SUMMARY RMC STRATEGIC RESEARCH PLAN

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					SUMMARY: RMC STRATEGIC RESEARCH PLAN

1. RMC HISTORY AND MISSION

Founded in 1876, the Royal Military College of Canada is the only federal institution with
degree granting powers. Originally oriented very heavily towards science and engineering,
since WWII it has broadened to cover a wide range of disciplines. Its extraordinary
learning environment has provided Canada with its leaders in the military, education,
industry and public service in a proportion far higher than its size would predict. During
the past quarter century, the increased emphasis upon graduate studies and research at
RMC has resulted in significant leadership in these domains as well. RMC now produces
approximately one graduate degree for every 2 undergraduate degrees awarded, and the
average civilian faculty member at RMC (including arts, science and engineering) attracts
over $120,000 per annum of extramural research funding. The foundations laid by RMC in
creating this environment for learning and scholarship are reflected in its academic mission
statement:
RMC will build on its strengths to rank among the best of national and international
universities recognised for (a) the outstanding quality of undergraduate and postgraduate
students and programs in arts, engineering, science and the military profession; (b) the
intellectual value of scholarship and research by faculty and students; (c) the outstanding
service of Canada’s only “national university” and its graduates to the building of the nation.
While RMC is a component of the Department of National Defence, its research activity is
not confined to work that is of interest to the Canadian Forces or the defence community.
The faculty at RMC are guaranteed academic freedom in their collective agreement with
the Crown. They work on what interests them. Consequently, the research work at RMC
covers a very broad range of interests.

2. PRINCIPLES AND PRIORITIES

The teaching, learning and research environment at the RMC are mutually supportive and
complementary. This is put into effect through a framework of comprehensive planning
that applies to all aspects of life at the university. It is from this framework that the
principles are established to guide the decision making for the institution.

A. Planning Principles: The basic principles for planning at RMC are to promote quality,
to challenge traditional assumptions and ways of doing business, to enhance flexibility and
respond to opportunities, to promote military-civilian interaction, to focus and build on
strengths, to capitalise on synergies, and to develop a spectrum of opportunities compatible
with resources. Recruiting for the first round of Canada Research Chairs was directed
towards external as well as internal candidates, and half of the successful candidates for
first round of those chairs were external. For the second round, all such recruiting is
expected to be external. Advertising will be done in such a way so as to seek out the widest
possible pool to obtain the very best individuals.

B. Priorities: The three priorities for the development of research at RMC are the building
of high quality, world-class research programmes in selected areas of importance to
Canada, the encouragement of national and international collaborations and partnerships,
and the promotion of interdisciplinary co-operation to exploit synergies to the maximum.

3. THEMATIC AREAS OF THE RESEARCH PLAN

Because RMC was originally focussed primarily on technology, there is a long tradition of
cutting edge research in science and engineering. It is our intention that this should persist.
While some topic areas will be focussed on those of high priority for the Department of
National Defence, others are of much broader interest. The emphasis remains on quality.
It is, however, a small institution, and not all fields can be covered; and the limited
resources will be directed to achieve maximum results through interdisciplinary
collaboration and cooperation.

Substantial involvement in research in the humanities, social sciences and applied social
sciences is somewhat more recent, with substantial mass having existed for only about a
generation. Nonetheless, for more than twenty years the Faculty of Arts at RMC has built
its research on its recognized strengths, also unique in Canada. Broadly speaking, it aims to
integrate past and current understandings of security, defence and society by utilizing a
multidisciplinary approach. These strengths flow from its national and international
reputation as a centre of excellence in military history and political studies as they relate to
issues of international security, governance and the economics of defense. More recently,
the Departments of Military Psychology and Leadership and of Business Administration
have added depth to the faculty by providing unique expertise in military psychology,
organization, leadership and management. Culture and media research in the French and
English departments greatly extend the scope of our understanding of civil and military
societies.

In support of this integrated programme, the Faculty of Arts is establishing the Centre for
Security, Armed Forces and Society (CSAS-CESFAS). The intent of this centre is to
provide a focal point for research conducted within the Faculty, to serve as the hub for
connecting academics at RMC with other colleagues, funding organizations and interested
sponsoring agencies. The Centre will also facilitate the transfer of knowledge between the
Department of National Defence, other research institutions, scholars and Canadian civil
society.

Building a research infrastructure that supports the full spectrum of research activities
from the basic science of discovery to application is part of our vision. RMC, as the
“national university”, will continue its tradition of transferring the results of its research in
the areas of science, engineering and technology, the applied and basic social sciences, and
the arts to the government and the people of Canada. The Faculties of Arts, Engineering
and Science have some capacities that are unique in Canada. They combine their special
strengths by co-operating in interdisciplinary research projects, resulting in synergies not
possible without the co-operation.

There are eleven principal thematic areas of research pursued at RMC:
          •   Information Technology, Communications, Microelectronics, Chip
              Technology and Physical Computational Modelling
          •   Environment and Climate
          •   Advanced Materials
          •   Space Mission Science and Remote Sensing
          •   Energy and Alternate Energy Sources
          •   Geo-technical Engineering
          •   Fluid Mechanics and Engineering.
          •   Mathematics and Statistics
          •   Security: Domestic and International
          •   Armed Forces: Military and Peace Operations, Economy of Defence,
              Management, Military Law, Organization, Psychology.
          •   Armed Forces and Society

A. Information Technology, Communications, Microelectronics, Chip Technology and
Physical Computational Modelling

World-class high performance computing resources are in place for RMC researchers
through RMC’s membership in the Eastern Ontario High Performance Computing
Consortium that provides access to the High Performance Computing Virtual Laboratory
(HPCVL). Originally the consortium included RMC, Ottawa, Carleton and Queen’s. More
recently Ryerson has been added.

RMC has built a strong team in software design, management, operation and security, with
emphasis on Command and Control and parallel computing. The internal collaboration
between the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Department of
Mathematics and Computer Science is complemented by outside partnerships through
research contracts within the Department of National Defence by the Defence Research
Establishment (Ottawa), the Land Forces Command, the Directorate of Software
Management and Security for the Canadian Forces, and with the Department of Computer
and Information Science of Queen’s University.

RMC has developed an international reputation in electromagnetic engineering that
encompasses the specialties of communications and data fusion, radar, microwaves,
wireless communication, under water acoustics, signal processing and coding. This area
finds its strength in the collaboration among RMC’s Department of Electrical & Computer
Engineering, RMC’s Department of Physics and Queen’s University’s Department of
Electrical & Computer Engineering. It is supported as well by contracts with Defence
Research Establishments (Halifax, Ottawa), Communications Research Centre (Ottawa),
National Research Council of Canada (Ottawa), and several Directorates within DND.
RMC’s first Canada Research Chair (Tier I) was awarded in 2002 in Electromagnetic
Engineering to Professor Y. Antar, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering.

RMC has established a Centre for Smart Materials and Structures that has collaborations
with the Canadian Smart Materials and Structures Group and international organisations,
and is conducting fundamental, experimental as well as simulation research on structural
health monitoring and smart technologies for civilian (buildings, bridges) and military
applications.

RMC has also assembled a strong research programme in oceanographic numerical
modelling and developing programmes to study both the coastal ocean and large ocean
basins. Studies of the Canadian coastal ocean have included projects in support of the
offices of the Canadian Department of National Defence and of the US Department of
Defence Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) offices and have been conducted in
collaboration with the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), and a number of other
Canadian universities. Large basin studies of the North Pacific Ocean include collaborative
studies of the Earth’s climate, and the development and testing of data assimilation
techniques. These studies make use of large observational arrays, such as the Argo float
programme that supplies temperature and salinity observations from a worldwide array of
submersible floats, and also satellite altimetry observations. This research is supported by
NSERC, the Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospherics Studies (CFCAS), the
Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS) Network and
the Department of National Defence.

In collaboration with the Centre for Space Research, RMC has also developed research
programmes in the area of Ionospheric-Thermospheric-Magnetospheric modelling,
including projects in support of Defence Research Development Canada and the Canadian
Space Agency, involving collaborations with a large number of Canadian and American
universities, Natural Resources Canada as well as international research laboratories such
as the Laboratory of Physics and Chemistry of the Environment (LPCE) and the Centre
for Earth Systems Research (CESR). These studies make use of the European Incoherent
Scatter Radar (EISCAT) which supplies the ionospheric composition, as well as constituent
temperatures and velocities; the Canadian Super Dual Auroral Radar Network
(SuperDARN) which provides information related to electric fields and electric currents
and data from the Fast Auroral Snapshot satellite (FAST), which provides the energy
distribution of the precipitating charged particles. All of this information is used to study
how the ionosphere, thermosphere and magnetosphere respond to various solar and
magnetospheric inputs.

Within this theme are the research areas of microelectronics and chip technology, which
derive their strength from the collaboration with the Canadian Microelectronics Corp.


B. Environment and Climate

Significant steps have been taken by RMC to build a strong foundation for research,
training, and education in environmental sciences and engineering. The Environmental
Sciences Group was established at RMC in 1995 and followed in 1996 by the Analytical
Services Group that supports numerous projects. The interdisciplinary programme in
Environmental Sciences and Engineering was developed in 1999 linking important
elements of the Departments of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering and
Politics & Economics.
The environmental foci include biotechnology, bioanalytical chemistry, bioremediation,
ecological site risk and remediation assessment. RMC has partnerships with Environment
Canada, Canadian Coast Guard, Geological Survey of Canada, Queen’s University and the
Canadian Forces. It is the centre point for the largest environmental remediation project
in Canada, which is to restore the former DEW (Distant Early Warning) sites in the arctic
(1995-2012). RMC has also set up Canada’s largest demonstration project for utilizing
plants to decontaminate soils of heavy metals in a phyto-remediation venture with
Environment Canada. RMC maintains a centre for trace speciation for arsenic and other
metals in concert with NSERC and the University of British Columbia. RMC operates
one of Canada’s leading accredited analytical environmental laboratories. RMC allocated
one of its Tier II Canada Research Chairs in environmental science and engineering in
2003 to Dr. Barbara Zeeb.

The climate foci are in arctic studies and operational oceanographic and meteorological
sciences. The Canadian Arctic is particularly sensitive to global warming. RMC
researchers have participated as principal investigators in the North Water Polynya
Project and are presently members of the Canadian Arctic Shelf Exchange Processes Study
and the Arctic Net Network of Excellence. The principal objectives of these studies have
been the investigation of the physical and biogeochemical interactions of the Arctic Ocean.
Another group uses high frequency wave radar for coastal ice monitoring in the Arctic in
collaboration with DRDC, the Scott Polar Institute of Cambridge University and the
Italian Antarctic Survey. Research partners include scientists from Laval University,
University of Manitoba, University of British Columbia, Dalhousie University, the Bedford
Institute of Oceanography in Halifax and the Institute of Ocean Sciences in Sidney, B.C.


C. Advanced Materials

RMC has built a strong expertise in surface science and catalysts that places it on a par
with a very small number of leaders in this area in the world. The group has developed
innovative catalysts and other new materials to support the efficient production of
alternate energy sources, especially applied to fuel cells, pollution abatement and life
support systems. Partnerships are with the Defence Research Establishments of the
Canadian Department of National Defence, the U.S. Department of Defence, the U.K. and
Australian Ministries of Defence. Collaborative groups include Gore Industries, Questair
Industries, Batelle, and 3M. The RMC laboratories are one of two in North America and
four in the world able to carry out this work.

RMC has developed research in non-destructive evaluation (NDE) with capabilities in eddy
current, ultrasonic and magnetic testing, neutron radiography, corrosion resistance in
metals, and infrared thermography, with unique research facilities including a
SLOWPOKE-2 nuclear reactor for neutron radiography and a triple axis scanner for eddy
current and ultrasonic examination of materials. The research carried out in the RMC
Departments of Physics, of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and of Mechanical
Engineering includes support from the Canadian Forces (CF), CF Aerospace and
Telecommunications Engineering Support Squadron (ATESS), and the National Research
Council (NRC)). The NDE group collaborates with NRC Ottawa, ATESS Trenton, Atomic
Energy of Canada Ltd. (AECL) and Queen’s University at Kingston.

Research is strong in the area of materials and manufacturing to encompass polymerics,
piezoelectrics, thin films, fast-ion conductors, corrosion, knowledge based systems, optically
responsive polymers for electro-optic devices and their applications. There is strong
interdisciplinary cooperation among the RMC Departments of Chemistry and Chemical
Engineering, of Mechanical Engineering, and of Physics. This strength of the Faculty has
resulted in partnership with Queen’s University and the Centre for Advanced Materials
and Manufacturing and funding support from the Ontario Research and Development
Challenge Fund, Canada Foundation for Innovation and NSERC. The extensive
interdisciplinary collaboration involves six university departments viz. RMC’s
Departments of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, of Mechanical Engineering, of Physics
and Queen’s Departments of Chemical Engineering, of Chemistry, and of Mechanical
Engineering. Collaborators include the Canadian Navy, U.S. Navy, the ASTM, and
Canadian industry that includes Decoma part of the Magna group. In 2003, a Canada
Research Chair (Tier II) in ‘Polymer Processing and Joining’ was awarded to Dr. Phil
Bates in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.

RMC is a Canadian leader in the application of advanced materials for civil engineering
structures. Work in the strengthening of structures and the development of temporary
lightweight structures has been a focus of research since 1992. Collaborations with the
Canadian Network of Centre of Excellence, ISIS, and its partners are particularly strong.
The group has had major input for new construction and repair using advanced materials
in the latest edition of the Canadian Standards Association’s Canadian Highway Bridge
Design Code.


D. Space Mission Science and Remote Sensing

This encompassing research theme has two major components that are carried out by
researchers in the Departments of Physics, of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, of
Mathematics and Computer Science and of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Space Mission Science: Over the last decade, RMC’s Space Surveillance Research and
Analysis Laboratory (SSRAL) has been developing hardware and software dedicated to the
optical ground-based tracking of Resident Space Objects such as satellites, and orbital
debris. This research and development work has resulted in the construction of a
prototype optical ground based satellite surveillance system that became the equipment
baseline for the Department of National Defence Concept Demonstrator surveillance
network constructed by Defence Research Development Canada Ottawa. This network is
currently being used by both RMC and DRDC Ottawa in the investigation into data
acquisition and analysis, networking issues and information transfer issues. Results from
this investigation are used to establish the data handling capabilities and to ensure
procedures are in place prior to the launch of Project SAPPHIRE, the first surveillance of
space from space satellite by the Department of National Defence. These data are intended
for use by the US Air Force Space Surveillance Network and will augment current NORAD
aerospace surveillance capabilities. In addition to Project SAPPHIRE, the Department of
National Defence is also investigating the use of a smaller satellite (i.e., microsatellite) for
satellite and asteroid tracking from space - NEOSSAT. The design and construction of this
satellite is currently underway and SSRAL is participating with DRDC Ottawa and DRDC
Valcartier in the review of the NEOSSAT technical specifications as part of the Science.

In addition to the above, SSRAL and the RMC Centre for Space Research have, in
collaboration with DRDC Ottawa, and University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace
Studies (UTIAS), begun the design and construction of a payload for a future microsatellite
in the UTIAS CANX series. The data from this payload will be used to study the neutral
density component of the ionosphere.

Remote Sensing: There is a long history of RMC Physics research into applications of space
borne synthetic aperture radar. From the early 1990’s, with participation in Ocean Wave
Spectrum Calibration/Validation studies for the European Space Agency’s ERS-1 and
ERS-2 satellites, through initial evaluation of the Canadian Satellite Radarsat-1 for target
detection and for logistic support for Canadian Forces operations in Africa, into the
current work on identification and delineation of prairie landscapes in preparation for the
launch of Radarsat-2. Partners in these projects have included NASA, the European Space
Agency, the Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University, DND, the Canadian
Space Agency, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, the Canadian Forest Service and
Agriculture/Agrifoods Canada. This work is continuing with approved projects from the
Canadian Space Agency to examine Radarsat-2 imagery over Canadian Forces Base (CFB)
Shilo and CFB Petawawa. Environmental assessment using satellite imagery in the visible
and near-infrared atmospheric windows is a continuing research thrust of RMC’s
Departments of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and of Physics. Significant success
has been achieved in monitoring changes in vegetation on large prairie Canadian Forces
bases. This programme is continuing with incorporation of satellite radar data into the
imagery database upon which the assessments are made.

RMC also exploits remote sensing techniques and technologies to explore the physical
properties of distant stars in its research programme of Astrophysical Spectroscopy. One
aspect of this research is the use of established national and international optical telescopes
and spectropolarimetric instrumentation (the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope and
ESPaDOnS instrument, the European Southern Observatory Very Large Telescopes and
VLT instrument) to explore the structure, origin, evolution and impact of magnetic fields
in stars. A second aspect of this research is the development and calibration of
instrumentation and sensors for such studies. Astrophysical remote sensing at RMC is
intensely collaborative on national and international levels, involving active participation of
investigators at Queen’s University, Laval University, University of Western Ontario,
Observatoire de Paris LESIA and Observatoire Midi-Pyrenees (France), ESO, Armagh
Observatory (Northern Ireland), University of Vienna, Special Astrophysical Observatory
(Russia), and others.
E. Energy and Alternate Energy Sources

A strong research programme has been built at RMC in alternate energy sources,
including fuel cells and nuclear. The fundamental work on the fuel processing of
hydrocarbons to produce a hydrogen rich gas capable of being fed to fuel cells has made it
unique in Canada for the expertise in power production for fuel cell systems. RMC acts as
the Scientific Authority to oversee the next generation of fuel-cell research for the
Canadian Navy. Collaborations and partnerships are in place for the main portable power
systems and small portable engines with the Ministry of Defence in the U.K. and the
Department of Defence in the U.S.A. The applications of these developments in power
production are developed by collaboration with the RMC Departments of Chemistry and
Chemical Engineering and of Electrical & Computer Engineering. A joint Queen’s
University- RMC Fuel Cell Research Centre has been established supported by a joint
multi-million grant from the Ontario Research Foundation and support from the Canada
Foundation for Innovation. The nuclear research encompasses nuclear fuel and fission
product release behaviour, thermodynamics of nuclear materials, as well as nuclear fuel
management and fuel cycle optimisation. This research is supported with funding from
NSERC, the CANDU Owners Group (COG) and the Director General of Nuclear Safety.


F. Geotechnical Engineering

RMC has developed a strong research group in the area of geotechnical engineering with
special expertise in the areas of geosynthetics engineering, earthquake engineering, and
unsaturated soil mechanics. The group has a large-scale indoor test facility that is unique in
the world and is used to construct and test full-scale earth structures to failure and the
largest shaking table apparatus in Canada used to investigate the response of earth
structures to earthquake. Numerous national and international awards have been received
for this work on reinforced soil retaining walls. Research funding has come from NSERC,
Canada Foundation for Innovation, Department of National Defence, industry, Ministry of
Transportation of Ontario and departments of transportation in eleven of the states of the
USA. The group has collaborations with researchers and agencies in five countries. The
group also works closely with the Environmental Sciences Group at RMC by providing
engineering support for DND infrastructure in northern permafrost areas and the
remediation and containment of waste and contaminated ground in the Arctic. Additional
research is being carried out in the area of unsaturated soil mechanics as it relates to soil-
geosynthetic interaction and the sub-surface storage of spent uranium fuel. Additional
ongoing work involves the design and construction of expedient flood control embankments
in the Canadian Prairie Provinces being carried out with collaborators at the University of
Manitoba. The group is part of the GeoEngineering Centre at Queen’s-RMC, which is the
top geotechnical and geoenvironmental research centre in Canada and they work closely
with Queen’s colleagues to collaborate on funded projects related to geosynthetics testing
and applications. The premiere peer-reviewed technical journal in the world on
geosynthetics (Geosynthetics International) is edited by the leader of the geotechnical
research group at RMC, past President of the International Geosynthetics Society and the
North American Geosynthetics Society.


G. Fluid Mechanics and Engineering

Production of Power in Flight: Research underway includes novel flight methods,
instrumentation, the exploration of low speed or high altitude aerodynamics, aeroelasticity
and the interaction of fluid with structures especially the wear characteristics of bearings
in machinery. This activity has led to extensive collaboration at the national and
international levels via the Canadian Space Agency, the Canadian Department of National
Defence especially for unmanned air vehicles, The Technical Cooperation Programme
(TTCP) with the U.S.A., U.K., and Australia particularly for aircraft flutter and limit cycle
oscillations.

Gas Turbines: This research involves the use of the jet cell at RMC, which is currently
being re-located and upgraded and which is Canada’s only such university located facility.
There is a history of such work here, which has led to partnerships with the Canadian Air
Force, Pratt & Whitney Canada Limited, and with the Standard Aero Limited. Current
developments in this area are providing important experimental data for prognostics and
health monitoring. To complement and enhance RMC’s experimental strengths, RMC has
nominated a candidate for a Canada Research Chair Tier II with expertise in modelling the
transitional and turbulent boundary layers and simulating numerically flow in turbo
machinery.


H. Mathematics and Statistics

Pure Mathematics: Researchers in the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
are making significant contributions in Analysis, Algebra, Discrete Mathematics, Multi-
valued Logic, and Graph Theory. The group has developed considerable expertise in
Optimization theory and promotes research and teaching in the domains of Conflict
Analysis, and Multi-Criteria Optimization. The expertise in Number Theory is being used
in the development of a promising component involved in Cryptography. Graph Theory is
also one of the domains of expertise with important applications in schedule planning and
communication networks.

Operations Research: RMC has assembled an interdisciplinary research team that applies
advanced analytical methods to help make better decisions in a variety of areas of
engineering, business, military operations, specifically in telecommunication systems,
traffic flow, manufacturing processes, airport traffic and scheduling. Researchers in the
RMC Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, of Business Administration, and
of Politics and Economics have established collaborations with departments at Queen's
University and carry out research in cooperation with the Department of National Defence,
the Operations Research group within Defence Research Development Canada Ottawa,
various military directorates to include the Director General Aerospace Engineering
Programme Management, and Director General Land Engineering Programme
Management.


I. Security: Domestic and International

In 2003, RMC began work in the assessment and strengthening of structures subjected to
blast loading. This timely research has huge potential for growth, owing to a large demand
for information, education and guidelines in this area. RMC’s unique connection to the
military, federal governments and research experience with extreme loadings and
structural strengthening makes it an ideal location for the establishment of a Centre of
Excellence in the area of extreme loading (blast) on structures. Potential for
interdisciplinary work with the Geo-technical Engineering will significantly complement
the research potential in this area. Timing for this effort is ideal because extensive funding
will likely become available within the military and from the upcoming Public Security
Technical Program. One of the principal client groups of this research area is the Military
Engineering Community in Canada. Current collaborations are underway with structural
engineering researchers in the Department of Civil Engineering at Queen’s University, the
University of Calgary, Defence Research Development Canada (Suffield), the Canadian
Explosives Research Laboratory, the Universitat de Bundeswehr Munchen, and
Pennsylvania State University.

RMC is part of Canada's Security and Defence Forum, a network of Centres for
International Relations at Canadian Universities and is a contributor to the NATO
Partnership for Peace Consortium of Defence Academics and Institutes for Strategic
Studies. RMC holds a Canada Research Chair in International Relations and Security
Studies awarded during 2004 to Dr. Boulden (Tier II). Its research focus is on
peacekeeping and peacemaking through studies on comparative government, international
relations and ethical conduct in conflict.

A significant area of research involves the protection of personnel against Chemical
Biological Radio Nuclear (CBRN) agents, both for civilian and military use, domestically
and internationally. Specific activities include: development of the concept of operations in
contaminated areas, response and readiness plans; developing and validating national and
international requirements, standards, and test methods; understanding the implication of
decontamination on personal protection; and understanding and designing new methods,
materials, concepts and items for providing protection.


J. Armed Forces: Military and Peace Operations, Economy of Defence, Management,
Military Law, Organization, Psychology, Tradition and Culture of the Military.

In addition to conducting joint research projects with agencies such as the Directorate of
History and Heritage and the Canadian War Museum, academics pursue collaborations
with colleagues facilitated through international research networks and, in particular,
draw on the fact that the current chair of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces
and Society is a member of the professoriate. In support of this research focus, the
university plans to nominate a Canada Research Chair Tier II in Military Sociology.


K. Armed Forces and Society

Here the focus is on Civil-Military relations, taken in the widest possible sense. The
relationships between Armed Forces and civil society are studied, how militaries relate to
the civilian leadership and what role the media play in informing the public about military
matters. Our research draws upon our expertise in History, politics, economics and
management. The important dimension of literature, art and culture is also part of this
effort to understand military and civilian societies and how they relate to each other.


4. CONCLUSIONS

The areas of strength described above in the Strategic Research Plan have arisen partly as
a result of the staff interests, since they are guaranteed academic freedom, and partly due
to steering the work in a direction that conforms to the overall vision of what makes a
coherent whole for a federal university with a keen interest in security, international order,
support for peace, force projection and coping with risks or disasters within our own
society. The steering is accomplished by strong funding incentives from internal sources
and a hiring policy that feeds into our strengths.




7345-1.151 (DGSR)
24 Jan 07