Obesity And Cardiomyopathy

Document Sample
Obesity And Cardiomyopathy Powered By Docstoc
					Obesity And Cardiomyopathy

Obesity can lead to many types of heart disease. The largest branch of
the heart disease tree is called cardiomyopathy. In its simplest of
meanings, it is the disease of the heart muscle - cardio refers to heart,
myo refers to muscle, and pathy refers to disease. The heart muscle
swells and does not work the way it should.

Primary cardiomyopathy does not have a specific root; it could be the
cumulative effects of various causes such as drinking alcohol, smoking,
high blood pressure, bad eating habits, or valve defects. Secondary
cardiomyopathy does have specific causes, such as previously mentioned.

There are 2 main types of cardiomyopathy: Intrinsic and extrinsic.
Intrinsic means that the causes come from within the heart muscle itself;
whereas extrinsic means the causes come from outside the heart muscle.

Intrinsic cardiomyopathy has four branches. An inflamed left ventricle
that stops pumping blood properly is known as dilated cardiomyopathy.
There is a genetic disorder that affects the thickness of the heart
muscle which in turn affects the pumping of the blood. This is called
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. When the right ventricle is affected by an
electrical interruption that causes the muscle to turn in to scar tissue,
it is called Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Restrictive
cardiomyopathy is when the walls of the heart become stiff and it cannot
fill with blood the way it should.

Extrinsic cardiomyopathy can be divided into five branches. People that
abuse alcohol can develop a thinning of the heart muscle resulting in the
reduced efficiency of pumped blood known as alcoholic cardiomyopathy.
Ischemic cardiomyopathy is when the sufferer has a history of congenital
heart disease, angina, heart attacks, high blood pressure which is the
result of the walls of the heart’s arteries thickening and almost closing
off. Continued and uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause what is
called hypertensive cardiomyopathy. Valvular cardiomyopathy is when there
is something wrong with one of the heart’s valves, usually the mitral
valve. Inflammatory cardiomyopathy is an inflammation of the heart itself
as well as the surrounding tissue.

Cardiomyopathy is a serious heart condition that can be recognized by the
following symptoms: feeling tired all the time, becoming breathless after
light physical activity, not being able to do as much physically as you
used to, swelling of the hands, feet, legs and sometimes stomach area,
lightheadedness, chest pain, and fluttering of the heart (also known as
arrhythmia). If you suffer from any of these symptoms, it is extremely
important for you to seek out your doctor’s advice. They can recommend
specific tests that can firmly diagnose whether you have cardiomyopathy
or not.

Treatment can include changes to your lifestyle. Knowing is half the
battle in this case. Once you know you have cardiomyopathy, then you can
take steps to start eating right, exercising properly, reducing stress,
sleeping properly, not smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption. There
are also medications that can help in light to moderate cases. In severe
cases, surgery is often the only answer. In the most extreme cases, a
full heart transplant may be necessary.

Shared By:
Description: Weight Loss
Digi Tran Digi Tran All For You
About Free Style