Annex B (Eng)
ARMY OFFICER DP2 IMPLEMENTATION
RESERVE FORCE COMPONENT
1. The purpose of this Annex is to provide details on the conduct of training and the requirements
necessary for Reserve Force officers to complete the new Army Officer Development Period 2 (DP2)
PART 1 - GENERAL
2. The training and education of DP2 Reserve Force officers will be conducted throughout the DP2
timeframe and incorporate the requirements as stipulated in the Officer General Specifications (OGS) for
the Canadian Forces (CF) and the Army. The new Army Officer DP2 Training Model will come into
effect for the Reserve Force on 1 September 2006.
3. The Reserve Army Officer DP2 Training Model will consist of three qualifications as follows:
a. the Army Junior Officer Staff Qualification (AJOSQ);
b. the Army Tactical Operations Course (ATOC); and
c. the Primary Reserve Army Operations Course (PResAOC).
4. The Officer Professional Military Education (OPME) programme is not a Primary Reserve
requirement for DP 2 however Reserve officers are free to pursue these qualifications on their own.
PART 2 - ARMY JUNIOR OFFICER STAFF QUALIFICATION (AJOSQ)
5. As of 1 September 2006 AJOSQ will be a prerequisite for attending the ATOC. As part of the
AJOSQ, Reserve Force officers will be required to complete five Performance Objectives (POs) and three
Education Objectives (Ed Os), which will require approximately 240 hours or 30 training days to
complete. Subject material will be delivered in the form of self-paced computer-based distance learning
through the CLFCSC on-line learning centre (OLC), as follows:
a. PO 201 Leadership and Ethics. PO 201 is designed to prepare officers to better lead
subordinates by applying Army leadership and ethical principles, promoting Army ethos
and values, ensuring the well-being of subordinates and teams, and assessing
performance. The effects of stress and conflict resolution will be covered as well as rules
b. PO 202 Military Law. PO 202 is intended to provide reserve junior officers with a
common grounding in Military Law using two main themes, the CF Military Justice
System as related to officer responsibilities in good order and discipline and conflict as
viewed from a modern military perspective.
c. PO 203 Defence Management. This PO provides an introduction to the mechanisms
affecting the management of military personnel in the CF and covers topics in the
organization, roles and responsibilities, resources, operational activities and capabilities
of the CF and DND.
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d. PO 204 Conduct Unit Training. PO 204 is designed to prepare officers to plan, organize,
conduct and evaluate training at the unit level. Unit Commanding Officers will be
required to assess a sub-unit training plan prepared by each candidate.
e. PO 205 Resource Management. PO 205 is a web-based self-study package designed to
provide officers with an introduction to the CF business planning process and resource /
financial management procedures.
f. Ed O 201 Impact of Technology on Land Operations. Ed O 201 is delivered as web-
based learning by the CLFCSC OLC and defines the impact of current and emerging
technologies on the battlefield of today and tomorrow.
g. Ed O 202 Garrison Staff Duties. This Ed O is intended to help students develop creative
thinking and communication skills. Units will be required to provide mentoring and
assistance to the students in the completion of their studies and the marking of their
deliverables, which include a military letter, a letter to a civilian, and a briefing note.
h. Ed O 203 Army Organizations. Ed O 203 is designed to outline the organization,
characteristics, roles and capabilities of CF Army units and formations.
6. As the AJOSQ is a pre requisite for ATOC, candidates will be encouraged to complete the
programme within the first three years of DP2. Commanding Officers will be responsible to guide and
monitor the progress of their officers through the programme using progress data available from the
CLFCSC. It is expected that approximately 10 days of training would be accomplished in each of three
years however, this would not prevent an officer from completing the programme at a slower or quicker
pace, given the necessary resources.
7. Officers who successfully complete all of the required POs and Ed Os will be awarded the Army
Junior Officer Staff Qualification (TBD).
8. The AJOSQ has been developed by CLFCSC, which is the overall educational body responsible
for delivering the programme within the Army Officer DP2 training model.
9. Additional information on the AJOSQ content and conduct is available on-line at:
10. All AJOSQ candidates are required to register through the CLFCSC OLC website on the Defence
Information Network (DIN). Candidates who do not have access to the DIN can download a form from
the OLC Internet site and fax it to the CLFCSC. In order to register, candidates are required to provide
either their DND @ Forces.gc.ca e-mail address or another Internet e-mail address. Once registered,
candidates will receive a return e-mail from the College with further instructions regarding a login name
and a password with which to access the study material. Candidates may access the CLFCSC OLC
through either the DIN or the Internet at: http://armyapp.dnd.ca/olc-cad/.
Annex B (Eng)
11. Upon successful completion of each PO of the AJOSQ, as determined by the passing of the on-
line exam, Army Reserve candidates on Class A service will be compensated for the number of days of
pay assessed for each PO. Currently these amounts are assessed as follows:
a. PO 201 - 5.5 days;
b. PO 202 - 2.5 days;
c. PO 203 - 2.5 days;
d. PO 204 - 5 days;
e. PO 205 - 2 days;
f. EdO 201 - 8.5 days;
g. EdO 202 - 3 days; and
h. EdO 203 - 2 days.
PART 3 - ARMY TACTICAL OPERATIONS COURSE (ATOC)
12. With the implementation of the new Army Officer DP2 Training Model, the ATOC will become
a prerequisite for the PResAOC. The ATOC is primarily focused on providing Army officers with the
specific skills and knowledge required to conduct or support combat team operations. The material
provided within the ATOC Training Plan has been divided into two separate and distinct training
packages, based on either a Combat Arms (CA) or a Combat Service Support (CSS) focus. Although
elements of this training are common to both CA and CSS personnel, a distinct package has been created
for each group to ensure that only the most relevant material is taught. Each course (ATOC CA and
ATOC CSS) has been tailored to provide students with demanding and mentally challenging exercises
that will realistically approximate operational employment with their units.
13. The ATOC DL phase is a self-study module conducted independently by the student. Testing is
conducted through a final written exam. Successful completion of this exam is a pre-requisite for
attendance on the residency phase. Material has been divided into nine learning modules:
a. Module 1 - Doctrinal Concepts. This module will provide instruction on the key
components of military theory that form the basis of Canadian command philosophy and
b. Module 2 - Battle Procedure. Module 2 provides instruction on the application of Battle
Procedure at the Combat Team level.
c. Module 3 - Offensive Operations. Module 3 is an overview of Offensive Operations and
a detailed presentation of Hasty Attacks conducted at the Combat Team level.
d. Module 4 - Defensive Operations. Module 4 covers subjects related to Defensive
Operations with specific consideration to Combat Arms and Combat Service Support.
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e. Module 5 - Delay Operations. Module 5 covers the complexities of delay operations.
f. Module 6 - Transitional Phases. Module 6 is linked to the prosecution of the other
Operations of War. Officers consider transition between the Advance, Meeting
Engagement, Link-Up, Withdrawal and Relief Operations.
g. Module 7 - Sustainment Operations. Module 7 is an introduction to Canadian Army
Sustainment Doctrine including Concepts, the Land Replenishment System, Land
Equipment Management System (LEMS), Personal Support Services (PSS), Health
Support Services (HSS), Reconstitution Operations; Unique Operations and Specific
h. Module 8 - Command Post (CP) Operations. Module 8 presents the functional and
tactical considerations for establishing and operating a CP including Processes, the
Operation of a CP, Duty Officer Functions, the Control of Road Moves and the
preparation of Orders and Support Plans.
i. Module 9 - Tactical Reference Material. Module 9 is intended to provide instructional
materials covering a range of subjects including, Main Contingency Force (MCF),
Opposing Force (OPFOR), Tactics, Techniques & Procedures, map symbols, mission
task verbs, key appointments and staff planning tools.
14. The Residency Phase for ATOC is conducted at CTC Gagetown. For the Reserve Force, two
ATOC CA serials will be run annually. Each serial requires 12 training days, and consists of a minimum
course-load of 24 students and a maximum course-load of 30 students. Likewise, ATOC CSS, which
runs one serial annually, consists of 12 days of residency, with a minimum course-load of 24 students and
a maximum course-load of 30 students.
15. Both of the ATOC CA and CSS Residency phases combine instructor-led lectures, discussions
and training exercises in order to ensure the correct assimilation and application of the theoretical
knowledge is made. Training will follow the progressive methodology of Discussion, Demonstration,
Tactical Exercise Without Troops (TEWT) and Computer Assisted Exercises (CAX).
16. Successful completion of both the DL and Residency components of the ATOC-PRes is required
to receive the ATOC CA qualification AEXK or the ATOC CSS qualification (TBD).
17. The ATOC has been developed by the Army Individual Training Authority (AITA), Tactics
School - Combat Training Centre (CTC) Gagetown which is the overall educational body responsible for
delivering the program within the Army DP2 training model. Additional information on registration,
course content and training conduct is available on-line at: http://ctc.gagetown.mil.ca/.
18. As of 1 September 2006, Reserve Force officers who have completed the AJOSQ requirements
will be nominated by their LF Area HQ to AITA Ops, CTC HQ Gagetown for ATOC course loading on
Annex B (Eng)
PART 4 – PRIMARY RESERVE ARMY OPERATIONS COURSE (PResAOC)
19. The PResAOC will be delivered to all Army Reserve captains and select non Army MOCs who
meet the prerequisites including AJOSQ and ATOC-PRes. PResAOC training is focused on providing
DP2 officers with the specific skills and knowledge required to plan, co-ordinate, conduct and control
aspects of tasks and operations under the direction or supervision of superiors. The course is designed to
prepare Junior Officers to act as staff in a tactical headquarters at the unit and formation level within a
joint, combined and coalition operational environments, throughout the spectrum of conflict.
20. The PResAOC is comprised of a DL component utilizing web-based training, a distributed
residence component and a residency component with synchronous instructor-led discussions /
mentoring. The instructor allocation authorized for this training is based on one LCol per syndicate for
DL training and two LCol per syndicate for residence-based training. The complete PResAOC (DL and
Residency) consists of 55 days delivered as follows:
a. Phase One – Distributed Learning (DL) and Distributed Residence (DR). Officers will
follow a DL course, conducted while “on course” at their home site. Officers will be
provided with a laptop computer (mailed to the student) and will follow the curriculum
package using a web-based training medium from a place of their choosing (e.g. at
home), as part of a DS-led syndicate. The DL phase of the AOC will introduce officers
to a variety of innovative and modern educational techniques such as computer based
learning, virtual syndicate discussions, and teleconferencing. Evaluation will consist of a
combination of computer based testing, informal written e-mail submissions, formal
written assignments, participation in on-line discussions, and subjective evaluation of
individual participation in syndicate activities.
(1) During the DL portion of the course, officers will study combat power and relate
the five operation functions to the application of army doctrine for all phases and
operations of war plus stability operations. Officers will also study Army
organizations and begin to develop their understanding of staff processes.
(2) Student assessment during the PResAOC DL Phase will be based on a mix of
subjective and objective evaluations, the latter in the form of computer-based
tests. These computer-based tests will be marked automatically and students will
be advised immediately of their results. All tests must be passed before
proceeding to the residency phase. Should there be a requirement, remedial
training and retests will be programmed.
(3) Following the DL portion of Phase One the candidates will follow an eight
weekend DR phase that will start in January and run until early June. Candidates
will meet at a central location provided by their LFA and conduct syndicate
discussions, tutorial exercises, tactical exercises without troops as well as two
seminars. The first seminar will address domestic operations, the second peace
support operations. The estimate will be the focus of study in this phase.
(4) The following material will be the included as part of the DL and DR phase:
(a) PO 203 – Plan Operations at the Battle Group Level,
(b) Ed O 201 – Army Doctrine,
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(c) Ed O 202 – Friendly Forces and OPFOR Structures,
(d) Ed O 203 – Operational Functions, and
(e) Ed O 204 – Operation Orders.
b. Phase Two – Residency Training at the CLFCSC
(1) Phase Two consists of a 2-week residency package conducted at Fort Frontenac,
Kingston. The PResAOC residency phase will employ a modified Oxford
tutorial system based on syndicates of 8-10 students. The normal training
progression will be from readings to lectures (LEC), which may include
demonstrations, syndicate discussions (SDI), tutorial exercises (TUX), tactical
exercises without troops (TEWT)s, command post exercises (CPX) and finally
computer assisted exercises (CAX). Officers will be expected to demonstrate
proficiency with the estimate and the Operation Planning Process (OPP) and be
able to function as members of a battle group or brigade group staff executing
operations in all phases and operations of war, including operations other than
war (OOTW) and domestic operations. POs covered during the residential phase
(a) PO 201 – Leadership Practice,
(b) PO 202 – Duties of a Staff Officer,
(c) PO 204 – Plan Tactical Missions at Brigade Group level,
(d) PO 205 – Conduct Expeditionary Operations,
(e) PO 206 – Conduct Domestic Operations, and
(f) Ed O 205 – Joint and Combined Doctrine.
21. The maximum course load for the PResAOC is 84 students. CLFCSC will conduct one
PResAOC serial per year. The DL Phase will be conducted in the LF Areas and the residence phase at
22. Candidates on the PResAOC will receive a CF 377 Course Report upon completion of the course
or if they cease training for any reason. The following grading standards will be used for the PResAOC:
a. Distinguished Pass: The candidate exceeded the required standard in most course
b. Pass: The candidate met the required standard in all course material.
c. Incomplete: The candidate did not complete the course for whatever reason (voluntary,
medical, etc.). The reason will be stated on the report.
d. Fail: The candidate did not meet the required standard.
Annex B (Eng)
23. Candidates will be assessed on potential for command and this will be reflected in their course
RESPONSIBLE AGENCIES AND TRAINING ESTABLISHMENTS
24. Agencies include:
a. Controlling Agency: LFDTS;
b. Training Agency: CLFCSC;
c. Loading Agency: LF Area HQ; and
d. Centre of Excellence: CLFCSC.
25. All candidates are required to register for the PResAOC through the CLFCSC Online Learning
Centre (OLC) web site on the Defence Information Network (DIN). Candidates who do not have access
to a DIN computer can download a form from the OLC Internet site and fax it to the College at (613) 541-
5964. In order to register, candidates are required to provide either their DND @Forces.gc.ca e-mail
address or an Internet e-mail address. Once registered, candidates will receive a return e-mail from the
College with further instructions regarding a login name and a password with which to access the study
material. Candidates may access the CLFCSC OLC through the DIN or Internet at:
26. Currently, candidates are compensated in the following manner:
a. Distance Learning. Upon successful completion of the distance learning phase the
candidate will be compensated for 11 days pay.
b. Distributed Residence. For each weekend the candidate will be compensated for 2.5 or 3
days pay depending on travel requirements. In addition for each weekend, except the
first, the candidate will be compensated for 1 day of preparation.
c. Residence. The candidate with be compensated for 17 days pay for the residence phase
of the course. This includes compensation for travel to and from the CLFCSC.
27. The detailed development of the PResAOC, to occur no later than 1 May 2006, will determine the
exact balance of compensation between the three parts of the course.
28. As is the case currently, most support to Phase One activities will remain a LFA responsibility.
This primarily concerns provision of classrooms and audio-visual facilities for the distributed residence
phase of the course. All pay and TD for students during the whole course is also a LFA responsibility,
whether it is devolved to the units or not. Expenses related to the DS are funded by the CLFCSC and
managed by the LFA CIs. Support to Phase Two will be the responsibility of the CLFCSC.
29. Candidates will receive a laptop computer from the CLFCSC during the initial weekend of Phase
One. Support to the laptop computers will be through the IT helpdesk at the CLFCSC and will be
Annex B (Eng)
coordinated through the DResT 3 (Coord). The laptop for Phase One will be returned to the CLFCSC
when the student arrives in Kingston for Phase Two. Any candidate withdrawing from the course will
return the laptop. Failure to do so will result in administrative action against the student.
30. While PResAOC will, to the greatest degree possible, use the curriculum of the AOC, there is no
intent to teach digitized command and control techniques on PResAOC. The skills and knowledge
required to use the LFC2IS hardware and software will be part of the training delta between Reservists
and Regular officers. The time saved will allow the Reservist to more closely approach the learning level
of the Regular officer in the areas of doctrine and tactics.
31. The PResAOC is a DP2 course replacing the MCSC, which was a DP3A course. All officers in
DP3A who are not qualified MCSC as of September 2006 will have to complete PResAOC.
32. Requests for equivalencies based on experience and seniority will be addressed on an individual
basis and will be processed by LFDTS HQ/DAT 5. Equivalency requests will be entertained only for
those officers with no potential for command at the unit or subunit level, or officers with a significant
amount of operational staff experience.
33. In order to be selected for this training, the prospective officer must have successfully completed
the Army Junior Officer Staff Qualification (AJOSQ) and Army Tactical Operations Course (ATOC).
34. Officers are required to attend and successfully complete the Residency phase of the PResAOC
within one year of completing the PResAOC DL phase. Successful completion of the PResAOC will
result in the awarding of the AIUH competency.