Chapter_18_-_Adventure_Programming_Facilities by liwenting


									Adventure Programming
       Chapter 18
         Why a Climbing Wall?
• Integral part of an adventure program
• Use a climbing groups or individuals
• High-profile architecture
• Efficiently use an underutilized area of a
• Training facility for climbers
• An additional fitness development
            Planning Questions
• Who will be the users?
• Will the wall be a stand-alone entity?
• Will the wall be used in conjunction with
  other facilities?
• How will the project be funded?
• Is this a new or retrofit of an existing facility?
• How much space is available?
          Planning Questions

• How important are
• What type of flooring will
  be best for the facility?
• Do the design features
  promote safety, minimize
  maintenance problems,
  and meet program needs?
                 Design Factors
• Wall surface – real rock look, seamless cement,
  panels, wood
• Wall height – bouldering wall = 12’; Commercial
  height = 25’ to 35’; competition wall = 35’+; training
  wall = 40’+
• Portable walls
• Climbing treadmills
• Wall features = number, type, and location of
  handholds, cracks, aretes (corner), depressions,
  overhangs, caves, ledges, etc.
                Design Factors
• Wall structure = wall sub-structure must be designed
  to hold weight of climbers, movement of climbers,
  and impact of climbers
• Security
• Storage
• Flooring = movable landing mats, thickly padded
  carpeting, 6” of rubber pieces or gravel; flooring
  extends 6’ out from furthest protrusion of the wall
        Climbing Wall Types

• Homemade

• Prefabricated panel

• Portable walls

• Climbing towers
          Climbing Equipment

•   Ropes
•   Harnesses
•   Helmets
•   Belay system
•   Locking D carabiners
•   Climbing shoes
        Safety Standards for Walls
• Supervisors are qualified      • Climbers must show
  instructors                      proficiency in belay
• Emergency equipment              techniques, rope-handling
  available                        skills, and climbing signals
• CPR and First Aid training     • Facilities regularly inspected
  for personnel                  • Negative air pressure
• Periodic in-service training     maintained in indoor facility
• Policies and emergency         • Wall surface moderately
  procedures must be posted        abrasive
             Challenge Ropes Courses
               Learning Objectives
•   Commitment                     •   Safety education
•   Communication                  •   Trying one’s best
•   Fun, exhilaration, challenge   •   The joy of effort
•   Risk taking                    •   Exceeding one’s perceived
•   Fear management                    limits
•   Team work                      •   Trust
•   Leadership                     •   Cooperation
•   Ability to follow              •   Compassion
•   Problem solving                •   Physical fitness
                                   •   Coordination
              General Elements of
               Low Ropes Course
• Rope swing on knotted rope   • Traverse the diverging cable
• Spider’s web                   wires
• Hanging tire                 • Balance beam traverse
• Traversing and balancing     • Low wall
  the swinging log             • Higher log beam
• Tension traverse on low      • Swinging tires traverse
  cable wire with overhead     • Catwalk or twin cable wire
  rope                           feet only traverse
     High-Challenge Ropes Course
• Vertical rope ladders, cargo   • Zip wire on a pulley
  nets, or log rungs             • Trapeze dive
• Centipede poles with           • Pamper pole or high
  staples, firecracker ladders     pedestal
• Inclined log, fidget ladder,   • Trapeze or knotted rope
  or beam                          swing
                                 • Twin wire cable or rope
• High and low cable bridge        traverse
                                 • Cable traverse with hanging
                                   rings or vertical ropes for
       Ropes Course Maintenance
• Use pressure-treated          • Immediately replace dead
  lumber                          or insect-infected trees
• Weatherproof wood parts       • Trim and clear broken or
                                  overgrowing limbs
• Use only healthy trees with
                                • Remove splinters and rough
  a solid root system as          edges on all wood parts
  support trees
                                • Replace and repair all rotten
• Use wood chips or bark          or cracked wood
  mulch around the base of
        Rope Course Maintenance
• Reset protruding mails        • Temporarily cover all frayed
• Check for rotting of the        cable ends
  poles in the ground           • Cover all frayed areas with
• Use only galvanized metal       permanent sleeves
  items (i.e., bolts, cables,   • Inspect cables for
  cable locks, rapid links)       smoothness
• Tighten nuts and bolts,       • Cables should be 3/8” wire
  turnbuckles, and clamps         rope that is 7 x 19 (7 stands
                                  with 19 wires per strand)
Challenge Ropes Course Equipment
• Use Union International           • Maintain positive security
  Association of Alpinists            while on the ropes course
  certified climbing ropes and        using “lobster claws”
  screwgate locking                 • Minimize rope wear and
  carabiners                          damage by using a shear
                                      reduction devise
• Install only stainless steel or
                                    • Have a first aid kit available
  galvanized hardware
                                    • Store equipment in cool dry
• Have participants wear an           place
  adjustable harness
Challenge Ropes Course Equipment

• Lightning protection
  on high ropes courses
• Require helmets be
  worn on high or
  dangerous elements
• Use a “gravity break”
  on a zip line element

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