Early Man History Worksheets by djt14765

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									                                                                                                     FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                      Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                        Fourth Grade: Colorado History


QUARTER 1 - Landforms and Ecosystems - The purpose of this unit is to introduce students to the geography and the flora (plants) and fauna (animals) of Colorado and how it relates to
the history of Colorado.    Resources: Colorado Alive! Lessons: "Geography of Colorado "
STANDARD Geography 1: Students know how to use and construct maps, globes, and other geographic tools to locate and derive information about people, places, and environments.

BENCHMARK       G1 A: Students know how to use maps, globes, and other geographic tools to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.

District             Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills       Assessment         Key           Suggested Instructional     Resources                Differentiation Adaptations/ Quarter
Indicator            Understanding/                                                  Methods            Strategy      Practices                                            Extensions                   Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary
Use tools (maps,     Maps, globes, and    What key elements    Use and construct     Using a            Content       Identify map elements       Raised relief map of     SpEd: Provide a CLOZE       1
globes,              geographic tools     help us understand   maps, globes and      completely         specific      (compass rose,              Colorado.                exercise for identification
photographs,         are used to locate   the information      geographic tools to   different map,                   key/legend, symbols, grid   My Colorado by Virden/   of elements.
graphs, charts,      information about    presented on maps?   acquire, process,     have student                     system, title) and use      Borg. Cottonwood Press   ELL: Have students match
and databases) to    places.                                   and report            identify the                     them to locate landforms    Inc. 2001.               key vocabulary to
locate information                                             information.          elements found                   and ecosystems of           Do Colorado! By Amy      definition and locate on a
about places.                                                                        and those that are               Colorado.                   Headley and Victoria     map.
                                                                                     missing. Explain                                             Smith, SPLASH!           GT: Do a survey of maps
                                                                                     how elements are                                             Publications 2004        to determine which
                                                                                     useful.                                                      (Teacher's Edition:      elements of maps are
                                                                                                                                                  pages 11-16; and         most often used and
                                                                                                                                                  Teacher's Resource:      which most often
                                                                                                                                                  Pages 44-57).            omitted.A50




               Revised
               4/17/2006
               jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                1
                                                                                                   FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                    Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                       Fourth Grade: Colorado History


QUARTER 1 - Landforms and Ecosystems - The purpose of this unit is to introduce students to the geography and the flora (plants) and fauna (animals) of Colorado and how it relates to
the history of Colorado.    Resources: Colorado Alive! Lessons: "Geography of Colorado "
STANDARD Geography 1: Students know how to use and construct maps, globes, and other geographic tools to locate and derive information about people, places, and environments.

BENCHMARK      G1 A: Students know how to use maps, globes, and other geographic tools to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.

District           Enduring            Essential Questions Essential Skills        Assessment          Key           Suggested Instructional     Resources               Differentiation Adaptations/ Quarter
Indicator          Understanding/                                                  Methods             Strategy      Practices                                           Extensions                   Taught
                   Conceptual
                   Vocabulary
                                       What geographic      Students create a      Students decide     Content       Identify and locate         Rendezvous with         SpED/ELL - Match names 1
                                       tools are used to    relief map of          which map would     specific      landforms and               Colorado History        of landforms with a picture
                                       locate information   Colorado;              be better suited                  ecosystems in Colorado      Chapter 2: 'Geography   or definition.
                                       about places in      demonstrate            for showing                       by examining, drawing       of Colorado"
                                       Colorado?            knowledge of           Colorado                          and/or constructing                                 GT - Use the "draw and/or
                                                            elevation and          Landforms; a                      physical maps.                                      construct" option for
                                                            landforms.¨ Create a   raised relief map                 Construct a raised relief                           instruction in "Suggested
                                                            political map of       or physical map.                  map of Colorado.                                    Instructional Strategies"
                                                            Colorado including     Students match                                                                        column
                                                            key map elements.¨     landforms with
                                                            Students create and    definition and
                                                            label ecosystem        picture.
                                                            dioramas.¨




              Revised
              4/17/2006
              jkw                                                                                                                                                                                               2
                                                                                                         FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                          Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                              Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Geography 2: Students know the physical and human characteristics of places, and use this knowledge to define and study regions and their patterns of change.

BENCHMARK        G2 A: Students know the physical and human characteristics of places.

BENCHMARK        G2 B: Students know how and why people define regions.

District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills       Assessment               Key           Suggested Instructional        Resources                   Differentiation              Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                  Methods                  Strategy      Practices                                                  Adaptations/Extensions       Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary
Identify and         Physical and         What are the         Define and study     Students identify McREL                 Read and discuss chapter Rendezvous with                   SpED/ELL - Listen to         1
describe human       human                regions of           regions of Colorado. the three major   Content               2 of Rendezvous with     Colorado History                  chapter on tape; teacher-
and physical         characteristics of   Colorado, and what   Take notes.          landform regions specific               Colorado History         Division of Wildlife              prepared notes using
characteristics of   places define        physical                                  of Colorado                                                      ecosystems posters                CLOZE format. Place
places, and use      regions.             characteristics                           (plains, peaks,                                                  http://wildlife.state.co.us/      landform region labels on
them to define                            define them?                              plateau) and                                                     kids                              a map of Colorado.
regions.                                                                            indicate their
                                                                                    general locations                                                                                  GT - Compare and
                                                                                    on an outline map                                                                                  contrast the
                                                                                    of Colorado.                                                                                       characteristics of two
                                                                                                                                                                                       regions of Colorado, and
                                                                                                   --------                                                                            explain what adaptations
                                                                                     ---                                                                                               would have to be made to
                                                                                                                                                                                       live in each region.




                                                                                            Using a
                                                                                     brief previously
                                                                                     unseen text,
                                                                                     students take
                                                                                     notes that meet
                                                                                     criteria of clarity,
                                                               Identify, describe,   Students match           Content       Study photographs to           Physical features:          SpED/ELL - Think, pair,      1
                                                               and illustrate        pictures of              specific      identify, describe, and        www.state.co.us/            share while studying
                                                               physical features     physical features                      illustrate physical features   photos/colorado/gallery/i   photographs.
                                                               and ecosystems        and ecosystems                         and ecosystems of              ndex.htm
                                                                                     with the                               Colorado.                      Bill Harris, Colorado: A    GT - Make models,
                                                                                     appropriate term.                                                     Photographic Journey        dioramas, etc. Investigate
                                                                                                                                                                                       how landforms influence
                                                                                                                                                                                       ecosystems.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                           3
                                                                                                     FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                      Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                         Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Geography 2: Students know the physical and human characteristics of places, and use this knowledge to define and study regions and their patterns of change.


BENCHMARK        G2 A: Students know the physical and human characteristics of places.
BENCHMARK        G2 B: Students know how and why people define regions.
District Indicator   Enduring            Essential Questions Essential Skills       Assessment           Key           Suggested Instructional       Resources                      Differentiation              Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                 Methods              Strategy      Practices                                                    Adaptations/Extensions       Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary
                                                                                                                       Study and discuss             Rendezvous with                SpED/ELL - Think, pair,      1
                                                                                                                       Division of Wildlife          Colorado History               share while studying
                                                                                                                       ecosystems posters.           Chapter 2. Teacher's           photographs.
                                                                                                                       Take a field trip to Denver   Resource Notebook -            Teacher prepared two-
                                                                                                                       Museum of Nature and          note taking sheets             column notes.
                                                                                                                       Science: Colorado Hall        Division of Wildlife
                                                                                                                       and "Edge of the Wild"        ecosystems posters.            GT - Make models,
                                                                                                                       exhibit; or Cheyenne          http://wildlife.state.co.us/   dioramas, etc. Investigate
                                                                                                                       Mountain Zoo.                 kids                           how landforms influence
                                                                                                                                                                                    ecosystems.



                                                              Locate and describe   Students locate      Content       Identify and describe         Do Colorado!                   SpED/ELL - On a simple       1
                                                              physical regions of   specific regions     specific      physical regions of           Resources - sections on        unlabeled physical map of
                                                              Colorado and their    on a map of                        Colorado and locate on a      Colorado's Regions,            Colorado, students place
                                                              characteristics.      Colorado. ---                      map: Plains, peaks,           Rivers and Lakes, and          labels on the
                                                                                    Students match                     plateaus, water features,     Points of Interest.            corresponding features of
                                                                                    characteristics to                 Continental Divide.                                          the map.
                                                                                    the region they
                                                                                    apply to.                                                                                       GT - Create a detailed and
                                                                                                                                                                                    accurate physical map of
                                                                                                                                                                                    Colorado.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                        4
                                                                                                        FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                         Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                          Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Geography 2: Students know the physical and human characteristics of places, and use this knowledge to define and study regions and their patterns of change.


BENCHMARK        G2 A: Students know the physical and human characteristics of places.
BENCHMARK        G2 B: Students know how and why people define regions.
District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills      Assessment            Key           Suggested Instructional      Resources               Differentiation            Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                 Methods               Strategy      Practices                                            Adaptations/Extensions     Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary
identify and         Physical and         What are the         Identify and describe Students place       Content       Identify and describe        Do Colorado!            SpED/ELL - Work with       1
describe human       human                regions of           Colorado              pictures of          specific      ecosystems of Colorado       Resources - sections on partners.
and physical         characteristics of   Colorado, and what   ecosystems.           Colorado flora                     and locate on a map:         Colorado's Mammals
characteristics of   places define        physical                                   and fauna under                    plants, animals, soil, and   and Birds.              GT - Create a diorama of
places, and use      regions.             characteristics                            the landform                       climate; grasslands, semi-                           one or more ecosystems.
them to define                            define them?                               heading they are                   desert scrublands, pinion-
regions.                                                                             most closely                       juniper woodland,
                                                                                     associated with.                   montane shrublands,
                                                                                                                        montane forest, subalpine
                                                                                                                        forest, alpine tundra,
                                                                                                                        riparian land.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                               5
                                                                                                      FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                       Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                          Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Geography 3: Students understand how physical processes shape earth's surface patterns and systems.
BENCHMARK        G3 A: Students know the physical processes that shape earth's surface patterns.
District Indicator   Enduring            Essential Questions Essential Skills         Assessment          Key           Suggested Instructional     Resources               Differentiation             Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                   Methods             Strategy      Practices                                           Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary
Physical processes Physical processes What are the            Define and study        Chapter 2           Content       Observe the outside         http://www.uen.org/Less SpED/ELL - Sketch a         1
                   shape the earth's  physical processes      regions of Colorado     assessment          specific      landscape: What do you      onplan/preview.cgi?Lpid sequence of pictures
                   surface.           that shaped the         and their patterns of   (including one      Rdg stndrd    see? How do you think it                            showing the process of
                                      earth's surface in      change.                 essay question –    1             got here?                                           formation of a Colorado
                                      Colorado?               Identify supporting     what are the                      Use science vocabulary                              landform.
                                                              details and main        physical process                  and concepts to review
                                                              ideas.                  that shaped                       process of landform                                 GT - Prepare a
                                                                                      Colorado – in                     creation, I.e. volcanoes,                           demonstration of a
                                                                                      other words, how                  uplift, earthquakes,                                physical process that has
                                                                                      did Colorado’s                    flooding, erosion, etc.                             shaped the Colorado
                                                                                      landscape get                     Explain the physical                                landscape (e.g. erosion,
                                                                                      here? What                        processes that shaped                               uplift, volcanism, etc.).
                                                                                      happened                          the earth's surface in                              Present to the class.
                                                                                      millions of years                 Colorado.
                                                                                      ago to cause what
                                                                                      you see today?)




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                               6
                                                                                                      FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                       Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                         Fourth Grade: Colorado History


QUARTER 2 - Early Coloradoans (Native Americans, Trappers, Traders, Explorers) - The purpose of this unit is to familiarize students with the people who played a major role in the
early economic and societal development of Colorado. General Resources for this unit: Text: Rendezvous with Colorado History by Dutton and Humphries; Video: America's Byways
Series: "Los Caminos Antiguos" (Medianet ID# 93406); Colorado Alive Lessons: "Early Coloradoans - Prehistoric People of Colorado"; and "Famous People"
STANDARD History 1: Students understand the chronological organization of history and know how to organize events and people into major eras to identify and explain historical relationships.

BENCHMARK         H1 B: Students use chronology to organize historical events and people.
District Indicator    Enduring            Essential Questions Essential Skills       Assessment         Key            Suggested Instructional      Resources                Differentiation               Quarter
                      Understanding/                                                 Methods            Strategy       Practices                                             Adaptations/Extensions        Taught
                      Conceptual
                      Vocabulary
Organize events       Chronology          How can events and Taking notes and        Students are        McREL         Read, take notes, discuss,   Rendezvous with          SpED/ELL - Teacher            1
and people in         organizes people    people of the Native summarize events in   given 4 or 5        Content       and summarize--              Colorado History -       prepared notes. Oral
history               and events and      American cultures    chronological order   cultural periods in specific      chronologically--            Chapter 3 and 4.         summary.
chronologically       helps explain       who have lived in                          the development                   Chapters 3 and 4 of          Teacher's Resource
(time lines, lists,   historical          the area now called                        of Native                         Rendezvous with              Notebook - note taking   GT - Develop a different
sequencing).          relationships.      Colorado be                                American                          Colorado History.            and summarizing          graphic organizer for note-
                                          organized                                  cultures in                                                    sheets.                  taking
                                          chronologically?                           Colorado. They                                                 Colorado Alive!
                                                                                     place them in                                                  Lesson: Early
                                                                                     chronological                                                  Coloradoans."
                                                                                     order.


                                                               Organize people and Use the student    Content          Create a timeline showing    Timeliner computer       SpED/ELL - Place names        1
                                                               events              created timeline   Specific         the prehistoric people       software;                of cultures on cards.
                                                               chronologically     of prehistoric                      groups: Clovis, Folsom,      Do Colorado! By Amy      Students arrange cards in
                                                                                   groups to answer                    Plainview, the Ancestral     Headley and Victoria     chronological order.
                                                                                   questions (I.e.:                    Puebloans (Anasazi, Cliff    Smith. SPLASH!
                                                                                   Which group                         Dwellers). Basket-           Publications 2004        GT - Create an illustrated,
                                                                                   disappeared first?                  makers, modified basket-     (Teacher's Edition:      annotated timeline of
                                                                                    What period of                     makers, Pueblo period,       pages 36-39).            Native American cultures
                                                                                   development                         Great (Classic) Pueblo                                in Colorado.
                                                                                   followed the                        period, the Utes the
                                                                                   modified                            Cheyenne, and the
                                                                                   basketmaker                         Arapaho.
                                                                                   period?




                  Revised
                  4/17/2006
                  jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                7
                                                                                                          FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                           Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                            Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD History 3: Students understand that societies are diverse and change over time.
BENCHMARK H3 B: Students understand the history of social organization in various societies.
District Indicator Enduring       Essential Questions Essential Skills         Assessment                   Key           Suggested Instructional     Resources                   Differentiation               Quarter
                   Understanding/                                              Methods                      Strategy      Practices                                               Adaptations/Extensions        Taught
                   Conceptual
                   Vocabulary

Describe cultural    Societies are      What cultural        Identify similarities   Students               McREL         Complete data retrieval     Rendezvous with             SpED/ELL - Work with a        1
similarities,        diverse and change characteristics      and differences.        complete a Venn                      chart of cultural           Colorado History            buddy on chart.
differences and      over time.         define each of the                           diagram and                          characteristics             Chapter 3 and 4.            Orally discuss similarities
interactions                            above cultures, i.e.                         short paragraph                      (technology, social         Teacher's Resource          and differences between
among various                           prehistoric peoples?                         comparing and                        organization, political     Notebook - data retrieval   two groups.
groups in both                                                                       contrasting any                      organization, beliefs) of   chart.
past and present.                                                                    two groups on at                     each tribal group, then     Do Colorado! - Ancient      GT - Create dioramas of
                                                                                     least three                          compare and contrast.       People section              tribal life. Include an
                                                                                     different cultural                                                                           explanation of each scene.
                                                                                     characteristics.




STANDARD History 4: Students understand how science, technology, and economic activity have developed, changed, and affected societies throughout history.
BENCHMARK H4 A: Students understand the impact of scientific and technological developments on individuals and societies.
District Indicator Enduring       Essential Questions Essential Skills        Assessment         Key         Suggested Instructional                  Resources                   Differentiation               Quarter
                   Understanding/                                             Methods            Strategy    Practices                                                            Adaptations/Extensions        Taught
                   Conceptual
                   Vocabulary

Identify and         Developments in       Which changes in     Use reading to       Use the essential      Rdg        Identify the changes in                                    SpED/ELL - Work with a        1
explain changes in   technology have       technology had the   define and solve     question as a          Standard 4 technology of the Native                                   buddy on a partially
technology           changed societies     greatest effect on   problems.            writing prompt.                   American cultures of                                       completed chart. Orally
(scientific          throughout history.   the prehistoric                           Be sure students                  Colorado and explain how                                   discuss changes.
achievements and                           cultures?                                 provide reasons                   these changes helped
inventions) and                                                                      for their choices.                them more effectively
how they changed                                                                                                       solve problems of                                          GT - Create a tool to solve
history.                                                                                                               everyday living.                                           a problem. Explain how
                                                                                                                                                                                  you would use it.




               Revised
               4/17/2006
               jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                        8
                                                                                                             FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                              Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                               Fourth Grade: Colorado History


History 5: Students understand political institutions and theories that developed and changed over time.
BENCHMARK H5 C: Students know how political power has been acquired, maintained, used and/or lost throughout history.
District Indicator Enduring       Essential Questions Essential Skills     Assessment          Key         Suggested Instructional                       Resources                   Differentiation             Quarter
                   Understanding/                                          Methods             Strategy    Practices                                                                 Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                   Conceptual
                   Vocabulary

Describe how and      Rules, laws, and      Which of the         Use reading to             Decide which        Rdg        Explain and evaluate the      Rendezvous with             SpED/ELL - Make a simple 1
why rules and laws    governments           prehistoric cultures define and solve           prehistoric         Standard 4 political organization of     Colorado History            diagram of the political
(government) have     develop and           seemed best able to problems                    culture was best               different cultures.           Chapter 3 and 4.            organization of one culture.
been made and         change over time.     govern itself?                                  governed. Defend                                             Teacher's resource
enforced.                                                                                   your answer with                                             Notebook - data retrieval   GT - Discuss whether or
                                                                                            at least 2 reasons.                                          chart.                      not the methods used to
                                                                                                                                                                                     govern were effective and
                                                                                                                                                         Do Colorado! - Ancient      explain reasons for
                                                                                                                                                         People section.             responses.



STANDARD History 6: Students know that religious and philosophical ideas have been powerful forces throughout history.
BENCHMARK H6 B: Students know how societies have been affected by religions and philosophies.
District Indicator Enduring       Essential Questions Essential Skills       Assessment                        Key           Suggested Instructional     Resources                   Differentiation             Quarter
                   Understanding/                                            Methods                           Strategy      Practices                                               Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                   Conceptual
                   Vocabulary

Identify beliefs of   Beliefs of            What do the            Identify supporting      Given a possible Rdg              Describe and compare the   Rendezvous with             SpED: Provide a CLOZE       2
individuals and       individuals and       characteristics        details and main         belief of one of       Standard 1 beliefs of different       Colorado History            exercise for identification
groups and their      groups have           (economic              idea. Similarities and   these groups,          McREL      cultures.                  Chapter 3 and 4.            of beliefs
effects on            powerful effects on   activities, social     differences              students return to                                           Teacher's resource          ELL: Have students match
societies.            societies.            organization,                                   the text to find at                                          Notebook - data             key vocabulary to
                                            political                                       least 2 pieces of                                            retrieval chart.            definitions .
                                            organization) of the                            evidence to                                                                              GT: Compare beliefs of
                                            prehistoric cultures                            support that                                                 Do Colorado! - Ancient      different cultures to
                                            tell us about their                             belief. --------------                                       People section.             current beliefs.
                                            beliefs?                                        Given a cultural
                                            How did the beliefs                             characteristic,
                                            of these cultures                               students explain
                                            affect the ways                                 what that tells
                                            people lived?                                   about the
                                                                                            culture's beliefs
                                                                                            and values.




                 Revised
                 4/17/2006
                 jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                       9
                                                                                                  FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                   Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                    Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD History 2: Students know how to use the processes and resources of historical inquiry.
BENCHMARK H2 D: Students know how to interpret and evaluate primary and secondary sources of historical information.
District Indicator Enduring       Essential Questions Essential Skills       Assessment         Key           Suggested Instructional              Resources                    Differentiation            Quarter
                   Understanding/                                            Methods            Strategy      Practices                                                         Adaptations/Extensions     Taught
                   Conceptual
                   Vocabulary

Use primary and     Processes and        How do we find out Interpret and         Given an example Content        Distinguish between              Simulated                    SpEd/ELL: Provide           2
secondary sources   resources of         about prehistoric   evaluate primary and of a primary      specific      primary and secondary            archaeological dig.          multiple examples of both
to ask and answer   historical inquiry   people of Colorado? secondary sources. source, and a                     sources.                         "Cliff Dweller's Kit" from   primary and secondary
questions (who,     lead to asking and                                            secondary one on                Interpret archaeological         Colorado Historical          and opportunities to
what, when, why,    answering                                                     a related topic,                artifacts. Simulated             Society                      identify each appropriately
how) about the      questions about                                               students identify               archaeological dig.              http:''www.coloradohisto     and define terms.
past and present,   the past and                                                  which is primary                Take a field trip to the Cliff   ry.org/programs/school_      GT: Have students use
and to determine    present.                                                      and secondary,                  Dwellings. Use student           prgms/edu_kits.htm           internet or library
cause and effect                                                                  then compose                    online resources.                Doing History website        resources to find
relationship.                                                                     one or two                                                       http://hewit.unco.edu/do     examples of primary and
                                                                                  statements about                                                 hist Ancient Puebloans       secondary sources on a
                                                                                  what these reveal                                                topic and Colorado           different topic.
                                                                                  about the topic.                                                 Indians topic.




              Revised
              4/17/2006
              jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                    10
                                                                                                  FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                   Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                    Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD History 2: Students know how to use the processes and resources of historical inquiry.
BENCHMARK H2 D: Students know how to interpret and evaluate primary and secondary sources of historical information.
District Indicator Enduring       Essential Questions Essential Skills       Assessment         Key           Suggested Instructional         Resources       Differentiation            Quarter
                   Understanding/                                            Methods            Strategy      Practices                                       Adaptations/Extensions     Taught
                   Conceptual
                   Vocabulary

                                                            Formulate questions Presented with a Content          Ask and answer              Same as above   SpEd/ESL: Focus on the      2
                                                            and hypotheses      historical source, specific       questions about artifacts                   5Ws and H. Provide a
                                                                                students ask a       McREL        and written materials                       sample source--e.g.. item
                                                                                relevant question                 about prehistoric people                    from a K, 1, 2 country kit.
                                                                                that is not directly              of Colorado.                                Have student practice
                                                                                answered by the                                                               asking questions to
                                                                                source. They                                                                  determine what it is and
                                                                                then formulate a                                                              how it might be used.
                                                                                possible answer                                                               Have students use the
                                                                                based on the                                                                  samples found in previous
                                                                                information                                                                   activity to formulate
                                                                                presented in the                                                              questions and make
                                                                                source and their                                                              hypotheses about the
                                                                                prior knowledge                                                               sources' origin and use!
                                                                                or experience.




              Revised
              4/17/2006
              jkw                                                                                                                                                                                  11
                                                                                                    FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                     Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                       Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD History 1: Students understand the chronological organization of history and know how to organize events and people into major eras to identify and explain historical relationships.


STANDARD History 2: Students know how to use the processes and resources of historical inquiry.
BENCHMARK H1 B: Students use chronology to organize historical events and people.
BENCHMARK H2 A: Students know how to formulate questions and hypotheses regarding what happened in the past and to obtain and analyze historical data to answer questions and test hypotheses.

District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills      Assessment         Key           Suggested Instructional     Resources               Differentiation              Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                 Methods            Strategy      Practices                                           Adaptations/Extensions       Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Use primary and      Processes and        Who explored the   Formulate questions    Prompt: What are McREL           Use resources to ask and    Rendezvous with         SpEd: Model use of          2
secondary sources    resources of         area now called    and hypotheses to      the two most                     answer questions about      Colorado History        how/why questions
to ask and answer    historical inquiry   Colorado, and why? obtain and analyze     important                        Spanish, French, and        Chapter 5. Teacher's    students lives then with
questions (who,      lead to asking and                      historical data.       questions to ask                 American explorers of       Resource Notebook -     first page of chapter.
what, when, why,     answering                               Taking notes and       when                             Colorado, and the           note taking and         ESL: Have student form
how) about the       questions about                         summarizing.           investigating the                reasons they explored       summarizing sheets.     questions in their native
past and present,    the past and                                                   early explorers of               Colorado.                                           language then translate.
and to determine     present.                                                       Colorado?                        Read, take notes, discuss                           GT: Expand beyond how
cause and effect                                                                    (Response should                 and summarize Chapter 5                             and why to ask all types of
relationship.                                                                       reflect questions                in Rendezvous with                                  questions based on notes.
                                                                                    beginning with                   Colorado History.
                                                                                    how and why.)                    Writing Activity: "Use
                                                                                                                     Your Imagination," page
                                                                                                                     76.




                                                               Use advanced         Use the chart to  McREL          Complete a data retrieval   See attachment          SpEd/ESL: provide a          2
                                                               organizers.          ask questions                    chart including: name of    "Colorado Exploration   partially completed chart;
                                                                                    based on the data                the explorer, country,      Chronology Activity"    complete in pairs or a
                                                                                    (e.g.: Which                     date, motive,                                       group.
                                                                                    country was most                 achievement,                                        GT: Discussion/writing
                                                                                    active in                        impact/importance.                                  prompt: Which
                                                                                    exploring                                                                            achievement had the
                                                                                    Colorado prior to                                                                    greatest impact? Provide
                                                                                    1850?)                                                                               reasons for the choice.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                             12
                                                                                                     FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                      Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                       Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD History 1: Students understand the chronological organization of history and know how to organize events and people into major eras to identify and explain historical relationships.


STANDARD History 2: Students know how to use the processes and resources of historical inquiry.
BENCHMARK H1 B: Students use chronology to organize historical events and people.
BENCHMARK H2 A: Students know how to formulate questions and hypotheses regarding what happened in the past and to obtain and analyze historical data to answer questions and test hypotheses.

District Indicator    Enduring           Essential Questions Essential Skills        Assessment        Key           Suggested Instructional    Resources                Differentiation            Quarter
                      Understanding/                                                 Methods           Strategy      Practices                                           Adaptations/Extensions     Taught
                      Conceptual
                      Vocabulary

                                                              Examine and explain    Have students     Content       Cause/effect graphic                                SpEd/ESL: review           2
                                                              historical             match 3 or 4      Specific      organizer - What caused                             meanings of the terms
                                                              relationships (cause   explorers with                  explorers to explore?                               "cause" and "effect" and
                                                              and effect).           their motivation/               What were the results of                            model using school or
                                                                                     reason for making               their explorations?                                 current events before
                                                                                     their explora-                                                                      applying to lesson.
                                                                                     tion(s).                                                                            GT: Students complete
                                                                                                                                                                         assessment for all
                                                                                                                                                                         explorers on the chart.




Organize events       Chronology         How can              Organize historical                      Content       Organize and make a        Do Colorado! - section   SpEd/ESL: Provide a        2
and people in         organizes people   information about    events and people                        specific      timeline of Colorado       on Colorado's            partially completed
history               and events and     CO explorers be      chronologically.                                       explorers.                 Explorers;               timeline.
chronologically       helps explain      organized                                                                                              Timeliner software.      GT: What relationships
(time lines, lists,   historical         chronologically?                                                                                                                can be seen by studying
sequencing).          relationships.                                                                                                                                     the timeline?+A65




                  Revised
                  4/17/2006
                  jkw                                                                                                                                                                                         13
                                                                                                     FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                      Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                       Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD History 3: Students understand that societies are diverse and change over time.
BENCHMARK H3 B: Students understand the history of social organization in various societies.
District Indicator Enduring       Essential Questions Essential Skills          Assessment             Key           Suggested Instructional      Resources               Differentiation            Quarter
                   Understanding/                                               Methods                Strategy      Practices                                            Adaptations/Extensions     Taught
                   Conceptual
                   Vocabulary

Describe cultural   Societies are      How did trappers       Identify similarities   Students          McREL        Read and discuss Chapter     Rendezvous with         SpEd/ESL: Review terms     2
similarities,       diverse and change and traders interact   and differences.        complete a Venn                6. Investigate and           Colorado History        and use two classroom
differences and     over time.         with the                                       diagram and                    describe the lifestyle of    Chapter 6 worksheets    items to make a simple
interactions                           environment and                                short paragraph                trappers and how they        from teacher's guide.   comparison before
among various                          with other cultures                            comparing and                  survived in the wilderness   Read Soaring Eagle by   completing comparison
groups in both                         in the area now                                contrasting the                of Colorado.                 Mary Peace Finley       based on reading.
past and present.                      called Colorado?                               lives of mountain                                                                   GT: Do similarities and
                                                                                      men with one of                                                                     differences between
                                                                                      the Native                                                                          miners" lives then and
                                                                                      American                                                                            miners' lives today.
                                                                                      cultures found in
                                                                                      Colorado.




                                                              Sort information as     Students           Rdg         Complete a                   Do Colorado! -          SpEd: Use a T chart to      2
                                                              it relates to a         complete a chart Stndard 5     compare/contrast             " Americans in          organize information on
                                                              specific topic or       with the headings              organizer about the          Colorado" section       trappers and traders.
                                                              purpose.                "Interactions with             trappers and traders, and                            ESL: Pairs act out an
                                                                                      the environment"               the Native Americans of                              interaction of a trapper or
                                                                                      and "Interactions              Colorado. G64                                        trader with environment or
                                                                                      with other                                                                          other cultures; other
                                                                                      cultures".                                                                          students identify it.
                                                                                      Students then                                                                       GT:
                                                                                      identify examples                                                                   Investigate and describe
                                                                                      for each as                                                                         interactions of trappers
                                                                                      related to                                                                          and traders with the
                                                                                      trappers and                                                                        cultures of that time in
                                                                                      traders or Native                                                                   Colorado, and explain how
                                                                                      Americans.                                                                          these interactions
                                                                                                                                                                          changed both cultures.




               Revised
               4/17/2006
               jkw                                                                                                                                                                                             14
                                                                                                       FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                        Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                         Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Geography 5: Students understand the effects of interactions between human and physical systems and changes in meaning, , use, distribution, and importance of resources.


BENCHMARK G5 A: Students know how human actions modify the physical environment.

District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills      Assessment           Key           Suggested Instructional     Resources                  Differentiation            Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                 Methods              Strategy      Practices                                              Adaptations/Extensions     Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Describe ways        Human activity       Which was greater-- Evaluate decisions   Use the essential     Content       Find out about the          Rendezvous with            SpEd/ESL: provide          2
humans change        changes and its      the impact of the   made about the use question as a           specific      lifestyle of a beaver and   Colorado History           background on the
the physical         affected by the      trappers on their   of scarce resources. writing prompt.                     its impact on the           Chapter 6 and              "beaver"--picture,
environment and      physical             environment or the                                                           environment. Consider       accompanying teacher       activities, where found,
how the physical     environment.         impact of the                                                                what might have             notebook - "Suggested      importance in early CO
environment                               environment on the                                                           happened to Colorado if     Activities"                GT: Research the current
affects human                             trappers?                                                                    so many beaver had not                                 status of the beaver in
activity.                                                                                                              been killed.                                           CO.I71


BENCHMARK E2 A: Students understand that different economic systems employ different means to produce, distribute and exchange goods and services.
District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills      Assessment           Key           Suggested Instructional     Resources                  Differentiation            Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                 Methods              Strategy      Practices                                              Adaptations/Extensions     Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Identify ways        Exchange of goods    How were goods        Investigate         Students work in Content           Examine artifacts from      "Mountain Man Kit"         SpEd/ESL: develop          2
goods and            and services leads   and services          decisions made      partners or       specific         kits of trappers and        from Colorado Historical   vocabulary
services are         to trade and         distributed through   about the use of    groups to develop                  traders.                    Society                    GT: provide examples of
distributed          interdepen-dence.    trade, exchange by    scarce resources.   a skit that                        Identify and describe       http://www.coloradohisto   trade and interdependence
through trade,                            trappers and                              accurately                         methods of trade used by    ry.org/programs/school_    from prior study of Native
exchange and                              traders?                                  portrays one                       trappers and traders.       prgms/edu_kits.htm         Americans.
interdependence.                                                                    method of trade                    Trade/barter simulation     Bents Fort website
                                                                                    used by the                        (see "Mountain Man Kit"     http://www.nps.gov/beol/
                                                                                    trappers and                       in resources section).      home.htm
                                                                                    traders.                                                       "Mountain Man Kit"
                                                                                    Individually,                                                  from PRC;
                                                                                    determine which                                                call 520-2743
                                                                                    method was best                                                Do Colorado! -
                                                                                    at the time.                                                   Americans in Colorado
                                                                                                                                                   section.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                15
                                                                                                           FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                            Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                              Fourth Grade: Colorado History


QUARTER 3 - Territory to Statehood - The purpose of this unit it to focus on the migration of non-native Americans to Colorado; and the transition of Colorado from Territory to Statehood.
           General Resources for this unit: Text: Rendezvous with Colorado History by Dutton and Humphries; Video; America's Byways Series: "Frontier Pathways" (Medianet ID#
93404); "Santa Fe Trail" (Medianet ID# 93408); "Peak to Peak" (Medianet ID# 93407); "San Juan Skyway" (Medianet ID# 93405); Colorado Alive! Lessons - "How is the Government of
Colorado Organized?"
STANDARD Geography 4: Students understand how economic, political, cultural, and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, interdependence, cooperation and conflict.

BENCHMARK G4 D: Students know the processes, patterns, and functions of human settlement.
District Indicator    Enduring               Essential Questions Essential Skills        Assessment          Key            Suggested Instructional       Resources               Differentiation          Quarter
                      Understanding/                                                     Methods             Strategy       Practices                                             Adaptations/Extensions   Taught
                      Conceptual
                      Vocabulary

Explain why           People migrate and     Why did non-Native    Take notes and        Sort various             McREL;     Read, take notes, discuss,   Rendezvous with         SpED/ESL: Review terms 3
people migrate and    settle in different    American people       summarize             reasons why              Rdg        and summarize Chapters       Colorado History        and use experiences of
settle in different   places for a variety   migrate to and        Sort information as   settlers                 Standard 5 7, 8, and 9 of Rendezvous    Chapters 7, 8, and 9    students who have
places.               of reasons.            settle in Colorado?   it relates to a       immigrated to                       with Colorado History        Teacher's resource      migrated to illustrate push
                                                                   specific topic or     Colorado                            Make a T-chart to identify   binder - note taking    (drought, war, disease,
                                                                   purpose               according to push                   the "push (why people        sheets                  etc) and pull (climate,
                                                                                         factors vs. pull                    leave) - pull (why people    Borg and Virden, My     military, jobs) factors
                                                                                         factors.----------------            are drawn to a place)"       Colorado, pages 34-35   GT: Compare reasons for
                                                                                         ---------Sort                       factors of migration to      Western Museum of       migration then with
                                                                                         push/pull factors                   Colorado.                    Mining and Industry     reasons in pioneer times.
                                                                                         into a cause/effect                 Field trip to Western        (719)488-0880
                                                                                         organizer.                          Museum of Mining and
                                                                                                                             Industry.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                  16
                                                                                                    FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                     Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                      Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Civics 1: Students understand the purposes of government and the basic constitutional principles of the United States' republican form of government.


BENCHMARK C1 A: Students know and understand what government is and what purpose it serves.
District Indicator   Enduring           Essential Questions Essential Skills         Assessment       Key           Suggested Instructional      Resources                Differentiation             Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                  Methods          Strategy      Practices                                             Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Explain how          Government         How did the settlers   Sort information as   Students           Rdg         Writing : Students write a   Rendezvous with          SpEd/ESL: develop           3
people get and use   involves people    organize               it relates to a       complete Student Standard 5    story about what they        Colorado History,        vocabulary
power and            acquiring and      themselves to          specific topic or     Resource 4 from                think it might have been     Chapter 10               GT: Use the newspaper to
authority.           using power and    maintain law and       purpose.              the lesson on                  like to live in a Colorado   Do Colorado! -           find examples of the work
                     authority.         order?                                       Colorado                       town before there was law    Teachers Edition, page   of each branch of
                                                                                     government in the              and order.                   53.                      government today.A82
                                                                                     "Colorado Alive!"                Graphic organizer: Make
                                                                                     booklet (page 33).             a chart depicting for each
                                                                                                                    situation, who makes laws
                                                                                                                    (legislative), who carries
                                                                                                                    the laws ( executive), who
                                                                                                                    enforces the laws
                                                                                                                    (judicial).




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                             17
                                                                                                               FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                                Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                                 Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Civics 2: Students know how to use structure and function of local, state, and national government, and how citizen involvement shapes public policy.
BENCHMARK C2 A: Students know the organization and functions of local, state, and national governments.
District Indicator     Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills           Assessment            Key           Suggested Instructional      Resources              Differentiation            Quarter
                       Understanding/                                                      Methods               Strategy      Practices                                           Adaptations/Extensions     Taught
                       Conceptual
                       Vocabulary

Explain how            Individuals and      How did the settlers   Take notes and          Ask questions         McREL         Read, take notes, discuss,   Rendezvous with        SpEd: Before reading,       3
governments are        groups make,         organize               summarize               that require                        and summarize Chapters       Colorado History       discuss classroom and
organized at the       enforce, and apply   themselves to          Identify similarities   students to refer                   7, 8, and 9 of Rendezvous    Chapters 7,8, and 9    school rules and why they
local, state, and      rules and laws       maintain law and       and differences.        back to their                       with Colorado History.       Teacher's resource     are necessary.
national levels and    (government).        order?                                         notes. (e.g.:                                                    binder - note taking   ESL: Discuss rules and
the responsibilities                                                                       What were                                                        sheets                 laws in countries of origin
of each.                                                                                   reasons for                                                                             and reasons for them.
                                                                                           forming mining                                                                          GT: Compare and contrast
                                                                                           districts?                                                                              systems of governing
                                                                                                                                                                                   developed by the settlers:
                                                                                                                                                                                   Mining districts,
                                                                                                                                                                                   towns/cities, Jefferson and
                                                                                                                                                                                   Colorado Territories.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                     18
                                                                                                       FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                        Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                          Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Civics 3: Students know the political relationship of The United States and its citizens to other nations and to world affairs.
BENCHMARK C3 A: Students know how and why governments…..interact politically.
District Indicator    Enduring                Essential Questions Essential Skills    Assessment          Key           Suggested Instructional      Resources                  Differentiation             Quarter
                      Understanding/                                                  Methods             Strategy      Practices                                               Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                      Conceptual
                      Vocabulary

Students know the People and nations          How did settlers     Advanced           Write a paragraph McREL           Use episode organizers of    Rendezvous with            SpEd/ESL: review            3
political             interact politically.   and Native           organizers         explaining the    Content         Sand Creek Massacre and      Colorado History           meanings of the terms
relationship of the                           American             Cause/effect       causes of one of specific         Meeker Massacre. Create      Chapters 7,8,9 See         "cause" and "effect" and
United States and                             populations interact                    the events of the                 a cause/effect chart to      attachment - McREL         discuss as with regard to
its citizens to other                         culturally,                             Indian wars in                    investigate and explain      Implementation Guide;      war.
nations and to                                politically, and                        Colorado, and the                 the causes and effect of     Strategy: Nonlinguistic    GT: Determine the most
world affairs.                                economically?                           effect(s).                        non-Native American          Representations; Sand      important cause and
                                                                                                                        settlement on Native         Creek Massacre             significant effect of the
                                                                                                                        Americans (Indian Wars).                                massacres.




STANDARD Geography 5: Students understand the effects of interactions between human and physical systems and changes in meaning, use, distribution, and importance of resources.

BENCHMARK G5 B: Students know how physical systems affect human systems.
District Indicator    Enduring                Essential Questions Essential Skills    Assessment          Key           Suggested Instructional      Resources                  Differentiation             Quarter
                      Understanding/                                                  Methods             Strategy      Practices                                               Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                      Conceptual
                      Vocabulary

Describe ways         Human activity          Which was greater - Cause/effect        Students           Content        Investigate and describe     Doing History! website -   SpEd/ESL: focus on one      3
humans change         changes and is          the impact of the                       complete an        specific       how the environment of       Miners lesson plans,       option at a time, I.e.
the physical          changed by the          settlers on their                       organizer where                   Colorado affected the        and Farmers and            impact of environment on
environment and       physical                environment or the                      only one or the                   lives of the settlers, and   Ranchers topics and        settlers,
how the physical      environment.            impact of the                           other is provided.                how the settlers' lives      lesson plans               GT: Use cause/effect to
environment                                   environment on the                      They complete                     affected the environment.    http://hewit.unco.         explain the relationships
affects human                                 settlers?                               the missing parts.                                             edu/dohist                 orally and in writing.
activity.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                   19
                                                                                                           FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                            Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                             Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Economics 1: Students understand that because of the condition of scarcity, decisions must be made about the use of scarce resources.
BENCHMARK E1 A: Students know that the economic choices are made because resources are scarce and that the act of making economic choices imposes opportunity costs.


District Indicator   Enduring            Essential Questions Essential Skills         Assessment             Key           Suggested Instructional     Resources            Differentiation             Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                   Methods                Strategy      Practices                                        Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Identify scarce      Decisions must be   How did the settlers   Identify key          Have students          Content       Define the economic        Rendezvous with       SpEd/ESL: provide clear     3
natural, human,      made about the      use scarce natural,    economic concepts.    match economic         specific      terms of scarcity, natural Colorado History,     and specific examples of
and capital          use of scarce       human, and capital     Sort information as   concept with           Rdg           resources, human           Chapters 8            each term, then have
resources and        resources.          resources to           it relates to a       definition then        stndard 5     resources, capital                               students provide
evaluate decisions                       produce goods and      specific topic or     give an historical                   resources, goods, and                            examples from their own
about how they are                       services?              purpose.              example of each.                     services.                                        experiences.
used.                                                                                                                      Describe the goods and                           GT: Using their study of
                                                                                                                           services the settlers                            Native American cultures,
                                                                                                                           produced and how they                            have students give
                                                                                                                           produced them.                                   examples of each term
                                                                                                                           Use Mining as a case
                                                                                                                           study - What resources
                                                                                                                           were scarce? How did
                                                                                                                           mining use resources?
                                                                                                                           What goods and services
                                                                                                                           were produced and used?




                                         How were the           Compare/contrast      Students          McREL              Compare/contrast Native Rendezvous with          See above!                  3
                                         methods used by                              complete a                           American economic            Colorado History,
                                         settlers and miners                          similarities and                     practices with the settler's Chapters 4, 7, 10
                                         different from the                           differences                          economic practices.
                                         way Native                                   organizer
                                         Americans                                    comparing and
                                         produced goods                               contrasting the
                                         and services?                                economic
                                                                                      practices of
                                                                                      settlers and
                                                                                      native Americans.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                               20
                                                                                                       FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                        Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                         Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Geography 1: Students know how to use and construct maps, globes, and other geographic tools to locate and derive information about people, places and environments.


BENCHMARK G1 A: Students know the physical and human characteristics of places.
District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills         Assessment        Key           Suggested Instructional   Resources                 Differentiation          Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                    Methods           Strategy      Practices                                           Adaptations/Extensions   Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Use tools (maps,     Maps, globes, and    How did Colorado       Use maps, globes,     Compare a         Content       Read and discuss          Rendezvous with           SpED/ESL: Have students 4
globes,              geographic tools     settlers alter their   and other             physical map of   specific      Rendezvous with           Colorado History          identify and define means
photographs,         are used to locate   environment to         geographic tools to   Colorado and a                  Colorado History,         Chapter 10. Teacher's     of transportation first,
graphs, charts,      information about    facilitate             acquire, process      transportation                  Chapter 10.               resource binder - note-   match to pictures if
and databases) to    places.              communication and      and report            map of Colorado.                Make and/or analyze       taking sheets and         needed, then match to
locate information                        transportation         information from a    Have students                   maps showing              suggested activities.     routes used for each.
about places.                             within and outside     geographic            identify one or                 transportation routes.                              GT:Using primary source
                                          of Colorado?           perspective           two ways in which                                                                   material, compare travel
                                                                                       the geography of                                                                    times using different
                                                                                       Colorado helped                                                                     forms of pioneer
                                                                                       determined                                                                          transportation.
                                                                                       transportation
                                                                                       routes and means.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                           21
                                                                                                   FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                    Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                      Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD History 4: Students understand how science, technology, and economic activity have developed, changed, and affected societies throughout history.
BENCHMARK H4 A: Students understand the impact of scientific and technological developments on individuals and societies.
District Indicator   Enduring              Essential Questions Essential Skills   Assessment         Key            Suggested Instructional     Resources                  Differentiation           Quarter
                     Understanding/                                               Methods            Strategy       Practices                                              Adaptations/Extensions    Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Identify and         Developments in       How did              Cause/effect      Write a paragraph Content         Describe the development    Doing History website      SpEd/ESL: List, illustrate 4
explain changes in   technology have       developments in                        comparing your      specific      of various transportation   http://hewit.unco.edu/do   and explain technology
technology           changed societies     technology change                      life as a 9- or 10-               and communication           hist/ Go to archives and   advances in transportation
(scientific          throughout history.   the way people                         year-old with the                 networks that developed     select "transportation"    and communication.
achievements and                           lived?                                 life of a pioneer                 during the nineteenth       theme                      GT: Compare text
inventions) and                                                                   child of your age.                century in Colorado.        "Mapping Colorado's        descriptions of technology
how they changed                                                                  Write another                     Explain the impact of       History" website:          advances to info on the
history.                                                                          paragraph                         various transportation      http://geography.unco.ed   website.
                                                                                  explaining how                    and communication           u/map_co
                                                                                  developments in                   networks on the
                                                                                  technology help                   environment and on the
                                                                                  account for the                   people who used them.
                                                                                  differences.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                            22
                                                                                                     FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                      Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                       Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Economics 3: Students understand the results of trade, exchange, and interdependence among individuals, house holds, businesses, governments, and societies.

BENCHMARK        E3 A: Students understand that the exchange of goods and services creates economic interdependence and change.

District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills    Assessment           Key           Suggested Instructional   Resources               Differentiation             Quarter
                     Understanding/                                               Methods              Strategy      Practices                                         Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Identify ways        The exchange of      How did             Cause/Effect        Prompt: In what      Content       Describe the impact of    Rendezvous with         SpEd/ESL: Provide          4
goods and            goods and services   developments in                         ways have            specific      developments in           Colorado History,       examples to illustrate the
services are         leads to trade and   technology affect                       changes in                         technology on trade,      Chapter 11         Do   connections between
distributed          interdependence.     trade, exchange and                     technology made                    exchange, and             Colorado, Teachers      technology developments
through trade,                            interdependence?                        the exchange of                    interdependence.          Edition, pages 66-69    and the 3 concepts.
exchange and                                                                      goods and                                                                            GT: Have students provide
interdependence.                                                                  services easier?                                                                     examples of impact of
                                                                                  In what ways has                                                                     technology from today.
                                                                                  it made it more
                                                                                  difficult?




STANDARD Geography 5: Students understand the effects of interactions between human and physical systems and changes in meaning, use, distribution, and importance of resources.


BENCHMARK        G5 A: Students know how human actions modify the physical environment.
District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills    Assessment           Key           Suggested Instructional   Resources               Differentiation             Quarter
                     Understanding/                                               Methods              Strategy      Practices                                         Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Describe ways        Human activity       How did              Cause/Effect       Give one example Content           Explain the impact of     Rendezvous with         SpEd/ESL: Review term       4
humans change        changes and is       developments in                         each, from the   specific          developments in           Colorado History ,      "physical environment."
the physical         changed by the       technology affect                       text, of how                       technology on the         Chapter 11              Provide a modern
environment and      physical             the physical                            technological                      physical environment.                             example, e.g. trash being
how the physical     environment.         environment?                            developments in                                                                      tossed into space by
environment                                                                       mining,                                                                              people in the space
affects human                                                                     agriculture, and                                                                     station; landfills using
activity.                                                                         transportation                                                                       special liners to protect
                                                                                  impacted the                                                                         from leaks.
                                                                                  physical                                                                             GT: Provide additional
                                                                                  environment of                                                                       examples from the text
                                                                                  Colorado.                                                                            and previous units.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                          23
                                                                                                    FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                     Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                      Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Civics 1: Students understand the purposes of government and the basic constitutional principles of the United States' republican form of government.

BENCHMARK        C1 A: Students know and understand what government is and what purpose it serves.
District Indicator   Enduring            Essential Questions Essential Skills       Assessment        Key           Suggested Instructional       Resources              Differentiation             Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                 Methods           Strategy      Practices                                            Adaptations/Extensions      Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Describe how and     Rules, laws, and    How did              Use chronology to     Use timeline to    Content      Make a timeline showing       Rendezvous with        SpEd: Provide a partly      3
why rules and laws   governments         Coloradoans          organize historical   answer questions specific       the sequence of events        Colorado History       completed timeline.
(government) have    develop and         organize             events and people     about the                       leading to statehood.         Chapter 10.            ESL: Provide timeline and
been made and        change over time.   themselves into a    Cause/effect          development of                  Field trip to State Capitol                          list of events to place
enforced.                                state within the                           state government.                                                                    correctly.
                                         United States?                              (e.g.: Which                                                                        GT: Simulate a mock
                                                                                    came first, mining                                                                   constitutional convention
                                                                                    districts or
                                                                                    territorial
                                                                                    government?)



Explain how          Government          How is the          Advanced organizers Students           McREL           Complete a graphic            Colorado Alive ! lesson SpED/ESL: develop         3
people get and use   involves people     government of                           complete Student                   organizer of the branches     on Colorado government vocabulary.
power and            acquiring and       Colorado organized?                     Resource 4 from                    of Colorado government                                GT: Use the newspaper to
authority.           using power and                                             the lesson on                      and the officials, duties,                            find examples of how each
                     authority.                                                  Colorado                           and responsibilities of                               branch affects peoples'
                                                                                 government in the                  each                                                  lives.
                                                                                 "Colorado Alive!"
                                                                                 booklet (page 33).




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                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                            24
                                                                                                       FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                        Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                         Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Civics 2: Students know how to use structure and function of local, state, and national government, and how citizen involvement shapes public policy.
BENCHMARK        C2 A: Students know the organization and functions of local, state, and national governments.
District Indicator     Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills     Assessment          Key           Suggested Instructional      Resources                Differentiation              Quarter
                       Understanding/                                                Methods             Strategy      Practices                                             Adaptations/Extensions       Taught
                       Conceptual
                       Vocabulary

Explain how            Individuals and      Which branch of    Compare and           Use essential       McREL         Describe and differentiate   Borg and Virden, My      SpEd/ESL: Prepare cards      4
governments are        groups make,         government has the contrast              question as a                     between the structure and    Colorado page 49         that allow students to
organized at the       enforce, and apply   most power?                              writing prompt.                   function of the three        Do Colorado! Teacher's   match branch with
local, state, and      rules and laws       Explain.                                                                   branches of Colorado         resource book, pages     structure and with
national levels and    (government).                                                                                   State Government:            126-131; Teacher's       function:
the responsibilities                                                                                                   Governor; Legislature;       edition, pages 58-61.    GT: Compare structure
of each (3-5).                                                                                                         Courts.                                               and function of branches
                                                                                                                                                                             at state and local levels.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                 25
                                                                                                      FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                       Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                         Fourth Grade: Colorado History


QUARTER 4 - Modern Growth and Change - The purpose of this unit is to understand Colorado in the modern world. General Resources for this unit: Text: Rendezvous with
Colorado History by Dutton and Humphries; Video: America's Byways Series : "Frontier Pathways" (Medianet ID# 93404); "Santa Fe Trail" (Medianet ID# 93408); "Peak to Peak"
(Medianet ID# 93407); Colorado Alive! Lessons - "Colorado Resources"
STANDARD Geography 5: Students understand the effects of interactions between human and physical systems and changes in meaning, use, distribution, and importance of resources.

BENCHMARK        G5 C: Students know the changes that occur in the meaning, use, location, distribution, and importance of resources.
District Indicator   Enduring            Essential Questions Essential Skills         Assessment         Key           Suggested Instructional    Resources                  Differentiation              Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                   Methods            Strategy      Practices                                             Adaptations/Extensions       Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Describe ways        Human activity      How does the          Relate the physical    Find a newspaper Content         Make Colorado travel       Doing History website:     SpEd/ESL: provide            4
humans change        changes and is      physical              environment to         article to         specific      brochures; utilize         http://hewit.unco.edu/do   examples to illustrate the
the physical         affected by the     environment affect    human activity of      illustrate one or                newspapers for current     hist/                      both effects of
environment and      physical            human activity        Coloradoans today:     more of the                      events; utilize water      Go to archives and         environment on human
how the physical     environment.        today?                East slope vs. West    issues listed                    conservation activities;   select "20th century"      activities and effect of
environment                              How does human        slope water issues;    under the                                                   topic.                     human activities on
affects human                            activity affect the   drought; Urban/rural   essential skill,                                                                       environment
activity.                                environment?          issues; recreation;    Classify --do they                                                                     GT: Find examples at the
                                                               tourism                represent an                                                                           national or international
                                                                                      impact of physical                                                                     level to answer the
                                                                                      environment on                                                                         essential questions.A129
                                                                                      humans, or a
                                                                                      human affect on
                                                                                      the physical
                                                                                      environment.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                 26
                                                                                                           FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                            Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                             Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Geography 6: Students apply knowledge of people, places, and environments to understand the past and present and to plan for the future.
BENCHMARK        G6 B: Students know how to apply geography to understand the present and plan for the future.
District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills          Assessment           Key           Suggested Instructional   Resources                  Differentiation               Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                     Methods              Strategy      Practices                                            Adaptations/Extensions        Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Apply knowledge   Geography helps         How has human          Relate the physical  See assessment         Content       Read and discuss          Rendezvous with            See above!                    4
of Geography:     explain changes in      interaction with the   environment to       method from            specific      Rendezvous with           Colorado History,
Describe how and places over time.        environment            human activity of    previous skill.                      Colorado History ,        Chapter 10, 11
why places change                         changed since          Coloradoans today:                                        Chapter 10, 11 Utilize
over time.                                Colorado became a      East slope vs. West                                       newspapers for current
                                          state?                 slope water issues;                                       events.
                                                                 drought; Urban/rural
                                                                 issues; recreation;
                                                                 tourism.




STANDARD Civics 4: Students understand how citizens exercise the roles, rights, and responsibilities of participation in civic life at all levels.
BENCHMARK        C4 D: Students know how citizens can participate in civic life.
District Indicator   Enduring             Essential Questions Essential Skills          Assessment           Key           Suggested Instructional   Resources                  Differentiation               Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                     Methods              Strategy      Practices                                            Adaptations/Extensions        Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Explain the rights, Citizens have         What are the most      Examine the rights,    List several         Content       Field trip to Capitol     Kids Voting USA            SpEd: give examples or        4
roles, and          rights, roles, and    important rights,      roles, and             possible             specific      Speakers from local and   http://www.kidsvotingus    rights, roles and
responsibilities of responsibili-ties.    roles, and             responsibilities of    purposes of                        state government.         a.org/                     responsibilities at the
students and                              responsibilities of    Colorado citizens:     government.                                                  Doing History website      classroom level
citizens in the                           the citizens of        voting, running for    Have students                                                http://hewit.unco.edu/do   ESL: Provide a list and
classroom, school,                        Colorado?              office, and            decide which are                                             hist/                      have students categorize
community, state,                                                volunteering.          the most                                                     Go to archives and         under the 3 Rs
and nation.                                                      Explain the            important                                                    select "20th" century      GT: Illustrate or role play
                                                                 purposes of            purposes of                                                  topic                      the 3 Rs
                                                                 government.            government and
                                                                                        which are not.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                                     27
                                                                                                       FOR TEACHERS BY TEACHERS
                                                                                                        Social Studies Curriculum Guide
                                                                                                         Fourth Grade: Colorado History


STANDARD Economics 2- Students understand how different economic systems impact decisions about the use of resources and the production and distribution of goods and services.


BENCHMARK E2 A: Students understand that different economic systems employ different employ different means to produce, distribute and exchange goods and services.

District Indicator   Enduring              Essential Questions Essential Skills        Assessment        Key           Suggested Instructional    Resources                  Differentiation            Quarter
                     Understanding/                                                    Methods           Strategy      Practices                                             Adaptations/Extensions     Taught
                     Conceptual
                     Vocabulary

Resources and        Resources are         What goods and       Identify goods and     Create a collage  Content       Read and discuss Chapter   Doing History website      SpEd/ESL: Focus on the     4
Production of        used to produce       services are         services currently     of pictures       specific      11 in Rendezvous with      http://hewit.unco.edu/do   1st essential question.
Goods and            and distribute        produced in          produced in            illustrating at                 Colorado History           hist/ Go to archives and   Reduce the number
Services: Explain    goods and services.   Colorado? How,       Colorado.              least 10 goods                  Field Trips - Molly        select "20th century"      required for the
how, why, and for                          why, and for whom    Explain how, why,      and or services                 Kathleen Mine, Western     topic Chapter 11 in        assessment, with
whom goods are                             are they produced?   and for whom they      that are produced               Museum of Mining and       Rendezvous with            sentence rather than
services are                               How do we make       are produced.          in Colorado.                    Industry                   Colorado History           paragraph writing.
produced.                                  decisions about      Identify the           Write a paragraph               Speakers from local                                   GT: Make connections
                                           how to use scarce    economic resources     explaining which                businesses or agencies                                between/among the 3
                                           resources?           of the state and how   one best                        Farmer's Market tour                                  essential questions.I141
                                                                they are allocated.    represents the                  Industrial tours
                                                                                       state of Colorado
                                                                                       and why.




                Revised
                4/17/2006
                jkw                                                                                                                                                                                               28

								
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