Kitchen - PowerPoint

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					          Architectural room
            design factors
   Kitchen                         Workshop
   Dining                          Porch / Deck
   Family room                     Lanais
   Bedroom                         Utility
   Bathroom                        Storage
   Dens / office                   Traffic Area
   Garage

                    Western Christian Tech
   Function
      Preparation of food

   Location
        near service entrance.
      Children’s play area should be visible from the kitchen.

      Adjacent to dining area and outdoor eating areas.

   Size and shape
      U-shaped, Peninsula, L-shaped, Corridor, One-wall, Island, Family.

      Average size family kitchen is 15’ X 15’.(dining not included)

   Considerations.
      hard surfaced floor, good ventilation, oven and range should be
        separated by at least one cabinet, working heights for a table is 30”,
        work triangle between 12’ and 21’, adequate storage facilities,
        electrical outlets for each work center, good lighting.

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                     Dining Room
   Function
      To provide a place for the family to gather for breakfast, lunch, or
        dinner in both casual and formal situation
   Location
      Placed adjacent to the kitchen. Should require few steps from kitchen

      Placed between kitchen and living area

   Size and Shape
      Determined by the size of the family

      Should be planned to accommodate the largest group that will dine in
      Usually a rectangular shape. No short walls

   Considerations
      Large furniture. Tables, walk space, china cabinets.

      Local lighting directly over the dining room table

      A dining room table that expands

                              Western Christian Tech
                    Family Room
   Function
      Room to provide the facilities for a family-center activities
       such as movie room, children’s playroom, hobby room, or
       music room.
   Location
      If living room is present, usually located downstairs.

      Away from quiet area.

      Accessible but not visible from the rest of the living area.
       Adjacent to the kitchen.
   Size and Shape
       Minimum 200 square feet. It is usually square or rectangular
   Considerations
       It needs resilient floors. Use paneling or tile on walls because
       it has less damage. It has to have a lot of storage.

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   Function
      Provide facilities for sleeping, writing, reading, sewing,
       listening to music, and relaxing.
   Location
      Quiet part of the house,

      Close to the bathroom.

   Size & Shape
      A minimum bedroom is 100 square feet. (closets not included)

      A normal bedroom is 100 to 200 square feet. Shape is usually
       rectangular or square.
   Considerations
      Should have noise reducers, such as carpet and curtains.
       Should have good ventilation.
      Should have closet suiting your own personal needs.

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   Function
      Other than the obvious, it’s a place to bathe, dress, exercise,
       and possible laundering.
   Location
      Should be quickly accessible from all bedrooms.

   Size & Shape
      Master bath should be separate.

      Main floor needs at least ½ bath if only master bedroom

   Considerations
      Should have good ventilation, heater, medicine cabinet, and a

                            Western Christian Tech
                    Dens and Office
   Function
        Reading room, writing room, hobby room, or professional office
   Location
       Considered part of the sleeping area because it may require quietness
       Considered part of the living area and should be accessible from the main
   Size And Shape
       Varies with what the den/study will be used for
       Used privately or meeting place
       Small enough for just a desk and chair, or big enough for all the furnishings you
   Considerations
       Décor should reflect the main activity
       Glare-proof lighting
       Windows above eye level should bring in the maximum light available without
        the eye level distractions
       Placed adjacent to the kitchen. Should require few steps from kitchen
       If not in the family room, should be located next to it
       Placed between kitchen and living area

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   Function
       It is an enclosed structure to protect an automobile.
   Location
      It can be attached or unattached to the house or building.

       If attached it is usually located near the kitchen
   Size And Shape
      Varies with what the den/study will be used for

      Used privately or meeting place

      Small enough for just a desk and chair, or big enough for all
       the furnishings you need
   Considerations
      They should have a sloped floor for drainage. They also need a
       driveway with enough space for guest’s cars to park on.

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   Function
       Used for activities like hobbies or home maintenance or care
   Location
      They are generally located in the basement, garage, separate
       room, or another building nearby Size And Shape
   Size And Shape
      Size depends on size and number of tools and supplies inside.
       It also depends on the amount of workspace and benches
       needed. It should be planned for expansion.
   Considerations
      Floors should be smooth for easy cleanup. Exhaust fans and
       glossy tiled walls eliminate dust buildup. There should also be
       enough insulation to create a sound barrier.

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                             Porch / Deck
   Function
       Performs outdoors all the functions that the kitchen, living room, dining room, rec room, and
        family room perform indoors.
       Others are used as an entrance to a house.
       May be divided into three different parts: living patios, play patios, and quiet patios
   Location
       Front and rear of homes around entrances for shelter.

   Size And Shape
        Vary from very large sizes, to a small shelter over a door.
        Depends upon how the porch can be integrated into the home.
        A porch that is 6'x8' is considered small, and a porch that is 12'x18' is considered rather large.
   Considerations
        The lines of the porch should be consistent with the lines of the house.
        It should be designed as a integral and functional part of the total structure.
        Various materials can be used for the railings, depending on the degree of privacy or sun and
         wind protection.
        The sides of the porch should provide adequate ventilation and offer semi-privacy and

                                         Western Christian Tech
   Function
         provide shelter for the traffic access on the exterior of the building.
        Exterior hallways. Lanais that are located parallel to exterior walls are usually
         created by extending the roof overhang to cover a traffic area.

   Location
        In residence a lanai can be used most effectively to connect opposite
        areas of a home. Lanais are commonly located between the garage and the kitchen,
         the patio and the kitchen of the living area, and the living area and the service area.
         U-shaped buildings are especially suitable for lanais because it is natural to connect
         the extremes of the U.

   Size And Shape
        Lanais may extend the full length of a building and may be designed maximum
         traffic loads. They may be as small as the area under a 2' or 3' roof overhang.
         However, a lanai at least 4' wide is desirable.

   Considerations
        Consistent, integral part of the design of the structure.
        Columns supporting the overhang also provide a visual boundary without blocking
         the view.

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                        Utility room
   Function
       Includes facilities for washing, drying, ironing, sewing, and storing
       household cleaning equipment.

   Location
      Keep water sources consistant between levels.
      Can be located in a separate laundry area, a kitchen, or in a closet,
       basement, porch, or garage

   Size And Shape
      Average size needed is about 100 square feet. Washer and dryer
        should be located next to each other

   Considerations
      The appliances and working spaces should be arranged in the order in
       which they are used. Can have humidifiers and air purifiers o

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   Design considerations
       Storage should be provided for any general things kept there.
       There should be storage in every room in the form of closets or cupboards.
       They should be adequate for the amount of things that will be stored while being a size and
        shape that is not an inconvenience to the rest of the room.
       They should have enough shelves and drawers to accommodate stored item. They also need
        to have good access with enough cabinet doors and cabinet’s that are not too deep.

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                                   Traffic Area
   Function
        The traffic areas of the home provide passage from one room or area to another.
   Location
        It should be centrally located in the house to get to all areas of the house.
   Size and Shape
        A minimum amount of space should be devoted to traffic areas. Extremely long halls are avoided through other
   Considerations
        3’ minimum width

        well lighted.

                                               Western Christian Tech