Employment Contract for Filipino by tkx61813

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									UN Expert Group Meeting on Measuring International Migration
             December 4 –7, 2006, UN New York



MEASURING INTERNATIONAL
    MIGRATION IN THE
       PHILIPPINES
    (With Focus on Emigration Statistics)
                           by

                    Lina V. Castro

                             NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
                 OUTLINE

• Background
• Existing Data Generation Systems
• Initiatives/Coordination Efforts in the
  PSS
• Recommendations and Future
  Directions



                      NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
I. Background

The Philippine Statistical System

a decentralized system that is composed of:

 a policy making and coordinating body, NSCB
 a general purpose statistics producing agency,
  NSO
 a statistical research and training center; and
 all government agencies engaged in the
  generation of statistical information



                      NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
Framework of the PSS and How It is Coordinated




                   NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
 National Statistical Coordination Board


serves as the highest policy making and
 coordinating body on statistical matters in the
 Philippines

Functions
  • formulates policies
  • allocates responsibilities
  • coordinates and prescribes standards in the
    generation of statistics
  • designates statistical activities that will be
    undertaken by the government
  • Develops and maintains statistical
    frameworks (e.g. PSNA)
                       NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
Existing Data Generation Systems in
       the PSS on Emigration
• Commission on Filipinos Overseas (CFO)
• Department of Tourism (DOT)
• Philippine Overseas Employment Administration
  (POEA)
• National Statistics Office (NSO)




                        NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
                1. Commission on Filipinos
                Overseas (CFO) Major
                Functions

•   Provide advice and assistance to the President and the
    Congress of the Philippines in the formulation of policies
    concerning or affecting Filipinos overseas;

•   Develop and implement programs to promote
    the interests and well-being of Filipinos overseas;




                                 NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
              CFO Clientele

•   Filipino Emigrants and permanent residents
    abroad

•   Filipino Nationals who leave the country as spouses or
    other partners of foreign nationals


•   Descendants of Filipinos overseas


•   Filipino youths abroad

•   Exchange visitor program participants

                             NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
       Statistics


I. Stock estimate on Overseas Filipinos


II. Statistics on Filipino Emigrants

   a. Immigrants and Permanent Residents

   b. Filipino spouses and fiancées of
      foreign nationals
                      NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
                         ESTIMATED NUMBER OF
                         FILIPINOS OVERSEAS
In million
     8.00

     7.00

     6.00

     5.00

     4.00

     3.00

     2.00

     1.00

     0.00
                93


                        94


                                95


                                        96


                                                97


                                                        98


                                                                99


                                                                        00


                                                                                01


                                                                                        02
             19


                     19


                             19


                                     19


                                             19


                                                     19


                                                             19


                                                                     20


                                                                             20


                                                                                     20
                                                 NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
                                                         Sources: CFO, DFA, POEA and other
       Categories of Overseas
       Filipinos (CFO)
I. Permanent – immigrants or legal permanent
   residents abroad whose stay do not depend
   on work contracts
II. Temporary – persons whose stay overseas is
    employment related, and who are expected to
    return at the end of their work contracts
III. Irregular – those not properly documented
     or without valid residence or work permits,
     or who are overstaying in a foreign country
                        NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
                ESTIMATED NUMBER OF
                FILIPINOS OVERSEAS

    Year         Permanent          Temporary       Irregular        Total
                 Residents          Residents       Migrants
 1995                                                                6.41
 1996               1.92              2.71           1.86            6.49
 1997               2.15              2.94           1.88            6.97
 1998               2.33              2.96           1.91            7.20
 1999               2.48              2.98           1.83            7.29
 2000               2.55              2.99           1.84            7.38
 2001               2.74              3.05           1.62            7.41
 2002               2.82              3.16           1.60            7.58
                                     NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
Sources: CFO, DFA, POEA and other sources
ESTIMATED NUMBER OF OVERSEAS FILIPINOS
                   (As of December 2002)

  OVERSEAS
   FILIPINO                                                3.17M
  WORKERS


 PERMANENT
  RESIDENTS                                           2.81M



  IRREGULAR
                                            1.60M



                                                             Sources : CFO
                                                                       POEA
TOTAL NUMBER OF OVERSEAS   FILIPINOS: 7.58 M                           PECs
                                NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
                                                                 Registered Filipino Emigrants

                                                                                                    66,390
                                                                                     63,149              64,531                   57,720
                                                00




                                                                            58,020                64,154        60,913
                                              ,0
                                            70




                                                                                        62,464
                                                        53,953     56,350                                                   52,054
                                                                                                                   54,059
                                         00




                                                                                 55,745                  56,242
                                       ,0




                                                                       49,338                                                        55,137
                                     60




                                                     48,867                                                              51,031
                                  00




                                                                   45,269
                                ,0
                              50




                                                        42,481 41,551                                         39,009     40,507
                           00
                         ,0
                       40
                    00
                  ,0
                30
             00
           ,0
         20
      00
    ,0
  10
0
                                 81
                                 82
                                 83
                                 84
                                 85
                                 86
                                 87
                                 88
                                 89
                                 90
                                 91
                                 92
                                 93
                                 94
                                 95
                                 96
                                 97
                                 98
                                 99
                                 00
                                 01
                                 02
                                 03
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               19
                               20
                               20
                               20
                               20
                                                                                              NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
   N = 1,238,934                                                                                                           Source : CFO
                   Distribution of Registered Emigrants
                   by Major Countries of Destination
                   (1981-2003)


        CANADA
        169,443
        (13.7 %)             U.K.           GERMANY
            U.S.A.           6,229            9,427
           869,973          (0.5 %)          (0.8 %)                       JAPAN
           (70.2 %)                                                        68,419
                                                                           (5.5 %)




                                                          AUSTRALIA
                                                            86,223
                                                            (7.0 %)


                                      Other Countries: 24,115
                                      NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
TOTAL: 1,238,934                                        (1.9 %)
           SOURCES OF DATA

 Emigrant registration from CFO

 Statistics on departing overseas Filipino
  Workers from POEA

 Reports from Philippine Embassies and
  Consulates

   i.   From the number of passports issued
  ii.   Reports on inter-marriages
 iii.   Assistance-to-Nationals cases
 iv.    Head Count
                     NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
        SOURCES OF DATA

 Statistics on tourist arrivals from DOT

 Reports from Filipino associations and
  organizations overseas

 Reports from foreign Embassies and
  Consulates

 Census of foreign governments on their
  immigrant population
                  NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
LIMITATIONS AND CONSTRAINTS

 Double counting

 No comprehensive and accurate data on
  returning Filipinos

 No comprehensive data on 2nd and 3rd
  generation overseas Filipinos

 No available comprehensive data yet on
  those who acquired foreign citizenships

                    NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
  AREAS FOR IMPROVEMENT

 Use of embarkation and disembarkation
  card of Bureau of Immigration to enhance
  collection of data on departing and
  returning Filipinos

 Use of census on families of overseas
  Filipinos

 Enhance the collection of data of
  Philippine Embassies and Consulates

                  NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
    AREAS FOR IMPROVEMENT
 Adopt a specific and common procedure
  and mechanism in gathering statistics on
  overseas Filipinos (particularly on the
  number of irregular migrants)

 Adopt common definition of terms and
  international statistical standards

 Analysis and interpretation of statistical
 data and flow

 Conduct an international conference on
  stock estimation of migrants COORDINATION BOARD
                    NATIONAL STATISTICAL
    Department of Tourism: CONCEPTS


OUTBOUND PHILIPPINE RESIDENTS:
“    … departures of Filipinos who are
    permanent residents of the Philippines as
    well as aliens and naturalized citizens of
    the Philippines with permanent residence
    in the country.”


Source: DOT Statistical Report
                                 NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
 Travel and Tourism Statistical System
            (TTSS) by DOT

•Objectives
  –To generate statistics on the profile and
  travel characteristics of outbound Philippine
  residents, former Filipinos and overseas
  Filipinos




                      NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
        TTSS Scope and Coverage


Included in Visitor Count   Not Included in Visitor Count
  Tourist                       Transit /change plane
  Excursionist               Aliens with pre-arranged
  Cruise passengers               employment in Phil.
  Overseas Filipinos               Immigrants
                            Overseas Filipino workers
                                 Returning Residents




                            NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
          TTSS Scope and Coverage


Included in Outbound            Not Included in Outbound
Philippine Resident Count       Philippine Resident Count

  Overseas Filipino          Visitors/tourist to the Philippines
  Workers                           Overseas Filipinos
  Foreign Residents/Expatriates
  Filipino Residents




                               NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
     TTSS Sources
       of Data

Arrival/ Departure Card

The Arrival/Departure Cards
Processing Center (ADCPC)
located in NAIA is responsible
for the gathering, collection,
encoding, data validation and
downloading of initial files in
NAIA, Cebu, Laoag, Davao,
Subic and Clark. The
downloaded data are further
processed by the DOT’s TTSS.

                                  NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
                   TTSS Outputs

• Statistics on visitor arrivals by
   – country of residence
   – demographic profile
   – travel characteristics
   – mode of travel
   – port of entry
   – nationality
• Statistics on the actual volume of Overseas Filipino
  permanent residents abroad
• Statistics on former Filipino citizens by country of
  residence
• Statistics on Outbound Philippine residents

                             NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
               TTSS Outputs


• Statistics on Outbound Philippine Residents
  – by port of disembarkation
  – demographic profile
  – travel characteristics
  – by nationality
  – mode of travel
  – port of entry


                       NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
   3. Philippine Overseas
 Employment Administration
(POEA) and Overseas Workers
   Welfare Administration
           (OWWA)
   Shared OFW Database

             NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
                    Mandate

Sec 20 of Republic Act No. 8042
• Establishment of a Shared
  Government Information System for
  Migration
  DFA, Commission of Filipinos Overseas,
  DOLE, POEA, OWWA, DOT, DOJ,
  Bu of Immigration, NBI, NSO



                     NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
         Concepts & Definitions

• Migrant Worker or OFW - a person who is to
  be engaged, or has been engaged in a
  remunerated activity in a state of which
  he/she is not a legal resident

• Documented OFW - a migrant worker with
  valid visa or work permit whose employment
  contract has been processed by POEA


                  NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
        Concepts & Definitions

• Undocumented OFW - a migrant worker with
  insufficient employment documents, whose
  employment contract has not been processed
  by POEA
• Name-Hire - an OFW who was able to secure
  an overseas employment without the
  assistance or participation of any recruitment
  agency


                   NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
       Concepts & Definitions

• Worker on-Leave - an OFW who is on
  vacation and is returning to the same
  employer (Balik Manggagawa)
• Seafarer - Any person who is employed
  or engaged in any capacity on board a
  seagoing ship navigating the foreign
  seas other than a government ship used
  for military or non-commercial purposes
 e.g. fishermen, cruise ship personnel and those serving on
 foreign maritime mobile offshore and drilling units.

                        NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
   What is the NSO Survey on Overseas
             Filipinos (SOF)?


• A nationwide survey that gathers information on
  Filipino citizens who left for abroad during the last
  five years

• It is undertaken every year
  as rider to the October
  round of the Labor Force
  Survey (LFS)

   National Statistics Office   NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD 2
              Objectives of the SOF
• Obtain national estimates on the number of
  overseas Filipinos




• Provide estimates on the amount of cash
  received by the families
National Statistics Office   NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD 3
Who are the Overseas Workers?

 Filipinos who are presently and temporarily
  working overseas during the 5-year reference
  period.

 They may or may not have an existing work
  contract abroad.




      Landbased                                   Seabased
National Statistics Office   NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD 4
 OFWs in April to September 2004 reach
 1.18 million...
                                         2004
                                        1.18 M


                             20.2%

    2003
   0.98 M


National Statistics Office      NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD 6
OFWs in April to September
2004 reach 1.18 million...                                         17.7%


 2004                          OCW = 1.10 M                      1.18 M




 2003                          OCW = 0.93 M                      0.98 M



  National Statistics Office           NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD 7
      Majority of OFWs were in Asia...

 Asia
76.4 %                             Australia
                                    1.9 %
                                                          Saudi Arabia 258
                                      Europe                 Thousand
                                      10.7 %

                                     N & S America
                                         9.2 %
                                  Africa
         Other Countries          1.3 %
             0.5 %                                                Japan
                                                              115 Thousand
     National Statistics Office      NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD 11
Remittances from April to September 2004
    amounted to 79.3 billion pesos…


                             PhP 8.9 B           PhP 79.3 Billion



          PhP 70.4 Billion


                2003                                    2004
National Statistics Office         NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD 13
  Seven out of ten OFWs used banks in
    sending their cash remittances…

71.9 %




                     22.7 %

                              2.9 %          1.8 %           0.7 %

Banks                  Door   Agency      Friends/
                        to                                  Others
                       Door              Co-Workers
 National Statistics Office     NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD 14
More than 66 percent of the cash remittances
came from OFWs in Asia…
   N&S America                    Europe
  Total = PhP 7.2B             Total = PhP 8.4B
 Ave = PhP 80,800             Ave = PhP 81,000




                                                          Asia
                                                   Total = PhP 37.4B
                                                   Ave = PhP 52,000



 National Statistics Office                                               15
                                NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
      Current Initiatives in the PSS
• IAC on Shared Government Information System
  for Migration (IACSGISM)
  – Objectives/Plan: (1) Make available among all
    concerned information contained in existing
    databases; (2) Linking of databases for free-flow of
    data exchanges and sharing
  Lead: Department of Foreign Affairs assisted by the
    CFO
  Issues:
    Lack of funds in implementing an integrated
    system
    Convened last in 2002, but hold small group
    meetings with CFO
                            NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
        Initiatives in the PSS
• Central Bank’s IAC on Overseas
  Employment and Tourism Statistics
  – Aimed at rationalizing data collection and
    harmonize measurement methodologies
    concerning Overseas Filipino Workers’ (OFW)
    incomes and international travel variables
  – Initial outputs:
    • Assessment of current practices and
      methodologies
    • Average salaries of OFWs
    • Common methodology in estimating economic
      contribution of OFWs
                       NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
       Most Current Initiatives
• NSCB Task Force on Overseas Filipino
  Statistics’ Terms of Reference

  – Review and evaluate the data generation
    activities of all concerned agencies for
    monitoring the stock and flow of overseas
    Filipinos
  – Review concepts and definitions
  – Formulate recommendations on appropriate
    concepts and definitions and the estimation
    and utilization of data on the stock and flow
    of overseas Filipinos
                        NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
                   Outputs
• Assessment of existing data generation systems
  including issues and concerns of the various
  agencies
• Proposed Operational Framework which situate
  the Overseas Filipino Workers(OFWs) among the
  Overseas Filipinos (OF), and OFs classified into:
   – Permanent
   – Temporary
   Proposed Standard Concepts and Definitions


                         NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
               Framework
• Permanent Overseas Filipinos
• Temporary Overseas Filipinos:
  – Documented OFWs
  – Visitors
  – Undocumented Filipinos
  – Others (Students and dependents of OFWs,
    etc.)



                       NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
  Concept of Overseas Filipinos
• Are Filipino nationals abroad
  categorized as:

  – Migrant Workers
  – Permanent residents or immigrants
  – Former Filipino Citizens
  – Holders of non-immigrant visas like
    tourists/visitors, students, medical patients,
    those on official mission and others
  – Descendants of Filipino nationals overseas
                        NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
  Permanent Overseas Filipinos

• Shall mean Filipinos who are permanent
  residents abroad, including Filipino
  immigrants who are already citizens or are
  still Filipino citizens awaiting naturalization,
  recognition or admission




                         NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
  Temporary Overseas Filipinos

• Shall mean Filipinos whose stay overseas
  is employment related and are expected to
  return at the end of their work contracts
  (including their dependents), holders of
  non-immigrant visas like tourists/visitors,
  students, medical patients, those on official
  mission and others



                        NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
             Future Directions
• Optimal utilization of the A/D card to enhance
  collection of data on departing/returning Filipinos
• Revision of the A/D card to reflect information on
  length of stay and purpose of travel
• Adoption of common definitions
• Harmonization of reporting systems of DFA and
  CFO
• Revisiting the design of the NSO Survey of
  Overseas Filipinos
• Reactivating the IACSGISM

                           NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD
»Thank You!


       NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

								
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