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					                              Appendix C


                             VALUES




MEN270-N-REP -0002, Rev. 0
9 May, 2003
                                                                                                Moyne Stormwater Management Plan
                                                                                                  Appendix C Values-SUMMARY


                                                                                Catchments




                                                                                                            Peterborough




                                                                                                                               Peterborough
                                                 Koroit Murray



                                                                 Koroit Tower




                                                                                                                               Curdies Inlet
                                                                                              Moyne River


                                                                                                              Southern
                                                                                                               Ocean
                                                                                 Port Fairy



                                                                                              Port Fairy
                                                                                 Southern
                                      Mortlake




                                                                 Hill Lake
Values




                                                                                 Ocean
                                                 Brook
                In-stream habitat      2             1               4               3            2              3             4
Environment
                Riparian habitat       2             1               4               3            2              3             3

                Recreation             1             1               4               4            4              4             4
Amenity
                Landscape              1             1               4               4            4              4             3

                Indigenous
                                       3             2               4               3            2              4             4
                heritage
Cultural
                European heritage      1             1               3               3            4              3             2

                Conveyance             2             2               2               2            2              1             2
Stormwater
                Water Treatment        1             2               2               2            1              2             1

                Property and
                                       2             1               4               4            4              4             3
                tourism
Economic
                Extraction and use     1             1               0               3            4              3             1




                Key:
                0 - Non-existent or
                 negligible value
                    1 - low value

                2 - moderate value

                   3 - high value

                4 - very high value




Appendix C ValuesSUMMARY                                                                                                   1                   9/05/2003
                                                               Moyne Stormwater Management Plan
                                                                  Appendix C Values-Mortlake


Mortlake                                                                                   VALUES                                                              RATING

                                    Mortlake drains, via open drainage channels, to Winnidad/Stony Creek and to Blind Creek, both of which are
                                    tributaries of the Hopkins River. The Hopkins River and many of its tributaries are in poor condition with high nutrient
                                    levels from agricultural runoff, sewerage and waste water (GHCMA Regional Catchment Strategy, 2002 ). Migratory
                     In-stream      fish species are present in the Blind Creek/Stony Creek catchments (GHCMA River Health Strategy-Agency
                                                                                                                                                                 2
                     Habitat        Exposure Draft, 2002). While the Stony and Blind Creek subcatchments have limited in-stream habitat value, the
                                    Hopkins River provides important habitat, with the river having a "diverse and expected natural range of
Environment                         macroinvertebrate families present" (GHCMA River Health Strategy-Agency Exposure Draft, 2002)

                                    The riparian habitat in much of the Hopkins Basin is degraded (GHCMA Regional Catchment Strategy, 2002) with all
                                    but a small section of the Basin cleared for agriculture (GHCMA Health of the Catchment Report, 2002). Field
                     Riparian
                                    inspections have shown that the riparian vegetation around Mortlake is largely pasture. There are some areas of              2
                     Habitat        native grasslands in the Blind Creek/Stony Creek area (GHCMA River Health Strategy-Agency Exposure Draft,
                                    2002).
                                    The drains leading to Winnidad, Blind and Stony creeks have no recreation value, as they occur in open pasture
                     Recreation     land. The creeks themselves have little recreational value as they occur largely within private land and are                 1
                                    inaccessable to the broader community.
Amenity
                                    Winnidad, Blind Creek and Stony Creeks provide little landscape value for Mortlake as they are not in the urban area
                     Landscape      of the town. The drains leading to the creeks have little landscape value, as they are difficult to distinguish from the     1
                                    pasture land they flow through.
                                    There are many reminders of extensive Aboriginal occupation in the area as a whole (e.g. artefact scatters, rock
                     Indigenous     paintings, fish traps and scar trees) (GHCMA Regional Catchment Strategy, 2002). The reaches of the Blind Creek
                                                                                                                                                                 3
                     Heritage       sub-catchment are of high cultural significance (River Health Strategy-Agency Exposure Draft 2002).
Cultural
                     European       The receiving waterways are part of the old Stony Creek drainage scheme. Overall though, there appears to be little
                                    European heritage value associated with the drains themselves or with the creeks.                                            1
                     Heritage
                     Conveyance     The open drains convey stormwater away from the township, thereby assisting with flood mitigation.                           2
Stormwater           Water          The open drains offer minimal water treatment. Some sediment settling will occur in these channels.
                                                                                                                                                                 1
                     Treatment
                     Property &     The open drainage channels and creeks have no tourism values. The proximity of drains and creeks may increase
                                    the values of rural properties.                                                                                              2
                     Tourism
Economic                            There are a number of stock and irrigation licences for water use in the area (GHCMA River Health Strategy-Agency
                     Extraction &
                                    Exposure Draft, 2002), however, these are likely to be bore licences and there is no extraction and use of water from        1
                     Use            the drainage channels near the town.




Appendix C ValuesMortlake                                                         2                                                                             9/05/2003
                                                                  Moyne Stormwater Management Plan
                                                                 Appendix C Values-Koroit Murray Brook


Koroit Murray Brook                                                                           VALUES                                                              RATING

                                       Murray Brook is a small stream flowing through agricultural fields (pasture) in the west of Koroit. The brook has little
                     In-stream
                                       in-stream habitat as the bed consists predominantly of introduced pasture, with small areas of reeds in particularly         1
                     Habitat           wet pools.
Environment
                     Riparian          The riparian zone of Murray Brook is predominantly introduced pasture, with has little habitat value for native species.
                                                                                                                                                                    1
                     Habitat
                                       Murray Brook flows through privately owned agricultural land and as such has little recreational value for the
                     Recreation                                                                                                                                     1
                                       community.
Amenity
                                       Murray Brook provides little natural landscape value for the area as it is largely inaccessible to the broader
                     Landscape                                                                                                                                      1
                                       community and has little intact riparian zone.
                                       There are many reminders of extensive Aboriginal occupation in the area as a whole (e.g. artefact scatters, rock
                                       paintings, fish traps and scar trees) (GHCMA Regional Catchment Strategy, 2002). Given the heavy agricultural use
                     Indigenous
                                       in the area adjacent to Murray Brook there are unlikely to be any undisturbed significant sites, however, this can only      2
                     Heritage          be determined through archaeological survey (Pers. Comm. Neil Martin, Framlingham Aboriginal Trust, December
Cultural
                                       2002).
                     European          The area surrounding Murray Brook has been associated with farming for many generations, however, there is no
                                       great European heritage significance associated with the brook.                                                              1
                     Heritage
                                       Murray Brook plays a role in conveying stormwater not only from the town of Koroit, but also from surrounding
                     Conveyance                                                                                                                                     2
                                       farmland.
Stormwater                             The grass lined, and occasionally reed lined, bed of Murray Brook would aid in sediment settling, however the water
                     Water
                                       treatment function of the brook would not be significant.                                                                    2
                     Treatment
                     Property &        Murray Brook provides no tourism value and it is expected that it would provide limited value to properties in the area,
                                       given that there are many similar small streams in the area.                                                                 1
                     Tourism
Economic
                     Extraction &      Anecdotal evidence suggests that Murray Brook may be used occasionally for agricultural purposes.
                                                                                                                                                                    1
                     Use




Appendix C ValuesKoroit Murray Brook                                                 3                                                                             9/05/2003
                                                            Moyne Stormwater Management Plan
                                                           Appendix C Values-Koroit Tower Hill Lake


Koroit Tower Hill Lake                                                                    VALUES

                                   The Tower Hill Lake is a nationally important system of permanent brackish wetlands formed in a complex of volcanic
                                   craters. The wetlands are of high value for avifauna and invertebrates and provide habitat for threatened species
                                   including the Magpie Goose, Freckled Duck, Australasian Bittern and Little Bittern (Dixon, 2002). Sixty-three
                  In-stream
                                   Waterbirds species have been recorded, including eleven species listed by both the China-Australia Migratory Birds
                  Habitat
                                   Agreement (CAMBA) and Japan-Australia Migratory Birds Agreement (JAMBA). The wetlands also support four Flora
Environment                        and Fauna Garuntee Act listed species and the nationally threatened Warty Bell Frog (GHCMA Health of the
                                   Catchment Report, 2002).
                                   The Tower Hill Reserve provides habitat to koalas, emus, kangaroos, echidnas and possums and many types of birds
                  Riparian         (Parks Victoria fact sheet). The riparian zone includes pondweed, club sedge and commm reed, which are important
                  Habitat          components of the wetland (Dixon, 2002) and Manna Gum, Blackwood, Wattle, Swamp Gum and Drooping Sheoak.

                                   Tower Hill has many walking tracks, picnic grounds and a natural history display and is an important recreational site
                  Recreation
                                   for the area. It also has value as an educational facility for students of the region.
                                   Tower Hill Lake offers spectactular views from a variety of vantage points around the crater rim and also has high
Amenity                            landscape value within the crater itself. The wetland and bush landscapes offer excellent natural amenity to both
                  Landscape        locals and tourists. The area is in an easily accessable, central part of the Shire. Landscape and scenic values
                                   associated with the lake are listed by the National Trust of Australia and the Register of the National Estate (SGS
                                   Economics and Planning, 2002).
                  Indigenous       The local Aboriginal people are known as the Koroitgundidj people. The area was rich in resources and the
                  Heritage         descendants of the original inhabitants retain special links with the area (Parks Victoria factsheet).

Cultural                           Tower Hill State Game Reserve was Victoria's first National Park, declared in 1892. It was originally cleared for
                  European         grazing in the 19th century and in the 1950s volunteers began replanting the area. The area has cultural and social
                  Heritage         values relating to the major revegetation program which involved thousands of volunteers and was one of the first and
                                   most ambitious projects of this type in Victoria (SGS Economics and Planning, 2002).
                                   Tower Hill Lake has importance as a receiver of stormwater that is conveyed via a large tunnel discharging to the lake.
                  Conveyance       The tunnel is important for flood mitigation in the town, with stormwater infrastructure recently upgraded in Koroit to
Stormwater                         alleviate flooding.
                  Water            The wetlands are expected to have a positive impact on water quality, although there is little information available
                  Treatment        regarding this function.
                                   The Tower Hill State Game Reserve is an important tourism attraction for the region, attracting approximately 200,000
                  Property &
                                   people per year. There is anecdotal evidence to suggest that private properties near the crater rim benefit from
                  Tourism
Economic                           increases in property values.
                  Extraction &     Water is not extracted from the lake, howver there are some bore licences in the area.
                  Use



Appendix C ValuesKoroit Tower Hill Lake                                         4                                                                            9/05/2003
                                                                           Moyne Stormwater Management Plan
                                                                        Appendix C Values-Port Fairy Southern Ocean



Port Fairy Southern Ocean                                                                           VALUES                                                              RATING

                                             The western part of Port Fairy drains to the Southern Ocean, with a proportion of the runoff discharging via the
                                             Powling Street wetlands. Twenty-two native bird species have been noted at the wetlands, including Snipe and the
                                             Great Egret, which is listed as vulnerable under the Flora and Fauna Garuntee Act 1988 (Dowling, 2000). Lathams
                     In-stream               Snipe is also present, which is listed under the JAMBA and CAMBA agreements (Dowling, 2000)and frogs, lizards
                                                                                                                                                                          3
                     Habitat                 and other organisms are present, although there is limited information regarding species or numbers. The Southern
                                             Ocean has deep, cold waters and a range of marine flora and fauna that are biologically diverse as is typical of cold
                                             water habitats (GHCMA, Regional Catchment Strategy, 2002). Species present in the South Beach area include
Environment
                                             abalone, crayfish and many fish species.
                                             The Powling Street wetland area has 28 native plant species and 21 environmental weed species present (Dowling,
                                             2000). The riparian zone is of local significance because so little native vegetation remains in the area. The coast
                     Riparian                around Port Fairy is part of important coastal complex of vegetation (GHCMA Nutrient Management Plan, 2002) and
                                                                                                                                                                          3
                     Habitat                 has extensive dunes and rocky outcrops. Remnant salt marshes occur adjacent to the ocean and are of significant
                                             environmental value (Moyne Shire Coastal Action Plan, 2001). Griffiths Island is home to a short-tailed Shearwater
                                             colony, a species that is protected in Victoria.
                                             The ocean is an important recreational resource with sailing, both recreational and racing, and other activities
                                             associated with the ocean such as swimming, surfing, diving and fishing common in the area. The area surrounding
                     Recreation                                                                                                                                           4
                                             the Powling Street wetland is used extensively for birdwatching, walking and cycling (Dowling, 2002).
Amenity
                                             The ocean at Port Fairy provides an enjoyable landscape for residents and visitors, with the lighthouse and Griffith
                     Landscape               Island being significant visual landscape interest points. Surveys have shown that the Powling Street wetland area is        4
                                             used extensively for visual enjoyment and relaxation (Dowling, 2000).
                                             Port Fairy is within the traditional lands of the Peek Wurrong people (Dowling, 2000). Aboriginal Affairs Victoria has
                                             registered a large number of shell middens, burial sites and formal meeting places along the Moyne Coast,
                     Indigenous
                                             particularly in the first 200-300m from the coast inland (Moyne Shire Coastal Action Plan, 2001). Griffiths Island and       3
                     Heritage                the South Beach area have numerous significant sites (Pers. Comm. Neil Martin-Framlingham Aboriginal Trust,
Cultural                                     December 2002).
                                             Port Fairy was first settled by Europeans in 1835 ( Dowling, 2000). Residents have a strong affiliation with both the
                     European                Powling Street wetland area (Dowling, 2000) and the Southern Ocean. The first inhabitants were sealers and
                                                                                                                                                                          3
                     Heritage                whalers, hence strong ties with the sea. The lighthouse was built in 1859 of local bluestone. There are several
                                             shipwrecks at Port Fairy, the most noted the "Thistle" wrecked in 1837.
                                             The Powling Street wetlands and the ocean convey receive stormwater that is conveyed away from the township of
                     Conveyance                                                                                                                                           2
                                             Port Fairy. Without this conveyance function flooding may be a problem in the township.
Stormwater                                   The Powling Street wetlands provide minimal water treatment function, however this may improve with the
                     Water
                                             rehabilitation works that are planned for the future.                                                                        2
                     Treatment
                                             The Powling Street wetland area provides a vista for nearby residents that is thought to increase property values in
                     Property &
                                             the area, while the ocean is an important tourism feature for the town of Port Fairy and properties in the vicinity have     4
                     Tourism                 increased value.
Economic
                     Extraction &            The wetlands and ocean have no extraction value, however the ocean is an important fishing ground and therefore
                                             has economic value.                                                                                                          3
                     Use



Appendix C ValuesPort Fairy Southern Ocean                                                      5                                                                                9/05/2003
                                                                     Moyne Stormwater Management Plan
                                                                   Appendix C Values-Port Fairy Moyne River


Port Fairy Moyne River                                                                           VALUES                                                               RATING

                                          The Moyne River is generally degraded with respect to salinity and nutrient enrichment (GHCMA Regional Catchment
                      In-stream           Strategy, 2002), however it has been noted that a diverse and expected range of macroinvertebrates are present
                                                                                                                                                                        2
                      Habitat             (River Health Strategy-Agency Exposure Draft, 2002). Waterbirds feed in the mud flats of the river during low tide.
Environment
                                          The Moyne River has negligible riparian vegetation (GHCMA Regional Catchment Strategy, 2002). This is particularly
                      Riparian
                                          so in Port Fairy where the river banks contain housing and open space areas. However there is an area of salt                 2
                      Habitat             marsh riparian zone near the river.
                                          The Moyne River provides recreational opportunities in the form of walking, fishing and pleasure boating. There are
                      Recreation                                                                                                                                        4
                                          also several picnic and open space facilities along the river.
Amenity
                                          The Moyne River is a scenic place that is enjoyed by locals and tourists. The boats and wharf area are particularly
                      Landscape                                                                                                                                         4
                                          attractive, with the wharf providing viewing and vantage points along the river shore.
                                          The Moyne River has a large number of sites of indigenous cultural significance (GHCMA River Health Strategy-
                      Indigenous          Agency Exposure Draft, 2002). Within Port Fairy township sites are likely to be limited, although this could only be
                                                                                                                                                                        2
                      Heritage            determined through an archaeological survey (Pers. Comm. Neil Martin-Framlingham Aboriginal Trust, December
Cultural                                  2002).
                                          The port on the Moyne River at Port Fairy has been in use since the 1800s, with its peak being during the 1850s. It
                      European
                                          was used for exports of wool, gold and wheat. There are several historic buildings along the river, including the             4
                      Heritage            fishermens' wharehouse and the lifeboat shed.
                      Conveyance          The river forms part of the stormwater system that conveys stormwater away from the town.                                     2
Stormwater            Water               The river provides minimal water treatment function. Reed beds beside the river may assist with sediment settling.
                                                                                                                                                                        1
                      Treatment
                      Property &          Properties adjacent or in close proximity to the river are highly sort after and experience higher land values than other
                                          areas. Similarly, the river is a focal point for tourists in terms of accomodation and recreation.                            4
                      Tourism
Economic
                      Extraction &        The river port is used for both a commercial fishing fleet and recreational vessels.
                                                                                                                                                                        4
                      Use




Appendix C ValuesPort Fairy Moyne River                                                 6                                                                              9/05/2003
                                                                  Moyne Stormwater Management Plan
                                                             Appendix C Values-Peterborough Southern Ocean


Peterborough Southern Ocean                                                                    VALUES                                                              RATING

                                         The coastal waters are renowned as habitat for rock lobster and many other fish species (KLM Gerner Consulting
                    In-stream            Group, 2002). The Southern Ocean has deep, cold waters and a range of marine flora and fauna that are biologically
                                                                                                                                                                     3
                    Habitat              diverse as is typical of cold water habitats (GHCMA, Regional Catchment Strategy, 2002).

Environment                              The coast at Peterborough (and extending to Warrnambool) is part of the Bay of Islands Coastal Park. The ocean's
                                         riparian zone is coastal heathland and includes the rare Metallic Sun Orchid. The riparian zone provides important
                    Riparian
                                         habitat for the Rufous Bristlebird. The park has important areas of indigenous vegetation with 138 species of flora,        3
                    Habitat              including three nationally threatened and three Flora and Fauna Garuntee listed species (Health of the Catchment
                                         Report, 2002).
                                         The southern ocean is an important reacreational resource at Peterborough. Recreational activities include
                    Recreation                                                                                                                                       4
                                         bushwalking, fishing swimming and surfing. There are 2km of trails through the Bay of Islands Coastal Park.
Amenity                                  The coast at Peterborough is part of the famous Great Ocean Road region and offers spectacular coastal and sea
                    Landscape            landscapes. Cliffs, gorges and bays provide interesting coastal viewing while limestones stacks dotted throughout           4
                                         the area are a point of interest.
                                         The area is home to the Kirrae-Wurrong people and, at Peterborough in particular, the people are the Baradh-
                                         gundidj, who sourced a wealth of resources from the ocean, rock platforms and heathland. Massacre Bay, where a
                                         group of indigenous people were killed in the 1840s is near Peterborough. The area has rich Aboriginal cultural
                    Indigenous
                                         heritage values, particularly in cliff top locations (KLM Gerner Consulting Group, 2002). Aboriginal Affairs Victoria       4
                    Heritage             has registered a large number of shell middens, burial sites and formal meeting places along the Moyne Coast,
Cultural
                                         particularly in the first 200-300m from the coast inland (Moyne Shire Coastal Action Plan, 2001).

                                         The coastal area surrounding Peterborough is known as the Shipwreck Coast, and has strong European heritage
                    European
                                         associations. Over the years many shipwrecks have occured in the area, with many lives lost. One of the most                3
                    Heritage             famous is the Loch Ard shipwreck of 1878.
                    Conveyance           The ocean is a receiver of stormwater rather than a conveyor.                                                               1
Stormwater          Water                The ocean provides minimal water treatment value, however it does have the abiltiy to absorb and cycle nutrients.
                                                                                                                                                                     2
                    Treatment
                                         The ocean is an integral part of the tourism industry in Peterborough with many visitors to the area attracted by the
                    Property &           Great Ocean Road and Bay of Islands Coastal Park. Outside of Melbourne, the Great Ocean Road is the most
                                                                                                                                                                     4
                    Tourism              visited area in the state and is vital to the economy in the region. There is great demand for housing in coastal areas
Economic                                 and properties in close proximity to the ocean receive premium prices.
                    Extraction &         The ocean is used for commercial fishing.
                                                                                                                                                                     3
                    Use




Appendix C ValuesPeterborough Southern Ocean                                           7                                                                            9/05/2003
                                                            Moyne Stormwater Management Plan
                                                         Appendix C Values-Peterborogh Curdies Inlet


Peterborough Curdies Inlet                                                               VALUES                                                            RATING

                                  The Curdies River estuary provides important habitat for a range of birds including the significant Australasian
                                  Bittern (KLM Consulting Group, 2002). The inlet provides nursery habitat for a range of fish species including
                 In-stream        bream, trevally, flounder and perch. Eels are fished commercially and the mudflats are important for a range of
                                                                                                                                                              4
                 Habitat          estuarine species (KLM Consulting Group). The mouth often closes in summer and may require artificial opening as
                                  the water quality may deteriorate during such times; there is extensive seagrass habitat in the inlet (Coastal and
Environment
                                  Marine Planning Program South West Estuaries Coastal Action Plan, 2002).
                                  Eighty percent of the land within 1km of the river has been cleared for pasture and dairying, leaving little riparian
                 Riparian         vegetation remaining (Coastal and Marine Planning Program South West Estuaries Coastal Action Plan, 2002),
                                                                                                                                                              3
                 Habitat          however there is some coastal dune riparian vegetation either side of the inlet, in close proximity to Peterborough.
                                  The Bay of Islands Coastal Park has important coastal heathland vegetation.
                                  The Curdies Inlet provides many recreational opportunities such as fishing, walking, picincing and swimming. It is
                 Recreation                                                                                                                                   4
                                  particularly noted as a sheltered swimming area.
Amenity
                                  The Curdies Inlet is very scenic and is a part of the famous Great Ocean Road area. Many tourists travel to the area
                 Landscape                                                                                                                                    3
                                  to enjoy the coastal scenery.
                                  The area is home to the Kirrae-Wurrong people and at Peterborough in particular the people are the Baradh-gundidj,
                                  who sourced a wealth of resources from the ocean, rock platforms and heathland. Massacre Bay, where a group of
                                  indigenous people were killed in the 1840s is near Peterborough. The area has rich Aboriginal cultural heritage
                 Indigenous
                                  values, particularly in cliff top locations (KLM Gerner Consulting Group, 2002). Aboriginal Affairs Victoria has            4
                 Heritage         registered a multitude of shell middens, burial sites and formal meeting places along the Moyne Coast, particularly in
Cultural
                                  the first 200-300m from the coast inland (Moyne Shire Coastal Action Plan, 2001).

                 European         The inlet is also associated with the shipwreck coast, although not as strongly as the rugged coast facing the ocean.
                                                                                                                                                              2
                 Heritage
                                  The inlet conveys stormwater out to the ocean, however Peterborough experiences some flooding as water often
                 Conveyance                                                                                                                                   2
                                  flows inland and accumulates on paddocks.
Stormwater                        The inlet provides very little water treatment value.
                 Water
                                                                                                                                                              1
                 Treatment
                 Property &       The inlet is an important tourism site in the area and enhances property values in proximity to it.
                                                                                                                                                              3
                 Tourism
Economic
                 Extraction &     The inlet is used for commercial eel fishing (KLM Consulting Group, 2002).
                                                                                                                                                              1
                 Use




Appendix C ValuesPeterborogh Curdies Inlet                                      8                                                                          9/05/2003

				
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