW recommends that government price
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 surveillance mechanisms be introduced, to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 geographic and demographic areas in NSW. Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    internet/wcms/Publishing.nsf/Content/health-pubhlth-strateg-food-guide-index.htm




     practice interventions. Gladesville, NSW: Better Health Centre Publications Warehouse; 2003.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            (9) McIntyre J, et al. Market Basket Survey Sydney June 2006. Sydney Food Fairness Alliance; 2006.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Extensive variability in the cost of a healthy food basket exists both within and between geogr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      areas have fewer fruit and vegetable varieties available. The reduced availability of fruit and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      group. People in lower socio economic groups and those living in remote areas deserve equal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      budgeting programs, which educate consumers on how to purchase appropriate and nutritiou
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      strategy to reduce the price burden of purchasing a healthy food basket. To prevent the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      to ensure all families can afford to purchase and consume a healthy food basket. Extensive va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Currently people in lower socio economic groups and those living in more remote areas have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      may impact on their preferences for, and consumption of, this important food group. People in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      of the same quality as is available to residents in metropolitan locations. Food budgeting prog