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									                                                                                                   Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignmen
                                                                                                         Medical Procedures Expanded
     AR Department of Workforce Education                                    Objective
            CONTENT STANDARD/
                 Knowledge


                                                        These are, however, the frameworks taken from
  NOTE: These frameworks are currently NOT
                                                       the Arkansas Deparment of Workforce Education.
   available on the Arkansas Department of
                                                             It is not known at this time when these
        Workforce Education Website!
                                                         frameworks will reappear on the DWE website.



1. Enduring Understanding - The student will learn and perform duties and tasks performed by variou
employment and/or employment skills.

1a. Essential Question - Upon completion of this course, can the student perform entry level skills in
laboratory assisting, medical assisting, nurse assisting, physical therapy assisting, veterinary assistin




                                                                                                               FIRST NINE WEEKS
1. Enduring Understanding - The student will learn and perform duties and tasks in the areas of denta
assisting.
1a. Essential Question - What are the duties and tasks performed by Dental Assistants?
1.1 Define terms related to dental assistant skills.   1.1.1 Prepare a written list of terms and
                                                       definitions related to dental assisting




1.2 Know the structures and tissues of a tooth.        1.2.1 prepare a diagram of the structures and tissues
                                                       of a tooth




1.3 Know the names of the deciduous and                1.3.1 Examine diagrams of deciduous teeth as
permanent teeth and their eruption times.              compared to permanent teeth.
                                                       1.3.2 Prepare a chart of eruption times for deciduous
                                                       and permanent teeth
1.4 Understand the procedure for identifying teeth   1.4.1 Prepare a chart identifying teeth using the
by the Universal Method                              Universal method.




1.5 Know the crown surfaces of the teeth.            1.5.1Create a model or diagram to identify the crown
                                                     surfaces of the anterior and posterior.




1.6 Understand the procedure for charting conditions 1.6.1 Create a model to demonstrate abbreviations
of the teeth                                         used to chart conditions of teeth to their correct
                                                     descriptions




1.7 Understand the functions of basic dental         1.7.1 List and describe pieces of basic dental
equipment                                            equipment.
                                                     1.7.2 Demonstrate how to properly use basic dental
                                                     equipment.




1.8 Understand infection control measures to use     1.8.1 Demonstrate infection control measures/
while operating dental equipment.                    techniques
                                                     1.8.2 Explain the consequences of improper infection
                                                     control measures/techniques




1.9 Understand the purposes of correct brushing      1.9.1 List and explain the purposes of correct
and flossing techniques                              brushing and flossing techniques.



1.10 Understand the procedure for brushing and       1.10.1 Demonstrate proper brushing and flossing
flossing.                                            techniques.



1.11 Know how to take impressions and make           1.11.1 Demonstrate proper techniques of taking
models                                               impressions.
                                                     1.11.2 Demonstrate proper techniques for making
                                                     models.
2. Enduring Understanding - The student will learn and perform duties and tasks in the areas of Labo

2a. Essential Question - What are the duties and tasks performed by Laboratory Assistants?
2.1 Define terms related to Laboratory Assistant    2.1.1 Prepare a written list of terms and
Skills                                              definitions related to laboratory assisting.




2.2 Know the parts and functions of a microscope.   2.2.1 Label the parts of a microscope.
                                                    2.2.2 Describe the functions of each part of a
                                                    microscope.



2.3 Understand the procedure for operating a        2.3.1 Operate a microscope.
microscope.                                         2.3.2 Look at an assigned slide and illustrate the
                                                    microorganism on the slide.




2.4 Know the Universal precautions tha tmust be     2.4.1 List and describe the Universal precautions
followed while working with cultures.               that must be followed while working with cultures.
                                                    2.4.2 Obtain a culture from a swab of contaminated
                                                    area or piece of equipment.




2.5 Understand the procedure for staining with      2.5.1 Demonstrate the procedure for staining with
Gram's stain.                                       Gram's stain.




2.6 Understand the procedure for obtaining blood for 2.6.1 Demonstrate the procedure for obtaining blood
blood tests                                          for blood tests.
2.7 Know the Universal precautions that must be         2.7.1 Report on a procedure for a specific blood test.
followed when obtaining and testing blood.              2.7.2 List the precautions that must be followed
                                                        when obtaining and testing blood.




2.8 Know the normal and abnormal values for             2.8.1 Define normal and abnormal values for specific
specific characteristics of urine.                      characteristics of urine.
                                                        2.8.2 List the possible characteristics of various
                                                        abnormal values.



2.9 Explore the physical, chemical, and microscopic 2.9.1 Describe the different ways to examine urine.
examination of urine.




2.10 Know the Universal precautions that must be        2.10.1 Demonstrate the procedure for performing a
followed while performing urine tests                   specific urine test.




3a. Essential Question - What are the duties and tasks performed by Medical (Clinical) Assistants?
3.1 Define terms related to medical assistant skills.   3.1.1 What are the duties and tasks performed by
                                                        Medical (Clinical) Assistants?




3.2 Understand the procedure to measuring and           3.2.1 Demonstrate the procedure for measuring and
recording the height and weight of a patient.           recording the height and weight of a patient.




3.3 Know patient positions for examinations, tests,     3.3.1 Demonstrate correct positioning of a patient.
and procedures




3.4 Understand principles of assisting with a vision    3.4.1 List and explain the principles of assisting with
screening.                                              a vision screening.
                                                        3.4.2Demonstrate the proper procedure when
                                                        assisting with a vision screening.
3.5 Know the functions of instruments utilized in a   3.5.1Identify the instruments utilized in a physical
physical examination.                                 examination.
                                                      3.5.2 Describe the function of each instrument
                                                      utilized in a physical examination.
                                                      3.5.3 Demonstrate the proper use of instruments
                                                      utilized in a physical examination.




3.6 Understand the procedure for assisting with an    3.6.1 Demonstrate the procedure for assisting with
eye, ear, nose, and throat examination                an eye, ear, nose, and throat examination.




3.7 Understand the procedure for assisting with a     *3.7.1 Explain the procedure for assisting with a
gynecological examination.                            gynecological examination.




3.8 Understand the method for using the Physician's 3.8.1 Utilize the PDR to locate information on
Desk Reference (PDR).                               selected medications.




3.9 Know major forms of medications.                  3.9.1 List and describe major forms of medications.
                                                      3.9.2 Match health conditions and/or disease states
                                                      to the appropriate medications that should be used
                                                      to treat the condition and/or disease.




3.10 Understand te principles that must be observed 3.10.1List and decribe the principles that must be
while working with medications.                     observed while working with medications.
                                                    3.10.2 Explain the health and legal consequences of
                                                    not observing these principles.




                                                                                                             SECOND NINE WEEKS
1. Enduring Understanding - The student will learn and perform duties and tasks in the areas of Nurs
Assisting, and Medical Information Systems (Medical Administrative Assisting).
1a. Essential Question - What are the duties and tasks performed by Nursing Assistants?
4.1 Define terms realted to nurse assistant skills     4.1.1 What are the duties and tasks performed by
                                                       Nurse Assistants?




4.2 Understand the purpose of correct patient          4.2.1 Explain the purpose of correct patient
alignment                                              alignment.
                                                       4.2.2 Demonstrate the technique to ensure correct
                                                       patient alignmet.




4.3 Know safety guideline that must be observed        4.3.1 Demonstrate use of safety guidelines while
while positioning, turning, moving, and transferring   positioning, turning, moving and transferring
patients                                               patients.
                                                       4.3.2 Describe the possible consequences to the
                                                       patient for the nonboservance of each safety
                                                       guideline.



4.4 Understand the procedure for positioning,          4.4.1 Demonstrate the procedure for positioning,
turning, moving, and transferring patients.            turning, moving and transferring patients.




4.5 Know the method for making a closed and            4.5.1 Demonstrate the method for making a closed
occupied bed                                           and occupied bed.




4.6 Know how to complete a bed bath, partial bed       4.6.1Demonstrate complete bed bath, partial bed
bath, and tub or shower bath.                          bath, and tub bath or shower bath




4.7 Know the Universal precautions that must be        4.7.1 List and describe the Universal precautions
observed while administering personal hygiene to a     that must be observed while administering personal
patient.                                               hygiene to a patient.
                                                       4.7.2 List the possible consequences of not following
                                                       the Universal precautions.




4.8 Understand the procedure for administering oral 4.8.1Demonstrate the procedure for administering
care to a patient.                                  oral care to a patient.
4.9 Understand the procedure for measuring and         4.9.1 Record intake and output
recording intake and output.                           4.9.1 Demonstrate ability to properly measure intake
                                                       and output.




4.10 Explore facts regarding the collecting of urine   4.10.1 List and describe considerations when
and stool samples.                                     collecting urine and stool samples.




2a. Essential Question - What are the duties and tasks performed by Physical Therapy Assistants?
5.1 Define terms realted to physical therapy           5.1.1 Prepare a written list of terms and
assistant skills                                       definitions related to physical therapy assisting.




5.2 Know active, passive, and resistive range of       5.2.1 Demonstrate active, passive, and resistive
motion (ROM) exercises.                                ROM exercises.
                                                       5.2.2 Explain the purpose and effect of each
                                                       exercise.




5.3 Understand the problems caused by a lack of        5.3.1 List and describe the problems caused by lack
movement and inactivity.                               of movement and inactivity.




5.4 Know the main types of ROM exercises               5.4.1 Demonstrate the main types of ROM exercises




5.5 Know the method for fitting crutches.              5.5.1 Demonstrate the method for fitting crutches
                                                       5.5.2 List and describe the considerations when
                                                       fitting crutches.
5.6 Understand the process of ambulating a patient 5.6.1 Explain the process of ambulating a patient
with crutches.                                     with crutches.
                                                   5.6.2 Explain special considerations when
                                                   ambulating a patient with crutches.



5.7 Know common crutch gaits                           5.7.1 Demonstrate common crutch walking gaits
                                                       5.7.2 Discuss the purpose for each crutch gait.




5.8 Understand the method for measuring a patient      5.8.1 Explain the method to measure a patient for a
for a cane.                                            cane.
                                                       5.8.2 List special considerations when measuring a
                                                       patient for a cane.


5.9 Understand the process of ambulating a patient     5.9.1 Explain the process of ambulating a patient
with a cane.                                           with a cane.
                                                       5.9.2 Explain special considerations when
                                                       ambulating a patient with a cane.



5.10 Explore the uses of heat and cold applications.   5.10.1 List and describe the uses of heat and cold
                                                       applications.




5.11 Understand the effects of heat and cold           5.11.1 Discuss the effects of heat and cold
applications on blood vessels.                         applications on blood vessels.


5.12 Understand the procedure for applying heat        5.12.1 Demonstrate the procedure for applying heat
applications.                                          applications.




5.13 Understand the procedure for applying cold        5.13.1 Demonstrate the procedure for applying cold
applications                                           applications




3a. Essential Question - What are the duties and tasks performed by Veterinary Assistants?
6.1 Define terms realted to animal health care.       6.1.1 Prepare a written list of terms and
                                                      definitions related to veterinary assisting.




6.2 Understand the role of animal health care         6.2.1 Explore a specific career in animal health care.
workers.                                              6.2.2 Write a report on a specific career in animal
                                                      health care




6.3 Understand the functions that animals satisfy for 6.3.1 List and describe the functions that animals
humans.                                               satisfy for humans.




6.4 Know the methods of restraint used for animals    6.4.1 Demonstrate the methods of restraint used for
                                                      animals.
                                                      6.4.2 Discuss special considerations when
                                                      restraining an animal.


6.5 Know signs of illness in animals                  6.5.1 List signs of illness in animals.
                                                      6.5.2Discuss possible causes of those signs of
                                                      illness.




6.6 Explore common disorders that affect animals      6.6.1 Research a common disorder that affects
                                                      animals.
                                                      6.6.2 Write a paper on a common disorder that
                                                      affects animals
6.7 Explore common external parasites that affect     6.7.1 Match common external parasites to their
animals to their correct description.                 correct description.
                                                      6.7.2 Compose a descriptive catalog of common
                                                      external parasites.




6.8 Understand the daily care routine for maintaining 6.8.1 Develop a written guideline for the daily care
the cage or kennel.                                   routine for maintaining the cage or kennel.
                                                      6.8.2 Discuss the health consequences to the
                                                      animal if there is improper maintenance of the cage
                                                      or kennel.




6.9 Know the method for bathing a grooming an         6.9.1 Observe the bathing and grooming of an
animal.                                               animal.
                                                      6.9.2 List and discuss special considerations when
                                                      bathing and grooming an animal.



6.10 Know the procedure for performing an             6.10.1 Discuss the procedure for performing an
assessment on an animal.                              assessment on an animal.
                                                      *Discuss precautions and considerations when
                                                      performing an assessment on an animal.
         Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
               Medical Procedures Expanded
                                     Task Analysis                           Essential Vocabulary              Materials/Resources           Geometry
                                                                                                                                            Connections


                   The last section of tasks: Medical Information
                  Systems, has not been included. This is because
                   a new course is being created to open another
                   career path to include this field. It is not felt at
                     this time the MIS section will remain in the
                         Procedures Expanded frameworks.

n and perform duties and tasks performed by various health care professionals that may lead to pre-


ourse, can the student perform entry level skills in the following areas of healthcare: dental assisting,
sting, physical therapy assisting, veterinary assisting, and medical information systems?




                    FIRST NINE WEEKS
n and perform duties and tasks in the areas of dental assisting, laboratory assisting, and medical (clinical)

sks performed by Dental Assistants?
                  * Applies/Understands technical words that pertain      see individual sections:         Recommended: Diversified
                  to dental assisting procedures                                                           Health Occupations, latest
                  * Applies/Uses technical words and concepts                                              edition;Dental Assisting by
                                                                                                           Delmar/Thompson
                                                                                                           publishers; local professions
                                                                                                           including Dentists, Dental
                                                                                                           Assistants, and Dental
                                                                                                           Hygienists.




                  *appropriately labels the tissues and structures of a   apex, base, cementum,          Tooth models and diagrams         cross sections,
                  tooth using proper terminology                    *     cervix, crown, dentin, enamel,                                   planes
                  Describe the functions of the structures and tissues    gingiva, pulp, root,
                  of a tooth.                                             periodontal ligament,
                                                                          periodontium, alveolar
                                                                          process, apical foramen
                  *Properly identify deciduous teeth                      bicuspids, cuspids, incisors,    Charts identifying teeth.       Sequences,
                  *Properly identify permanent teeth                      molars, maxillary, mandibular,   Timeline showing eruption       lines of
                  *List eruption times of deciduous teeth                 permanent (seccedaneous),        times. Both may be created      symmetry
                  *List the eruption times of permanent teeth             deciduous (primary)              by the instructor.
*Label teeth using the Universal Method                  bicuspids, cuspids, incisors, Charts indentifying teeth              Sequences,
                                                         molars, maxillary, mandibular, using the Universal Method.           lines of
                                                         Universal numbering system                                           symmetry




* Have students create a model of an anterior or         anterior, buccal, distal,            Model of tooth or diagrams      Planes, Angles,
posterior tooth and label each surface.                  incisal, lingual, mesial,            identifying said surfaces       Parallel Lines,
                                                         occlusal, point angles,                                              Ray, segments,
                                                                                                                              perpendicular
                                                                                                                              lines, points



*Chart conditions of the teeth using correct             amalgam, alginate, bitewings, Sample dental charts and               Planes, Angles,
abbreviations and symbols.                               carious lsions, cavity,          patient records. May be             Parallel
*Use sample patient histories for students to practice   composite, crown, dentitions, created by the instructor.             Lines,rays,
charting dental records                                  halitosis, occlusal films, oral-                                     segments,
                                                         evauation system, apnoramic,                                         perpendicular
                                                         periodontic films, periapical                                        lines, x y axis,
                                                         films, plaque, radiographs,                                          graphing
                                                         radiopaque, restoration,
                                                         temporary

*Correctly identify basic pieces of dental equipment     air compressor, anesthesia,          Video on dental equipment,         Sequences,
and their uses.                                          aspirating syringe, assistant's      visit local dentist office, invite angles
*Properly demonstrate the use of basic dental            cart, cement, custom trays,          guest speaker who can bring
equipment.                                               dental chair, dental light,          equipment samples.
                                                         lentitions, doctor's cart,
                                                         cuspidor,high-speed hand
                                                         piece, high-velocity oral
                                                         evacuator, low speed hand
                                                         piece, occlusal films, oral-
                                                         evacuation system, plaster,
                                                         restoration, saliva ejectory, tri-
                                                         flow syringe



*Demonstrate proper infection control techniques in      BSI. PPE, sterile field,             Video on dental equipment       Deductive
preparation to care for a dental patient.                                                     usage, visit local dentist      reasoning
*Identify situations/conditions that can result from                                          office, invite guest speaker
improper infection control measures/techniques.                                               who can bring equipment
                                                                                              samples.




*Demonstrate proper brushing and flossing                floss. Toothbrush, tooth             Toothbrushes, toothpaste,    Deductive
techniques using the self or a patient.                  paste,                               and floss. May be brought by reasoning,
* Identify the risks of not using the proper brushing                                         students.                    lines, angles,
and flossing techniques.                                                                                                   sequences

*Perform proper brushing and flossing techniques on floss. Toothbrush, tooth                  Toothbrushes, toothpaste,    Sequences,
the self or a patient.                              paste,                                    and floss. May be brought by lines, angles
                                                                                              students.


*Simulate the proper method for taking impressions impressions, models, plates,               Impression trays, model sets,   Sequences,
or demonstrate the proper method for taking                                                   video, local professional for   lines, angles,
impressions.                                                                                  deomonstration or guest         parallel lines,
* Simulate the proper techniques for making models                                            speaker.                        perpendicular
or demonstrate the proper method for making                                                                                   lines.
models.
n and perform duties and tasks in the areas of Laboratory Assisting.

sks performed by Laboratory Assistants?
                 * Applies/Understands technical words that pertain       see individual sections.          Recommended: Diversified
                 to laboratory assisting procedures                                                         Health Occupations, latest
                 * Applies/Uses technical words and concepts                                                edition; Laboratory Assisting
                                                                                                            by Delmar/Thompson
                                                                                                            publishers; local professions
                                                                                                            including Medical Laboratory
                                                                                                            Assistants and Technicians.
                 * Recognize each of the parts of a microscope.           microscope, lens, objective, Microscopes, microscope
                 * Explain the functions of each of the parts of the      stage, base, arm, diaphragm, diagrams
                 microscope.                                              slide, slip cover, slide clips,
                                                                          stage clips, fine adjustment,
                                                                          coarse adjustment.
                 *Demonstrate the proper operation of a microscope.       microscope, lens, objective,      Microscopes, microscope          Deductive
                 * Choose slides from different categories as             stage, base, arm, diaphragm,      prepared slides, swabs,          reasoning
                 supplied by the instructor and identify differences in   slide, slip cover, slide clips,   distilled water, slide cover
                 the appearance of the object on the slide by             stage clips, fine adjustment,     slips, and blank slides.
                 producing an illustration or written description.        coarse adjustment.


                 *Explain why Universal precautions should be             PPE, BSI, Universal               PPE as indicated by              Sequences,
                 followed while working with cultures.                    precautions, goggles, gowns,      procedure, culture swabs,        lines
                 *Identify possible complications including incorrect     gloves. Masks, culture swab,      slides, slip covers, distilled
                 test results, cross-contamination, and self risk that    agar plate, culture specimen,     water, dyes/stains, agar
                 result from not properly following Universal             direct smear, sensitive,          plates, etc.
                 precautions.                                             culture and sensativity
                 *Show the proper technique to obtain a culture
                 sample from an assigned surface or area.
                 *Show the proper technique for streaking an agar
                 plate.




                 *Execute the Gram's staining procedure.                  crystal violet, methylene blue,   Gram stains (reference text or   Sequences,
                                                                          iodine, denatured alcohol,        chemistry teacher), slides,      planes, lines,
                                                                          sterile water, bunson burner,     cultures, cover slips, bunson    angles,
                                                                          slide clamps, slides, culture     burners, microscopes, etc.       perpendicular
                                                                          samples, cover slips                                               lines


                 * Successfully obtain blood for blood testing from a antibody screen,                      Approved test materials such Sequences,
                 variety of sources: collection vials, manikin arms,      anticoagulant, anitgen, blood     as Finger Stick Blood Sugar angles, rays
                 finger sticks, surfaces prepared by the instructor, etc. smear, differential count,        materials , blood typing kits,
                                                                          erythrocyte count, fasting        hematocrit materials, etc.
                                                                          blood sugar, kemacytometer,       Mankin with phlebology set
                                                                          hematocrit, hemoglobin,           up for syringe blood draw.
                                                                          hemolysis, hypoglycemia,          You may consult your text for
                                                                          leukocyte counts,                 instuctions, or invite in a
                                                                          refractometer, skin puncture,     professional guest to guide or
                                                                          typing and cross match,           demonstrate.
                                                                          venipuncture
                *Explain the procedure for a specific blood test as     antibody screen,                PPE and BSI as indicated by Sequences,
                assigned by the instructor.                             anticoagulant, anitgen, blood   procedure, needles, syringes, lines, angles,
                *Properly perform a specific blood test as assigned     smear, differential count,      collection tubes, manikin with
                by the instructor.                                      erythrocyte count, fasting      training capablilities
                *Demonstrate the precautions that must be taken         blood sugar, kemacytometer,
                when obtaining and testing blood.                       hematocrit, hemoglobin,
                                                                        hemolysis, hypoglycemia,
                                                                        leukocyte counts,
                                                                        refractometer, skin puncture,
                                                                        typing and cross match,
                                                                        venipuncture

                *Identify normal and abnormal values from a             urinalysis, glycosuria,        Charts with ranges. May be Deductive
                urinalysis test.                                        hematuria, oliguria, polyuria, teacher generated. May also Reasoning
                *Identify possible causes from any abnormal values      urinary sediment, urinometer show ranges from test strip
                from a urinalysis.                                                                     bottles. Specimen cups,
                                                                                                       samples (lab kits are
                                                                                                       available)

                *Perform a urinalysis examination using chemical    urinalysis, glycosuria,             Urinalysis materials from        Deductive
                reagent strips.                                     hematuria, oliguria, polyuria,      either urinalysis kit (available reasoning,
                *Describe what a normal sample of urine should look urinary sediment, urinometer        to create fake urine samples sequences
                and smell like.                                                                         with various conditions) or
                * Explain the technique for microscopic examination                                     materials for students to
                of urine.                                                                               analize their own sample,
                                                                                                        biohazard bags.

                *Properly execute the a specific urine test as          urinalysis, glycosuria,        refer to text. PPE and BSI as Sequences
                assigned by the instructor showing the use of           hematuria, oliguria, polyuria, indicated by procedure
                Universal precautions.                                  urinary sediment, urinometer




sks performed by Medical (Clinical) Assistants?
                * Applies/Understands technical words that pertain      see each area                   Recommended: Diversified
                to Medical (clinical) assisting procedures                                              Health Occupations, latest
                * Applies/Uses technical words and concepts                                             edition; Medical Clinical
                                                                                                        Assisting by
                                                                                                        Delmar/Thompson
                                                                                                        publishers; local professions
                                                                                                        including Medical Clinical
                                                                                                        Assistants, Nurses, and
                                                                                                        Physcians.

                *Show or execute the proper procedure for               height, weight, centimeter,     physician's scales with height    X Y axis,
                measuring and recording the height and weight of a      inches, feet, pounds,           levers, digital scales may also   graphing,
                patient.                                                kilograms, ounces.              be used with wall charts for      coordinate
                                                                                                        height measurement.               geometry,
                                                                                                        Sample patient record             parallel lines,
                                                                                                        sheets.                           perpendicular
                * Properly place patients in position(s) as indicated   dorsal recumbent, Fowler's,     Charts, text, have students       lines. lines,
                                                                                                                                          points,
                by the instructor based on the name of the position,    horizontal recumbent,           position each other using         angles
                the name of the test, or the name of the procedure.     jackknife, knee-chest, left     proper body mechanics and
                                                                        lateral (Sim's position),       alignment.
                                                                        lithotomy, prone, supine,
                                                                        trendelenburg, reverse
                                                                        trendelenburg

                *Simulate the proper procedure for assisting with a     Snellen charts, illiterate      Snellen Charts, Eye covers, Angle of
                vision screening.                                       charts, kindergarten charts,    sample patient charts. Video depression,
                *Describe the principles of assisting with a vision     myopia, opthalmoscope,          showing technique.           angle of
                screening.                                              astigmatism                                                  elevation, lines
                 *Pick the proper instrument that would be utilized in   auscultation, percussion,       common instruments used:          deductive
                 a specific portion of a physical examination as         tonometer, palpation, EKG,      stethoscope, thermometer,         reasoning,
                 indicated by the instructor.                            ayer blade, observation,        sphygmomanometer, watch           sequences,
                 *Compare and contrast the functions of instruments      percussion hammer,              with second hand, tongue          angles, parallel
                 utilized in a physical examination.                     retractors, scalpels,           depressors, etc. May have         line,
                 *Properly utilize an instrument used in a physical      sigmoidoscope, speculum,        EKG equipment as well or          perpendicular
                 examination as indicated by the instructor.             surgical scissors, sutures,     invite in a guest with portable   lines,
                 Examination procedures may be selected by the           suture removal sets, tissue     equipment. Video showing          coordinate
                 instructor. It is recommended that students are         forceps, tuning fork.           technique                         geometry
                 challenged by at least three procedures.

                 * Demonstrate the procedure for assisting with an       auscultation, percussion,       otopthalmolaryngoscope,           deductive
                 eye, ear, nose, and throat examination                  palpation, observation,         tongue depressors, etc.           reasoning,
                                                                         percussion hammer,              Invite in a professional guest.   sequences,
                                                                         retractors, scalpels,           Video showing technique           angles, parallel
                                                                         speculum, surgical scissors,                                      line,
                                                                         sutures, suture removal sets,                                     perpendicular
                                                                         tissue forceps, tuning fork,                                      lines
                                                                         ENT set



                 *Demonstrate the procedure for assisting with a         auscultation, percussion,       Speculums, Ayer blades,           deductive
                 gynecological examination if a proper manikin is        palpation, Ayer blade,          slides, manikin equipped for      reasoning,
                 available.                                              observation, retractors,        said exam. Video showing          sequences,
                 *Summarize the procedure for assisting with a           scalpels, speculum, culture     technique                         angles, parallel
                 gynecological examination.                              swabs, slides, slide fixer,                                       line,
                                                                         tissue forceps                                                    perpendicular
                                                                                                                                           lines




                 *Demonstrate the use of the PDR to locate            PDR, medications                   PDRs or online access to
                 information on given medications as indicated by the                                    PDR. Sample PDR
                 instructor.                                                                             worksheets
                 *Record information from the PDR on a given
                 medication as indicated by the instructor.

                 *Categorize medications as given by the instructor.     antibiotics, analgesics,        Video on major classifications deductive
                 * Decide which medication would be administered         antipyretic, antihistamine,     of drugs. PDR. Professional reasoning
                 for given diseases or disorders as indicated by the     narcotic, stimulant,            guest such as a pharmacist.
                 instructor.                                             depressant, aesthetic,          Sample patient histories and
                                                                         tablets, capsules, liquids,     chief complaints with
                                                                         suspensions, gels, topical,     diagnosis for students to
                                                                         sublingual, injections          suggest appropriate
                                                                         (subcutaneous,                  medications.
                                                                         intramuscular, intravenous,
                                                                         intradermal).

                 *Simulate proper procedures for administering,          charting, dosage, refusal,      Video on subject. Sample          deductive
                 recording, and disposing of medications.                documentation                   policies from local facilities.   reasoning
                 *Explain the principles involved with working with
                 medications.
                 *Speculate the consequences of not observing the
                 proper procedures of working with medications.




                 SECOND NINE WEEKS
n and perform duties and tasks in the areas of Nurse Assisting, Physical Therapy Assisting, Veterinary
cal Administrative Assisting).
sks performed by Nursing Assistants?
* Applies/Understands technical words that pertain         see each section                 Recommended: Diversified
to Nurse assisting procedures                                                               Health Occupations, latest
* Applies/Uses technical words and concepts                                                 edition; Nursing Assisting text
                                                                                            or CNA by Delmar/Thompson
                                                                                            publishers; local professions
                                                                                            including CNAs, PCA+,
                                                                                            Nurses, and Physcians.



*Hypothesize potential hazards to a patient who is         alignment                        hospital beds, wheelchairs,       lines, angles,
not properly aligned.                                                                       standard chairs, gurneys,         parallel lines,
*Scrutinize and correct positions of patients who                                           stretchers, etc. for practical    perpendicular
have be purposely misaligned by the instructor.                                             exercises. Video on task.         lines, deductive
*Set up a patient in a given situation with correct                                                                           reasoning.
alignment as indicated by the instructor.

*Exhibit use of proper safety guidelines for each of       alignment, body mechanics,       hospital beds, wheelchairs,       lines, angles,
the following: positioning patients, turning patients,     restraints, mechanincal lifts,   standard chairs, gurneys,         parallel lines,
moving patients, and transferring patients.                hoyer lift, contracture, bed     stretchers, manikins or           perpendicular
*Predict consequences to the patient for not               cradle, decubitus ulcer          students, safety belts, draw      lines, deductive
following or executing safety guidelines for                                                sheets, hoyer patient lift etc.   reasoning.
positioning, turning, moving, or transferring a patient.                                    for practical exercises. Video
                                                                                            on task.

*Execute the proper procedure for each of the              alignment, body mechanics,       hospital beds, wheelchairs,       lines, angles,
following: positioning patients, turning patients,         restraints, mechanincal lifts,   standard chairs, gurneys,         parallel lines,
moving patients, and transferring patients.                hoyer lift, contracture, bed     stretchers, manikins or           perpendicular
                                                           cradle, decubitus ulcer,         students, safety belts, draw      lines, deductive
                                                           positions terms from MCA         sheets, hoyer patient lift etc.   reasoning.
                                                           unit section 3.3                 for practical exercises. Video
                                                                                            on task.

*Exhibit the procedure to make a closed bed                closed bed, fanfolding,          Hospital beds, manikins or        lines, angles,
*Execute the procedure to make an occupied bed.            mitered corners, occupied        students, linens, video on        parallel lines,
                                                           bed, open bed,                   tasks.                            perpendicular
                                                                                                                              lines, lines of
                                                                                                                              symmetry,
                                                                                                                              sequences
*Simulate a complete bed bath                         complete bed bath, partial            students or manikins, bath        lines, angles,
*Explain the procedure for a tub bath or shower bath. bed bath, personal hygiene            towels, hospital beds,            lines of
* Perform a partial bed bath.                                                               wheelchairs, wash rags, bath      symmetry,
                                                                                            basins, soaps, personal           sequences.
                                                                                            hygiene materials. Video on
                                                                                            task.

*Perform a procedure for personal patient hygiene as personal hygiene, BSI, PPE,            PPE or BSI as indicated by        deductive
assigned by the instructor demonstrating correct                                            procedure, manikins or            reasoning
Universal precautions.                                                                      students for patients. Video
*Identify items that would be utilized when practicing                                      on task.
proper Universal precautions.
*Speculate what might occur if Universal precautions
are not followed.

*Exhibit the procedure for administering oral care to      Oral hygiene                     PPE or BSI as indicated by        sequences,
a patient.                                                                                  procedure, manikins or            angles
                                                                                            students for patients,
                                                                                            materials to administer
                                                                                            personal hygiene such as
                                                                                            toothpaste, mouth rinse,
                                                                                            cups, toothbrushes, etc.
                                                                                            Video on task.
                *Judge intake and output based on materials             catheter, defecate, enema,         PPE and BSI as indicated by      graphing, X Y
                provided by the instructor.                             intake and output, micturate,      procedure, food models, urine    axis,
                *Properly record patient intake and output on a         occult blood, rectal tube, stool   output bags, bed pans, IV        sequencing,
                sample I & O chart.                                     specimen, suppository,             materials, NG tubes and          calculating
                * Display proper measurement techniques and             urinary-drainage unit, urinate,    materials, I & O charts,         sums
                recording techniques for various intake and output      urine, void                        sample patient records.
                devices (excluding food).

                *Demonstrate use of urinals and/ or bed pans,           catheter, defecate, enema,         PPE and BSI as indicated by      graphing, x Y
                *Explain the use of cathetures and the emptying of      intake and output, micturate,      procedure, manikins capable      axis,
                urine collection bags.                                  occult blood, rectal tube, stool   of catheturization or urine      sequencing,
                *Describe recording of urine and stool outputs on I &   specimen, suppository,             output, urine output bags, bed   calculating
                O charts.                                               urinary-drainage unit, urinate,    pans, I & O charts, sample       sums
                                                                        urine, void, 24 hour urine         patient records.
                                                                        specimen, impaction,
                                                                        dehydration, midstream
                                                                        specimen,


sks performed by Physical Therapy Assistants?
                * Applies/Understands technical words that pertain      see each section                   Recommended: Diversified
                to physical therapy assisting procedures                                                   Health Occupations, latest
                * Applies/Uses technical words and concepts                                                edition; Physical Therapy
                                                                                                           Assisting text by
                                                                                                           Delmar/Thompson
                                                                                                           publishers; local professions
                                                                                                           including Physical Therapy
                                                                                                           Assistants, Sports Medicine
                                                                                                           Athletic Trainers, and
                                                                                                           Physicians. Essentials in
                                                                                                           Sports Medicine text


                *Exhibits proper execution of each active, passive,     range of motion (ROM):             ROM Charts, video on tasks.      deductive
                and resistive ROM.                                      active, passive, resistive,        Student teams for ROM            reasoning,
                *Given a specific patient care situation by the         flexion, extension, ulnar          practice, professional guest     sequencing,
                instructor, the student is able to determine which      deviation, radial deviation,       for demonstration or             lines, angles
                type of ROM is likely to be recommended by a            inversion, eversion, plantar       guidance.
                Physical Therapist.                                     flexion, dorsa flexion,
                *Compare and contrasts the purposes and effects of      abduction, adduction,
                the different ROM exercises.                            rotation, supination,
                                                                        pronation, hyperextension

                *Hypothesize the potential health hazards caused by contracture, vasoconstriction, computer graphics or                     Deductive
                lack of movement and inactivity.                    vasodilation, respiratory      pictures, diagrams.                      reasoning
                                                                    distress, decubitus ulcers




                *Present demonstrations of each of the main ROM         range of motion (ROM):             student pairs for ROM            sequences,
                exercises.                                              active, passive, resistive,        exercises, sample patient        lines, angles
                                                                        flexion, extension, ulnar          charts/ PT order sheets.
                                                                        deviation, radial deviation,
                                                                        inversion, eversion, plantar
                                                                        flexion, dorsa flexion,
                                                                        abduction, adduction

                *Correct an improperly fit set of crutches as prepared crutches, axillary region, gait     crutches, students for           deductive
                by the instructor.                                     belt                                patients,                        reasoning,
                *Demonstrate the ability to properly size crutches for                                                                      perpendicular
                a given patient.                                                                                                            lines, parallel
                *Suggest what should be considered when fitting a                                                                           lines, angles.
                patient for crutches.
                * Demonstrate ambulating a patient with crutches.      crutches, axillary region, gait   crutches, students for          deductive
                *Properly apply a gait belt.                           belt                              patients, gait belts, charts    reasoning,
                *Describe special precautions that should be taking                                      with crutch gaits.              perpendicular
                when ambulating a patient with crutches.                                                                                 lines, parallel
                                                                                                                                         lines, angles.

                * Demonstrate ambulating a patient with crutches.      swing to, swing through, two      crutches, students for          deductive
                *Differentiate between the different gaits used with   point, three point, four point    patients, gait belts, charts    reasoning,
                crutches.                                              gaits                             with crutch gaits.              perpendicular
                *Properly apply a gait belt.                                                                                             lines, parallel
                *Describe special precautions that should be taking                                                                      lines, angles.
                when ambulating a patient with crutches.
                * Demonstrate ambulating a patient with a cane.        cane, hip joint, gait belt        canes, students for patients,   deductive
                *Properly apply a gait belt.                                                             gait belts.                     reasoning,
                *Describe special precautions that should be taking                                                                      perpendicular
                when ambulating a patient with a cane.                                                                                   lines, parallel
                                                                                                                                         lines, angles.

                * Demonstrate ambulating a patient with a cane.        cane, gait belt, three point,     canes, students for patients,   deductive
                *Differentiate between the different gaits used with   two point.                        gait belts, charts displaying   reasoning,
                canes.                                                                                   cane gaits.                     perpendicular
                *Properly apply a gait belt.                                                                                             lines, parallel
                *Describe special precautions that should be taking                                                                      lines, angles.
                when ambulating a patient with a cane.

                *Differentiate when one should use a heat or cold      aquamatic pads,                   aquamatic pads,                deductive
                application                                            compresses,dry cold, dry          compresses,dry cold, dry       reasoning
                                                                       heat, hydrocollator packs,        heat, hydrocollator packs,
                                                                       hypothermia blankets, ice         hypothermia blankets, ice
                                                                       bags, ice collars, moist cold,    bags, ice collars, moist cold,
                                                                       moist heat, paraffin wax          moist heat, paraffin wax
                                                                       treatment, warm-water bags.       treatment, warm-water bags.

                * Compare and contrast the effects of heat and cold vasoconstriction, vasodilation vessel diagrams under heat            deductive
                applications on blood vessels                                                      and cold situations.                  reasoning


                * Properly prepare and apply a heat application to a   aquamatic pads,                   different heat devices such as lines, angles
                given area as indicated by the instructor.             compresses, dry heat,             hot water bottles, heating
                                                                       hydrocollator packs,              pads, etc, students or
                                                                       hypothermia blankets, moist       manikins for patients, sample
                                                                       heat, paraffin wax treatment,     PT order charts.
                                                                       warm-water bags.

                * Properly prepare and apply a cold application to a   aquamatic pads,                   different heat devices such as lines, angles
                given area as indicated by the instructor.             compresses, dry cold, ,           ice packs, etc, students or
                                                                       hydrocollator packs,              manikins for patients, sample
                                                                       hypothermia blankets, ice         PT order charts.
                                                                       bags, ice collars, moist cold,


sks performed by Veterinary Assistants?
* Applies/Understands technical words that pertain      HBC, pet carriers, vaccines,     Recommended: Diversified
to veterinary assisting procedures                      poisoning, panting, paralysis,   Health Occupations, latest
* Applies/Uses technical words and concepts             dehydration, constipation,       edition; local professionals
                                                        parasites, pesticides, shock,    including Veterinary
                                                        hypothermia, hyperthermia,       Assistants, Veterinarians.
                                                        hot spots, CPR, fleas, ticks,    Also: Lawhead, James and
                                                        heart worm, hook worm,           MeeCee Baker. Introduction
                                                        round worm, allergies, rabies,   to Veterinary Science.
                                                        siezures, tapeworms,             Thomson Delmar, latest
                                                                                         edition.
                                                                                         • Sirois, Margi. Principles and
                                                                                         Practices of Veterinary
                                                                                         Technology. Mosby,
                                                                                         Latest edition.
                                                                                         • McCurnin, Dennis. Clinical
                                                                                         Textbook for Veterinary
                                                                                         Technicians. W.B.
                                                                                         Saunders Company. Latest
                                                                                         edition.
                                                                                         • Mammato, Bobbie. Pet First
                                                                                         Aid. From the American Red
                                                                                         Cross and The
                                                                                         Humane Society of the United
                                                                                         States. Published by
                                                                                         StayWell.




* Differentiate duties of different health care workers. Vocabulary will vary            text books, online resources, Deductive
                                                         depending on the specific       local professionals           reasoning
                                                         career being addressed.
                                                         Consult local professional or
                                                         Introduction to Veterinary
                                                         Science.

*Create a chart that identifies different functions     companionship, personal
different animals perform that satisfy humans.          assistants, therapuetic
                                                        service, search and rescue,
                                                        law enforcement,



*Differentiate restraint methods for dogs and cats.     muzzle, towel, harness,          dog and cat models or stuffed Deductive
*Demonstrate methods to restrain dogs and cats                                           animals, towels, materials for reasoning,
*Explain special considerations when restraining                                         muzzles.                       sequencing,
different animals                                                                                                       points, lines,
                                                                                                                        angles

*Apply signs of illnesses with the diseases they        vocabulary of signs/             charts created by the         deductive
indicate.                                               symptoms of illnesses            instructor, text resources,   reasoning
* Speculate possible causes of specific illnesses in    chosen by the instructor from    posters, power point or other
animals.                                                chosen text. Examples may        media presentation of
                                                        include: lethargy, unexplained   materials.
                                                        swelling or bloating, hot
                                                        spots, dizziness, fever,
                                                        rashes, sores, ulcerations,
                                                        altertness level, etc.

* Compose a paper or media presentation                 list of common disorders as      Internet, library resources,
concerning an assigned common disorder that             obtained from local vet or       professional resources,
affects animals.                                        from text reference.             chosen text, etc.
* Investigate common disorders that affect animals      Examples include: rabies,
familiar to your geographic area or your students.      ticks, fleas, round worms,
                                                        tape worms, hook worms,
                                                        parasites, diptheria,
*Judge pictures of common external parasites and          internet access, text             internet, library reference   deductive
correctly identify each.                                  references, etc. Examples         resources, veterinary text    reasoning
*Create a reference document or flip chart of             include: rabies, ticks, fleas,    access, local professionals,
common external parasites that relects appearance         round worms, tape worms,          etc. National HOSA Wesite
and complications created by each.                        hook worms, parasites,            suggests to reference text by
                                                          diptheria,                        Sirois

* Create a daily maintenance routine for a specific       cage, kennel, pet carrier,        consult local veterinarians,
kennel type complete with tasks and times for             parasites, hot spots,             local boarding services, or
completion.                                               dehydration, injury, sepsis,      local vet assistants
*Evaluate the potential hazards to a specific animal if   fungus, see list of worms from    concerning their routines/
a cage or kennel is not maintained                        above.                            policies. Invite a guest
                                                                                            speaker. Seek video
                                                                                            materials or download
                                                                                            internet clips for instructional
                                                                                            assistance.

* Simulate the bathing and grooming of an animal          stuffed animals, animal           field trip to an animal            sequencing,
using a stuffed animal or animal manikin.                 manikins, bathing materials,      groomers, obtain a video,          deductive
* Identify special concerns when bathing and              electric razors (not operable),   invite a guest groomer and         reasoning
grooming animals; consider types of animals as well.      brushes, combs, tooth             small animal.
                                                          brushes, nail clippers, etc


*Simulate performing an assessment on an animal           animal manikins, instructor       Consult local veterinarian for sequencing,
manikin with "findings" created by the instructor.        created simulations for           assistance in creating         deductive
*Dramatize precautions and/or consideratiosn that         assessments of the animal         simulations. Some animal       reasoning
should be taken when performing an assessment on          manikin, materials for            health texts come with such
an animal.                                                muzzling and other                activities in the instructor
                                                          precautions. Equipment:           packet. Videos are available.
                                                          centrifuge, refractometer,
                                                          pipettes, differential cell
                                                          counter, hand tally counter,
                                                          scalpel handle, scalpel
                                                          blades, Funnell Conical
                                                          centrifuge tubes, balance
                                                          scale, graduated cylinder,
                                                          stitch (suture removal)
                                                          scissors, sharp/blunt
                                                          scissors, Metzenbaum
                                                          scissors, bandage scissors,
                                                          needle holder, tissue forceps,
                                                          Babcock intestinal forceps,
                                                          Kelly forceps, retractors,
                                                          absorbable suture material,
                                                          nonabsorbable suture
                                                          material, hemostatic clips,
                                                          tracheostomy tube, extraction
                                                          forceps, nail trimmers,
                                                          catheter, sponge forceps,
                                                          Allis tissue forceps,
                                                          ovariohysterectomy hook,
                                                          Rochester-Carmalt forceps,
                                                          dental scaler, dental curette,
                                                          periodontal probe, Mayo
                                                          scissors, Crile forceps,
                                                          Backhaus towel clamps
                       Literacy
                     Connections




may lead to pre-


 dental assisting,
ems?




and medical (clinical)


                   W.4.11.5 Adapt
                   content vocab,
                   voice, and
                   tone to
                   audience,
                   purpose, &
                   situation,
                   R.11.11.1
                   Recognize and
                   apply
                   specialized
                   vocabulary ,
                   R.11.11.3 Use
                   reference
                   materials ….
                   To determine
                   precise
                   meaning and
                   uses of words.
                   R.11.11.2




                   W.4.11.3 Write
                   clear and
                   varied
                   sentences.
R.11.11.3 Use
reference
materials ….
To determine
precise
meaning and
uses of words.
R.11.11.3,
R.11.11.1




W.4.11.4,
R.11.11.1




 R.11.11.1,
W.7.11.7 Use
precise word
choices that
convey
specific
meaning.




W.4.11.4
Elaborate
ideas clearly
and accurately
through word
choice, vivid
description,
and selected
information.

W.4.11.4,
W.7.11.7
W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3,
R.11.11.2




R.11.11.1




W.4.11.3,
W4.11.4,
W.7.11.7




W.4.11.3,
W.4.11.4,
W.4.11.5
R.9.11.6
Summarize &
paraphrase
complex
structures in
informational
and literary
texts,
including
relationships
between
among
concepts and
details.
R.11.11.1




R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.1,
W.7.11.7,
W.5.11.9,
W.4.11.4,
W.4.11.3




R.11.11.1,
W.7.11.7,
W.5.11.9,
W.4.11.4,
W.4.11.3


W.4.11.4,
W4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
W.7.11.7




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3,
R.11.11.2




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1




R.11.11.1,
W.4.11.5




W.4.11.4,
R.11.11.1,
                 W.4.11.3,
                 W4.11.4,
                 W.7.11.7,
                 R.11.11.1




                 R.11.11.1




                 W.4.11.4,
                 R.11.11.1,




                 R11.11.3,
                 R11.11.1,
                 W.7.11.7,
                 R.9.11.6,
                 W.4.11.3
                 R11.11.3,
                 R11.11.1,
                 W.7.11.7,
                 R.9.11.6,
                 W.4.11.3




                 R11.11.3,
                 R11.11.1,
                 W.7.11.7,
                 R.9.11.6,
                 W.4.11.3




sisting, Veterinary
W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3,
R.11.11.2




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3




R.11.11.1,
W.7.11.7,
W.4.11.5




R.11.11.1,
W.7.11.7,
W.4.11.5




R.11.11.1,
W.7.11.7,
W.4.11.5




R.11.11.1,
W.7.11.7,
W.4.11.5




W.4.11.3,
W.4.11.4,
W.4.11.5
R.9.11.6




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1
W.4.11.4,
W.4.11.5,
W.7.11.7,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.2



W.4.11.3,
W4.11.4,
W.7.11.7




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3,
R.11.11.2




W.4.11.3,
W4.11.4,
W.7.11.7,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.2




W.4.11.4,
W.4.11.5,
W.7.11.7,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.2

W.4.11.4,
W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3
W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3



W.4.11.4,
W.1.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3



W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3

W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3
W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3,
R.11.11.2




IR.12.11.11,
IR.12.11.3,
R.11.11.1,
W.5.11.9,
R.10.11.1,
W.4.11.4

R.9.11.5,
R.10.11.1.
W.5.11.9,
W.4.11.10,
W.4.11.3


W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3



W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3




IR.12.11.11,
IR.12.11.3,
R.11.11.1,
W.5.11.9,
R.10.11.1,
W.4.11.4
R11.11.3,
R11.11.1,
W.7.11.7,
R.9.11.6,
W.4.11.3


R11.11.3,
R11.11.1,
W.7.11.7,
R.9.11.6,
W.4.11.3




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3




W.4.11.5,
R.11.11.1,
R.11.11.3

								
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