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The following presentation is by Don K. Preston,
President Preterist Research Institute. 1
"Forwe did not follow cunningly devised
fables when we made known to you the
power and coming (parousia, DKP) of our
Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of
His majesty. For He received from God the
Father honor and glory when such a voice
came to Him from the Excellent Glory" ‗This
is My beloved Son, in whom I am well
pleased.‘ And we heard this voice which
came from heaven when we were with Him
on the holy mountain. We also have the
prophetic word made more sure, which you
do well to heed as a light that shines in a
dark place, until the day dawns and the
morning star rises in your hearts.‖ 2
REFUTING THE SCOFFERS
BOOBYER: ―2 Peter as a whole is concerned to
buttress hope of the second advent; and in
1:16-18 itself the writer desires above all to
show that the Lord‘s dunamis and parousia
were not ‗cunningly devised fables.‘ They were
not, because he and others had actually been
‗eyewitnesses of that glory.‘ If this was to be of
any value as a proof of the coming dunamis
and parousia it must have been something of
the parousia greatness that the eyewitnesses
on the ‗holy mount‘ saw.‖
The Transfiguration Defines The Parousia
Anticipated By Peter And Denied By The3
The significance of the Transfiguration for the study
of eschatology today cannot be overstated. Scoffers
were denying the 2nd coming of the Lord (2 Peter
To refute them Peter appealed to the
Transfiguration as visionary confirmation of the
By appealing to the Transfiguration the apostle
gives the definitive definition of the parousia.
Because the Transfiguration was a vision of
the parousia, if we wish to know the Biblical
definition of the Lord‘s coming we must go to
the Mount. 4
WHAT THEY SAW
Ramsey: ―By appearing together Moses and
Elijah sum up the entire drama of the old
order from its beginning to its end; the one is
the predecessor, the other is the precursor of
Moses and Elijah appeared in glory with
Jesus, (Luke 9:30-31); but the glory of Jesus
out shined those grand spokesman of the Old
The Father removed Moses and Elijah, Jesus
alone remained: "This is my beloved Son, 5in
whom I am well pleased: Hear Him!"
MOSES (EX. 24/ 34) JESUS
AARON, NADAB AND PETER, JAMES, JOHN
MOSES TRANSFIGURED JESUS TRANSFIGURED
FACE AND CLOTHES FACE AND CLOTHES
SHINE (EX. 34:29) SHINE
APPEARANCE OF CLOUD APPEARANCE OF CLOUD
GLORY OF GOD (24) GLORY OF GOD
BATH KOHL BATH KOHL
MOSES RECEIVED THE CHRIST ORDAINED AS
Peter said the Transfiguration established
the prophecies of the parousia more sure. On
the Mount they saw a vision of the parousia.
But the Transfiguration was a vision of the
transformation from the Old Covenant Glory
of Moses and the Prophets to the New
Covenant Glory of Jesus the Messiah.
Therefore the Biblical definition of the
Parousia is Covenantal Transformation
and not cosmic annihilation!
FROM GLORY TO GLORY!
The Transfiguration, as a vision of the
parousia, was a vision of the
―metamorphosis‖ the transformation
from the glory of Moses to the Glory of
―Body‖ of flesh– ―Body‖ of Glory
2 Corinthians 3– Paul was the minister
of the New Covenant– which has greater
glory than that of Moses.
Through Paul‘s ministry, they were
being ―transformed‖ metamorphosis– 8
―from glory to glory‖ (2 Cor. 3:16)
THE TRANSFIGURATION AND COVENANT CHANGE
Transfiguration 2 Corinthians 3
The Glory of the First
Glory of Moses
―We are being
(metamorphsosis) (metamorphosis) ―From
glory to Glory!‖
Glory of Moses fades
When one turns to
Christ, the veil is taken
Gloryof Christ away
anticipated and Paul‘s (Spirit led)
established ministry (4:1)
THE TRANSFIGURATION - MATTHEW 16:27-28
Mat. 16:27-28 has caused great
perplexity- Connection to the
Amillennialism- V. 27– end of
time; v. 28 - Pentecost.
Transfiguration fulfills the
ELEMENTS OF MATTHEW 16:27-28
Matthew 16:21f provides the following
contextual, constituent elements:
Suffering of Christ and his disciples (21f)
Promise of vindication– Coming of the
Son of Man in Judgment / reward (v. 27)
Coming of the Kingdom (v. 28)
New Covenant- Parousia / Marriage / New
Covenant are inextricably linked;
Isaiah 62:2-12– Mt. 16:27 is Isaiah 62!
Hosea 2:15-23- New Covenant- Remarriage!
First Century Fulfillment (v. 28).
MATTHEW 16: FULFILLED WHEN?
Transfiguration is not the fulfillment of Mt.
16:27f, it is a visionary confirmation of
fulfillment! (Mt. 17:11)
It is confirmation of the prophetic word!
If transfiguration was a vision of Mt. 16:27f,
then we must find some event that fulfills
requirements: vindicative parousia, kingdom,
passing of Torah, New Covenant and Marriage,
first century fulfillment
Fulfillment demands an event to satisfy all of
CHRIST’S VINDICATION COMING
Element #1– Vindication of Christ‘s suffering
and his disciples– (Judgment!)
1 Thessalonians 2:14-16
2 Thessalonians 1:4f
Revelation 6 / 18-19!
AD 70 was indubitably Christ‘s coming
in judgment of his murderers, and the
persecutors of his apostles and prophets!
ELEMENT #2– CHRIST‘S KINGDOM COMING
Matthew 25:31f– When the Son of man
comes in his glory, then shall he sit on
the throne of his glory
Luke 19:12f– Receive kingdom and
return (judgment at return)
2 Timothy 4:1– Judgment and kingdom!
Revelation 11:15f– Kingdoms of this
world have become the kingdoms of our
God and of His Christ!
ELEMENT #3– PAROUSIA AND PASSING OF TORAH
Matthew 24:1-3- Christ’s coming, end of
the age, destruction of the temple all
2 Corinthians 3– Being removed
Hebrews 8:13- Nigh to passing!
Hebrews 9:6-10– No access while Torah
remained valid– no access until
destruction of Jerusalem– at the
ELEMENT #4- PAROUSIA- MARRIAGE- NEW COVENANT
God‘s remarriage– The New
Mat. 16:27 is a citation of Isaiah 62–
the promise of the remarriage of
The time of the remarriage is the
time of the New Covenant (Hosea
2:18-23)– I will make a covenant- you
shall, call me husband, I will betroth
you to me… (In the last days (3:5) 16
PAROUSIA- MARRIAGE- NEW COVENANT
Transfiguration = Matthew 16:27
Matthew 16:27 = Isaiah 62- The time of
the remarriage of Israel/ time of the New
Covenant– Hosea 2:18-23.
The time of the remarriage (Thus, the
finalizing of the New Covenant)– at the
destruction of the city that killed the
prophets (vindicative judgment of
Matthew 22: ―All Things Are Ready!
ELEMENT #5- SOME STANDING HERE!
Vindication of the Saints– AD 70--- Matthew 23– This
Judgment of Jerusalem for slaying the saints–
Matthew 24:2-3; 29-34; 1 Thes. 2:15-16– This Generation
Christ coming in the Kingdom– Luke 21:20-32– This
The Remarriage– New Covenant– ―The master sent out
his armies and killed those wicked men and burnt
their city‖ (Matthew 22:7– Revelation 18-19).
Every constituent element of Matthew 16:21-28 was
said to occur in Jesus‘ first century generation– in the
judgment of Old Covenant Jerusalem.
SUMMARY TO THIS POINT
The Transfiguration was a vision of the
fulfillment of Matthew 16:21-28.
Only one event fits all of the criteria!
Christ came in judgment / vindication of the
martyrs in AD 70
Christ came in the kingdom in AD 70
Christ came at the end of the age of Torah in
Christ came for his wedding in AD 70!
The Transfiguration- as a vision of the end of
the age of Torah– fits perfectly!
NOTHING ELSE FITS!!
Fact: The Transfiguration was a vision
of the Second Coming of Christ.
Fact: It was a vision of the end of Moses
and the Law!
It was not:
A Vision of the Cross—No judgment
A Vision of Pentecost– No judgment
A Vision of the beginning of the
FULFILLMENT AND TORAH
Fact: The Transfiguration was a vision of the
Second Coming of Christ– Mt. 16:27.
Fact: It was a vision of the end of Moses and
Transfiguration- End of Torah- Parousia!
Wherever you posit fulfillment of Matthew 16:27,
since the Transfiguration was a vision of the end of
Torah would– will– remain valid until the
Thus, if Matthew 16:27 is unfulfilled- Torah
remains valid– the New Covenant is not 21
SCOFFERS, TORAH AND PAROUSIA
Was A Vision Of The
Passing Of Torah Vision of the
It was a vision of what the scoffers
IfTorah Passed At The Cross, Why Didn’t
Peter Tell Them that Torah Passed At
The Cross, and the parousia occurred
Fulfillment of Transfiguration– passing
of Torah-- Was Still Future When Peter
WHAT THE SCOFFERS WERE DENYING
The Scoffers Were Denying The Parousia
(2 Peter 3:3f),
The Transfiguration Was A Vision Of
What The Scoffers Were Denying
If The Transfiguration Was A Vision Of
What They Were Denying, And If The
Transfiguration Was A Vision Of The
Passing Of “Moses And The Prophets”
Then The Scoffers Were Denying The
Passing Of “Moses And The Prophets!”
TRANSFIGURATION AND PAROUSIA
Transfiguration Was A Vision Of The
Day Of The Lord Of 2 Peter 3.
Scoffers Denying What Peter Saw
The Transfiguration Was A Vision Of The
End Of Moses And The Law
Therefore, Peter’s Day Of The Lord Of 2
Peter 3, Was The End Of Moses And The
Scoffers Were Not Denying The Passing
Of Physical Heaven And Earth. 24
TRANSFIGURATION AND THE MILLENNIUM
Transfiguration was a vision of the fulfillment of the
second coming of 2 Peter 3—what was being denied
by the scoffers.
2 Peter 3 was a prediction of the coming of New
Heavens and Earth.
The New Heavens and Earth come at the end of the
But, the Transfiguration (a vision of the fulfillment of
the second coming of 2 Peter 3) was a vision of the
end of the Old Covenant (Moses and the Prophets).
The New Heavens and Earth come at the end of the
Millennium (Revelation 20-21).
Therefore, the end of the Old Covenant (Moses and
the Prophets) comes at the end of the millennium 25
A.D. 70 AND TRANSFIGURATION
It was the vindicative judgment coming of
Christ (Mt. 23-24)
It was the coming of the kingdom (cf. Rv.
It was within the time frame (Mt. 16:28).
It was the passing of the law and the prophets
(Luke 21:22/Mt. 5:17-18)
It was the time of Christ‘s wedding
The transfiguration definitively
defines the parousia of Christ as
his coming to destroy the Old
Covenant world in AD 70 26
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
Purpose of 2 Peter: To defend parousia
Transfiguration final defense and
definition of parousia
Transfiguration vision in no way
resembles traditional definition of
Transfiguration a vision of the passing
of ―law and prophets‖
Only one event fits—A.D. 70!! 27