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					                                                            CHRISTIAN ASSEMBLIES INTERNATIONAL
                                                                        P.O. Box 888
                                                                COFFS HARBOUR N.S.W. 2450
                                                                         AUSTRALIA

                                                                 Category NI2 Sheet 2038/9809




                                    British Israelites
                                    The Lost Ten Tribes of Israel


BRITISH ISRAELITES, advocates of the                  Anglo-Israelism's first manifesto was issued
Anglo-Israel theory, which maintains that the         by a Puritan Member of Parliament, John
English and their ethnic kinfolk throughout the       Sadler, author of 'Rights of the Kingdom'
world are descended from the Lost Ten Tribes          (1649), but the movement began to gather
of Israel. The theory is based on bizarre theo-       force only at the end of the 18th century, when
logical and linguistic assumptions. Christian-        Richard Brothers, a Messianic prophet and
ity's claim to be the "New Israel" is reinforced      self-styled "Nephew of the Almighty", began
by the legend that Joseph of Arimathea estab-         publishing a series of pamphlets.
lished an English church predating that of
                                                      A later writer, Edward Hine, published the
Rome; the belief that British monarchs, seated
                                                      best-selling 'Forty-seven Identifications of the
at their coronation on the Stone of Scone, are
                                                      British Nation with the Lost Ten Tribes of
thus in fact consecrated by the patriarch
                                                      Israel' (1871) by which time Anglo-Israelism
Jacob's stone of Bethel; and the old Puritan
                                                      had crystallised into an organised movement.
idea that the English have refought Israel's
                                                      The British Israel World Federation, with
battles against God's enemies.
                                                      headquarters in London, claims hundreds of
By a selective and - according to currently           thousands of supporters in English-speaking
accepted criteria - utterly unscientific interpre-    countries; but a kindred organisation in the
tation of the Scriptures, British Israelites are      U.S.A., the Anglo-Saxon Federation of Amer-
able to "prove" that the Japhetic Cymri or            ica, exploited anti-Semitism in order to further
Cimmerians are the ancient Britons (Berit-Ish,        its claims. Anglo-Israelism has become part of
or "Men of the Covenant") and the Saxons,             the doctrine of various Christian sects, for
"Isaac's Sons", while the wanderings of the           example, the Mormon church.
"lost" tribe of Dan are traced from the Dnieper
                                                                                           by G. E. S.
to Denmark and those of the Gadites, from
Gotland to Cambria.

Bibliography:

Hyamson, in 'JQR Vol.15', pp.640-76 (1902-03);
A. Heath, 'A Reply (to) H. L. Goudge, "The British Israel Theory"' (1933);
C. Roth, 'The Nephew of the Almighty' (1933);
J. C. James, 'Hebrew and English; Some Likenesses: Psychic and Linguistic' (1957).



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