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					          Quick Facts About British Columbia
                     2010 Edition

The Land

British Columbia, Canada's westernmost province, is       southern interior has the province's driest and
located on the Pacific coast of North America, and        warmest climate.
has a land and freshwater area of 95 million
hectares. It is Canada's third-largest province and       Environment
comprises 9.5 per cent of the country's total land
area. The province is nearly four times the size of       The variety of climates, combined with the diverse
Great Britain, 2.5 times larger than Japan, and larger    terrain, results in a pattern of distinct ecosystems.
than any American state except Alaska.                    Among them are grasslands, oak parklands,
                                                          temperate rainforests, dry pine forests, desert-like
B.C.’s 7,022-kilometre coastline supports a large         steppes, meadows and wetlands.
shipping industry through ice-free, deep-water ports.
The province has about 8.5 million hectares of            The various habitats have made British Columbia
grazing land, 1.8 million hectares of lakes and rivers,   home to the greatest diversity of plants and animals
and 950,000 hectares of agricultural land that is         of any province in Canada. Three-quarters of
capable of supporting a wide range of crops.              Canada’s mammal species are found in the
                                                          province, 24 of which occur exclusively in British
The province is bounded by the U.S. states of             Columbia.
Washington, Idaho and Montana in the south,
Alberta on the east, the Northwest Territories and        There are 1,138 species of vertebrates in B.C.,
the Yukon on the north, Alaska on the northwest and       comprised of the following:
the Pacific Ocean to the west. From south to north,
B.C. stretches 1,200 kilometres, and from east to             •   488 species of birds
west as much as 1,050 kilometres. Its deeply                  •   468 species of fish
indented, island-dotted coastline features an                 •   142 species of mammals
offshore archipelago in the north and a large island          •   22 species of amphibians
in the south.
                                                              •   18 species of reptiles
British Columbia is characterized by mountainous
                                                          Over 250 bird species breed in the province, 162 of
topography, but also has substantial areas of
                                                          which (55%) breed nowhere else in Canada.
lowland and plateau country. The province has four
                                                          Invertebrate species probably number between
basic regions: a northwesterly-trending mountain          50,000 and 70,000, including 35,000 species of
system on the coast, a similar mountain system on         insects.
the east, an extensive area of plateau and mountain
country between the two, and a lowland segment of
                                                          British Columbia has an estimated 2,790 native
the continent's Great Plains in the northeastern part
                                                          vascular plant species, (nearly 27% are considered
of the province.
                                                          species at risk). Approximately 1,000 bryophytes
                                                          (mosses and liverworts), 1,600 lichens, 522 species
Climate                                                   of attached algae, and well over 10,000 species of
                                                          fungi are present in the province.
The climate of British Columbia, varying from marine
to continental, is determined by prevailing westerly      British Columbia has the second-largest parks
winds, the warm Pacific Ocean, mountainous                system in Canada, after Canada’s National Parks.
tropography and the province's northerly location.        The province is home to Canada’s only grizzly bear
                                                          sanctuary, located in Khutzeymateen Provincial
The coastal region has abundant rainfall and a mild       Park, and has the largest intact coastal temperate
temperature associated with a maritime climate, and       rainforest in the world, which is protected in Kitlope
enjoys Canada's longest frost-free periods. In the        Heritage Conservancy.
interior, the climate is continental in nature. The
                          Quick Facts about British Columbia

The People
Federal Government

In Canada, the constitution grants different areas of              Representation in the B.C. Legislative Assemb ly
responsibility to the Federal Parliament and                       (April 2010)
provincial Legislatures—each with its own law-                     Political Party                                             Seats
making bodies, governing executive and judiciary.                   Liberal                                                       49
                                                                    New Democratic                                                35
At the federal level, the Canadian government has                   Independant                                                    1
two law-making bodies: the 308-seat House of                       Total                                                          85
Commons and the 105-seat Senate. B.C. residents                    Source: Legistlative Assembly of BC
are represented by 36 elected Members of
Parliament (MPs) and six appointed senators.
                                                                   2010/11 Budget Operating Statement ($ Millions)
The Prime Minister and appointed Ministers comprise
                                                                                                                        Updated Budget
the federal cabinet, or governing executive. The
                                                                   Taxpayer-supported program s                        Forecast Estim ate
federal judiciary includes the Supreme Court of
                                                                   and agencies:                                         2009/10 2010/11
Canada, the highest court of appeal for all cases.
                                                                   Revenue                                                37,050   39,190
                                                                   Expense                                               (39,700) (40,605)
Provincial Government                                              Surplus (deficit) before forecast
                                                                   allow ance                                            (2,650)       (1,415)
The structure of the British Columbia Government is                Forecast Allow ance                                     (125)         (300)
rooted in British parliamentary tradition and                      Surplus (deficit)                                     (2,775)       (1,715)
precedent. Prior to 1866, B.C. was comprised of two                Source: BC Budget, Budget and Fiscal Plan 2010/11
British-controlled colonies, one on Vancouver Island
and a second on the mainland. In 1866, the two
colonies were officially united as the Crown Colony                Government Expenditure b y Function
of British Columbia, with its capital at Victoria.                 2010/11 Budget Estimate
                                                                   Function                                                $Millions          %
British Columbia became a province of Canada                        Health                                                   16,474         40.6
when it entered Confederation on July 20, 1871.                     Social services                                           3,454          8.5
Upon Confederation, B.C. came under the British                     Education                                                10,820         26.6
North America Act (BNA Act), a British statute which                Protection of persons and property                        1,426          3.5
defined the major national institutions and the                     Transportation                                            1,515          3.7
division of authority between the federal and                       Natural resources & economic development                  1,314          3.2
                                                                    Other                                                     1,395          3.4
provincial governments.
                                                                    Contingencies (all Ministries)                               450         1.1
                                                                    General government                                        1,376          3.4
In 1982, the BNA Act was incorporated into the                      Debt servicing                                            2,381          5.9
Constitution Act, which ended the British
parliament's legal right to legislate for Canada.                  Total Expenditure                                         40,605        100.0
                                                                   Source: BC Budget, Budget and Fiscal Plan 2010/11

Legislative powers in B.C. are exercised by a single
legislative chamber, which is elected for a four-year
term. The legislature consists of the Lieutenant
Governor and 85 elected members of the legislative

The provincial judicial system is composed of the
Court of Appeal, the Supreme Court of B.C. and the
Provincial Court of B.C., which includes Small
Claims Court and Family Court.

For more information on the Government of B.C.:

                                   Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                       Quick Facts about British Columbia

Government Revenue b y Source                                                        General Population Statistics—2009
2010/11 Budget Estimate
                                                                                     Population July 1, 2010 (thousands)                 4,455.2
Source                                              $Millions       %                Compounded Avg.Annual grow th rate 2001 to 2006 (%)    1.16
 Taxation                                             17,422      44.5               Percent of Canada (July 1, 2009)                      13.20
 Natural resources                                      3,208      8.2               Population per sq. km                                   4.7
 Other revenue                                          7,874     20.1               Median age (July 1, 2009)                              40.7
 Federal government contributions                       7,685     19.6               Total net migration (000's) July 1, 2008/09            58.6
 Commercial Crow n corporations                         3,001      7.7               Source: Statistics Canada, Prepared by BC Stats
Total Revenue                                         39,190     100.0
Source: BC Budget, Budget and Fiscal Plan 2010/11
                                                                                    The age structure of British Columbia is shaped
                                                                                    mainly by the postwar baby boom and subsequent
Local and Regional Government                                                       drop in birth rates, which has resulted in a bulge in
                                                                                    the population of the 42 to 60 year age group.
The provincial Legislature creates local governments
in B.C, which consist of incorporated municipalities,                                Population Estimates b y Selected Age Groups—2009
regional districts, school districts, regional hospital                              ('000)
districts, and special-purpose improvement districts.                                Age
The provincial Legislature also decides what local                                   Group Males                %   Fem ales            %       Total      %
governments are responsible for.                                                     0 to 4   113.3             5.1   105.9              4.7     219.2     4.9
                                                                                     5 to 14  240.7            10.9   225.5             10.0     466.3    10.5
Incorporated municipalities (cities, districts, towns                                15 to 24 310.5            14.0   288.1             12.8     598.7    13.4
and villages) provide facilities such as roads,                                      25 to 34 297.1            13.4   299.7             13.4     596.8    13.4
waterworks and sewers, as well as a wide range of                                    35 to 44 313.5            14.2   317.9             14.2     631.4    14.2
social, recreational and protection services. Regional                               45 to 54 352.9            16.0   361.9             16.1     714.7    16.0
districts provide common services on a shared basis                                  55 to 64 281.5            12.7   290.3             12.9     571.8    12.8
(such as police and ambulance services) over a                                       65 to 74 169.4             7.7   177.1              7.9     346.5     7.8
large area. Revenue for municipal and regional                                       75 +     131.4             5.9   178.4              7.9     309.8     7.0
services is derived mainly from property taxation and                                Totals 2,210.3           100.0 2,244.9            100.0   4,455.2   100.0
                                                                                     Source: Statistics Canada, Prepared by BC Stats
grants from the provincial government.

Local Government Structure—2010
                                                                                    British Columbia’s non-immigrant population grew by
                                                                                    2.9 per cent between the 2001 and 2006 Census,
 Type                                                 Num ber                       whereas the immigrant population grew by 10.8 per
  Cities                                                   49                       cent during this same period. The origin of
  Tow ns                                                   15                       immigrants has changed. Historically, the bulk of the
  Villages                                                 42                       immigrant population came from Europe; more
  District Municipality                                    51                       recently, however, Asia and the Middle East have
  Regional Municipality                                     1
                                                                                    become the predominant source, accounting for
  Resort Municipality                                       1
                                                                                    more than half the foreign-born persons in British
  Island Municipality                                       1
                                                                                    Columbia (2006 Census).
 First Nations Treaty Governments                            2
Total                                                      162
                                                                                    Lifestyles range from cosmopolitan in the
                                                                                    metropolitan areas of Vancouver and Victoria to rural
Maps of Regions within B.C.                                                         in the interior regions and along the Pacific coast.
                                                                                    Please visit the BC Stats website for more
Population                                                                          information on the population of B.C.
British Columbia's population of 4.5 million is                                     Population of Municipalities, 1996–2009:
growing more diverse with an influx of newcomers                          
from other parts of Canada and around the world.
B.C. is home to a culturally diverse and                                            Population Projections:
geographically dispersed aboriginal population.                           

                                                     Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                           Quick Facts about British Columbia

Labour and Income

In 2009 British Columbia’s employed workforce                                             Employment by Industry (based on NAICS) '000
consisted of almost 2.5 million workers—52 per cent                                       Industry                                          2007    2008    2009
male and 48 per cent female. Most of the work force                                       Goods-producing                                    496     502     447
—80 per cent—is employed in the provision of                                               Agriculture                                        36      34      34
services, and the remaining 20 per cent employed in                                        Forestry                                           24      17      14
the goods-producing sector.                                                                Fishing and trapping                                3       2       2
                                                                                           Mining                                             20      26      24
Lab our Market Activity                                                                    Utilities                                          10      14      13
                                                 2007        2008      2009                Construction                                      197     221     195
                                                                                           Manufacturing                                     205     187     164
Labour Force ('000)                              2,366       2,426     2,455
                                                                                                                                            1,77    1,81    1,81
Employment ('000)                                2,266       2,314     2,259              Services-producing                                   1       3       3
Unemployment ('000)                                100         111       186               Trade                                             365     355     369
Participation rate (%)                            66.3        66.6      66.0               Transportation, warehousing                       126     128     115
Unemployment rate (%)                               4.2         4.6       7.6              Finance and related                               145     147     143
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey                                             Professional, scientific, technical               166     174     169
                                                                                           Management, admin., support                        99     101      94
In 2009, 31 per cent (562,000 people) of the                                               Education                                         156     162     162
                                                                                           Health care and social assistance                 240     246     260
province’s paid workers were unionized or were
                                                                                           Information, culture, recreation                  118     118     119
covered by a collective agreement or a union                                               Accommodation and food                            173     178     172
contract. The largest unions are Canadian Union of                                         Other services                                     88     101     102
Public Employees, B.C. Government and Service                                              Public administration                              96     103     106
Employees’ Union and Affiliates, and B.C. Teachers’                                                                                         2,26    2,31    2,25
Federation.                                                                               Total                                                6       4       9
                                                                                          Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey

Labour relations in the province are governed by the
Labour Relations Code, which encourages the
orderly resolution of any labour dispute. The
Employment Standards Act regulates conditions of                                          Average Weekly Wage Rate (dollars)
employment including hours of work, payment of                                            Industry                                          2007    2008    2009
wages, minimum wages, annual holidays, maternity                                          Goods-producing Industries                         881     915     956
benefits and terminations.                                                                 Agriculture                                       564     539     587
                                                                                           Forestry, Fishing, Mining, Oil, Gas             1,117   1,179   1,254
WorkSafe BC compensates injured workers for loss                                           Utilities                                       1,115   1,164   1,252
                                                                                           Construction                                      872     908     972
of earnings and medical expenses and provides
                                                                                           Manufacturing                                     857     882     897
rehabilitation for disabling injuries.                                                    Service-producing Industries                       713     746     765
                                                                                           Trade                                             577     599     613
Average After-Tax Income (2008 constant dollars)                                           Transportation and w arehousing                   874     920     914
Fam ily Type                                          2006    2007    2008                 Finance and related                               774     832     880
All family units                                    56,400 58,900 61,500                   Professional, scientific, technical               974     991   1,081
   Elderly families                                 58,300 64,000 67,900                   Management, admin., support                       584     613     666
   Non-elderly families                             73,700 77,600 79,800                   Education                                         844     896     871
   Married couples                                  73,400 75,500 71,900                   Health care & social assistance                   741     783     804
   Tw o-parent families w ith children              78,300 83,500 85,400                   Information, culture, recreation                  748     765     768
   Married couples w ith other relatives            91,000 102,000 114,000                 Accommodation and food                            394     398     393
   Lone-parent families                             38,500 39,200 44,400                   Other services                                    664     667     664
   Unattached individuals                           30,900 30,500 33,500                   Public administration                           1,013   1,043   1,126
Source: Statistics Canada, Income Trends                                                  Industrial Aggregate                               748     781     801
                                                                                          Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey

                                                          Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                        Quick Facts about British Columbia

Health Care                                                                           Eleven universities offer an array of undergraduate
                                                                                      degree programs and a range of programs at the
In 2009/10, the Ministry of Health expended nearly                                    graduate level. Some also offer diplomas and
$14 billion to meet the health needs of British                                       certificates in a variety of professional fields, as well
Columbians. The Ministry of Health, along with six                                    as programs in trades, vocational and career
health authorities, are responsible for managing and                                  technical studies and continuing education
delivering most publicly-funded health services in the                                programs.
                                                                                      Eleven colleges offer developmental programs that
Responsibility for managing local health services,                                    prepare adult learners for post-secondary studies
such as home and hospital care, lies with five                                        and provide courses and programs in trades,
regional health authorities. The sixth health                                         vocational, career technical and academic studies
authority, the Provincial Health Services Authority, is                               leading to certificates, diplomas, associate degrees
responsible for providing province-wide specialized                                   and applied degrees.
services such as the BC Cancer Agency, BC
Children’s Hospital, Forensic Psychiatric Services                                    Three institutes are organized according to career,
Commission, and more.                                                                 vocational and technical specialties, covering a
                                                                                      variety of occupations. They may offer credentials
The Medical Services Plan insures medically                                           from certificates to degrees. Two institutes have an
required services are provided by physicians and                                      aboriginal focus.
health care practitioners. The Pharmacare Program
subsidizes eligible prescription drugs and designated                                 BCcampus is a distance and online learning agency
medical supplies, with access based on families’                                      and a collaboration of all B.C.'s post-secondary
ability to pay.                                                                       institutions to offer one-stop access to online
                                                                                      learning in the province.
                                                                                       Post-Secondary Headcounts b y Fiscal Year—2008/09
The British Columbia government expenditure                                            Type of Institution                                                Enrolm ent
estimate for education programs in 2010/11 is $10.8                                     Colleges                                                             169,329
billion. The Ministry of Education and Labour Market                                    Teaching Universities                                                 99,984
Development is responsible for primary and                                              Institutes                                                            75,722
secondary education, while the Ministry of Advanced                                    Total Institutional Headcount                                         345,035
Education is responsible for post-secondary                                            Source: Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market

The provincial public school system is a fully-funded,
                                                                                       Research University Fall Headcount—2008/09
universal, non-sectarian system covering all grades
from kindergarten to grade 12. Attendance is                                           Research Univerisities                                         Enrolm ent
compulsory for children between 5 and 16 years of
                                                                                       University of British Columbia
age. The system is currently made up of 59 school
                                                                                             Vancouver                                                       45,149
districts and 1 Conseil Scolaire Francophone. Each
district has an elected board of trustees under the                                           Okanagan                                                        5,391
School Act.                                                                            Simon Fraser University                                               27,081
                                                                                       University of Victoria                                                18,432
Primary and Secondary Education Schools—2009/10                                        University of Northern B.C.                                            3,701
                                                                                       Royal Roads University                                                 4,049
Type                                  # of Schools             Enrolm ent              Total Headcount                                                      103,803
 Public Schools                               1,631               580,486
                                                                                       Source: British Columbia Higher Education Accountability Dataset
 Independent Schools                            345                69,466                      Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market

Total                                            1,976               649,952
Source: Ministry of Education, Summary of Key Information, 2009/10

British Columbia offers a wide range of post-
secondary options for those wanting to study in this
province. Over 1,900 programs are offered at 25
publicly funded post-secondary institutions.

                                                       Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                              Quick Facts about British Columbia

The Economy
                                                                     consumer products increased from less than one-
                                                                     fifth (18%) to roughly one-quarter (23%).

                                                                     Finance, insurance and real estate is by far the
Through much of the 20 century, British Columbia’s                   largest industry in the province, accounting for nearly
economy was centred around the extraction and                        a quarter of its GDP. Part of this is an estimate of the
processing of its wealth of natural resources with                   value of owner-occupied housing, but even when
fishing, forestry and mining forming the province’s                  this is excluded, finance, insurance and real estate
foundation. These industries continue to play an                     activities remains considerably larger than any other
important role in the economy, especially in some of                 industry. Other key players in the BC economy
B.C.’s smaller communities. In recent decades,                       include manufacturing, retail trade, health care and
however, the dominant position once enjoyed by                       transportation and warehousing.
primary industries has been challenged by a variety
of service- and non-resource-based industries.                        Gross Domestic Product in Chained 2002 Prices - 2009
Three quarters of the province’s gross domestic                                                                                $Millions                   %
product (GDP) originates in the service sector, while                 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting                     3,517                 2.4
resource-based and non-resource-based industries                        Crop and Animal Production                                1,062                  0.7
account for only one quarter of the total.                              Forestry and Logging                                      1,848                  1.2
                                                                        Fishing, Hunting and Trapping                                133                 0.1
A more liberal continental trading environment under                    Support Act. for Agr. & Forest                               454                 0.3
the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)                        Mining, and Oil and Gas Extraction                           4,170                 2.8
and expanded markets in Asia encouraged the                           Utilities                                                    2,861                 1.9
diversification of the British Columbia economy and                   Construction                                                 9,053                 6.1
spurred domestic demand for goods and services.                       Manufacturing                                              12,183                  8.2
These forces brought with them a greater degree of                      Food Manufacturing                                        1,524                  1.0
urbanization, as new construction, manufacturing and                    Wood Product Manufacturing                                3,046                  2.1
service employment was created in urban centres.                        Pulp and Paper Manufacturing                              1,077                  0.7
                                                                        Primary & Fabricated Metal Mfg.                           1,456                  1.0
A booming housing market, together with large                           Computer & Electronic Product Mfg.                           470                 0.3
infrastructure improvement projects undertaken in                     Wholesale Trade                                              6,628                 4.5
preparation for the 2010 Winter Olympics, contributed                 Retail Trade                                                 9,898                 6.7
to strong growth in the construction industry, which                  Transportation and Warehousing                               9,195                 6.2
became the biggest employer in the goods sector in                    Information and Cultural Industries                          5,795                 3.9
2008 and 2009. However, it still ranks behind                         Finance, Insurance, Real Estate                            36,484                 24.6
manufacturing in terms of its contribution to GDP.                    Professional, Scientific, Technical                          7,382                 5.0
Construction, together with many other goods                          Administrative and Waste Mgt                                 3,438                 2.3
industries, is facing challenges as an economic                       Educational Services                                         8,096                 5.5
slowdown has affected the demand for new housing                      Health Care and Social Assistance                          10,136                  6.8
and infrastructure projects, while markets for forest and             Arts, Entertainment and Recreation                           1,799                 1.2
other resource-based products have been slumping.                     Accommodation and Food Services                              4,433                 3.0
                                                                      Other Services                                               4,585                 3.1
                                                                      Public Administration                                        8,156                 5.5
Although the diversification away from primary
industries has made British Columbia’s economy less                   All Industries                                              148,101              100.0
vulnerable to changes in international markets for                    Source: Statistics Canada
natural resource commodities, half of the province’s                  *Components will not sum to the total in 2009 due to the nature of calculating
                                                                      chained GDP
goods production is still based on the extraction or
processing of agriculture, fishing, forestry or mining
products. Despite a shift to other types of products,
manufacturing is still dominated by the wood, pulp,
and paper industries. Forestry and energy products
are the province’s main exports, but there has been
a considerable diversification of the export mix over
the past two decades. In 1988, for example, forestry
accounted for more than half (56%) of exports, but
by 2009, that share had fallen to one-third (32%).
Over the same period, the share of exports of

                                      Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                         Quick Facts about British Columbia


Two-thirds of British Columbia’s land base–60                                           Output of Forest-b ased Products—2008/2009
million hectares–is forested and more than 90 per                                                                                                  Quantity
cent is publicly owned. Forest activities on public                                     Product                                                     2008 2009
land must follow strict forest management laws.                                          Lumber (million cubic metres)                                2.8   2.3
                                                                                         Pulp (million tonnes)                                        4.0   3.7
About 96 per cent of the forested land is coniferous,
                                                                                         New sprint, paper and paperboard (million tonnes)            2.5   2.0
giving British Columbia approximately half of the                                       Source: Canada Pulp & Paper Assoc. and Statistics Canada
national softwood inventory.
                                                                                       British Columbia's forest industries recorded factory
British Columbia's topography and climate divides
                                                                                       shipments of $9.1 billion in 2009, or 28 per cent of
the province into two distinct forest regions: the
                                                                                       total provincial manufacturing shipments.
coast and interior. Coastal forests contain more
hemlock than any other species, while lodgepole
pine and spruce are the major interior species.                                        For management purposes, the forest resource is
                                                                                       divided into units known as timber supply areas and
                                                                                       tree farm licenses. Timber harvesting in these units is
In 2009, the timber scaled was nearly 49 million
                                                                                       delegated to private operators under a variety of
cubic    metres.    Coastal      forests   provided
                                                                                       licensing agreements.
approximately 30 per cent of the harvest while about
70 per cent came from the interior.
                                                                                       Non-timber uses of British Columbia’s forest lands,
                                                                                       such as for range and grazing, recreation, watershed
Softwood (coniferous) products such as lumber,
                                                                                       protection, wildlife habitat and visual enjoyment, are
pulp, newsprint, paper products, and shingles and
                                                                                       part of a continuing emphasis by the provincial
shakes are in demand throughout the world.
                                                                                       government on integrated resources management.
 Timber Scaled by Species—2009 (million cubic meters)
                                                                                       Recreational use of forest and wilderness area is an
 Species                                                    Volume          %          important component of the tourism industry. Forest
 Lodgepole pine                                                24.8       50.9         land generates revenue from cattle-grazing and
 Spruce                                                         6.8       13.9         community watershed fees, and from licenses for
 Hemlock                                                        4.3        8.9         guiding, outfitting, hunting and fishing, while
 Douglas Fir                                                    5.4       11.0         government recreation and silviculture programs create
 Balsam                                                         3.0        6.2         employment opportunities.
 Cedar                                                          2.7        5.6
 Other species                                                  1.8        3.6
 Total Scaled Harvest                                          48.8      100.0
 Source: Ministry of Forests and Range, BC Financial & Economic Review                 The province lies within part of the Canadian
                                                                                       Cordillera, a mountain belt rich in minerals and coal.
Forest Product Exports—2009                                                            British Columbia’s mining industry is internationally
Com m odity                                           $Millions             %
                                                                                       recognized for its proficiency in mineral exploration
 Lumber (softw ood)                                       2,749           36.2
                                                                                       and mine development, and is an important producer
 Pulp                                                     2,056           27.0         and exporter of copper, gold, silver, lead, zinc,
 Paper and paperboard                                     1,057           13.9         molybdenum, coal and industrial minerals.
 Selected value-added w ood products                        364            4.8
 Other panel products                                       287            3.8         During 2009, the value of mineral production in British
 New sprint                                                 207            2.7         Columbia was $5.7 billion. Coal, which is mined in the
 Plyw ood and veneer (softw ood)                            115            1.5         northeastern and southeastern regions, was valued at
 Cedar shakes and shingles                                  134            1.8         $3.3 billion.
 Other                                                      634            8.3
                                                                                       Copper, which is mined in the interior and on
Total Forest Product Exports                                 7,603       100.0
Source: Exports (BC Origin), BC Stats & Statistics Canada
                                                                                       Vancouver Island, had the highest shipment value
                                                                                       followed by gold and silver.

                                                        Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                                  Quick Facts about British Columbia

Mineral Production—2009 (preliminary estimate)                                                  International Overnight Customs Entries*—2009
Metals                                       Units          Shipm ent $thousands                                                British                               % of
 Gold                                   Kilograms               7,666      269,552              Origin                         Colum bia             Canada         Canada
 Silver                                   Tonnes                   74       39,890              North Am erica
 Copper                                   Tonnes              210,077    1,213,405               US                             2,901,670        11,764,925              24.7
 Lead                                     Tonnes                2,114        4,115               Mexico                            58,199           168,724              34.5
 Zinc                                     Tonnes               27,288       50,428              Overseas
 Molybdenum                               Tonnes                8,836           n/a              Asia Pacific                      725,971         1,510,251             48.1
 Others                                                                        117               Europe                            458,049         2,202,890             20.8
Total Metals                                                             1,828,375              Total International
Total Non Metals                                                           588,682              Visitors                        4,179,100        15,804,842              26.4
Fuel                                                                                            Source: Tourism BC
 Coal                                  Kilotonnes              21,450    3,316,510              *Figures do not account for all visitors to BC since domestic visitors are
                                                                                                excluded as well as international visitors who cross Canada Customs outside
Total Solid Minerals                                                     5,733,567              B.C.
Source: Natural Resources Canada, Mineral Production

                                                                                               The 972 parks and protected areas (provincial parks,
Oil and Gas                                                                                    ecological reserves, recreation areas and other
                                                                                               protected areas), covering over 13.5 million hectares,
Approximately 32,400 kilometres of gas-gathering                                               are diverse in their features and facilities. There are
and transmission lines are provincially regulated.                                             more than 340 campgrounds, 11,000 campsites, 263
Gas is processed at 47 plants and central                                                      day-use areas and 6,000 km of hiking trails within the
dehydrators in northeast British Columbia, many of                                             provincial parks.
which recover sulphur and liquid by-products.
                                                                                               Nearly one-tenth of the province's parks are
Oil and Gas—2009 (preliminary)
                                                                                               wilderness, largely untouched and frequented mostly
                                        Units         Shipm ents           $Millions
                                                                                               by back-packers and mountaineers. Inland and
Oil                                                     1,282,119                719
Natural Gas                                  m3        32,049,744              3,294           coastal waters are dotted with marine parks intended
By-products (no sulphur)                     m3           651,981                105           primarily for water-borne users.
Gas by-product (sulphur)                    10t               879                 10
Source: Ministry of Energy Mines, and Petroleum Resources
                                                                                               The abundance and variety of wildlife in British
                                                                                               Columbia reflect the great diversity of the province's
Tourism                                                                                        environment. There are more species in total, and
                                                                                               more unique species of birds and mammals, than in
Tourism is a major part of the provincial economy. In                                          any other Canadian province.
2009, British Columbia accounted for over 26 per
cent of Canada’s International overnight customs                                               In British Columbia, the salt and fresh water
entries (including United States).                                                             resources of the province provide both recreational
                                                                                               and tourism opportunities for such activities as sport
British Columbia's scenic attractions, combined with                                           fishing, boating, sailing and wildlife viewing.
its clean, safe image, serve to make it an attractive
destination for Canadian as well as international                                              Agriculture
                                                                                               Only three per cent of the total provincial land area is
In addition, there are a wide variety of urban and                                             considered arable or potentially arable. The Agricultural
cultural attractions, ranging from the performing and                                          Land Reserve (ALR), a provincial zone in which
visual arts, to professional sports, amusement parks                                           agriculture is recognized as the priority use, covers
and shopping.                                                                                  approximately 4.7 million hectares. Some ALR blocks
                                                                                               cover thousands of hectares while others are small
British Columbia's national, provincial, regional and                                          pockets of only a few hectares.
local parks provide a spectrum of natural beauty,
breathtaking scenery and opportunities for outdoor                                             British Columbia’s varied geography and climatic
enjoyment and recreation.                                                                      conditions allow for a broad range of agricultural
                                                                                               activities from grain crops to cow/calf operations to
                                                                                               turkey, chicken and pork farms, to tree fruits, berries
                                                                                               and grapes to vegetables, milk and egg production.

                                                                Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                       Quick Facts about British Columbia

Farm cash receipts receipts are estimated at $2.4                                    The seafood industry operates all along the
billion in 2009, led by dairy, poultry, and vegetables                               provincial coast. The major concentrations of the
(including potatoes).                                                                province's 233 processing operations are in the
                                                                                     Lower Mainland, Vancouver Island and Prince
Agricultural Production—2009                                                         Rupert areas.
Product                                            $Millions         %
Livestock and Products                                 1,227       48.1              Oceanographic conditions along the province's
 Dairy products                                          494       19.4              coastline create an ideal setting for the cultivation of
 Poultry and eggs                                        433       17.0              marine plants, shellfish and fish, primarily farmed
 Other livestock products                                300       11.8              salmon. In 2008 one-third of all seafood harvested
Crops                                                  1,093       42.8              was produced in fresh and saltwater aquaculture
 Floriculture, nursery and sod                           341       13.4              with a total farmgate value of $428.9 million.
 Vegetables, including potatoes                          405       15.9
 Fruits                                                  245        9.6              Transportation
 Other crops                                             102        4.0
Other Receipts                                            231       9.0              British Columbia's large highway network provides
Total Farm Cash Receipts                                2,551     100.0              all-weather access to most regions of the province.
Source: Statistics Canada                                                            This network supports the efficient movement of
                                                                                     resource products and opens up the province to
                                                                                     residents and tourists.
                                                                                      Licenced Motor Vehicles ('000)
The province has a 25,000 kilometre-long, island-
dotted coastline, and freshwater lakes, rivers and                                                                                   2007       2008      2009
streams covering 1.8 million hectares. With one of                                    Passenger                                     1,995      2,022     2,044
the world’s most diverse seafood sectors, British                                     Commercial                                      664        666       674
Columbia offers over 90 different species of wild and                                 Source: Insurance Corporation of British Columbia

cultured fish, shellfish and plants harvested from
fresh and marine waters.                                                             With 135 public and private ports, British Columbia is
                                                                                     a maritime province. The main trading ports are the
In 2008, the landed value of the seafood harvest                                     Port Metro Vancouver, and Port of Prince Rupert,
was $709.5 million, while the processed (wholesale)                                  which account for more than 95 per cent (2005) of
value of these products reached $1.2 billion.                                        the international trade moving through the province’s
Salmon, derived from both wild and farmed sources,                                   port system. Many other ports such as Squamish,
generated over 50 per cent of the wholesale value of                                 Powell River, Kitimat and Stewart also play
seafood products, followed by shellfish, groundfish                                  important roles in the resource economy.
and halibut.
                                                                                      Port Metro Vancouver—Shipping Statistics
Fishery Statistics—2008 (estimate)                                                    Cargo Handled (m illion tonnes)                          2008       2009
                                                Wholesale Value                        Bulk                                                   73.33      67.67
Species                                       $ m illions       %                      Breakbulk                                              20.31      14.55
 Wild salmon                                        135.2     11.1                     Containers                                             20.46      19.28
 Farmed salmon                                      495.2     40.7                    Total Cargo                                            114.56     101.89
 Shellfish                                          178.4     14.7                    Cruise (Revenue Passengers)                           854,493    898,473
 Groundfish (excl. Halibut)                         178.4     14.7
                                                                                      Source: Port Metro Vancouver Statistics Overview 2009
 Halibut                                            124.1     10.2
 Herring                                              47.7     3.9
 Tuna                                                 30.4     2.5                   BC Ferries operates one of the largest ferry systems
 Other                                                26.9     2.2                   in the world. The fleet consists of 36 vessels serving
Total Wholesale Value                            1,216.3     100.0                   47 ports of call between the Lower Mainland,
Total Landed Value                                  709.5                            Vancouver Island and other coastal points. In
Source: 2008 BC Seafood Industry Review, Min of Environment                          2009/2010 fiscal, it carried more than 21 million
                                                                                     passengers and over 8 million vehicles.

                                                                                     The provincial railways are operated by VIA Rail
                                                                                     Canada, BC Railway Company and CN Rail. Amtrak
                                                                                     runs between Seattle, Washington and Vancouver.
                                                                                     The SkyTrain, a light rail rapid-transit system, and

                                                      Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                            Quick Facts about British Columbia

West Coast Express provide commuter rail services                                          Between 1997 and 2009 several industries have
in the Greater Vancouver area.                                                             risen in importance within the manufacturing sector.
                                                                                           The computer and peripheral equipment industry
Local, regional and national air carriers operating                                        has nearly tripled its GDP (+195%), while
throughout British Columbia provide scheduled and                                          pharmaceuticals and medicines (+176%) and
charter services to domestic and foreign                                                   electronic products (+73%) have also had significant
destinations. They use a network of more than 290                                          increases in their GDP.
land-based airports, water-based facilities and
heliports.                                                                                 In 2009, the manufacturing sector had shipments
                                                                                           valued at about $33 billion, and employed nearly
Vancouver International Airport                                                            164,000 persons.
Enplaned & Deplaned Passengers (thousands)
                                                    2007      2008     2009                 Manufacturing Shipments b y Industry—2009
Domestic                                            9,017     9,345   8,677                 Industry                           $Millions      %
Transborder (U.S.)                                  4,361     4,335   3,849                 Wood                                   4,646    14.2
International                                       4,117     4,172   3,653                 Food                                   5,742    17.5
Total Passengers                                   17,495    17,852 161,789                 Paper                                  4,432    13.5
Source: Vancouver International Airport Authority as of July 29, 2010
                                                                                            Primary metal                          2,074     6.3
                                                                                            Machinery                              1,550     4.7
Victoria International Airport                                                              Computer and electronic products       1,091     3.3
Enplaned & Deplaned Passengers (thousands)                                                  Transportation equipment                 944     2.9
                                                    2007       2008      2009               Plastics and rubber                      943     2.9
Domestic                                            1,280      1,297     1,268              Furniture and related                    885     2.7
Transborder (U.S.)                                    184        231       250              Printing and related                     606     1.9
International                                          18         10        15              Other                                  9,803    30.0
Total Passengers                                    1,482      1,538     1,533              Total                                32,716    100.0
Source: Victoria International Airport Authority

                                                                                           High Technology Sector
Major domestic and international service is provided
by Air Canada and WestJet. Vancouver International                                         The high technology sector includes a variety of
Airport (YVR), Canada’s second busiest airport, is                                         manufacturers such as pharmaceuticals, electronics,
served by 69 airlines including scheduled carriers,                                        and telecommunications equipment. It also includes
charters, and cargo carriers. In 2009, YVR was the                                         service industries such as engineering, computer
gateway for about 198,000 tonnes of cargo and had                                          services, motion picture and video production,
258,000 runway take-offs and landings.                                                     consulting and more.

Manufacturing                                                                              This sector employed 81,140 people in British
                                                                                           Columbia in 2007, with approximately 88 per cent
The province’s manufacturing sector encompasses                                            providing high tech services and the remainder
activities from the manufacture of clothing, plastics,                                     working in manufacturing. Gross domestic product
computers and aerospace products, to more                                                  grew 3.1 per cent in 2007 to over $9.3 billion (1997
traditional activities such as food processing and                                         constant dollars).
pulp, paper and lumber production. The main
manufacturing industries are largely resource-based,                                       For more information on the high technology sector,
with a major emphasis on forest products, food and                                         look under the Business and Industry section on our
metal products.                                                                            website for these two publications: Input Indicators
                                                                                           of the British Columbia Technology Sector and
Feeling the heat of a global recession,                                                    Profile of the British Columbia High Technology
manufacturing slumped 14.5% in 2009 as a result of                                         Sector.
wood manufacturing shrinking (-18.8%) for a third
straight year, and the paper industry (-16.0%)
marking its fourth consecutive yearly decline. While
most manufacturing industries shrank, the food
products industry bounced back (+3.1%) from a
downturn in 2008.

                                                            Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                                                                  - 10 -
                                 Quick Facts about British Columbia

Retail Trade                                                                 Energy

The value of retail trade in British Columbia reached                        Canada has one-quarter of the world's fresh water
almost $53.7 billion in 2009. On a per capita basis,                         supply, one-third of which is located in British
retail sales in the province were $12,048 compared                           Columbia. This has led to the development of an
to the Canadian average of $12,249 per person.                               extensive hydroelectric generation system. The
                                                                             availability of competitively priced electrical energy
Metropolitan Vancouver is the major trading area in                          continues to be a strong incentive for new energy-
British Columbia, and accounts for almost one-half                           intensive industries to locate in B.C.
of total provincial retail sales. The second-largest
market area is Greater Victoria; the Kelowna,                                BC Hydro provides reliable, low cost electricity to 1.8
Kamloops and Nanaimo areas are also major                                    million customers and serves 94 per cent of the
retailing centres.                                                           province’s population.

                                                                              Electric Power Generation
Retail Trade—2009
Trade Group                                        $Millions     %            Generation - Gigaw atts                          2009
                                                                               Hydro                                         55,872
Supermarkets                                          10,175   19.0
                                                                               Other                                          6,334
New car dealers                                        7,709   14.4           Total Generation                               62,206
Gasoline stations                                      5,691   10.6
                                                                              Receipts from :
Beer, w ine & liquor stores                            3,363    6.3
                                                                               Other provinces                                  299
Pharmacies & personal care stores                      2,990    5.6
                                                                               United States                                 11,286
Home centres & hardw are stores                        2,683    5.0           Total Receipts                                 11,585
Clothing stores                                        2,401    4.5
                                                                              Deliveries to:
Home electronics and appliance stores                  2,099    3.9
                                                                               Other provinces                                1,281
Used & recreational motor vehicle & parts dealer       1,870    3.5            United States                                  6,668
Sporting goods, hobby, music & book stores             1,810    3.4           Total Deliveries                                7,950
Miscellaneous store retailers                          1,616    3.0
                                                                              Total Electricity Available                    65,841
Furniture stores                                       1,086    2.0
                                                                              Source: Statistics Canada
Home furnishings stores                                  924    1.7
Convenience & specialty food stores                      944    1.8
Specialized building materials & garden stores           918    1.7
Shoe, clothing accessories & jew ellery stores           730    1.4
Computer & softw are stores                              221    0.4
Total, all trade groups                               53,675

Total, excl new , used & recreational motor
vehicles                                              44,096
Source: Statistics Canada

                                              Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                                                    - 11 -
                                        Quick Facts about British Columbia

Statistical Appendix
Capital Expenditures b y Sector, 2009                                                   External Trade (Imports)—2009
(Preliminary) and 2010 (Intentions)                                                     Imports through B.C. Ports*
                                                        $Millions % of Total
                                                                                        B.C. Im ports                                            $Millions       %
Sector                                               2009    2010             2010
                                                                                        United States (U.S.)                                    14,673,367    40.0
 Housing                                        11,626 12,195                 28.9
                                                                                        China                                                    8,772,908    23.9
 Mining, oil and gas extraction                      6,292   7,627            18.1
                                                                                        Japan                                                    3,210,991     8.8
 Public Administration                               4,372   4,688            11.1
                                                                                        Korea, South                                             1,483,228     4.0
 Utilities                                           3,218   3,135             7.4
                                                                                        Mexico                                                   1,340,901     3.7
 Transportation and w arehousing                     2,632   2,151             5.1
 Real estate, rental and leasing                     1,547   1,867             4.4
                                                                                        Germany                                                    686,035     1.9
 Information and cultural indus.                     1,321   1,314             3.1
                                                                                        Taiw an                                                    639,684     1.7
 Educational service                                 1,224   1,200             2.8
                                                                                        Australia                                                  471,773     1.3
 Manufacturing                                       1,154   1,195             2.8
                                                                                        Thailand                                                   449,482     1.2
 Retail trade                                        1,136   1,236             2.9
                                                                                        Peru                                                       419,067     1.1
                                                                                        Total Top 10                                            32,147,437    87.7
 Health care and social assistance                   1,083   1,108             2.6
 Finance and insurance                               1,033   1,094             2.6
                                                                                        Other countries                                          4,502,709    12.3
 Construction                                         924     941              2.2
                                                                                        Total Im ports                                          36,650,146   100.0
                                                                                        Source: Strategis, Industry Canada
 Accommodation & food services                        654     654              1.5
                                                                                        * Includes imports destined to other parts of Canada.
 Arts, entertainment, recreation                      477     327              0.8
 Wholesale trade                                      407     342              0.8
                                                                                        External Trade (Exports)—2009
 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunti             360     336              0.8
 Professional, scientific, technical serv             331     322              0.8      B.C. Origin Exports                                      $Millions       %
 Other services                                       260     248              0.6       United States                                             12,912      51.3
 Admin support, w aste mgnt                           192     211              0.5       Japan                                                       3,461     13.7
 Mgmt of companies, enterprises                        14        15            0.0       People's Republic of China                                  2,574     10.2
Total                                           40,257 42,206             100.0          South Korea                                                 1,662      6.6
Private Investm ent                             29,855 31,308                 74.2       Taiw an                                                       463      1.8
Public Investm ent                              10,402 10,899                 25.8       United Kingdom                                                266      1.1
Source: Statistics Canada                                                                Germany                                                       229      0.9
                                                                                         Hong Kong                                                     210      0.8
                                                                                         Australia                                                     179      0.7
Building Permits—2009                                                                    Mexico                                                        163      0.6
                                                                                         India                                                          77      0.3
Top 15 Urban Areas                                   $Millions           %
    Vancouver, C                                         1,270         16.6              Other countries                                             2,997     11.9
    Surrey, C                                              864         11.3             Total Exports                                              25,193     100.0
    Kelow na, C                                            513          6.7             Source: Exports (BC Origin), BC Stats & Statistics Canada
    Burnaby, C                                             401          5.3
    Victoria, C                                            249          3.3             Economic Activity
    Saanich, DM                                            244          3.2                                                                        British
    Langley, DM                                            241          3.2             Personal Incom e                                        Colum bia      Canada
    Coquitlam, C                                           200          2.6             Millions of dollars                           1998         98,135      748,321
    Vernon, C                                              164          2.2                                                           2008        158,504    1,226,585
    Richmond, C                                            158          2.1             Millions of chained 2002 dollars              1998        105,295      807,250
    Kamloops, C                                            157          2.1                                                           2008        144,885    1,116,092
    Delta, DM                                              152          2.0             Personal Incom e Per Capita
    Nanaimo, C                                             144          1.9             Dollars                                       1998          24,638     24,816
    Chilliw ack, C                                         140          1.8                                                           2008          36,156     36,804
    Abbotsford, C                                          118          1.5             Chained 2002 dollars                          1998          26,435     26,770
  Other Areas                                            2,615         34.3                                                           2008          33,050     33,489
  Total Building Perm its                                7,630        100.0             Disposable Incom e Per Capita
   Source: Statistics Canada, Prepared by BC Stats                                      Dollars                       1998                          18,676     18,861
                                                                                                                      2008                          28,368     28,534
                                                                                        Chained 2002 dollars          1998                          20,038     20,347
                                                                                                                      2008                          25,931     25,963
                                                                                        Source: Statistics Canada

                                                        Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                                                              - 12 -
                          Quick Facts about British Columbia


2010 Financial and Economic Review, July 2010
Ministry of Finance

Statistics Canada

The State of British Columbia’s Forests, 2010
Ministry of Forest and Range

Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources

Ministry of Agriculture

Ministry of Environment

Ministry of Transportation

Government of Canada

Ministry of Health

Ministry of Education and Labour Market

Ministry of Advanced Education

BC Ferries Corporation

Transport Canada

BC Parks

Provincial Agricultural Land Commission


                                   Produced by: BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens’ Services
                                                         - 13 -