An investigation into the delivery of Integrated Youth Support by dfsiopmhy6


									                             An investigation into the delivery of
                             Integrated Youth Support Services
                             (IYSS) in England: Headline findings
                             from quantitative data collection

‘‘     With a full
response from
105 different

this is the most
                     Introduction and background
                     CfBT Education Trust and the National Youth Agency are conducting research into how
                     Integrated Youth Support Services (IYSS) are being delivered across England. The research
local authorities... consists of an online survey of heads of youth service (or equivalent) and a number of in‑depth
                     case studies.

                     The online survey was open for around five weeks from the end of March to early May 2010.
                                                                                             rate of over two‑thirds (69%)
survey completed With aisfull response from 105 different local authorities – a responsethe delivery of Integrated
                     – this the most comprehensive survey completed with regards to
with regards         Youth Support Services.
to the delivery
of Integrated
Youth Support
                     There was a good spread of completed surveys from all types of local authorities, with around
                     two‑fifths from unitary authorities and a fifth from counties, metropolitan boroughs and London
                     boroughs respectively. There was also a good geographical spread of responses, with 20 from
                     London and between 8 and 15 responses from each of the other eight government regions.
                             This report offers a brief overview of the emerging findings from the survey. The follow‑up
                             in‑depth case studies will be used to explore some of the key issues further and help develop
                             our understanding of the emergent findings highlighted in this report.

                             Heads of IYSS, structures and workforce
                             The majority – around four‑fifths – of Heads of IYSS hold a full‑time post and just over half (57%)
                             had responsibility for other areas in addition to IYSS. This partly reflected how they had defined
                             their IYSS locally, so other areas of responsibility included Youth Offending Teams, teenage
                             pregnancy, play and outdoor education.

                             The main focus of the majority of IYSS is the teenage years, with 42% of services covering
                             11 to 19 year olds and 33% covering 13 to 19 year olds. A minority had a broader focus which
                             included young people alongside children – either 0 to 19 years or 8 to 19 years – but none
                             covered an older age group of young people, other than for young people with a learning
                             disability or difficulty (LDD).

                             Figure 1 (on page 2) shows the core services managed within the IYSS. As would be expected,
                             virtually all IYSS include the youth service (95%) and the majority also include Connexions (83%).
                             After these two services there is a noticeable drop‑off to the next most common service, that for
                             teenage pregnancy, which is integrated in just over half of all IYSS. This suggests a great deal
                             of variance in the type of services managed within IYSS in different areas. This is further borne
                             out by around a fifth of respondents naming other services which are also managed with IYSS
                             (e.g. Play Development, Family Intervention Team, Extended Services and Positive Activities for
                             Young People – PAYP).

       An investigation into the delivery of Integrated Youth Support Services (IYSS)
                      in England: Headline findings from quantitative data collection

‘‘    Heads of
IYSS perceived
there to be a good
of what an IYSS
is amongst staff
                      Figure 1 – Core services managed within the IYSS

                             Youth Service


                       Teenage Pregnancy
working in the             Youth Offending
                        Substance Misuse


                         Education Welfare

                              Leaving Care
                                             0    10     20      30     40      50     60     70      80     90     100

                     Only 8% of local authorities described their IYSS as ‘integrated throughout’ and around a third
                     (32%) were ‘still largely operating within service boundaries but with overarching plans and
                     strategies’. Around half (52%) of local authorities said that their IYSS was best described as
                     ‘integrated services operating at a local/locality level within integrated teams’.

                     Just over a third of IYSS (36%) have pooled delivery budgets and a slightly higher number have
                     pooled some (44%) or all (13%) workforce budgets.

                     Just over half of IYSS (55%) have integrated workers from different services into a new team. For
                     those areas who have integrated staff the large majority (89%) found that the process presented
                     ‘some challenges but was manageable’. A small minority (six areas) found the process ‘very
                     difficult’ and conversely ‘smooth – no problems’ (three areas).

                     Responses here reveal an interesting picture of how local implementation of national government
                     policy differs, as does the interpretation of what ‘integration’ really means in practice.

                     IYSS and partnership working
                     Heads of IYSS perceived there to be a good understanding of what an IYSS is amongst staff
                     working in the IYSS but that levels of understanding were below average amongst other key
                     stakeholders including elected members, other local authority officers and young people.

                     Almost all areas stated that their IYSS worked in partnership with voluntary organisations and
                     around nine out of ten worked with the health service, police and schools. Around two‑thirds
                     also work in partnership with mental health services and with colleges. Only a minority of IYSS
                     (38%) – and no London boroughs – work with fire and rescue services.

                     It was quite common for the Head of IYSS to sit on the 14–19 Partnership Board (or equivalent
                     body) with just under three‑quarters (71%) stating that this was the case. Interestingly, just under
                     half (49%) of Heads of IYSS sat on the local Community Safety Partnership but only 41% sat on
                     the board of the local Children’s Trust. The role with regards to community safety is likely to focus
                     more on the prevention of anti‑social behaviour, rather than the broader personal and emotional
                     development of young people delivered through Children’s Trusts.

                     Only a small minority (20%) had a seat on the Local Strategic Partnership.                                              2
An investigation into the delivery of Integrated Youth Support Services (IYSS)
in England: Headline findings from quantitative data collection

local authorities
felt that the
development of an
IYSS had improved
                    Impact of IYSS development
                    IYSS largely use a combination of the National Indicator Set (86%) and their own local key
                    performance indicators/targets (88%) for monitoring and quality assurance. Just over half
                    also use a process of internal inspection (53%). Only three areas rated their monitoring and
                    quality assurance systems as ‘excellent’, with most areas rating them as either ‘good’ (50%) or
                    ‘average’ (42%).

                    Just over half of all areas thought that the development of an IYSS had led to an improvement
things for young    in service delivery for young people (58%) and an improvement in outcomes for young people
people.             (55%). Only one local authority (out of 105) thought the development of an IYSS had worsened
                    services and outcomes for young people in their local area.

                    There was also a very positive response in terms of being able to evidence this improvement;
                    63% stating they were ‘very confident’ they could evidence how the development of an IYSS has
                    affected service delivery for young people and only a slightly smaller proportion (55%) how this
                    affected outcomes for young people. Metropolitan and London boroughs were most confident
                    about providing this evidence.

                    Figure 2 (below) shows that there was also a very positive picture with regards to the impact of
                    the development of an IYSS across a number of key areas. Overwhelmingly, local authorities who
                    responded to the survey felt that development of an IYSS in their local area had improved things
                    for young people, particularly with regards to access to information, advice and guidance (87%)
                    and access to positive activities (86%).

                    In thinking about the development of the IYSS overall, a little over a fifth of respondents (22%)
                    felt that the impact of the IYSS was evident now. Slightly higher proportions felt that this would
                    be evident within the next 12 months (29%) and in a year to two years’ time (31%). Given the
                    confidence around evidencing change this suggests that the impact is still emerging.

                     Figure 2 – Impact of the development of an IYSS

                                Access to
                      information, advice
                            and guidance
                                Access to
                         positive activities
                          Young people’s
                             personal and
                       social development
                          Targeted Youth
                         Support Services

                                           0%   10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
                                                                                    No change           Improved                                             3
        An investigation into the delivery of Integrated Youth Support Services (IYSS)
                       in England: Headline findings from quantitative data collection

‘‘     The final
report will
be published
early in 2011.
              ‘‘       Next steps
                       The online survey was closed in early May 2010 and whilst some of the headline findings are
                       summarised in this report, further detailed analysis of the findings is being carried out in the
                       summer of 2010. This will include cross‑tabulations by type of local authority; looking at the level
                       of integration of different services and the length of time the service has been integrated; and
                       exploring links with existing performance measures.

                       Twelve in‑depth case studies will also be carried out during the summer of 2010. The areas
                       chosen will be broadly representative in terms of regions and local authority type.

                       The final report will be published early in 2011 and will draw on findings of the online survey and
                       the case studies.

CfBT Education Trust
60 Queens Road
                                                                                                                              PMS 5578 07/10

0118 902 1000

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