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Download - Cheer Pheasant _Catreus wallichii_ and Demoiselle Crane

VIEWS: 47 PAGES: 13

									                         Report on


Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii) and Demoiselle Crane
   (Grus Virgo) Conservation Programme in Lower
                  Mustang of Nepal




                        November, 2005




                      Report Prepared by
                     Raju Acharya (Sharma)
                           Coordinator,
                 Biodiversity and Climate Change
                Friends of Nature, New Baneshwor
                        Kathmandu, Nepal
                                    Project Summary

Project Name
Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii) and Demoiselle Crane (Grus virgo) Conservation Awareness
programme in Lower Mustang of Nepal

Date
20th September to 25th September, 2005 (six days)

Place
Kowang, Lete and Kunjo VDC of Lower Mustang

Organizer
Friends of Nature, New Baneshwor , Kathmandu, Nepal
P.O. Box 23491,Sundhara
info@fonnepal.org
www.fonnepal.org

King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation
Annapurna Conservation Area Project
Unit Conservation Office, Jomsom
P.O.Box 183
www.kmtnc.org.np


Local institutions involvement
Conservation Area Management Committees (CAMCs), Mother Groups, Local Youth Groups,
Forest Management Sub committee and Local Schools.

Major Achievements
   •    Total number of Awareness camp 15 (School awareness programme-5,village level
        conservation camp-10)
   •    Cheer Pheasant and Demoiselle Crane conservation committee formation-11
   •    Banner display (Let’s protect Cheer and Crane for tourism development) in 5 settlements
   •    Leaflet distribution with information about the species in Nepali language
   •    Nature hiking to student of Jan Adarsha High School, Kowang (sowing Cheers habitat)

Fund Raising
To conduct awareness programme focusing on Cheer FON Nepal has generated the funds through
selling of T-shirt. Picture of Cheer Pheasant was placed on the T-shirt. Altogether 350 T-shirt were
sold in the market and most buyers were students. During the selling of T-shirt FON, Nepal has
organized presentation program in different school of Kathmandu valley.




                                                                                                  2
                                    Acknowledgements



It’s my great pleasure to express eternal gratitude to Friends of Nature (FON Nepal) for the generous
financial supports they provided to carry out the Cheer Pheasant Conservation Campaign in Lower
Mustang, Nepal. Same appreciation goes to the Annapurna Conservation Area Project, Unit
Conservation Office, Jomsom for their overall management and logistic support during the
organization of entire Conservation Campaign both for Cheer and Crane.
I am highly grateful to the Roshan Sherchan, Programme Coordinator of ACAP and Lizan Maskey,
Officers in charge of ACAP, Jomsom for the encouragement they provided.
I am also grateful to Mr. Surendra Gautam, Coordinator, Disaster and Public Health, Friends of
Nature for his tireless support during the editing period of report.

Last but not the least; I would like to thanks Santosh Sherchan, Senior Conservation Education and
Extension Assistant, Dhurba Laudari, Natural Resource Conservation Assistant, Suresh Thapa,
Senior Natural Resource Conservation Assistant of ACAP, Jomsom and all the members of Friends
of Nature for their generous support during the entire awareness programme.




                                                                                                   3
                                                           Table of contents




Project Summary....................................................................................................................................2
Acknowledgements................................................................................................................................3
Table of contents....................................................................................................................................4
Abstract ..................................................................................................................................................5
1.0 Background and justification ...........................................................................................................5
2.0 Objectives ........................................................................................................................................5
3.0 Methods............................................................................................................................................5
3.1 Community Meeting ........................................................................................................................5
  3.2 School Programme.......................................................................................................................6
  3.3 Cheer and Crane Conservation Committee Formation ................................................................6
  3.4 Leaflet Distribution......................................................................................................................6
  3.5 Nature Hiking...............................................................................................................................6
  3.6 Banner Display.............................................................................................................................6
4.0 Results..............................................................................................................................................6
  4.1 Community Awareness Programme ............................................................................................6
  4.2 School Programme.......................................................................................................................7
  4.3 Cheer and Crane Conservation Committee formation.................................................................8
  4.4 Leaflet distribution:....................................................................................................................10
  4.5 Nature Hiking.............................................................................................................................11
  4.6 Banner Display...........................................................................................................................12
5.0 Recommendations..........................................................................................................................12
Campaign Representing by the Photographs…………………………………………………………13




                                                                                                                                                          4
                                             Abstract

Study carried out by the Annapurna Conservation Area Project, World Pheasant
Association and Bird Conservation Nepal in 2004 recommended to conduct the awareness
program in Kaligandaki valley for the conservation of Cheer Pheasant. So that Friend of
Nature and Annapurna Conservation Area Project conducted awareness programme.
Altogether 15 awareness programmes were carried out in three village development
committee. Out of them, five school programmes were conducted to aware the member of
green force club and primary level students. A one day nature hiking was organized for the
students of Kowang School in the area of the Cheer’s habitat. Nature hiking programme
was able to convey information about status and distribution of Cheer Pheasant and
student’s role for the conservation of the species. In total 11Cheer and Crane conservation
and monitoring committees were formed. Each committee has decided to evade the use of
catapult, ban the forest fire, agree to conduct extension programme locally on the
importance of the Cheer etc. Five cloth banners were placed in the different settlement.
Capacity building of committee, permanent sign posting, and preparation of extension
materials were recommended.



1.0 Background and justification
Cheer Pheasant is protected bird of Nepal under the National Park and Wildlife Protection Act 1973
and is enlisted among the vulnerable species of IUCN Red Data Book. The potential habitat area for
the Cheer Pheasant is the Kaligandaki valley, within about 22.16 km2. Total population size of the
species in the valley (covers three Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Kaligandaki
watershed i.e. Kowang, Kunjo and Lete VDC) is estimated to be 85 to 111 birds in number. The bird
is in threat mostly in the area by the forest fire, snaring, grazing pressure and hunting (by catapult).
Survey carried out by Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP), World Pheasant (WPA) and
Bird Conservation Nepal (BCN) has recommended to conduct awareness programme in the area and
similar recommendation were found from the other part of Nepal where this specie was surveyed.
Demoiselle crane is migratory bird for the Mustang District. They come from the Siberia and
Mongolia and reached to mid and southern India. Crane Migrate from last September to second week
of October using this corridor. According to Rajendra Suwal about 20000 Demoiselle cranes
migrated last year through this corridor. During their stay in Mustang, they were killed and injured
by the people. Hence Awareness programmes were organized here before they migrate.

2.0 Objectives
   •   To aware local people and students for the birds conservation and its importance specially
       focusing on Cheer Pheasant and Demoiselle Crane
   •   To form Cheer and Crane Conservation and monitoring Committee
   •   To prepare local people for the habitat management of Cheer Pheasant

3.0 Methods
3.1 Community Meeting
Village meeting were organized in each settlement of Kowang, Lete and Kunjo VDC. Lecture and
dual discussion process were applied. Due to harvesting period of agricultural product meeting were
organized in morning and evening as far as possible. Various Participatory Rural Appraisal
techniques were applied to identify the perception of local people about the bird conservation.
Different decisions were made by the Local committee to conserve Cheer and Crane.

                                                                                                      5
3.2 School Programme
As describe by the previous report on Cheer, student are found involving in the hunting of birds by
using catapult so that, five Schools were selected and awareness programme were organized. Green
Force Clubs operated by the ACAP were trained on the issue of birds.

3.3 Cheer and Crane Conservation Committee Formation
To regulate and monitor the habitat of Cheer and Crane, local committees were formed. Mukhiya
(Traditional leader change in annual basis) are the chairman of the respective committee.
Democratically three to eleven member were elected by the community decision for each committee.

3.4 Leaflet Distribution
The one pages leaflet in native (Nepali) language containing introduction, important, management
issues, role of local people for the protection of Cheer and Crane were distributed among different
stockholders like local people, visitors, and schools to increase the level of awareness among them.

3.5 Nature Hiking
A one day nature hiking was organized for the Students of Kowang School (Jan Adarsha High
School). They were taken to habitat area of the Cheer Pheasant and were aware on the habitat
requirement of Cheer Pheasant. Question and answer session was organized in the field to clarify
query of the students.

3.6 Banner Display
Altogether 5 locally made cloth banners were displayed in the publicly access places of the five
settlement areas.

4.0 Results
4.1 Community Awareness Programme
In total 10, village awareness programme were carried out in the different settlements. Local people
in the area were aware on the issues related to the Cheer and Crane. It was informed there on about
the specific habitat of Cheer. The issues like why they are declining? Who are responsible for the
conservation? What are the opportunities if conserving these species? How can they contribute for
the conservation? How species conservation is important for the tourism industries? etc. were
discussed. The local people agreed during their discussion for the conservation of these species.
Detail about the village meeting is given below:


    Date           Name of the Village     Number of Participants    Remarks
    20/9/2005      Kowang                  32
    21/9/2005      Khanti                  21
    21/9/2005      Kokhetanti              11
    21/9/2005      Titi                    16
    22/9/2005      Taklung                 30
    22/9/2005      Jhipra Deurali          19
    23/9/2005      Chayo                   22
    24/10/2005     Lete                    57
    24/10/2005     Dhampu                  20
    25/10/2005     Ghansa                  51




                                                                                                  6
    Attention of the Local people in the conservation Camp: Jhipra Deurali village of Kunjo VDC

4.2 School Programme
All together five schools, located in the Cheer habitat areas were selected. During the camp, primary
and secondary level schools students were aware on the issues of Cheer and Crane. Students agreed
to prohibit the use of catapult (in their village). The impacts of forest fire to the population of Cheer
were briefed and they positively responded for not taking any action which destroyed the Cheers
habitat. Green force club of school were also aware on the impact of heavy grazing and avoiding use
of catapult for the management of Cheers habitat. Detail is given below;


     Name of the Village             Number of         Major decision made by students
     School                          Participants
     Jan Adarsh High Kowang          38                Monitoring of Cheers habitat during forest
     School                                            fire season, Prohibit the use of catapult
     Gyan       Jyoti Titi           17                Agree to avoid the use of catapult
     Primary School
     Taklung          Taklung        20                Agree to avoid the use of catapult,
     Secondary High                                    collection and deposition of catapult with
     School                                            the help of Head sir or traditional leader
                                                       (Mukhiya)
     Gyanodaya High Lete             38                Agree to avoid the use of catapult
     School
     Janta Secondary Ghansa          28                Agree to avoid the use of catapult
     school




                                                                                                       7
                Students participating in the awareness programme: Kowang VDC

4.3 Cheer and Crane Conservation Committee formation
Within the leadership of traditional leader, Mukhiya, 11 Cheer and Crane conservation and
monitoring committee were formed. The local committee nominated three to eleven members by
their own decision for one year. The chairman of committee will be changed annually and the
committee will be reformed from next time on the basis of their performance. The table below
contains the details of the committees:


Name of the Name of the committee members        Major decision made by the committee
village
Kowang      Coordinator-Chetralal Bhattachan     To conduct informal extension programme for
            Member- Shanta Thakali               other villagers, monitoring of Crane during
            Member-Govinda Sherchan              migration period
            Coordinator-Dipesh Sherchan
            Member- Jyandra Thakali
            Member-Amar Biswokarma
            Coordinator-Bhim Prasad Thakali
            Member- Basanta Gauchan
            Member-Somat Tulachan
Khanti      Coordinator-Somat Bhattachan         Unified for Cheer conservation, prohibit the
            Member- Som Bahadur Thapa            use of catapult
            Member-Kubin Nepali
            Member-Prem Prasad Paudyal
            Member- Raj Kumar Thakali
            Member-Ganesh Thapa
            Member-Om Bikash Gauchan
Kokhetanti  Coordinator-Dhan Bahadur Sherchan    To conduct informal extension programme for
            Member- Prawin Sherchan              other villagers ,unified for Cheer conservation
            Member-Robin Sherchan

Taglung      Conservation   Area    Management Prohibit the forest fire, prohibit the use of

                                                                                                   8
               committee would be the responsible      catapult, forest patrolling
Jhipra Deurali Coordinator-Tul Bahadur B.K.            Prohibit the use of Catapult and sanction of
               Member- Bhim Lal B.K.                   Rs.100/catapult in case use by any person
               Member-Ran Prasad Chantel
Chayo          Coordinator-Phram Bahadur Sherchan      Prohibit the forest fire, prohibit the use of
               Member- Shankar Tulachan                catapult and sanction of Rs.100/ catapult in
               Member-Sun Bahadur B.K.                 case use by any person
Lete           Coordinator-     Chandra      Bahadur   To conduct informal extension programme for
               Sherchan                                other villagers, prohibit the use of catapult and
               Member- Santi Tulachan                  sanction of Rs.100/ catapult in case use by any
               Member-Krishana Kumari Tulachan         person
               Member-Parwat Sherchan
               Member- Nanda Prasad Tulachan
               Member-Bel Bahadur Tulachan
               Member-Purna Prasad Gauchan
Dhampu         Coordinator-Siddhilal Sherchan          To conduct informal extension programme for
               Member- Man Prasad Sherchan             other villagers, prohibit the forest fire, forest
               Member-Sete Nepali                      patrolling for snare checking, prohibit the use
                                                       and selling of catapult in the village
Ghansa         Coordinator- Rajan Gauchan              prohibit the use and selling of catapult in the
               Member- Bishal Sherchan                 village ,to conduct informal extension
               Member-Nabin Bhattachan                 programme for other villagers
               Member-Suwarna Paija
               Member- Bikram Gaucahn
               Member-Biju Pun
               Member-Krishan Sherchan
               Member-Bhim Prasad Khadka
               Member-Nabin Nepali
               Member- Puni Gaucahn




                     Cheer and Carne Conservation Committee: Chayao village




                                                                                                           9
4.4 Leaflet distribution:
One page leaflets of each species was made in a Nepali language. ACAP prepared the leaflet of the
Crane and Friends of Nature prepared for the Cheer. The whole leaflets were distributed in the
meetings, schools, and visitors. Introductions, status, their behaviors, importance, their relation with
tourist, local efforts for the conservation were covered in the leaflet. Conversion text of the leaflet is
stated below:



                Let’s hold our Hands for the Cheer Conservation
Nepal is home for six types of Himalayan Pheasant and all are found in the Kaligandaki valley. Out
of them Cheer Pheasant found in the three village development committee (VDC) i.e. Kowang, Lete
and Kowang VDC. This bird is endemic to Indian Sub-continental (India, Nepal and Pakistan). Their
wild population has been estimated about 6000 individuals. In Kaligandaki Valley its population has
been estimated about 85 to 111. Study was jointly carried out by ACAP, BCN and WPA in 2004 in
Kaligandaki valley. It is a protected bird of Nepal under the National Park and Wildlife Protection
Act 1973 and is listed among the vulnerable species of IUCN Red Data Book. Government has made
sanction of Rs.500-10000 or 3 month-2 years imprison or both, if found any involvement in killing
or injuring of a single Cheer Pheasant.
Cheer prefers the steep land or grass land with scattered tree. In the dawn and dusk period they
produce their call. They breed in Chaitra-Baishak and care their chicks in Jeshta-Asad. They are
residential birds and some time found to be altitudinal migratory in case of severe cold. They
frequently fly from uphill to down hill area. Morphologically, it has long broadly barred tail,
pronounced crest and red facial skin. Male is clearly and strongly marked than female with
pronounced barring on mantle, unmarked neck and broader barring across the tail
They are in threat in the Mustang due to forest fire, using of catapult, snaring around the habitat,
hunting etc. In result, the local people have observed decreasing Cheer than before.
Tourists who visit Nepal for Bird watching (nature tourist) are estimated to be 5 percent. Mustang
only provide destination for the 15000-20000 tourist (up and down) annually. Out of them many
tourist come to Ghansa for Cheer watching. Tourist knows only the Ghansa area for Cheer watching
however there are about 9 other places where Cheer can be observed easily, in Mustang. These
habitats were identified by the study (2004) team lead by Mr. Raju Acharya (Sharma)
If you want to balance the ecosystem and increase the number of tourist; let’s hold our hand for the
Cheer Pheasant Conservation. Let’s controlled the hunting, let’s prohibit the use of catapult, let’s
regulate the grazing practice and avoid livestock entrance during the hatching period of Cheer.
Please inform the visitors about the Cheer who stay in your area/inn, so that they will come again
and publish others for watching Cheer in your village.
Thank You.

                   Let’s help for Demoiselle Crane Conservation
Demoiselle Crane is the migratory birds. Locally it is know as “Malchari”. During the winter season
they migrate to lowland and return back to highland in summer season. During the September and
October, they pass through the Mustang valley. They depart from the Magnolia and Siberia, and
finally reached to Southern and middle part of India. It takes about 7-8 days to reach Mustang from
the Magnolia and Siberia.
Mustang is well known area in Nepal for the crane migration. According to the Rajendra Narshing
Suwal about 20000 cranes migrated in 2004 by using this corridor. Due to this reason many trekker,
bird watcher, institution, photographic group, visit mustang during 1st week of September to second
week of October.

                                                                                                       10
During their migration flight they fly with V shape. When the weather is bad they lodge to the river
bank and agriculture land near to the Kaligandaki river. In case of heavy fog they rest more days
because they can not detect their path in a right way. Most of the agriculture crops are ripens at the
migration period. So they destroy the agriculture products due to their stay in agricultural land.
People use long stick, catapult, and stone to chase them and kill them as well.
Due to its migratory nature, local people may think that this is not our birds. In addition, it destroy
agricultural product during their stay in this valley. But actually they benefit us more than they
destroy. They feed on insects which harms the field. Tourist, researcher, photographers visit this area
during the migration period. Directly tourist or visitors invest for their stay. Beside its benefit, it is
also illegal to kill this bird. So we can chase them from our field by producing loud sound, by
banging tin box instead of hitting by stone and long stick at night.
This area is under the jurisdiction of Annapurna Conservation Area. The major role of ACAP and
Conservation Area Management Committee is to protect birds, whether residential or migratory.
Without local support, any institutions efforts become useless. So let’s protect the Crane during their
stay in our area.
Thank you.

4.5 Nature Hiking
There are few people who saw the Cheer and most of the people who are professionally associated
with pasture/livestock have heard only the call. We found most of the students have little knowledge
about the Cheer and its habitat. A one day programme was organized for 38 students from the Jan
Adarsha High school, Kowang, in the field (Tangje), where Cheer has been confirmed last year by
the study team.Information related to the Cheers habitat i.e. requirement of Cheers habitat, local
threats to Cheer etc were discussed thoroughly. During the trip students were found to be very active
and asked very relevant question i.e. How can we conserve the Cheer Pheasant? Is its conservation
beneficial to human being? Student were agree to avoid the use of catapult and monitoring of Cheers
habitat, at least once in a year.




                  Students on the Nature Hiking around the Cheer habitat: Tangje




                                                                                                       11
4.6 Banner Display
Five cloth banners were prepared in the field and placed in the publicly access area. Banner were
placed with the slogan “Conserving Cheer Pheasant and Demoiselle Crane to increase the number of
tourist” Banner were placed in the Kowang, Lete, Kokhethanti, Kunjo and Ghansa area.




                         Banner displayed in publicly access area: Lete VDC

5.0 Recommendations
Awareness camps were carried out to different stakeholders, though extension materials were
insufficient. To increase the awareness of stakeholders different posters and brochures of Cheer
Pheasant and Crane are recommended to be produced and distributed for the conservation of species.
Permanent sign posting instead of cloth banner are also recommended. Code of conduct should be
placed on the sign posting. Training and capacity building of recently formed committee on the
information and conservation of bird is required. i.e. Bird conservation training, habitat patrolling
training, distribution of stationery materials, organize nature trekking guide training to local youth
etc. Committee should be reformed on the basis of their performance i.e. by comparing the area of
forest fire (about 80 hector forest and grassland were fired last year), monitoring of use of catapult by
local, management of grazing system etc. Endowment fund is required to be raise for Cheer and
Crane conservation committee to monitor the Cheer habitat and hiring of guard. Sheep and cow
herder were found to be involved in the forest fire so that specific awareness programme for them is
essential.




                                                                                                      12
                    Campaign Representing by the Photographs




Villagers during camp in Khanti village           Student avoiding the use of Catapult




Presentation by FON member in Kathmandu           Students during the Nature hiking      in Tangje
for selling of T-Shirt                            area of Kunjo VDC




Primary level students, during the camp in Titi   Briefing on the importance of Cheer in Chayo
Village                                           of Kunjo VDC




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