NEWSLETTER FOR CUSTOMERS OF KONGSBERG MARITIME
Publisher: Kongsberg Maritime
Editor: Hydroacoustics Division
Tel.: +47 33034100
Fax: +47 33034384
PAGE 2 C & C Technologies acquires
FEMME user conference third HUGIN AUV
Visit from Royal C & C Technologies, Inc. of Lafayette, Louisiana, USA has contracted
Australian Navy Kongsberg Maritime to supply a HUGIN 3000 Autonomous Underwater
PAGE 4 Vehicle (AUV), for delivery April 2005. This will be the third HUGIN in
C&Cʼs AUV fleet. The order comes just 3 months after C&C Technolo-
Hydrographic survey gies, Inc. placed an order for a HUGIN 4500 (4500 meter depth rating), for
system on ‘Palmyra’ delivery later this year.
The HUGIN 3000 AUV is rated to 3000-meters water depth, is slightly
Deepwater operation longer than it predecessors and is powered by the Kongsberg Maritime
of BOP from HiPAP aluminum oxygen fuel cell battery, which provides a mission endurance
PAGE 6 of more than 50 hours before resurfacing. The vehicle will feature an
enhanced survey sensor suite, basically consisting of:
• Multibeam echo sounder
• Side scan sonar 26 - 29
• Sub-bottom profiler
• Conductivity, April 2005
temperature depth system
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER PAGE 2 MARS 2005
EM 710 in dry-dock should hydrographers
wish to deploy the EM 710 on a
Canadian Hydrographic Service, different platform.
leaders in Hydrography with EM 710 About the system:
• The EM 710 to CHS is the first
of its type in North America.
• Broad-band, composite
ceramic transducers produce up
to 400 soundings per swath and
two swaths per ping at frequen-
cies of 70 to 100kHz.
• Operational ranges from 3 m to
more than 1000 m. (2000 m with
• Coverage is 5,5 times water depth.
• Swath coverage of up to 140
degrees with at least 5,5 times
water depth even in shallow water.
• Shallow water pulse length of
0.15 ms is used, for deeper waters
0.5 and 2 ms, and for very deep
waters FM chirps of up to 100 ms
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada duration are available.
• Stabilized for roll (up to 15
The Canadian Coast Guard Ship potential by installing an upgraded degrees), pitch (up to 10 degrees),
ʻMatthewʼwill be sounding with a 0.5 x 1 degree transducer array. and also for yaw or heading
new EM 710, IHO SP 44 Special This means that the sounder can deviation from nominal course
Order capable multibeam sounder be converted to a 0.5 x 1 degree (up to 10 degrees).
when the 2005 survey season begins. system at the Hydrographic • Focused on both transmit and
Serviceʼs discretion without the receive to maintain angular
Kongsberg Maritime agreed to need to modify the transducers. resolution at shallow water depths.
provide a 2x2 degree EM 710 • Accuracy as specified by RMS
system as part of a Joint Project To add versatility to the system, the deviation 5 cm or 0.2% of depth
Agreement (JPA) between Kongsberg transducer array will be mounted (mean over the swath, whichever
Maritime, Brooke Ocean Technolo- in a diver removable and service- is largest).
gies and CHS. In February 2005, able gondolas which will eliminate • Depth resolution 1.
CHS chose to increase the systemʼs the need to place CCGS ʻMatthewʼ • Sampling rate is more than 25
pings per second, depth permitting
Kongsberg Maritime Ltd. - Rental open day
Kongsberg Maritime Ltd in Ab- More rental information and our
erdeen held an open day to enable rental catalogue are available through
Rental companies to view the latest our web. Visit www.km.kongsberg.
products available. Demonstrations com and select Rental.
were given on the new “Shorty”
MPTs, HAIN, Navlab, Transponder Available products
Serial Interface, SIS controller • Subsea acoustic positioning
software, Neptune and digital subsea • Echosounding
camera. All the Aberdeen based • Swathe bathymetry
rental companies attended and • GPS positioning All the Aberdeen based rental
agreed it was extremely informative • Oceanographic instrumentation companies attended
and should be made an annual event. • Underwater cameras
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER PAGE 3 MARS 2005
Short history of the FEMME user conference
FEMME conference in 2003
Kongsberg Maritime (then Simrad)
delivered its first multibeam echo
sounder system, the EM 100, in 1986.
In 1988 it was decided to establish a
forum for EM echo sounder system
users; the FEMME conference. The
FEMME is the Forum for EM Mu-
tual Experience. The first FEMME
was arranged in Bergen in 1989 FEMME conference in 1990
with approx. 20 participants.
Canada with approx. 155
The FEMME 2005 in Dublin is participants Opal that was approaching the coast!
the 10th FEMME. We have seen 1 – 4 April 2003 in Cadiz, Spain All FEMME participants (except
over the years since 1989 how the with 140 participants. one) were taken by bus up country,
FEMME has developed in terms of and put in a temporary hotel until
number of participants, number of Each FEMME has provided us with it was possible to return to Biloxi
papers, quality of the papers, etc.As lots of stories, but the most dra- again. Hurricane Opal hit the coast
you can see from this list, the num- matic one must have been in 1995 some miles east of Biloxi, and
ber of delegates has risen drastically in Biloxi. Everybody had checked we could return to the conference
since the first FEMME in Bergen into the hotel and gone to bed for hotel, and the conference could
in 1989: the night, then suddenly all guests start. We shouldnʼt be bothered by
in the hotel were alarmed and told such extreme weather in Dublin, but
Dec 1990 in Southampton, UK that the hotel was in the process of weʼre sure youʼll return home with
with 28 participants being evacuated, due to hurricane some stories to tell!
17 – 18 March 1992 in Horten,
Norway with 35 participants
15 – 17 September 1993 in Paris, More orders for EM 3002
France with 52 participants Simrad BV has received an order for three EM 3002 multibeams from the
5 – 6 October 1995 in Biloxi, US dredging company Jan de Nul in Belgium. This is the 2nd order for three
with approx. 110 participants multibeams from the company. They now have six EM 3002 and 2 EM
25 – 26 April 1997 in Monaco 3000 systems. Some of these systems will be used in very cold environ-
with 80 participants ments. The systems will use top end software such as Windows based SIS
1 – 4 June 1999 in Oslo, Norway controller software and the acquisition software QINCy. Delivery of the
with 101 participants EM 3002 systems is at the end of February and beginning of March.
25 – 26 January 2001 in Victoria,
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER PAGE 4 MARS 2005
Visit from Royal Australian Navy
designed for Mine Warfare opera-
tions. Their visit in Norway started
with a short stop in Horten and
continued with a demonstration of
HUGIN 1000 outside Bergen. The
demonstration was carried out by
ʻHMS Karmøyʼ from The Royal
Norwegian Navy, Mine Warfare
Flotilla. ʻHMS Karmøyʼ is the only
navy vessel in the world with an op-
erational UUV like HUGIN 1000.
The demonstration was a success
and Cdr. Wesley Heron RAN
stated; “We havenʼt seen anything
like this UUV operation and we
are greatly impressed by the profes-
sionalism demonstrated by the crew
onboard ʻHMS Karmøyʼ ”.
Kongsberg Maritimeʼs Horten site ogy Organisationʼ (DSTO). The RAN is looking into its future
received a delegation from ʻThe three visitors were on a worldwide needs of Mine Warfare Capabili-
Royal Australian Navyʼ (RAN) and trip to monitor the present situa- ties and most likely UUVs will be a
ʻThe Defence Science and Technol- tion within UUVs (AUV), specially part of that concept.
Geoconsult buys second inertial
navigation system – HAIN
sultʼs Business Development Man-
ager Arvid Pettersen reports that the
impressive experience with the first
system made the investment decision
easy for this second system.
The HAIN combines the Acoustic
and Inertial positioning principles;
which is ideal since they have
complementary qualities. Acoustic
positioning is characterized by rela-
tively high and evenly distributed
noise and no drift in the position,
whilst inertial positioning has very
low short-term noise and relatively
large drift in the position over time.
To satisfy the positioning require- at the Ormen Lange field, which is
ments from Hydro on the Ormen one of the worldʼs harshest deepwa- The HAIN Subsea system solution
Lange gas field, Geoconsult AS has ter seabed environments. In a gas is used for providing underwater
bought its second Hydroacoustic production area with an extensive vehicles with three times improved
Aided Inertial Navigation system amount of seabed transport pipes, acoustic position accuracy and
(HAIN). Hydro has demanding re- HAIN is a vital tool for improving will also provide a higher position
quirements for accurate positioning underwater positioning. Geocon- update rate.
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER PAGE 5 MARS 2005
Hydrographic survey system on
ʻPalmyraʼ is a 60-feet aluminium
vessel based on the model ECO 60
SC multipurpose workboats from
OCEA. This range covers seven
models of sizes 60ʼ to 145ʼ for
bathymetric, hydrographic, oceano-
graphic or buoy laying purposes.
The principle of these vessels is to
offer a modular platform, with a
great transversal stability and broad
abilities, i.e. to carry labs containers
on the aft deck.
ʻPalmyraʼ will be based in the port of
Lattakie in the Mediterranean Sea.
ʻPalmyraʼ is the latest hydrographic The spacious hydrographic room is
boat delivered by the French ship- equipped with an EM 1002 Mul- The hydrographic survey system on
yard OCEA for the General Direc- tibeam Sounding system including board will allow GDP to carry out
torate of Ports (GDP) in Syria. Operator Station Software (SIS), the following missions:
MRU-5 Motion Reference Unit,
KONGSBERG MARITIME was Kongsberg bathymetric post-process- • Survey of the main harbour entrances
awarded the contract with the ing software, and an EA 400 38/200 • Coastal survey and mapping of
shipyard for the supply and instal- kHz Singlebeam Echosounder. the EEZ
lation of an integrated hydrographic The equipment also includes a DGPS • Current proﬁling
survey system on board. position system and a currentmeter. • Water sampling
Kongsberg Maritime strengthens
its presence in Houston
more expertise in the USA on HPR operations. HiPAP enables huge cost
and HIPAP acoustic positioning sys- savings with the use of LBL, Mul-
tems. This extra activity in the North- tiUser LBL and SSBL. It can also
American market has increased the be equipped with a Hydro Acoustic
need to work closer with our cus- Inertial Navigation system; HAIN
tomers in order to provide improved Subsea, which can improve short
service and day-to-day contact. baseline positioning of an ROV with
up to three times the accuracy
As Kongsberg Maritime sees a • ROV/AUV can be positioned
growth in the subsea construction from the surface in any direction
Arnt-Helge Olsen is arriving Hous- market the extra presence in Hous- from vertical to surface with
ton in April, and will stay there for a ton can offer technical solutions and range up to 3000 meters (10 000
period of 2 years. He has a wealth of assistance during planning of opera- ft) with very high accuracy.
experience with acoustic positioning tions, training of personnel and also • Multi User LBL made simple,
systems, gained from working for start-up assistance once the job gets easy to use and cost effective.
more than 8 years as a Chief Navi- going. • LBL that can be switched into
gator and more than 4 years with high accuracy mode (2cm) with
Kongsberg Maritime specializing Unique Kongsberg Maritime tech- huge cost savings on projects.
on underwater instrumentation. The nology makes possible the HiPAP, • Powerfull easy to use portable
demand for more accuracy and reli- which is a market leader in acoustic acoustic systems for vessels of
ability in acoustic systems calls for positioning, making it ideal for ROV opportunity.
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER PAGE 6 MARS 2005
ACOUSTIC BOP CONTROL
Deepwater operation of BOP from HiPAP
- Battery operated portable surface
- Subsea transducers
- Dunking transducer
- BOP simulator for testing and
- Software for operating the BOP
control system from HiPAP MMI.
Previously, Kongsberg Maritime
has delivered several BOP control
systems with 3000 meter speci-
fication, but these have been LF
(Low Frequency) system to
secure the long range. The ACS
Deepwater Frontier is the first system. The new ACS, named 433 intalled on board a vessel with
vessel to install the 3000 meter MF ACS 433 replaces an existing BOP HiPAP fulfils Petrobrasʼ require-
(Medium Frequency) Acoustic control system delivered by another ment regarding communication to
Control System (ACS). In fact, the manufacturer. ACS 433 will, in an the BOP is by using hull-mounted
request to Kongsberg Maritime emergency situation, control and transducers.
from Transocean for an ACS for monitor the operation of six BOP The system was delivered in May
BOP that could be operated from valves via an acoustic control link. 2004 and installed on the rig in
the HiPAP transducer down to September. Installation was carried
3000 meters of water depth, A complete delivery consists of: out by the Kongsberg Maritime
initiated the development of the - Redundant subsea control system Brazil office in Macaé
Byron Bank the Sorrel Rock. Cabo Blanco cape corded a plateau structure sampled-
is a tombolo where one of these with gravel on top of it. The terrace
vulcanitic outcrops induced the is composed of the Miocene marine
diffraction of waves, and caused deposits and the gravel is related
the pattern of beach-ridge systems to the ancient coastline deposits
formed during Pleistocene when sea of Pleistocene age. Mean depth in
levels were higher than today. this section of the survey area was
about 90 m.
In April 2004 the ﬁrst Argentine
multibeam survey took place in the In the center of the image, a signiﬁ-
area to the north of Byron Bank. cant depression with steep walls of
The R/V Cap. Oca Balda, operated about 16 m, and covered by mud
by the National Institute of Fisher- represents one of the tectonic ponds
Adrián Madirolas (National Institute ies Research (INIDEP), employed characteristic of the Patagonian
for Fisheries Research, Hydroacus- an EM 1002 multibeam echo- emerged morphology. The detailed
tics section) Federico Isla (National sounder in cooperation with the bathymetry performed by this
University of Mar del Plata, Coastal ﬁshing company Glaciar Pesquera equipment distinguished small-
Geology Department S.A. The survey aimed to produce scaled gorges associated to turbid-
detailed bottom bathymetry and ity. Two rocks (assumed to be of Ju-
This part of the coast of Patagonia backscattering information of the rassic vulcanitic origin) can also be
is composed of cliffs of marine area. The underwater topographic seen on the left corner of the image,
deposits of Miocene age (Patago- image obtained conﬁrmed the inducing comet marks produced by
nian formation). Jurassic rocks can existence of a northern extension of the signiﬁcant tidal currents (from
also be distinguished as needles these relationships at depths of 30-0 ESE to WNW), also characteristic
that come close to the sea level, e.g. m. The multibeam echosounder re- of the Patagonian inner shelf.
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER PAGE 7 MARS 2005
A new modular version in the Methodology - Update
The HiPAP 450 system has the HiPAP 500 with the unique and
same operational and technical advanced spherical transducer. It
performance as the HiPAP 350 has the same amount of elements
system, but it can be upgraded to as the HiPAP 500, but only the
full HiPAP 500 performance at 46 lower sector elements of
any time. the sphere are “activated” and
in use. These elements are all
The new system is available at a computer-controlled. Kongsberg Maritime conducted an
very competitive price enabling Acoustic Positioning Methodology
the buyer to save cost until the The HiPAP 450 uses medium- Forum in Paris on 26th January
requirement of the top level of narrow “listening” beams of 2005. Project managers, engineers
underwater positioning arises. +/-7,5 degrees for reception of & surveyors from a range of oil
operators, marine contractors,
signals from the transponder(s).
engineering and design companies,
Except for shortage of 6 of For the interrogation of the attended the event, which was held
the advanced 32 channel transponder(s) a wide beam is at the Novotel Paris La Défense.
Transmitter / Receiver Boards used. The operating area below
and Software, the HiPAP 450 the vessel is 120 degrees, as the The focus of the event was a
system conﬁguration is identical HiPAP 350 system. The typical technology update on the HiPAP®
to the HiPAP 500. maximum operating range is acoustic positioning system. Under
3000m, as for the HiPAP 350 discussion were the capabilities of
This means that the HiPAP 450 system. the system and its innovative option,
transducer is the same unit as the the Hydro-acoustic Aided Inertial
Navigation system (HAIN). HAIN
offers operators the opportunity to
maximise subsea positioning per-
formance, particularly on deepwater
Recent system development results,
related to HAIN operations by cus-
tomers, were shared and discussed,
accompanied with demonstrations
of the different systems, including
the new modular multi-function
Guests found the forum provided an
excellent opportunity to discuss &
add feedback to the possible meth-
odology related to the use of these
systems. The event strengthened
the working relationship between
manufacturer & customer which is
so vital to the focused development
of Kongsberg Maritime systems.