237 by wulinqing

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 34

									                        il\ 1~ .f'J             *~                        iJ; ~ 't!
                                           .~           71z.             ~*


                                                ~                   E1
            ~,      S
                                                                        ~"~il** 

                .. 1U~B'9Y*~tt-rtl~Jm~3llli                        ..   11j~B'9~it1~-~~ 

                .. 1U~1't9*VJ:tt-~~~                                        .. ~fit .. 

                    - .. *~~*


           4: '\        iJI        -:?;­
                                    iT
                                                               ~~~'~~~~~~~~'1iJ~~~
                                                               ~~~~*~.'W~~1*~~.~~
     r.u 1*~ IT 1&~ IDh'fltR:fE: ~ T                           /G1iJ~~~~~~*3j.                      ,   .N:;;;!,1I1"tJUllq...,....


Affi 1:. T #131[:;1]     (~~t1])     tA51'                     51~1*~.~~~~~~~~~~ma
.~.~~.~~~.fi~~m.~m                                             'N@AA~~M~~~ft~~IT~~~
 (*xmm~~*n)                   '~M~~~OO                         • '       ~13H~t±H\HUi~~~~~                                   0


0.~-~~OO.fl~~~.~.~~
~~1i1f~fl{g         0


     ~U{1rJ1*~*~i&Ji*[!tt!*~~*rm
                                                                              ~      '\ *                         ~~
~~~*h1*L~~~'~¥~~~~                                                       1*~iJlM~      ,     -~f§f~~~
                                                                                                CRec­
 (deduzieren) ~{t1m (reduzieren) tJ                            htsquellen; the sources of law) , ~-
~J!ti1JQT.nfi            (induzieren) , ~~ft                   M~~~M~~~~~o*~.§~~
~.fE:1*m.~.L~~~'1*$tt$                                         /GIRJ ' A. Ross             1N.Ef!~!EOC7i'-~=:;fjlM~!f
~~£ii~~lJt, :l4:~H%':~~\~mjft1nt~                              :-'~A~1*~m.~.L~.~'
~~,~$~~~~.'~~'~~'                                              -'~A~~~                     •• L~H~~~'=
      ~ tll{t   '   -tPJllt~~rr/G~~~Il~             ,          ,   ~A~1*~ftflJ~L~;{:lt11l                              0     P. Liver
W1*~~~~~~~--tA~~~~                                             5J-Ztj:Mz~~~ ~.!¥JmM~         (Erken­
~--~~~t!~~~~~~W~~/G                                            ntnisquellen) , 1*1-=ft%JiZ~iJlM~ (Er­
1iJ@1e,T    0                                                  zeugungsquellen) 5fn1*~11 m~iJlM ~ C
      ~J{7!H~:/G~        , ~~JJ!~JJ!~JiZ~-                     Wertungsquellen) 2 , ~::::;fj~.~~

     *                                 , mffmlii!&ffl*~~fft~*~mHt;Ij~3SZ                        0

    1) A. Ross, Theorie der Rechtsquellen 1929, S. 291, ~3llli13 Luhmann .in Konig
       re~~ , 1973, S. 387.
    2) P. Liver, J.&~~~3t~~: Privatrechtliche Abhandlungen, 1972, S. 33.

                                                    -179
                                                                     ~~%~iitl:*~*~*~~,n~.~
o	                                                                   Jf.'~ ,  (Natur cler Sache)
       ~$E:~WF::¥Gl¥Jm-*                            ' ~~~1i::1lt                                             r~~J l¥Ji*$1J:{ffi13t~~
                    ,
1E.1Ei*JJ.fri¥U~fJE*~
ffi**IDt*~B/GnX:F~~ ,                                                ~&          40


~l¥JWF~'~~*~~~¥T'~~l¥J                                                          ~J:=M~~l¥Ji*.7tJJIJ1)Et!1ilIJ5t:
,    ~r:lJItft~lj'tm41      3    ,                                        'w... ·,c<r1TN" ,....,.,.. ="- ,    i*$ff ~ft ~ TIff t"lJ.   '
-W~'~i*l¥Ji*$~.'~~M~~ 	                                              3f ~ Uilt;mz~~~i*f~q:tl¥Jt!. '
,    ±j;fu~:IDt~        , :l&.~l¥JJVJ~!lfFJf.~#;:~                   JJll~E:~i*&}~                           (clogmatische Rechts­
ti~'W-mmJi:~~ ~             0   '1'__'''--'''''''                    wissenschaft) 9=t~ffll¥Jm!mfi..~--­
i*.'~~~~i*~~®WF~'~*~                                                 :mt!m$11%:Jt~1J!¥J*.~i*.o Liver
mMi*j:~~/J\         0                                                ~~.1£-.~~~~ml¥Ji*.~~ffl
       A:;9z'4i1lliitl:irl¥Ji*t¥t%~P9~f9T                                          ri*tt~~m~J:l¥J~.J 5                             ,


~~~~~'~~r~*~§J '~k 
                                                 f9T~11;)?ff1l¥J~1J                        (juristische Geltung)
i*$%nX:l¥J~.'~.Al¥J~.'M~                                             1£Mgml¥J~~n%~l¥J~1J:~~~ 

~    •• l¥J.m,*~,~.~, ••m                                            ~m$11l¥J~~--~i*~ff~~~~~ 

     ,n$Yf.1£l¥J~~::f;tP;M'~~'                                        A~6                                                   l¥Jm.~~
~,~.~~~~,iitl:ir'~~~~l~~                                              ~1J'/G~~                                           ~~~~~,
                                                                      -m/f~~~/G~ffili*$3!lI.~l¥J
i*~'                                                   '~M~           J                 0   ~~t.mfril¥J~1JV#l.                 '
k~~                                                 ?lI'L"""'=____    .oE:~~~l¥Ji*.~~~OOxm1E~
m~~fl*~~i*$l¥J%nX:'~i*~iitl:                                          ~H~mg,~~±~t!m-.,a~
1W~l¥J~~m1£O                                                          ~t!m-.,mt!m-.,~~.~m
       ~=~!i~l¥J~.~~~i*~1~W.ti                                        JJU~$mi*@:f.tm1E                                 ' ~~~~i* '
l¥J1l-OO : ~Q Raclbruch ~7f-l¥J=1l!:±~                                                                                        (~~)         0


1l-003i~ (Werticleen )-lE~'                                     §                1f!~~.~~l¥JWt~l¥Jff1£'
l¥J~'i*$~k~~-.~~l¥J.~~                                                -ftfiilitA~*                                 0     1£   1885
      3) tm~~~~ r*~~itlJ~J                                           r~tilR~J 'fflm~It~D~~~!'tIj~~~l:S'9~
           ~   ,   ~m55:q::t±t~      , _'4'",;",-~ ""
      4)   .lttm~!lli.m;!t1i~~S'9IE~~ (Dikaologie)              , zp.~S'9IE~ (iustitia commu­
          tativa) ~~~~, 5H~ES'9IE~ (iustitia distributiva) ~~1}~ , W~nl: Thomas
          von Auqin fflfrn3't:S'9-liBtS'9IE~ (iustitia legalis) ~~jjtl:1l:ll.~ 0
      5) Liver, WJ~5c' S. 38 0
      6) 	~~S'9mf!iifHt~rp'i1 (das Adressatenproblem) ~:tm* (v. Jhering) J;;JJ~~M1~~~
           ~~ , flffirfij~~aJMt:)~~~fmA~~tJ~ , flffirPJ~fift.fffS'9Jti]~;g~g;;f,f7WhTvj5'iJ'9
           WZ!IZ-~¥J1.fJ€P1:I-S'9A::h~ml1iS'9tJf;. ,;ttWfllf!f® U. Kruger ~ Der Adressat des
           Rechtsgebers 19690

                                                               -180­
Andreas Heusler             :tE{ill!¥J r              f.l. i*             ~ A~fr:$ ~J;J! llfg{{tmHtI!* ?
~~J-.u~m.~m.~~~~.                                                         .'W~;f] 7JU ~       Afffiiitt•• f(£1¥] r1jH@J~.
  7   0   ~rmli!JfJMn9SWlH!~l:!¥Jrmm'                 ,                            R=:{+~?) **f(~~1RJ                          ' m:fi!~\f
~l!ffifa~~~RTij(~~mHfJfJJlH~-                          ,                  ~WJ-M~~~~W~~~~~~~~
~~~~.!¥J~.rmij(~.~.$!¥J~                                                               tKl?;:t'"a~l:E.     :   ~~%~1fj:k!¥J

  , :=tJI ~ ~;f]re%~!¥Ji*itj:k~ tit:$                                     .~i* •• m*~~@~:tE~mB**
ftm.~~.rm~i*.~~~-#~.                                                      ~l:~~~mW~                                     ~'WAR
rtJ 'laiffjft~!¥J5j-1t (differentiation)                                  ;f]:tE~~~~~~m~~~~~*~~
 , i* lli !7 ~lJtt;P 5Z. ~-PJ ~~ ,                                       ~ , ill. Mm.~*::t-JlIEil7* (legiti­
%llff~~~~-ti!6N11¥]~fi~~T                     0                          mate) :fF:tE 8 IZSllft, 7Ct:lf,.~rj:61;;:0.'iH"C,;..l
                                                                                              0



                                                                         i*7*.~~!¥J~~~,ft •• ~-~~
'i*~jft~~'i*it~~%~5j-.m~
ni*~'~*~~~AA-~'i*~rt~                                                     $~~~:&1l~~r:p                    ,    oc=~W";""' ......... 

~~~!¥J~~~~~~T~~~~!¥Jw                                                              o

  o   retf=f~$!~~m~!¥Ji*ltDQtJ                                 r                   N. Luhmann tit1*$mtifr~ (~P!J
t~~1tJ mnfJ\7j!fJ:Ei*~~!¥J:tI3&                       ' R=:              ~1R=:i*$~ffifa)           I¥]~f:lit~*~.
-m~~!¥J~~ , ~f1;ft~~~J\t~                                                ~~I¥]HillP~ff:tE          '   ffl{ill~R:*~~                         (
 (7*~%nX:!¥Jw!~) :f@ (i*$1JH~                                            Systemtheorie) fFT~Iffil¥]titf¥:                                ri*
!¥Jvm~) ~;f]fffl1Ei*Wt            (sub sidia)                            .moo~~.~:tEa••• ®M.~.
~tt,                          ,m-~,m-a                                    $!rfl*6F         (Entscheidunngsfindung)
~T=~~~~~~±~(~~~~£                                                        ;f]~~W •• J              ;    r~~~~nX:~~!¥J
~±~--i*$%nX:!¥Jvm~)!¥Ji*~:t13
                                                                         -~7*~J~r         '   ~~{Ii;f]~$-1iltI¥J1~ffl]
                                                                                              ~-----.........       


          , IF'[fill.J}I:;*Iffi~:m1t T!¥J7*.                                   (Reduktion) ~g              ,   !RJ~~~T fE~
                                                                                                               ---..                     ­
                                                                                                                         ;
                                                                                                                           -
fE1i7*ffifaJ::f~'~~~T                         0                          ~~~~m*~~~zJJ                                          r~~7*
                                              ojt~                       $.*!¥J:fF.ti;f].~iitt*.m.~.
tt_~~!¥J~~rJ]~ (r70~l:J8!~~                                                       , ill. f!! ~ '3l: tE tB~IHlrg~j:k ~ rJI
/"~1~'~          'frij(~~~A~fr~!¥J                                       ~!¥JfU5tTtJ1I1IJ,ll1t~~ , ~~~
m.~~~~U*?)~~.i*.~7*                                                      ~~~W~To                           'i*$!¥J~~.*
~~.(MWm~~~.~7*~ •• ?                                                     ~jft*~~$~~Z~~re~:tE ••                                          w.
              3t~1L7*'                 'frij(~~                          ~~*.~.~.~l:~~m~T'i*
  7) Liver, mrJ&:3t ' S. 32 0
  8)~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~'M~~~~M~illOO~~~~~~~~~~
      .ffiW~1JUI~jJIJ   '   im!Rl~i7IJ=f~~19      '    tm~~~                                       61if44:Rtff '               reff~
      l*~~~5t~J»(;:3t*:fU~J»(;:3tf~ ,                                                                                              5.1*
      ~ 6.~U1:k:~j 7.m~      9.;9H~1*                      '   Rf:jgf;£~~~~~~~:t::*m                   ;   7:J9f-tm~IJ \3                r
      i*~~~J       '              , 66if '   44:R~1'               ' 2J}\[qJ   0



                                                                   181­
$~~~.~~~.~~.ft •• ~~                                              illm$rJj~Jt~1f.M~~$x1~~
.M~        •• 'W~.@~ •• *~~u                                ~~$.~±~~~~M-~~~~~
Anderndes) ~{JJ~1f~;'{~ (Geltendes)                          °tE~~~!Hm~~'~~~1f~V'
W.,~~*~.~~~~~~ft.~                                          EE ftlBiE ~ fE ~$ 0 rirJ$ J~attw1t~rW.


       ,
               '
~~~~~m•• '~nT~~.ffi±
~~m.

.~
                \l:l./I~;ffl'~D"t··mlf.P'fJ~J!i:4=1-~,llt

           ~pfit~~Nf            '   ~~~~U~Ji;tk
                                                               ~1ffi : r~:Eri*~ illlj , /F~*ljm=J '
                                                            WEE.~~~~Wd~m~~$~~,
                                                            W~~~$~1tIj~              0   'L~!¥A"J.A,"'~II

~M%m~~~.~'~~*~ ••ffi                                        1f-A    Portalis i:P..~ , 1l§1nf~5l::~~:7t:1f
~,~.re~~.~~~M                            ••~~~              ~W'~~~~~~~'~WB~~'
mrr1f~#Ht
;fO~~f!;;!J~
o
                m.  '   Wffd:.~M,*, §
                        {l ftt[ i:P.. ~ ~ s)£ fJ /F1'19 J
                                                            ~~i:P..~1f;m~~&~t.;f.ttl1,
                                                            tEfim~~,~~~~~fta*~~.
                                                            ~o                                  £~m~~~
                                                                                                             l!SlJlt



      ~z       ' ffE~~~~(ffl~&~;fU~~~                       •• %~'~$M~~EEft~.H.~
~~'B~~~Tm~~*~~~~~                                            ,~~~~ft.~~~m.'~.ffE~
Jfrl:fr~_.@~10              0   i\RttJ.~ur*~~               ~%~~~*~'ffEffi~~~~.~&
~~     ,   ~W'f~~~!H-~wr~J~,~                  0            ~:ef~~~~~'~.~i\~~°tE«

      !b '\ *IJ ~ a"j               *   }~ ,[1.­            *-~~~~ , ~*~*nIt1lf.~fr~
                                                            ~¥*~~: r~~~1R'~z~'~~
                                                                                             '~~~*MfIl


                PP':9!~:i!
                                                            ~1R'~ZfgJ(1f&Hm) , r~7!~Il1Z~ ,
      ~tl~~:ef~~~-.                      ?   ~~    , :(ft   ~.*IZfg,~~~Z~ , ~~~ZfgJ
~~*~~~~.~A1f~$~*~(                                            (*mKl) 'W             r~1l§-   , .~z!ii~ ,
Verbindlichkeit) ~Jl.1f~~(Geltung)                          ~z1R'1rJ#WWz1R' Efft£1lfi:P..J
~m$i1      ?                        '   tE-~~$~             Kl)     ,3§UT~lJ3~1e:.r~~X~L~J~~
~~W~*'*~~~ffE~$~~~fi                                        J;I;~   , J;J, ~ rf~ ~~tI~ ~ -nJJ               ( 5l::r;a
~m~l1 '~illMrJj~1fml' &Jl:~1R'                              7$;itlf7'ljfJJ)   0   1V\1¥~')!;EiE~lJtE
jj-Jf*~~~1r:i§~ (Rechtsfortbi­                              ~5C:Aitbf,clt~~rfifi'f            (J ustinianus)
ldung) ~:&i;1i%IJ1r~t1rJj~                     ,   Jt~      jj1j]~ltj~~1ir ~        (corpus iuris civilis)
OOill~OO~~:ef~~&~'~~~~OO                                    ~~~*~~~~'*A~~~.~.
~OO~~7~~,m~~~-OO~7~                                          , ~71§~~I¥HflQwr~~~{'Fi${i(1ff+
~~~.~~~~~'~/F~~~~~                                          ~;+A'n~~z~'~A~~~~
-OO~'~*~~.M                         ••       (~~)      0    ~fJ     '         17911f-3flJ~m-f~~ll:~'g

     9) Luhmann 1W~3C' S. 3901 f.
    10) Luhmann 1W~3C' S. 388
    11) Kriele  Recht und praktische Vernunft, 1979, S. 71 ff.

                                                      -182­
~tE{iiJ~il       ' 1~)(4§r~-~:fL=f{~t¥J~            ~~     ..   ~~~Hfffl±:tl~~z     0

.±~~A.~~#~.)(~.~~.                                  EJ3"~rJ1
Mm_'A~ •• ~~W.~m~~*                                       ~-R;!¥J~m~*,l~*l:P, U 1llIj~~
rkz        (~{7U~47f~)      ,tEfnJ~~!J:Jf~~             (Gesetz) ~11>t/3    0   ~~!¥J~Ij~R~t
            J!~~~~tf~~flj1c{ftl (~{ftl~ 6 f~        *~~~~~.'~~hR~~~~'M
)   12 0
                                                    *A'~1n~~~~~~B9jt~~~~
       ~W'~~T~itr~'*'                               tEfnJro*ho~~B9~~~~~~~~
U.,~~~~.~~.**t¥J~.~                                 ~!¥J~~'*.~.~~~~~~-.
&@!~~~{j£ , ~::if r~Jt:JfOOJ                '.it    ~-~~~~~~~*~~~~~.~
~mmB9=5t~J1,IJ~~*IJt~*~~~1j                         ~~u~m~~~~fi~~~'~=~
~~-~.~&,~~~~:~~~~=@                                 ~-*m~~IJ~~tWf~.7IJ1f~~!¥J~
mL~~~m~~.,                               ~~~        ho£*~~:fL~~.~-                           ~~
tt!~~ 4§r ,     :;tjt:Jf lig fgJl1r 1n =::ifZ ia~                          , I R~~1)t 1t1J
W~.=:.~~~           (mixead jurisdictions)              (Gesetz)J (~~m~~~-{~~~#
    oT~~*~ft~~~= •• m~.t¥J                          ~~*li~~fflffi~t¥J~~) 'M~*
W.~~~~H'8@.~fia~B9 •                                •   ~~~t¥Jm~~~:Jf~:~~~~1
Jfjo                                                ~1IJ1j~~~~$         (Gesetz und Recht)
                                                    !¥Jro*J       ,1)tW~#:Jf~~~*~!¥Jro
     -Jt '\ J'J
               jr~
                   * a~ *      $J.t- ,ti­           *~~~'M~~o~W8~JI~~.~
                                                    ~1I*'t$-m:Jf~~o
                                                                  , ifl~~~1{{Jt~~1Wdlf!¥J.
                                                           ,    ~#~~hlri~~~~~EEW1S
               -'::k.~$k*
                                                    M~~'~~~#~&~~$~~.~
      tJHfft¥J~ ~:       r~~IJ#(~/f#({7IJJ          M~ttlLfU ,tt~~.;S&!IIj~~$15              ,
(non exemplis sed legibus iudicandum                .~~~~:Jf~W~*~L~#H1)t~
est.) ?£ 6fP,;f§'M~tl:f:iJ! 5tfic~lJtoog~           $!¥J.;s&~=m5t.ft!¥J.~~~t16 ,~
~~$~~~'.~~$.5~m~z                                               ":fL~-t.*m~'.::ifR~:m
rEljB~It7.K T:Jf/J'\!¥J~m        0   U T {f!~~          5~H~ ~#~ a1!J ft Wi!lH¥1 !¥J~*'E ~~J '
~~~'W~~~~~~~~~.h!¥J                                 ~~~.~!¥J • •~~#R~M~~B9

    12)~!JiI     Rehfeldt/Rehbinder, Einfuhrung in die Rechtswissenschaft, 1973, Kap.
           310
    13)    Engisch ~ Einfuhrung in das juristische Denken, 7 Auff., 1977, S. 43 fr.
    14)    Baumann ~ EinfUhrung in die Rechtswissenschaft, 1967, S. 437.
    15)    R. Fischer ~ Die Weiterbildung des Rechts durch die Rechtsprechung, 1971.
    16)    7I~~~iElt=!<~!J~q:r~j!-~l¥ilm~$th~m ' ~U BVerfGE 20,162 (219); 25, 167
           (181); 34, 269 (286 fr.)

                                              -183­
tfv*17   'tEifflJJE~z~~1JQJ:                            )(.JEr~ • • •~z~-,.~.~
 ,~*~®ft~~B~~~~OO~OO7                                   -~%~~Z~~~'~~~El3~~k
              o #JllJE~}~®1!-mnX:)(~              ,     zJ     'Mif.~~~-~~,~JIt,~~
~$jtlj}~~m1f~®i'nX:)(~18                  0   !2SlJlt
~~m~~m 1371~~ 1 ·...."/.>'u./"o-'v-.                    !¥.J1iHifItE:;:~J:1&~ 71RJ~®jfu{s'L22                0



!6Cijfiir~1flltE0~~             r ~IjIDt~fltJ (                if*1rJ: ITO ® *~ill!;~ 9t' RJ 1;1. ~ JU -ftE
Fortbildung des Rechts) ~{lEnX;                         ~~:.~1!~~®~B~$m~~~
ff:fE-J (einheitliche Rechtsprechung)19                 !:J~!6C~U1*~1f1tJ*1J®~~                       ,
; 1RJ~~121~~2~mJEr.Jj~~l!ft~7f1J                        ~®M~~.i'1r'~~~£*~~~
*~#tE~JE1W;ffY-ft{O~~~Afm                               5i ~®;I% Jt tUz. ~      'L.L. =r-v'l<..-I=:




~~~~~~~i'IRJEf]1ft~U '                                  ili~®~~o~~~~~~~%m~,
~~~ ,          136 ~*JiJEJ&~~l!ftijfiir~                ~~~»~Wi'~~~k~~.~.'
 (die GraBen Senate) %n::kf.911ir%k                (    it~ ~~tE       -oo:m ~~!J 1)(m ~ ~T.-·.l,,"··~
                                                                                      §J3
die Vereinigten GraBen Senate)                          ~~j 1*~{9!J fbli't.nX;.~2j$-~ l*JVJ ® ~
$~~*~~~~~~~~ir~~$~                                      IX '   -mi'~. r~$i'ygr)J~ttJ
!¥.J%=}Jfjtg~1t20   0   D~tEm~J.JU:ili~j'f              o~-n~'.Jt~**!J~IRJ~~~ili
~~~i'a~~~~~~!¥.Jrtfv*J                            '     ~tl®mJt~!fU 1* ®~~~t'!ff 1J
{§':;fi!:~~j!$!¥.J El El31liB::k~mt#Jlj       ,         W:J 0 	 ~JIt~~®~j!*}Jt~%tt 0
~~~*!Ji'ff;g~ilifi~l'ffilJ~~*~~97                                                            (Rechtsposit­
.~I~~.~~~.ft~1fm~.:                                     ivismus)     ®~~       , -aO Flume,
~~*~xnT~~~~®1!~~~i'                                     ®~~m~§~ft~~m'~~~7U
~IT~~ft~mm®~~'~~~m~                                     oo~~     ••a•• u~,.~.m1;1.~
$!¥.J1BtJlttfv*~~21         0         ,   ~*~           ~~$~rfa#(.~$m~mjj],
~n+1i.tE1968if.:lijlj7~~~                     ,         ~~ir~ft'WA.k~UMJt~am

  17) 	Maunz    ~
                Deutsches Staatsrecl:lt, 21 Aufl. 1977, S. 270 ; rmli1!i-l])i£?'* (Gesetz)
      ~~l**~{~Jfl'~'ffi/fmU~l*1tfft~~ffB!t!~    nt:itJ 0 	 ~~~*Q([ff?'*~=~ ,
                        +
      ~l*Q([ff~~ =~:& 1*11rl*tftHrl\ ~Jjitl3J3 3tm)i£~l,*J:f:lfutl )i£?'*iZ :/'If--!;IJ r ;)±;1*±r.l·~?;
      (Rechtsnorm) ,!Rt?~* ~ ~~1!f{&m r-mfJ!:m# J jJ~re*~mif(a~N:iillJJnitl])i£I¥J~%
      %tJ~ml*' m~~1900if.ft*1!f~JjJ[I, ,
      i1!!!
 IS) Schmidt/Bleibtreu/Klein ~~*i*Wf~ , 4- Aufl., Art. 20, Rn. 13a. 

 19) ~~ BGHZ 3, 30S. 

 20)             : r4t~~?'*ffilJBtlt~1iFf~J ,691E}lfi' 

 21)      BVerfGE 12, 67. 

 22) Baur        Weitnauer          , 19S0, S. 247-259 ~l:ln-§:~;~:;~"l'FI,r.·!fI'i 

 23) ~OO BVerfGE ~S, 224 (240f.) 


                                                  -184­
,t) , ~j~1Wd!1'F11t~~U~£~24             ;             -:fi1l?I!f'F m (Indizbedeutung) 31      ,

~~~fi~~~~m.~M~~WA~                                    .~~~o~~*M.I¥J~W'Mrul¥J
U:f.lI!t~-l¥JIEWWf1J:25 '&'-R::~t~lI~                 IElit~:(£T-*$Urk*fJ1TITI~t\l)~              ;
~11t~m.~*~l¥J~.-~~~~~                                     ,   Wf~~*~~:EH{t~~~:v:l¥J~I!t
      o                                               ~~~~~.~&'M~Sffi;..~ • •
r~~l¥Jmi1J27, Pl~t~ffl ~1j{7!Jl¥JjJ~           ,      l:-;f;f5~*1¥J~*~32        0


1J}.:>ffJ1~Jm11t rIE~*~J           '                          Jf$Ij~l¥J~.~t~~~mUlitl¥J~~
o   Engisch RWti~Jt~*l:%n~1lli~ffl             r      -;f;f Kriele, Fikentscher, Kruse       ~    33   0


                l¥JjJ~1fmJ2S, Larenz                  Kriele        iJj~1¥J    ~TITIl:%n
%11 Esser ~*l:~ffi;.~~lj~1f~*~ ,                      Larenz, Esser m~~~, ftl!ffi~IJHf~
:tk~~ r~~~J{!JJ 1¥J~*~~!)~:&.29                                   ftJ*~ J (Pdisumtive
                                                      Verbindlichkeit von Pdijudizien) ,
R~.~~~~.IE • • 'ffi~ffi;.~~                           ~~~ffi;..l¥J$.l:~~*~a~**
t,ic~~~l:!¥]~1t           (Rechtserkenntnis­           ' • •~E'fJ1~.r~~~~~.~
quellenY o 0 Larenz ~11t~$IE:utl¥J~                   *~
                                                      J 34
                                                                  ,   ~j{lj~w-~ , ~IEff~.{)t~fjT
                                                                             r1ft~~*~J 1¥J}ll~
)j(Uif,J;~:zp.~I¥J~*' Esser ffi;.~~~51                        0


~~ti~m~ml¥J~~~%n~*m~~                                 .~~~11t~~~.~~m**~IE~
    24) 	~~ Flume ~ Richter und Recht, 1967 ; :rJ51-~ft!!J~,~J~~89tm Diederichsen:tE
         Die Flucht des Gesetzgebers aus der politischen Verantwortung im Zivilrecht,
          1974                                                                       , S. 620
    25) ~?'!!~~89~t1£1\-tif.f~*WU;J:*51:jflt:W£~tit~jJ£~~l~~~~~lt:t~~fi89 ril&r&
                    (Politische Jurisprudenz)               Wietholter, Rasehorn, Wassermann,
         Ostermeyer
    26) 	Hattenhauer (@mtB~::t89~1r~ Richterrecht :tE~~l:,RM:mc~~~Et~ judge-
          made law                                                        r~VJj{J      ' J!U~~if-El.
         i3":tE Richterrecht              , ::t:ttMfll ZRP 1978, S. 85 0
    27) 	 ttll Engisch Htr.JIil ' Kap. 6. 7; Larenz, Methodenlehre der Rechtswissenschaft,
          4. Aufl. 1979, Kap. 5; Esser, Vorverstlindnis und Methodenwahl in der Recht­
         findung, 1972, Kap 7, 8; Zippelius, Einfuhrung in die Methodenlehre des
          Rechts, 1971, Kap. 3.
    2S) 	Engisch Htr~ , S. 1840
    29) Larenz Htr-m- ' S. 421fT, y... ' Schima              , 1969, S. 252 fT; Esser wH~' S. 184
          fT, y... ' F ritz von Hippel            , 1967, S. 95 fT.
    30) Larenz iltr~ , S. 424; Esser flIj-m ' S. 196, Fn. 16.
    31) Esser Htr~, S. 187 f.
    32) ~ Jauernig, Zivilprozef3recht, 19 Aufl. 1981, S. 27; Wolf, Gerichtliches
          Verfahrensrecht, 1978, S. 279.
    33) Kriele, Htr~, y..., Theorie der Rechtrgewinnung, 2 Aufl. 1976; Fikentscher,
           Methoden des Rechts Bd. IV, 1977, ZRV 1980, S. 161-174, Kruse, Das
          Richterrecht als Rechtsquelle des innerstaatlichen Rechts, 1971.
    34) Kriele,               Rechtsgewinnung, S. 326.

                                              -185­
I f'F '       mitEJ! ~1f 7*~66l¥J ¥f~ 5llt~ :                          Kriele       ?i'1:$    rft~t-fiJ*jJJ l¥J~tE
             l7*g¥d:l¥J~mt        .. 1f7*~IfiI~*,7*M                    : ~ .. ~1t~~¥*$UjUllj                        (~~#}

~~66Im%ffV8iW                '                               ~    ..   ~~      ..   ~~       ..   ~ ... mffl~~)

~l¥Jm~-.7*"7*$
~*,B.7*-S7*Mo.M~:a~~
                                        .. ~~ ..     §~~     =..       m~~.M~o~".~ ••~(
                                                             .&£~~~) o@"~lifE~~*~
                                                                                                                                0




~7*$1f7*S±~~~7*~~~S±?                                        ~~~~l¥J~m(~fE~~~~MW~
;ft1Mm~$t            :   1fJ7*M~U66             ..                      o .. ~7Y              (R1fit1ft::~1f~nRjJ
~~tE~l¥J~.~'W.~W~7*~$                                        l¥J~rJ?k-JE~51Jf]1f%Jtl¥JW.)                              38   0


{'F lliAfttk:~           0                                   *~~N~~7Y~W.~¥*¥l¥J~M.
ill~7*~W..               '   )t;~~lli1ffE~66         '        :*~fE~~~~tEfE¥IW.JL~
                 , *:ti~~1,*l!I!f;1iil
~ftfF'¥f~l¥Jtt*:fi~                                              rno""'·" .... -"'" '   ::{E~$.~L               ,   AfJ'[OC4"

~:II'~f4~UJ~~~*~iJY: ' EV*~.as                               -;S' -I;-+:;;f;..1;!i! :   ~j   f7rJ tEill m
~ ••~oillm= ••fE~~~ ••~                                      ~.!.p·LJJE:zr:'T'-:5"'I:I:I          '   ~1*ijjt
                                 35 0                        ~~1ftirr.jJ*'.tirr*jJ~~U, .~

            Kriele   J::JS ' ~jtk:!iil~&1ftirr*jJ            ¥*¥l¥J¥*~~.~~~~¥*$l¥J~¥W
  'M~JE~~n!t                                                       (scientia) ,              51E~.ffl~t1f1jm9f.~j

~.~L~'tirr*jJl¥Jm~.~~:II'n!t                                  ,~*~n!t1f.tirr.jJl¥J.m~.,~

3cl¥J!JUlIJ ' ~$A:II'm* ~~ ,                                 ~~l¥JM.:~.~~~~MW.W!
~&lMf~r'1!:              '   {'F$Mi/FWr~~            ,                 Fikentscher ~~.9!.l¥J !f*~
~:II'Wr~~'~~~l¥J~~ ....3c"                                   ~*,~~~ML'~~~~fil¥JfEMW
~f4.tf1:11'Wr5!~mJil                    '   ~~1eJI~J J:                   ~Jt~, ~ Kriele ~f*Al¥J1~ ill
m~~l¥Jm~"~,~n!t.~.L~l¥J                                      ~M~ ••• ~l¥J1f¥*.:II'~U.l¥J~
~~'~5A~MJ'~~.n!tm*m                                          1f'~A~~~~ft~l¥J1f~.'~9f.
~~~l¥J~~'$~~~mA~MJ'                                                     , ~:SY·5Z.~A.¥*1£ll ' :¥~~E1~
j(IjJHm.~~flm~~fjt.if                           ;                      13 ~~ J::Ji*ltft. ill:®t~~tE rfEZ
                                                                                                  0


~~l¥J*.~."~~~~*:II'.~m                                                                                               rM~iJ~i
~~l.\f7rJ     '   tf1/F~~~~!UJ36            0   fqj~ill.~~   ~=~mnl..J        (Fall-norm Lehre)                 0


.W~~~l¥JfEMm~~$1ffEl¥J1f~
~1fiI   '   ~jl:1f~:},~~37?

    35) Kriele Wi1*. Praktische Vernunft, S. 91.
    36) ibid. S. 93-95.
    37)         Kriele ~fifi1H'fm&~ft;~                                (prudentia; praktische Vernunft)

    38) ibid. S. 96-99.
    39) ibid. S. 102.
    40) ibid. S. 107 ff.

                                                         -186­
r!~*~         , ~l;I,~~l:]l!.~®r~J.iU                       ?
(Norm) WG         r~$m-1ijJ    (Rechtssatz)                        J!7 ~ Fikentscher   I¥Jglfij~   , :lGij§
;%~~       41 ,   Ufl~UR:~$:;ifJil¥J~m            'm       ~~~~r~®rM~~.J:tJ..o~
.~:;if~~~~~~~u~~m.,u                                       ®n~~~~~~I¥JM~lli~'~MM
1J~~ffJE!.~          Larenz   ~17tl   '       B~1N.        • • • ~~-M.al¥J.am:,mMm.
£~®~~.~~ffl~~®m.~M~                                        ~Jt r •••• J ,~~~~~~­
~~~"~&.®~~~~~~~~                                           Mml'lJij~1:t:>f r ~Wi J -~3.Kl¥Jm. (
dungsmaximen) 42 ,         ~~g~'g7F{E!.l'IJ U              sachgerecht) '~M~J..1£~~~Ij~U
tE~$)i~mUtf~~I¥Jam:rmliIj~m.             (                 .~:;if~~m~'BfiU.r~~J®
gesetzesimmanente Rechtsfortbildunng                       .~~~~*1:J'~~1:t:>fr~~J®
) , ~l'IJ U f!f~~$ 3c~%Il1L¥! g( I¥J                                (gleichgerecht)   'M.m.~*
*- HlJ ~ ~ am: (gesetzesiibersteigende                     ft~*.*.~~#*~~3c¥!,{E!.Jt
Rechtsfortbildung) , {9IJ 7i-EfJ~3?:~oc                    ~-kr~~J~~3c~~~lli*-­
i*$ (contra legem)43 , {E!.Jt~ J3.lM~lfij                   ~~f~3c~~ft~U:IG~fJf1Jq~~-,_ ~-Ilt.
~U r¥!~J .. rt.fiJ3R1:J J rJl~ , 1J!3Z..@l                  .B*~K~.~m.,~
                                                           .,..                                    +au
~.M.~¥!~®1L.'~~M~~%Il                                       l:~~A~~+=~U.~A~A~~
~tft~®~~ti      ' i!f~$Ij~®~~'l~l:.                         ~~~AM~~~~~Ur~M~~J
                                                                                         •••
                                                   0


Larenz ®:tJ.ruJt ' ~~fB~i'fJi\t®~                          --rmJt~~~~ • • ~*                         fi~
~~eW~3Rl'IJM'~~*1:J®RJt~
 ~

~~.m®~.M~'.~Jt~fi~~
                                          ­       -         1iOC7t~IfJiili:rm*
                                                            r~'-'~~J
                                                                                 (Fikentscher
                                                                       hermeneutische Nahrung)
                                                                                                   ~Z~


Y!~rt=tl~1JtUl3~® r~1itJ ~fi                  '   rm~       45 ,~JIt~~'it,~%, 1Ii1j~¥! .. ~.~

.~i!f'fiU • • -.¥!~~~JtM.                                   ~-~ffl~®¥!'g-~~(Richterrecht )
#JT~tmJt®r~-M          0   Fikentscher J'tili               ~ ~ ~~       ~~ .~® ~~ llf-~ (
M.~®.RJt:~~tmfi-M.~~                                        Wertungshilfen; Bestatigungshilfen) ,
~ftlli-.r~1itJ~.'m~.mM                                      ~~~~*'~~3R1:J®RJtrm~m
~~®¥!$m-1ij~Jt*~-.EfJ~@~                                    $fiJ   ,mm r{l!m.m.J       ® r -~tiJ
?~*~~~"~&~~*1:J'W.M                                         *m1£l;I,.~~*~-.l¥J.#-wm
~ ~%Il~ m¥!]lt:;if-.&irj:fiJ3R1:J p'~44                     ~¥!~®R.&~fJf~.7t®~J!'~

     41) Bockenforde ml:H '*ff!iltHm¥J~~m~Jt~1$-*JrlliH.iI~~ , $00 Fikentscher Htr
         ~3t ' S. 1650
     42) IE] J::itE
     43) Larenz Htr~3t ' S. 420.
     44) Fikentscher Htr~3t, S. 241.
     45) ibid. S. 197 ff.; £::;$:1: ' Fikentscher ffiJfIM~:mltlfijJ*',ftl~WSJ*~*tmi Julius Stone
         ffiJ1ii*~~~ ,         Stone, The Ratio of the Ratio Decidend i. 22 Modern Law
         Review (1959), 597.

                                                        187 ­
 r~+a*~.~~J~r~+a~~                                    Rechtsprechungl 8 ? ~~~~tE-tlf3m.!¥J
~~~J--~'B~~~*~roo*                                    ~$ (Gesetz)        z7i- ]i!~Fm~m!¥J~~
mitfr!J      0                                            (Recht)    ~~*,        Fikentscher          EI /f:BE
        ml;J, Fikentscher ~~~~:tE::        rim        ~~~~_~I!W~~~1tfm                            (overrule)
~re~*~            •• ~~.m~-A.*~                       ~~!¥J@~m.'ill-~~M~1n~~
~~*~~~~~~~,mM~~~~                                     ~~~~~'N~~~~~U.~~~
~~,mm~m~~*~,~~®re.                                    ~fF.Jr~~~EfJ ~)$~ (~~ *~1?
~   ••~.,~*m~*~~.~~.                                  Cardozo tIt~2jS-~ "pious fraud of fiction"
A~A.~#~fi.~m~m.~,m                                    )    '*~~W~,~~~~~~~~~
~R~rM*m.J~U~z,*~%                                     ~~PJ~l2YlI~~~~                       49 :

~~~~'Bmm~~*$.[*T­                                            1. ~*IJ~~milfrHwnX;~{Lf+% A~
iiI          ,~ Larenz j~~U~.1J~                r
-       46


~.ftJ~.~*~~,~~~~.m
                                                      !¥J~~' ~PJU@tt~~1n r*IJ~~J
                                                      Gesetz)   50   ®~J1!   '    **/F~~fj~!J#(
                                                                                                             (

~~m-.fi~~m.,~~m~A~                                    a9~*o
~*~To                                                        2.~*Ij~~m~t~nX:~{Lf:tE:~.fE
  Fikentscher            ~{i.~   Kriele   -~    ,     ~$.~,~~m~,.~.~,~~
~~~~OO~~$.~U~~~~~~                                    ffi(~mlM;t!t*:tE:~~j§!¥J~EfJ~~                     , Jtlj
M,~m~~~~mw-~~~~~m                                     ~m1ij~*}       :
*r~.Jz.'*~~~Tr~~J                                            a.1J1*~.~Ij~B9¥rJ*~                    , illtxl±l
~~*'~~~~~*~.~$~'~                                              :~rjrtt9[K2IH'F~~~~~                   , IZSlllt
&1fJllit-rm>J<jErtJ&~*~1J: 1W:-                :zp.            :tE:~1n   rlotJ            (Tatsachen)       ®
~--~.ffo~~~rt~*~~~~                                            ~~o
W~rt*.~~~rm.J~~®~'                                           b. • 1§~~U~7t~~B0 ' ~IJ~~\trk
 ~cr.~.~fi~.~~~W~~~                                            1l1Ij~\;(21j$. ' @[iX;T'i§~OO~
l!I!~    47 ,    m~ftl!-m&:waJ@:JuZjS~~~                       1*~#=u~J!m             '   !Z§LIt~~1n      rMf
~~*,             Fikentscher ~J;l;j;1.§~I!t~m1~                ~mffJ~$J (Recht) ®~~                         0

~~~I;.o                                                      3. ~~**.~~1X~JUtf:{ij1E*
        m~       , $:~   rZjS~J EfJfl81*m~w           m~PJ~~ffl~~~'PJU~j§~~,
~*~*~.~~~.ft1J~~~~~                                   ~~~OO~*'ill~~~*~~~1nM
fflr~J~mlfJ~31nf:lf!- (Erstarrung der                 ~~:fru~~m$1f89  (Fehlen             rMtmJ
  46) ibid. S. 241 ff.
  47) Esser ~ Grundsatz und Norm, 3 Aufl. 1974.
  48) 	Larenz lVH~'Ht ' s. 487.
  49) Fikentscher lW~it, S. 242 ff.
  50) 	 *~ r{rm~milfiJ ~~ , ~t!~!}t~R1!~~~jJwJ~~1*'§5§-i:t (Richterrecht)                           mrs '
        /fJU'lliLW~tmw: ' ibid. S. 319 , ~);trtJ.u/f~1iltE Gesetz Zrq             0




                                               -188­
von Gesetz und Recht)                                0                            rMtili[~{ml¥J!fl1i=il*il~~                 55 , J,UJB~~
         83,!LtPJ ~~s011f JE~E~~IJ~~FElJ                                          -"-/"-"f'O.""'" '   /Fi!rnr~J         0

 ,   ~fflztd>tF,¥-JL\rmB                             0   Fikentscher                      Fikentscher           Jj~UiR:1¥J "*'~if.jtt:·::.r;.
                                   Kriele         =~tlJl'h


               J
     -ml -""rc ~+Lf:l ~~~ llE. 'P.i'i:   ~   W'f .it lj!R          0       1ft    ~jf!     moo: - , ~ tm                     Larenz             ill
Fikentscher ffl~\llf~!j~{J1 fm~~1l'l                                              1¥J'~.ff-i*~~~~~~.~~ffi
~T~~1fr~*J                                                    ,~~                 -~~i*~~~W~*I¥JM~m~l¥J~
Larenz, Esser
T                                    r fi:,~"liw.f,z;,~ J
                                          -iJ)~,'tf-..~
                                                              '~r,\,'IH           * ' R~:{E~fj!:1:m~tflJl};m
                                                                                   ,   ~'§Jt~~ l*J]UUJ 1:WlWl ~1:~5Frl1RJ ~


1}~7*~jfu&               ' Till    Fikentscher                                    ~$_~~~~~.~/F~~~I¥J.M
ill~r~1r'~~U~1c17U~~=~TillB                                            0          *~        57 ,   m~ilu~.~ EI ~ji1f -:-k&IEe
         M~mfl1l¥Jl]Jl~tfijfl<Z~~~mIJJEl*                                         *5B,        ~!I:tt~!H~~~~~~tfijJ-t~UiR:j1~
 , mffl                            51 ,   &'~ffl~~ft~$                            ~1¥J~i*~/F~I¥J~'~I¥J~~~~&
                                                                                  7.\.~T       0       ,     Larenz   ~     Camaris      ~~
,
%~T~~~7*~*fm~I¥J~~'~                                                              ~!l:t1Zil?               Fikentscher                 : ret~
r:rJ~~JE~~U-JE~~I¥J~1ttl                                    52 ,   ~ill;.         ~~~        ~:(E'A*~MJE~~
~.'~~I~'fi~~'~AMJE~                                                               .&PJ~1:~'Till~~~I¥J.&/FPJU
~.JE~I¥J._*~~m~*I¥J~.H                                                            ?                ;.51:~m~~M5Frl~~m
         rr'tb-t:,'tf-.."'A ...p.,A/F~~Jm 54                  0    3?:~                                             , ~ friJi1l~~t~017U
Fikentscher ft!I:tl]Jl~l1iiil*-fr                             ~I!!!Y\.~                JCeLAI-I;J...L..Wl'   ? !I:t~=59 ,
~l*$~~uftm~~~I¥Jl]Jl~'~3?:                                                                     , ~!5tI¥J~1A*lJ&~/F~fgJi,l¥J
     51)       Larenz ~t!tt¥,                 S. 4790
     52) .tttm Fikentscher               Chiotellis ~.ffl)ti~jj:t!-m~~~:ifii%~~~~ rm*~J!
                ffJlj&ftg.~rm:rtlli.tt1W:rmmi8'!l:@.~ , Rechtsfolgenbestimmung bei Geschafts­
         grundlagenstOrungen in Schuldvertragen, 1981.
     53} Larenz t'JI,l!f:1lifu , mr ~~, S. 482.
                                                                               : BAG WM
         467 (Leitsatz 2); BAGE 12 278 (284f.); BAG DB 1967, 778; BFH BstBl. III
         1964, 578; BFH BstEl. :'.II 1958, 390; BFH BstBl. III 1959, 345 Leitsatz 3) ~ ,
         i5lfl Fikentscher,               ' S. 342 Fn. 142, 143.
               Fikentscher           Synepeik und eine synepeische Definition des Rechts, 1981.
     56) Larenz 11111&11' S. 481­
     57)                                         , 2:i~$l*~ffIJ~ffiJ1i+?j-~-                                      0


         m~ffO{9lHWj~ (Konflikt von Prajudizien) , :tt:~~'fffrt;!i*Tii:Yd**~iira:tt: 0
     59)       Fikentscher Hti.t.K\y , S. 170 f.

                                                                           -189
.Jlo                                                  ~'§~.RM7ft~ft~~I¥J~.o
      ~1SmM1          '   1lJ~~J1k~~i{11:rJj1m        &~A.n.~OO)C.~ffW~~.~
~~~mrr~m~~~~m~~w~.                                     j@1£1!-'F7;!f,:gt:c'#'\.    (arrets de reglement
L~~~~~~~~mz*'~~~~                                     )l¥J.~'~~.R~LW~ft~~~
o                                                      (La Cour de Cassation)                l¥J~U~-tl!.=1'

Z.'~fil                                               ~~*~.~~",            ~m'R~a     ••
      *~1~Hff ~ 1¥J)c~ Jit:;'r~{Y! ~~W]l              ~U1k3fUl~W~rt{7lJ (jurisprudence

~YA'n~~z~.~~±n~z~                                     constante) I¥J~.' ::t~~W~~tlt~
~~~~~~±~I¥J~m'*.~~~                                   WA~~.l¥J~&,-el¥J~~~&~
NlJ (Montesquieu) ~ l~rtJ (Esprit                     ~~~*n'*~~x~~~m~~~
des Lois, 1748)             *1!Ij~I¥J=::fI5}1LJJR     -3.&B~~$61           0



j.{1J-~~~1@rtl~Wf~)C*I¥J~7tP.                  '           m~~QJ.lt            ,   W~~1@r~~l¥Jmn It
~~&~%~~*n$W~*~.'~                                     Z~~~~m~~m~'~&~~~m
~r~1@r~~JI¥JW~~~~~.W~                                 .l¥Jrr~~ ••                  ' •• L~~~.B~
~$~~~o                         '~a~~~W~                            , m.~~mlh' Jtm~I*
~~.~~.'~~.~~I¥Ji{~*~                                  tt.y~£~I¥J~~~~~'~~~~
I±Hi~l¥Jmifffi ' 1800 if.1¥J~J&1jt~ (                 &~{j.~m,f#ij±m~%~I¥JW$'
Projet du Gouvemement) ~ +~~m                         ~m~7~~~~.fi~~~'±~1¥J
k:     1~.'~W$~~m~~'Wa                                ~~~~~&~~:fIrrAMM.M.~
.~    ••$*o •• ~,W.~~~~                                (1382 , 1383)               ~~I:B*I¥J~U{7IJ~63    ,
~'@~@~~~~~z~~J 'W~                                    ~~~~A~l¥J •• '~~£~I¥J~~
.&~~~*~.(~~~1L~~~A                                    ~~i$T~A :1J~~L ~1iJ~ ~I¥J
~~I¥J~~~r~~J '~~~$*~                                  5}64 , ~~~~Dalloz,                  Sirey~Gazette

1¥J~.!)~~~~I¥J~~~.mk:                                 du Palais *~~1j{7lJ**,W~R$~m
 r~~~n~$*~mk'~~~~~                                    W~~.*~.'WA'W~&WAM
~%.~,                         W~~:fI~~J        '      n.OO)Ct#F!;1t7~Ur1(~~.~& '
.~~~,~1@rI¥J~~R~~**~~                                 ~~~'1Jr1(l¥JttJ*n$Jl (de facto) if


    60) 	~Jlt~1J;J.a9ii;;ff1811if:a9~tt!!~J~~m+-=:~: r~~~ffmJJfj~#fflf'Fz~5E~~*;E
        wf~ff~ffl*jf,ZJi~           , *fM!~~$z~JJ ;   J:~fk5E~!~JV!~~~1$~m1A';ttftl!.~#~
        ftl!.AJ   0

    61) Yiannopoulos ::t-'1A' Dainow ~ : The Role of Judicial Decisions and Doctrine
         in Civil Law and in Mixed Jurisdictions, Baton Rouge, 1974, p. 74.
    62) 	~~ Allen     Law in the Making, 7 ed. 1963, p. 181.
    63) ~OO Krasser ~ Das Recht des unlauteren Wettbewerbs in den Mitgliedstatten
         der EWG, Bd. IV, 1967, S. 10 f.
    64) Allen, ibid.

                                               -190­
tEm~~1frdj-~I¥J:g¥*65                      0                       ±~t~[qJ~1!~1¥J~61.:k:)            ; ~1itlt{flj~
P-l'iMi±
                                                                   fi.1iJ t.Ji1[~~ffl    ' ~1ffJiJ!3-tfL~p/F~68
                                                                    ,m~.~a~*'~~~~±1!$1¥J
          ~±~t8~*Mt~*~*$~M~]
                                                                   ~&~~M~1!~B.1!~-~*I¥J~
1!~1t5t:~Ij~ri~#t1¥J-1f8I              0   1907:tp~$
                                                                   :1t:1!~   0                                       E.
~~±~¥*m-.mJE: r1!$~~'
                                                                   Huber tE~:tf·q~tm~ffl nHf~#1!i!iitJ
~~*~7k.~~~'¥*~8:f.fmJE1f~                                          (bedingte Rechtsquellen) 3tHm-ult~~
               , 1!~m*mJE1f ' *~'t~¥*                                        ,   ~ ff.~V8 1M ~7k.1ffIjJE~:fO~ tlt~
    '.W.¥*~,¥*~.~.ft¥*~~OO
                                                                   i§:11f11f81%.2J'::~it( vollwirksame     Rechts­
~~Z~~~~.~,~~~%,¥*~
                                                                   quellen) "~frtz1i3tttt~$-~mft1JJ
IjH/~~J¥'UI~ 2:J~! ~
~=±~~~~~~.~,~~~
                               7k. jitfj}1jtf9tJ J
                                                     ••
                                                     0




                           ("Er fo1gt") , ....... <V<l~
                                                                   {J?('lt1r~ml~~W~ (Nachpriifung) 69 0 ~
                                                                   ~ fr~ ~~ #?U iJ( I¥J¥*it#tml 'mJt fR 1* tN
                                                                   ~w..JlJJ:fl5~r.~!I¥J1rJEMiPJ70     0
                                                                                                                 '

m:filli j\ 66 ,      1!~~ffl rlfi~W~J                (i1
s'inspire) , .~~ffl r*~J (eg1i si
                                                                        :ff~if~l¥J~         , ~J~fhJJR1Jl¥JfBli
                                                                         ? Germann, Meier-Hayoz                  t.J~
attiene) ,           r~JV~J ~~ ,
                                                                   ~~~.- •• =~~~~¥*.~~~
1jf~'ffiij~I¥JW:W:jf{6:j.:g*          '    ~fm(Lehre
)    5fQ.~'I:~H?!j       (iiberlieferung) I¥J~&
                                                                   ~~~~~f\':;R!iI¥J~{Wf , :f.fm:tB-~'11          '
                                                                   aftm~                 '.~~7k.~*~~~
~~~~.~~.$~ffl¥*$~~~~
                                                                                        , -tfLiWL ~j:1t 1f8I ~ I¥J 1£
Zr13,61 ,     :Jt~~I¥J~~' .~1lt{flJ± ~
                                                                   .~~.~1£.,~mH~~1iJ~a~
            , m.~'ELf§~ffl)~ntk: '
                                                                   Wfuuitf::3§ll!¥J Fikentscher    1¥Jw.~-~           ,
~~~~'~~~fi~~~I¥Jtk:JE7k.~
ft!!1::.m$I¥J~~1it~             ("was Lauf und                     ~~:fl~JR1JI¥J~~.~*~'W~tE
Brauch ist")         0   m.~~!Jfl~1f8I~~mm~j                       .$!j$1Jl:Ht*I¥Jmj;,1j (Regel)            ~mft1

~®*~'~~~1.:k:~~~~.~1f8I~                                                 (Rechtssatz) ,      i§:tE~ffl'ffiiJ~¥*~

k.--6bf;l".t". , Wll/f{i:~~~~I¥J$U~                      ,         B M~I¥J ~tt '                             0


~~I¥J~~(/f~.&)~.'EL~~.                                                  .;ij -1ffiIifhJ JRJfV!J 1f~J'f.~l    0   ~   f+
oo.~mo                         '/ffi.B~~I¥J"                       ~'I~JfJT      '
~'*~~I¥J~~~1iJ~~.m.~(                                              ?                 ,~~m:fl:f.fHI¥J~~~.

    65)   Allen, ibid. p. 183.
    66)         ~rner Kommentar, Bd. I, 1966, Meier-Hayoz           Art. 1, Rdn. 44. 

    67)   ibid. Rdn. 43. 

    68)   ibid. Rdn. 471. 

    69)   .~~ Euber         Recht una Rechtsverwirklichung, 1925, S. 445. 

    70)   lWt~' Berner Komm. Art. 1, Rdn. 478. 

    71)   ibid. Rdn. 501 fr. 


                                                             191
7Z.i¥J~glfQ    --;- ~~~l±PF[PJi¥JJ!m72                0             C§tare dedsisdoctrine), ,~*~
*,~~~~m~(~-~)~~~$                                             ~*~~i¥Jm%                '   ~JttJ1~   0


           -
m~ (m=~) l¥J'~J0                   '   '@~!iiI7JtJ    : tE         ill~mUl,lJJt.~&~~~:gX;i'!~8ZJ
~~,~~~a~Mi¥JJ!m~.~~~                                                o   tE*~~~l:re~Ij7J!:i¥J~.t1&f
~$i¥J~~'~~~'~~~~~~'                                           L~l:~~~4ttfi¥J~l:m~ ("Her
     r~.~JB •• ~~~i¥J~.'~~                                    Majesty's Judges")             ,tE~., ~ T ~

~ 1rtE~6iI11lLl: J:iJ      J;J, ~T rIE1it#f:.J                1ri¥Jm~~~,                       'J:iJfflJ!~~~
~~.;.~~~'~~~OOJ;J,~lli~                                       .n~~~.M~-.~.~.i¥JW~
~~~r~.J~hi¥J~~~~'£~                                           o            ,    tE{~t9~mill.r~~~JllBL~
               !¥J~;j(     , ~~~£J!m{J?JF!~                   ~~A±~~mi¥J~~'~~lliill$~
~lli~WI~U-o/UJ!mm~~hi¥J~ffiI~                         73 0    ~,~~~~Jtt~~~i¥Jft*~MIA
tE.~'~1r~~&~~ft~~,.~                                          , :!i$~tN § ?~a~J;$76 0           ~g1X:~5fCiJB<J
A~~.~~$.a,mJ;J,~~~~.                                          ~f?~1lJ tJ   lillWiJJJu*mJf:;fU=tit        (1154­
~%=7JIj~Il~$i¥J~~~~~                         14   0           1189) i¥J~~' {ll~~Jl:Iji¥J;?t~~t.ft{JJ
                                                              ~~+A,fti:!teL~'~~.~M~
±~~~-.~~~~~i¥J~~~A'                                           %n~9rr~~1!Hm~~;?t~mi¥J~.                   77 ,

        -""'-..!Lc..~.~-   ,   g~3®re:fj:-fl1'-Wi~            ~~i¥J~~~~~~fttEft~*i¥Jm~
~~~.m~®~~.~~*~ili*W                                               , ffij~~1r!¥Jtt~~ifd:*i¥J~~[PJl: '
BJ H , &tE*~~*.~'~~i¥J~                                       *mi¥J*~~~~*~i¥J,~ai¥J~$
.~~~~.~Mi¥J~.'~±~R~                                           ~~,ffij~~~~.l¥J~~.;                                          r~
~W-~To                	                                       .J~~i¥J~ffl'~~~*~~~~~
                                                              iW*'ll1t ; ~ ftlHrHIl: JIJ ~~),j(i¥J~. '
                                                              ~~~$~~~~i¥Jm~~*,~~~
                '::::"'*~*~
                                                              mm~ft*~~OOi¥J*.~.,~m. 

        *~~*~~~~~a~~~.,                                       ~~fi,*~ft~~~~~~*.l:~ 

Ta~~Wl:~li*~~~~~~~#                                           .eB~         ••~~.~®~.n,~~                                         

      '/f.~ifMlt:li~' ~~ r~~IH[~JJ.R                          m~~ f~*~~J                   (binding on the
                                           ~~-~----.-~--                --.~-   -   -~~---.~--.~~-.-            ...   ~~   ~--




     72) ibid. Rdn. 506. 

     73) ibid. Rdn~ 507. 

~	   74) ibid. Rdn. 510 f.
     75) Liver, 1ltrm-5c' S. 75, Fn. 85.
     76) Cross mI±H~~lji'JttE~~~:frf5Js.R1]f8::::{!I!l;j;~IZ;\* :
         *!HBf.l6!:lt#;q:r 3.7.t-"'g:im{ft~~ ,~OOPTr~ Precedent in English Law, 3- cd. 1977,
         pp. 13-17
     77) ~OO Blumenwitz ~ Einfuhrung in das Anglo-Amerikanische Recht, 2, Aufl.
         1976, S. 25.
     78) ibid. S. 24f, Fn. 45

                                                          -192­
                                                              Hft.~~.I¥J.~o~~~~:tm~J
----
courts)      J   t~'fitj::}E1'::::::~   0	


          *~ f! 4t ~j17rJ 1¥J¥U}R:1.J mUtU l::It m            J&r~~!5t~HffiOWJ{JIJ-*{J1~9f'~~:m
l:Wrl¥J'*~~~f!~(~:ltl:~'                                          ,~~ftU.'-Wli+~q:t                            ••~~
House of Lorqs) l¥J;tnkjfiJ]*.:f9T1ff!m                       l¥J*c~/F~91                   82 0


 ,r.f!~I¥J.~ml:.f!~&1f~*                                                   :tm*Jt~1ff~*!¥:~*~*f!~'3t
)J ' Jt:tml:~f!~ (Court of Appeal)                                            ¥U*5fO*~y**~*~'§'3t                          r
Z~l:~             ,
            {H{J11f ~\~~~I¥J~J(}J                         (   ~~J                                     '~Hmq:t~1f
persuasive authority) 0 ,~Jtljl: ,                            ma*I¥JMW:Jt:tm~*~f!,a~M
®~*1.J~~~~*~,Jt:tm*~l:~                                       .~~~~~,~~~1lt.~,~~~
1iJ tJ, ~]l!5! fg¥ , /F ~ ~ ;k;tU¥k: 1¥J~~iC9                 ~~-~~I¥J~~'~~~.*~~~
 , l:Wff!~~ Young v. Bristol, Aero­                           ~I¥JM%r~~.f!.~Mo:tm~,~
plane Co. (1944) K. B. 718                    ~tJ,~   ,       ~l¥Ja;ta              (decision per incuriam) 1J1J
~UU~5!fg¥ftl:~.~ffi~5!M/F~                                    _-.=:;'7'>J:f    ,   rm19!1eJ~I¥J~U{9tl ' ~1¥J~1Jit1
~~/F~l:~~~~¥k:M~~~B1f~                                        .~~1lt~m,n~~~~I¥J~~q:t~
1~5!M:$Wm                '   rmmJI}t,~;t1J~l¥Jt-hJ*1.J        tt 0 !It* ' ~f-lfilffi~~Jl:mq:t , 1flUj:ji
 , [Rj~~:L13li!£l¥JrHl~f!!5t                 (High Court      1ff! rg ~~ /F ~~ I¥J;tU{JIJ 00 9aJ /F ffl
of Justice)           Mt~/F~,~~uwr5!$                 ,                        "the precedent is ignored")
~~~U~~.f!~~rm~*a~,m                                                            , ;ttl 'f9~ I¥J 1J: {ffi{~.l: 1t119!fU 'Filj T
                      sn~~f<!J!.a~!I5!fg¥I¥J                      , nr·Jl~ft1A:'~~)(~~J::H9~*1.J It
R~.~.ffl%~~a~,-.*~,                                           ~ft~~)(~~l:W~*1.J~~~~~
          R~m~U17rJ q:t1i~m*.I¥J~$~                                        o         ,   lfI!JJEf!l¥J~*1.J      -,   ~~.
'riJ:DQ ,l;J, m~ (distinguish) , ~*~ ~ {4:                    Wt7*:It:&1A:'mfG:I¥J~$                  , ~p~      Fikents~
~em.5!fg¥I¥J~*o~.~~~~/F                                                                              ~~1t1~~~7*
            ill 1lt   ' m~iitl:~i!~!1Z\ ~ 1fffi ~             ~~·~-~~J~2'~~I¥J~~'~*~

~~~.'~~~~fiM~Uftf!~~                                          ~~m~.M~m~~1f.~l¥JmfG:1.J
~~*1&f-t.f!$                 80 ,   ~~tf:r~ § ~~tt            om~*~f!ffiml¥J~~~*1.J~~~
 o~.I¥J.M*M~~'~T.~.M                                          T    0       1f~*1JBkJ~~;tU~I¥J~$P3~                       ,
~~/F~~.~~I¥J~f!~~.~~~                                         rm~~q:t~~l¥Jf!$;@.m '                                    'r±
(t-J~!{   1.J 1:J * 81om:lt ~ffi~ 1& ~ f!!5t fZ9:$                (ratio decidendi ~ holding). , 7;'
                      19XIi~~·~f!,i! ~,~~       , ~!5tR            ratio decidendi I¥Jf!$l1t!.m ' R
'~~"""-'-----




  79) 	~. ~ Walker/Walker            The English Legal System, 3 ed 1973, p.131.
         Cross Btr1~. ' p. 167 .I;tl'"          0

  81) ibid. pp. 17-18.
  82) Blumenwitz,             ' S. 31, Fn. 55.
  133) 	 ~~~~BiUi(<.A~,ff&83t1j~JJU4Bmii J:fi!{'f                      0

  84) Blumenwitz mr~~ , S. 33.

                                                          -193­
J!~}fiJ*1Jl¥Jm81l6 (dicta)            ,R/F*H}j<           ? Shapiro      -jJiIii~~illfIEH~J{lJ8~
~~*.mMH~~~~l¥J~~.~~                                          89 ,    Jj -jJiIiix{{£Vt.%:!I~fi~~J
~,-m.i£:~!0~~f¥Jl¥J~jJo                                 -Mm~'-m~J!~tE~~~~~m1J
r"""'''''--'-~   ,   1+~J!19J~   , RJ t}.fmIEJ!*        Vt.~~$jt.~l¥J~~:
~~$jJ~._t:t¥J±~FJl~                   85 0    WOO~           (incrementalism)       ~o   0   ~~l1f~J!

T~t¥f~~l¥J~~-?i            (issues) ,                   ~.1Jl¥J-$%'~~/F7ill~l¥J~~
$xRJ~%~$.~~~~~~~'R                                       '~~OO~ftl¥J~~'~~l¥JVt~~~
~#m~.~B~~t¥J~~~~~l¥J'                                   ~11k iitfl itt (sta tns qn.Q) ill R '
~.~l¥J.~J!~ml¥J~                       '~~~$            ~~~~UVt~:lz:l¥JVt~mAl:1J~~-{@
     , ~J¥**5*!f6/F;t§Fitl       0   ~ft~~l¥J~          ~l¥J'~~~~l¥J~k' rff~&~~
~jJ~.~~~±~~~~B~~tt~                                     /F1i.:ffl-~tx~U-OO:tifl¥J~~          f'i&:tif j !¥J
J! ~nm;t§lJml¥nl;\:.86 0                                     , 'E 1rHf~3Etrol¥J:ffl- ~ *fH4fP.& .Fs~ l¥J
        IlIfW.*~~~~ r~~1jm~~                            .Ji:J   91   tm*fflWJiIii~m~$jJ~~~
        l¥J)C~89f7flf-1C;tt:>f)lUM~87                   ~ffll¥Jft~*fm'~~J!tEVt~l¥JIE~
 ,mJ!~~~~~&t¥f-~OO.~jJ~                                 ft~.~ft$~'El¥J •• ~o~~~ •
•   mt~                  'U~~ft~~*1J~                   .*l¥Jr.~m~~~JtE~.#~~
ffitm   0   *    Allen ~~~ , !§O~{'F~~l¥J               ~j\I r/F~~ullt         0


~~§B-m~~~*~:>f~%~:8~
m:~7±~~~~:itfff$.~m.
     , tE~~~~!l¥Ha~~am~mUUjJ!~
                                         68   04jfll                  -==- "   ~1L~*     *
~~.~~U~W~~~~.1J~.jJ                                         ~JVt~lltJHiJ:tP;tLl¥J*~~E=fE8 ~
Al¥J±~~~l¥JAB~~*~o/7;~                                  p'&~, lfi~~tiBm~*~1fi!11k*~~*
~-~~~'~~~~~/F~l¥J~m,                                    ~~*OOl¥J.*$                          ''E~~~
~~,±~,m~$~~~~~~t¥f1J                                    ~/Fmjt.~'®H~~~~.~tL~*
l¥J~~*W~~~'M~tE~~ft~­                                   ./F~tE*~~*~~*~*W.B~
M*.~ti~~l¥J~~'~*~.~~                                        nJt)~~£i1~* ' ~~l¥J~*
 '1J1~nrU~~m~.fJ§,                                      ~U~~'.~MU&.~~ml¥J.~

    85) Cross, lW~ , pp. 38-102; Goodhart, 40 Yale Law Journal (1931), 161.
    86) ~OO Fikentscher ~ Methoden des Rechts, Bd. II. S. 86 f.
    87) ~OO Shapiro :it:. The Breakdown of Stare Decisis, l&~tn S. Ulmer 11 Courts,
        Law and Judicial Process, 1981, pp. 309-312.
    88) Allen, Btr1* ' p. 260 J;t 1" 0
    89) Shapiro mr~:it:. ' p. 312.
    90)       Shapiro :it:.: Incremental Decision Making 'll(ds~1i~ Ulmer 11 '
        pp. 313-323.
    91) ibid. p. 315.

                                                 -194
11§:t(mHli~       92 0                               ;fj:J1687 ,   EI J!t~J~tlffi~~~~I¥J~~~
        EfI,±!t=Jt15-P~~w~ff~"FI¥JE                         , l!m~~:£*.I¥JJtJ*7J '                1707~
~~ffi~~-*~~*~~~~A~~                                  MA~*.~ft.~~~U~'~R"
Al¥Jit!f~       , 19481f.~ ~711lt:;fp~ft~m           ml¥J~~lli~~~~*~~~~.l:~
 ,~~R*           ••~'~.~M~~m­                        RJii~~        ,   ~1J{7rJj1;;I¥J~~:I:IB&~    8
W£~~.~~15-P~~~I¥J~~~%'                               ~'~.*~~l¥Ja~M~~~~&.
~~~*~~~*~*~'-$~~~                                    AI¥J~$~~~-M.~o~f;t(~~~
A~l¥J~~m.'-$~.~@~.'                                  K*!:Hl:rmT~~fEnR7J                   96 ,   ~~.I¥J




          *.
~~~~~*~~~I¥J~.~.~~O
~W~~~~=*1f.I¥J~.~~'~~
~$ft
T93
                 ~l: B~;f§r&¥W:JfEI¥J~.{t
      -~f&~~1fJmftI¥J1ft~Hgk~
   o ~~U~ ~7ILllJ~~~l$T~.nru~f~
                                                     .~mk~~~lli-.'R~~~~.
                                                     ffl ~j{9u~~l& EI El3 we
                                                           Jt~ ~ WJ~fl:m%
                                                     ~~o~T~*~~~I¥J~~~~~
                                                                                      0


                                                                                      '   ~~~3fit~


                                                     A. Watson ~-.'M8Jfij~1c1t!iIj~~~I¥J
'~M~*ftWHM,*m.I¥J~A~                                 .~nM~~R~~~~m~.~~~
¥fi~~.Mkk~,~m~X~~~                                   ~1¥J~~~o@.lli~~~~,m*~
I¥J ~~~{$f ~H5 trlt!t:I¥J~~ ,                        ~~~I¥J~~~:~-~~~~~~~
J:tl¥J.~ ~ 1¥J~3f~~j'[ § ~ , PlEK~                   ~~m~Bt,~I¥J;flfL~ (how responsive?)
.ll.M~      0   ~J{7rJ~~:!it~2fR3@%*~            ,    ,m=~j1;;$~$~m.~~T$I¥J~
~~~(.&~.~j'[~~)-g~A                                  Ii:   (how comprehensible?)                  ,~=
~m.~-R.'~~~-k*~~m                                    ~~tft~~7m:J!:I¥J~J.t (how compre.
   9~ 0
                                                     hensive?)     0   Watson ~R~Utk.:~;ftUll¥J
      z ' 1i1*MI¥J~J~~~ ~71j-~ ,                     ~*~~~~&~o~~~~~~*~
--$~ItJ1:lEtif &llW:lli-$&~J1:                95 0    ,~~j1;;~*I¥JOO~~~~~~.~.
-+'--t;iit*Ct:).-ffij , 1i,m:IW1J1I}~~A.*            ~&~*$%n~~~I¥J~~~~'~
 , ~IJm~~~~ , ~1r~$flmfl,. T¥J;~                     ~~~~~~0'~~~7J~W~~~
~IJ{§!H'F~~~ , :5:~~~ (court
session) l¥J~jf;t( 1t*~:;fp lliliBt~~1683
                                               of    kft '   ~*        '   ~U{7rj~{§.~~nr~        , Wli
                                                     $.~~~~~~~~KM~'~~fi

 92) ~OO Dainow ~1Wm-.;                                                         "\ ~~~:Z- '      ~~t51
          "\ m;;Jf"\ '$Bm\t"\ :wr-'l~-F"\   ~~$~~ '~ml   Zweigert/Kotz         Einfilhrung in die
        Rechtsvergleichung, Bd. I, 1971, S. 271 fr.
  93)   ~OO Tedeschi/Zemach ?t~1t Dainow            , pp. 272-278                 0


 94)    ibid. p. 294.
 95)    ~ml Walker          Dainow ~1W1&1f' pp. 202·2230
 96)    ibid. p. 214.
 97)    Watson ::;t-~m International and Comparative Law Quarterly, July, 1978,
        pp. 552-575.

                                                -195­
A~ru~$mEBm~£'~fiAg~                                       ~JR*t&~     !        --;;L.:;....1=f".'VJ '>--±::.J:rF;!E.

~~~.;~~~~w*~,mm~M                                         ~~~±~TNO-M~~.~~~~
~~~~~.~~~~A.A~@.~                                         ~~t&M'~~ •• ~~~~~~~.
W.~~-M            ••-*~*m~m.,                             'WliW.Ap~.t&.~.~~~~
~~~~~~M.W.~ • • *~*~                                      ~~*~ft~~~,1tJ~~~~~ff~
ft~A.o~W,~~~~.~~*m                                        T   0   Jn~' ~~1f~~1j17tJ~m@]~UmIJJE
~*~~m~w~~~~~~~~~~                                             ,~.t:J~Jlj-~              0


~ 2n/', Watson §JJ ~ .El.-fi7.. e:r Z>.. A:;~ .ml' m[
j;;l$JRI i     j.:ljn,~Jt{~J-7G±="~"rl'~7ri7!"                      ,Wi;;1ft*~~*®~~~J1g§~
~~.~'W~~M~~.*m.o@                                         mffl~~~~~~~A~.m~~.w
~~~~-~mm r~!5t¥*J (two-tier                               j:~.J¥~~¥*~~o
law), t), -~flh~.I¥Jntf§J3~¥*$m.m                         18031f.:ttT -=fliW~~5G~¥*~l6cJ&
l:~¥* (the front rank law) , pg~~                         ~±~*~,m~¥*~~B~~~MT
W,Jn-J1&'*~¥*~~~~~:!1tl- '~f£ir                           ~'~~~~~~~-~~Jn~~~*
l:-~~.A~¥*$~~~                              ••~_W         m~-1'1,     0    ~~H~~:!1tl-                ( 1870)          ~:±
~*~¥*         (the second rank law) ,                     ~JtQ1itA    '   ~n    Livingston, Derbigny,
~W~~•• ~~Jn-J1&'*~¥*.~~                                   Moreau-Lislet          ~, Jt~(jl1tI¥J¥*~tt~
¥*~~m.~~ol:~~ru~~li¥*~                                    *±~~~1¥J8~"'*~M~~.m
.M~,*~¥*ru~~*.~A*.~                                       ,   'M'it!lJE¥*{~:1fmfE~~~                        ,
·:tmli ' ftI 1f11J t', ~ JE.fi{j ~~ £. tiEr) ~   *'       {t<1!ttfZP:®~W7j(z (ri;;-~~21{~)                             ,~
.1f11J~~JE..~§.U&&.OOft~                                  Y!~1i51nX:{1tl  ; 1t1l~¥*~n~~~ , ~'§'"
K.~~*;~~~~rr~~~~*~                                        1f1.R~~Wf.li¥*~rm*trftIEM~ ,
~~:i1c~~~~¥t
         (Institutionen) &                                J1t!~1l~J& ' 18701f.~;fpI¥J~:!1tl-m~&~
~~ (Digesten) , ~:t±;tq}~~~m                              ~~~~~~'1f1&~.~~~~~~
~A* (Gesetzkommission) ,¥*~~                              li{~    , m~tfJ-~ :
¥*Of[f.ftJ~llim~~1,$~i1!                    (ecole de     ~e.Z~~J                   'W~~~~~ft~1f
lexegese)     1$~ -     ,=5t1ii$fJ;l , 1tJ ~lm            ~fJn1flflfE~I¥J~~-~                      , -tlLJEtJ,~~Jt
~~.T¥*A±~~~*~1ii$'~~~                                     ~~~I¥J~~om.l:~~*~.R~~
±~Tma*~~~~~~$.~±~                                         ~~~I¥J~~A~~.~&'~~~~
~mm        (Idealtypus)      0                            ~.~l:B~~Bmri;;-'~~J\1ftl¥J~
      Watson ~ § ~~~~ffl-f!lmJt~                          ~*.Tl00         0


~tt~~.*jG~J&~~U17tJ~                         ,                    ~W~.~n~                ,   tlj{jtJ*JLl:~1tJ*
:m3fi   Watson ~16c~ §~--MJ\1ft                           ~~+5t~*'.ffl~~dm.~*~
                             --~~     ---

  98) ibid. p. 570.
  99)   *$  Yiannopou}os,             Wi~)(,     p. 73.
 100) ~:ltl~m-~~r=.~             <)




                                                    ~'196-
*~lli*~~~~~~~~~~~'~                                     it1~it% J 'lflJ*Wf~it. 378.:                     r
W~.~         ••    ~~~~~~~*T.~                          ~~~.mit~~~ffl~.~~itW~
$ ,   RirtE~1J~5~~~{I&~!jf7tl1lJZ~o;ij:                 %J      ,~~~m . it~~m-&3t*.
~:tiJl~~$1~3tl01             ,       fEl!ltt£~1$~.      ~~~~-§. *$U¥k$Uf7u ~it.-.: r   0


~i'lf/P--p,     r1r:Jj J     ~7*Ii:;fn                      , it1itm*mJE~ ,      4!tfM             0


~~.~~a&,~.~~~am~.                                               '~~WJ           ,~ljr*f7ti~~t£~~,
~~~~~,                                       O~~.~U     ~~±~~.-.m~~~o!lt~,~
~{y!!¥J~tl1~7*$3t{~JtZfiS.Lt~~"'~                       ~m~~.-it1i.1t*             :
~~".~~~~.~-'.fflfflft*                                  ~~~'~~~$~Z~m~*~~~
f~~St Yiannopoulos *P~~ll~$5fU~                         .~~~~~~~.~                                ~~it~
~~* Kriele ;f§fbl~*~~titr:                              ~~E •• ~~~ •• ~kZJfiait
x'~~~~fflt£*~7*m*~~$~                                   ~~~m~.*~~:                         r~~~w~~
~*~~~.ff~'~~~R~~ffl~                                    ~~$~Z~.'~~~~~~~~'
~fit!¥J~JtITifBJ       103   0                              ~              El:Jf:IJ~I5r:~*E~.~~Jf7tl
                                                                              , ~~~mT~-~~ljrrn
    11i '\ .:fl}   *   a~ ~ ~~,ti­                      ~,
                                                        ~~~~~•• 'fEl!lt'/Fm*~"~
                                                                                'fiait~.~~~~

              ~@J
                                                        *-JE~~~~.~'~.~~~~.
      :tE~~~1J~$B:*                   r ' ~1j~1f::~~    ~~J1l~~~~lj'1*~{7IJ~~J*104                 0   ~Z

A~~Ii%~'~+%~.'~*~~                                      ,.~mH~JE~~3t*~~'fflm~
~k~O~fEl~~T7*%t£m~~~%                                   ~~¥U*1J~~.¥t#ijz*1fo
~1J~~~Ij{7lJ ' ~~$rJj~J!%il~                    0               1lJ1jJE~~~      , ik~~~*~1t~m
      - ..   *1\1ntft~jijj~~~jJE~*~             , ~Ij   ~$Ij{7lj105    ,   fjgJE:~l~WF~0:~-l::j

~~~~~~.~t£~$~~                              •• ~.       ~m.~.~'~~T~~ffl.ffl~~
*~.ttW~~o.~~A+~mJE~                                     m~wm~~~~~~t£~o~~fbl~
    r~~~$~ftz~$1j                      ,   /F~i:fWT     ~!lt~~~$~®W*1Jom~~~~
~J '.~w~+.~~r*.~fflfi                                   ~~~.mw~.~~/F~~~.~~
Z~~,~~ft7*~$~'~~~~Z                                     m~~~~$'~~~H~-ft~m~
~if~J    0   J:j ~ , ~Q~lnVf~~. 468 {~                  ~~*1J'W~mt£~Ma~1f::r~~
:   r~~~~ffl~m~~ffl                             ,~      ~&~¥U*1J? J 'iJh§.m~~lj{7lJfi?t1t
101) ibid. p. 79.
102) ibid. p. 80.
103) ibid. p. 79.                                                  •
104)                   rJllj@ji!'l!itfFIj7:k:tEi*~jj~~~J:Z~MJ          '~~1nMu3t~:         r ~i!'*IDt~
        ~'j17lJ~~J ~-~       '   ,   ~m641f.
                                 295 0
105) 571f-§J:*~1091~, 601f-?JFpJ*m 170tllJ£o

                                                    -197­
ltl¥J{t(. ' .~~t)JJj:§:rJj              0                     *V,~~~~~~~~~*~J ,~

     ~.!it 7F IrfJ I¥J Jf:: * l!1f1f~ ~l1f ~ fR
                                                                         , E!O   r;t§~~fR1$:IDt~%         J   '}lE

• ~+A.&~+~.M=~fi.~~                                           ~~~~m""                   rM~~ •• A~~ •
$_~~~~'~%I¥J~~m~o*~                                                  o   ~J1tm~¥JjJ~W-1'-~t~.~ffl

tgll~I¥J~$iH!EfIllj      (Normenkontrolle)                    ~~{&~~~~li~~~I¥J~~m~(
                                                              extra legem, @ intra ius!)                 !Iift~m~
ffl_~~~~-~.ml¥J~~'~.~
                                                                                                     0



•• *I¥JM-~~o~~~~l!.ft®                                        X®~~~~R&~~~~*~1f~~
rJj~*fR'Erff~:tE"'*~153~&M154                                 ~~.M~~M=~'{[.MW~.'
~m~*~~~~I¥JAltm~o**~                                          .~~ltW~mm~~OOM*f!'Er*.
ml!~*~1f*.fRM~.M-~M=
~l¥Jmlt,            rA~~~.~~ffl~~.                            ~~fii1&~~I¥J~~~~m~~~~~
~.~.~7F~~W~*~ltfi~~~                                          I¥Ji&if    0   m~WEE

Wf~   ,   Jt~~JIfD~~Uffl.m                                    )],(J!)J~ITID~~.MI¥J~:;fJ            (persuasive

%a~~~.~fR~                 •• ~J            'M~.
                                                              authority) , ti ~}bJ 3ft ~ (binding
mtJm~105a       ,   tm*~~.1i~               •• I¥J7F          authority)106 , {[~:tEft~~~&~~                            .
~.ml¥Jrf!$J:IDtrlp% J ' TIfiJtr~Uf7tlJ                        ft~jJAW*f!1fW~l¥Jm~.~~~
 ,{t(*oom~'~~7F:tE*~1fll~m                                                       ,    ~p~m~~JtJ!lI.~            (
"fl~N       0   {[1EJ~~*  153 Mt~t~lt~:~~                     extra legem,                 contra legem)            ,
~-~IJ~Ijf7tl    '       154 ~~tJtfii1&~~                      {J3'~~~JtI¥Jttr*~106a ,               iill:fffm_:3t
~~"~~~•• %~~Tm.,~~                                             OOX~ft~~~~ffi1&~~I¥J~~m~
~~~~~9~rfR~J~r~%J®                                            ._§.I¥J'B&~~~lt"~m.~
-fl '     i&_* 154     ~.f?Ilkt.fliJlg.::m; tU:;;:g~:;r:I~.   ®ttHf[V ' ~~*!f~~I¥J~Ji '
*'*f!1fw~~~~§mm~~*~                                           ~~lg 1.t;J, ~:ttf1¥J               ~% ::t:tE~~
·1fll.f!mm.m~~m=~l¥Jmltw                                                     '*~~~~* 169 ~$_:3t~
~.*,~~~:tEr~~~~%J~~                                            oo~+%m~:~B~~~~~'                                r~
 , tm~ T r*EfrM'~~$~lP% J                                     ~~~~m~~~~:ttf,~.~~~{t(
 , 1rfJ~.g:f.§~m~ma9~® 1V";.v/,,~-=>-,-,
                                    0                         Wf~~fi~~~~~'~7F~~Jf::~~
tJ-mri7I~~m~~~25ft*N.ffi1&~~~                                 m~~~~J o~~*fR1f~~W~r
~~fi~24{~ffiS~ ,                     r,@J~,~r'Jj~                        tJ~     ,   ¥*illr-l]¥t~~UJf::~~f'f:ii
~&fii1&~~~~:tE*.~~,~~~                                        ~~§~oo~~~~~m~§ffil¥J~~

 l05a)                                                                       , .nN*"'~fljtrf!107~   0

 106 )                                                        , iUJt6fJlffi::1t ' M~::m15~,M~~Eif~~Ji:JfJ.il·'-:J
             ;~~~~~iUJ~~~,~~~~trf!=~~~AAm~n~o
 l06a)                      , ~MW5ctB~1J{JJ~§::t7lii ' 1ijl:tR~* 153 ,                                     154p.w
          ~m~~~~~m~~~~~L~~~'~~~~~*~~~p.w~~~~~.o

                                                      -198­
 (_*m156~m~)                     ,{J11!:~*m153            :l~JJt (~5fffij:J't      '\   ::E~~     '\   ~ooff   '\ ImIE
, 154 ~m~4tl¥J!!l~A~~m~~fIm                               .~107   '\   ~~!7j~)            '11J~~l[-~                0


_~~~~.A'~~~W~Rfi~~
t19~~iJ*JlMafff'Fjl}i1f1!t              '   M~A tiL       Ri~ml\ +{,*1*~Y*1f~li~ItR;'lJl%oll
~ji~ (~~'M*A)                    ,RJ ~M~~1T::             Y*fl1J%::V:~J1R.&lj             0   ~~~riQ*f{~:               r
.~~m.~1J~~~'~~~~~.                                        ~*~~A~m.~~*1J'~M.a
1: RJt.J~~:fHI~l¥Jrtft-*6* ' ~*f              nm.EE       ~~1fm*1fzm.~~f:~Y*tlt                                ' mLEl
     l¥JtmJEffiJ § 00 0                                   3~~li~fiJ            '   !]Q;tt:m~~~IJIWf~3~ ~1               a
       1l1f*~1fWl~D~M.flm16J~                             EfJfiJlIT '     mI~Jtft!!il~wmEf]~tllWf          0   ······m
~~$~M'EI3~~y*~*~WWl.Y*                                    1J~li~.~D.Y*m~.~,~.~
fi.~~1J*~m~w~~&~.ft~                                      ~~A~m.ft,m* • • • 1J~::V:~
       ,{J1~ • • ~w~~~mB~11JU                             ~*M~'~~Y*.H~a~D.~M
~~~~~'D~y*~~~~~*1J~                                               '~~~~~::V:Y*.~'$~~~
¥n-F!p1Y!~m!.~~~5~Ef].~y*J::~                             ~~Y*$fffilt:m~iP~                       , :$~~rufooPJ
~~o                                                       ~~~~~::v:y*;fI~'~Y*~~~*y*
       ='\~~~fi~~~~~~Y*.~                                 $.lt:zm~~,~ft.~~~~ftft
I¥JrJ1~fi~;tg'M%lft          0   ~1t~f\I·.~f1F            ~~rMd~::v:¥tfm~~1RJ                     0    liY*.fMtJ~~t
~~~~~~~~*.ff~~~*1J'                                       ~-~~#~~~~*~*ftY*m~;
~~~J1R~ • • ~~.(y*~ • • ~~                                Wy*~~~~~,~u.~~z.JJt~
~~:.~.'\.~.'\~mm'\.a                                      A.~#*~*~~m.,~~PJ~~
:tc~   ; ~y*~Jl,1j~1'F~~::E1~m '\              ~*         fMtJ~~~~liY*tlJ                     108 ,    ¥t-g~lIY*m-t;
   '\*~.'\.~~'\~~~'\W~~                                   .~*~.~H.'~fi~~.~~ll
'\.~.'\.m.~)                      ,~4t~~.~                y*.-t;.m~~~~~J1R~~~r~~
1t~mfgEf]ffiJ*1J        '   tiLgt~~$t~~jtJft              %{fIJ~*.'l:i~*1JU!FJ,.t.J ~~                         , m.~
~1¥Jy*~ (.Jr~r~t        '\ ~~1Jt, ~~~)                    mfiitt~fliJ*1J~)j{t(1l~.l\+~u!7
 ,~@JtIj{ljrhT~Jt           (:±1Sj$f) ':Pltf'F            :a.J         109 0

~~~:a~"~~~.tt(~~.'\M                                              ~~OO~.Y*~W~4t'B~mU
~~) ,~ftl!ft*~Ji~~~J1!.A±~                                iflli~~plf@jDZJf~~~~~1Wdf~11J.                                0


~1ti]1t~~U~mfBw*1J ('~7k*) ~                              . - , ll~~l\ +.mf~fi!¥J                      r~tltJ
~~!~¥tf.A~tl1?lJ~'& (fJ*IJ~1t~ (ifJJJ                      ' ~~~~[f-iJ~~-                     s   -t;+{,*~~.~
a 1& '\ ;U~f$ '\ ~~%O~)                 '~:f4:a~          ~109a, fW~ffBt¥ttlriQ~tiLffi.~!&~$~J::

       1lt~i*~rmlE"&!::R:Ii;;iji(if~~~*:~~i~~:1J '                , m17]{ 0
 108) ~OOIE*~~WrJ:t~~wH~          , ~-tJ( ; ~;fI1J5tf[~illi'liE8~:ff~~~ , :=.!;[-4-I'ltr=-)'<:'&>;"             ,   ~

 109) ~*~~it ' ~1t i\J(             0

 109a)$OO*i*Jg1lr~M~m 38~ , ~ 137~                    0



                                                 -199­
~ft1.t§jt}j'7*~:"                            :u.A3jg*9 ..
---'7   r.:r ::J.b.:\:E! ~'!1f::i:.ll0     ;;M-;'!;v 1FB*14l-~ 3Z. -:rlr llfiB
tL 1=1 -1I=C;% -ffl- -fJ"                'tAt JEI""J iA 1"1"- f:!ii 71-: /'I". f¥~    J0/ftiJ~                  ? rr!'§~jLl~Ut1JJ        ~
~   , ~'g~)tJll~tl~ .. ~,tft ..       ..                                               8~~~J::~~'~~~~~ili~~~
~~~ff!.IJ~$l¥Jro* ' ftl!1¥J n~.lz:~~J                                                 *7~t¥:~I¥J*1§113           0   f(t~~ ,
/F!ZSI t~ ~~ ~ jfJtt                     0
                                                                                      ~*~I¥J/F~1*1$W~~WWI¥J.~,
                                     1-1M-~ Imrh-        §   =-!-.-.41-t




~fi~.!)                                              '~M~~I¥J.                         ,-rn~.1iJuml:a.~~~~ft,
~§M~~~.)t~$~*I¥J~m*/F                                                                 /F~~~!ffl±~Y!~~m~1*~:tE&
1iJ5t       112
                  ,       f§ft,Rif:tE~~/F)t9i~*=f~                                    ~M~~~~.y!~*9*T,~)t~¥*
1¥J~{4=T                  '                  §                                        Jt~®~*,:tE~~~'§)t~¥*Jt~~
                                                                                      ~~=~=~§                            ,~-~**

                                     ~-hn~,Wf' .. :i'm~;'±AH



                                                                                      ~~,§I¥J}\.%5fO~~~.lz:                  '
YE1*          (Recht)              J::I¥J{&1f '              gPiE:J!~.lz:             ~1tty!80~~/F~~ W~IJ~ :;;Plllf~~
~~m~~~I¥J§I¥J,*.xm~.1¥J                                                               ~1bJ*1J 1¥J*8~mJ      0   113a
1iJ~!~~~~J::~*~~:J!r~~1¥J                                                                    ~=   ,                          5t1LI¥J~~   ,




ff~.~
~.':tE~~~B~~.I¥J~:tE'1iJ~
~-$5tA~I¥JIT~B~~~5
                          ••
MU ' ~Im"I¥JJJRff!.Ijif:l*.m±*
             , t.ftJ*1* 'g1¥J~a ¥*Jt{ytl-rn/F:J! P] 1*
                                I¥J~ffl'W:J!~~~~1¥J
                                                                  0                   1L~.~~*.lz:~'~~m~*~±~
                                                                                      Y! .. tfwwrff:!t. '
                                                                                               !~R Watson m~LUI¥J
                                                                                       rffipi~J ~~~~~~;%.:fiillM3?!~6u
                                                                                       o   =*I5t 1LB<]JHi1l.~~;'{JTM:tE

                      ,   *Jtl:~ ~     , 3jg*9&                                                             '3Z.ifJtl~EfJi}l1J'r3
{t If/F 1m ' {iiJ ,[;),:tE~:J! RJ Y! ~ ~ I¥J                                          m~~~T'~~ili~~ftl!~1iJ~U~

 110) ?i*~~ir '                      , mtJi 0 

 111) !Ull1N*,§~liW::}iUEG~!£hf!1~ Simon             Die Unabhangigkeit des Richters, 1975, 

       S. 1 ff, 41 ff,               0 'ifJi*fT~tdJ~~ftl':B~M.t;IlJ~  H. Girardi ~ Abschied
       von Montesquieu, 1982, S.47ff.
             Hassemer         , J&i3k~ KaufmannjEassemer ii-Ii Einfuhrung in Rechts­
       philosophie und Rechtstheorie der Gegenwart, 1981, S. 80 ff.
 113) 	!ttUJtE1t~1r:Ufli;m:*7;H\ltl,;{~iE;;~'Y*ffA.±~~7fW- j\ +~~H:l~-$t::Ufli fY*'§ § tf:l
       J EG1:.5! (Wii-¥\ii ' 69::q:: 6 }j2913) ,                     , ~~*~~·~~,§~t>t~li
              ~-1lJ~1:.EEfuU                     !               '    ~±j!&~EG §     l':B .. =¥~~Jl:cB~11t!fifE~~~,      0

 1l3a)\Ul~W-'§~:rr.UiUm:{E:9t~i*1!J!J!£J::EGWU~                                   ,      M. Shapiro                    Courts, a com­
              parative and polical                        analysis~        1981, Chap. 2

                                                                             --'- 200·'­
~~~A~~'~~~~~ffl~o~*                                         ~~.~~fl*~~~ew~~,~.
~W~~~ft~~'~M~A~~~$                                           '~,§~~~M~&~o.~~W,~
~~~m.~*.~.~~M'~~~                                           M*~.~A~~~.~m~!¥J.~.
11~I~!¥J*1J~~J              114 0     /f.~ill:$~~            (§~m~)~~.~~~§~W~!¥J
~B'~~W~~rffWmMJT.~                                          ~l\ -H~ (:f.~:miD Jj~mJ ' ~~~
~~~~®m~'~A'~N~~~~                                           $~~r-Ji~m.:JJ           '
*1J~~~m~~~r~~~~J$r                                          *11~:IrJj~&~ti~ew~~              0    *3t~~
~~~~J '%~.R~~~~A~~                                           ,.~.~.mm~r~$J~~~.
~A!¥J.~Z~,~m.M~~!~W                                          ,~.~m_~~~~~$~~~~~
~m~~~~~~E~~~~~~~~                                           fflMmM*'~~~~~~*.(.OO
~'§m:*~~mwJJ~~~ ~~1Ui:IIi.'1njqJ                            .R*~~~~).~~~~-~$~
~~-~A'W~~~~M~~*A~                                           ~ r~1lJ         ,1{tW[ffJ~~ r~~*J                  '
~:i:Jf~1l5 0 ~~~~ Ott ~~:m~'§                               ~m~m~~r~[ffJ~*.~~~~~
r~~1i ~±. ~~ J(dezentraler Gesetz­                          [ffJ~~1tj¥f1lJ     'm:tERj~it~tlJ:-tl!i~
geber)   116 0   ~1Y::-'~fi'iYIfEl.                         ~: ~~W.~ r~)$!M:J (distinguish)
~'§~r~.I@WJ~~~~~~~                                          ~~~,~~*~.ft~~mA~.~
70~~'~*~~.1J~ft!¥J~~*                                                          '~I2S:i1lli.A~[ffJ~iY
~Jf~~~~*1J'R~m~'§~~~                                        ~a~itrW~~.              '   ~JtIj~fiRT~~
.~~~~~              •• ~+A~~~*.±                            ~A~~~~~~oill:mm~~!¥Jm~
, miJ{~·1P'~m:. ' ~ttrnr~~t'£~*117                          ~tfil~1J:W=$~~~JI*!¥J118                , &~~
o                                                           $~~M*~'R~~~~~~~*.
    ttji- ,      i!f)E~rill~1)Eli~gg-t~            r4S      JI*!¥J-~~~~~.~~~~~'~
~~~J!¥Jrm.J*R.m~~~.                                         ~*!¥J~~'~~.'~~~~ •• ~
.~!¥J~*1J!¥Jr~~J '~~li~.                                    1it1lt.~.mo
A+~r~~~ftJ~rm.J*~m                                               , 4S~~I~O\lj~~~~~JIE:nt
                                                                 ~~
~~~m.~~~*1J!¥Jri!f~J                               ,w.      ~M~.IE'~~ • • ~.ffift*~.
:sy.~~#fifi1fio                                             .~.~m~;~*                   •••~~~~~
     !l~1Wm~         , iffi~li~~~~~~li                      ~~.~,                         o~WR~~m

 114) 	 5 \:0!; 13 Rehfeldt-Rehbinder,       ' S. 272.
 115) 	 :tm Fikentscher ,          , Bd. IV, S.302; Sambuc         FoIgenerwagungen im
        Richterrecht, 1977; -tl!.:fi{f~~1r{'f~jfUR:7Ef*fnat ' :tm Larenz,        ' S. 418;
        Horowitz, J&~~1ltr~ Ulmer         , pp. 34-41; *3tf!,,~~fRj, ~~11:1l3t '                 .."".../.1,"",,".".


       ~~IDfi.~+-~~-·;Wj 0
 116) 	Ott 3t ' Il~ L. Raiser          , 1974. S. 417.
 117) !ltp)T 1l1§~~~~111J Jj}TIJ&H1JiI¥9~ffl:fi~1r~~mi1]tl5~f*fn!~Jt ' rm~Jjltf;t;-1rtt                        *
      ~~mtu{!i~IfijJi~ljrR::fit.f;nf[1J at9¥~~~~\iJ 1;jl1J%:'i'Lat~,~           0

 118) 	'®OO Zippelius                 Rechtsphilosophie, 1982, S. 111 ff.

                                                    -201:..c..
.. 

~
~
L
~
='
~
~
='
W\
~
='
~
tB
tr
t~
~
~m~
!@:
~O
~lf¥
11:~
Ill~       C"l
           0
~*'
~~
           C"l
-~
               I
~:ttl
~?}:1
t+ m!
11:*
WM
trrrr #1
#1-\:::1
+<~
~~
~~
~td
 ~~
~ ~
!re. 

~--,
-

-

1'""'\
0\
  1! " \~~t '\ ~~~t '\ WrfPi­                    grundsatze)         B9~MtIB&,            Jiffl± 19071p
                                                 B9~~~~              ••~Am.~ ...a~~
    .. ~~~~JiQfftEB9*JttEjft~~
    ~
~~~~~~AB9 •• oA.B9W.~                            ~U7~~±.I¥JJWi*121                0     (E!.1is~~~.m
~~tE*~n~~~~lli~~±.B9~                            ~fftE~M~~             .. ~m~~~@:B9~~
~'*.~.~~~B9*.'~W~~                               zFJ:l   0


~*B9~.~%~'~~~~~~~7                                       ~ltlli~~~±.B9~*                        ' tJ~~
i*$~)c~~%% t.~J,f!;B9       miJ11 ~~ (           ~~*'±~~~$~~~~~'W~
Normenhunger)     0   ~~Jt:ftm~jft*~             ~±m*B9~m(J. A~~).~~
~~~B9ft~~~~~~~~~~~~                               '~il:t.tE~~~*1Ji:JlJ~M (sources
~~~~~~~,~~~
.. ~~m*~~~.~B9m.,~~,
                            . .
                              *~     ~~          of law) ~*:jtJ*11 (binding) B9~~
                                                  ,~~~*~%              •• ~m~B9M*o~
~~~*.~~mB9n~~~~~~~                               ~~7.*~~~mft7~~~l¥J••
f!!Jll~@:~[ifj~B9~~-~Jj~12o           0   lZSI   ~1&'~m~*~~~~~~~l¥J~~
~~~*~~~~~~$~~~~ • •                               o             ,m~~~$®~~~~~B9
~B9~~'~~~~~'ff~~ft~~                             ••~.~~~m.11.,tE~.,OO
~i*~~~*B9~~n~'m~~~$                              ~~~~.7~~~,~~~r.~M
(i¥{ f!il±B9~~~ [ifjfltMF~~~A-~                  ~J 'W~~~~~~~~$~~~~
~~~M*B9~M--z~o~~~.                               ~~OO.B9~M ••B9.~'.*~7
~~.~(law    in action) , 1&~~~~                  W~ft~*.m~~u~,~~~~@:
l¥J"~ (law in the books) 0 ~nt~ ,                ~122    !
~~*~~~±~*~~W~~*~~                                        fZSlJit '   ~&~. B9Jt~t!~¥l
*B9m.'R~~~~~B9~mW~~                              Lepaulle             : r~Wtibl:>f~-M~1!i
7~WB9~&om~~.~~.~B9.
~.~~~~~~m~~~BR~Mo
                                                 7 ~ PJ 11:1: 89 m     *'   1.L;;>I";   '~/!::I::;X -.lL.;xa~
                                                 11.~.~~~M*'.~.WtEjftK
    ~~~'±.B9f£-tlt'~A:$~Ill~                     ~~~~~Z~o~tE~~n.W~B9
~~B9~~~&'~~~~B9~AB~                              A~re@:~~    ••~#• • ~A7~.
lwtil~7 ,~tiB%U1811if.B9~~~~~                    M** J 123 , ~.~l1TtEft~~ .. ~~
fb1Zjj(BJg7~ ~~   (natiirliche Rechts­           .. ~~ .. $oo .. m.*'~fi'~fi"

120) 	iltrUiH:1lH~+/\" +1:;ttt~!i*MEE1~'l~'%Il$TImgU::M1f~j'~a~U~EE1~tjlt , W~~mfjlEE1~JJt
      Mii%J\UreJOC~*EE1~U*~1£lIDt~~Z. 0
121) 	~OO~~~J:en.. Wieacker EE1~)C Aufstieg, Blute und Krisis der Kodifika­
      tionsidee, .~ Boehmer re~~, 1954, S. 35 ff.
122) Fikentscher iltrf~)c ,S. 166.
123) ~OO Lepaulle )C , ~~ R. Pound ~~~ , 1962, pp. 96-97.

                                          -203­
~~~'~A,a~Z~~h~M~~                                            JfrR~**itiE~           , IE~®~IL'Ji:~~
~~~lliR~~~~'~~'~~~R                                          ji.:sf   rJFJg!¥J.4W~~~EfJ                126 0   14.
          -'-".=.'l=-§   ~f.1A;>cmml¥]pltilil          '     ~.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~'~~,~~~~~~*~m~z                                            ~~r~~.J~~.o~Wm~~r
.~-.~~'~OO~m~.M~~~
*~~.*m~t~m~'~A~~~
~~~&~~~~~~~.+~~~R
~JlUf.~l~1~      0


        1ft~1teI~Jt*tf~Ijik:~~~tE                   ' {!J!
                                                             ~.Z~AA~~J~Tmft~~~~
                                                             ~~~~~Zji.,
                                                             ~~~~.ms.~
                                                             ~~~*j]~~mft~~.m.~~*
                                                             ~o
                                                                                     ..,    'h~~~~~
                                                                                                               o~




~.Tm~1teIOO~~~~~~&~~~                                               {fl~~~m±Wt~j1J~~                , ~&ffll*~
,   mLft~~           ,   ~1'f%l1~11' ~~*EI;ff~               ~*~~*~~*,~~mm~~~13
~124, tL3$c£~%%1313~~r~~~im                                  ~~~o~~1'f'-n®M~~$'
1m nfH~1lf~~~J (Huber) , rMtJ1=:                             1E~¥lPJ~ilj~ffitllJt     127       ~fr5tfJ ~$UT
ts.JJRj]J (Kriele)' r {l&~~~~ J                                       , 3J-nOO3tIN~ r~€l~11I1~J                       (
(Regelsberger) ~~-ffijJE                  0   m:~*1J?E       Larenz ~.) ®~m ' ~mUIJit7~1r1¥J
~*~n~~~1'fOO~*~~~~m~                                         1*~ttfiiJmi(g~®~!:hJ*j]             ; :ft~*       '
, ~~re~{leH~A~7cik:r~~:l1t~~W                                *m~.~m~~mft.~.Kn~.
    '*~Ji,ffij~~125!                                         i!Wi~~.f,tJfrtf{!¥J~1~         ,   7:J~1fr MflJ
        ='   ~ ffij 1!1 fJf   ta tk: ffJtsJ5P: j] iftt ~~        (Shapiro   ~) !¥J~~        0   :;~1fi!il~·~-ii":

a~*.~~m~~#~z~'~~A                                            ~ • • a~~.~M~~~rIE.ftJ
~~M.m.~~'.~~R~.~~                                            !¥J}~i'M   (RichtigkeitskontroHe)            128 ,     ffij
~~¥E (t,£nh~1iFf~mfi!¥J "increm­                             ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~*
entalism") 'mf~9~$UT;ik7a~J~~J::                                 '~~Mm*~~.1'f~~~~~~~
!¥J~~"E ?                                                    'B]~.f;§~;J1t~IJ~~~JE'~ , {§'~1m*
    ,   *{!9lJ!fI~gt~2JS~' ~~~.I¥J~                          ~JJ~;;j(~~JJ(~~lE~~ (richtiges
'**~~2JS~±~®~~om~Affl                                        Recht) , t11H~Zfi~®~WJ;fl*~~iK~
      "aequitas" ~~ J '                    r                 tm:~~      rlE'fi;J ~ rlE1itJ ~9.Ul¥Jr5ji.              0




124) ~Ml~Jt5fU~*~+=~~m*'¥t~t-~tffffiJ{7Il-f-' ~:~~C=rl:~~~ff!l#c~nR:tJl¥9tJF~                (
                             , m.~~~1tf:t4Jlm~~,@~1im~1U r~~u:tJJ /F:&.tnfmJ.. ' /f~mMU:
         \¥JffiJ}.\[:tJ ' r&JltR~~~*liilS'9Jl::fc ! Jl, Klang/Gsc~nitzer , f¥,~~~~~lttr.-~~M
         l'Ji .(1964) fd:~1!t~ Pisko/Wolff, § 12B            0

125)$00 Hassemer , WJ~:fc ,S. 830
126) ~OO Kaufmann ;tJ!:t~tn1W~. Kaufmann/Hassemer, S. 285, Zippelius,                                      wH~
     Rechtsphilosophie, S. 112.
127)            , wI~ , ~296-308Jt 0
128) ~OO Esser WJ~. Vorverstandnis, S. 142 ff.

                                                      -204­
~ft~~*~*~'~7~~~.~~                                                                                             :Q~~~~ffa~ 

~*'AAmH~.~~$*~~~~                                                        ~~~~fi~~~~a~~a~~m. 


                                                        (Radbruch
~*~) ~~W6~'
rM~m'fU        fEtJ~                                         :                    o

~.-.~~~~~~~~.~,W~                                                               ~J£::-{~~i'&ITiI:fJ~~Jl~tkJE                                    ' 'E 

M~$~~~~m.r~~J~~.~                                                        ~   •• /f~R~*~~* •• ~.~~                                                          

*FHffi~      IR$J                                                                                                     o1f:!.~.l[Ji\(;lfF~ 

o~~~~~¥~~~~~-nOO~*                                                                                                         Lepaulle             -@!~ 


Jflli~       , m~/f~5f1~                                     IIIHV¥.U=                JE'lffi~~:;lt;;t;:~~~.::t: , At$~fiU1lt 

       , if §        AI:-. llL AI:-.   -= -~-l>.


~~-.~m~~'~~~~~~~*                                                                         , ~n~*~tE~~!.i~J::~
,~~.m                •• *~~-M~~~~~                                           -=--'LL.'II"'·~~    0   J~*~'giHN~flfj]~JE                                '
~MT-~'~~~~~                                                              ~~~~OO~$D**~~~~~~'
T-~O~~~~~~~~~.~~~                                                        slt~-*~.~~~~~$.~~~*
m~.w~~~~*~.ft~~M~m                                                       ~{'fffl      0


~,                                                       .M~n                             ,     ~~lEOO;~-{~~,~ti~.~

                                                                         ~M'
   tKt.ffiiJ~    0   ~~:~ri:t

-TM*~*~n~~.~m.~®.
~*~if,m~~.~.~~~$H~
tl~nWLl?t$   , ~~-$M~.~14t3C {C89f!ft                                     ,~~re~®.mnJfi§                                    ••m'ffa
tl2slt/f~~~.m~nJ~§                                  0                                                      ;   jj-jJ~OO        '   ~""CC-'.L.   l-Lo




      ::::. ..   ~llrJttE:JXm                '     ~~*m5fl¥J~            ~§m_.ft~m~~~re~oo~~*
*-~'R~~~~*.~m.~oo~                                                       ~Ii 11' AfiLtWr~t~~1:.                           m J1f '
                                                                                                                           !¥p~
f[xJ*~ ,    .. 154~$"                                                    &~~.89mf¥f1W~i1Jt.IE~                                      ,
                                                                                                ffif (:fJ(;-r MiT'~   0   I jt ID!f *m;f11~
                                                                         14l f'I ¥)ttl: ff'J    * ttl.1lJ:.:f.E       1~ ~~ IE17\] -:f .<"             0



 129) ,*¥Ib ,.1trml¥iJitllf<zttJ3*~rgir~m 153 ~1fIl~~~~frffiJ'(:;j;:~rl~/F~Jt
 130) ~!3I;l Lepaulle fiH~j(, p. 98.
 131) 	:lIif,ibi*~56if.iLl:*~2043~}lj~ ,                       , 1ltI~. ~509-515Yi 0
 132) 	 It1m1iftJ?UJri9J4t lUl~~~m*m~S'9i&1~tf{1A¥HWHt9~~~tt ~i*1j1l&$~51 ~079f
                                                                                                               '
        ~ r'?±li~~J E1'iJ~%m:f!!1.                       0

133) ~!JljjttJtji*~59if.~J::*1005~~U1*                              0



                                                                  -205
~~~~R~~~~~~~~~~~~                                            31Ef37G7i-R:::       r~~~41J~{7!J~~
~~~~$~~:                      'm_(~~~                        .~~WA~.~'~W~.~Z~~
B~~~$~m_) '~~D~m~~                                           J   133 ,   .@..U rm:~4='ljfR:Z&bJt&~~i*
$~tt.!~~132       ,   7i-~~133~      , W~f)§~                                    134 , fnJ~


~~~~~~*~'~~~M~~~~                                            ~3I~~~~~~~~~'7G~~~~
~~!J~~Jd~:l~Jt!~        ,   &'I'~~~    0   Tff-l"~"iS\Iii.   ~~~~~W~~~'WA7G~~~~
~A~_~~W~B.~.~'~~~                                                                      '*'
                                                             &: !~J,! tf§ ~'lJtE ~u fR: J 135 , 1ft 71" ,
~~'mT~M~~~'~~~£~~                                            ~~~*~7G~7i-~~~'~~~ffl~
 'A~~~.~~.B~.~~~'~                                           ;{{l~Z~IJ1k     '   ~~lF.frJJf3~W      '
~~*         ••   ~.~~.~~-~~~~
~iff~~~,I)B~~~rEi~~'D~
                                                             ;f~7G;f~Z~UfR:      '   ~~1JQ~5t;fJTif~J
                                                                     , ~.I)i*9=t1t~ , t-J § 1ltrJfi~i~
                                                                                                            136

~~~~~.~&~.~.7.H~r                                            ~.:m*Wt         ' ~~~t!l~~iJ{7!J#~~~
~J      '5Httm~WJ'                                153        ~~Jl7Gj),137        , ~l~Jt7G~~t!l@O~f1l-
~~m~ '·~1I.1I.1f::~~jrJtm~:1J (die                           ~~~-~~~~*h'~~~~~~
normative Kraft der Faktischen)                ~ffi.         ~~~.~$~E~~~'~~~M7
~   ,   ~~t~~lU   '   JI!:m~~:f£:lt~QAA:~~                               ~?:(.?;~~ r~~W\~J

    , D~~~~~~.tE~ , ~ftl!1rHl-t                              ~O~W~                               'D~~~
~m~$~~~~~~~~.tE,~~                                           ffl~~~~~W~.~'~*~.~'
~~~~ • • %~~~.~$~~JI!M                                       ~1F.f~ZtWr~1:. ~m~J 7!J.. r{k{IiJ1l~J
INr;o                                                        *~~mM~1k~.~• • ~~~~~
        Jf*~~~~~~oo~~                  , ~$~                 Jt!138 0
Jf{J:: ~m 00 fi[! ~i1ff~~tiBjJ :                                   ill MfR:~I~~H*?€il~~.*I¥J~!j~ ,
~l1[5t~!j~~U{7!J? 2.~~~~f1J1!~IJ~                            ~~~1:.~.~~~~:1J'~1ft'~7
~~~*§WJB~~J1!~~~~~~~                                         W~.*~ i.*~1!lIJJ ~7f.' m&ieJ::
        ?                                                    • • w~r~~~~J~~.o~~R::
                               '*'
       1ltr lm Nft B ~ §fj:m 1r~ ld5t ~UfR: ~U               Wt'~~~.~~MW.#fflW~B~
171l ~ ~ !~£3~ ~{k~l 0 illff::l@fl!HI5t '                    m.~.J1!~~*.~rA • • ~J~
Wld5t'~*~~.~~o~~~~~                                          ~~~~~,~~.~(ft§~~)®

 133)                 '~JIl~~~       'mlt:='J{        0

 134)                                                  0


135) !Ji*IM~it,              , mlt[1!J1J{ 0
136) ;a:*~~1ft, m~5fi1~~ ,m+:1LJ{                      0


137) m¥~iti*rm/f'Jt::{E~J!fll:1J1ns §     , tlO41~B:l:*-m1432~t1j~j!itqatm
        Am"~IJt1;Lfr%tlM~~~*~893~m-lJfs0m5Egflj ; 39~§l:*ml05~t1}~~ljll1l!
        m~~m 118 ~a9       ~~ 0
138)                                 , mltJ\J{        0




                                                   -206­
MM,~~~~:~~~~.~m.~                                                        rEB:®: r~"l1! ~45-~~* ~~*~1.it
.~.~~.*.'8E~N~~~~                                                ~ • • UA~~'~ • • ~~~~~.
r5t:fl~:tLl!1f J (ott , rm8~                                     A'-'r:m.-=    ,   ~~~fI~~WJ.                 ' ffi ~*::g
~~~l¥JlLl!1f'                                                    ~~~.*.~~~~~.~~~~fE
~5tlL~~l¥Jft.W.'~~~M~~                                           '.Ar~~~~ft~~~JflfiJ '
~\~ , tf1.~nr~ !                                                  r~A~~R~ft~~~.*,~m~
    WIiii1%JllI¥J Watson rm~¥*J                      ~                            , =5tz=tJJ::zlli
mmtE!ltg(;~ nr tJ tIH~tff=f~ ffi            0                    ffC ' lli,~~*~zrnJl1@pnr J 140 5t:fJi'              0


J:: ' EB::W:F5~Jti11:±1f1tJljfE~r*~1*J                           Z ' .*~~:±~1tJIj~~~~7t!?f' wr1f
~*~¥**.*~~~¥*~.~~~~                                              ~~.mfi~.~.~¥*W'$1f'$
;fJ~ (Ausdifferenzierung) , ~~~                                                        , ilfi300~~~~tBtEm.
~~ffi**~¥*~.~~¥*~~~~~                                            ~'~~~~~nl¥J~~~~--~~
~~mfi1*.W'M~'~~~~~~                                                                    'J!:1i::;fffifio
-.I¥J'~*~'~*~~l!&.~~                                                   ~?J 7{--1181 ~~I¥J:± *,lllMil-*
                                                                                                  , {~~I¥J±~mtJJtf1.
~J::=1fft&~*.J::I¥J~~Tlno                                                                      r-T_-",= trlt*~~*ll '
                                                                                                          ,



Watson ~*~l!1i::ffi~f181                                         ~fI7f~z      -r ' ~J!jtilY'*t.£~~~~fJ;ijl4l
, Y'*'B'" '   :$ffiIj~~Jl1ffijlJ~1¥J   '   ~lI:'J-l.-rrtt1        !~~m.~fi%~~*~.~                                   •••
~1t~~tJ.::t:t~:!{          0   IZSIrLt~vmT                              o     if*J::~ 5ll!;    , ~ ~f!J~ T ~ 1'$ $tl tic i¥J
~~~l¥Jm.~~o~~~~~*~~                                              ~.mIf'Fji[~               ,   il6\{i'Fi~JU: 1.%~J::~
~~~'~~&nrU~~~~~~rm~                                              ~lE~:tLl!             '   J&~~${t(1f'            2./8.:titm.
~.~,~mfE~E:tL~~¥*M~A*                                            ~~~~.~m.~@Ff'l:±If~~
*~ftgUnr      0                                                  ~!/Ui:~~§!T6~1lt~~mmg(;tzrl § ftJJtf%~
    . m:tE-Jifli~:wJ~U{7rJI¥J~.flFfs1t~                          ~f#~~tflJ~Wr~                    ,   J1J~~U{7tl~~:t-El
~.l!$~.,~¥*~.~~~*.m                                                     ~~~~~±~!f:m~1tlj ,{R~Jm.
~.= •• =~W~W~'~M.'EB                                             ~l!..                           ~~~'~Am:tE~
~~ft'1i::fi1};fj1~filffi-~~~'                                    ~BE~NR~r.M~~J 'W~A

139) 	 'M'~ , gf; input    ffiJrg~?!(m, *~~/f~l~~01.k:                   '                      , gf; output     ffiJrg~*
       m'  *mi.*§~{f1i~7Y::tifCf~~ 0
140) 	 §*l¥.~%ir '             , ~12-14J(                    0


141) 	 ~fk~m.~~~~~1Um*l*'gJi*~~·fk'g, ~!5:f\;*' $;J!f. , l!&m.~i)tt~ , (t(1M;t£:
      m79~~ 2 ~ , *i*11mil®~~~ , 'Mi%'fI!fcIq},lJf:itrz                            0


142)                    r1fJrte~~tG-g~1JJ (Konsensfahigkeit) ,                         m1tmtWfift '       :rr.~~~~t!;~
       1¥~1.k:7EIq}t1H!~~nltit~~I¥~~rte 0 ~m1 Esser, wr~ , Vorverstandnis, S. 87; Zip·
       pelius ]!!~:g~m:1!fi:~1JtGfnE~~*t1c7EtGitt!;tt{t<i1f:! ~~ Larenz *c.~., 1973,
       S. 298 fr.

                                                     -207­
1fJsJumJJEfJ~~7        0                                                 *
                                                      lfJ ' 	$lj Wq ~ ;JJ 1¥J iii III
                                                             *~'§'"Wr~~153 ' 154MW¥~~~~
    ~M~='$iJl~         , R1m;g:iL TImEi~
~~~~~R.E-~,~~m~~~                                            '=:J-+-I=-'       n~~~EfJ~~tttf!§"~
17IJ*.~~m-1lI1t~~*jll:B~~:'&7                         ~ffl,{Ei~~~~*~~R~~~7E~
~~~EfJ l3 ~~tk11J!1f3t143      , ='~~~.ll.            *~'g;~~~~1m~~~~~=':i#:'
                                                      ~-*~~~-~~~&I~~me~~~
~*.~~,~~~~~m:~~.~                                     i:j16'~ fi=ilfA !?t;~11 Jl;X.fA t7G""~17!Jrt ~~i'il'l,~

~ •• E~~EfJm~'~~ft~~~~                                _~~~           ,     ia5~EfJ~!l*            '    J1IJ~.ij;E,J1t
~~~~mmm~~~~M;~~mw                                     DZ~U{7tl~W11f$m                '   .!:>-.x,'ll'fErul"JlY~':;-r.I):;;:..{£

••• ~.M~'~~.E~~~ ••                                   ~~~~~~ljtkj~1ffl~lj{7tlW.~145                                    ,
ntH   0   ~OOfJj~%Ol:~1l8liJj~mtl~j!                  ~.ff"~~~~m-.ff~~W=.=
•• ~,~ft~~.~~•• EfJ~~'                                ~l:Wf:w.m          146    ,   ~tf~~$~~Ij{7lJ1il
Jt~1j{7lJ~E 1J1~1*~~.EfJt4!*u (~~                     .,m~l:~~.~~~~~WJ.-~
~.~~~EfJ~M.~~.~WB)                             ,       o	   !It 7J.. .m ~EfJ fJj ~ RIJ : ~Ij {7tl}€lnR:JJ EfJ
ffZ'WJ$~~tt'~$~E~~'M
*r~i1:~~~{j£
.~~W,.~~
ffU~~1r:ffblj&{f;jt
                      ..
                     , ll6\~V1E~it1:. ' {Ei~

                       ,
~ft • • • ~,~3~M • • ~.~ft
                            ~~~*:.~
                                           ,
                                                      ~?
                                                               ? ~~jgJJj~ ? ~1j{7tl~~@'~~EfJ~~

                                                              ~*~~ J& 1% 7E ~ W
                                                      .~~~~,~~~~,m~'
                                                      a~~~mm~.~*ttz~~~,W
                                                                               JiOCEfJ !fIJ17IJ.ti
                                                                                                                    fA.

~,~~§~.~~~~ro*~EfJ~~                                  ~z~~=!fU{7IJ~~ J                        147 ,     ~!f!j~mifiQ:
~~.*~MEfJ~~'~~~~~~.                                   EfJ~~/&£~_~.ll.m-                                                EfJZp.
~~~~n,{Ei.&1fm~~JJ~~~                                 w J~, ~11--~~'R-              , m~~~~EfJ~$~ 1'L
 'm~~~~.1f~~.~~~ft~~                                  ~!l:t.~~.{~*Jj                       , WJtZ7 iJFWWl¥J
~~tliif:*o                                              f ~U-o/fJ~i\Uf:$~~~J ! .tt:q.m:~J¥
      1m' ~~7~U~EfJ1*~t1~~~~                          $fi.~~&~~~.~m.JJ~~~
mff~$.**~m~'~$M~~~                                    ~148     0   ~fia$~m n'D~'g;1*m !fU{7lj.~
~~~~~~'~~M~OO~EfJ~~~                                  ~UZ~~1fif            '   ~F~ff.~ rr!fU{7IJ~~ Jl
~m-~m~$*~~~Wm~~~fflo                                  ~'~'~~~h.~~'~.~~$~z~m

 143) 1UjJJ::~Ijf,RJf~~U~J1li.~rntE~~ ,                         , Pf!;16~ 0
 144)                         , M14J( ;                            0


 145) 	                       , Pf!;15~ 0
 146) §*~~ir'                 , ~iLJ(.I;rF 0
 147)                         , m+-J( ; IRJJft '     , m12~ ; ;IHkJll '       0


 148) 	11'~~j17g*8kJ;lfptErn~*!¥**~~*1J7~1fHifil8kJ:f~nX:~ , fi§;**U7,1J~~-~il1~Hfi:
          ~ft;i5C8kJ!,<;~U.R~~~   , I1'p#OO~rg?{} ,                                          , 1:!l/~jr~i7{E~j~JlW
          mJ::R'9J!~4're±.~   .. m~**{¥1Jflt '         Neumayer ?X. ,:tX;~ RabelsZ 34 (1970),
          S.416.

                                               -208 

m~rm~IE?f&z~I]~J                  149,   ~ij;(;M~   !   ~~fi~~7!~m.~.~~~~,~
~~OOfr~~OO~m~,*~~*~~                                                ( {1IJ Jff: ~ -    ~)     JJ\ 1m   0   ;fI~i€ 1:
~~~~~~~~~oR~~.mft~                                      ,~*~oo~~.m~.'A~~.@
M.*.~mfi~(~~~~~~~OO                                     ~~~±~M~'%~~~~~nB~
*~) 1£I1t.iW'llJf~%nX;~r~_l1grrJ                        ~-ilt7!~         , ~~{~~i!f-~79J)J1i$T!~
L~~~4~-~~m~n'~4~~                                       ~ •• ~'~7G~7t~~~~~.%,
~~~~~~m,m~~~*~~~~                                       13~~11I~1j~155          0


Jt~   0   *~QI1t   ' ~lj~~)(~~WlHhfZ~                   pq , 	$Ij19lJ!Ii*,J~~
~~WJ7!~rnJ~tt~tEm150                     0
                                                                 {I}~~IJ~J~;t'tft!! ~IHm 1m            1* tt1c
                                                                                                           0

~ , 	 ~:fp!li ElIIJ{t
                                                        '~~M~~~H1*.~~~~~*~
      ~~ro*n~~~1:.U~:;(P~~ftf                       '   =f~~±~l)r~J!J~~J:trfm3CJifilJ~
~IJ~ 13 ~7G~{frJ7}151         ,   ~!EB3~~~~~            ~~7GJE156        ,   ~~i€1iUrdi:~ilj~/I1:!¥J~tJ
~~13mIitl~~m~rm~                      , ~1PPJUi]1           , ~*L~~1f::~~T*.~m~ffijlii
           ,   *jnX;~~    ,   PJi$t~~±~1fflj~           ~m~n'~~*$7tm~r'm~~
-MruHi7~~*152       0    y-. '    1i~~U{frJ~~­          M~m~~M~~.~7G.~~-.*
BA~tttt!ZSl~~~~~rm7GJl, T fi.l¥153                      OmOO.m.~;fI~*7tfi:.IE~~
, J;t$gm '~13~~~1X£~*~fE. '0                            *n~~ill~OO~m~'M~~R~ill
~I1t.~.~~rM.~JU&~~~                                     ~mfli~fti:im.~
                                                                   (BesHitigungshilfen)
~u.~rl3~~J ,~.~~**~                                     '~I1t,m~zOO&~.~'.~~~
*~~~o~~.~,                               ,~,~,          3C~~1*PJ~O*~13* • • l~~.
~~~~~~m*B~~~&~nX;.'                                     ~fi~OOrm.~~.~.~J ,~~
1tmMl~{J11'E~fi{(m.fJt            '   I~~~;?{L          ~7G~'gffi£~lj{frJ1f::       f:fm3CJ   ~~       0


~~~        ,   1W~.~+7t~a154                 0                   ~~~~~, .~IJ{9tli£i]I~~~11!t
      ~~~U17tl~~~~WI&n~rJJ~                         ,   Mil:~~1lt~:ilJlm¥157              ,   ~$;t;~        rfti:m
149)                  , ~lY3ifif~~ ,
150) 	~1f-*Jtt~~~1±Imi~jtR:Bifl31£;;fi!i1i 0
151) 	~OO Kramer, .1n- Rodig Iii Aus Studien zu einer theorie der Gesetzgebung,
      1976, S. 722 if.
152) 	ibid. S. 725 f.
153) ~Htr Watson l!l!iu 0
154) '"t1J~~$1t*f. Erltr1t.-~i1:~1iff~BlIf~ Steinmuller Iii: ADV und Recht, Einfu­
      hrung in die Rechtsinformatik und das Recht der Informationsverarbeitung,
      1976 ; ttWfitJ3itr{t.*7F~~~ 'tm Wieacker 3t ' .~ Caemmerer *B~~ 1978
      S.45 	 if.
155) 	~~Jt~~fJ,}i'@J:&~n~9-\~~.tf ,~OO Larenz wr~ , S. 426 f.
156) 	tm?iFJ:iklilttf ' ~~~~ ,        3llii ' ~HtH::;J(      0


157) 	 ~~\lJC*~'gir~~~m1it~Wll~~~~**{tmJE' {I!{&~WmI71 , 172~LmfE
          !l!Ri~~~o

                                                    -209­
            /F1f{EEfJ~{!?k:           ,   ~1J{7tlJEi!J-::-{)1IJ.lr                  ¥t"Jt~ -fijlfj%     '   ~tfij~ 1f±~'&            '
1ff~:tf{E       ? )1i{E~*~~$:)lQ/Ff(: J! 158                           ~~~D~~~/Ft~~~,.~~~
,                                     174 ~m~~~4t                      ~]!$U{7tl~~*:~ur;               13               '    /F~tf{nJ
~~.~~ • • ~EfJ~~~7~~~~                                                                      ~m~¥f1JU~~           ,   ffJtIJI3P~=i*
~k      '           rE~~~4tZft~=*                                                       ri&~l~J       (1'-~~-~-r-~{~)
, ~:mH9 ~ ,            1J+~"'I"'K_'""'l'!"'                            m    lSI
                                                                                        0   ili1lEl~~W-~%Mm7i§i~::m:1!il::~
~~~.~~~Z~m                                        ,{)1~~~~             -~~$~~~lJlj                      0   v;;;~,.,q.:;.~

J '=**~Z/F~~~ffl~'ili~7n                                               fi~~~~-~~$~~&~~'ili*
     ~~!~!~~~~~'~~ili~~~~.                                             ~1'r~~~~~.~~~~-~QS.
~o                                                                     ~~~~ (1'-~.78,                       79H {~)          0


~~m'-Jmi1J*j{tiM~                             (#.) ,                   ~~/F~~~~~~fi~~~~1f-~
.IMM~.~~~~~M%./F~~                                                     1*$~~                   r~~~J        1"~""n:E.;.c::
     o/F~{E~~4t*ill{1Piltr'~1'r{)1~                                             ,   lE~Q/F~.lr~~1*~ftIJkm~~~
~M~~~                                             ~~~   •• ~                    (1'-~.62{~) ITfI~m~l~$~fi~
l¥J~ttmJ~~tl~                ,                                         ~~1!:t ' ili~~~I§5fI                      '
ll::lHj;;~~J&:~~lt                ' tm*~~Jj                                                    , tm~~m.lr~{7rJ '             ~J!/F~
                                                                            a
 ,~.~~~4t~~.Jj~.~'§~                                                    I6I o                   1*~~~4tM~*~~,~1*
130JE~~             (contra legem)                0                     ~ffl.m~~a,m~~±.~~J&:~
T' $IJ19UfifW.                                                          /F~I§][J9*              m' ~ ll:t mf-¥$4 $U1J!J A'sTm ~
                       ~r5CM~~mm{,%m~ff~ 
                             ~*~~~R:tf~-'~ITfI*~~~1*
~o                                                    'D~~ 
            $J!m~~~~(.~.77{~)~Pj~~
~~~~~~.~'~~~~~*M~                                                     
 *1*1'r-fr~1t9t-.~~~m_5~~jfmmE ?
;tlj 1J!Jm it ~U ~ ~~3z ~ 1.m {iiI , 
                                   (~~.78 , 79H ~)
.oolintt A~*159      ~~OO'

                        0                                                           ~.V(~1lEl!ll~            ,   ~\~)t;7.J&~
'3t r'Jj ~~M ~JfiJ~!(rm Jj ~;m tV,I] ~ ,                                1*~~fi~~~~~lj1J!J                            rMf-¥J      'I-l-I-L.F\


~xtm{iiI?iltr~~*-J!'.~~~~                                               ~/F~~*~1'r-fr~D~~mf-¥.otm
     , W19tH~f1fjfi~~ I,,);;],-V-...­
/F.~,160                                                                iltrm~,a~~~~~~~-M~~~
*J      '~~"*DjtK&?                                                      r*jt- -m~-~.Jl---+mft!J
            f?1JM   r1~JH!ki'1i"~~*Wf~fifi3'E~f?1JJ ~~~43~~~~                                    , {tR~~~1~~17IJ!~lZ~fYi
            ~fir*,nf?1J{J}~ilJtZ~1t1~J1Ht9~J!U!tUfl~f§ , M                                          1180 , 47~§l:* 1771 ~

    159) 	                         , 79~                         0


    160) 	 JttmJt,t~~Bt43ij::Ml:*m1194~~~17tJ~~~m~090~                                              *I¥JM~~~~WG25~~G
            :rm 1398~Mt;1li~                  0


    161) 	·~OO~*ftl 154~M~ml1ffi:1f;jd*'g7F!qJ~J!il                                 0


    161a) ~~~$5}ffi!f~~Qi[~~~: rI1:§~~ff.;\'{S~~~Ifit~J ~rgg]60~fJJJlfi ' ftl263J{                                               0



                                                                     210­
     -

     N
     N

     I
•


								
To top