The William Snare Memorial Scholarship Program

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					   The Official Publication of the California State Division – International Association for Identification
        Chartered in 1916 by the International Association for Identification as an Association for
                             Scientific Investigation & Forensic Identification

                                                                                                                                                                   Volume 7, Issue 6
                                                                                                                                                             November/December 2007

                                                                                                                                                                   In This Issue:
                                                                                                                                                            President’s Message                           2
                                                                                                                                                            Article, “If Not
                                                                                                                                                            Fingerprints, What’s                          4
                                                                                                                                                            From the Archives                             8
                                                                                                                                                            William Snare Memorial
                                                                                                                                                            Scholarship Program                           9

                                                                                                                                                            George Pletts Meritorious
                                                                                                                                                            Award                                       10

                                                                                                                                                            Call For Nominations                        11
                                                                                                                                                            Article, “FBI Laboratory
                                                                                                                                                            Specialized Training                        12

                                                                                                                                                            Membership Activity                         14
                                                                                                                                                            Article, “Many To Blame
                                                                                                                                                            For Maryland’s Judge’s                      15
         The William Snare Memorial                                                                                                                         Training Opportunities                      17

            Scholarship Program                                                                                                                             Employment Opportunities                    18

                                                                                                                                                            2007-2008 Committee
                                             (see page 9 for details)                                                                                       Assignments                                 19

                                                      THE CALIFORNIA IDENTIFICATION DIGEST, 455 Seventh Street, Room 607, Oakland, CA 94607
                                                                                         EDITOR: Debra Galaviz-Flores
                                                                                      ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Darrell Klasey
                                                                                     ADVERTISING MANAGER: Sherrie Hill
                                                                    PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION: The Office Depot, Antioch, California
The California Identification Digest (Digest) is the official bi-monthly publication of the California State Division (CSD) International Association for Identification (IAI). Statements, opinions, or views
expressed in articles contained in the Digest do not necessarily represent those of CSD nor the agency employing the article’s author(s). CSD neither guarantees, warrants, nor endorses the state-
ments, opinions, views, or techniques presented unless otherwise noted, but offers the information to the readership. Articles published may contain processes utilizing chemicals or combinations of
chemicals which may be hazardous or potentially hazardous to the user’s health. It is strongly recommended that appropriate precautions be exercised when using hazardous or potentially hazardous
chemicals or combinations of chemicals where the hazards are not fully known. CSD assumes no responsibility for the use of chemicals or combinations of chemicals contained in any article. Deadline
for material submitted for publication is usually the 20th day of the month preceding the month of publication, unless exceptionally lengthy material is submitted. All material submitted for publication
is subject to editing. Permission is granted to reprint material published in the Digest provided the appropriate authorship, article title, publication, volume, and issue information is included.
                      Marilyn Dunne
             CSDIAI President, 2007-2008

         Isn’t it amazing how quickly time passes as you get older? Here it is, the Holiday Season already and
         time to plan for the CSDIAI Conference in May. If your agency needs advance paperwork to approve
         attendance and funding for the conference, please submit the registration form included in this edition
         of The Digest. A preliminary speakers list should be in the January Digest. Speakers Chair Diana
         Castro, is actively seeking speakers for yet another quality conference. If you would like to make a
         presentation at the conference, please contact Diana at: or you can send me
         the information and I will pass it along to her.

         It is also time to start planning your Members Exhibits. At this year’s conference I would like to use
         the Parent Body IAI’s idea of having a separate exhibit for students and members. Awards will be
         given in each category. This will allow student research to be judged and the member’s experienced
         exhibits receive independent judging. This worked very well at the IAI Conference in San Diego.

         Lastly, it is time to start submitting Nominations for the 2007 – 2008 Executive Board. This year the
         Sergeant at Arms position is from the North and as always, there will be 2 Director positions in each
         the North and South. Current Secretary/Treasurer Felita Chapman has decided not to seek re-election
         this coming year; therefore we are seeking nominations for this very important position. The job of
         Secretary/Treasurer is extremely time-consuming, stressful and requires 100% commitment to the
         Association. The CSDIAI has been fortunate to have had dedicated members assume this position and
         I am sure the newly elected individual will carry on the tradition. The Nomination Committee
         members are Chairperson Cathy Kibbey, Carla Murray, Shelley Hudson and Rodrigo Viesca, please
         contact them for further information. Nominations must be received by Chairperson Kibbey no later
         than February 14, 2008.

         Till next year (2008) have a safe and happy Holiday Season,

         Marilyn Dunne
         President, CSDIAI

Page 2     The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6
Volume 7, Issue 6 November/December 2007 The California Identification Digest   Page 3
Though a Baltimore County judge’s               Trainor Jr., an Annapolis lawyer who             In her opinion, Souder concluded that the
decision to exclude fingerprint evidence        frequently represents murder defendants.         method is likely “the type of procedure Frye
is not binding on future cases, lawyers         “I think we will see it raised in almost every   was intended to banish, that is, a
on both the prosecution and defense             case in which the state seeks to rely on an      subjective,      untested, unverifiable
sides predict it will profoundly affect         opinion of a latent print examiner,” said        identification procedure that purports to be
criminal law in Maryland.                       Trainor, of Trainor, Billman, Bennett, Milko     infallible.” Souder referred to the case of
                                                & McCabe LLP.                                    Brandon Mayfield, the Oregon lawyer
Last week, Circuit Judge Susan Souder                                                            mistakenly identified by multiple FBI
kept the state’s fingerprint evidence out                                                        fingerprint examiners as one of the 2004
of a capital murder case, concluding that                                                        Madrid train bombers. Following that case,
a common method of fingerprint analysis          “the type of procedure                          the U.S. Department of Justice Office of the
fails the standard for inadmissibility of
scientific evidence.
                                                  Frye was intended to                           Inspector General issued a report analyzing
                                                                                                 the false identification and reviewing
                                                    banish, that is, a                           problems with fingerprint analysis, a report
Baltimore County State’s Attorney Scott
D. Shellenberger warned that Souder’s
                                                  subjective, untested,                          Souder cited heavily.

decision – which he believes to be the                 unverifiable                              Kent said the Mayfield case paved the way
first of its kind in Maryland – could raise                                                      for more defense attorneys to challenge
questions about all kinds of physical
                                                identification procedure                         defects in fingerprint comparison
evidence. “It has huge impact on this              that purports to be                           methodology. “It took a rather unique
case individually, but more importantly,                                                         sequence of events for that to finally be
where does it end?” Shellenberger said.                 infallible.”                             unmasked and they were unmasked,” he
“Fingerprints have been considered the                                                           said. “Your child would fail his elementary
gold standard of forensic evidence for          Rose is accused of killing Warren T.             school science fair if he brought in
100 years. If not fingerprints, what’s          Fleming in the parking lot of Security           fingerprints,” he added
next?”                                          Square Mall. The case was set to go to

        If Not Fingerprints, What’s Next?
                                                By Caryn Tamber, Daily Record Legal Affairs Writer
                                                   From – October 23, 2007

He said the state cannot appeal the             trial Tuesday, but the state asked for and       Trainor said Souder’s opinion follows years
ruling prior to trial, so his office is         received a postponement to consider its          of increased scrutiny of fingerprint experts.
weighing whether                                                    options, Shellenberger       “I think in the past, many criminal defense
to ask Souder to                                                    said.    “To rule that       attorneys just have tried to get the
reconsider and, if    Fingerprints have been                        fingerprint evidence,        fingerprint examiner on and off the stand
she      r e f u s e s,                                             which      ha s   been       as quickly as possible but recently, in the
whether there is        considered the gold                         admissible in courts for     last few years, there has been much more
enough evidence         standard of forensic                        probably 100 years, is       in-depth cross examination about the
to     proceed                                                      no longer reliable was       reliability and scientific basis for the
without           the evidence for 100 years                        certainly something we       opinions of latent fingerprint examiners,”
fingerprints.                                                       did not                                                     Trainor said.

Meanwhile, attorneys for defendant              anticipate,”   Shellenberger   “Your child would fail his                       Towson solo
Bryan Keith Rose encouraged other
attorneys to challenge fingerprint
                                                                                   elementary school                            practitioner
                                                                                                                                Richard M.
evidence wherever appropriate. “It is           Souder ruled that the          science fair if he brought                       Karceski, a
our hope though that not just public            method by which the                                                             longtime
defenders but the entire defense bar will       state’s experts determined
                                                                                     in fingerprints”                           criminal
utilize this way to more effectively litigate   that fingerprints found on                                                      d e fe n se
forensic evidence,” said Patrick Kent,          Fleming’s car and on a car seen at the           lawyer, said it used to be that if the state
chief of the forensics division in the          scene of the murder belonged to Rose does        had fingerprints, “the next thing you would
Office of the Public Defender.                  not meet the admissibility standards laid        do was talk about a plea bargain.”
                                                out by the Supreme Court in Frye v. United
That’s a call defense attorneys will            States and the Court of Appeals in Reed v.
certainly answer, predicted Harry J.            State.                                                 See PLEA BARGAIN, PAGE 6

     Page 4         The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6
Volume 7, Issue 6 November/December 2007 The California Identification Digest   Page 5
FROM PAGE 4                                                           GO GREEN!
“I think that the evidentiary value of fingerprints has been
greatly neutralized as time looks forward,” Karceski said.           Sign up to receive the Digest by
Souder was likely the first Maryland judge to rule fingerprint       e-mail. Not only will you be
evidence inadmissible, said Greenbelt lawyer Leonard R.
Stamm, of Goldstein & Stamm PA. “Well, my guess is, she              saving the environment, but
won’t be the last, but whether this takes hold or not I guess
time will tell,” said Stamm, a past president of the Maryland        you’ll get the news faster and in
Criminal Defense Attorneys’ Association.
                                                                     full color.
Then again, a few years back, another judge in Maryland
limited a long-respected category of prosecutorial evidence, but
nothing much has come of that. In 2002, U.S. Magistrate
Judge Paul W. Grimm ruled that a police officer could not say a
                                                                      Make the decision and sign up
DUI defendant “failed” a field sobriety test; sobriety tests could
only be used circumstantially and not to directly prove blood-
alcohol content.

Stamm, who handles mainly DUI cases, said Grimm’s ruling has
hardly been a blow to the use of the tests. “The other                   Contact the Secretary-
magistrates, they certainly respect Judge Grimm’s opinion and
they follow it, but if somebody does pretty poorly on the field
                                                                      Treasurer, Felita Chapman at
sobriety exercises, they’re going to use that to find him guilty,”
Stamm said.

         CSD Historian Darrell Klasey is on the job, even on vacation. Here, he studies the Bertillon exhibit at
         the New York City Police Museum in lower Manhattan

     Page 6        The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6
Volume 7, Issue 6 November/December 2007 The California Identification Digest   Page 7
                                       By Darrell Klasey, Historian

                               John Dillinger’s Fingerprints
                                           Anyone        with  an      substance used in this case would have caused permanent
                                           interest in fingerprint     changes in the finger impressions is, of course, problematical
                                           history and the                                                    and it is doubtful
                                           gangster era of                                                    whether this question
                                           A m e r i c a n      However, undoubtedly,                         could ever be answered
                                           history is no
                                           doubt aware of
                                                               Dillinger resorted to some                     accurately.

                                           the attempt by         means in an effort to                           “It is the opinion of Mr.
                                           John Dillinger                                                         Hines       and      the
                                           to change his        change his fingerprints.                          undersigned         that
                                           fingerprints.                                                          Dillinger probably used
                                                                       acid to alter his fingers although in one case it would appear that
                                           Thanks to IAI member        the ridges are somewhat rearranged, i.e., their original relative
                                           Danny Greathouse, the       position has been affected to some extent. It is felt that this
                                           CSD Archives now has        rearranging probably was caused by the ‘puckering’ of the
                                           a copy of an FBI            ridges, rather than by any actual surgical treatment. This
                                           m e m o r a n d u m         ‘puckering’ mentioned is most noticeable in the ring fingers.
                                           regarding this incident.
                                           Authored by L. C.
                                           Schilder, the July 24,
                                           1934, memorandum to
                                           Clyde Tolson (J. Edgar
                                           Hoover’s     right-hand
                                           man) was written two
                                           days after Dillinger
                                           was killed in Chicago.
             John Dillinger                It reads as follows:

                                          “I thought you would
be interested in receiving the viewpoint of this Unit with
reference to certain changes appearing in the finger impressions
of John Dillinger as evidenced on the set of prints transmitted to
the Division by the Chicago office.

“In the first instance, it is desired to state that the changes made
on these impressions were not of such a character that
identification could have been defeated since each and every
impression reveals sufficient characteristics to establish an
identification through the conduct of necessary ‘reference’
searches. However, undoubtedly, Dillinger resorted to some
means in an effort to change his fingerprints. There is some                             John Dillinger Wanted Poster
indication of the application of acid or of a very strong caustic
substance which had a tendency to cause the ridges to be
obliterated and in some instances to ‘pucker up.’ Whether the
                                                                                          See DILLINGER, PAGE 9

     Page 8        The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6
DILLINGER                                                                                  William A.
“In connection with the foregoing it is observed that
the efforts to alter the ridges in this case were
    This fact would seem to
     indicate that whoever
  attempted to obliterate the                                                              Program
 characteristics on Dillinger’s
  fingers probably had some
 knowledge of the study and                                Purpose: To promote the advancement, and encourage the
                                                           growth, of scientific forensic identification within the California
 classification of fingerprints.                           State Division – International Association for Identification
                                                           (CSDIAI) as a profession, by offering financial assistance in the
                                                           form of Educational Scholarships and Financial Assistance
centered about the deltas and cores, the focal points
                                                           Grants, as follows:
necessary in the classification of fingerprints. This
fact would seem to indicate that whoever attempted
                                                           Scholarship Amount: Annual scholarships of up to $500.00 each
to obliterate the characteristics on Dillinger’s fingers
                                                           are available for applicants who are attending colleges and
probably had some knowledge of the study and
                                                           universities within the states of California and Nevada.
classification of fingerprints.
                                                           Financial Assistance Grants: Grants for registration and/or
“News comments have indicated that Dillinger               lodging for the CSDIAI Annual Training Seminar.
apparently had undergone plastic surgical operations
to his face. Under the assumption that inquiries are       Eligibility Requirements: Can be found at the Scholarship section
being conducted with reference to such an                  of our website:
operation, the suggestion is made that it may be
well for the Agents conducting such inquiries to           Application and Selection Procedures: Applications are reviewed
keep in mind the attempted mutilation of the finger        annually at the Annual Training Seminar.         The assembled
impressions at the same time.”                             Scholarship Committee members will conduct this review.
                                                           Scholarships are made for the school year beginning with the
Thanks, Danny for the donation.                            following Fall term. Grants are made for the following year’s
                                                           Training Seminar.
  Crime Scene Certification Board
                                                           Applications, which can be found on our website (www.csdiai.
            Opening                                        net), must be received by the Secretary-Treasurer no later than
                                                           February 1, 2008. Her address is: Felita D. Chapman, CSDIAI
  The IAI's Crime Scene Certification Board is             Secretary-Treasurer, PO Box 125, Fairfield, CA 94533.
  seeking a candidate to serve on the board.
  The opening is immediate. Applicants must                The Secretary-Treasurer will acknowledge receipt and send a
  be certified by the Crime Scene Certification            complete copy of each application to the Committee Chairperson.
Board, preferably at the Senior Certified Crime            Scholarships/Grants will be announced at the 2007 Annual
Scene Analyst (CSCSA) level, according to the              Training Seminar in San Diego. Scholarships/Grants will not be
                                                           awarded if the Committee feels there are no suitable candidates,
 IAI’s Joe Polski, who announced the opening
                                                           or if some other circumstances develop. Scholarships/Grants
                 on October 30.                            are not automatically carried over to the next year.

 If interested, please contact the secre-
  tary of the Crime Scene Certification
          Board, Curtis Shane, at                                    John Shull – Chairperson, or by phone
            at (912) 267-2355.
                                                                      Scholarship Committee
  Please contact Curtis if you have any                      
       questions about this position.

    Volume 7, Issue 6 November/December 2007 The California Identification Digest                                Page 9
                             The Resolutions Committee is currently accepting nominees
                                  for the George Pletts Meritorious Service Award.

                           Here is a list of the past Meritorious Service Awards winners:

1998 - George Pletts (posthumously)                                                      2003 - Doug Coleman
1999 - Ken Moses                                                                         2004 - no recipient
2000 - Norm Bettencourt                                                                  2005 - Tom Jones
2001 - Loy Cluney                                                                        2006 - Donna Jewett
2002 - Marilyn Dunne                                                                     2007 - Diana Castro

(1) The nominee has demonstrated an exceptional professional standard in their employment. Their supervisor must
    verify this standard of achievement.

(2) The nominee has provided services to their community by volunteering with civic organizations: such as the Boy
    Scouts, Girl Scouts, youth or senior adult programs, religious or similar organizations.

(3) The nominee has provided an example of commitment and professionalism within the CSDIAI through past and pre-
    sent service.

(4) May include, but not limited to, active service with local and state professional organizations.

(5) The nominee must be a member in good standing with the California State Division of the International Association
    for Identification.


Any member in good standing may nominate Active or Life Members in good standing, for the award to the Resolutions

Nominations are to be submitted to the Resolutions Committee Chairperson on a formal worksheet with a resume of

                               All nominations must be received prior to January 31, 2008
                        To make a nomination, receive a nomination form, or to ask any questions, please contact:

                                   Jane Xepoleas, Resolutions Chairperson
                                               (530) 889-6921

    Page 10 The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6
             Call for Nominations
                        2008-2009 Officers
        The Nominating Committee cordially invites everyone to consider serving as an
          officer of the California State Division of the International Association for

              Nominations are currently being accepted for the following offices:

                                  1st Vice President
                                  2nd Vice President
                                  3rd Vice President
                              Sergeant at Arms (North)
                          Director of the North (2 positions)
                          Director of the South (2 positions)

           (Please note the Southern Boundaries of Monterey, King, Tulare and Inyo
         Counties separate North and South for purposes of representation in the above

         RSVP by submitting a letter of intent stating the office you are seeking, along
        with a brief resume of your qualifications and a photograph of yourself and send
                          them on or before February 14, 2008 to:

        Cathy Kibbey, Chairperson – Nominations Committee
                          (661) 326-3565

Volume 7, Issue 6 November/December 2007 The California Identification Digest              Page 11
                        FBI Laboratory Specialized Training Program
  By Markeisha Wickes, Management and Program Analyst, and Laura Turner, Management and Program Analyst, Quality Assurance
                                    and Training Unit, FBI Laboratory, Quantico, Virginia

(Reprinted from the FBI’s Forensic Science                                       sent via regular mail to the attention of the
Communications, Vol. 9, No. 4, October 2007)           Courses are open          Specialized Training Program at the FBI
(http: // www. fbi . go v/ hq /l ab /fsc/c ur rent/       to U.S. law            Laboratory at the address below.
htm)                                                     enforcement             There is no charge for FBI Laboratory training.
                                                           agencies,             The FBI pays for all travel expenses (lodging,
The FBI Laboratory will provide the following                                    meals, and transportation to and from the
courses (1) during fiscal year 2008 (October 1,       government crime           training location) for domestic students and
2007–September 30, 2008). Course dates and
locations are subject to change and/or
                                                      laboratories, other        lodging and meals (airfare not included) for
                                                                                 international students.
cancellation.                                          federal agencies,
Courses are open to U.S. law enforcement
                                                         and military            Students will be notified approximately 30 days
                                                                                 prior to the start of a course if they have been
agencies, government crime laboratories, other            personnel.             selected to attend the training.
federal agencies, and military personnel.
International students must be employed by similar government
agencies. Interested individuals are directed to complete the    (1) Courses are listed at this address:
application form (2) and fax it to the number provided on the    lab/fsc/current/communications/2008_schedule.pdf
form. Course descriptions may be obtained by accessing the FBI
Virtual Academy or by sending an e-mail request to markeisha.    (2) The application form can be found at this address: http:// or All applications   w w w . f b i . g o v / h q / l a b / f s c / c u r r e n t /
must be faxed to Ms. Wickes or Ms. Turner at 703-632-8285 or     communications/2008_Training_form.pdf

               Letter from the
        2008 CSDIAI Conference/Finance
  October 2007

  CSD IAI members,
  The 2008 CSD IAI Annual Training Seminar will be held May 5 through 8, 2008 at the Ontario Airport
  DoubleTree Hotel. I would like to draw your attention to the registration form that is included in this
  issue of the Digest.
  The Seminar Committee has planned two (2) social functions during the seminar. The Executive Board
  meeting will be held on Sunday, May 4, 2008. Opening ceremonies for the Seminar will be on Monday,
  May 5.
  If you hear any great speakers or know of someone that we should invite as a presenter, please contact
  me and I will pass the information on to our speaker chair, Diana Castro.
  If you have questions, please feel free to contact me.

                                                   Donna Jewett
                                             Registration/Finance Chair
                                                  (408) 264-6780

     Page 12 The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6
                                     CSDIAI 2008 REGISTRATION FORM
                                             REGISTER NOW!
                                                               Federal Tax Identification Number 956078706

                                                                             May 4 – 8, 2008.
                                                                        Ontario Airport DoubleTree

Full Registration: Attendee is entitled to attend speaker lectures: workshops (on a sign-up basis): exhibit area: program of events: goodie bag: and ALL social events
(members in good standing of other IAI Divisions or IAI are considered members for registration purposes)

Retired member Registration: Same value as full registration. Must be retired and not working as a consultant.

Spouse/Guest: Entitled to spouse/guest goodie bag: exhibits: ALL spouse/guest events: and ALL social events.

Full-time student: Same value as full registration. Must provide proof of class schedule with 12 or more units and not be employed more than 20 hours per week.

Daily Registration: Photocopied daily program: attend speakers lectures: workshops (on a sign-up basis): and exhibit area.

Training certificates will be given to all full registrants, retired member registrants; full-time student registrants; and daily registrants.

Cancellation: Cancellations received in written form via mail or fax (408 264-6780) prior to April 11, 2008 will receive a full refund excluding a $30.00 processing
fee. Cancellations after April 11, 2008 will be handled on a per case basis.

Type of                                        Check                   Early Bird                          After
Registration                                   Box                     Registration                        March 28, 2008

Full reg – member                                                      $225.00                             $275.00
Full reg – non-member                                                  $275.00                             $325.00
Retired members                                                        $175.00                             $225.00
Full-time student, member                                              $165.00                             $215.00
Full-time student, non-member                                          $205.00                             $255.00
Spouse / Guest                                                         $175.00                             $225.00
Daily reg – member                                                     $75.00                              $105.00
Daily reg – non-member                                                 $90.00                              $120.00

                                                                      PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY
Name for training certificate
Name for seminar badge
Mailing address
City, State, Zip code
Home phone                                         Work Phone
Spouse/Guest name
State Division member and member number                      IAI member number
If you need specific accommodations, please call to discuss.
Emergency contact (not at seminar)
                                           Name                          Telephone number

                                  SINGLE DAY REGISTION: CIRCLE DATE(S) TO ATTEND
                                   MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY            THURSDAY
Make checks payable to “CSD IAI 2008 Seminar” and mail to:
                     Juel Bertillon Card
                                                                            CSD IAI Registration
                                                                               Donna Jewett
                                                                           2846 Cambridge Drive
                                                                          San Jose, CA. 95125-4219

Hotel Reservations must be made by the individual seminar attendee. Rate is $109.00 per night at the Ontario Airport DoubleTree (909) 937-0900. Refer to
CSD IAI when making your reservations. Cut-off for reservations at the seminar rate is April 8, 2008.

Questions may be referred to Donna Jewett, Registration/Finance Chair at (408) 264-6780.

     Volume 7, Issue 6 November/December 2007 The California Identification Digest                                                                   Page 13
   Membership Activity
Active                                                                 Student
                                         Kristen Tolan
                                         City of Boston

Membership:                                                            Membership:
                                        Senior Criminalist
                                   Recommended by Gema Reyes

                                                                                Jocelyn Beveridge
         Philip Hess
                                        Michelle Fisher                          CSU, Stanislaus
    County of Sacramento
                                    County of San Francisco                          Student
        Criminalist II
Recommended by Darrell Klasey
                                Recommended by Mark Hawthorne          Any comments regarding these
                                                                       applicants for membership should be
                                                                       directed immediately to George
        Rhonda Anjaria                                                 Jewett, Membership Chairperson.

    City of San Bernardino                                             (408) 264-6780 or at
      Forensic Specialist                                    

 Recommended by Robert Goss

                                                                           Crime Scene
      Wesley Beveridge
      City of Los Altos
                                            Lori Limon
          Detective              Provider Relations Representative     The following persons have applied for
                                 Recommended by Janis Cavanaugh        Crime Scene Investigator recertification
                                                                       at the level indicated:
         Lisa Hudson
   County of San Bernardino             Gordon Sanford Jr.                          CSCSA:
      Autopsy Assistant         Mission Valley Regional Occupational       AXTMAN, Robert L.
Recommended by Ricardo Tomboc                 Program                     BOWERS, Charles M.
                                         Forensic Biologist                FREEMAN, Renee A.
                                                                           FUGITT, Thomas R.
         Susan Moore                                                        GANON, Ellen R.
       County of Orange                   Donna Burns
                                                                            GARCIA, David N.
      Forensic Specialist           County of San Bernardino
                                                                          LEWELLEN, William:
   Recommended by Lisa Zinn                Volunteer
                                                                           MALLORY, Brian T
                                 Recommended by Ricardo Tomboc
         David Brown                                                        CECIL, Jeffery S
    County of Sacramento                  Shelby Suzuki
                                                                          GONZALEZ, Matthew
     Criminal Investigator            City of Citrus Heights           If you know of any reason for these
   Recommended by Michael          Police Records Assistant II         recertifications to not be approved,
          Stapleton             Recommended by Michael Stapleton       please contact: George Jewett,
                                                                       Chairperson, CSD-IAI Crime Scene
                                                                       Certification Committee, at (408) 264-

  Page 14 The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6
               Many Are To Blame For
              Maryland’s Judge’s Decision
              November 8, 2007, by Crime Lab Report at

It's a simple story about a judge who        case, Judge Souder was understandably           evaluating the reliability of evidence.
asked the right questions and didn't get     suspicious of testimony offered by an FBI
the right answers. Nobody should be          expert who claimed that the comparison of       Now, when the same adversarial system of
shocked by the outcome.                      fingerprints has no potential for error. The    justice that forensic scientists have sworn
                                             methodology, he testified, "is infallible"      allegiance to suddenly drops the hammer
In a recent decision that sent panic                                                         on scientific testimony that conflicts with
throughout the forensic science              Crime Lab Report respectfully disagrees         known facts, forensic scientists ought to
community, Baltimore County Circuit          with Judge Souder's decision, but               give careful consideration to ways in which
Court Judge Susan Souder ruled that          acknowledges the awkward position in            their methods and court presentations can
forensic fingerprint identification was "a   which she was placed by the state's             better help the judges and juries who are
subjective, untested, unverifiable           fingerprint expert. We further sympathize       expecting a higher level of professionalism
identification procedure." As a result,      with Judge Souder for the blame she will        and credibility.
the state was precluded from admitting       receive from critics throughout the country,
the testimony of a forensic scientist who    including forensic scientists who might be      Whether or not Judge Souder's
identified a suspect's fingerprints on                                                          controversial decision was reasonable,
two vehicles associated with the                                                                the profession of forensic science has
murder of a local store merchant. The                                                           a long way to go. Serious questions
defendant, Bryan Rose, could face the                                                           remain on the minds of genuinely
death-penalty if convicted.                                                                     concerned judges and lawyers who are
                                                                                                confused about the potential for errors
Prosecutor Jason League said in court                                                           in many common forensic practices.
that the ruling "virtually overturns 100                                                        While they have good reason to be
years of jurisprudence with respect to                                                          very confident in the quality produced
the admissibility of latent fingerprint                                                         by most crime laboratories, the
evidence."                                                                                      continued evolution of the forensic
                                                                                                science will hopefully be allowed to
But in her 32-page decision, Judge                                                              e rode these do ub ts with the
Souder issued a stern reminder that                                                             development of improved standards
judges in previous Maryland cases,                                                              and new research.
where fingerprint identifications were
j ud g e d a d mi ss i bl e, "we re no t                                                         In the meantime, the show must go
presented with proof of erroneous                                                                on.
identifications which refute the
infallibility claimed by the State’s                                                               Fortunately, the calculation of error
expert."                                                                                           rates has never been a prerequisite of
                                                                                                   science despite what some outspoken
In the case against Bryan Rose, defense      wise to tone-down their rhetoric.               critics of forensic science often preach.
attorneys, without objection from the
state, introduced a 220 page review of       Historically, forensic scientists have openly   Science is a journey, not a destination. It
the     FBI's     highly    publicized       argued that the self-correcting mechanisms      is a process for systematically gathering
misidentification of a Muslim lawyer,        of our adversarial system of justice are        information, making observations, and
Brandon Mayfield, in the investigation of    what should be relied upon to weed out          using the information gained to draw
the 2004 Madrid train bombing that killed    junk science and unreliable experts. In         conclusions or make predictions about the
191 people. Mayfield, who was living in      fact, during the early years of forensic        natural world. Research can, in many
Oregon, was arrested by the FBI even         science accreditation, stubborn voices from     instances, help to establish error rates that
after Spanish investigators disagreed        within the profession argued that               will help stakeholders better understand
with the fingerprint match.                  accreditation was an unnecessary and            the limitations of certain methods and
                                             intrusive process that should be reserved
Faced with compelling evidence of a          for the courtroom, since judges and trial
                                                                                                     See RESEARCH, PAGE 16
significant error in a major terrorism       lawyers are ultimately responsible for

   Volume 7, Issue 6 November/December 2007 The California Identification Digest                                            Page 15
                                                be immune from human subjectivity.               was quoted by Sun reporter Jennifer
RESEARCH                                                                                         McMenamin as saying that "it is the
                                                Here are the facts. DNA probabilities are        absolute lack of even the most basic and
FROM PAGE 15                                    not error rates. They are an expression of       rudimentary research that mandates the
                                                the likelihood that particular genetic           exclusion of fingerprints."
techniques. But the absence of known            profiles will occur within segments of the
error rates is not a justification to dismiss   human population. Like fingerprints, the         Ms. McMenamin would likely have ignored
an entire science. The scientific method        exact error rate for DNA testing is miniscule    this sophomoric attack if she knew two
deserves more respect.                          but not quantified. A DNA expert can             important facts. First, the amount of field-
                                                present the most impressive statistics in        research that has been conducted in the
So why did the FBI botch such an                court, but they won't help a judge               science of fingerprint identification is
important fingerprint analysis in a major       determine if a test tube was accidentally        overwhelming and well-documented.
terrorism case?                                 switched or a mixture was misinterpreted         Studies and experiments conducted over
                                                from an electropherogram.           Only by      the course of a century repeatedly fail to
The answer is simple: FBI experts, like all     assessing the qualifications of the expert       falsify the basic principles of the science.
scientists, are human beings. In the            and the quality-assurance checks applied to      Numerous textbooks and peer-reviewed
Mayfield case, they allowed themselves          the analysis can the potential for error be      literature have been authored and
to become distracted by circumstances           fully appreciated in court.                      reviewed by the relevant scientific
that were unrelated to the analytical                                                            community. Quality assurance practices
work at hand. This was reported in              Crime Lab Report believes, however, that         continue to improve as national and
painstaking detail by a panel of experts        forensic scientists often create more            international accreditation standards shape
assigned to investigate the error.              problems than they solve primarily because       how analyses are conducted and checked
                                                of their own ignorance in these matters.         for accuracy.
Overwhelmingly, the misidentification of        The Maryland fingerprint decision was
Brandon Mayfield was attributed to              evidence of that.                                Second, Mr. Kent suggests that a sufficient
cultural and environmental influences                                                            degree of research would miraculously
associated with, among other things,            The proposition that any scientist, method,      pacify his antagonism towards fingerprints.
"the inherent pressure of such a high           or conclusion is infallible should be rejected   Even if it is possible for researchers to
profile case." With the FBI's primary           on the spot. Even though scientists rarely       establish error rates for the various forensic
focus having shifted from law                   have any reason to believe that a mistake        disciplines, it wouldn't matter anyway.
enforcement to anti-terrorism activities,       was made, or that a mistake went                 Defense lawyers would simply argue that
we have learned that the urgencies and          undetected by the laboratory's quality           the research was flawed or incomplete.
political dynamics associated with              assurance system, the potential for error
homeland-security requires them to              must be acknowledged. While this may             Crime Lab Report is certain that Kent and
employ appropriate quality assurance            alarm some scientists, they have no reason       his colleagues are not interested in being
measures to prevent similar errors from         to worry if they make good on their ethical      pacified. It is their job to be adversaries.
occurring in the future.                        and professional obligation to understand        No amount of research will ever change
                                                how errors occur and explain how those           that.
For Baltimore County, the damage had            risks are mitigated. By understanding how
been done. While Brandon Mayfield was           errors happen and admitting that they are        Latent Fingerprint Identification is a sound
never actually convicted of a crime, an         statistically possible, scientists are in a      and reliable science in need of more
entire science was unfairly convicted for       much better position to prevent them.            competent representation when it comes
the errors of the FBI. No justice was                                                            under serious attack. We hope forensic
served by this and it could have been           The expectation, however, that scientists        science professionals in all disciplines will
avoided with a better understanding of          recognize the potential for error in their       allow themselves to be motivated by Judge
science and the real factors that               work should not embolden those critics           Souder's ruling and develop more effective
contribute to errors in crime laboratories.     who have a disturbingly warped                   strategies for presenting themselves and
                                                understanding of science. If errors were         their methods in court.
Baltimore Sun reporter Chris Emery              truly rampant among crime laboratories
de monstra ted        another    com mo n       across the United States, defense attorneys      Crime Lab Report urges Judge Souder to
misconception when he drew an                   would seek second opinions as often as           reconsider her position in the Bryan Rose
inappropriate comparison between                possible. But they don't.                        case, but only after issuing a strong
fingerprint identification and DNA testing.     That's because second opinions are more          repudiation of expert witnesses who fail to
"DNA experts," he wrote, "typically             likely to validate the results of the original   accurately present the merits and
present evidence to judges and juries           experts assigned to these cases. It's much       limitations of their science. We believe
noting the statistical probability of a         safer to simply attack the "science"             Judge Souder has an opportunity to
match between two DNA samples.                  because there is no risk of collateral           reverse a misinformed decision and bring
Fingerprint examiners, however, use a           damage.                                          the Bryan Rose case to a fair and
binary, all-or-nothing approach."                                                                reasonable conclusion.
Statistics are often very comforting to         Patrick Kent, chief of the Forensics Division
those who naively perceive numbers to           at the Maryland Public Defender's Office,

     Page 16 The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6
              Training Opportunities
                                A Chance To Learn
     Advanced Practical                    Cost: $495                                      Advanced Latent Print
   Homicide Investigation                  Instructor: Jan Johnson
                                                                                             Comparison and
         Seminar                                                                           Identification Course
                                           Contact: Barbara Anderson, Sacramento PD
                                           Forensics, (916) 264-8284 or
Date: November 12-16                         Date: April 7-10, 2008
Location: Orleans Hotel, Las Vegas                                                      Location: Sacramento Regional Public
                                                                                        Safety Training Center, McClellan
Cost: $595
                                                                                        Cost: $40 for CA residents, POST Plan
Instructor: Vernon J. Geberth                Fingerprint Identification                 IV; $126 for non-CA residents
Contact:                                         and Classification                     Instructor: Mike Stapleton;
(702) 769-5686                             Date: January 14-18, 2008                    Contact: or call
                                                                                        (916) 939-2211; to register by phone,
                                           Location: Sacramento Regional Public         call the Center at (916) 570-5000
                                           Safety Training Center, McClellan

   Advanced Latent Print                   Cost: $82 for CA residents, POST Plan IV;
                                           $4126 for non-CA residents
     Identification and
                                           Instructor: Mike Stapleton
        Comparison                                                                       Fingerprint Identification
                                           Contact: or call            and Classification
Date: November 13-15                       (916) 939-2211; to register by phone, call
                                           the Center at (916) 570-5000
Location: Sacramento Regional Public                                                    Date: September 8-12, 2008
Safety Training Center, McClellan
                                                                                        Location: Sacramento Regional Public
Cost: $40 for CA residents, POST Plan IV                                                Safety Training Center, McClellan
                                              Buried Body and Surface                   Cost: $82 for CA residents, POST Plan
Instructor: Mike Stapleton
                                                Skeleton Workshop                       IV; $426 for non-CA residents
Contact: Mike@StapletonAndAssociates.
com or call (916) 939-2211                                                              Instructor: Mike Stapleton
                                           Date: January 28-February 1, 2008
                                                                                        Contact: or call
                                           Location: Sacramento                         (916) 939-2211; to register by phone,
                                                                                        call the Center at (916) 570-5000
                                           Cost: $495
   Advanced Palm Print
                                           Instructor: Jan Johnson
  Comparison Techniques
                                           Contact: Barbara Anderson, Sacramento PD
Date: November 13-15                       Forensics, (916) 264-8284 or
                                                Advanced Latent Print
Location: Fresno Convention Center                                                           Comparison and
Cost: $350                                                                                 Identification Course
Instructor Ron Smith                       Introduction to the Science                  Date: October 20-23, 2008
Contact: Ron Smith & Associates, Inc.,     of Fingerprint Identification                Location: Sacramento Regional Public
(601) 626-1100
                                                                                        Safety Training Center, McClellan
                                           Date: February 25-29, 2008
                                                                                        Cost: $40 for CA residents, POST Plan
                                           Location: San Bernardino                     IV; $126 for non-CA residents
    Advanced Bloodstain                    Cost: $550                                   Instructor: Mike Stapleton
    Pattern Identification                 Instructor: Michael J. Campbell              Contact: or call
                                                                                        (916) 939-2211; to register by phone,
Date: December 10-14                       Contact: Ron Smith & Associates, Inc.,       call the Center at (916) 570-5000
                                           (601) 626-1100
Location: Sacramento

   Volume 7, Issue 6 November/December 2007 The California Identification Digest                                     Page 17
     Employment Opportunities
                            A Chance To Advance
Latent Print Examiner II –                     Contact: Personnel Administration –             Minimum Qualifications: Working
  Oakland Police Dept.                         Professional Examinations Unit, University      knowledge of fingerprint identification
                                               Centre Building, 101 Centre Plaza Drive,        and other technical and scientific
                                               Monterey Park, CA 91754, (323) 526-5611         instruments, equipment, supplies and
Final Filing Date: December 14                                                                 procedures used to search for, collect,
                                                                                               preserve and process latent fingerprints.
Salary: $5,736-$7,042 monthly
Minimum qualifications: This is a
                                                Latent Print Examiner – San                    Contact: Human Resources at (831) 755-
                                                                                               3744, or
journey-level classification in the Latent      Diego County Sheriff’s Dept.                   personnel
Print series. Candidates are responsible
for development, comparison and
identification of latent prints, including     Final Filing Date: Open until filled
use of fingerprint0-related databases. If                                                           Sheriff’s Fingerprint
there are an insufficient number of            Salary: $59,238-$72,010 annually
qualified candidates at the Latent Print
                                               Minimum Qualifications: A Bachelor’s degree         Examiner – San Diego
Examiner II level, the City may fill the
vacancy at the Latent Print Examiner I         in forensics, administration of justice,
                                               evidence technology, biology, chemistry or a
                                                                                                   County Sheriff’s Dept.
level. Candidates for this position must
have latent print comparison and               closely related field; or an Associate’s
identification casework experience. The        degree in the above fields and at least one     Final filing date: Open until filled
LPE I salary is $5,009-$6,149 a month.         year of experience in latent print
CALPERS retirement is 2.7% at 55.              development with a law enforcement agency       Salary: $33,238-$40,394 annually
                                               and at least one year of experience in
Contact:, or call           analyzing fingerprints for identification; or   Minimum Qualifications: Completion of
the lab at (510) 238-3386                      four years of experience with a law             coursework in fingerprint identification
                                               enforcement agency analyzing fingerprints       from the FBI, DOJ or an accredited
                                               for identification.                             college in fingerprint science, and an
                                                                                               Associate’s degree in criminal justice or a
                                               Contact: or Larise          closely related field; or one year of
 Forensic Specialist (Photo                    Baker at (619) 531-5610                         experience as a Sheriff’s Records &
                                                                                               Identification Clerk II in San Diego
   Lab) – Orange County                                                                        County; or two years of experience in a
       Sheriff’s Dept                                                                          law enforcement agency that included
                                                      Forensic Evidence                        one year of experience performing
                                                                                               fingerprint identification, classification by
Final Filing Date: Open until filled                Technician – Monterey                      visual inspection and analysis of
                                                                                               fingerprints. Also required is an original,
Salary: $3,199-$4,284 monthly                        County Sheriff’s Dept                     unaltered typing certificate for at least 30
                                                                                               wpm and dated within the last two years.
Minimum Qualifications: One year
employment in law enforcement or               Final Filing Date: Open until filled            Contact: or (619)
commercial photography; or a degree or                                                         236-2191
certificate in photography; or some            Salary: $4,311-$5,887 monthly
combination of the above training and
experience totaling one year.
Contact:, or Norma Cortez at
(714) 647-1889

  Forensic Identification
Specialist II – Los Angeles
  County Sheriff’s Dept.
Final Filing Date: Open until filled
Salary: $5,268-$6,543 monthly
Minimum Qualifications: Graduation from
an accredited college with a Bachelor’s
degree in criminalistics, police science, or
a related field, and three years paid
experience at the level of L.A. Co.’s class
of Forensic Specialist I, participating in
site investigations and laboratory

     Page 18 The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6
Audit and Finance                                             Scholarship
Committee Oversight - Mike Gaynor – 1st Vice President        Committee Oversight: Ricardo Tomboc, 2nd Vice President
Chairperson – Jane Xepoleas, Senior Director                  Chairperson: John Shull, Senior Director, North
Vice Chairperson – Sherrie Hill, Junior Director              Vice Chairperson: Carlton Fuller, Junior Director, South
Member: Donna Jewett, Mid 3rd year                            Member: Jeanne Clark, Past President
Member: Sally Avila, North 2nd year                           Member: Mark Babione, Mid, 3rd year
Member: TBA, South 1st year                                   Member: Matt Gonzales, South, 2nd year
Alternate member: Tammy Harris                                Member: Carla Murray, North, 1st year
Observing: Russ Silcock
                                                              Science and Practices
Certification and Training                                    Committee Oversight: Ricardo Tomboc, 2nd Vice President
Committee Oversight – Ricardo Tomboc, 2nd Vice President      Chairperson: James Edmonston
                                                              Member: Hillary Moses - Thatcher
Crime Scene Certification                                     Member: Sherrie Hill
Chairperson: George Jewett, Mid, 3rd year                     Member: Denise Cantrell
Member: Rebecca Daher, South, 2nd year
Member: Shelley Hudson, North, 1st year                       CCI User Advisory Board
                                                              Member: Mark Hawthorne
Latent Print Certification                                    Alternate Member: John Shull
Chairperson: Denise Cantrell, North 3rd year
Member: Joi Dickerson, South 2nd year                         IAI Divisional Representative
Member: Mike Gaynor, Mid 1st year                             Tamara Burkart

Credentials                                                   CSDIAI Webmaster
Committee Oversight: Ed Palma, Sergeant at Arms               Steven Tillmann
Member: Felita Chapman, Secretary-Treasurer
                                                              2007 Seminar Audit
Laws and Legislature                                          Member: John Thompson
Committee Oversight: Donna Kimmel-Lake, 3rd Vice President    Member: Diana Castro
Chairperson: Bob Goss                                         Registration Chair: Donna Jewett
Member: Richard Reneau
Member: Dusty Clark
Member: Gail Fitzgerald

Committee Oversight: Donna Kimmel-Lake, 3rd Vice President    Special Committees
Chairperson: Cindy Hull
                                                              10 print Certification Committee
General Membership                                            Chairperson: Camille Bourque
Member: Krishna Patel                                         Member: TBA
Member: Jim Potts                                             Member: TBA

Student Membership                                            Conference Planner Study
Member: Cindy Becker                                          Donna Jewett
Member: Tessa Smith
                                                              Notification Committee
Nominations                                                   Chairperson: George Jewett
Chairperson: Cathy Kibbey, South                              Member: Felita Chapman
Vice Chair: Carla Murray, North                               Member: Russ Silcock
Member: Shelley Hudson, North
Member: Rodrigo Viesca, South                                 Seminar Fiscal Committee
                                                              Chairperson: Steve Nash
Press and Compliments                                         Member: Donna Jewett, 3rd year
Committee Oversight – Debra Galaviz-Flores, Editor            Member: Marvin Spreyne, 2nd year
Chairperson: Carlton Fuller                                   Member: Tammy Harris, 1st year
Member: Bob Goss
Member: Ricardo Tomboc                                        2008 Conference Committee
                                                              Registration: Donna Jewett
Resolutions                                                   Vendors: George Jewett
Committee Oversight: Mike Gaynor, 1st Vice President          Speakers: Diana Castro and Monika Rehder
Chairperson: Jane Xepoleas, Senior Director North             Hospitality: TBA
Vice Chairperson: Cathy Kibbey, Junior Director South         Photographer: Bruce Wiley
Member: Rodrigo Viesca                                        Member Exhibits: Janis Cavanaugh
Member: Russ Silcock

    Volume 7, Issue 6 November/December 2007 The California Identification Digest                                        Page 19
        And now a few moments in time from the...

                          California State Division members and guests pose for the annual group
                              photograph at the IAI Conference held last summer in San Diego

     ...International Association for Identification
       92nd Educational Conference in San Diego

 California State Division officers are installed for the
2007-2008 term during festivities at the IAI Conference
              last summer in San Diego

                                                            California State Division Past Presidents at the Golden
                                                            State ’s banquet last summer in San Diego . The white
                                                                      dinner jacket is the ‘badge of office’

  Page 20 The California Identification Digest November/December 2007 Volume 7, Issue 6

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