Pre-intermediate - Intermediate by xiuliliaofz

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									Pre-intermediate - Intermediate

             Unit 1




             Slide 1 (of 106)
          What’s the missing word?
•   How things with you?
•   How you do?
•   What your full name and address?
•   How your flight?
•   When you get here?
•   you have a good journey to school this morning?
•   Where you staying while you’re here?
•   you got any special reason for learning English?
•   you speak any other languages?
•   How your job going?
•   you got any brothers and sisters?
•   you have a nice holiday?
•   this your first visit to New York?
•   How all your family?        Slide 2 (of 106)
                    Auxiliary Verbs
•   How are things with you?
•   How do you do?
•   What’s your full name and address?
•   How was your flight?
•   When did you get here?
•   Did you have a good journey to school this morning?
•   Where are you staying while you’re here?
•   Have you got any special reason for learning English?
•   Do you speak any other languages?
•   How’s your job going?
•   Have you got any brothers and sisters?
•   Did you have a nice holiday?
•   Is this your first visit to New York?
•   How’s all your family?        Slide 3 (of 106)
    Where are the stressed words? (X)
•   How are things with you?
•   How do you do?
•   What’s your full name and address?
•   How was your flight?
•   When did you get here?
•   Did you have a good journey to school this morning?
•   Where are you staying while you’re here?
•   Have you got any special reason for learning English?
•   Do you speak any other languages?
•   How’s your job going?
•   Have you got any brothers and sisters?
•   Did you have a nice holiday?
•   Is this your first visit to New York?
•   How’s all your family?        Slide 4 (of 106)
Listen and mark the stressed words (O)
                                                            03 Track 3.mp3

•   How are things with you?
•   How do you do?
•   What’s your full name and address?
•   How was your flight?
•   When did you get here?
•   Did you have a good journey to school this morning?
•   Where are you staying while you’re here?
•   Have you got any special reason for learning English?
•   Do you speak any other languages?
•   How’s your job going?
•   Have you got any brothers and sisters?
•   Did you have a nice holiday?
•   Is this your first visit to New York?
•   How’s all your family?        Slide 5 (of 106)
                  The stress points                         03 Track 3.mp3




•   How are things with you?
•   How do you do?
•   What’s your full name and address?
•   How was your flight?
•   When did you get here?
•   Did you have a good journey to school this morning?
•   Where are you staying while you’re here?
•   Have you got any special reason for learning English?
•   Do you speak any other languages?
•   How’s your job going?
•   Have you got any brothers and sisters?
•   Did you have a nice holiday?
•   Is this your first visit to New York?
•   How’s all your family?        Slide 6 (of 106)
               Present Simple
• USE 1 Repeated Actions

  EXAMPLES:

  I play tennis
  We leave the office at 5pm every evening
  They always clean the house after parties
  The men always forget to cut the grass
  The girls never bring their credit cards

                       Slide 7 (of 106)
               Present Simple
• USE 2 Fact or General

  EXAMPLES:

  Cats like milk
  In Germany we drive on the right




                          Slide 8 (of 106)
              Present Simple
• USE 3 Permanent

  EXAMPLES:

  We live and work in Hessen, Germany
  My parents live in .......




                      Slide 9 (of 106)
       Present Simple - He, She, It
•   He runs every day
•   She goes shopping every month
•   The lawn mower makes a loud noise
•   The receptionist phones many customers
•   The bar manager makes great cocktails




                     Slide 10 (of 106)
     Present Simple - Questions
I like cola?
We/you/they drive a car?




                   Slide 11 (of 106)
      Present Simple - Auxiliary
I like cola?
We/you/they drive a car?




                   Slide 12 (of 106)
      Present Simple - Auxiliary
Do I like cola?
Do we/you/they drive a car?




                    Slide 13 (of 106)
     Present Simple - Questions
• He/she/it watch action movies?




                    Slide 14 (of 106)
      Present Simple - Auxiliary
• He/she/it watch action movies?




                    Slide 15 (of 106)
      Present Simple - Auxiliary
• Does he/she/it watch action movies?




                   Slide 16 (of 106)
                  Sports
• Which sports are popular in your country?
• Which sports do you enjoy playing?
• Which sports do you enjoy watching on TV?




                   Slide 17 (of 106)
          Sports and Games Quiz
• What do the letters NBA mean?
• Which of these countries has never won the World Cup:
  Argentina, England, France or Japan?
• When were the Olympic Games in Sydney?
• What kind of ball do they use in rugby?
• How often do the Winter Olympics happen?
• Where does the sport of Judo come from?
• How many spots are there on a dice?
• Who starts in a game of chess?
• Why are there fifty-two cards in a normal pack?
• How does a football/soccer referee signal the end of a game?
• How long does an ice hockey match last?
• What colour is the shirt worn by the leader of the Tour de
  France?                  Slide 18 (of 106)
                    03 Track 3.mp3




Slide 19 (of 106)
           Follow up to quiz
• What do the letters “NRA/IRS” stand for?
• What does NRA stand for?
• What do the Olympic rings represent/symbolize?
• What takes place at your company three times a
  year?
• What took place/happened on April 20th, 2010?
• What kind/sort/type of work do you like doing?
• How long did your job training last?

                   Slide 20 (of 106)
           ‘Wh-’ question words
•   A person ...
•   A place .....
•   A thing .... or .....
•   A time .... or .... ....
•   A period of time ... ….
•   The class or type of thing .... .... (3)
•   The number of times you do something .... ....
•   The way you do something ...

                       Slide 21 (of 106)
Slide 22 (of 106)
Slide 23 (of 106)
   05 Track 5 T1.4.mp3



Notice the words in
       ‘bold’




                         Slide 24 (of 106)
Slide 25 (of 106)
Short Answers




    Slide 26 (of 106)
Adverbs of Indefinite Frequency
  100%always
      usually normally generally regularly
      often
      frequently
   50%sometimes
      occasionally
      rarely       (negative idea)
      seldom        (negative idea)
      hardly ever (negative idea)
    0%never        (negative idea)

                  Slide 27 (of 106)
 Rule of Indefinite Frequency Adverbs
• Adverbs of Frequency answer the question "How
  often?" or "How frequently?"
• We usually go shopping on Saturday
      -      -before the main verb
• I have often done that
             -in the middle of two verbs
• She is always late
      -after the verb ‘to be’
• Occasionally, sometimes, usually, normally and
  generally can also go at the beginning:
                     Slide 28 (of 106)
   Adverb Exercise (1)
1) He listens to the radio (often)

2) They read a book (sometimes)

3) Pete gets angry (never)

4) Tom is very friendly (usually)

5) I take sugar in my coffee (sometimes)

6) Ramon and Frank are hungry (often)


7) My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening (always)


8) Walter helps his father in the kitchen (usually)


9) They watch TV in the afternoon (never)

10) Christine smokes (never)
                      Slide 29 (of 106)
   Adverb Exercise (2)
1) Have you been to London? (ever)

2) Peter doesn't get up before seven (usually)

3) Our friends must write tests (often)

4) They go swimming in the lake (sometimes)

5) The weather is bad in November (always)

6) Peggy and Frank are late (usually)

7) I have met him before (never)

8) John watches TV (seldom)

9) I was in contact with my sister (often)

10) She will love him (always)

                     Slide 30 (of 106)
Slide 31 (of 106)
            Frequency Phrases
•   Once          a                       day
•   Once          every                   two years
•   Twice         a                       week
•   Three times   a                       month
•   Four times    a                       month
•   Five times    a                       month
•   Ten times     a                       month

                      Slide 32 (of 106)
        Tell me about your life
• Example:
  – I always play football on Friday
  – I normally enjoy playing badminton on Thursdays
  – I enjoy playing badminton once a week




                      Slide 33 (of 106)
            Do you or Are you?
• ... usually get up as soon as you wake up?
• ... slow getting ready in the morning, or ... usually
  leave the house quickly?
• ... walk to school or work, or ... go by car or bus?
• How often ... you run upstairs?
• ... often sleepy after lunch?
• ... energetic when you come home in the evening?
• How often ... stay up late during the week?

                       Slide 34 (of 106)
           Do you or Are you?
• How many hours’ sleep ... normally have?
• ... normally sleep well or ... often awake in the
  middle of the night?
• ... usually have a good breakfast in the morning?
• How many cups of coffee ... normally drink every
  day?
• ... smoke? If yes, ... a heavy smoker?
• How often ... drink alcohol?
• ... often play sport?
• In your own opinion ... fit and healthy?
                      Slide 35 (of 106)
      Subject / Object questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate




                     Slide 36 (of 106)
      Making Subject Questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate




                     Slide 37 (of 106)
      Making Subject Questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate

• If the answer you want is ‘John’, then you
  make a subject question




                     Slide 38 (of 106)
       Making Object Questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate




                     Slide 39 (of 106)
       Making Object Questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate

• If the answer you want is ‘a lot of chocolate’,
  then you make an object question




                      Slide 40 (of 106)
             Object questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate




                     Slide 41 (of 106)
             Object questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate

• What does John eat?




                     Slide 42 (of 106)
             Object questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate

• What does John eat?

• In object questions, we need the aux
• We change the word order



                     Slide 43 (of 106)
           Create the question
The doctor tells the nurse to take blood four times a
  day
The repairman works on the computer twice a
  week
The woman writes a long letter once a month
The teacher gives the student some advice on
  Mondays
The robber wants all the money in the cash register
                       Slide 44 (of 106)
            Subject questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate




                     Slide 45 (of 106)
            Subject questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate

• Who eats a lot of chocolate?




                     Slide 46 (of 106)
            Subject questions
• John eats a lot of chocolate

• Who eats a lot of chocolate?

(in subject questions, we don’t need an aux)
(And we don’t change the word order)



                     Slide 47 (of 106)
           Create the question
The doctor works with the nurses four times a day
The repairman works on the computer twice a
  week
The woman writes a long letter once a month
The teacher gives the student some advice on
  Mondays
The robber wants all the money in the cash register

                      Slide 48 (of 106)
                    The Rule
• In subject questions, we don’t need an aux and don’t
  change the word order

• In object questions, we need the aux and change the
  word order




                       Slide 49 (of 106)
                    The Rule
• In subject questions, we don’t need an aux and don’t
  change the word order

• In object questions, we need the aux and change the
  word order

• Only Who and What questions can give subject answers

• Present Simple and Past Simple only
                       Slide 50 (of 106)
Slide 51 (of 106)
Free-time activities




       Slide 52 (of 106)
Sports vocabulary question - PDF




             Slide 53 (of 106)
                     Activities
•   Clubbing
•   Dancing
•   Hiking, hill walking
•   Skate boarding / ice skating
•   Rollerblading / roller skating
•   Swimming
•   Snowboarding / skiing
•   Shopping

                        Slide 54 (of 106)
                     Gerunds
•   Clubbing
•   Dancing
•   Hiking, hill walking
•   Skate boarding / ice skating
•   Rollerblading / roller skating
•   Swimming
•   Snowboarding / skiing
•   Shopping

                        Slide 55 (of 106)
    Leisure Activities – Ball sports (noun)
•   Football
•   Hockey
•   Squash
•   Badminton




                    Slide 56 (of 106)
               Leisure Activities
                Fighting (noun)
•   Yoga
•   Karate
•   Boxing (exception)
•   Tae kwon do
•   Wrestling (exception)




                      Slide 57 (of 106)
            Present Participle
• An ‘ing’ word which acts as a verb, but it is not a
  real verb and it is not a Gerund




                      Slide 58 (of 106)
          What are the rules?
– I like going running (Present Participle + Gerund)



– I like playing football (Present Participle)



– I like doing karate (Present Participle)


                      Slide 59 (of 106)
            In the Past Tense
– I liked going running (Present Participle + Gerund)



– I liked playing football (Present Participle)



– I liked doing karate (Present Participle)


                      Slide 60 (of 106)
  In the Present Perfect Tense
– I have liked going running (Present Participle +
  Gerund)



– I have liked playing football (Present Participle)



– I have liked doing karate (Present Participle)

                      Slide 61 (of 106)
          In the Future Tense
– I will like going running (Present Participle + Gerund)



– I will like playing football (Present Participle)



– I will like doing karate (Present Participle)


                       Slide 62 (of 106)
                 Remember
• The Present Participle is only acting as a verb




                      Slide 63 (of 106)
What verbs + Present Participle?




             Slide 64 (of 106)
                       Verbs
•   Like / Dislike
•   Enjoy (genießen)
•   Love
•   Hate




                       Slide 65 (of 106)
               Verbs of Feeling
•   Like / Dislike
•   Enjoy (genießen)
•   Love
•   Hate
•   Adore (über alles lieben)
•   Detest (verabscheuen)



                       Slide 66 (of 106)
          Putting it all together (1)
going running       playing baseball
going shopping      playing American football
going dancing
Like
                                        doing yoga
Dislike
                                        doing karate
Love
Hate
Adore
Detest
Enjoy

                    Slide 67 (of 106)
    Leisure (Freizeit) Activities – Where?
•   Go to the gym / fitness centre
•   Go to the sports centre/ leisure centre
•   Go to the football stadium
•   Go to the park
•   Go to the cinema




                       Slide 68 (of 106)
    Leisure (Freizeit) Activities – Where?
•   Go to the gym / fitness centre
•   Go to the sports centre/ leisure centre
•   Go to the football stadium
•   Go to the park
•   Go to the cinema

    – I like going (Present Participle) to the gym
    – I enjoy going (Present Participle) to the park
                         Slide 69 (of 106)
Where do you like going at weekends?
•   I like going to ice-cafes
•   I like going to the shops
•   I love going to the cinema
•   I enjoy going to my parents’ house
•   I really like going to Italy at weekends
•   I like going to the fitness centre



                        Slide 70 (of 106)
      Leisure Activities – Special
• Go for a run, a jog, a walk
• Go for a beer, a coffee, a pizza
• Go for a cigarette




                      Slide 71 (of 106)
      Leisure Activities – Special
• Go for a run, a jog, a walk
• Go for a beer, a coffee, a pizza
• Go for a cigarette

  – I dislike going (Present Participle) for a run in the
    morning
  – I don’t enjoy drinking (Present Participle) warm
    beer

                        Slide 72 (of 106)
   Who likes/enjoys/dislikes going
• ...... for a run, a jog, a walk?
• ...... for a beer, a coffee, a pizza?
• ...... for a cigarette?




                        Slide 73 (of 106)
When/what time do you like going
• ...... for a run, a jog, a walk?
• ...... for a beer, a coffee, a pizza?
• ...... for a cigarette?




                        Slide 74 (of 106)
             Verbs of feeling + ing
•   I dislike watching “The Boys are Back in Town” (Thin Lizzy)
•   I adore listening to classical music
•   I enjoy playing a musical instrument
•   I enjoy drinking a glass or bottle of red wine
•   I love surfing the Internet
•   I love shopping on the Internet
•   I dislike going shopping with my wife
•   I hate renting DVDs
•   I detest getting up early in the morning
•   I like going to the DVD store and renting the latest movies
•   I like writing love notesSlide 75 (of 106)
    Food: What do you enjoy eating?
•   I like eating spaghetti
•   I dislike eating mushrooms
•   I hate going on a diet
•   I love cooking everything
•   I enjoy having barbeques




                      Slide 76 (of 106)
     Work: What do you like doing?
•   I like drinking coffee
•   I like speaking to my clients
•   I enjoy taking/having a break
•   I dislike planning meetings
•   I like getting money for my work
•   I like drawing on the pc
•   I dislike talking to ........
•   I adore taking bridge days
•   I dislike going on business trips

                        Slide 77 (of 106)
Holidays: Where do you like going?
•   I like going to the North Sea
•   I like going to the Baltic Sea
•   I like going to different places every year
•   I like going to Italy




                        Slide 78 (of 106)
              Family / weekend
•   My daughter likes playing handball
•   My mum likes watching TV
•   My dad likes driving his tractor
•   My step-father loves looking at Ebay
•   My sister enjoys drinking coffee with me
•   My mum loves working in her garden
•   My dad likes cleaning his fish pond

                      Slide 79 (of 106)
    What do you enjoy/dislike doing at
              weekends?
•   I dislike repairing my mother’s car
•   I like flying at weekends
•   I like relaxing in my garden
•   I hate working at weekends
•   I enjoy drinking a glass of wine in my garden
•   I dislike waking up early in the morning
•   I like sleeping in at weekends
•   I love having breakfast with my partner

                       Slide 80 (of 106)
 The questions + present participle
• What kind of music do you enjoy listening to?
• What kind of food do you enjoy cooking?
• What kind of activities do you enjoy doing with
  your friends/ family?
• Do you prefer flying, driving or taking the train to
  your holiday destination?
• Who likes drinking cocktails?


                      Slide 81 (of 106)
                    02 Track 2.mp3




Slide 82 (of 106)
The text for the survey




         Slide 83 (of 106)
Slide 84 (of 106)
Slide 85 (of 106)
              Verb + Object
   I spend + object + ing (Present Participle)

• I spend a lot of time + ing
• I spend too much time + ing

• I don’t spend enough time + ing
• I don’t spend much time + ing

                     Slide 86 (of 106)
           I spend + object + ing
•   Chatting on the phone                  • I spend a lot of time
•   Hanging out with my friends            • I spend too much time
•   Relaxing and doing nothing
•   Watching movies                        • I don’t spend enough time
•   Listening to music                     • I don’t spend much time
•   Playing computer games
•   Pimping my car
•   Using the internet
•   Doing exercise

                       Slide 87 (of 106)
                Adjectives + at
•   I am good at football
•   I am good at baseball
•   I am good at badminton
•   I am not so good at squash
•   I am not very good at table tennis




                       Slide 88 (of 106)
                Adjectives + at
•   I am brilliant at football
•   I am wonderful at baseball
•   I am fantastic at badminton
•   I am awful at squash
•   I am lousy at table tennis




                      Slide 89 (of 106)
         Adverbs + Adjectives + at
•   I am pretty good at football
•   I am really good at baseball
•   I am very good at badminton
•   I am quite good at squash
•   I am rather good at table tennis




                       Slide 90 (of 106)
             Prepositions + ‘ing’
•   I am good at playing football
•   I am good at playing baseball
•   I am good at playing badminton
•   I am not so good at playing squash
•   I am not very good at playing table tennis




                       Slide 91 (of 106)
             Prepositions + ‘ing’’
•   I am brilliant at playing football
•   I am wonderful at playing baseball
•   I am fantastic at playing badminton
•   I am awful at playing squash
•   I am lousy at playing table tennis




                      Slide 92 (of 106)
Adverbs + Adjectives + Preposition + ‘ing’
•   I am pretty good at playing football
•   I am really good at playing baseball
•   I am very good at playing badminton
•   I am quite good at playing squash
•   I am rather good at playing table tennis




                       Slide 93 (of 106)
              Prepositions + ‘ing’
•   Chatting on the phone       • I am good at + ing
•   Hanging out with my friends • I am quite good at + ing
•   Relaxing and doing nothing • I am very good at +ing
•   Watching movies             • I am not so good at + ing
•   Listening to music          • I am not very good at + ing
•   Playing computer games
•   Pimping my car
•   Using the internet
•   Doing exercise

                          Slide 94 (of 106)
                  Into (1.0)
• I am into football
• I am into baseball




                       Slide 95 (of 106)
           Adverbs + into (1.1)
• I am really into football
• I am quite into baseball




                      Slide 96 (of 106)
       Prepositions + ‘ing’ (1.2)
• I am into playing football
• I am really/quite into playing baseball




                     Slide 97 (of 106)
             Interested in (a)
• I am interested in badminton
• I am not interested in squash
• I am interested in table tennis




                     Slide 98 (of 106)
      Adverbs + interested in (b)
• I am rather interested in badminton
• I am not so interested in squash
• I am pretty interested in table tennis




                     Slide 99 (of 106)
         Prepositions + ‘ing’ (c)
• I am interested in playing badminton
• I am not so interested in playing squash
• I am interested in playing table tennis




                     Slide 100 (of 106)
 Adverbs + Prepositions + ‘ing’ (d)
• I am rather interested in playing badminton
• I am not so interested in playing squash
• I am pretty interested in playing table tennis




                     Slide 101 (of 106)
• What are you interested in doing tonight?

• What are you interested in doing after work?

• Where are you interested in going this summer?




                    Slide 102 (of 106)
Slide 103 (of 106)
           Putting it all together (3)
     I like going running          I spend a lot of time + ing
 I like playing ball sports        I spend too much time + ing
      I like doing karate          I don’t spend enough time + ing
Like      Food, holidays, work     I don’t spend much time + ing
Dislike   I am good at + ing                          I am into + ing
Love      I am quite good at + ing                    I am really/quite into +
          I am very good at +ing                                             ing
Hate      I am not so good at + ing
Adore                                                 I like playing the piano
          I am not very good at + ing
                                                      I enjoy eating in/out
Detest
          I am interested in + ing                    I love getting exercise
Enjoy                                                 I hate watching movies
          I am not interested in + ing
Prefer                                                I enjoy reading my joke
          I am pretty interested in + ing
                                 Slide 104 (of 106)                       emails
Slide 105 (of 106)
                     05 Track 5 T1.4.mp3




Slide 106 (of 106)

								
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