Employee Guide Safety in Workplace

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Employee Guide Safety in Workplace Powered By Docstoc
					 School Safety Training
Safety and Health Program




                            1/05
                          Notice
 This presentation is provided to all Educational Service
    District 101 (ESD 101) schools at no cost.
   This presentation contains copyrighted materials purchased
    by ESD 101 for the exclusive use of training school personnel
    within ESD 101.
   This presentation may not be reproduced except to print
    “handouts” or “notes pages” for use during training within
    ESD 101 school districts.
   If the school district does not have Microsoft’s PowerPoint
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   Questions may be directed to the ESD 101 Risk Manager.




                                                                    2
                   Goals

   Management’s responsibilities and
    commitment
   Hazard assessment
   Hazard controls
   Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
   Training
   Quiz



                                          3
          Safe Workplace Rule
          WAC 296-800-11005

Provide a workplace free from recognized hazards
 You must “provide your employees a workplace
  free from recognized hazards that are causing, or
  are likely to cause, serious injury or death.”
 A hazard is recognized
    • if it is commonly known in the employer’s industry, or,
    • if there is evidence that the employer knew, or,
    • should have known of the existence of the hazard, or,
    • if it can be established that any reasonable person would
      have recognized the hazard.


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            Core Elements

   Management leadership and commitment
   Employee participation
   Hazard identification
   Hazard controls
   Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
   Information and training
   Program evaluation


                                           5
      Management Leadership

   Recognize responsibilities of managers,
    supervisors, employees
   Designate person to respond to safety
    issues (Safety Program Manager)
   Delegate authority
   Provide controls and PPE
   Provide information and training
   Provide resources such as time and money


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    Management Responsibilities
 Support injury and illness prevention efforts
 Conduct safety audits and correct deficiencies
 Investigate all accidents
 Determine cause:
      • “action” (person) or,
      • “condition” (place or thing) or,
      • both
   Provide effective training
   Enforce safety rules and procedures
   Maintain compliance with WISHA requirements


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     Employee Responsibilities

   Report work-related
    injuries or illnesses
   Report unsafe conditions
    or work practices
   Wear required PPE
   Do not operate machinery or
    power tools unless trained
   Use safe lifting techniques
   Maintain good housekeeping



                                  8
      Safety and Health Policy

   Goal is to provide a workplace free
    of recognized hazards
   Comply with all WISHA safety standards
   Provide PPE
   Encourage employee involvement




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        Employee Participation


 Communicate
    workplace safety
    issues
   Provide relevant
    safety information
   Know how to
    report accidents and hazards
   Contribute to, and be involved in,
    your school district’s safety programs

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          Hazard Assessment

   Use a variety of types of examination
   Review safety and health information
   Conduct workplace inspections
   Evaluate equipment, materials, and
    processes
   Observe employees as they do their jobs
   Review all reported accidents



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           Facility Inspections

   Inspect for unsafe
    working conditions
   Inspect regularly
   Document the
    correction of
    unsafe conditions
   Involve employees
    in conducting self-inspections
   Utilize the K-12 Health & Safety Guide

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      Facility Inspection Forms

   Machines and equipment
   Electrical components
   Fire safety equipment
   Walking and working
    surfaces
   Chemical storage
    and handling
   General safety


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          Safety Suggestions

   Employees are a valuable resource in
    identifying/controlling workplace hazards
   Designate a place to turn in suggestions
   Provide a form for Safety Suggestions
   Discuss safety suggestions at all Safety
    Committee meetings
   Review and follow up on suggestions



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             Safety Committee
   Consists of administration, certified and classified
    employees
   Reviews safety programs and procedures
   Reviews accident reports and investigations
   Discusses & suggests improvement to safety and
    to the accident prevention program
   Reports observations of unsafe conditions
   Meets (at least) four times each year
   Send copy of minutes to ESD 101 Risk Manager
    immediately after each meeting for review


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        Accident Investigation

   Include all injuries,
    illnesses, first-aid
    incidents, and near-misses
   Investigate immediately
   Include management
    and employees
   Develop and implement
    corrective actions


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                    Goals

   Management’s responsibilities and
    commitment
   Hazard assessment
   Hazard controls
   Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
   Training
   Quiz



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Hazard Control
        Engineering controls
        Safe work practices
        Administrative controls
        PPE
          Safe Work Practices

   Develop safe work practices for each job
   Perform a Hazard Analysis
   Inspect equipment and work area
   List required PPE
   Reference other safety procedures




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      Safety Disciplinary Policy
   Knowing or intentional
    violation of safety rule
    or safe work practice
   1st offense— verbal
    or written warning
   2nd offense— written
    warning or suspension
   3rd offense—
    suspension or
    termination



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           Safety Leadership

   Motivate safe behavior by employees
   Encourage (require) use of PPE
   Recognition for safety suggestions
   Encourage reporting of near-miss incidents
   Recognition for involvement in the safety
    committee and/or the safety and health
    program



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           Conduct Training

   Safety orientation for all new employees
   When new processes or procedures
    are introduced
   As required by WISHA regulations
   When safety performance has been slipping
   Following an injury accident
   To keep employee safety awareness at
    a high level


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             Training Topics

   Contents of safety and health program
   How to recognize workplace hazards
   Hazard prevention and controls
   Specific job safety and health assessments
   Specific safe work practices
   Hazard analysis of specific jobs




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            Recordkeeping
Document the following:
 Safety training
 Hazard analysis
 Safe work practices
 Facility inspections
 Safety committee
  recommendations
 Accident investigations
 (Schools are exempt from
  “OSHA 300” requirements)

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          Program Evaluation

   Review the effectiveness of the school
    district’s safety program
   Update components annually
   Update if significant changes
    are made to facility or operations
   Involve certified and classified employees




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                   Goals

   Management’s responsibilities and
    commitment
   Hazard assessment
   Hazard controls
   Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
   Training
   Quiz



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                Summary

   Management’s committed leadership
   Employee involvement
   Hazard assessments
   Control of workplace hazards
   Personal Protective Equipment
   Employee training




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                        Quiz

1.   The Safe Workplace Rule requires employers to
     provide a workplace free of what?
2.   Name one thing that management can do to show
     commitment to the safety and health program.
3.   Name one thing employees can do to be
     involved in the safety and health program.
4.   The workplace should be inspected for
     unsafe conditions annually.        True or False
5.   Name two general items to look at when
     doing a facility self-inspection.



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                    Quiz (cont.)

6. When identifying hazard control measures,
   control with PPE first.            True or False
7. What is the goal of an accident investigation?
8. Name one way to encourage employees
   to follow safe work practices.
9. Name one of the topics that employees
   should be trained on.
10.Why is it important for employees to be
   involved in the safety and health program?



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                 Quiz Answers

1.   The workplace must be free of recognized safety &
     health related hazards.
2.   Conduct safety audits, investigate accidents,
     provide training, or support employee involvement.
3.   Report injuries, report unsafe conditions, wear
     PPE, etc.
4.   False. Self-inspect the facility on a more regular
     basis, such as monthly.
5.   Machines, electrical components, fire safety
     equipment, walking surfaces, etc.



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            Quiz Answers (cont.)

6. False. First look at engineering controls. Look at
   PPE last.
7. Determine causal factors and corrective actions.
8. Safety disciplinary policy and/or personal
   recognition.
9. Hazards of their job, control measures, or safe
   work practices.
10.Employees know best the hazards of their job.



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