White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences through Work in Women’s Studies ABOUT THE NATIONAL WOMEN'S STUDIES ASSOCIATION NWSA MISSION The National Women's Studies Association leads the field of women’s studies in educational and social transformation. ABOUT NWSA Established in 1977, NWSA is a professional organization dedicated to leading the field of women's studies and gender studies, as well as its teaching, learning, research, and service wherever they be found. Our members actively pursue a just world in which all persons can develop to their fullest potential – one free from ideologies, structures, or systems of privilege that oppress or exploit some for the advantage of others. In support of their work, we believe: Women's studies is vital to education; Women’s studies is comparative, global, intersectional, and interdisciplinary; Scholarship, activism, and teaching are inseparable elements of a single whole. We are further committed to a vision of education and scholarship that includes: Faculty, students, centers, other campus organizations, and community scholars; Creating the space for an exchange of regional, national, and international scholars; and Critical reflection and dialogue among community organizations on the social meaning and use in women's and gender studies broadly conceived. We serve our members through publications convening professional development activities supporting scholarship that transforms knowledge of women and puts that knowledge into practice As such, we lead the field of women’s studies/gender studies in social and educational transformation. Women’s Studies Concentration The Women’s Studies Concentration seeks To provide concentrators with an understanding of the interdisciplinary scholarship on women, gender, and sexuality and to train them in interdisciplinary methods. To offer theoretical and practical approaches to feminist thinking cross the disciplines. To encourage comparative thinking through coursework that explores the multicultural and global nature of feminist scholarship. To train concentrators to think analytically by teaching them to read and write critically. To provide supporting skills and contexts for the study of women through the cognate requirement. To encourage intellectual and academic breadth through a cognate requirement. Concentration (Major) Requirements University of Michigan Concentration Program. 33 credits, distributed as follows (of these credits, 27 must be at the 300 level or above): 1. Courses in Women’s Studies: Concentrators must complete areas A through E below. A. Feminist Theory B. Courses in Thematic areas. At least one course from each of four areas must be taken. Only one course may count in two areas. If such a course is double-counted, an additional elective must be chosen to reach the required 33 credits. 1. LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer) and Sexuality Studies offers an interdisciplinary approach to sexuality in light of religious beliefs, legal codes, medical constructions and social movements, and recognizes these as historically variable and culturally specific. It acquaints students with the history of sexuality and contributions made by feminist and queer theory to understanding the formation of sexual identities. 2. Gender, Race and Ethnicity in the U.S. examines the intersection of gender, race, and ethnicity in order to consider differences among women and men, as well as the impact of multiple categories of identity on experience and on the formation and contestation of gender itself. Interracial and interethnic relations, the mutual influence of social movements, and racialized genders are also explored. Although the U.S. is the primary focus, consideration of various diasporas encourages analysis of the links between communities across national borders. 3. Gender, Culture, and Representation explores ways in which meanings about women and gender are produced through cultural images, artifacts, and performances. It positions students as readers, viewers, and interpreters of culture, as well as creators of it, especially in the domains of literature, the visual and performing arts, mass media (including film), and their histories. Courses introduce students to feminist analyses of culture and encourage them to consider processes of viewing, writing, and producing knowledge. 4. Gender in a Global Context offers a comparative cross-cultural perspective on the construction and meaning of gender, race, class, and sexuality. It examines current forces of globalization and empire, the histories of imperialism and colonialism, and postcolonial resistance and theory. Courses decenter the U.S. while placing it in a geopolitical context, including global feminisms. C. Practice Course. One course chosen from: WS 350 Women and the Community WS 420 Group Facilitation in Women’s Studies WS 425 Feminist Practice of Oral History WS 485/Psych 485 Gender, Mentoring, and Technology Soc 389 Project Community, Gender and Sexuality sections (including SAFE House, It's Great to Be A Girl, Planned Parenthood, Working with the LGBTQ Community.) D. Women’s Studies Electives. At least six Women's Studies credits (normally two courses). E. Senior Capstone Seminar. Womenstd 440 Issues and Controversies in the New Scholarship on Women (offered winter term only.) Key Points: The reluctance of males and whites to recognize that they have special unearned privileges which give them advantages is examined the article concludes with an extensive list of everyday, taken-for-granted, white privileges. Males and whites are taught not to recognize their privileges; they can admit that others are underprivileged, but can't see the corollary to this. Denial of male over-privilege is seen in a variety of arguments males make against changing the academic curriculum to reduce male centrality and dominance. Author lists 46 special privileges she (and other whites) take for granted daily - privileges not enjoyed by nonwhites. Do you experience any of these privileges?