Jeff Hartman INVS 1000 9/4/07 Conceptions of the State Andrew Vincent Origin of the State began in the 16th century. The idea is argued to have originated from Machiavelli and Humanists like Bodin. Formal Characteristics of a State 1. Geographically Identifiable Territory 2. Authority overall citizens and groups within its boundaries 3. Authority is derived from a legal system 4. Embodies maximal control of resources and force 5. Seeks some legitimacy through recognition and acceptance of population 6. Sovereign with in its territory and internationally 7. A continuous public power distinct from rulers and ruled Approaches to Study a State 1. Juristic or Legal (hierarchal body of legal rules) 2. Historical (factors of growth related to the rise of the state) 3. Sociological/ Anthropological (function to mediate and reduce conflict and tension between different sectors of society) 4. Political-Scientific (empirical approach) 5. Philosophical/ Normative Corporatist Theories-One approach argues that the state and government are synonymous. The other says that the state is a fusion of certain important interests to the structure of government. 1. New form of economy and capitalism 2. Form of state within capitalist Society 3. A way in which social interests are organized and interact with state Marxist Thinking on the State 1.The state is oppressive and a coercive instrument to dominate bourgeoisie (affluent) class, while holding capitalism in place 2.State has relative autonomy from economic base and acts as a site of conflict between competing class interests. Economic Approach-state emerges from the logic of self-interested individual choice. A collective action to form objectives such as law, order, and defense. Classical Political Theory-Reflects the right, best, or more just order. The identity and nature of a state mirrors the values and ideas of civil existence. Jeff Hartman INVS 1000 9/4/07 Normative Theories of States 1. Absolutists- (Monarchs) 2. Constitutions- (Democracy/Socialism) 3. Ethical- (Greek Polis) 4. Plurists- (synthesis of living semi-Independent groups) not sovereign. The state needs to be looked at as separate from government. To see the full view of the state it needs to be looked at from a historical and sociological perspective along with the values and normative aspirations about civil existence.