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Basic Anatomy Worksheet Basic Structure of the Body Worksheet hemiplegia

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Basic Anatomy Worksheet Basic Structure of the Body Worksheet hemiplegia Powered By Docstoc
					                      Basic Structure of the Body Worksheet
                             Unit 6:6 Nervous System
Read the information on the circulatory system. Answer the following questions.

1. Name six systems of the body.
__________________,____________________,____________________,
__________________, ____________________, and _____________________.

2.__________________ is the basic structural unit of the nervous system.

3.__________________ is a mass of nerve tissue protected by the brain.

4. Name the two main divisions of the nervous system.

5. Identify the following diseases that affect the nervous system. Use words from
  the following word bank. Words may be used once, more than once, or not at
  all.

      cerebral palsy                  hydrocephalus            Parkinson’s Disease
      cerebrovascular accident        meningitis               quadriplegia
      encephalitis                    multiple sclerosis       shingles
      epilepsy                        neurlagia
      hemiplegia                      paraplegia

A.__________ A. Paralysis of all four extremities
B.__________ B. Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles
C.___________C. Abnormal electrical impulses in the neurons of the brain resulting in seizures
D.__________ D. Inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus, bacterium, or chemical
                  agent
E.___________ E. Damage to the brain caused by a blood clot or hemorrhage
F.___________ F. Acute inflammation of nerve cells caused by the herpes virus, which also
                  causes chicken pox
G.___________G. Paralysis on one side of the body
H.___________H. Chronic, progressive, disabling condition resulting from a degeneration of
                  the myelin sheath in the central nervous system
I.____________ I. Immediate treatment with a thrombolytic drug can restore blood flow
J. ___________ J. Disturbance in involuntary muscle action caused by brain




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                                 Unit 6:8 Circulatory System
Read the information on the circulatory system. Answer the following questions.


1. Cells required for clotting process are the ___________________.

2. Cellls that fight infection are the___________________.

3. The fluid portion of the blood is called the ____________________.

4. _________________ are the blood vessels that carries blood away from the heart.

True-false:

T     F       The right atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs.
T     F       Capillaries allow oxygen and nutrients to pass through to the cells because their
              walls contain only one layer of cells.
T     F       Arrhythmias are abnormal heart rhythms caused by weak heart muscle.
T     F       Hypotension is high blood pressure.
T     F       An aneurysm is a ballooning out or a saclike formation on the wall of an artery.
T     F       Anemias are low white blood cell counts.
T     F       Atherosclerosis occurs when fatty plaques are deposited on the walls of the
              arteries.
T     F       Angioplasty is used to remove or compress deposits in arteries or to insert a stent
              to allow blood flow.
T     F       Phlebitis is an inflammation of a vein.
T     F       A thrombus is a blood clot.
T     F       If hypertension is not treated; it can cause permanent damage to the heart, blood
              vessels, and kidneys.
T     F       Varicose veins are dilated, swollen veins that have lost elasticity and cause stasis,
              or decreased blood flow.




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                                  6:10 Respiratory System
Read the information on the Respiratory System. Answer the following questions.


1. Describe what is happening during each of the following phases of respiration. Be
   sure to include the actions of the muscles during each phase.

   a. inspiration:

   b. expiration:

2. How does external respiration differ from internal respiration?


3. Use the names of respiratory diseases to fill in the blanks.

          _R_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (inflammation of bronchi and bronchial tubes)

 _ _ _ _ _ E_ _ _ (highly contagious viral infection)

    _ _ _ _S_ _ _ _ (inflammation of mucous membrane lining sinuses)

        _ _P _ _ _ _ _ _ (walls of alveoli deteriorate and lose their elasticity)

       _ _ I _ _ _ _ _ _ (a nosebleed)

   _ _ _ _ R _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (infectious lung disease caused by bacteria)

 _ _ _ _ _ A (bronchospasms narrow the openings of the bronchioles)

_ _ _ _ _ _ T _ _ (inflammation of nasal mucous membranes)

         _ O _ _ (any chronic lung disease that results in obstruction of the airways)

   _ _ _ _ R _ _ _ (inflammation of membranes of the lungs)

     _ _ _ Y _ _ _ _ _ _ (inflammation of the voice box and vocal cords)

4. A person you love is a heavy smoker. Briefly discuss at least four (4) respiratory diseases
   that are caused by smoking. Is there any way you can convince this person to quit smoking?
   (Choose one of the four respiratory diseases and research for your next medical read.)

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                                 Unit 6:5 Muscular System
Read the information on the Muscular System. Answer the following questions.

1. List the three (3) main kinds of muscles and the main function of each kind.




2. List the four functions of skeletal muscles.



3. What is a contracture?


  Name the joints affected most frequently by contractures.



4. Unscramble the following words to identify some diseases of the muscular system. Then give
   a brief description of each disease.
      a. LUMCSE PASMSS:

      b. CASMULRU PTSDOHYRY:

      c. YAHMTNSIEA RVGISA:

      d. RISATN:

      e. GIBOYLFIRAMA:




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                                       UNIT 6:4 SKELETAL SYSTEM


1. List five (5) functions of bones.




2. Name and compare the three classifications of joints by describing the type of motion
   allowed by each

       A. classification: _____________ motion: ______________________________________________

       B. classification: _____________ motion: ______________________________________________

       C. classification: _____________ motion: ______________________________________________


3. Give one example of each joint classification that you listed in question 2.




4. Briefly describe the following diseases or disorders of the skeletal system.
        a. arthritis:

       b. fractures:

       c.osteomyelitis:

       d. osteoporosis

       e. sprain:

       f. bursitis:

       g. dislocation:

       h. scoliosis:




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