Safer Roads Casualty Report 2009 by sdsdfqw21


									 “Safer Roads” – the
Casualty Report 2009

   Highway Safety Group
       August 2010

                          Neil Woodcock
                          Head of Service
                          Highway Safety

Road accidents are the largest single cause of premature death and serious
injury in the country. Each year their cost to the national economy is in the
order of £18 billion pounds, equivalent to 1.5% of GDP.

Locally, around 70 people - the equivalent of a double-decker bus load – are
killed and injured every week on the county’s roads. Besides the incalculable
suffering and grief that accidents cause, their cost to the community is around
£180 million pounds per year and they remain a huge drain on the resources
of the NHS and emergency services.

It remains true to say that the vast majority of accidents have a significant
element of human error and many could be prevented.

The County Council’s focus on providing innovative, appropriate and cost-
effective engineering, education and enforcement interventions must be
maintained if we are to bring about further reductions in the numbers of
people killed and injured on the County’s roads. As budgets and resources
become tighter, our emphasis will continue to be on saving lives and
casualties, but with less resource available.

This report comprises an overview of the County Council’s progress towards
meeting the national casualty reduction targets by 2010, together with an
outline of our strategy, examples of activities and consideration of some
issues that affect our performance.

The national casualty reduction targets

The national targets published in 2000, to be achieved by 2010 for reducing
the number of people injured in road accidents are –

          40% reduction in All KSI casualties*
          50% reduction in child KSI casualties*
          10% reduction in slight casualties*

KSI = Killed and seriously injured casualties. * Compared to the 94-98 averages.

1         Summary of progress

      •     Excellent progress towards the national casualty reduction
            targets has been achieved through a combination of
            engineering, education and enforcement activities.
      •     Our response has been delivered through the 49 actions in the
            County Council’s cross-service Road Safety Plan.
            Performance is monitored regularly and progress towards the
            targets is reviewed quarterly. Adjustments are made to planned
            actions as appropriate.
      •     Our 2009 year end figures indicate that we have now exceeded
            all national targets and met our LAA stretch target
      •     In addition, by the end of 2009 the number of people killed, at
            42, was the lowest recorded since records began in the early
            1970s despite year on year increases in traffic.
       Progress in more detail

   •   Performance against the national targets has been strong across the

   •   Against the “40% all KSI target” we have achieved a 46% reduction ie
       from 826 to 446, and have exceeded the national target.

   •   Against the “50% Child KSI target” we have achieved a 69% reduction
       ie from 129 to 40, so have already exceeded the national target

   •   Against the “10% reduction target” in slight casualties we have
       achieved a reduction of 21%. ie from 3387 to 2668. The target has
       been bettered.

   •   It should be noted that the number of fatalities in Nottinghamshire has
       reduced by 42% against the 94 – 98 baseline whereas nationally they
       have come down by 38%. (2009 Road Casualties in GB - DfT)

   •   In the same period, serious injuries have reduced by 46%, whereas
       nationally they have reduced by 44%). (2009 Road Casualties in GB -

   •   As part of our Local Area Agreement a “stretch” target was agreed in
       relation to “All KSI”. This has been achieved but as it is reported in
       arrears, it will not be formally confirmed until the end of the reporting
       period in 2011.

 Three of Britain’s top ten most improved roads, safety-wise, are in
 Nottinghamshire. Each year the Road Safety Foundation reviews the
 safest and the most dangerous roads nationwide. It measures the
 safety of 45,000kms of motorways and A-roads outside cities and
 ranks them.

 This is excellent news that reflects the effectiveness of our own road
 safety activities and our contribution to the efforts of our partners
 especially the Police and Highways Agency.

 The three routes are:
   A6075 Tuxford to New Ollerton A612 Averham to Lady Bay
   A52 Nottingham Ring Road to Bingham.

Our key priorities must be to sustain these reductions beyond 2010 whilst
making greater reductions in the number of accidents involving young adults
and motorcyclists of all types.

Fresh national targets are expected for the period 2010 - 2020 and the base-
line years are likely to be 2004 - 2008.

Given the strong performance delivered over the last five years, any new
targets will be very challenging as further downward trends will need to be
sustained for the next ten years in a climate of reduced resources.
2                                Progress and trends

Details of our 2009 performance and previous years are set out in the three
graphs below showing progress made towards achieving the three national
A detailed breakdown of accidents and casualties by severity and road-user
type is attached in Appendix A



                                               707     698     688     679

                           600                                                         542
                                                                                               518                      496
    No of KSIs






                                 94-98 Ave   2001    2002    2003    2004    2005    2006    2007    2008    2009     2010

Since 94-98 overall KSI has reduced by 46%. There has been a steady downward
progression throughout although the rate of reduction has accelerated since 2004. The
national target has been exceeded so the priority is to maintain this performance and make
further inroads into the figures.

                                        PROGRESS ON NOTTS COUNTY 2010 TARGET FOR REDUCTION IN CHILD KSI



                           100                          93
        No of Casualties

                                                                                       63                               65


                                                                                                       40      40


                                 94-98 Ave   2001    2002    2003    2004    2005    2006    2007    2008    2009    2010

Since 94-98 Child KSI has reduced by 69%. Whilst there has been some fluctuation year on
year, performance since 2007 has levelled-off. The reasons for this are currently being
                                             PROGRESS ON NOTTS COUNTY 2010 TARGET FOR REDUCTION IN SLIGHT


                                         3387                                                                              3387
                              3400                3360


                              3200                        3159                    3157
    No of Slight Casualties




                              2800                                                                        2779

                              2700                                                                                2668


                                     94-98 Ave   2001    2002    2003    2004    2005    2006    2007    2008    2009     2010

Since 94-98 the number of slight casualties has reduced by 21%. This contrasts with the
national target of a 10% reduction. NB This is interpreted as holding the number to that of the
baseline, offsetting the annual 1-1.5% traffic increase. Given the year on year increase in
traffic this is a good performance.

3                                    A planned approach and collaborative working

Our approach for reducing road traffic accidents and casualties combines
three key elements known as the three Es, applied singly or in combination:

                              •      Engineering
                              •      Education
                              •      Enforcement.

The benefits of a broad, multi-disciplinary approach to casualty reduction have
been long recognised by the council. To strengthen performance, in 2003 a
cross-service road safety plan was adopted covering the period up to 2010,
driven forward by a Road Safety Board. The current board comprises
representatives from transportation policy, the local transport plan team,
highway management, highway safety and is chaired by the Head of Highway

This has been a very effective means of achieving more focussed,
coordinated and systematic working resulting in improved casualty reduction
performance across the board. The cross-service plan is monitored quarterly
and revised as necessary to reflect changing circumstances and priorities.

The County Council continues to recognise casualty reduction as one of its
core priorities and the new Strategic Plan covering the period 2010 – 2014
contains a specific commitment to reduce the number of accidents on the
county’s roads.
To this end, closer working arrangements have been fostered with other
County Council departments and service areas including Children & Young
People Department, Chief Executives, and the Children’s Safeguarding
Board. We also contribute to the work of the Nottinghamshire Avoidable Injury
Group (NAIG), alongside health trusts, East Midlands Ambulance Service,
University of Nottingham, the council’s community safety team and others.

Collaboration with a wide range of external organisations and agencies
continues to be a major feature of the council’s approach to casualty
reduction. In order to maximise our casualty reduction potential, we continue
to work closely with other agencies and stakeholders having a remit to reduce
This is being achieved principally through the Nottinghamshire Road
Safety Partnership (NRSP), established in 2007 and involving the City and
County Councils, Police, Highways Agency, Fire & Rescue (NFRS), Her
Majesty’s Courts’ Service and the Nottinghamshire Primary Care Trust.

 Throughout 2009 we have worked with partners on a number of joint
 activities including
     • Awareness-raising targeted at high-risk groups eg young
         drivers, motorcyclists, speed, drink-drive
     • A successful bid to the Department for Transport under its
         Regional Partnership Road Safety Grant, resulting in an
         award of £260,000 for the regional Fatal 4 project
     • Publication of the second combined “Casualty Report”
     • The annual Road Safety Forum for stakeholders, hosted
         this year by the City Council
     • Development with NFRS of a Year 10 education resource
         for pre-driver/riders

Beyond the activities and projects listed above, we are also collaborating on
the following
   • motorcyclists (with the Police, Fire & Rescue and regional partners)
   • young driver campaigns (with the Police, Fire & Rescue and regional
   • trialling new safety camera technology (with the Police)
   • speed awareness courses for offenders (with the Police and partners)
   • whole route studies/remedial measures

As mentioned previously, it is anticipated that a new national casualty
reduction strategy reflecting the priorities of the coalition government and
associated revised casualty reduction targets covering the period up to 2020
will be published during 2010.

This will mean the creation of a new cross-service road safety plan following
analysis of our accident and casualty data, consideration of the government’s
new targets and the views of our elected Members, partners and colleagues
across the council.
4       Illustrating our work


Engineering schemes and safety audits are a key component to our casualty
reduction strategy and a countywide programme is delivered each year. This
year these include such remedial measures as junction improvements, traffic
calming, interactive signs, safety cameras, anti-skid surfacing, road
lighting, resurfacing and signing & lining schemes. 183 safety audits have
been carried out in 2009 to remove potential hazards on new schemes.

    84 casualty reduction schemes were introduced in 2009 costing just
    under £2m funded mainly by the Local Transport Plan capital
    programme. Although budgets are under pressure, we are hoping to
    invest in engineering schemes in the current year anticipating that this
    will save a further 50 accidents in the first year at treated locations.

    On average a 400% economic rate of return is achieved, which
    means for every pound spent we save the equivalent of four pounds.

Warsop Lane, Rainworth

The Accident Investigation Unit analysed road traffic accidents on the 30mph
length of the B 6020 Warsop Lane, Rainworth following a fatal road traffic

In the period 2005 – 2009, there were 10 reported injury accidents along this
length of road between its junction with Southwell Rd and Preston Road. 5 of
these accidents were outside the school of which 4 involved injuries to child
pedestrians on school journeys. The other accidents, one of which was a
double fatality on the bend adjacent to the Health Centre, occurred on the
section between the school and the junction with Southwell Road and involve
predominantly inbound cars travelling towards Rainworth.

Following an in-depth investigation, a range of remedial measures are being
introduced. These include replacement of one of the existing refuges outside
the school with a ramped zebra crossing. Surfacing and lining was also
renewed as part of the scheme and interactive ' Your Speed ' signs were also
provided on both approaches to the school. A second interactive sign has
been installed slowing drivers downhill from the Blidworth direction as they
approach the bend adjacent to the Health Centre.

Before: refuge outside school            After: ramped zebra crossing

A range of evidence-led education and awareness raising activities are
carried out each year by the road safety education team. In addition to our on-
going education programmes, particular attention has been given to
teenagers and young drivers with an emphasis on seat belt usage, mobile
phone use, drink/drive and speed awareness. Many of these activities have
been delivered in association with the Police and Fire & Rescue services.

Road safety education in schools, including cycle training, is a significant
ongoing activity. Around 50,000 children and young people will have been
involved in activities this year, including 40,000 school children who take part
in Key Stage 2 school quizzes.

Road accidents are the biggest single cause of death and serious injury to
teenagers. School-based work is increasingly being directed towards
secondary school students in response to the numbers of teenagers and
young drivers involved in accidents.

Targeted education, training and publicity - THINK BIKE!

Police Sgt Simon Blincow, Asst Chief Fire Officer John Buckley, Neil
Woodcock (NCC) and Mary McEvoy (NFRS) with riders at the launch.

 Between 2006 and 2008, 44 motorcyclists were killed throughout the
 City and County. A recurring factor in accidents is the failure of
 another road-user to detect the presence of a motorcyclist, so
 increasing their visibility is important.

 As part of its “Think Bike” initiative, the County Council, Police, Fire &
 Rescue and City Council made high visibility backpacks available to
 riders in a campaign launched at Nottingham’s Central Fire Station in
 late 2009.

 This is a good example of organisations concerned with road safety
 working together in a co-ordinated response to a common problem.

We have a strong working relationship with the Roads Policing Unit of
Nottinghamshire Police. Jointly, we adopt a data-led approach and this
underpins our safety camera partnership work besides targeted enforcement
activities. This includes the Fatal 4 project covering speed awareness,
seatbelts, mobile-phone use and drink/driving.

The Fatal 4 project – a DfT national demonstration initiative

The four factors above have long been recognised as recurring common
factors in many fatal accidents. Consequently, there is an ongoing need to
change the attitudes and behaviours of drivers and passengers in respect of
these topics.

 A number of themed enforcement and awareness raising initiatives
 have taken place since 2007 with support from the Police, Highways
 Agency, Fire & Rescue and the City Council. Operation Azote,
 targeting young drivers was one such campaign that addressed the
 above issues and was so successful that it was considered
 worthwhile expanding this type of approach.
 Details were shared with colleagues in neighbouring local authorities
 and Police forces within the East Midlands. This resulted in a
 decision to submit an area-wide bid to the Department for Transport
 for funding under its Regional Road Safety Partnership Grant

It was agreed amongst partners that Nottinghamshire County Council would
take the lead in drawing the bid together and then project manage the whole
Fatal 4 initiative across the region if the bid was successful. Young drivers
and riders especially males feature disproportionately in casualty statistics
and they would be a key target group for this project. A considerable amount
of preparation was needed to ensure the bid had clear objectives and targets,
that its impacts would be measurable and that the monitoring arrangements
were robust.

Valuable assistance was provided by Department for Transport specialists
and our colleagues in the Police and City Council to shape the project bid.
We were told our bid had been successful in March 2010, with an award from
DfT of £265,000 - match-funded by the organisations taking part. The project
is currently being rolled out with our partners in Lincolnshire, Derbyshire, the
cities of Nottingham and Leicester, associated Police forces, some Fire &
Rescue authorities and the Highways Agency.
5       Factors affecting performance

We continue to regularly benchmark our performance and have undertaken
comparisons via the Midlands Service Improvement Group. As a result we
can confirm that our road safety activities are comparable or better in
performance and cost than those of many other authorities. Comparative
casualty data with our East Midland neighbours appears in Appendix 2.

The Government provision of Road Safety Grant funding (RSG) has
continued to be utilised to support Police enforcement activity in respect of
speed management (Safety Cameras) and various initiatives focussing on
seat-belts and mobile phone use (Operation Relic), motorcycling casualties
(Operation Retina) and young drivers (Operation Azote). Whilst we aimed to
continue this support in 2010, we are concerned how this can be sustained
given the government’s recent decision to reduce this year’s “revenue”
element of RSG by 26%. The impacts of this reduction are currently being
worked out and the County Council has agreed to fund this year’s shortfall
from its own resources. However, this is unlikely to be maintained beyond
2010. The reliance by the Police on this funding stream remains a concern.
We have continued to make representation to the Chief Constable about the
need to direct mainstream Police funding to enable the Roads Policing Unit to
deliver casualty reduction activities.

Road Safety Grant funding for 2010/2011

                                    Total         Revenue        Capital

 Expected                           £1,938,887    £1,586,009     £352,878
 Actual                             £1,165,716    £1,165,716     0
 Shortfall in Government funding    £773,171      £420,293       £352,878
 Additional NCC funding             £700,000      £350,000       £350,000

The coalition government’s statements on safety cameras give increased
cause for concern and it is highly likely that central government funding for
this activity will be curtailed at some point in the future. If this is the case
there will be serious implications for the Council’s casualty reduction capability
and the viability of partnership working will be threatened. Discussions
regarding future funding and options for 2011/12 and beyond are currently
underway but in the context that savings need to be made by local
government to address the financial crisis the future must be regarded as
uncertain. We will continue to press the case for the use of cameras on the
basis that they are a proven, high performing casualty reduction measure and
in Nottinghamshire only used here for casualty reduction purposes.

    Across the partnership area, safety cameras in all forms are saving
    228 accidents per year, involving 385 casualties. This equates to a
    saving per year of £17,100,000m (based on latest DfT costs of
    accidents), a rate of return of around 800% on investment.
6        Overview and value for money

The County Council’s annual Budget Book includes the commentary below on
the road safety service’s value for money.

    Since 2006/07, Nottinghamshire County Council has been able to
    reduce the costs involved in traffic management and road safety while
    increasing performance in relation to 31 other County Councils.

For more details see section E3, Budget Book 2009/10.

The National Highways & Transportation Network undertakes an annual
public satisfaction survey on a range of roads and transport topics including
road safety. The results for the indicators on road safety are shown below.

    The 2009 National Highways & Transportation (NHTN) public
    satisfaction survey contains the following three indicators relating to
    road safety and the council’s satisfaction ranking amongst the twenty
    five county councils surveyed is as follows:-

                                                           CC Rank (of 25)
    KBI 20 Overall satisfaction with road safety locally         3
    KBI 21 Satisfaction with road safety environment             2
    KBI 22 Satisfaction with road safety education               8

For more details visit

Key achievements for 2009

     •   84 engineering safety schemes were introduced
     •   183 safety audits were carried out on designs for new road layouts,
         pedestrian crossings and traffic management schemes
     •   49 Safer Routes to School schemes were introduced
     •   Around 50,000 Nottinghamshire children took part in school based road
         safety activities.
     •   93% of schools have a School Travel Plan.
     •   The ‘Travel Trumps’ project was introduced to in primary schools
         encourage more sustainable school journeys such as walking, cycling,
         car sharing or using public transport.
     •   A performance review of the five pilot 20 mph limits outside schools
         with report was prepared for the Cabinet Member. Whilst there will be
         no wholesale introduction of 20 mph limits they will be considered at
         high priority sites.
     •   Of 269 child casualties reported in 2009, just 11 occurred outside a
         school at school times. There are 114,000 pupils attending 344
         schools across the county, with associated movements to and from
         school each day. Taking this into account safety outside schools is
7      Statistical data and tables

A breakdown of the 2009 accident and casualty data for the county of
Nottinghamshire appears in Appendix 1.

It should be noted that all casualty categories with the exception of
motorcyclists within the “slight” category have seen a reduction in comparison
with the baseline figures. Whilst displaying a higher 2009 total than the
baseline, this group does show a lower figure than in 2008.

The over-representation of motorcyclists in the casualty figures continues to
be a concern and underlines the need to carry on with our targeted activities
in the “Think Bike”, “Bare Bones” and “Shiny Side Up” initiatives besides our
other targeted work with the Police and other agencies.

The table below shows the benefits of our joint work on motorcycle casualties.
Nottinghamshire is currently displaying the strongest performance in the East
Midlands in addressing this problem. Table source: Lincolnshire County
Council 2010

               Where - authority

                                    Motorcycle KSI Casualties
                                     Variance between years

                                                  2004-08 avg-
                 Area              2008-2009         2009
             East Midlands             4%             -5%
              Derbyshire              33%             10%
             Leicestershire            3%             -13%
             Lincolnshire              9%             11%
           Northamptonshire           -12%            -10%
           Nottinghamshire            -13%            -20%

Further comparative data for East Midlands authorities is set out in Appendix
2. This shows that our “KSI” performance is at the higher end of the scale
compared to our neighbours, whilst our “Slight” performance is less strong,
whilst still at the average for the region.

This is a reflection of the decision taken previously to focus attention and
interventions on those locations and road users with the highest severities ie
KSI sites and road-user groups. As a consequence, locations and road-user
groups with a lower level of KSI have received lower priority, whilst still being
recognised as of significant importance.

It is however worth noting that the numbers of slight casualties reduced still
represent a fall of 21% compared with the national target of a 10% reduction.
Appendix 1 Overview of 2009 data by road-user group

                         From 1st JANUARY 2009
                         To 31st DECEMBER 2009                                 * PROVISIONAL FIGURES AS OF 04.05.2010

                                                1 Jan - 31 Dec   * 1Jan - 31    * 1Jan - 31       Comparison of            Comparison of
                                                1994-98              Dec            Dec              2009 with             2009 with 1994-98
                                                Average             2008           2009              2008                    Average
                                                                                              Change      % Change      Change % Change

Fatal Accidents                                            67             39             30           -9     -23.1%         -37      -55.2%
Serious Accidents                                         631            393            366          -27      -6.9%        -265      -42.0%
Slight Accidents                                         2199           1930           1843          -87      -4.5%        -356      -16.2%
TOTAL ACCIDENTS                                          2897           2362           2239         -123      -5.2%        -658      -22.7%
FATAL + SERIOUS Accidents                                 698            432            396          -36      -8.3%        -302      -43.3%

Fatal Casualties                                           72             44             42           -2       -4.5%        -30      -41.7%
Serious Casualties                                        754            435            404          -31       -7.1%       -350      -46.4%
Slight Casualties                                        3387           2779           2668         -111       -4.0%       -719      -21.2%
TOTAL CASUALTIES                                         4213           3258           3114         -144       -4.4%      -1099      -26.1%
KSI Casualties                                            826            479            446          -33       -6.9%       -380      -46.0%

Fatal Casualties                                             5             1              1            0       0.0%          -4      -80.0%
Serious Casualties                                         124            39             39            0       0.0%         -85      -68.5%
Slight Casualties                                          458           266            229          -37     -13.9%        -229      -50.0%
TOTAL CASUALTIES                                           587           306            269          -37     -12.1%        -318      -54.2%
KSI Casualties                                             129            40             40            0       0.0%         -89      -69.0%

KSI Casualties                                             143            76             60          -16     -21.1%         -83      -58.0%
Slight Casualties                                          296           223            197          -26     -11.7%         -99      -33.4%
TOTAL CASUALTIES                                           439           299            257          -42     -14.0%        -182      -41.5%
Child peds (0-15 yrs) KSI Casualties                        62            21             19           -2      -9.5%         -43      -69.4%
Child peds (0-15 yrs) Slight Casualties                    140            87             65          -22     -25.3%         -75      -53.6%
Elderly peds (over 60 yrs) KSI Casualties                   27            12             12            0       0.0%         -15      -55.6%
Elderly peds (over 60 yrs) Slight Casualties                35            19             34           15      78.9%          -1       -2.9%

KSI Casualties                                              86            48             38          -10     -20.8%         -48      -55.8%
Slight Casualties                                          238           161            149          -12      -7.5%         -89      -37.4%
TOTAL CASUALTIES                                           324           209            187          -22     -10.5%        -137      -42.3%

MOTOR CYCLISTS (incl. Mopeds)
KSI Casualties                                             133           120            113           -7       -5.8%        -20      -15.0%
Slight Casualties                                          174           215            195          -20       -9.3%         21       12.1%
TOTAL CASUALTIES                                           307           335            308          -27       -8.1%          1        0.3%

(incl. Taxis)
KSI Casualties                                             415           206            213            7       3.4%        -202      -48.7%
Slight Casualties                                        2380           1937           1902          -35       -1.8%       -478      -20.1%
TOTAL CASUALTIES                                         2795           2143           2115          -28       -1.3%       -680      -24.3%

        National casualty reduction targets :-

         a) A 40% reduction in the 1994-98 average for KSI by 2010.

         b) A 50% reduction in the 1994-98 average for child KSI by 2010.

         c) A 10% reduction in the rate for slight casualties calculated as the number of people slightly injured per
            100 million vehicle kilometers by 2010.
Appendix 2 Comparative data from East Midlands authorities

All road users killed & seriously injured
                                       Actual    Change
      AUTHORITY          1994-98        2009

Nottingham City                  322     148        -54%
Northamptonshire                 773     391        -49%
Nottinghamshire                  826     446        -46%
Lincolnshire                     757     456        -40%
Leicestershire                   410     263        -36%
Derbyshire                       675     449        -33%
Leicester City                   127      87        -31%
Derby City                       157     117        -25%
East Midlands Region         4047       2357        -42%

Children killed & seriously injured
                                       Actual    Change
       AUTHORITY          1994-98       2009

Nottingham City                   66       16       -76%
Nottinghamshire                  130       40       -69%
Derby City                        31       11       -65%
Lincolnshire                      76       27       -64%
Leicestershire                    43       16       -63%
Derbyshire                        83       34       -59%
Northamptonshire                  88       38       -57%
Leicester City                    27       18       -33%
East Midlands Region             544      200       -63%

All road users slight injuries
                                       Actual     Change
       AUTHORITY          1994-98       2009

Northamptonshire             2317         1555      -33%
Leicestershire               2773         1945      -30%
Derbyshire                   3575         2525      -29%
Nottingham City              1450         1088      -25%
Nottinghamshire              3387         2666      -21%
Leicester City               1389         1255      -10%
Lincolnshire                 3049         2858       -6%
Derby City                    907          970       +7%
East Midlands Region        18847        14862      -21%

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