The 9 Essential Skills by dfsdf224s

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									                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
    Essential Skills & Human Resources                                                                 ___________________________________ 
                               Using Job Analyses and Profiles
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
                                                                                     Audrey Bessette




 
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 

      The 9 Essential Skills                                                                           ___________________________________ 

             reading text                                                                              ___________________________________ 
             document use
             writing                                                                                   ___________________________________ 
             numeracy (math)
             computer use
             continuous learning                                                                       ___________________________________ 
             working with others
             oral communications
             thinking skills – problem solving, decision making, job task                              ___________________________________ 
             planning and organizing, significant use of memory, finding
             information
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
       www.hrsdc-rhdcc.gc.ca/essentialskills




 

        “How important is it that the employees have skills in…/
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
        How would you rate the level of employees’ skills in…?”
                                                                                           GAP         ___________________________________ 
                       Oral communication                                    92%            14%
                                                                         78%
                       Working with others                                   91%
                                                                           85%              6%         ___________________________________ 
                                                                            87%
                             Thinking skills                                                23%

                               Reading text
                                                                      64%
                                                                        74%                 5%
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
                                                                       69%
                                                                        73%
    Ability to engage in continuous learning                          65%
                                                                      65%
                                                                                            8%
                                                                                                       ___________________________________ 
                           Numeracy/math                           54%                      11%

                          Using documents                        49%
                                                                  50%                       -1%        ___________________________________ 
                                    Writing                      48%                        1%
                                                                47%
                             Computer use                       45%
                                                                46%                         -1%        ___________________________________ 
                                           0%      20%    40%     60%   80%   100%

    EKOS Research                              Importance of skills
    2007 - HRSDC                               Employee rating
                             n=1500              % high (4-5)

 




                                                      Determining and Addressing Workplace Need (DAWN). Appendix II. Essential Skills Presentation
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
                                                                      ___________________________________ 

        First steps …                                                 ___________________________________ 
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
                            Job Analyses                              ___________________________________ 



 
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
    What is a Job Analysis?                                           ___________________________________ 
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
    • A Job Analysis is a process used to
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
      determine specific tasks, competencies,
      tools, materials, etc. used in performing a                     ___________________________________ 
      job to organizational standards.
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
                                                                      ___________________________________ 



 
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
    What are the purposes of a Job
    Analysis?                                                         ___________________________________ 
    •   There are many purposes for performing job analysis           ___________________________________ 
        within an organization.

    •   Training
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
    •   Selection
    •   Assessment
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
    •   Performance management and more
                                                                      ___________________________________ 
    •    Supervisors and employees can clearly see how jobs
        are to be performed, therefore increasing consistency,        ___________________________________ 
        efficiency and accountability.




 




                                  Determining and Addressing Workplace Need (DAWN). Appendix II. Essential Skills Presentation
                                                             ___________________________________ 
    What are the potential
    products of a Job Analysis?                              ___________________________________ 
    • Job descriptions                                       ___________________________________ 
    • Essential Skills necessary to perform a
                                                             ___________________________________ 
      job task correctly
    • Machines, tools, equipment and job aids                ___________________________________ 
      specific to the job
                                                             ___________________________________ 
    • Measurable performance indicators
      (competencies) for employee                            ___________________________________ 
      development or performance
      management

 
                                                             ___________________________________ 
    What are the potential
    products of a Job Analysis?                              ___________________________________ 
                                                             ___________________________________ 
    • Training guides specific to the job
                                                             ___________________________________ 
    • Assessment tools to identify performance
      gaps or prior learning                                 ___________________________________ 
    • Recruiting standards, such as specific
                                                             ___________________________________ 
      interview questions
    • Procedures and policy development for a                ___________________________________ 
      job


 
                                                             ___________________________________ 
    How can we implement Job
    Analysis?                                                ___________________________________ 
                                                             ___________________________________ 
    • Survey
                                                             ___________________________________ 

    • Observation                                            ___________________________________ 
                                                             ___________________________________ 
    • Interview
                                                             ___________________________________ 
    • Procedure

 




                         Determining and Addressing Workplace Need (DAWN). Appendix II. Essential Skills Presentation
                                                                                          ___________________________________ 
                                                                                          ___________________________________ 
                                                                                          ___________________________________ 

Next Steps …                                                                              ___________________________________ 
                                                                                          ___________________________________ 
                                                                                          ___________________________________ 
                                       Job Profiles                                       ___________________________________ 


                                                                                       

                                                                                          ___________________________________ 

ES in Job Profiles                                                                        ___________________________________ 
•   Essential Skills are the foundation skills for all                                    ___________________________________ 
    tasks.
•   Complexity levels (1-5) provide flexibility and
    better comprehension of tasks required.                                               ___________________________________ 
                                                                                          ___________________________________ 
                                      Expectations


                                                                                          ___________________________________ 
                                   Technical Skills
                                                                                          ___________________________________ 
                                   Essential Skills
                reading, writing, document use, numeracy, computer use,
        continuous learning, working w/ others, oral communication, thinking skills




                                                                                       

                                                                                          ___________________________________ 

Clear expectations                                                                        ___________________________________ 
                                                                                          ___________________________________ 
• For hiring to be efficient,
  expectations from both the employer                                                     ___________________________________ 
  and the employee must be clearly
  defined.                                                                                ___________________________________ 
                                                                                          ___________________________________ 
• Unless Essential Skills are carefully
  considered, NO job is fully defined.                                                    ___________________________________ 


                                                                                       




                                             Determining and Addressing Workplace Need (DAWN). Appendix II. Essential Skills Presentation
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 

    Benefits to Hiring Process                                                       ___________________________________ 

     • Defines expectations more clearly
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
     • Maximizes efficiency of the hiring process
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
     • Reduces training time
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
     • Increases new employee productivity level
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
     • Increases retention


                                                                                  

                                                                                     ___________________________________ 

    Other Benefits                                                                   ___________________________________ 
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
    • Clearly defined job profiles allow
      existing employees to challenge new                                            ___________________________________ 
      job openings.
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
    • Can be combined with a job passport                                            ___________________________________ 
      or portfolio for increased clarity of
      employee skills and employer                                                   ___________________________________ 
      expectations.

                                                                                  

                                                                                     ___________________________________ 

    Ready Resources                                                                  ___________________________________ 
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
    • HRSDC Reader’s Guide to Job
      Profiles                                                                       ___________________________________ 
    http://srv108.services.gc.ca/english/general/readers_guide_whole.shtml#top

                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
    • HRSDC database of job profiles
    http://srv108.services.gc.ca/english/general/search_e.shtml
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 
                                                                                     ___________________________________ 


                                                                                  

 




                                              Determining and Addressing Workplace Need (DAWN). Appendix II. Essential Skills Presentation

								
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