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Every Child Matters in Herefordshire

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					Every Child Matters in
    Herefordshire




        Needs mapping




          Contact: Hilary Hall
   Performance Improvement Manager

                 March 2009
 (all information correct as at March 2009)


                                              1
Every Child Matters


    Herefordshire –
  the county context




                       2
          The geography…

 A predominantly rural county
  – 218,283 hectares
 The City of Hereford is the
  major centre of population
 There are five market towns –
  Ledbury, Leominster, Ross-
  on-Wye, Kington and
  Bromyard




 (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                        3
                The people…

 Herefordshire’s usual resident
  population is 178,400 – an
  increase of 0.3% over 2006
 The population density is 0.8
  persons per hectare – the 4th
  lowest population density in
  England
 Recent population growth has
  been more rapid in rural parts
  of the county; ‘rural town and
  fringe’ areas increased by 5%

 (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                        4
              The population
                 growth..

 The recent growth is entirely due
  to net in-migration
 There is an annual net in-flow of
  about 600 people migrating from
  the rest of the UK; three-quarters
  move from London and South East
  England
 There is a net in-flow of all ages
  except young adults aged 15-29.
 Immigration has increased year on
  year since the expansion of the
  European Union in 2004


  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                         5
      Population forecasts

 The total population in Herefordshire in
  2011 is forecast to be 182,400, a 2.6%
  increase from 2006
 The number of under 16s is forecast to
  continue to fall until 2016 with numbers
  then expected to stabilise at around
  29,000
 The number of people aged 65 and over is
  forecast to increase but more rapidly than
  in recent years. By 2026, the number of
  residents this age is forecast to be 61,000
  (68% higher than in 2006).
 In particular, the number aged 85 and
  over is expected to more than double
  from 4,800 in 2006 to 10,200 in 2026




  (Population projections and forecasts for Herefordshire, 2008)
                                                                   6
  Who’s coming…who’s
         going

 Mortimer ward experienced
  the greatest percentage
  increase in population
  between 2001 and 2005 of
  8%
 Populations of Aylestone and
  Three Elms wards fell by
  around 3% each
 Ledbury ward experienced the
  largest increase in absolute
  terms of an additional 500
  people

 (Population projections and forecasts for Herefordshire, 2008)
                                                                  7
          The age profile…

 Herefordshire has an older age
  profile than the rest of England
  and Wales – those aged 60 and
  over represent 27.9% of the total
  population
 27.2% of the population is under
  25, compared with 31% in England
  and Wales
 Since 2001, the numbers in most
  age groups has increased, except
  for age groups 1-14, 25-39 and
  50-54 where there have been
  slight decreases


  (State of Herefordshire Report 2007)
                                         8
              Deprivation…

 7 areas in Herefordshire are
  in the 25% most deprived in
  England – 6 in Hereford City
  and 1 in Leominster.
 Two of these areas also fall
  within the 20% most deprived
  – the Ridgemoor area in
  Leominster and Golden Post-
  Newton Farm in Hereford City
 There are significant areas of
  deprivation in small pockets
  throughout the county

 (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                        9
                  Ethnicity…

 The estimated resident
  population from an ethnic
  group other than ‘white-
  British’ in Herefordshire is
  7,200, which is 4% of the
  total population
 The county’s BME population
  increased by 64% between
  2001 and 2006 compared
  with a growth of 2% in its
  total population

 (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                        10
        Migrant workers…

 Herefordshire has seen the
  speediest increase in the number
  of migrant workers over the last
  four years of all areas in the West
  Midlands
 The largest group are Poles
 80% of migrant workers are aged
  under 35 and single – men
  outnumber females 2:1
 The median duration of stay is 17
  months
 The most important reason for
  migration is to earn money,
  followed by opportunity to learn
  English


  (Economic impact of migrant workers in the West Midlands, 2007)
                                                                    11
                           Pay…

 In 2008, people working in
  Herefordshire earned, on average,
  13% less than those working in
  the West Midlands region as a
  whole
 Average debt levels in the county
  have risen from £9,000 in
  2003/2004 to £26,700 in
  2007/2008
 Median earnings are lower in
  Herefordshire than West Midlands
  and England median earnings; the
  median gross weekly wage per FTE
  in 2008 was £389.40, compared
  with £448.90 in the West Midlands

  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                         12
                    Housing…

 Low levels of earnings, coupled
  with relatively high house prices,
  mean that affordability of housing
  is a major issue in the county
 There is a higher proportion of
  detached properties than other
  areas (2001 Census)
 …and a lower stock of affordable
  housing (2001 Census)
 Affordable housing prices are
  around £141,000, compared with
  £125,000 for England (HM Land Registry)
 A higher proportion of households
  own their house outright compared
  with nationally and regionally (2001
  Census)




  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                         13
                       In my house…

                        Urban           Rural town              Rural             Rural
                                                               village          dispersed

All                     34,500              7,951              16,145             15,608
households

Married                 16.2%              15.3 %              19.7%                20%
couple – dep
children
Married                  5.2%                 5%                6.5%               6.9%
couple – non
dep children
Cohabiting               3.6%               3.8%                2.8%               2.3%
couple – dep
children
Cohabiting               0.4%               0.2%                0.4%               0.4%
couple – non
dep children
Lone parent              6.6%               6.1%                4.1%               3.6%
– dep
children
Lone parent              2.9%               2.9%                2.4%               2.8%
– non dep
children
Other                    1.6%               0.8%                1.5%               2.2%
household –
dep children

Shaded cells show higher proportions of that household type in those particular types of location
                                                                                             14
              Employment…

 8 areas in the county fall within
  the 25% most deprived against
  the Employment Domain (Index of
  Multiple Deprivation) – 6 in
  Hereford City, 2 in Leominster
 Golden Post-Newton Farm also
  falls within the 20% most deprived
 The unemployment rate is 1.3%,
  compared with 3% for West
  Midlands (ONS, 2007)
 Ross-on-Wye and Leominster have
  the highest levels of
  unemployment (ONS, 2007)

  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                         15
              Employment…

 Herefordshire has a higher
  employment rate (80%) than the
  West Midlands (73%) and England
  (74%)
 Herefordshire has a higher proportion
  of part time employees (28%) than
  both the West Midlands and England.
 20% of Herefordshire residents are
  self-employed compared with 11%
  regionally
 Looking at total hours worked
  (median of 39.1 hours per week
  including overtime), people in
  Herefordshire work longer hours than
  the rest of the West Midlands and
  England (37.5 hours)

  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                          16
            Qualifications…

 Less than 20% of Herefordshire’s
  working age population have no
  qualifications
 People in Herefordshire are more
  likely to have a qualification than
  in the region as a whole
 There is a much lower proportion
  of people employed in technology
  and knowledge intensive industries
  compared regionally or nationally
  (17% compared with 24% and
  26%)



  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                         17
           Travel patterns…

 24% of residents travel less than
  2km to work
 15% of residents work from home
 There are 1.3 cars per household
 58% of residents travel to work in
  a car or van; 16% travel to work
  on foot or by bicycle
 46% of residents use the local bus
  service – 12% at least once a
  week (2006 survey)




  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                         18
                       Health…

 5 areas in the county, 4 in Hereford City
  and 1 in Leominster, fall within the 25%
  most deprived against the Health
  Deprivation and Disability Domain (Index
  of Multiple Deprivation)
 Herefordshire people are expected to live
  longer on average than the population of
  England in general.
 People generally enjoy above average
  health
 Life expectancy for men is 77.9 years and
  for women 82.8 years (based on 2004-2006 data)
 Circulatory diseases and cancer are the
  major causes of death
 Mortality rates in Herefordshire are 21.26
  per 100,000 population (based on 2003-2005
  data)




  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                               19
    Lifestyle perceptions…

 18% of adults define themselves
  as having a limiting long term
  illness (LLTI) (2001 Census)
 Herefordshire residents are more
  likely to describe their health as
  good than people across the region
  as a whole
 …and are more likely to eat the
  recommended 5 or more portions
  of fruit or vegetables each day
 The prevalence of smoking in
  Herefordshire is similar to the
  region
(2005 Regional Lifestyle survey)




   (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                          20
                        Crime…

 7 areas in the county fall within the 25%
  most deprived against the Crime and
  Disorder Domain (Index of Multiple
  Deprivation) – 6 in Hereford City and 1 in
  Ross-on-Wye
 2 areas in Hereford also fall within the
  10% most deprived (City Centre and
  Golden Post-Newton Farm)
 There was a 24% decrease in recorded
  crime from 2001-2002 to 2007-2008
 Violent crime was the most common
  crime over the last three years; robbery
  the least common
 The fear of crime has gone down across
  all crime categories between 2005 and
  2006



  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                           21
       Access to services…

 Most areas in the county fall within the
  10% most deprived against the Access to
  Services Sub-Domain (Index of Multiple
  Deprivation) – except those around
  Hereford City and the market towns
 This measures road distances to a GP,
  supermarket, primary school and Post
  Office
 65% of Herefordshire households are
  within 4km of a supermarket compared
  with 98% in West Midlands and England
 The Golden Valley area has very low
  proportions of households within set
  distances of nearly all services, with the
  exception of secondary schools




  (Commission for Rural Communities, 2008)
                                             22
 Every Child Matters


Children and Young People
     in Herefordshire




                        23
Every Child Matters


Summary of population
    aged 0-24




                        24
      Population summary

 27.2% of the population is under
  25, compared with 31% in England
  and Wales
 The proportion of under 16s in the
  county (18%) is similar to the
  national figure (19%)
 Numbers of under 5s in the county
  fell by 7% between 2001 and
  2007, compared with a 4%
  increase in England and Wales
  overall
 The only average net out-flows are
  in the 15-29 year old age group

  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                         25
      Population forecasts

 The total population in
  Herefordshire in 2011 is forecast
  to be 182,400, a 2.6% increase
  from 2006
 The number of people aged 65 and
  over is forecast to increase but
  more rapidly than in recent years.
  By 2026, the number of residents
  this age is forecast to be 61,000
  (68% higher than in 2006).
 In particular, the number aged 85
  and over is expected to more than
  double from 4,800 in 2006 to
  10,200 in 2026


  (Population projections and forecasts for Herefordshire, 2008)
                                                                   26
   Population forecasts –
     children specific

 The number of under 16s is
  forecast to continue to fall
  until 2016, although at a
  slightly slower rate than in
  recent years.
 Numbers are then expected
  to stabilise at around 29,000
  (8% below 2007 levels)




 (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                        27
Every Child Matters…


     Deprivation




                       28
        Income deprivation

 Herefordshire has 7 of the most
  deprived 25% areas in England
  (mostly in Hereford but also in
  Leominster and Bromyard) in
  relation to income deprivation
  affecting children
 Two of these are also in the worst
  10% nationally – Golden Post-
  Newton Farm (Hereford City) and
  Ridgemoor Ward (Leominster)
 In the Ridgemoor Ward in
  Leominster, 53% of children live in
  income deprived households
 About 4% of pupils across the
  county are eligible for free school
  meals

  (State of Herefordshire report 2008)
                                         29
30
Every Child Matters…


    Under 5 years




                       31
    Key data – population
          of wards

 4.8% of the Herefordshire
  population is aged between 0-4
  years
 There are five wards in
  Herefordshire where the ward
  population of 0-4 year olds is more
  than 6% (Kington Town, Sutton
  Walls, Belmont, St Martins and
  Hinton and St Nicholas)
 22 wards have a ward population
  in this age range of less than 4.4%




  (Mid-2007 ward estimates)
                                    32
33
   Key data – population
     of Herefordshire

 The highest concentration of
  Herefordshire’s population in
  this age group is in the
  following wards:
     Ledbury
     Three Elms
     St Martins and Hinton
     Belmont




 (Mid-2007 ward estimates)
                                  34
35
       Key data – under 5s

 In 2007-2008, 37% of Herefordshire
  mothers were still breastfeeding their
  babies at 6 weeks of age
 99.2% of three year olds accessed a
  high quality early years place in 2007-
  2008
 There are 9 Children’s Centres in the
  county offering integrated early
  education and childcare, support for
  parents and access to health and
  specialist services for families.
 Parents have a right to 5 x 2½ hour
  free education places per week for
  their 4 year olds (and older 3 year
  olds) at approved settings


  (Performance Digest 2008/2009)
                                        36
      Key data – under 5s

 The number of new births is
  likely to be stable over the
  next 20 years at 1,600-1,700
  per year
 Fewer than 1 in 5 (17%) of
  pregnant women who are
  smokers quit during
  pregnancy




 (Joint Strategic Needs Assessment, 2008)
                                            37
Every Child Matters…


     5 – 9 years




                       38
    Key data – population
          of wards

 5.4% of the Herefordshire
  population is aged between 5-9
  years
 There is a fairly even spread of
  children in this age group across
  all wards
 In 9 wards, the population of 5-9
  year olds is more than 6.2%
  (Kington Town, Bringsty, Sutton
  Walls, Belmont, St Martins and
  Hinton, Old Gore, Backbury, Keme
  Bridge and Golden Valley South)



  (Mid-2007 ward estimates)
                                  39
40
   Key data – population
     of Herefordshire

 The highest concentration of
  Herefordshire’s population in
  this age group is in the
  following wards:
     Ledbury
     Three Elms
     St Martins and Hinton
     Belmont
     Tupsley




 (Mid-2007 ward estimates)
                                  41
42
           Key data – health

 An average of 1.78 teeth per
  5 year olds is either missing,
  decayed or filled, compared
  with 1.02 for the West
  Midlands
 On average, children aged 5
  years of age have 17.58
  sound teeth




  (British Association for the Study of Community Health, 2005-2006)
                                                                       43
          Key data – obesity

 13.2% were classified as overweight and
  8.9% as obese in Reception
 14.6% were classified as overweight and
  16.2% as obese in Year 6
 The rate of obesity in Year 6 children
  measured appears to be lower than the
  national average whilst the rate of
  overweight appears to be higher.
 These observed differences are not
  statistically significant suggesting that
  Herefordshire has obesity rates much in
  line with the rest of the country, (ie
  nearly one in three Year 6 children
  measured are overweight or obese)



  (Height and weight survey – Reception year and Year 6
  children 2007/8)
                                                          44
           Key data – pupil
             attainment

Key Stage 1 results
 (Level 2B+)
 (June 2008)
 Reading – 70% (71% in
  2007)
 Writing – 54% (55% in
  2007)
 Maths – 71% (72% in
  2007)

 (Performance Digest 2008/2009)
                                  45
           Key data – pupil
             attainment

Early Years Foundation
 Stage (June 2008)
 42% of children achieved at
  least 78 points across the
  Early Years Foundation Stage,
  compared with 48% in 2007
 A higher proportion of
  ‘summer born’ children, boys
  and pupils with additional
  needs has contributed to the
  decline.


 (Performance Digest 2008/2009)
                                  46
Every Child Matters…


    10 – 14 years




                       47
   Key data – population
         of wards

 6.2% of the Herefordshire
  population is aged between
  10 and 14 years
 There are 8 wards in
  Herefordshire where the ward
  population is more than 7%
  (Mortimer, Bircher, Hagley,
  Upton, Valletts, Wormsley
  Ridge, Hope End and
  Belmont)



 (Mid-2007 ward estimates)
                             48
49
   Key data – population
     of Herefordshire

 The highest concentration of
  Herefordshire’s population in
  this age group is in the
  following wards:
     St Martins and Hinton
     Belmont




 (Mid-2007 ward estimates)
                                  50
51
         Key data – lifestyle
            perceptions

 64% of the pupils live with mother
  and father together; 14% live with
  just mother
 About a third of pupils have a
  regular paid job – usually paid
  housework, babysitting or
  paper/milk rounds
 27% of pupils spent over £10 in
  the week before the survey – boys
  mainly on sweets and soft drinks;
  girls on clothes/footwear and
  mobile phones
 71% of pupils worry about at least
  one problem ‘quite a lot’/’a lot’ –
  boys about exams/test and family
  problems; girls about their looks
  and exams/tests

  (Teenage Lifestyle Survey 2006)
                                    52
         Key data – lifestyle
            perceptions

 26% had at least one alcoholic
  drink in the week before the
  survey and 7% smoked at least
  one cigarette during the last week
 31% reported they were ‘fairly
  sure’/’certain’ that they knew
  someone who used non-medicinal
  drugs
 The most commonly taken drug
  was cannabis
 29% of pupils had taken painkillers
  in the last week
 34% reported that they felt afraid
  of going to school because of
  bullying at least sometimes


  (Teenage Lifestyle Survey 2006)
                                    53
         Key data – lifestyle
            perceptions

 Just over half of the boys and girls
  said they knew where to get
  condoms free of charge – 58%
  thought they were reliable for
  preventing pregnancy
 14% reported that they had been
  a victim of violence/aggression in
  their area in the last year
 17% reported having nothing to
  eat or drink for breakfast on the
  day of the survey
 70% of pupils reported doing
  sufficient exercise to increase their
  breathing rate – most popular
  physical activities for boys were
  riding a bike and soccer and for
  girls going for walks and netball

  (Teenage Lifestyle Survey 2006)
                                      54
             Key data – exam
                 results

June 2008 exams – 15 year olds

 53.2% achieved 5 or more
  GCSE A*-C, including English
  and Maths, compared with
  51.7% in 2007
 93.7% achieved 5 or more
  GCSE A*-G, including English
  and Maths (93.6% in 2007)
 68% achieved 5 or more
  GCSE A*-C (62% in 2007)



   (Examination results 2008)
                                 55
             Key data – exam
                 results
(June 2008 exams – 11 year olds)

 79% achieved level 4 or above in
  Key Stage 2 English (81% in 2007)
 77% achieved level 4 or above in
  Key Stage 2 Mathematics, the
  same as in 2007
 29% achieved level 5 or above in
  Key Stage 2 English (35% in 2007)
 29% achieved level 5 or above in
  Key Stage 2 Mathematics (34% in
  2007)




   (Examination results 2008)
                                   56
            Key data – caring

 17 dependent children provided 15
  hours or more unpaid care, mostly
  aged between 12 and 14 years (2001
  Census)
 Herefordshire has a slightly lower
  proportion of young carers (1.1%
  compared with 1.3% regionally
  and nationally)
 The proportion of pupils caring for
  family members increases with
  age, particularly for females –
  50% of Year 10s (2006 lifestyle survey)
 16% of 13-18 year olds have
  caring responsibilities for a brother
  or sister, 6% for a parent (2007 Youth
  Survey)




  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)
                                         57
        Key data - bullying

 24% of young people reported being
  bullied in the last 12 months
 The most common type was ‘people
  calling them names or making things
  up to get them in trouble’
 Younger ages were more likely to say
  that they had been bullied
 The majority of bullying takes place at
  school or college
 47% had asked for help or advice
  with 39% saying that it had been
  dealt with ‘very seriously, the bullying
  stopped’



  (Youth Survey 2007)
                                         58
Every Child Matters …


     15 – 24 years




                     59
    Key data – population
          of wards

 10.8% of the Herefordshire
  population is aged between 15 and
  24 years
 There are 7 wards in Herefordshire
  where the ward population is more
  than 12.1% (Kington Town, Castle,
  Three Elms, Tupsley, Central, St
  Martins and Hinton and Belmont)
 9 wards have a ward population in
  this age range of less than 9.1%




  (Mid-2007 ward estimates)
                                   60
61
   Key data – population
     of Herefordshire

 The highest concentration of
  Herefordshire’s population in
  this age group is in the
  following wards:
     Three Elms
     St Martins and Hinton
     Belmont




 (Mid-2007 ward estimates)
                                  62
63
           Key data – health

 The number of sexually
  transmitted diseases is rising
  sharply
 Chlamydia infections are up
  from an average of 214 in
  2003-2005 to 1,046 in 2007
 Part of the rise is due to
  better screening capacity
 The prevalence of Chlamydia
  remains around 6%, below
  the national rate of 10%

  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008 / Performance Digest 2008/2009)
                                                                   64
        Key data – teenage
            pregnancy

 Teenage pregnancy rates are
  relatively low in Herefordshire
  although there are significant
  ‘hotspots’, notably in Hereford City
  and Leominster
 2007 figures show a 7.4% increase
  on the 1998 baseline after several
  years of reductions against the
  baseline
 In 2007, 48% of conceptions in
  15-17 year olds girls led to
  terminations. Evidence also shows
  a rise in the number of repeat
  pregnancies linked to a increased
  termination rate

  (Performance Digest 2008/2009)
                                     65
      Key data – education,
     employment or training

 5.4% of 16-18 year olds in
  Herefordshire were not in
  education, employment or training
  (NEET)
 100% of looked after children aged
  16-18 were engaged in education,
  employment or training (EET)
 77.1% of 16-19 year olds with
  learning disabilities or difficulties
  were in EET
 26% of 16-19 year old teenage
  mothers were in EET


  (Performance Digest 2007/2008)
                                      66
Every Child Matters…


    Children in care




                       67
                      Key data

 The number of children in care in
  Herefordshire averages around
  150
 The majority are placed in local
  authority foster care…
 …and the majority of children are
  aged over 10 years
 On average, less than 10% of
  looked after children have three or
  more placements during the year
 Over 98% actively participate in
  their reviews


  (Performance Digest 2008/2009)
                                    68
    Key data – attainment

 Over the last three years, at least
  80% of young people left care with
  at least 1 GCSE at A*-G or GNVQ
 Around 7% of looked after children
  miss a total of at least 25 days of
  schooling during the year
 In 2008, 1 child in the cohort of 4
  achieved level 4 in Key Stage 2
  English and 2 children achieved
  level 4 in Key Stage 2 Maths
 29% of the cohort achieved 5 A*-C
  GCSEs including English and Maths


  (Performance Digest 2008/2009)
                                    69
Every Child Matters…


    Child Protection




                       70
                      Key data

 The number of children subject to
  a child protection plan averages
  around 54
 The biggest category is for neglect
 The number of children with a
  child protection plan doubled
  between January 2008 and
  January 2009
 In 2007/2008, there were 19.1
  children subject to a child
  protection plan per 10,000
  population aged under 18 – 85%
  were first time registrations

  (Performance Digest 2008/2009)
                                    71
Every Child Matters…


   Additional needs




                       72
                        Key data

 Government guidance suggests
  that as many as 20-30% of
  children and young people could
  be defined with additional needs
  for either short or long term
  periods while at school
 The number of pupils with
  statements has fallen over the last
  three years
 Increasingly, these pupils are
  having their needs met through
  additional resources allocated via
  the banded funding system

  (Strategy for Children & Young People with Disabilities / School
  Census)

                                                                     73
            Key data – banded
                 funding

 Analysis of banded funding
  applications show that
           43% are to meet specific learning
            difficulties
           17% to meet behaviour
           17% to meet learning development
            delays (and rising)
           15% to meet speech language and
            communication needs
 628 applications for banded
  funding were received during
  2007-2008, an increase of 77 over
  the previous year
 Applications for specific learning
  difficulties accounted for 40% of
  the total received, an increase of
  11%

  (Funding for Inclusion report 2007-2008)

                                                74
         Key data – special
              schools

 Three special schools are
  designated severe learning
  difficulties and profound and
  multiple learning difficulties
      Westfield – 33 pupils (primary,
       secondary and post 16 phases)
      Blackmarston – 50 pupils (primary
       phase)
      Barrs Court – 64 children (secondary
       phase)
 One special school is designated
  behaviour social and emotional
  development
      Brookfield – 59 children

  (SEN Database)

                                              75
Every Child Matters…


      Ethnicity




                       76
                      Key data

 In the January 2009 School
  Census, 5.07% of pupils were from
  minority ethnic groups, an
  increase of just over 1% on the
  Spring 2007 Census
 The largest minority ethnic groups
  were “any other white
  background”, “Gypsy/Roma”,
  “White Asian” and “Any other
  mixed background”
 The two primary schools with the
  highest percentage of pupils whose
  first language is not English are
  Roman Catholic schools


  (School Census – January 2009)
                                   77
Every Child Matters…


   School attendance




                       78
        Key data – primary
             schools

  Percentage of half days             Percentage of
 missed in primary schools             persistent
                                       absentees

                   2006/      2007/   2006/   2007/
                   2007       2008    2007    2008


  England          5.26%      5.18%   1.7%    1.8%




West Midlands      5.41%      5.35%   1.8%    1.9%




Herefordshire      5.08%      5.14%   1.4%    1.3%




 (Performance Digest 2008/2009)

                                                  79
     Key data – secondary
           schools

  Percentage of half days                Percentage of
missed in secondary schools               persistent
                                          absentees

                   2006/      2007/      2006/   2007/
                   2007       2008       2007    2008


  England          7.86%      7.34%      6.7%    5.6%




West Midlands      7.76%          7.3%   6.4%    5.5%




Herefordshire      8.25%      7.47%      6.4%    5.6%




 (Performance Digest 2008/2009)

                                                     80
Every Child Matters…


       Health




                       81
                       Key data

 In 2007, 11 children aged under
  16 were killed or seriously injured
  on Herefordshire’s roads, an
  increase on the 2006 figure of 10
 Infant mortality rates are
  beginning to rise. The numbers
  are small but there have been
  around 10 still births a year since
  2005
 4% aged 0-15 and 7% aged 16-24
  have defined themselves as having
  a limiting long term illness (LLTI)


  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008)

                                         82
           Key data – drugs

 238 young people received
  treatment for substance
  misuse in 2007
 The main drugs used by
  young people are alcohol and
  cannabis
 The majority of those in
  treatment are aged between
  15 and 17 years of age
 There are marginally more
  girls in treatment, than boys

  (State of Herefordshire Report 2008/YP substance misuse needs
  assessment 2008)
                                                                  83
         Key data – smoking

Teenage Lifestyle Survey 2006
       7% of respondents smoked at
        least one cigarette during the
        last 7 days – 25% of Year 10
        girls had done so
       36% of Year 10 girls bought
        their last cigarettes from a shop
        – 48% were given them by
        friends
       Overall, 8% say they smoke
        ‘regularly’ or ‘occasionally’
Tellus2 Survey 2007
       36% had smoked a cigarette
        compared to 21% nationally


  (Teenage Lifestyle Survey 2006 / Tellus2 Survey 2007)

                                                          84
          Key data – alcohol

 The number of under 16s admitted
  to hospital as a result of drinking
  alcohol has trebled from 9 in 2002
  to 30 in 2006. Girls are of
  particular concern with admissions
  rising an average of 4 a year
  between 2002 and 2004
Teenage Lifestyle Survey 2006
       26% had at least one alcoholic drink in
        the week before the survey – the
        biggest consumers are Year 10 girls
        with nearly 50% having a drink in the
        previous week
       9% said they got drunk on at least one
        day in the previous week – 25% of
        Year 10 girls reported this


  (Joint Strategic Needs Assessment 2008 / Teenage
  Lifestyle Survey 2006)
                                                     85
      Key data – sport and
        physical activity

 The most common activity
  that young people overall do
  for an hour or more for fun on
  a weekly basis is ‘sport or
  other physical activity’
 ‘Watching films’ is favoured
  more on a weekly basis than
  sport by older girls
 The most common monthly
  activity is ‘walking, enjoying
  the countryside’

 (Youth Survey 2007)

                               86
Every Child Matters…


       Crime




                       87
           Key data – victims

 In 2007/2008, over 6,648
  under 24s were victims of
  crime in Herefordshire
 There was an increase in
  common assaults during 2007
  against school children by
  other school children




 (State of Herefordshire report 2008)

                                        88
       Key data – offenders

 The majority of young
  offenders are male, aged 15-
  17 years
 However, the number of
  females is steadily increasing
 Theft and handling, violence
  against the person and
  criminal damage are the most
  common offences committed
  by young people


 (Audit of Crime, Disorder and Drugs 2004)

                                             89
       Key data – first time
        and re-offending

 In 2007, 47% of
  Herefordshire’s 2005 cohort
  had re-offended over the last
  two years
 In 2007-2008, 303 young
  people entered the Youth
  Justice System for the first
  time – a decrease of 93 from
  the previous year




 (Performance Digest 2007/2008)

                                  90
Every Child Matters…


     References




                       91
      The county context –
           contents…

Geography       3     Pay                12

People          4     Housing           13-14

Population      5-6   Employment        15-16
growth
Who’s going..   7     Qualifications     17
who’s coming
Age profile     8     Travel patterns    18

Deprivation     9     Health            19-20

Ethnicity       10    Crime              21

Migrant         11    Access to          22
workers               services



                                              92
       Children and Young
        People – contents
Children and      Population summary                  25
Young People
                  Population forecasts               26-27

Deprivation       Income deprivation                 28-30

Under 5s          Population maps                    31-35

                  Key data                           36-37

5 – 9 years old   Population maps                    38-42

                  Key data – health                  43-44

                  Key data – pupil attainment        45-46

10-14 years old   Population maps                    47-51

                  Key data – lifestyle perceptions   52-54

                  Key data – exam results            55-56

                  Key data – caring                   57

                  Key data – bullying                 58


                                                           93
         Children and Young
          People – contents
15-24 years        Population maps                59-63
old
                   Key data – health               64

                   Key data – teenage pregnancy    65

                   Key data – education,           66
                   employment and training


Children in care                                  67-69

Child protection                                  70-71

Additional needs                                  72-75

Ethnicity                                         76-77

School attendance                                 78-80

Health                                            81-86

Crime                                             87-90

References                                        91-94




                                                        94
         Data sources…

 State of Herefordshire Report 2008
 Economic impact of migrant workers in
  West Midlands, 2007
 Audit of Crime, Disorder and Drugs 2004
 Joint Strategic Needs Assessment 2008
 Regional Lifestyle Survey 2005
 Youth Survey 2007
 Teenage Lifestyle Survey 2006
 Examination results 2008
 School Census – January 2009
 Performance Digest 2007/2008 and
  2008/2009
 SEN Database 2008
 Funding for Inclusion report 2007-2008
 Tellus2 Survey 2007
 Strategy for Children & Young People with
  Disabilities (draft 2007)

                                          95

				
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