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									                                          CHAPTER TWELVE

                               THE BEGINNINGS OF MODERNISM



Discussion Questions

1.    Describe the basic characteristics of Neoclassical style.




2.    Using the elements and principles of composition—for example, line, form, and color—analyze Ingres’
      Grande Odalisque (Harem Girl).




3.    Using artworks from the text as examples, explain the basic characteristics of Romantic
      style.




4.    Describe the qualities of Romantic music, including a comparison with classical style.




5.    Discuss Romanticism in the theatre, including the issues of popularism and historical
      accuracy.




6.    Discuss Impressionism in music, including its characteristics, its principal composer, and
      his work.




                                                      104
Multiple Choice Questions

7.    In comparing the works of Hokusai and Hiroshige, both artists make use of deep space
      through linear perspective.
      a.       True
      b.       False

8.    The Kota tribe guardian figure exhibits which of the following characteristics?
      a.      Anatomical realism
      b.      Naturalism
      c.      Geometric style
      d.      All of the above

9.    When, according to the text, did the earliest chronicles of African American music
      appear?
      a.       1860s
      b.       1870s
      c.       1880s
      d.       1890s

10.   Which of the following represent categories of African American music?
      a.      Slave songs
      b.      Spirituals
      c.      Religious folk songs
      d.      All of the above

11.   Which of the following represents a major criterion for “art” in Native American culture?
      a.      Usefulness
      b.      Portability
      c.      Tradition
      d.      Wealth

12.   According to the text, a basic character of Inuit art is humor.
      a.      True
      b.      False

13.   According to the text, which of the following represents a characteristic of Northwest
      Coastal Native American art?
      a.       Totem pole worship
      b.       Bilateral symmetry
      c.       Supernatural relationships
      d.       All of the above




14.   Which of the following is contained in the Native American story “Nedawi”?
      a.      Ethnocentric detail
      b.      An amoral attitude
      c.      Appeal to White audiences
      d.      All of the above

15.   Antonio Canova’s sculpture Venus Victrix displays which of the following qualities?
      a.      Roman inspiration

                                                       105
      b.       Similarity to Michelangelo
      c.       Non-realistic details
      d.       All of the above

16.   Benjamin Latrobe’s Catholic cathedral in Baltimore is totally Greek in its elements.
      a.     True
      b.     False

17.   The Belamy Mansion in Wilmington, North Carolina was a product of which of the
      following?
      a.       Slave labor
      b.       Post-Civil War styling
      c.       Plantation architecture
      d.       A Yankee architect

18.   Which of the following may be said about Goya’s painting The Third of May 1808?
      a.      It is anti-Spanish.
      b.      It is naturalistic.
      c.      It has strong value contrasts.
      d.      All of the above

19.   Rosa Bonheur’s Plowing in the Nivernais could be described by which of the following?
      a.     Realistic and Romantic
      b.     Monumental
      c.     Precision in execution
      d.     All of the above

20.   Which of the following describes Romantic sculpture?
      a.      Uniformity of style
      b.      Ecclecticism
      c.      A distinguished character
      d.      All of the above

21.   William Wordsworth’s poetry was which of the following?
      a.      Epic
      b.      Aristocratic
      c.      Highly surrealistic
      d.      Mystical


22.   Jane Austen’s work can be described as which of the following?
      a.      Aristocratic
      b.      Banal
      c.      Optimistic
      d.      All of the above

23.   The term lied is synonymous with which of the following?
      a.      Art song
      b.      Melody
      c.      Chorale
      d.      Tonality

24.   According to the text, who was the most important composer of lied?
      a.      Franz Liszt
      b.      Franz Schubert
      c.      Frédéric Chopin
      d.      Hector Berlioz

                                                     106
25.   Which of the following describes “The Erlking”?
      a.      Through-composition
      b.      A religious text
      c.      Lyricism
      d.      A subordinate piano part

26.   The Romantic period in music led to the development of a focus on the piano.
      a.     True
      b.     False

27.   Franz Liszt’s compositions may be described by which of the following?
      a.       Hungarian folk themes
      b.       Technically simple
      c.       Expressive
      d.       All of the above

28.   Compared to Franz Liszt, Chopin’s music was which of the following?
      a.     More difficult
      b.     More florid
      c.     More restrained
      d.     All of the above

29.   Chopin’s Études were which of the following?
      a.      Violin compositions
      b.      Technical explorations
      c.      Lengthy
      d.      All of the above



30.   Which of the following describes Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique?
      a.      It utilizes an idée fixe.
      b.      It is a love story.
      c.      It is program music.
      d.      All of the above

31.   What is the form of the first movement of Brahm’s Symphony No. 3 in F major?
      a.       Rondo
      b.       Sonata
      c.       Allegro con brio
      d.       Suite

32.   Who composed the “1812 Overture”?
      a.     Brahms
      b.     Chopin
      c.     Tchaikovsky
      d.     Berlioz

33.   According to the text, Franz Liszt invented the term “symphonic poem”.
      a.      True
      b.      False

34.   Who wrote A German Requiem?
      a.     Brahms
      b.     Chopin
      c.     Schubert

                                                     107
      d.       Mendelssohn

35.   Which of the following is true of opera during the Romantic era?
      a.      It appealed only to the upper classes.
      b.      It was composed only in Grand Opera style.
      c.      It featured the bel canto style.
      d.      It slavishly followed classical principles.

36.   The aria “La donna è mobile” is from what opera?
      a.       The Trojans
      b.       The Huguenots
      c.       The Barber of Seville
      d.       Rigoletto

37.   Who wrote the opera Aida?
      a.     Verdi
      b.     Wagner
      c.     Meyerbeer
      d.     Rossini



38.   Which composer is most famous for the use of the leitmotif?
      a.     Verdi
      b.     Wagner
      c.     Meyerbeer
      d.     Rossini

39.   The demand for historical accuracy in the 19th-century theatre led to which of the following?
      a.     Drop and wing scenery
      b.     The box set
      c.     The raked stage
      d.     All of the above

40.   In writing about Romantic ballet, who said that dance showed “beautiful forms in
      graceful attitudes”?
      a.       Théophile Gautier
      b.       Carlo Blasis
      c.       Marie Taglioni
      d.       Marius Petipa

41.   According to the text, what was the first truly Romantic ballet?
      a.      La Sylphide
      b.      Swan Lake
      c.      Robert the Devil
      d.      The Nutcracker

42.   According to the text, what was the height of Romantic achievement in ballet?
      a.      Robert the Devil
      b.      The Revolt in the Harem
      c.      Giselle
      d.      La Sylphide

43.   What term means “light entertainment” in ballet?
      a.      Arabesque
      b.      Fouetté
      c.      Relevé

                                                     108
      d.      Divertissement

44.   Which of the following statements describes Romantic architecture?
      a.      It can be Picturesque.
      b.      Its exterior walls can act as a screen.
      c.      It can display structural honesty.
      d.      All of the above




45.   Who designed the Houses of Parliament?
      a.      John Nash
      b.      Sir Charles Barry
      c.      Sir Joseph Nash
      d.      Gustave Courbet

46.   Who painted The Stone Breakers?
      a.     John Nash
      b.     Gustave Courbet
      c.     Edouard Manet
      d.     Henry O. Tanner

47.   Who painted Déjeuner sur l’herbe?
      a.     Gustave Courbet
      b.     Edouard Manet
      c.     Claude Monet
      d.     Berte Morisot

48.   Who painted Au Bord de d’eau, Bennecourt (On the Seine at Bennecourt)?
      a.     Gustave Courbet
      b.     Edouard Manet
      c.     Claude Monet
      d.     Berte Morisot

49.   In Renoir’s painting, Moulin de la Galette, which of the following occurs?
      a.      A Sunday crowd
      b.      A Paris church
      c.      Closed composition
      d.      All of the above

50.   Who painted The Dining Room?
      a.     Berthe Morisot
      b.     Henry O. Tanner
      c.     Pierre Renoir
      d.     Claude Monet

51.   Who painted Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte?
      a.     Seurat
      b.     Cézanne
      c.     Gauguin
      d.     Van Gogh

52.   Who painted Harvest at La Crau?
      a.     Seurat

                                                    109
       b.       Cézanne
       c.       Gauguin
       d.       Van Gogh

53.    The painting, Mont Sainte-Victoire, can be described by which of the following?
       a.      Biomorphic
       b.      Geometric
       c.      Informal
       d.      Two-dimensional

54.    What is the most significant aspect of Van Gogh’s The Starry Night?
       a.       Its color
       b.       Its brushwork
       c.       Its value scale
       d.       Its objectivity

55.    The “whiplash” is an aspect best known in what style?
       a.      Romanticism
       b.      Art Nouveau
       c.      Impressionism
       d.      Post-impressionism

56.    According to the text, who was the first truly “modern” architect?
       a.      Antonia Gaudí
       b.      Frank Lloyd Wright
       c.      Howard Burnham
       d.      Louis Sullivan


Fill in the blanks

57.    The belief that a spirit exists in every living thing is called ________________________.

58.    A wide-ranging style and philosophy that emphasizes emotional appeal, personalization
       and imagination is called __________________________________________________.

59.    A solo musical composition for voice, usually with piano accompaniment is an _______.

60.    Music composed around a non-musical story, a picture, or some other idea is _________.

61.    A recurrent melodic motif representing a nonmusical idea is an ____________________.

62.    A mass of the dead is a ____________________________________________________.

63.    A comprehensive work of art in which music, poetry, and scenery are all subservient to
       the central generating idea is a ______________________________________________.

64.    A musical theme that is tied to an idea, a person, or an object is a __________________.

65.    A genre of theatre typically characterized by sensationalism and sentimentality, with
       stereotyped characters and exaggerated action is ________________________________.



                                                      110
66.   A style of painting and sculpture based on the theory that the method of presentation
      should be true to life is ____________________________________________________.

67.   A style in painting emphasizing the presence of color and the interrelated mechanisms of
      the camera and the eye is __________________________________________________.

68.   A very diverse and personal style of visual art typically concerned with capturing sensory
      experience and insisting on “art for art’s sake” and a return to form and structure is ____.

69.   A style of architecture characterized by the lively serpentine curve and a fascination with
      plant and animal life and organic growth is ____________________________________.

70.   An artistic manifestation believed to protect the remains of the dead is a _____________.




                                              111
Chapter Twelve—The Beginnings of Modernism

ANSWER SHEET

7.    a.   True
                                                 29.    b.   Technical explorations
8.    c.   Geometric style
                                                 30.    d.   All of the above
9.    a.   1860s
                                                 31.    b.   Sonata
10.   d.   All of the above
                                                 32.    c.   Tchaikovsky
11.   c.   Tradition
                                                 33.    a.   True
12.   b.   False
                                                 34.    a.   Brahms
13.   b.   Bilateral symmetry
                                                 35.    c.   It featured the bel canto style.
14.   a.   Ethnocentric detail
                                                 36..   d.   Rigoletto
15.   a.   Roman inspiration
                                                 37.    a.   Verdi
16.   b.   False
                                                 38.    b.   Wagner
17.   d.   A Yankee architect
                                                 39.    b.   The box set
18.   c.   It has strong value contrasts
                                                 40.    a.   Théophile Gautier
19.   d.   All of the above
                                                 41.    c.   Robert the Devil
20.   b.   Eclecticism
                                                 42.    c.   Giselle
21.   d.   Mystical
                                                 43.    d.   Divertissement
22.   c.   Optimistic
                                                 44.    d.   All of the above
23.   a.   Art song
                                                 45.    b.   Sir Charles Berry
24.   b.   Franz Schubert
                                                 46.    b.   Gustave Courbet
25.   a.   Through-composition
                                                 47.    b.   Edouard Manet
26.   a.   True
                                                 48.    c.   Claude Monet
27.   c.   Expressive
                                                 49.    a.   A Sunday crowd
28.   c.   More restrained




                                           114
50.   a.          Berthe Morisot

51.   a.          Seurat

52.   d.          Van Gogh

53.   b.          Geometric

54.   b.          Its brushwork

55.   b.          Art Nouveau

56.   d.          Louis Sullivan

57.   Animism

58.   Romanticism

59.   Art song

60.   Program music

61.   Idée fixe

62.   Requiem
63.   Gesamtkunstwerk

64.   Leitmotif

65.   Melodrama

66.   Realism

67.   Impressionism

68.   Post-Impressionism

69.   Art Nouveau

70.   Guardian Figure




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