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SUBSEA newsletter
Publisher: Kongsberg Maritime
Editor: Hydroacoustics Division
Tel.: +47 33034100
Fax: +47 33034384


Canadian Hydrographic
PAGE 2                            C & C Technologies acquires
FEMME user conference             third HUGIN AUV

Visit from Royal                  C & C Technologies, Inc. of Lafayette, Louisiana, USA has contracted
Australian Navy                   Kongsberg Maritime to supply a HUGIN 3000 Autonomous Underwater
PAGE 4                            Vehicle (AUV), for delivery April 2005. This will be the third HUGIN in
                                  C&Cʼs AUV fleet. The order comes just 3 months after C&C Technolo-
Hydrographic survey               gies, Inc. placed an order for a HUGIN 4500 (4500 meter depth rating), for
system on ‘Palmyra’               delivery later this year.
                                  The HUGIN 3000 AUV is rated to 3000-meters water depth, is slightly
Deepwater operation               longer than it predecessors and is powered by the Kongsberg Maritime
of BOP from HiPAP                 aluminum oxygen fuel cell battery, which provides a mission endurance
PAGE 6                            of more than 50 hours before resurfacing. The vehicle will feature an
                                  enhanced survey sensor suite, basically consisting of:

                                  • Multibeam echo sounder
                                  • Side scan sonar                                        26 - 29
                                  • Sub-bottom profiler
                                  • Conductivity,                                        April 2005
                                    temperature depth system
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER                                  PAGE 2                                              MARS 2005

 EM 710                                                                           in dry-dock should hydrographers
                                                                                  wish to deploy the EM 710 on a
Canadian Hydrographic Service,                                                    different platform.

leaders in Hydrography with EM 710                                                About the system:
                                                                                  • The EM 710 to CHS is the first
                                                                                    of its type in North America.
                                                                                  • Broad-band, composite
                                                                                    ceramic transducers produce up
                                                                                    to 400 soundings per swath and
                                                                                    two swaths per ping at frequen-
                                                                                    cies of 70 to 100kHz.
                                                                                  • Operational ranges from 3 m to
                                                                                    more than 1000 m. (2000 m with
                                                                                    FM sweep)
                                                                                  • Coverage is 5,5 times water depth.
                                                                                  • Swath coverage of up to 140
                                                                                    degrees with at least 5,5 times
                                                                                    water depth even in shallow water.
                                                                                  • Shallow water pulse length of
                                                                                    0.15 ms is used, for deeper waters
                                                                                    0.5 and 2 ms, and for very deep
                                                                                    waters FM chirps of up to 100 ms
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada                                                        duration are available.
                                                                                  • Stabilized for roll (up to 15
The Canadian Coast Guard Ship            potential by installing an upgraded        degrees), pitch (up to 10 degrees),
ʻMatthewʼwill be sounding with a         0.5 x 1 degree transducer array.           and also for yaw or heading
new EM 710, IHO SP 44 Special            This means that the sounder can            deviation from nominal course
Order capable multibeam sounder          be converted to a 0.5 x 1 degree           (up to 10 degrees).
when the 2005 survey season begins.      system at the Hydrographic               • Focused on both transmit and
                                         Serviceʼs discretion without the           receive to maintain angular
Kongsberg Maritime agreed to             need to modify the transducers.            resolution at shallow water depths.
provide a 2x2 degree EM 710                                                       • Accuracy as specified by RMS
system as part of a Joint Project        To add versatility to the system, the      deviation 5 cm or 0.2% of depth
Agreement (JPA) between Kongsberg        transducer array will be mounted           (mean over the swath, whichever
Maritime, Brooke Ocean Technolo-         in a diver removable and service-          is largest).
gies and CHS. In February 2005,          able gondolas which will eliminate       • Depth resolution 1.
CHS chose to increase the systemʼs       the need to place CCGS ʻMatthewʼ         • Sampling rate is more than 25
                                                                                    pings per second, depth permitting

  Kongsberg Maritime Ltd. - Rental open day
  Kongsberg Maritime Ltd in Ab-          More rental information and our
  erdeen held an open day to enable      rental catalogue are available through
  Rental companies to view the latest    our web. Visit
  products available. Demonstrations     com and select Rental.
  were given on the new “Shorty”
  MPTs, HAIN, Navlab, Transponder        Available products
  Serial Interface, SIS controller       • Subsea acoustic positioning
  software, Neptune and digital subsea   • Echosounding
  camera. All the Aberdeen based         • Swathe bathymetry
  rental companies attended and          • GPS positioning                        All the Aberdeen based rental
  agreed it was extremely informative    • Oceanographic instrumentation          companies attended
  and should be made an annual event.    • Underwater cameras
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER                                  PAGE 3                                          MARS 2005


Short history of the FEMME user conference

FEMME conference in 2003

Kongsberg Maritime (then Simrad)
delivered its first multibeam echo
sounder system, the EM 100, in 1986.

In 1988 it was decided to establish a
forum for EM echo sounder system
users; the FEMME conference. The
FEMME is the Forum for EM Mu-
tual Experience. The first FEMME
was arranged in Bergen in 1989           FEMME conference in 1990
with approx. 20 participants.
                                         Canada with approx. 155
The FEMME 2005 in Dublin is              participants                           Opal that was approaching the coast!
the 10th FEMME. We have seen             1 – 4 April 2003 in Cadiz, Spain       All FEMME participants (except
over the years since 1989 how the        with 140 participants.                 one) were taken by bus up country,
FEMME has developed in terms of                                                 and put in a temporary hotel until
number of participants, number of        Each FEMME has provided us with        it was possible to return to Biloxi
papers, quality of the papers, etc.As    lots of stories, but the most dra-     again. Hurricane Opal hit the coast
you can see from this list, the num-     matic one must have been in 1995       some miles east of Biloxi, and
ber of delegates has risen drastically   in Biloxi. Everybody had checked       we could return to the conference
since the first FEMME in Bergen          into the hotel and gone to bed for     hotel, and the conference could
in 1989:                                 the night, then suddenly all guests    start. We shouldnʼt be bothered by
                                         in the hotel were alarmed and told     such extreme weather in Dublin, but
Dec 1990 in Southampton, UK              that the hotel was in the process of   weʼre sure youʼll return home with
with 28 participants                     being evacuated, due to hurricane      some stories to tell!
17 – 18 March 1992 in Horten,
Norway with 35 participants
15 – 17 September 1993 in Paris,          More orders for EM 3002
France with 52 participants               Simrad BV has received an order for three EM 3002 multibeams from the
5 – 6 October 1995 in Biloxi, US          dredging company Jan de Nul in Belgium. This is the 2nd order for three
with approx. 110 participants             multibeams from the company. They now have six EM 3002 and 2 EM
25 – 26 April 1997 in Monaco              3000 systems. Some of these systems will be used in very cold environ-
with 80 participants                      ments. The systems will use top end software such as Windows based SIS
1 – 4 June 1999 in Oslo, Norway           controller software and the acquisition software QINCy. Delivery of the
with 101 participants                     EM 3002 systems is at the end of February and beginning of March.
25 – 26 January 2001 in Victoria,
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER                              PAGE 4                                           MARS 2005

 HUGIN 1000

Visit from Royal Australian Navy
                                                                            designed for Mine Warfare opera-
                                                                            tions. Their visit in Norway started
                                                                            with a short stop in Horten and
                                                                            continued with a demonstration of
                                                                            HUGIN 1000 outside Bergen. The
                                                                            demonstration was carried out by
                                                                            ʻHMS Karmøyʼ from The Royal
                                                                            Norwegian Navy, Mine Warfare
                                                                            Flotilla. ʻHMS Karmøyʼ is the only
                                                                            navy vessel in the world with an op-
                                                                            erational UUV like HUGIN 1000.
                                                                            The demonstration was a success
                                                                            and Cdr. Wesley Heron RAN
                                                                            stated; “We havenʼt seen anything
                                                                            like this UUV operation and we
                                                                            are greatly impressed by the profes-
                                                                            sionalism demonstrated by the crew
                                                                            onboard ʻHMS Karmøyʼ ”.
Kongsberg Maritimeʼs Horten site      ogy Organisationʼ (DSTO). The         RAN is looking into its future
received a delegation from ʻThe       three visitors were on a worldwide    needs of Mine Warfare Capabili-
Royal Australian Navyʼ (RAN) and      trip to monitor the present situa-    ties and most likely UUVs will be a
ʻThe Defence Science and Technol-     tion within UUVs (AUV), specially     part of that concept.


Geoconsult buys second inertial
navigation system – HAIN
                                                                            sultʼs Business Development Man-
                                                                            ager Arvid Pettersen reports that the
                                                                            impressive experience with the first
                                                                            system made the investment decision
                                                                            easy for this second system.

                                                                            The HAIN combines the Acoustic
                                                                            and Inertial positioning principles;
                                                                            which is ideal since they have
                                                                            complementary qualities. Acoustic
                                                                            positioning is characterized by rela-
                                                                            tively high and evenly distributed
                                                                            noise and no drift in the position,
                                                                            whilst inertial positioning has very
                                                                            low short-term noise and relatively
                                                                            large drift in the position over time.
To satisfy the positioning require-   at the Ormen Lange field, which is
ments from Hydro on the Ormen         one of the worldʼs harshest deepwa-   The HAIN Subsea system solution
Lange gas field, Geoconsult AS has    ter seabed environments. In a gas     is used for providing underwater
bought its second Hydroacoustic       production area with an extensive     vehicles with three times improved
Aided Inertial Navigation system      amount of seabed transport pipes,     acoustic position accuracy and
(HAIN). Hydro has demanding re-       HAIN is a vital tool for improving    will also provide a higher position
quirements for accurate positioning   underwater positioning. Geocon-       update rate.
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER                                    PAGE 5                                              MARS 2005

Hydrographic survey system on
                                                                                    ʻPalmyraʼ is a 60-feet aluminium
                                                                                    vessel based on the model ECO 60
                                                                                    SC multipurpose workboats from
                                                                                    OCEA. This range covers seven
                                                                                    models of sizes 60ʼ to 145ʼ for
                                                                                    bathymetric, hydrographic, oceano-
                                                                                    graphic or buoy laying purposes.

                                                                                    The principle of these vessels is to
                                                                                    offer a modular platform, with a
                                                                                    great transversal stability and broad
                                                                                    abilities, i.e. to carry labs containers
                                                                                    on the aft deck.
                                                                                    ʻPalmyraʼ will be based in the port of
                                                                                    Lattakie in the Mediterranean Sea.
ʻPalmyraʼ is the latest hydrographic      The spacious hydrographic room is
boat delivered by the French ship-        equipped with an EM 1002 Mul-             The hydrographic survey system on
yard OCEA for the General Direc-          tibeam Sounding system including          board will allow GDP to carry out
torate of Ports (GDP) in Syria.           Operator Station Software (SIS),          the following missions:
                                          MRU-5 Motion Reference Unit,
KONGSBERG MARITIME was                    Kongsberg bathymetric post-process-       • Survey of the main harbour entrances
awarded the contract with the             ing software, and an EA 400 38/200        • Coastal survey and mapping of
shipyard for the supply and instal-       kHz Singlebeam Echosounder.                 the EEZ
lation of an integrated hydrographic      The equipment also includes a DGPS        • Current profiling
survey system on board.                   position system and a currentmeter.       • Water sampling

Kongsberg Maritime strengthens
its presence in Houston
                                          more expertise in the USA on HPR          operations. HiPAP enables huge cost
                                          and HIPAP acoustic positioning sys-       savings with the use of LBL, Mul-
                                          tems. This extra activity in the North-   tiUser LBL and SSBL. It can also
                                          American market has increased the         be equipped with a Hydro Acoustic
                                          need to work closer with our cus-         Inertial Navigation system; HAIN
                                          tomers in order to provide improved       Subsea, which can improve short
                                          service and day-to-day contact.           baseline positioning of an ROV with
                                                                                    up to three times the accuracy
                                          As Kongsberg Maritime sees a              • ROV/AUV can be positioned
                                          growth in the subsea construction            from the surface in any direction
Arnt-Helge Olsen is arriving Hous-        market the extra presence in Hous-           from vertical to surface with
ton in April, and will stay there for a   ton can offer technical solutions and        range up to 3000 meters (10 000
period of 2 years. He has a wealth of     assistance during planning of opera-         ft) with very high accuracy.
experience with acoustic positioning      tions, training of personnel and also     • Multi User LBL made simple,
systems, gained from working for          start-up assistance once the job gets        easy to use and cost effective.
more than 8 years as a Chief Navi-        going.                                    • LBL that can be switched into
gator and more than 4 years with                                                       high accuracy mode (2cm) with
Kongsberg Maritime specializing           Unique Kongsberg Maritime tech-              huge cost savings on projects.
on underwater instrumentation. The        nology makes possible the HiPAP,          • Powerfull easy to use portable
demand for more accuracy and reli-        which is a market leader in acoustic         acoustic systems for vessels of
ability in acoustic systems calls for     positioning, making it ideal for ROV         opportunity.
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER                                  PAGE 6                                           MARS 2005


Deepwater operation of BOP from HiPAP
                                                                                 - Battery operated portable surface
                                                                                   control transceiver
                                                                                 - Subsea transducers
                                                                                 - Dunking transducer
                                                                                 - BOP simulator for testing and
                                                                                 - Software for operating the BOP
                                                                                   control system from HiPAP MMI.

                                                                                 Previously, Kongsberg Maritime
                                                                                 has delivered several BOP control
                                                                                 systems with 3000 meter speci-
                                                                                 fication, but these have been LF
                                                                                 (Low Frequency) system to
                                                                                 secure the long range. The ACS
Deepwater Frontier is the first          system. The new ACS, named              433 intalled on board a vessel with
vessel to install the 3000 meter MF      ACS 433 replaces an existing BOP        HiPAP fulfils Petrobrasʼ require-
(Medium Frequency) Acoustic              control system delivered by another     ment regarding communication to
Control System (ACS). In fact, the       manufacturer. ACS 433 will, in an       the BOP is by using hull-mounted
request to Kongsberg Maritime            emergency situation, control and        transducers.
from Transocean for an ACS for           monitor the operation of six BOP        The system was delivered in May
BOP that could be operated from          valves via an acoustic control link.    2004 and installed on the rig in
the HiPAP transducer down to                                                     September. Installation was carried
3000 meters of water depth,              A complete delivery consists of:        out by the Kongsberg Maritime
initiated the development of the         - Redundant subsea control system       Brazil office in Macaé

Byron Bank                               the Sorrel Rock. Cabo Blanco cape       corded a plateau structure sampled-
                                         is a tombolo where one of these         with gravel on top of it. The terrace
                                         vulcanitic outcrops induced the         is composed of the Miocene marine
                                         diffraction of waves, and caused        deposits and the gravel is related
                                         the pattern of beach-ridge systems      to the ancient coastline deposits
                                         formed during Pleistocene when sea      of Pleistocene age. Mean depth in
                                         levels were higher than today.          this section of the survey area was
                                                                                 about 90 m.
                                         In April 2004 the first Argentine
                                         multibeam survey took place in the      In the center of the image, a signifi-
                                         area to the north of Byron Bank.        cant depression with steep walls of
                                         The R/V Cap. Oca Balda, operated        about 16 m, and covered by mud
                                         by the National Institute of Fisher-    represents one of the tectonic ponds
Adrián Madirolas (National Institute     ies Research (INIDEP), employed         characteristic of the Patagonian
for Fisheries Research, Hydroacus-       an EM 1002 multibeam echo-              emerged morphology. The detailed
tics section) Federico Isla (National    sounder in cooperation with the         bathymetry performed by this
University of Mar del Plata, Coastal     fishing company Glaciar Pesquera         equipment distinguished small-
Geology Department                       S.A. The survey aimed to produce        scaled gorges associated to turbid-
                                         detailed bottom bathymetry and          ity. Two rocks (assumed to be of Ju-
This part of the coast of Patagonia      backscattering information of the       rassic vulcanitic origin) can also be
is composed of cliffs of marine          area. The underwater topographic        seen on the left corner of the image,
deposits of Miocene age (Patago-         image obtained confirmed the             inducing comet marks produced by
nian formation). Jurassic rocks can      existence of a northern extension of    the significant tidal currents (from
also be distinguished as needles         these relationships at depths of 30-0   ESE to WNW), also characteristic
that come close to the sea level, e.g.   m. The multibeam echosounder re-        of the Patagonian inner shelf.
THE SUBSEA NEWSLETTER                             PAGE 7                                         MARS 2005

 HIPAP 450
                                                                         Acoustic Positioning
A new modular version in the                                             Methodology - Update
HiPAP family
The HiPAP 450 system has the         HiPAP 500 with the unique and
same operational and technical       advanced spherical transducer. It
performance as the HiPAP 350         has the same amount of elements
system, but it can be upgraded to    as the HiPAP 500, but only the
full HiPAP 500 performance at        46 lower sector elements of
any time.                            the sphere are “activated” and
                                     in use. These elements are all
The new system is available at a     computer-controlled.                Kongsberg Maritime conducted an
very competitive price enabling                                          Acoustic Positioning Methodology
the buyer to save cost until the     The HiPAP 450 uses medium-          Forum in Paris on 26th January
requirement of the top level of      narrow “listening” beams of         2005. Project managers, engineers
underwater positioning arises.       +/-7,5 degrees for reception of     & surveyors from a range of oil
                                                                         operators, marine contractors,
                                     signals from the transponder(s).
                                                                         engineering and design companies,
Except for shortage of 6 of          For the interrogation of the        attended the event, which was held
the advanced 32 channel              transponder(s) a wide beam is       at the Novotel Paris La Défense.
Transmitter / Receiver Boards        used. The operating area below
and Software, the HiPAP 450          the vessel is 120 degrees, as the   The focus of the event was a
system configuration is identical     HiPAP 350 system. The typical       technology update on the HiPAP®
to the HiPAP 500.                    maximum operating range is          acoustic positioning system. Under
                                     3000m, as for the HiPAP 350         discussion were the capabilities of
This means that the HiPAP 450        system.                             the system and its innovative option,
transducer is the same unit as the                                       the Hydro-acoustic Aided Inertial
                                                                         Navigation system (HAIN). HAIN
                                                                         offers operators the opportunity to
                                                                         maximise subsea positioning per-
                                                                         formance, particularly on deepwater

                                                                         Recent system development results,
                                                                         related to HAIN operations by cus-
                                                                         tomers, were shared and discussed,
                                                                         accompanied with demonstrations
                                                                         of the different systems, including
                                                                         the new modular multi-function
                                                                         MPT transponder.

                                                                         Guests found the forum provided an
                                                                         excellent opportunity to discuss &
                                                                         add feedback to the possible meth-
                                                                         odology related to the use of these
                                                                         systems. The event strengthened
                                                                         the working relationship between
                                                                         manufacturer & customer which is
                                                                         so vital to the focused development
                                                                         of Kongsberg Maritime systems.

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