Whooping cough vaccine breakthrough at USQ by hjkuiw354


                                      THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN QUEENSLAND • AUSTRALIA
                                      26 FEBRUARY • 2003                  http://www.usq.edu.au/marketng/usqnews/archive/

Whooping cough vaccine breakthrough at USQ
BETWEEN 20 and 40 million people world-wide could benefit from research by
scientists at the University of Southern Queensland into a new, non-invasive,
intranasal vaccine against whooping cough.
     Research team leader and internationally renowned microbiologist Professor
TK Mukkur, said USQ's industrial collaborator Delta Biotechnology Ltd had
recently filed a patent on the technology used to make the vaccine which stimulates
the protective immune mechanisms required for long term protection against
whooping cough (pertussis).
     The research team members BSc Hons graduate Tony Rossetti, PhD candidate
Renee Cornford-Nairn and USQ Associate Professor in the Department of
Biological and Physical Sciences, Dr Grant Daggard, have been working on the
vaccine research for the past five years with funding provided by USQ and
Brisbane's Delta Biotechnology Ltd.
     "This is a significant breakthrough in the quest to combat a killer disease that
affects 20 to 40 million people. The disease is contracted by 2.5 million people and
kills nearly 600,000 children world-wide each year," Professor Mukkur said.
     "Depending on the availability of on-going funding for the project we hope to
start Phase 1 trials in humans within the next 12 to 18 months with a view to having
the vaccine on the market within two years."
     Professor Mukkur said whooping cough patients presented with cold or
influenza-like symptoms with a build-up of mucous in the respiratory tract. These
were followed by a cough and the characteristic "whoop" as the patient entered the
paroxysmal stage of the disease, leading to respiratory failure and even death.
While adults could also acquire whooping cough, cases were not easily diagnosed
as they presented with what appeared to be severe influenza but it was often adults     MICROBIOLOGIST Professor TK Mukkkur and senior research team
                                                                                        member and PhD candidate Renee Cornford-Nairn, test the new whooping
who were the main source of transmission of the disease to young children.
                                                                                        cough vaccine on a laboratory mouse by applying a tiny drop into the animal's
     Professor Mukkur believes the vaccine has several major advantages over            nose. Professor Mukkur said major advantages of this new vaccine, over
earlier forms of whooping cough vaccination.                                            existing whooping cough vaccines included being able to administer it as an
     "We expect that the intranasal vaccine, administered as a nose drop or spray       intranasal spray, that it stimulated protective immune mechanisms to provide
will be free of side reactions in both children and adolescents. We also anticipate     long term protection against the disease, that it displayed no side reactions,
that it will be very cheap to manufacture making it quite accessible in developing      and that it could be manufactured cheaply making it accessible to people in
countries."                                                                             developing countries. Human trials of the vaccine are expected to begin in six
     Professor Mukkur said an injectable whole-cell pertussis vaccine, given in         to 12 months depending on the availability of continued funding for the project.
combination with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTwP, or commonly known as
the triple antigen) had been available for more than 50 years and had been                   Earlier this year Professor Mukkur was invited to speak at the annual Ranbaxy
responsible for reducing the incidence of pertussis. However it has been claimed to     Science Symposium near Delhi in India where he presented a paper on the
cause severe side reactions in a small number of cases. This vaccine is still being     usefulness of theraputic antibodies against bacterial infectious diseases and
used in the developing world.                                                           flagged, and attracted serious interest in, his breakthrough on the whooping cough
     "More recently an acellular vaccine was introduced in western countries            vaccine. While at the symposium he also discussed the possibility of developing
because of the decline in uptake of DTwP but now it has been reported this can also     collaborative research projects with Ranbaxy, a multi-million dollar pharmaceutical
produce side reactions in a measurable percentage of vaccinees and this is              giant on the subcontinent.
characterised by a swelling of the injected limb, particularly during booster                Another major area of research in Professor Mukkur's laboratory is the
vaccinations.                                                                           identification of immunomodulatory compounds from natural products. This
     "This acellular vaccine also has the disadvantage of being quite expensive to      research, conducted in collaboration with Dr Ray Marshall of the Department of
produce so it is not readily accessible to the majority of the developing world         Biological and Physical Sciences has already resulted in the identification of two
community."                                                                             groups of small molecules which stimulate natural killer cells and Th1 cells, which
     Professor Mukkur said the new intranasal vaccine was likely to take over the       are considered to play an important role in the survival of patients with conditions
existing pertussis vaccine market and also had the potential to expand the current      like intracellular infectious diseases and cancer.
market of A$2.9 billion assuming a 100 per cent vaccination rate world-wide.                 Gus Snow-McLean

   INSIDE…                          Pure Land scholarships P3                              Cane cleaner P5                      Designing Heidi P8
New group says cycling is for everyone
ENCOURAGING people to ride bicycles regularly is the aim of the
newly formed Toowoomba Bicycle Users Group (TwbBUG).
    Bicycle Queensland representative and University of Southern
Queensland post-graduate Geomatics student Mark Paterson says the club
will promote the use of bicycles as a legitimate mode of transport as well
as provide input to council planning.
    "We want to give a voice to the community in general and make
students, especially international students, aware that cycling is a viable
and safe transport option,'' Mr Paterson said.
    Toowoomba City Council planning engineer Sue Hendren said the
group would promote cycling as a safe, viable and sustainable transport
option for both residents and visitors.
    "We're not asking people to forego their cars, but just to think about
using bikes instead of the car on those occasions when it is possible,'' Ms
Hendren said.
    Future issues the group will look at include providing safe, secure
bicycle parking and access to footpaths and bikeways.
    Membership to TmbBUG is free and monthly social outings are
planned for 2003.
    For more information contact Mark Paterson on 4631 1713 or Sue
Hendren on 4688 6352.
    Deborah Marshall

CYCLE SAFETY: TmbaBUG member Mark Paterson demonstrates how to
ride a bicycle safely while TCC's Sue Hendren looks on. To comply with
current legislation all bicycles should carry a warning device such as a bell
or horn. For night riding, bicycles should be fitted with a white, steady or
flashing light at the front and a red flashing or steady light and red reflector
at the back of the bike.

 FOND FAREWELL: Graduation ceremonies will never be the same
 again after the official retirement of Jan Lindau recently. For almost 25
 years Jan has been involved with USQ, firstly as secretary to the
 Registrar, secretary to Rod Treyvaud Dean of the School of Business
 Studies and Deputy Director and a number of other appointments
 including six years organising Course Promotions. But it was in 1988              UNDERSTANDING AUSTRALIA: Twenty-two Japanese students will
 that she became the Scheduling and Ceremonies Officer for which she               spend five weeks studying Australian culture as part of a program
 has since developed a reputation for highly-organised and efficient               organised by USQ's Office of Preparatory Studies (OPACS) and the
 graduation ceremonies. During this appointment, Jan has organised                 Kumbari/Ngurpai Lag Higher Education Centre. Kai Suke Saito (right)
 270 graduations, timetabled more than 17,000 rooms and arranged                   is part of the student group from Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto who
 countless pre-orientation tours. "My retirement will be difficult for me          will learn more about Australian indigenous culture, multiculturalism
 because USQ has been an important part of my life for a long time and             and indigenous history. The group will also travel to Cherbourg
 I wouldn't have swapped jobs with anyone." But post-USQ life will be              Aboriginal Community and USQ's Wide Bay campus where they will
 anything but dull, with plans afoot for piano and bridge lessons, charity         meet with Aboriginal elders and indigenous students. Aboriginal elder
 work and the renovation of a 100 year old house before touring Australia          Lillian Colonel (left) welcomes Kai Suke to USQ and provides him with
 next year with her partner Neil Upton (pictured).                                 a valuable insight into Aboriginal culture.

    2 • USQ NEWS • 26 FEBRUARY 2003
                       FROM THE
                                                                           Professor Desley Hegney to have a joint appointment with UQ as
                                                                           well as with USQ. This Memorandum has been entered into a time
                                                                           when the University of Queensland has established a Rural Clinic
                      VICE                                                 Division (SW Qld Region) of their School of Medicine. This is
                      CHANCELLOR                                           currently based at the Toowoomba General Hospital. I hope that in
                                                                           the near future it will be possible to strengthen further this research
                      Peter Swannell                                       linkage in the area of rural and remote area health. This can be
                                                                           achieved by badging USQ's Centre as a joint centre for USQ and
                                                                           UQ, thereby greatly enhancing the possibility of success for both
  I want to tell you about three very important research activities that   institutions. We hope that the Head of the Rural Clinical Division,
  have received a great boost in recent weeks.                             (SW Qld Region), Dr Peter Baker, will be able to take up an
      The University has just been awarded its first National Health       Honorary Professorship at USQ and a Deputy Directorship of the
  and Medical Research Council Development grant. The grant,               Centre.
  worth $170,000, has been awarded to Dr Mike Kotiw from the                   Our work in engineered fibre composites continues to make
  Faculty of Sciences and Hon Professor Stuart Hazell, the former          progress. We have finalised various agreements with the State
  Dean of the Faculty of Sciences. The purpose of the research is to       Government for the provision of funds for the construction of the
  construct a safe and effective vaccine against Helicobacter pyloria      Centre of Excellence for Engineered Fibre Composites (CEEFC).
  infections.                                                              You will recall that the University won support for this Centre from
      The Helicobacter pyloria is a significant human pathogen             the Queensland Department of Innovation and the Information
  impacting on the health and well being of thousands of Australians       Economy in 2002. We now look forward to commencing the
  and millions of people worldwide.                                        construction of the Centre within the next few months. There is
      Obtaining this funding is a most deserved success for our            much work to be done and many great opportunities for further
  researchers in this area and I congratulate Mike and Stuart on their     research and development.
  achievement.                                                                 Best wishes to everyone as semester one begins. I especially
      The University, through its Centre for Rural and Remote Area         appreciate the work that has been done by our admissions and
  Health (CRRAH), has entered into a Memorandum of                         enrolments staff during a very busy period of domestic and
  Understanding with the University of Queensland that will allow          international enrolments.

Scholarship relieves purse strings
MONEY may not be everything but to Natalie Browning and her
family it does make life much easier.
    And it will also make tertiary education a more realistic goal for
Natalie having recently been awarded an annual $8000 scholarship
for five years by the Pure Land Learning College in Toowoomba.
    Natalie is one of eight Year 11 students from schools throughout
the Darling Downs who will receive part of the $200,000 grant
donated by the Buddhist college.
    The scholarships enable students to continue full-time education
in Years 11 and 12 and provides further financial support should they
pursue tertiary studies at USQ.
    The students were chosen based on their academic potential and
their need for financial support to ensure their educational goals could
be achieved.
    Natalie, who attends Harristown State High School, said the
scholarship would ease the financial pressure on her family and allow
her to concentrate on doing well at school.
    "Last year I had to find a part-time job but now the scholarship
will let me concentrate more on working towards a high OP,"
Natalie said.
    Single-parent Sue Browning said education was a major priority
in their family but limited money meant textbooks and school
uniforms always stretched the tight budget.
    She said the scholarship money had already allowed Natalie to
attend a student enrichment course held over four weekends in
Brisbane for students interested in maths and science.
    Natalie hopes to study secondary education specialising in
science at USQ where, thanks to the generous scholarship, money
will no longer be a major obstacle.
    Heather Smith

NO WORRIES: Money issues will not prevent Year 11 student Natalie
Browning from pursuing a tertiary education after being presented with
an $8000 financial boost by the Pure Land Learning College Vice-
President Wutong recently.

                                                                                          USQ NEWS • 26 FEBRUARY 2003 • 3
 The heArt of education                               ART is the heart of education.                    metaphoric connections linking personal
                                                           This is the premise of University of         experience to their cultural environment.
                                                      Southern Queensland visual arts educator Dr            "The challenge is to see images as more
                                                      Karen Knight-Mudie.                               than decorations and help students make
                                                           "As young children, the most immediate       those connections."
                                                      way of coming to know the world is through            Dr Knight-Mudie describes the conflict
                                                      development of a personal repertoire of           that takes place in the mind when creating an
                                                      image symbols and the manipulation of             image as a "loving battle" where the concept
                                                      media.                                            of imagination plays a pivotal role in personal
                                                           "By Year 6, however, many students are       experience. She insists that all deep thinking
                                                      embarrassed to use imagery because art is         involves mental conflict.
                                                      often regarded by some people as peripheral           "If no two people possess the same
                                                      to learning and therefore unnecessary. This is    cognitive ability or motivation, why are some
                                                      not so.'' Dr Knight-Mudie said.                   able to read and write with some degree of
                                                           She said teachers needed new ways of         competency without aspiring to be authors,
                                                      looking at things and should dispel the           while others regard an inability to make
                                                      western notion of "hands on brains off".          images as their 'normal lack of magic'?
                                                           "Art is seen as a site for the consumer, a       "If survival in our imaged world does
                                                      commodity rather than something that is           require development of competency in
                                                      enriching and empowering.                         making and understanding images, does this
                                                           "As members of a western society, we         mean we might learn to make art in similar
                                                      have inherited an attitude that regards art as    ways as learning to write? We need to
                                                      unimportant to cognitive development, yet         consider art as a complex language."
                                                      many of our affective experiences are                 "Being artistic is not out of reach for the
 ARTS EXHIBITION: Arts educator Karen                 triggered by images - on television,              ordinary person. Rather it relies on the
 Knight-Mudie with one of her water-colours At        billboards, computer screens and movies."         individual being able to tap into her/his
 the end of the Violet Gorge. She will hold her            She said words and images had a vital        creative self by developing personal
 exhibition Beaches, Bush and Beyond at the           role to play as symbolic systems that allowed     imaginative capacity,'' she said.
 USQ Arts Theatre from October 6 to 31, 2003.         a person to make sense of their world through         Deborah Marshall

Multiple literacies essential for graduates
IT is the role of educators to ensure tertiary students are fluent in
multiple literacies when they graduate.
    This was the message from the principal advisor of the Literate
Futures Project for Education Queensland, Dr Michele Anstey, at a
recent USQ seminar - New Definitions of Literacy: Implications for
Meeting Graduate Attributes.
    Dr Anstey said teachers should equip students with the necessary
skills needed to engage with the diversity of literacies in today's
constantly changing world.
    "In the past, there were those who tended to think that there was
only one meaning to be gained from a text, a hangover from the days
when the predominant white culture was seen as homogenous. In fact
there are multiple meanings in any one text,'' she said..
    "Up until the 1970s, the typewriter and pen and paper were
dominant forms of communication, but rapid technological change has
irrevocably altered how people learn and understand.
    "They learn from a range of tools including computers, the
internet and the media. Most of what we learn comes to us via a visual
image overlaid with commentary.
    "As teachers, we need to ask ourselves whether we have equipped
our students with the know-how to read visual images for themselves."
    She said multi-literacies focussed on the ways literacy was
redefined by social, technological and economic change.
    "Being multi-literate requires understanding of different cultures
and being able to use the literacies of a range of texts and technologies
and social responsibility.
    Dr Anstey said teachers needed to use literacies as a whole set of
resources to draw upon in different situations.
     "If your students are operating in an oral mode, (teachers, nurses,
doctors), are we giving them sufficient practice? What are the social,
cultural and linguistic features of their individual workplaces?"
    Further information on the Literate Futures project can be found at
    Deborah Marshall

   4 • USQ NEWS • 26 FEBRUARY 2003
New extractor fan enhances cane cleaning
NEW research by the National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture                 performance. The airflow that they induced in the extractor chamber
(NCEA) is set to revolutionise the cane harvesting cleaning system.                swirled and was not of uniform velocity.
    NCEA consulting engineer Dr Harry Harris has designed the Anti                           "The ideal airflow is purely axial in direction, and uniform in
Vortex fan, a new extractor fan, which outperforms the standard                                  velocity across the entire fan area,'' Dr Harris said.
extractor fan in cane loss, extraneous matter percentage, improved                               Previous cane harvester extractor fans were a three-bladed
blade life and power requirements.                                                                      type, very similar to the familiar ceiling fan which
    The standard cane harvester cuts leaves, cane tops, and                                               had a small hub relative to its diameter, and the flat
the cane itself into short lengths. It then attempts to                                                                 steel blades simply formed into a
"clean" this flow of material by separating the tops and                                                             circular cross section shape.
leaves from the cane and inducing a flow of air through
the mat of cane material.                                                                                     CLEAN CANE: The cane industry will benefit
                                                                                                              from the new Anti Vortex fan, developed by
    The mat is passing through the harvester
                                                                                                              NCEA consulting engineer Dr Harry Harris.
at one or two tonnes per minute. Lighter                                                                          The modern technology outperforms the
leaves and tops are more readily captured                                                                             standard extractor fan in cane loss to
in the airflow, while the heavier billets (or                                                                            energy consumption.
lengths) of cane continue undisturbed.
    The material is drawn through the fan and                                                                                 Dr Harris says new AV fan looks
discharged onto the ground while the billets drop                                                                           very different. It has a large hub
into the base of an elevator and are conveyed to a following field bin.            (half the fan diameter) and four relatively short but broad blades formed to
    "Optimal cleaning would be achieved if all the leaves and tops, or             a circular arc in cross section, but also twisted along their length. The AV
extraneous matter were extracted without any cane being lost at the same           fan also has a large hemispherical centre body that helps to lead the
time, but in reality, the degree of success is measured by either the              airflow around the hub
percentage of cane in the extraneous matter, or the percentage of                       He said the blade design was easier to manufacture and should
extraneous matter in the cane,'' Dr Harris says.                                   perform better with captured solids. Because the fan is operating properly,
    "Ideally both these percentages should be low, perhaps 1%. More                the flow through the extractor chamber and into the fan is axial, more
normally, if one is low, then the other is high. You can have clean cane, but      uniform and does not swirl.
lose a lot of it because of the vigorous cleaning. Alternatively, you can               The new "Anti Vortex" (AV) fan is standard on all Case IH Austoft
reduce the intensity of the cleaning and have low cane losses, but with lots       7000 Series harvesters built for 2003. Austoft Engineering now
of extraneous matter included."                                                    manufactures all new machines with the AV Fan as standard with a large
    Earlier extractor fan designs provided a less than optimal cleaning            number of older machines now being retrofited.

  Education gives athletes more options
                                                                                AUSTRALIA'S elite sportsmen and women should build their
                                                                                educational and career performance as a path to medal-winning success
                                                                                according to a newly appointed Sport Psychology Professorial Research
                                                                                Fellow at USQ.
                                                                                    In an innovative partnership with the Queensland Academy of Sport
                                                                                (QAS), Professor Peter Terry will divide his time between USQ and QAS
                                                                                where he will coordinate the psychological support for Queensland's elite
                                                                                sport performers.
                                                                                    Professor Terry, who is also the national Chair of the College of Sports
                                                                                Psychologists of the Australian Psychology Society, has worked at
                                                                                London's Brunel University and with the 2000 British Olympic Team, said
                                                                                not only did extra-sporting activities such as university study open up
                                                                                career paths for later in life but also had the potential to contribute to the
                                                                                well-being and ultimately the sporting performance of elite athletes.
                                                                                    "It's an important development in elite sports that academies and
                                                                                sporting clubs encouraged and provided support for their athletes in
                                                                                developing post-sports careers," he said.
                                                                                    Professor Terry said modern elite sportspeople trained and travelled
                                                                                extensively which made study difficult.
                                                                                    "However, modern distance education and e-learning, as practised by
                                                                                universities such as the University of Southern Queensland provide
                                                                                multiple options for busy people so that they can study in their own time
                                                                                anywhere in the world."
                                                                                    USQ Vice-Chancellor Professor Peter Swannell congratulated
                                                                                Professor Terry on his success and thanked the Queensland Academy of
                                                                                Sport for its support.
                                                                                    "This is extremely generous of the QAS and will assist in the
                                                                                development of important sports-related research at USQ," Professor
                                                                                Swannell said.
                                                                                    He said sporting and academic achievement went 'hand in glove' and
                                                                                that USQ, through its leadership in distance education and e-learning had
                                                                                over recent years attracted a range of elite sportspeople including members
                                                                                of the Australian women's hockey team, Queensland and Australian
                                                                                cricketers, the Broncos rugby league team, swimmers, Olympic-medallist
                                                                                canoeists, and members of the ACT Brumbies rugby union team.
                                                                                    John Austin

                                                                                                    USQ NEWS • 26 FEBRUARY 2003 • 5
                                                     NEW LAWN MOWER: Never used. Victor
  What’s On                                          Commando Mulch/Catch 160cc 2 stroke $450
                                                     (new price $560). Ph: X1470 or 4636 3116.
                                                                                                                In Brief
                                                     PROFESSIONAL landscaping and garden
Until 4 April
AWAKENINGS: An exhibition featuring a                maintenance. Lawn care, pruning, tree lopping,     Library database changes
selection of contemporary work by seven              irrigation systems, mowing, makeovers, new         THE Library has acquired several new
Korean photographers. USQ Arts Gallery 9am           gardens designed. Contact Rusell Campbell          electronic databases. These new services
- 5pm Monday - Friday.                               Ph: 4636 2804.                                     replaced a long standing electronic resource
10-15 & 19-22 March                                  TO RENT: Large furnished/unfurnished room          called WebSpirs from 14 February. "WebSpirs"
THE HEIDI CHRONICLES: Heidi Holland                  for rent to share fully furnished house with one   will be replaced by OVID and Informit, with
is a woman of the 20th century on a humorous         female. $75 per week plus expenses (2 weeks        the Mental Measurements Yearbook being
and moving journey towards truth and self-           bond required - $150). Walking distance to Uni,    accessed directly from the SilverPlatter
discovery with her three lifelong companions.        Westridge and McDonald Town Shopping               platform. For further information go to
                                                     Centres. Ph: X2627 or 4687 6768.                   http://www.usq.edu.au/library/services/circulatio
She learns about love, feminism, the me-
                                                     TV UNIT: Brand new pine corner TV unit .           n/disruptionsdatabases.htm or contact Gary
generation, flower power and the racing 80s.
                                                     Never used (unsuitable purchase). Approx 150       Hudson X 1501 or ghudson@usq.edu.au
USQ Arts Theatre 7.30pm. $18 Adult/ $14
Concession/ $10 Preview.                             cm high. Fit VCR and DVD player. 2-door
28 April
                                                     storage area underneath. Original price $539.
                                                     Asking $420 or offer. Phone 4635 1125 a/h or
                                                                                                        "O" week displays
conference for secondary school teachers and         X 2192.                                            There are a number of displays in the Clive
academics to provide information on                                                                     Berghofer Recreation Centre to mark "O"
                                                     VINYL LOUNGE: Black,                 near new
                                                                                                        Week. Of particular interest to students and
curriculum and practice at USQ and in                condition, 2 X 2 and 1 X 1, $450 ono. Ph: 4631
                                                                                                        staff is the Telstra Country Wide display where
secondary schools, and to develop networks to        1003 or 0419 797 165 or kossen@usq.edu.au          there are demonstrations of communic8 Pre-
assist students in the transition from school to     WOODEN DESK: Extremely large with 4                paid Mobiles, information on Internet access
university. For further information contact          drawers. $50. Ph: X 1764 or 4633 4218 a/h.         options, multiple number use on home phones
Linda Galligan on X 2693.                            XF FALCON: 1987 Sedan, T-Bar auto,                 for bill sharing and other useful hints and tips
MEETINGS: Meet new people while                      tow bar, air-con, p/steering, RWC, very            for telecommunications users.
attending the movies or great social                 tidy, well maintained and cared for. $2400.
functions (such as wine tours etc). Contact
Toowoomba Under 38's Social and Movie
Group. E-mail moviegrouptmba@homtail.com
                                                     Ph: 4635 0546 a/h.
                                                     3M        MULTIMEDIA            PROJECTOR:
                                                     MP8610, 500 ANSI lumens of on-screen
                                                                                                        Singers wanted
or check out the website                                                                                MALE and female singers from the
                                                     brightness, single panel, active-matrix TFT        Toowoomba community are invited to become
http://au.geocities.com/moviegrouptoowoomba/         LCD technology with 16.7 million colours at        part of the USQ Opera Studio's 2003 Opera
DAILY: Lunch time joggers leave from the No.         true SVGA (800x600) resolution, includes hard      Season which is set to run from 8 to 18 October.
2 Cricket Oval at 12:15 most days. All
                                                     shipping case. $2250 ono. Men's bicycle,               USQ Opera Studio director Arthur Johnson
welcome. Further information contact Professor                                                          said this year's production would be a collage of
                                                     Malvern Star Tarago, 20" frame, 12 speed gears,
Tony Roberts on X 5539.                                                                                 acts from Gluck's Orfeo, Mozart's Don
                                                     $100. Women's bicycle, Malvern Star Bacall,
                                                     $100. Single ensemble bed $350. Single white       Giovanni and Bizet's Carmen.
                                                                                                            "This year we have a strong consort of
 Uni Trader                                          bed head $150. Ph: 4698 2120 after 6pm.

                                                                                                        female voices but we are a bit short of tenors
                                                                                                        and basses," Mr Johnson said.
                                                                                                            "Rehearsals for the production will begin in
ALFA ROMEO: 1986, Silver, 4-cylinder, 5-             PERSON TO SHARE: Share house with one              August on Tuesday or Wednesday evenings
door hatch, manual, 195,000 km, 2 months             female and one guard dog. $90 per week plus        with more frequent full company rehearsals
rego, excellent condition, ideal first car, $3200.   expenses. Phone Kylie on 0419 865 389.             with the USQ Orchestra from about 18
Ph: 4636 1097.                                       PIANO: Second-hand piano in good condition         September. The season will run on alternate
COMPUTER: HP Pentium III with 4GB hard               to suit young student. Ph: X 2591.                 nights from 8 October.
disk, 64MB Ram, 15'' Super Colour VGA                STAFF TO SHARE: Staff member to share 3                "This production not only gives members of
Monitor, 50x CDROM Drive, sound card and             bedroom house, Kenric Street (near CBD),           the community a golden opportunity to perform
speakers, modem, Windows 98, MSOffice,               $90/week. Ph: Angelo 0418 185 710.                 some of the finest pieces in the opera repertoire
MYOB Accounting, Norton Antivirus and other                                                             but also to perform with the USQ Orchestra in a
software included. $450 Ph: X 2537 or 4636                                                              professional atmosphere."
                                                                                                            The production will be directed by Brendan
ENSEMBLE: Queen size, Simmons
Ultrapedic Contour, $180. Single bed, pine
                                                     Newsmakers                                         Roth who is recognised as one of Brisbane's
                                                                                                        new breed of young directors. Mr Roth, who is
                                                                                                        a graduate of the Queensland Conservatorium
slats, and mattress, $100. Ph: X 1760.               PROFESSOR PETER TERRY: Newly
                                                                                                        of Music, is currently working with the
FORD FALCON: AU Wagon, 1998, air,                    appointed sport psychology professional
                                                                                                        Backbone Youth Arts company.
power steering, cargo barrier, cruise control,       research fellow was quoted in The Chronicle            Guest artist for the season will be well
tow bar. 87 000 kms, excellent condition             and on ABC Radio about the recent drug             known Brisbane tenor Chris Holden. Further
$14,900. Ph: 4630 1633.                              incident involving Australian cricket player       information contact Arthur Johnson on X1124.
FORD LASER: 89 Hatch, safety certificate, 6          Shane Warne. He also featured on WIN TV and                       is published fortnightly by Marketing and
months reg, engine vgc, $3200 Ph: 4631 2777.         was quoted in The Chronicle about the               USQ           Public Relations, The University of Southern
                                                                                                         NEWS          Queensland, Darling Heights, Toowoomba, Qld
HONDA VT 250: 50,000 kms, VGC - suit                 partnership between USQ and the Queensland
                                                                                                         Editor                Gus Snow-McLean
learner, $2200 ono Ph: 46355277.                     Academy of Sport, which has funded his              Journalists           Deborah Marshall
IRONING: Professional job. $12/hour plus             Professorial Research Fellowship.                                         Heather Smith
                                                     PROFESSOR TK MUKKUR, Centre for                     Design & Production Concept Art & Design Group
spray. Excellent quality. Phone 4633 0053.                                                               Photography           Interactive Learning Services, USQ
MICROWAVE OVEN: 'Sharp', large size,                 Biomedical Research, Dr Grant Daggard,              Printing              USQ Printing Services
excellent condition, ideal for students, $80.        Renee Cornford-Nairn and Tony Rossetti              Next Publication      12 March 2003
                                                                                                         Deadline              Noon, 3 March 2003
Optional cabinet for microwave oven, excellent       attracted national print, radio and television      Advertising Enquiries Gus Snow-McLean (07) 4631 2977
condition (spacious cupboard with pullout            media attention with their breakthrough non-        Fax                   (07) 4635 5550
bench tray, walnut colour), $90. Ph: 4636 1097.      invasive intranasal whooping cough vaccine.         Email                 mclean@usq.edu.au
                                                                                                                                                  1728UN/ASF GROUP

   6 • USQ NEWS • 26 FEBRUARY 2003
International enrolments are booming
USQ last week celebrated the arrival of more
than 150 international students who begin their
tertiary studies this semester.
     This year 5200 overseas internal and
external students have enrolled with USQ, 400
more than the same time last year.
     Students from countries including
Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, France, Pakistan,
India and Sweden were welcomed by
Toowoomba Mayor Cr Dianne Thorley and
Vice-Chancellor Professor Peter Swannell.
     A number of Toowoomba residents,
university lecturers and staff also attended the
welcome celebrations.
     Cr Thorley said Toowoomba was home to
people from 64 different nationalities who
contributed to the city's unique cultural
     Fifty of those nationalities are represented
at USQ where a total of 25,000 students have
enrolled for 2003.
     Professor Swannell assured the students
they would enjoy their stay in Australia as he
had done for the past 31 years since moving
from England.
     "You will find many helpful and friendly
people in this university and in the community
who will be more than willing to help make
                                                          The new students will study across USQ's   Pictured with Vice-Chancellor Professor Peter
your stay as enjoyable as possible."
                                                      five faculties in information technology,      Swannell at the international welcome ceremony
     He said the student's priority was their study
                                                      business, science, engineering, arts and       were (from left) Laisa Kubuabola (Fiji), Chika
and the university would maximise their
                                                      education.                                     Sakada (Japan), Jong Sze Joon (Malaysia) and
chances of success by providing them with first
                                                          Heather Smith                              Christian Gladh (Sweden).
class academic and social support.

                                                                                            USQ NEWS • 26 FEBRUARY 2003 • 7

Set designer brings film credentials
                                   ALTHOUGH he has worked on blockbuster films such as Mission
                                   Impossible 2 and Scooby Doo, Bruce McKinven, guest set designer for
                                   the USQ Performance Centre's forthcoming play The Heidi Chronicles,
                                   says theatre is his first love.
                                        "Because there are so many different people working on films you
                                   don't experience the intimacy or collaboration of theatre,'' said the QUT
                                   and NIDA graduate.
                                        "I love to work with people and the best part of set designing for me is
                                   the interaction with the director, actors, lighting designers and the myriad
                                   others who make up a production."
                                        Faced with the challenge of designing the set for the Wendy
                                   Wasserstein's Pulitzer prize-winning play The Heidi Chronicles, Bruce is
                                   disarmingly frank.
                                        "A good set design should enhance a production without detracting
                                   from the actors telling the story,'' he said.
                                        "The set should help move the narrative along without shifting the
                                   focus from the action on stage.
                                        Performed by final-year acting students, The Heidi Chronicles spans
                                   three decades from the 1960s to the 1980s and traces the life of Heidi
                                   (Kathryn Marquet), who struggles to find her place in the turbulent times
                                   of feminism versus marriage and motherhood.
                                        "My approach is quite subtle and sensitive and I tend to work with the
                                   emotions of a play.
                                        "After I've read the script a few times I can work out what's required
                                   in the way of props and lighting. An image usually pops into my mind and
                                   I try to find the key ingredients which represent the core of the play.''
                                        "Heidi comprises many scenes set in different decades, so to facilitate
                                   the scene changes the set will be minimalist with directional lighting to
                                   help move the focus."
                                        During the past decade, Bruce has designed seasons for Expressions
                                   Dance company, Australian Dance Theatre, Thwack and West Australian
                                   Ballet as well as The Dying Gaul for the State Theatre Company in South
                                   Australia. He is currently designing David Williamson's A Conversation
                                   for the Queensland Theatre Company.
                                        The Heidi Chronicles will run from 10 to 15 and 19 to 22 March at
                                   7.30pm with a matinee on Wednesday, 19 March at 11am.
                                        For bookings phone the Performance Centre box office on 4631 1111.
                                        Deborah Marshall

 8 • USQ NEWS • 26 FEBRUARY 2003

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