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Kitchen User Manual

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					Kitchen User Manual
Instructions for use of appliances in the kitchen




There are many fire and safety hazards in the
kitchen; for your own safety please read this before
you use any electrical appliances provided in the
kitchen, even if you are an experienced cook.

Printed Autumn 2008


Please do not remove this guide from the kitchen
Kitchen user manual



Dear Resident

We hope that you will enjoy your time in the Residence.              Clean
This document is provided to raise your awareness of                 Get organised; agree a cleaning rota with fellow residents
hazards in the kitchen and assist you in keeping the kitchen         and purchase a joint supply of cleaning materials. Many
a safe and pleasant environment in which to store and                disputes arise as a result of residents not washing up after
prepare food.                                                        themselves or not keeping the kitchen clean and tidy.

Residents are jointly responsible for the condition of all           Assist College domestic staff who are responsible for
communal areas in the Residence, including kitchens and              regular cleaning (Brian Creamer House and The Rectory,
pantries. Communicate with others and establish some                 Hampstead, King’s College Hall, Wolfson House) or ad-hoc
ground rules early on; you will need to show consideration           kitchen cleans (Great Dover Street Apartments, Stamford
for others and should leave the kitchen as you would wish            Street Apartments).
to find it.
                                                                     Dispose
Please do not take/use other people’s food or kitchen                Dispose of your refuse in the designated refuse store and
utensils without their permission.                                   check packaging for recycling information. Do not allow
                                                                     refuse to accumulate in kitchens. Rubbish is a fire hazard,
We ask that you follow four simple rules to ensure your              attracts pests and produces unpleasant odours.
Residence remains clean, safe and environmentally friendly;
clean and vacuum regularly, dispose of your rubbish in the           Recycle
appropriate areas, recycle as much of your waste as you can          Remember the three ‘R’s’ – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.
and report any problems or faults to the Security Desk/              See page 13 for more information on recycling facilities
Residence Office as soon as possible.                                available.

You should avoid socialising in the kitchen/diners at night          Report
as you may disturb others.                                           Report any damage/malfunctions to the Security/
                                                                     Reception desk as soon as they are noticed. If a defect
You should avoid preparing hot food late at night. As well           or breakage is reported but has not been resolved within
as causing noise disturbance, accidents often occur late at          five working weekdays please advise the Residence Office
night when you are tired or are not concentrating.                   straight away.




 The College has taken all reasonable steps to make sure
 that the information in this document is accurate and up to
 date at the time of going to press. There may from time to
 time be disruption to facilities and services caused by
 circumstances beyond the College’s reasonable control (for
 example, disruption to power supplies, industrial action, fire or
 similar circumstances) and for which it is not possible to give
 advance notification.
                                                                 Kitchen user manual




Residence regulations regarding
residence kitchens
(From Guide to Living in Residences: Information
and Regulations. Regulations quoted refer to the
current regulations at the time of going to print)

11.10 In the interests of hygiene and safety, appropriate
    footwear and clothing should be worn in all communal
    areas of the residence.

12. Kitchens/Pantries
12.1 For health and safety reasons, the resident is required
    to show consideration to other users by washing
    up promptly and leaving the kitchen/pantry clean
    and tidy. Cooking equipment which is not left in a
    clean and tidy manner may prevent other residents
    from using the facilities and/or domestic staff from
    undertaking cleaning duties. Following two warnings,
    one of which will be written and which offer the
    resident(s) an opportunity to clear a kitchen/pantry, the
    Residence Manager will arrange for additional cleaning
    the cost of which will be charged to the residents of the
    apartment/corridor/block. The charge will be raised
    on the Resident’s account and may be set against the
    damage deposit in accordance with Regulation 3.4,
    Payment of Fees and Other Charges. Any items and/
    or perishable foods which may cause a hazard or are
    reasonably believed by the Manager to have been
    abandoned will be disposed of without further warning
    (such disposal may include donation of the items to
    charity as appropriate).
12.2 Cooking equipment, including refrigerators, kettles,
    toasters etc., may only be used in designated
    kitchens/pantries unless written permission has been
    granted by the Residence Manager. Equipment should
    not be left unattended when in use. Equipment which
    may be hazardous, including deep fat fryers, is not
    permitted.
12.3 For safety and to avoid disturbing others, the resident
    should avoid using kitchens/pantries between the hours
    of 0.00 and 6.00; during these hours permitted use is
    restricted to light snacks/drinks and particular care must
    be taken to keep noise/cooking to a minimum and to
    ensure that all equipment is switched off when not in use.




                                                                                   1
Kitchen user manual




Fire regulations electrical appliances
and smoking
Fire Safety                                                      5. All residences have fire and smoke detection. Detectors
•   Read the fire regulation documents provided in                  can accidentally be activated by steam from showers and
    your room.                                                      cooking, hairspray and deodorant spray. Exercise care!
•   Familiarise yourself with evacuation routes and the
    Assembly point.                                              6. Smoking is not permitted in any internal areas of the
•   Fire doors, including kitchen and corridor/apartment            College residences. In the grounds smoking is only
    doors must not be wedged or propped open.                       permitted in areas at some Residences which will be
•   Do not smoke or allow your guests to smoke in residence         designated for this purpose.
    premises.
•   Read the fire and emergency evacuation procedures and        7. Do not use flammable materials such as nail polish
    ensure that you understand them.                                remover, solvent adhesives, aerosols etc. if there is a
•   Ensure that all non-essential electrical equipment is           naked flame or electric/radiant gas fire in the room
    switched off at the mains and unplugged when not in use.        (use of such items is in any case prohibited in the
•   Do not tamper with fire prevention/fighting equipment           College residences).
    – it is a breach of College regulations and a criminal
    offence to do so.                                            8. Electrical appliances should be switched off and unplugged
                                                                    after use and whenever you leave the room. Multi-plug
Fire safety regulations                                             electrical socket adaptors should not be used.
Fire is the main hazard in residential accommodation. It
can cause death or severe injury and damage to property          9. Cooking appliances or apparatus must not be
but sensible precautions will reduce the likelihood of fires        used in the bedrooms.
starting and will protect against its consequences. These
notes describe the fire regulations, the necessary rules and     Any person who knowingly or recklessly misuses the
procedures which must be followed at all times to avoid the      fire extinguishers or hose reels or who sets off any fire
common fire hazards. Most people underestimate the speed         alarm without good cause will be subject to disciplinary
with which fire or smoke spreads in a building. For your         procedures. Such irresponsibility could endanger the safety
own safety always follow the rules:                              of fellow residents and cause considerable inconvenience;
                                                                 it could also lead to criminal proceedings against the
1. Make yourself familiar with the emergency escape              individual responsible.
   routes from your room, floor, common room, bar etc.
   Your nearest emergency escape route may not be the            If cooking catches fire in the oven:
   same as the normal route in and out of the building.          •       Turn off the oven and leave the oven door closed.
   Please note that some of the final exits from a building      •       Raise the alarm by activating the nearest fire alarm
   will be designated as emergency fire exits only and for               call point.
   security purposes should not be used for normal access        •       Inform Reception or Security who will call the
   to and from a building. Inform the Security Officer                   Fire Brigade.
   immediately if you find an emergency exit door opened         •       Evacuate the building and go to the Assembly Point.
   or an emergency escape fastening broken.

2. Do not obstruct fire exit routes or doors. If you find that
   these are blocked or that exit is restricted inform the
   reception or security straight away.                              In the event of a fire

3. Do not tamper with, obstruct or remove any notice or              On discovering a fire
   equipment provided for fire safety; do not obstruct or            •    Raise the alarm by using the nearest fire alarm. Break
   remove any such notices or equipment.                                  glass.
                                                                     •    Warn others nearby and inform Reception/Security Staff.
4. Fire doors prevent the spread of fire and smoke. Make             •    Do not use a fire extinguisher unless you know how and
   sure that they are kept closed and are not obstructed.                 it is safe to do so.
                                                                     •    Leave the building by the nearest emergency escape route,
                                                                          closing doors behind you, and go to the Assembly Point.
                                                                     •    Do not re-enter the building until instructed by staff to do so.



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                                                                                                                  Kitchen user manual



If a cooking pan catches fire:                                         14. Fire regulations, electrical appliances and smoking
1. Immediately turn off the heat if it is safe to do so.               (From Guide to Living in King’s Residences:
2. Raise the alarm by activating the nearest alarm call point.         Information and Regulations 2008-9)
3. Place a fire blanket, damp cloth or pan lid over the                14.1 Fire Regulations
   flames if you are able to do so.                                         a. The Resident must be familiar with the Residence
4. Evacuate the building and go to the Assembly Point.                         fire safety regulations which are provided in
5. Leave the blanket/cloth/lid in place (the blanket/cloth/                    the Guide to Living in King’s Residences include
   lid should not be lifted or removed from the pan until it                   important guidance relating to fire procedures
   has cooled over several hours or has been made safe by                      which, in the interest of everybody’s safety, must be
   the Fire Brigade). Do not attempt to move the pan and                       strictly complied with (see Fire Safety Regulations,
   do not add water.                                                           Section Two); any breach by the Resident of the fire
6. Inform the Reception or Security who will call the                          procedures will be considered in accordance with
   Fire Brigade.                                                               the Disciplinary Regulations (Residence Regulations
7. If you have used a fire blanket, ask for it to be replaced.                 26–28).

If a person’s clothing or hair is on fire:                                  b. Any breach by the Resident of the Fire safety
                                                                               regulations which are displayed in the residence
1. Force them to the floor and wrap them tightly in a
                                                                               and/or notified to the resident from time to time,
   blanket, rug or coat to extinguish the flames.
                                                                               including those as a result of negligent or careless
2. Then get them to cold running water or bring clean wet
                                                                               conduct will be considered in accordance with the
   cloths etc. to cool any burnt skin.
                                                                               Disciplinary Regulations (Residence Regulations
3. Do not roll the casualty along the floor. This can cause
                                                                               26–28).
   burning to spread to undamaged parts of the body, and
   cause other injuries.                                                    c. The Resident must make him/herself familiar with
4. Inform Security or Reception using the emergency                            the emergency escape routes and procedures. S/he
   telephone number and ask for medical assistance.                            must vacate the Residence immediately if the fire
5. If your own clothes catch fire, immediately lie on the                      alarm sounds, using the nearest fire exit and report
   floor and roll – do not run around. Inform Security or                      to the Assembly point which will be designated at
   Reception using the emergency telephone number and                          the Residence. S/he must not re-enter the Residence
   ask for medical assistance.                                                 until the person in charge has indicated that it is safe
                                                                               to do so.
If you hear the fire alarm:
                                                                            d. Knowingly giving a false alarm to the fire brigade and/
•   Everyone must evacuate the building immediately by
                                                                               or tampering with, obstructing or removing any notice
    the nearest exit and go to the Assembly Point. Do not
                                                                               or equipment provided for fire safety is a breach of
    stop to collect your personal belongings; do not use the
                                                                               College regulations and a criminal offence (Fire and
    lifts and do not run. If you have a visitor, make sure you
                                                                               rescue Brigade Services Act 2004 and the Health and Safety
    bring him/her with you.
                                                                               at Work Act 1974) and such misconduct will be dealt
•   Report to the person-in-charge at the Assembly Point.
                                                                               with in accordance with the provisions of Residence
                                                                               Regulation 10; the possible penalties as a result of such
If your escape route is blocked due to
                                                                               misconduct are detailed in Regulation 27.
smoke or fire:
•   Get inside a room and close the door; block the bottom                  e. Fire regulations permit a bedroom to be used, for
    of the door to prevent smoke getting in.                                   sleeping purposes, by a maximum of two persons.
•   Open the window and call for help.
•   Stay by the window and lean out of the window to
    breathe if you need to.                                             Fire extinguishers
The standard Fire Regulations displayed in the Residence must           •    Use a water extinguisher (red) for fires involving paper,
be read and obeyed at all times. Fire Drills will be held regularly.         wood, fabrics, plasters (do not use on electrical fires or
Standard procedures must be observed whenever the alarm sounds.              liquid fires such as oil).
                                                                        •    A foam extinguisher (cream band of colour on red
                                                                             extinguisher) can be used for most fires including
                                                                             liquid. Do not use foam extinguishers on fires involving
                                                                             electrical equipment.
                                                                        •    A dry powder extinguisher (blue band of colour on a red
                                                                             extinguisher) can be used on most fires including liquids
                                                                             and electrical equipment.
                                                                        •    Use a carbon dioxide or CO2 extinguisher (black band of
                                                                             colour on a red extinguisher) only for fires involving electrical
                                                                             equipment.


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Kitchen user manual




14.2 Electrical Appliances                                        14.3 Smoking and Candles
     a. The Resident must complete the Electrical                 The burning of any substance and/or use of a naked flame
        Appliances (ElectApp) form in respect of any              represents a fire hazard and is not permitted. Items found in
        electrical items that s/he wishes to bring to the         rooms must be immediately removed from the premises or
        Residence and return it, along with the Residence         handed to the Residence Manager for safe keeping.
        Agreement, to the Residence Manager. Any                  In particular:
        electrical appliances which are subsequently                  a. Smoking is not permitted in any internal areas of the
        introduced to the Residence must also be notified to             College Residences and the Resident must not smoke
        the Manager. The Residence Manager will inform                   or permit his/her visitors or guests to smoke whilst in
        the Resident as soon as possible after notification              the Residence buildings. Smoking in the Residence
        if permission is not granted for any specific                    grounds is not permitted except in areas at some
        appliance(s). Permission to bring personal electrical            Residences which are designated for this purpose
        items will not be unreasonably withheld but the                  (details are available at the Residence Office).
        Resident should note that permission will not be
                                                                      b. Candles, incense, oil burners, hookah/shisha pipes or
        granted for items which may cause a disturbance
                                                                         similar items must not be bought to, stored or used at
        or a hazard (for example extensive sound systems,
                                                                         the Residence.
        amplifiers, electrical heaters, cooking equipment
        such as deep fat fryers). Cooking equipment which is          c. Flammable materials such as nail polish remover,
        permitted may only be used in the kitchen/pantries.              solvent adhesive, aerosols etc. should only be
                                                                         used in accordance with the manufacturer’s
     b. Under the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989, all
                                                                         instructions and never in the vicinity of a source
        electrical equipment must have a safe installation,
                                                                         of ignition such as a naked flame/cigarette (use of
        including provision for switching off and isolating
                                                                         which within the College Residences is also a breach
        the electrical supply to any circuit, and installations
                                                                         of these Regulations).
        and appliances must be regularly tested. Appliances
        must be fitted with suitable fused plugs, and where           d. In accordance with the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
        necessary suppressors. Portable electrical equipment             and the College’s policy statement on drugs, the use/
        provided by the College will be tested each year; it             possession/supply of any proscribed drug is a breach
        is the responsibility of the Resident to ensure that             of College Regulations and a criminal offence and
        all portable electrical equipment that s/he brings to            such misconduct is dealt with in accordance with the
        the Residence has been tested and is kept in a safe              provisions of Residence Regulation 10; the possible
        condition. The Residence Manager reserves the right              penalties as a result of such misconduct are detailed
        to inspect all such equipment to ensure its safety;              in Regulation 27.
        where practicable, reasonable notice will be given in
        advance of such inspection.
     c. All electrical appliances whether provided by
        the Resident or the College should be used
        in accordance with the appropriate operating
        instructions. Additional instructions may be provided
        at the Residence as appropriate.
     d. Permission to use any electrical appliance(s) will be
        withdrawn if it is unsuitable, unsafe or abused. In
        such instances, the appliance(s) must be immediately
        removed from the premises or handed to the
        Residence Manager for safe keeping. Notification
        of the withdrawal of permission may be made orally
        or in writing depending on the circumstances and
        requirement for prompt action.
     e. The Resident is expected to maintain a reasonably
        safe environment, including ensuring personal
        equipment is safe and that cables do not present a
        trip hazard.
     f. The Residents is expected to comply with any local
        Residence policies or guidance regarding strategies for
        energy saving and/or reduction of carbon emissions.



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                                                                                                       Kitchen user manual




Using the appliances in the kitchen
Using the appliances in the kitchen                             Using the toaster safely
                                                                1. Place the toaster on a heatproof, even surface and away
Electrical safety advice                                            from blinds and curtains and away from water.
Depending on which Residence you are living at the              2. Plug the toaster in at the wall. Take care – appliances
appliances provided may vary. If you are unsure what should         in Residence kitchens are in regular use and the toaster
be provided please check with your Residence Office.                may still be hot. Select the correct setting for your
                                                                    bread. Use a lower number for thin bread and a higher
Generic instructions are provided to assist you in using            number for thick bread. The level will also depend on
the appliances. However please refer to the manufacturer’s          the moisture of your bread. Older bread will toast more
instructions where these are available and ask at the               quickly than new bread.
Residence Office if you are uncertain how to use appliances     3. Push the lever to lower the toast into the toaster.
provided by the College.                                        4. Never leave the toaster unattended when it is in use.
• Keep electrical cables away from the cooker.                  5. Evacuations are commonly caused by smoke emitted
• Switch off all appliances at night and when not in use            from burning toast passing through an open fire door
    (except fridges and freezers).                                  into the corridor and setting off a smoke detector. The
• Do not overload sockets.                                          door between the kitchen and the corridor is a fire door
• If the appliance is damaged or the lead is frayed do not          and must be kept closed at all times.
    use it.                                                     6. When the toast is done it should pop up. However if the
• Keep appliances away from water.                                  toaster fails to pop up, report the defect immediately to
• See www.direct.gov.uk/en/HomeAndCommunity for                     the Residence Office or Security.
    more detailed electrical safety advice.                     7. If the toast gets stuck or does not pop up, switch the
                                                                    toaster off at the wall socket and unplug it then wait for
Using the kettle safely                                             it to cool off. Do not attempt to dislodge food with the
1. Unplug the kettle and fill with the desired quantity             toaster switched on.
   of cold water. There may be a water gauge on the             8. Do not insert metal or any other utensils into the toaster
   outside of the kettle. If not there is usually a minimum/        as this could cause electric shock or fire.
   maximum level marked in side the kettle. Do not overfill     9. Check the crumb tray and empty it when it is full.
   the kettle or attempt to boil it with insufficient water.    10. Do not use the toaster if the crumb tray is not in place.
   There needs to be enough water in the kettle to cover        11. To clean the toaster, wipe it down with a damp cloth
   the element.                                                     when it is cool and unplugged.
2. Close the lid and place the kettle on a heat resistant,      12. Do not immerse the toaster in water.
   flat surface.                                                13. If the plug or electrical parts get wet the appliance must
3. Plug the kettle in at the wall, plug in the lead and             not be used until checked by an electrician.
   switch it on at the socket.                                  14. If the toaster or cable is damaged do not use it and
4. Flick the switch to start the kettle. A light will               report the damage to the Residence Office.
   illuminate to show it is on. The kettle should switch        15. If you wish to cancel the toasting cycle switch the
   itself off when it reaches boiling point.                        toaster off and unplug it unless your toaster has a
5. Unplug the kettle when it has boiled. Avoid touching             cancel button.
   the exterior of the kettle as it will be hot. Take your      16. The toaster is intended to toast bread only. Do not
   empty cup or pot to the kettle rather than carry a kettle        attempt to use the toaster to make toasted sandwiches or
   full of boiling water to your empty cup. Place the cup or        heat any other food.
   pot on the work surface so that if there are any spills it
   does not end up on the floor (causing slips) or yourself     Source: Morphy Richards Europa toaster
   (causing scalds). Do not pour from a height as this may
   cause splashes and/or scalding.                              Important safety notes
                                                                •   Never immerse the kettle in water.
Source: Haden Jug Kettle                                        •   Cleaning should be performed when the kettle is cool.
                                                                •   To clean, unplug the kettle and wipe with a damp cloth
                                                                    only; no cleaning products to be used.
                                                                •   If the kettle is leaking report it so that it can be replaced.
                                                                •   If the electrical connection is wet, do not use the kettle
                                                                    until it has been checked by an electrician.
                                                                Energy Saving Tip: By not overfilling kettles we could save enough
                                                                electricity to run all of the street lighting in the UK


                                                                                                                                     5
Kitchen user manual



Using the microwave oven safely                                  Check the wattage of your oven. Below is a guide with
How the microwave oven works                                     recommended power levels for different foods based on
In order to use the microwave safely it is helpful to have an    a 900W oven. Check the manufacturers guidelines if
understanding of how it works:                                   available. (Instruction manuals can often be downloaded
                                                                 from the manufacturer’s website free of charge).
Microwaves are a form of energy similar to radio and
television waves. Microwave ovens have a magnetron
designed to make use of the energy in microwaves.                 Power Level           Output       Use
Electricity is supplied to the magnetron tube and used to                                            Boil water
create microwave energy.                                                                             Brown minced beef
                                                                                                     Cook poultry pieces,
Microwaves enter the oven through the openings inside the         High                  900W
                                                                                                     fish, vegetables
oven walls. Microwaves can not pass through metal; they
                                                                                                     Cook tender
can penetrate glass, ceramic, cardboard and some plastics,
                                                                                                     cuts of meat
the materials out of which microwave-safe cooking dishes
are made. Although microwaves do not heat cookware it                                                All reheating
becomes hot from the heat of the cooked food.                                                        Roast meat and poultry
                                                                                                     Cook mushrooms
When the oven door is opened the oven automatically stops         Medium high           750W
                                                                                                     and shellfish
producing microwaves. Microwave energy is converted into
                                                                                                     Cook foods containing
heat when it enters food.
                                                                                                     eggs or cheese
Please note: food cooks much more quickly in a microwave
– take care not to overcook food.                                                                    Bake cakes
                                                                                                     Prepare eggs
                                                                  Medium                550W
Instructions for use of microwave oven                                                               Cook custard
1. Check the inside of the microwave and the turntable are
                                                                                                     Prepare rice or soup
    clean before you start.
2. Cover your food with a splatter guard and place it                                                All thawing
    on the turntable, inside the oven in an appropriate                                              Melt butter
    container. Follow cooking instructions and pierce the lid     Defrost/medium low    350W         and chocolate
    on any packaging or remove the container lid otherwise                                           Cook less tender
    steam builds up and causes explosions.                                                           cuts of meat
3. Close the oven door.
4. Foods with a shell, membrane or skin may need to be
    pierced before cooking to allow steam to escape for
    example potatoes, fish and sausages.
5. Select the right time and heat level setting and press the
    start button to begin cooking.
6. Do not place anything in front of the oven door.
7. Do not leave the microwave oven unattended
    when cooking.
8. The microwave will beep when it is finished. (When
    cooking liquids you should stop the cooking half way to
    stir the liquid).
9. Open the door when cooking is completed. Remove the
    dish and stir then leave the dish to stand for a couple of
    minutes as the food will continue cooking.
10. Switch off the microwave and unplug it when not in use.
11. Wipe up any spills in the oven immediately.




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                                                                                                      Kitchen user manual




Microwave safety points                                           Instructions for using the cooker safely
Microwave ovens are very safe but you must use                    Most cookers supplied in the Residences comprise a hob
them responsibly:                                                 (with four radiant rings for saucepans), an oven and a grill.
• Do not use metal or metal trimmed objects in the                We have provided instructions for using each one. Please
   microwave oven as microwaves can not penetrate metal.          refer to your manufacturers instructions if available as
   Metal objects cause arcing, an alarming phenomenon             they provide information specific to the model installed
   that resembles lightning. Likewise do not use foil to          in your kitchen.
   cover your food; use microwave safe cling film or a
   splatter guard.                                                General points
• Most ceramics, porcelain and heatproof glass (Pyrex)            •   Never leave your cooking unattended! Careless cooking
   can be used safely in the microwave.                               is the main cause of fire alarms in many residences.
• Plastic storage containers can be used but not for long         •   If you need to leave the kitchen whilst your food is
   periods as the heat will warp the plastic and damage your          cooking, switch off the oven or remove food from the heat
   containers                                                         as it may have caught fire or burnt before you come back.
• Plastic Bags – use only bags made for food use in the           •   Use dry oven gloves to remove foods from the oven and
   microwave. Pierce them so they do not explode.                     ensure you do not touch the shelves or oven walls. Never
• Only use the microwave for its intended use to prepare              use a wet tea towel as it will not protect you and you may
   food/drinks and never for any other purpose such as drying         get burnt as the heat turns the dampness to steam.
   clothes.                                                       •   Do not place anything plastic in the oven or on the hob;
• The UK Microwave Association has produced a fact                    it will melt.
   sheet for students with information and recipes:               •   Take care when heating fats as they will ignite if they
   www.microwaveassociation.org.uk/factsheets/students.php            become too hot. Deep pan frying is not permitted in
• Do not leave food unattended whilst the microwave is                the Residences.
   cooking. Check the progress during cooking by stopping         •   Use large enough utensils to prevent spillages and
   the oven at intervals to stir/check your food. It is easy to       boil overs.
   overcook food and microwave ovens have caused many             •   Never line the grill or any part of the oven with
   false fire alarms.                                                 aluminium foil. The Fire Service do not recommend
                                                                      lining the base of the grill pan with foil because it can
Source: Sharp SLM 209 Microwave oven                                  cause the fat to overheat and this can then catch fire.
                                                                  •   Ovens, grills and hobs are heavily used in the
                                                                      Residences and may still be hot from previous use.
                                                                  •   The oven or hob must not be used to boil wash laundry
                                                                      or to dry clothing.
                                                                  •   Never hang dishcloths, tea towels or clothing over the
                                                                      oven door to dry; this poses a fire hazard.
                                                                  •   Report any defects immediately and do not use any
                                                                      appliance if faulty. Never assume someone else has
                                                                      reported the problem. Never attempt to make repairs
                                                                      yourself.
                                                                  •   When you have finished using the hob, grill or oven
                                                                      please switch it off at the dial and at the wall socket.
                                                                  •   Allow the appliance to cool off before cleaning.
                                                                  •   Do not leave food in dishes in the oven, under the grill
                                                                      or in pans on the hob as someone may switch them on
                                                                      again in error.




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Kitchen user manual



Using the hob safely                                            Using the grill safely
1. Select the ring most appropriate to the size of your pan     •    Do not leave the grill handle in position when grilling as
   i.e. a small pan can use the smallest ring.                       it will become hot and may melt.
2. Turn the dial clockwise from the off setting to the          •    Always use dry oven gloves to withdraw the grill pan.
   required setting. The highest number is the hottest          •    The grill door must be kept open when the grill is on.
   setting; the lowest number is the coolest.                   •    Never line the grill pan with foil as fat can ignite and
3. Never leave the hob on when there in no saucepan on it.           cause fire.
   Switch off the hob when you have finished using it.          1.   The grill pan handle is removable. Latch the handle
4. Deep pan frying is not permitted. For fire safety reasons         onto the grill and check it is in position before you put
   do not fill pans more than a quarter full with oil.               any food on the grill.
5. Do not let pan handles stick out over the hob, turn them     2.   To operate the grill turn the grill control clockwise from
   is as they can easily be knocked over.                            the off position to the required setting. The highest
6. Steam will rise out of a boiling pan of water when you            number is the hottest setting; the lowest number is the
   take off the lid. Use a dry cloth or oven gloves to remove        coolest setting.
   the lid to avoid scalding.                                   3.   The grill handle should be removed whilst you
7. As there may be several residents using the kitchen               are grilling.
   when you have removed pans from the hob warn other           4.   Do not leave the grill unattended; you need to monitor
   people that the pan is hot.                                       the cooking.
8. Only put hot pans on heat resistant surfaces for example     5.   When the food is done, the grill pan must only be
   a trivet so that you do not damage the worktop.                   placed on a heatproof surface.
                                                                6.   Switch off the grill at the control button.
Using the oven safely                                           7.   Allow the grill pan to cool off then wash up the grill pan
Always stand back from the oven when opening the door to             after use. (Warn others not to touch it whilst it is hot).
allow steam of heat to come out.                                     Never put a dirty grill pan back under the grill. It may be
1. Check the instructions on your food packaging or on               switched on in error and fat can ignite and cause a fire.
    your recipe to get the required temperature. Turn the
    temperature dial to the required setting. It will take
    several minutes for the cooker to reach this temperature
    if used from cold. (Most ovens have a light which
    illuminates when the required temperature is reached).
2. Always use dry oven gloves to put things in the oven.
    Do not touch the shelves or walls of the oven.
3. The top shelf of the oven is the hottest; the bottom shelf
    is the coolest.
4. When removing food from the cooker take care to put
    hot equipment on a heatproof surface for example a
    trivet so that you do not damage the worktop.

Care and cleaning of the cooker
1. Clean the cooker and cooker top only when the
   appliance is switched off and is cold.
2. Clean the hob and outside of the oven with a mild
   detergent, not bleach, following the manufacturers
   instructions. Do this regularly as any build up of burnt
   food can cause a fire.
3. Clean the inside of the oven with a specialist oven
   cleaner, following the instructions on the packaging. Do
   not use bleach or mix different cleaning materials.

Source: BEKO DC3511 oven




8
                                                                                                   Kitchen user manual




Food hygiene and food safety
Before you start preparing food                                Please see page 8 – 9 in the ‘What Should I do?’ Students /
•   Tie back long hair and wash your hands thoroughly with     Young Persons Guide booklet you received when you arrived
    hot water, soap and a nail brush before handling food.     for more advice on food hygiene. A copy should be available
•   Cover any cuts or sores with a waterproof dressing.        on request from Residence Office.
•   Wash down the work surfaces with hot soapy water and
    a clean cloth before you start.                            The following food hygiene information below is taken
                                                               from the Southwark Council website:
Avoid cross contamination
•   Wash hands thoroughly after touching raw food.             What are high risk foods?
•   Keep raw and cooked foods separately.                      These are the foods that food poisoning bacteria prefer to
•   Raw meat should be stored in sealed containers on          grow on. These are generally perishable foods with a short
    the bottom of the fridge so that juices do not drip onto   shelf life.
    raw foods.
•   Cooked meat is stored on the top shelf away from           Dairy Products – Milk, cream, cheese (e.g. soft cheeses or
    raw meat.                                                  those ripened by mould or bacteria (e.g. Stilton), dairy
•   Scrub chopping boards with hot water and detergent         based desserts like fromage frais, mousses, crème caramels
    between use. Ideally you should have separate chopping     or products containing cream.
    boards for preparing raw and cooked meats.
                                                               Cooked Products – Foods containing eggs, meat, fish, dairy
Temperature control                                            products, cereals (including rice), pulses and vegetables or
•   Reheated foods need to be heated to be piping hot.         sandwiches that contain these ingredients.
    Reheat only once.
•   When cooking meat or poultry make sure the meat is         Sliced/cured meats – Like ham and smoked fish.
    cooked through, until the juices run clear.
•   Cold foods need to be stored below five degrees.           Prepared ready to eat foods – Such as prepared vegetables,
•   See the sections on fridges and freezers over the page.    vegetable salads like coleslaw or products containing
                                                               mayonnaise.
General points
•   Wash up in hot soapy water, not lukewarm water, as hot     It is important that high-risk foods are stored correctly to
    water is needed to kill the germs.                         limit the growth of bacteria and the likelihood that food
•   Regularly wash tea towels and replace/disinfect sponges    poisoning will occur. High risk foods should be kept under
    and dishcloths.                                            temperature controlled conditions, as indicated on the
•   Keep an eye on sell by dates and use by dates and          Manufacturers label.
    dispose of food which has expired.




                                                                                                                              9
Kitchen user manual




Cooking for yourself                                              defrost, so plan ahead and leave sufficient time for your
Just because you’ve never cooked before doesn’t mean you          frozen food to defrost properly before cooking. Meat and
will need to live on ready meals and takeaway food. Get           poultry are fully defrosted when the meat/body is pliable and
together with flatmates and friends to prepare meals and          for poultry, there are no ice crystals on or in the body cavity.
eat together; it can be sociable and fun. You don’t need
to buy recipe books, just use the internet to locate simple       Further guidance on food hygiene and safety can be found
recipes and the more you cook the better you will get. Try        on the Foodlink website on www.foodlink.org.uk
www.studentcook.co.uk, a really useful website with recipes,
cooking techniques, ideas for theme nights, recipes for           Using the fridge
eating on a budget, quick meals and lots of advice. The           Temperature Control – Generally the higher the number
BBC website has a handy recipe finder www.bbc.co.uk/food/         the colder the fridge will be. Refer to the manufacturers
recipes. Find recipes from all over the world at                  instructions where available.
www.recipes.wuzzle.org
                                                                  Do not leave the fridge door open for longer than necessary
Fridges                                                           and ensure you close it properly when you have finished.
Most of us will keep a variety of foods in our fridge. Some
items, such as high-risk foods, need to be refrigerated           Check the contents of the fridge weekly and dispose of out
but others, such as drinks, are chilled because we prefer         of date food regularly.
them cold.
                                                                  Using the freezer safely
High-risk foods should be kept in the coldest part of the         •   Follow the instructions on food packaging and keep for
fridge at a temperature between 0ºC and 5ºC. Cooked                   as short a time as possible.
foods that you want to save for later, should be cooled as        •   Refer to storage life guide on the inside of the freezer door.
quickly as possible, within 90 minutes, before placing them       •   Contact your Residence Office if you think the freezer
in the fridge. This is because some bacteria can survive              needs defrosting. Defrosting is messy and wet floors
the cooking process and will continue to grow in the food.            pose a safety hazard and should be done in consultation
Putting hot or warm food in a fridge will raise the internal          with all kitchen users.
fridge temperature, so ensure that food has cooled before it      •   Ice which builds up can be removed regularly with a
is put in the fridge.                                                 plastic scraper. Do not use metal utensils to scrape off
                                                                      ice as it can damage the freezer.
All foods should be wrapped in an appropriate wrapper/            •   Label your foods with the date, your name and the
container or covered and cooked food should always be                 contents and dispose of expired food.
stored on shelves above raw food, and raw meat should be          •   Do not put hot food in the freezer, cool it down first.
kept at the bottom of your refrigerator below all ready to        •   Keep the door of the freezer closed as the temperature
eat food. This is so that raw food cannot touch or drip onto          will be raised each time the door is opened.
cooked or ready to eat foods and contaminate them. Fridges        •   Ensure the freezer door is fully closed.
should not be overstocked as this will prevent cold air from      •   If you are sharing a freezer don’t overbuy provisions as
circulating properly, so if your fridge is too full ensure that       space may be limited.
high-risk foods are kept in the fridge but remove low risk
items that you might prefer to have chilled but for which
there will be no risk from keeping them in cupboards or
shelves.

Frozen Foods
Many chilled high-risk foods are suitable for home freezing,
but some are not. Always follow the manufacturer’s
instructions on the label.

Some frozen food products and ready-made meals can
be cooked from frozen, but most raw meat should be
thoroughly defrosted before cooking. Always follow the
manufacturer’s instructions on the label.

Frozen foods should not be left out on the worktop overnight
to defrost. They should be placed at the bottom of your
fridge, kept wrapped or covered and not put near any ready
to eat foods. This will take more time to for the food to


10
                                                                                                   Kitchen user manual



Using the vacuum cleaner safely                                 Using the iron safely
Your Residence Office or Reception will be able to advise       All residences provide ironing boards and some provide
you on local procedures for access to vacuum cleaners.          irons. Check local procedures with your Residence Office
• The vacuum cleaners provided in the Residences are            or Reception.
   not for vacuuming up liquids; do not attempt to use the      • When ironing you must always use an ironing board. Do
   vacuum cleaner to mop up liquids, use a mop and bucket.          not iron on the floor or on worktops.
• Never attempt to vacuum up glass or sharp objects.            • Fill the iron with water. Use a jug; do not immerse the
   Broken glass or crockery should be wrapped in                    iron in water.
   newspaper and disposed of correctly. Contact the             • Do not use if the iron itself or the cord is damaged. If
   Residence Office or Security for advice or assistance            the iron has been provided by the Residence report the
   with breakages.                                                  damage to the Residence Office or to Reception.
• Do not pull or lift the vacuum cleaner by its cable.          • Assemble the ironing board near a plug socket. Place
• Do not use the vacuum cleaner if there is any damage              the iron face down on the iron rest on the ironing board.
   to the cable.                                                    Plug in the iron and set it to the required setting. You
• If the bag is full the vacuum cleaner stops picking               should follow the care labels inside your clothes. If in
   up. Contact Security for advice on how to get                    doubt use a cooler setting. If you select a setting which
   replacement bags.                                                is too hot you will burn the fabric.
• Pick up what you can from the floor, the vacuum               • Do not touch the plate of the iron to see how hot it
   cleaner will get blocked if you attempt to pick up large         is. Most have an indicator light which illuminates or
   objects. When blocked it will stop and will not restart          extinguishes when the iron has reached the required
   until you have removed the blockage.                             temperature. (Check the manual if available to confirm
• Do not trail the cable across the corridor, unplug the            which way your iron works).
   cable and plug it in to a nearer socket.                     • Never leave the iron flat on an ironing board as it will
• Do not attempt to change the plug or fuse or repair the           burn the board.
   vacuum cleaner. Report the defect to a member of staff.      • When you have finished ironing please unplug the iron
• Do not handle the plug or vacuum cleaner with wet hands.          and keep it upright on a heatproof surface to cool off
• When you have finished with the vacuum cleaner wrap               before you put it away.
   the cord around it neatly and return it to storage. Do not   • If you bring your own iron make sure that it is regularly
   leave the vacuum cleaner in the corridor; someone may            tested and kept in a safe condition.
   trip over it.

Source: Numatic Henry Hoover




                                                                                                                           11
Kitchen user manual




General kitchen safety and hazard awareness
Reducing accidents:                                               Cuts
Potential injuries from kitchen hazards                           If you cut yourself wash the wound under cold water, wrap
                                                                  paper or a clean cloth around it to stop the bleeding and
Trips, falls, cuts, burns & scalds, chemical splashes             cover with a plaster.
Always report any injuries you sustain on College premises
to the Duty Manager, who can be contacted via security.           If the wound is deep apply pressure to it to stem the
                                                                  bleeding, elevate it and contact Reception or the Residence
    Reporting a medical emergency                                 Office for assistance. You may be advised to seek medical
    If you or another resident take ill or have an accident       attention.
    you should:
    1. Contact the Duty Manager, Reception or Security            Broken glass or broken crockery
        Depending on the seriousness of the problem they          •   Clean up broken glass carefully with a dustpan and
        will arrange to call a doctor, or if appropriate,             brush.
        send the person to casualty in a taxi/car or call an      •   Put broken glass in a safe container, ideally wrapped in
        ambulance.                                                    old newspaper then placed in a strong cardboard box
    2. If it is necessary to go to hospital, report to the Duty       secured with tape. Take it to the refuse area.
        Manager/Security and ask someone to accompany             •   Throw away cloths or sponges if there is a chance that
        the person. Please make sure that you take some               they contain fragments of broken glass.
        money for the return journey to the Residence.
    3. Write a short report, including names, times and           Burns and Scalds
        what action was taken, and pass it to the Residence       If you burn or scald yourself, immediately apply ice or cold
        Manager the following day. If you have an accident        water to the area for several minutes as this can reduce
        on College premises, fill in an accident report form.     blistering.
        The form can be found at: www.kclairs.com/index.htm
                                                                  If the burn is severe seek medical attention.

See Guide to living in King’s residences: Information &           Chemical Burns and Splashes
Regulations for full details regarding health and welfare         Cleaning products can contain harmful chemicals and
services.                                                         can cause injuries if used incorrectly.
                                                                  • Always read the instructions on the product before
Please take note of the following safety tips                        you use it.
• Use ‘wet floor’ signs when the floor has just been mopped.      • Never mix cleaning products together or decant them
• Mop up spills immediately and try not to leave the floor           into other containers as they can react to produce
   too wet.                                                          hazardous substances such as chlorine gas.
• Wear suitable footwear – toes should be covered as you          • Keep products sealed when not in use and store them
   may drop things on them.                                          away from food and cooking utensils. Cleaning materials
• Keep the floor clear of clutter to prevent slips and trips.        need to be stored in a separate cupboard.
• Never stand on tables, chairs or worktops to reach              • Use rubber gloves and wash your hands thoroughly after
   storage. If your kitchen cupboard is too high for you to          using chemicals.
   reach easily contact the Residence Manager.
                                                                  Residents should not bring any drain unblocking products
Knife Safety                                                      or pest control products into the Residence. Blocked sinks
•     If used correctly sharp knives are actually safer than      and pest control problems need to be reported to your
      blunt ones, so keep yours sharp.                            Residence Manager. Keeping the kitchen clean and storing
•     When using a knife do not cut towards you or your           food correctly helps prevent pests. Scraping plates before
      fingers.                                                    you wash them; using a colander to drain food and cleaning
•     Do not leave knives in the sink, they may cut someone.      out the plughole helps after use helps to prevent blockages.
      Wash them up separately.                                    Cooking oils and fats should not be poured down the sink;
•     Never carry knives around or remove them from the           decant them into a can or jar to dispose of them.
      kitchen.




12
                                                                                                         Kitchen user manual




Recycling information
The College residences have been working with the                   Some recycling facts:
London University Halls of Residence Recycling Project              •   One recycled tin can would save enough energy to
to promote and encourage recycling in the residences.                   power a television for three hours.
Recycling should begin from the day that you arrive at              •   It takes 24 trees to make one ton of newspaper.
the residence until the day that you leave and Residence            •   One recycled plastic bottle would save enough energy to
Managers are happy to discuss any ideas you may have                    power a 60W light bulb for three hours.
to improve recycling facilities. See www.crispej.org.uk for         •   Plastic can take up to 500 years to decompose
more information about the London University Halls of               •   The average person in the UK gets through 38kg of
Residence Recycling Project.                                            newspapers per year.
                                                                        Source: www.recycling-guide.org.uk
Moving in - Recycle                                                 •   On average every person in the UK throws away their
•   Think about recycling or reusing the packing materials              own body weight in rubbish every seven weeks.
    you used when you arrived at the College. Flatten                   Source: www.wastewatch.org.uk
    cardboard boxes and recycle them or store them to reuse         •   13 billion plastic carrier bags are used in the UK each year.
    when you move out.                                                  Source: Defra
•   Some residences offer re-use schemes and you may be             •   Making glass bottles and jars from recycled ones saves
    able to purchase used kitchen items at the beginning of             energy. The energy saving from recycling one bottle
    the year.                                                           will:
•   Local charity shops may have kitchenware to purchase                • Power a 100W light bulb for almost an hour.
    cheaply.                                                            • Power a computer for 20 minutes.
                                                                        • Power a colour television for 15 minutes.
Moving out – Recycle, donate                                            • Power a washing machine for 10 minutes.
•   If you have items that you are unable to take with you                Source: www.britglass.co.uk
    when you leave, consider giving them to other students
    or donating them to charity shops.                              Help save water
•   Some residences offer re-use schemes. Check with the            •   Report maintenance defects such as dripping taps; don’t
    Residence Office whether they are offering any schemes              assume someone else will report it.
•   Local doctors and dentists or hospitals may accept              •   A dripping tap can waste nine litres of water per week.
    donations of magazines.                                             Source: www.waterguide.org.uk
                                                                    •   Use a sink plug or washing up bowl when washing up
Minimising waste                                                        and when preparing vegetables; it uses less water.
•   Buy fruit and vegetables loose rather than packaged.            •   Chill drinking water in a jug in the fridge so that you don’t
•   Choose products packed in recyclable packaging.                     have to run water to get a cool drink.
•   Take your own carrier bags when you go shopping.
•   Ready meals are heavily packaged.
•   Choose energy efficient electrical goods. ‘A’ rating is
    best.
•   Use a hard plastic box to take lunch to College rather
    than using plastic and foil.
•   Takeaways generate lots of packaging; cook meals with
    friends instead.
•   Only print what you need, store documents
    electronically (but back up your work!).
•   Re-use scrap paper and use both sides.

What can be recycled?
Recycling provision varies from residence to residence
but paper (newspapers, greeting cards etc), cardboard
(boxes etc), plastic (drinks and toiletry bottles etc) batteries,
metal (drink cans and food tins) can generally be recycled.
The Residence Office can advise you what recycling
facilities are currently offered and discuss any other possible
recycling schemes you may like to discuss.


                                                                                                                                   13
Electrical safety: key points

•     Watch out for hot plugs and sockets, fuses that blow for
      no obvious reason, flickering lights, scorch marks on
      the sockets or plugs; they are all signs of loose wiring or
      other problems.
•     Do not plug adaptors into adaptors. Only use one
      adaptor per socket.
•     Do not allow the total current used by the appliances
      plugged into the adaptor to add up to more than 13
      amps of current altogether – or 3,000 watts of power.
      So, for example, you could have two 2 amp appliances
      and one 5 amp in an adaptor.
•     You should never run more than one appliance that uses
      a lot of current, such as a kettle or television, from one
      socket.
•     When you are not using electrical appliances, switch
      them off at the wall and unplug them.
•     Complete your Electrical Appliances Form and inform
      the Residence Office if you wish to bring additional
      electrical appliances into the residence.
•     The electrical supply is 240 volts AC.
•     If you have brought electrical appliances from overseas
      please check with the Residence Manager before using
      them as some appliances may not be suitable for use in
      this country.
•     If coloured wires are sticking out of the plug, not only
      could they be pulled loose but water and debris could
      get into the plug.
•     The outer cover of a power lead must not be damaged.
      If the power lead does get split or frayed, do not tape
      over it; water could get in, or the tape could come loose.
      Never join cables by taping them together.
•     If you plug too many appliances into an adaptor you
      could overload the socket, this can lead to overheating.
•     Do not leave power leads where they can be tripped
      over, near a source of water, or close to the cooker top.
•     Do not let cables or plugs get wet, and keep liquids away
      from electrical appliances. Make sure the kettle isn’t
      leaking and do not fill it up when it’s plugged in.
•     If you have any doubts regarding the safety of an electrical
      appliance do not use it; contact the Residence Office or
      Security.




    This booklet has been compiled by Residential Services as a
    general guide. For future years if you have suggestions for how
    it could be improved and/or for additional information please
    contact marina.hill@kcl.ac.uk

				
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