Complete 2001 Book - BC GRAIN PRODUCERS ASSOCIATION

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					               B.C. GRAIN
               PRODUCERS
               ASSOCIATION



      FIELD CROP
VARIETY PERFORMANCE




       Planting Plots at Fort St. John
     Cereal Plots at Fort St. John

B.C. PEACE RIVER REGION
          2001
             PEACE RIVER AGRICULTURE
                DEVELOPMENT FUND




                      Ministry of
                   Agriculture, Food
                     and Fisheries
                                    BC Grain Producers Association
                                                 2001
                                    Field Crop Variety Performance
                                        BC Peace River Region

Introduction and Acknowledgements
This report summarizes the Field Crop Variety Performance Trials that are conducted by the Research Committee of the
BC Grain Producers Association, and is the result of funding and partnering with the following organizations:

                                     Investment Agriculture Foundation of BC
                                 BC Peace River Grain Industry Development Council
                                    Peace River Agricultural Development Fund

AGRICORE should also be recognized for their contribution of protein analysis and PEACE TRACTOR for their help
with our machinery needs, as well as BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries. We should all thank these
organizations for their financial support and or input to make our field-testing and the production of this book possible.
Special thanks are extended to the cooperators who have generously given their time and effort in support of the
variety and agronomic testing program. In 2001 the cooperators were:
                                              Dennis Meier, Dawson Creek
                                             Cameron Fines, Fort St. John
Further thanks goes out to the field and lab team who helped make this a successful year. They are Research Assistant
Colleen Giesbrecht, and Field Technicians Jeff Anderson and Dean Mattson.

This report, like past issues of “Field Crop Variety Performance Trials”, reports all regional trial results. Readers of this
report must interpret and use one-year data with considerable caution, particularly when viewing the scatter-point
graphs on yield and maturity. A variety more often than not changes position on the graph after additional results are
obtained, simply as the result of variable weather patterns averaged in over time. This publication reports the 2001
research results from both Dawson Creek and the Fort St. John site, with a summary of 1995-2001 data where available.

   This book is produced without bias and is reported to the best of our ability from data collected. It should only
   be used as a guide, and where labels are available with your product, always follow label directions.

For More Information Contact:
Clair F. Langlois Research Manager                                   Maurice Fines Chair - Research Committee
BC Grain Producers Association                                       BC Grain Producers Association
420 - 115 Ave., Bay 2,    Dawson Creek, BC                           P.O. Box 6004 Fort St.John, BC V1J 4H6
Tel: (250) 784-2247 FAX: (250) 784-2299                              Tel/FAX: (250) 785-4124

Ken Nickel, P.Ag. Prov. Grains & Oilseed Specialist                  Kerry Clark, P.Ag. Crop Protection Specialist
BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, Fort St. John        BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries
Tel: (250) 787-3240 FAX: (250) 787-3299                              Tel: (250) 784-2225 FAX: (250) 784-2299


                                                   Table of Contents
                   Interpreting Data           page 4             Triticale                         page 20
                   Site Information            page 5             Polish Canola                     page 21
                   CWRS Wheat                  page 7             Argentine Canola                  page 23
                   CPS / CWES Wheat            page 10            Field Peas                        page 29
                   Six Row Barley              page 12            Flax                              page 34
                   Two Row Barley              page 13            Summary of Trials                 page 36
                   Hulless Barley              page 13            Weather Information               page 37
                   Oats                        page 17            Seed Distributors                 page 42
                                                                  Good Seed
                                                                  The cost of certified seed is a small additional expense in
   BC Grain Producers Association                                 relation to total crop production input costs, especially
     Reference & Terminology                                      when changing to a different variety. Certified seed
                                                                  assures genetic purity, high germination rates and low
                                                                  percentage of other crop and weed seeds when compared
Station Years                                                     to common seed. Certified seed can be purchased in bulk
The number of station years that the variety has been             from authorized establishments.
tested can be seen in the Yield tables inside the square
brackets [ ]. A station year is one test site at one location     Seed Treatment
in one year. For example, a canola trial conducted at three       Choosing disease-resistant varieties and using certified,
locations over two years would be six station years. We           plump, treated seed goes a long way in the fight against
advise using caution if the data is based on less than six        plant disease. The cost of a fungicide or combined
station years in total, or three years at any given location.     fungicide/insecticide seed treatment is a small price to pay
                                                                  for the amount of protection they can provide. Treated
Interpreting Yield Results                                        seed must not contaminate grain delivered to an elevator
Yields this year are displayed as percentage of the check         or be used for feed.
varieties and as bushels per acre (bus/ac), where possible.       ♦ Cereal seed should be treated to control true loose
Yields here are the result of small plot production, and the      smut.
same level of production is unlikely to be achieved on a          ♦ Seed of rye, winter wheat and flax should be treated to
large-scale basis. Wet areas and variable soil fertility affect   control seedling blight. Winter wheat and rye also require
field scale production, in contrast to the research plots         protection against smut.
where consistency is attempted. The crops in this book are        ♦ Canola seed should be treated to control seed borne
managed using the same level of inputs as field sized             blackleg, damping off and early flea beetle attack.
recommendations would suggest, but small plots are
subject to edge effect. Edge effect is where the spaces           Ergot
around the individual plots allow the sun to penetrate,           Ergot can attack all varieties of wheat, barley, rye,
boosting yields, compared to the average plant that would         triticale, and most common species of grass. Oat
be shadowed by the surrounding plants in field scale              varieties are rarely attacked. Grain having 0.1% ergot is
production. The important concept here is that these              considered poisonous to livestock and should not be
effects are equal for all small plots in a given trial, and as    used as feed grain.
such we can therefore compare varieties in each trial and
look at resulting yields as relative to one another.              Seed Inoculation
Unfortunately statistics, which are vital, cannot be used on      Peas can make much of their nitrogen (N) requirement from
"percent of check variety". Thus we elected to show               the air through a partnership with soil bacteria called
bushels per acre this year, (where possible), for the sole        Rhizobium. The pea seed must be inoculated immediately
purpose of displaying statistical results. Treat all yields,      before seeding with a proper strain of bacteria specific to
(percent of check and bushels per acre), as relative.             peas. Rhizobium are living organisms so read the expiry
                                                                  date on the package and follow inoculant label directions
Agronomic information for the check variety has been              carefully. High soil nitrogen levels (over 60 kg N/ha) will
bolded in all the tables.                                         reduce nodulation. Cool, dry, or excessively wet soils,
                                                                  provide a harsh environment for proper inoculation and
Plant Breeders Rights                                             under these conditions, a low level of nodulation
The Plant Breeders’ Rights (PBR) gives plant breeders’            formation will be seen. Granular inoculant was used on all
“copyright” protection of a new variety for up to 18 years.       pea trials reported in this publication.
Once a variety has been granted PBR, the breeder has
control over the multiplication and sale of seed of a new         Seeding Rates
variety. The breeder can take legal action for damages if         While the following range of seeding rates has given
someone infringes on their right. Farmers may save some           equal yields for each crop in trials, experience has shown
seed for seeding the next year on their own farm. Sale of         that the top end of the range provides more consistent
the crop as seed for planting purposes is not allowed.            results. Risk can be reduced under conditions of stress
Some new transgenic herbicide tolerant varieties have             that impair emergence by increasing seeding rates. In
additional restrictions through ‘technical use agreements’.       addition, higher seeding rates can reduce the amount of
                                                                  secondary tillering, produce earlier and more uniform
Varieties protected by PBR can be identified by their PBR         maturity, and reduce the amount of green kernels.
logo on a seed bag, seed tag or advertising material.
Tests conducted by the Beaverlodge Research Station
several years ago throughout the Peace showed that by
increasing the seeding rate of wheat from 80 to 120                    BC Grain Producers Association
lbs/ac (90 to 134 kg/ha) that the time to maturity was                    2001 Growing Conditions
reduced by two days.

                                                               In the early spring of 2001, prior to planting and into the
             Suggested Rates of Seeding                        first two weeks of May, the south Peace region was
                                                               experiencing a drought situation, and the Dawson Creek
  Wheat            90 - 120 lb/ac       100 - 135 kg/ha        site was no exception. In contrast, the Fort St. John site
  CPS Wheat       130 - 180 lb/ac       145 - 200 kg/ha        was under good soil moisture, and in fact it was delaying
  Barley           75 - 100 lb/ac        85 - 110 kg/ha        field preparations. If you note the seeding depths listed
  Oats             70 - 90 lb/ac         85 - 100 kg/ha        on the chart on page 6, noting dates, you can see our
  Flax             26 - 40 lb/ac         30 - 35 kg/ha         attempts to reach a compromise at Dawson Creek
  Rye              65 - 85 lb/ac         73 - 95 kg/ha         between reaching soil moisture and planting too deep.
  Peas            150 - 300 lb/ac       165 - 330 kg/ha
  Polish Canola     5 - 8 lb/ac           6 - 9 kg/ha          The drought was short lived, and by late May and early
  Argentine Canola 5.5 lb/ac              6 kg/ha              June it was tough to stop the rain at either site. Water
                                                               saturated soils and cool temperatures in late spring -
                                                               early summer than hindered good seedling growth for all
Due to large differences in seed size with a crop like peas,
                                                               crops. Crops did recover at both stations as standing
seeding rates can vary considerably. A preferred way of
                                                               water was not a concern where any of the plots where
dealing with seeding rate is to base it on a target number
                                                               located. In fact, due to a lack of "ponding", the crops
of viable seeds per square foot. Using the 1000 kernel
                                                               took full advantage of the moisture and the warm
weights, adjusting for percent germination and allowing
                                                               temperatures in late July early August, to put out some
for seed decay (3%), calculate the number of pounds of
                                                               incredible yields.
seed required per acre.
                                                               Lodging was never a large issue surprisingly, (which can
Crop            Type        Seeds /         1000 K wt          be noted in the data); except strong winds during
                            sq.ft                              thunderstorms in July blew over all canola plots to a
  Wheat          CWRS         24 - 25       35 - 44 g          point it was pointless to do any lodging or height data.
              CPS/CWES        24 - 25       44 - 52 g          The canola rebounded somewhat prior to harvest, and
  Barley        6 Row         24 - 25       35 - 43 g          still managed to produce higher than normal yields for
               2 Row          24 - 25       44 - 53 g          the area.
  Oats                        24 - 25       38 - 47 g
  Rye                           24          30 - 35 g          Hail was plentiful in the south Peace region over the
  Peas                           8         200 - 345 g         summer of 2001, but all hail managed to miss the plots,
                                                               sometimes by less than half a mile.

                                                               Once mid August was here, the skies dried up across the
  Example                                                      entire BC Peace region, which made combining a snap,
                                                               but caused a hard pan to form on the soil surface,
  Target 8 pea plants per square foot, the variety has a       making fall field preparations and planting horrific on the
  1000 K wt. of 250 grams, and you estimate that               equipment.
  between seed decay and percent germination of the            This dry weather also played havoc with maturation of
  seed lot that you will have 90% of the seeds grow            argentine canola, delaying colour change and
  into healthy plants.                                         condensing any big differences between varieties at the
                                                               plots.
   8 plants/sq.ft x 250 (g/1000 K) x 10 = 222 lb/acre
             90 ( % )                                          Refer to the back of this report for a total weather report
                                                               via graphs. Clearly the excessive rainfall everyone was
         You would plant 222 lbs. of pea seed/acre.            reporting show true at both our research stations, but
                                                               especially at Dawson Creek, where it was well above
                                                               normal.
Interpreting Data

The yield for each variety is reported on a regional basis for the Dawson Creek and Fort St.John areas as
well as an average for the entire BC Peace. Also, the number of years each variety has been tested is given
for each of the two regions. In the following examples, the number of years is indicated in [ ] right after the
yield. "Station years" are the total number of times a variety has been tested in these trials.



   Six Row Barley                                                       Yield as % of Harrington

                                              Dawson Creek                        Fort St.John                 B.C. Peace
                                      2001          1993-2001             2001          1993-2001        2001     1993-2001
  Variety                 Type        Yield         Avg.Stn.Yrs.          Yield          Avg. Stn.Yrs.   Yield     Avg. Stn.Yrs.



 AC HARPER                feed                    113        [3]           125         105       [5]     125      109       [8]



                                                                Number of years the variety
                                                                was tested at each station



Statistical Values Entries into the Regional trials in 2001 were replicated (or repeated) four times at both
locations. The only exception is for peas at Fort St. John, replicated only three times, due to a lack of room.

Coefficient of Variance (CV value), is a number given as a percentage, that basically tells us how
statistically sound or reliable a given data set is. Generally, any value less than or equal to 15% is considered
to be acceptable or "sound" data. This means if you were to repeat the trial under similar conditions, you
would likely get the same results, or at least we are 95% confident that we would. We tend to be a little
more lenient on this 15% for such things as disease or insect data, as such things are normally highly
variable due the nature of the beast, but we do not like to see yield data from a single trial with a
high CV value. Anything less than 10% is considered excellent, which most of 2001 data is.

Least Significant Difference test (LSD value), are those little letters behind the data means. Basically,
if two or more data means (or averages) have the same letter behind their number, they are NOT significantly
different from one another according to statistics. Therefore means or averages with the same letter should
not be viewed as one being "superior" or "inferior" from the other or others of the same letter. LSD takes vari-
                                                                    ability into account, and compares "apples" to "apples".
Example:                     Dawson Creek                   In this example some people might think variety
                         2001       1993-2001               "Superdooper Y" is superior to variety "Super X"
Variety                 Yield         Avg. Stn.Yrs.         and "So-So 101". This is not true according, to
Super X                105 ab           102   [3]           statistics, "Superdooper Y" is superior to variety
Superdooper Y           107 a           105   [3]           "So-So 101", but is equivalent to "Super X" in yield
So-So 101               100 b            98   [2]           because both "Superdooper" and "Super X" have
Old Goody               95 c             97   [6]           the letters "a" with them. In this example "Super X"
                                                            is not superior (or significantly different), from variety
"So-So 101" either, as both have a "b" behind their means. Also, "Superdooper Y", "Super X", and "So-S o
101" are superior to, (or a better term is significantly different from), "Old Goody". Note in this report we only
have LSD values for 2001 data, and thus you should still take great notice of the long term averages. For any
varieties with less than three station years of data, you must compare data with caution.
                                          Fertilizer Rates
Fort St. John, B.C.          Legal Description: SW19 Tp84 R18 W6
Estimated available          Fertilizer   kg/            Product:                  Norwest Labs
        N    P    K     S    Applied       ha Placement Recom. vs. Applied         N P205 K2O     S

Canola
kg/ha    101   23 230   30    27-0-0-12     200   banded      Recommended =        53   30   55   28
lb/ac    114   26 259   34     6-26-30      150   banded      Actually applied =   57   38   55   21
pH 6.3                         12-52-0       30   in-furrow

Flax
kg/ha    101   23 230   30    20-0-0-24     105   banded      Recommended =        0    22   11   22
lb/ac    114   26 259   34     6-26-30      100   banded      Actually applied =   28   38   27   22
pH 6.3                         12-52-0       30   in-furrow

Cereals
kg/ha    109   29 413   53    20-10-10-5 250      banded      Recommended =        14   35    0    0
lb/ac    123   33 464   60     6-26-30    50      banded      Actually applied =   51   48   36   12
pH 6.3                         12-52-0    30      in-furrow

Peas
kg/ha     45   23 292   71    20-0-0-24      78   banded      Recommended =        30   30   55    8
lb/ac     50   26 328   80     4-17-41      150   banded      Actually applied =   23   38   55   17
pH 6.3                         12-52-0       30   in-furrow


Dawson Creek, B.C.           Legal Description: NE18 Tp78 R14 W6
Estimated available          Fertilizer   kg/             Product:                 Norwest Labs
        N    P    K     S    Applied       ha Placement Recom. vs. Applied         N P205 K2O     S

Canola
kg/ha    129   54 251   52    27-0-0-12     200   banded      Recommended =        0    17   21   21
lb/ac    145   61 282   58     6-26-30      100   banded      Actually applied =   57   38   27   21
pH 5.8                         12-52-0       30   in-furrow

Flax
kg/ha     91   20 246   43    20-0-0-24     105   banded      Recommended =        0    22   11   22
lb/ac    102   22 276   48     6-26-30      100   banded      Actually applied =   28   38   27   22
pH 6.0                         12-52-0       30   in-furrow

Cereals
kg/ha    151   27 280   45    20-10-10-5 218      banded      Recommended =         0   37   25    0
lb/ac    170   30 315   51     6-26-30    50      banded      Actually applied =   46   46   33   10
pH 6.0                         12-52-0    30      in-furrow

Peas
kg/ha    132   30 232   20    20-0-0-24      64   banded      Recommended =        0    45   37   13
lb/ac    148   34 261   23     6-26-30      150   banded      Actually applied =   23   49   40   13
pH 5.8                         15-52-0       30   in-furrow




                                            Page 5
                                         Herbicide Applications

Fort St. John, B.C.                   Legal Description:     SW19 Tp84 R18 W6
              Crop                Date Applied                  Product Used                           Rate
Canola                             14-Jun-01      Muster (ethametsulfuron methyl)                12 g/ac
                                                  Poast Ultra (sethoxydim)                       450 ml/ac
                                                  Merge                                          600 ml/ac
                                    21-Jun-01        Lontrel (clopyralid)                        240 ml/ac
Flax                                14-Jun-01        Buctril M (bromoxynil + MCPA)               400 ml/ac
Wheat & Barley                         5-Jun-01      Achieve 80DG                                100 g/ac
 (not Oats)                                          Turbocharge                                 0.5L/100L
Wheat, Barley, Oats, Triticale         8-Jun-01      Curtail M (clopyralid + MCPA ester)         800 ml/ac
Peas                                   5-Jun-01      Poast Ultra (sethoxydim)                    300 ml/ac
                                                     Merge                                       600 ml/ac
                                       8-Jun-01      Odessey (imazamox 35% &                     17 g/ac
                                                       imazethapyr 35%)
                                                     Merge                                       500 ml/100 L


Dawson Creek, B.C.                    Legal Description:     NE18 Tp78 R14 W6
              Crop                Date Applied                 Product Used                            Rate
Canola                             13-Jun-01      Muster (ethametsulfuron methyl)                12 g/ac
                                                  Ag Surf                                        200 ml/100 l
Flax                                15-Jun-01        Buctril M (bromoxynil + MCPA)               400 ml/ac
Wheat, Barley, Oats, Triticale         8-Jun-01      Curtail M (clopyralid + MCPA ester)         800 ml/ac
Peas                                                 no applications - hand picked any weeds
                                                     (not severe enough to warrant spraying)




                                 Planting and Harvest Information
                       Seeding rate Date             Air/Soil Temp Seeding                       Harvesting
Loc.   Crop            lbs/ac kg/ha Planted          (Co) @ plant Depth             Harvest Date Method
FSJ    Napus Canola       8      8.9     10-May-01   15 / 11            0.75 inch    15-Oct-01   pushed/direct cut
       Rapa Canola       5.8     6.5     10-May-01   15 / 11            0.75 inch    15-Oct-01   direct cut
       Flax               38      43     16-May-01                      0.75 inch    15-Oct-01   direct cut
       Barley             77      86     9-May-01    15 / 10            1 inch        7-Sep-01   direct cut
       Wheat              90     101     9-May-01    15 / 10            1 inch       14-Sep-01   direct cut
       Oats               81      90     9-May-01    15 / 10            1 inch       14-Sep-01   direct cut
       Triticale         117     131     9-May-01    15 / 10            1 inch       17-Oct-01   direct cut
       Peas              149     149     9-May-01    12 / 7             1 inch       13-Sep-01   desiccate/direct
DC     Napus Canola       8      8.9     7-May-01 12 / 9                1 inch       29-Sep-01   pushed/direct cut
       Rapa Canola       5.8     6.5     7-May-01 12 / 9                1 inch       29-Sep-01   direct cut
       Flax               38      43     15-May-01                      1 inch        3-Oct-01   direct cut
       Barley             77      86     3-May-01  8/ 3                 1.5 inch      5-Sep-01   direct cut
       Wheat              90     101     3-May-01  8/ 3                 1.5 inch     17-Sep-01   direct cut
       Oats               81      90     3-May-01  8/ 3                 1.5 inch     12-Sep-01   direct cut
       Triticale         117     131     3-May-01  8/ 3                 1.5 inch      5-Oct-01   direct cut
       Peas              149     149     4-May-01 13 / 5                2 inch        6-Sep-01   desiccate/direct




                                                               Page 6
            CANADA WESTERN RED SPRING WHEAT
As grain yields increase, protein content generally decreases. Some of the newer varieties have both higher protein
and grain yield. To control true loose smut of wheat only a systemic fungicide will work as the pathogen is found
inside the seed. To control the other types of smut ( covered , false loose and bunt ) a non-systemic fungicide seed
treatment will work as the disease pathogen is on the outside of the seed.

CWRS Wheat                                                                                       Yield as % of Katepwa

                                    Dawson Creek                                   Fort St. John                          B.C. Peace
                                2001 Yield  1994-2001                          2001 Yield 1994-2001                    2001 1994-2001
Variety                       bus /    % of Avg. Station                     bus /    % of Avg. Station                Avg. Avg. Station
                              acre    Check (%) Years                        acre    Check (%) Years                    (%)    (%) Years

5500 HR (BW245)                 61    f-i   105       105     [2]              77    d-k   97     101    [3]            101     103    [5]
5600 HR                         66    def   113       106     [2]              82    b-g   103    110    [3]            108     108    [5]
AC ABBEY                        60    g-j   103       103     [3]              88    abc   110    110    [5]            106     107    [8]
AC BARRIE                       61    f-i   105       100     [5]              77    e-k   96      93    [8]            100     97    [13]
AC CADILLAC                     63    e-h   107       97      [4]              72    i-l   90      83    [6]            99      90    [10]
AC ELSA                         76    b     130       112     [4]              92    a     115    108    [6]            122     110   [10]
AC INTREPID                     57    ijk   98        102     [3]              82    c-g   102    103    [5]            100     102    [8]
AC MAJESTIC                     84    a     143       109     [4]              81    c-h   102    102    [7]            123     106   [11]
AC SPLENDOR                     46    l     79        96      [4]              71    jkl   88      93    [6]            84      95    [10]
AC SUPERB                       62    e-i   106       106     [1]              84    a-e   105    105    [1]            106     106    [2]
ALIKAT                          53    k     91        99      [2]              69    kl    87      96    [3]            89      97     [5]
BW 243                          63    e-h   108       108     [1]              75    f-k   94      94    [1]            101     101    [2]
BW 259                          60    g-j   103       103     [1]              81    c-h   102    102    [1]            102     103    [2]
BW 263 (HWSW)                   56    jk    96        96      [1]              66    l     82      85    [2]            89      91     [3]
BW 264 (HWSW)                   64    efg   110       110     [1]              74    g-k   93      93    [2]            101     102    [3]
BW 755                          70    cd    121       121     [1]              78    d-j   98      95    [2]            109     108    [3]
BW 758                          67    de    114       114     [1]              90    ab    113    113    [1]            114     114    [2]
CDC BOUNTY                      62    f-i   106       102     [2]              85    a-d   107    105    [3]            106     104    [5]
KATEPWA                         58    hij   100       100     [5]              80    c-i   100    100    [8]            100     100   [13]
McKENZIE                        60    g-j   103       103     [3]              87    abc   108    101    [5]            106     102    [8]
PRODIGY                         78    b     134       116     [2]              73    h-l   91     100    [4]            113     108    [6]
PT 551                          74    bc    126       126     [1]              84    a-f   105    105    [1]            115     116    [2]
     LSD (P=.05) =             4.91                                           8.53
     CV value (%) =            5.45                                           7.58
                             Varieties not tested in 2001 (1989 - 2000)                                          Last Year Tested
AC CORA                                          100 [3]                                           102 [6]             ( 2000 ) 101 [9]
AC DOMAIN                                        94    [4]                                          90 [7]             ( 2000 ) 92 [11]
AC EATONIA                                       99    [4]                                          99 [7]             ( 2000 ) 99 [11]
AC MICHAEL                                       100 [4]                                           100 [7]             ( 2000 ) 100 [11]
AC MINTO                                         103 [5]                                           103 [7]             ( 1995 ) 103 [12]
CDC MAKWA                                        100 [6]                                           100 [7]             ( 1995 ) 100 [13]
CDC MERLIN                                       98    [3]                                          95 [3]             ( 1995 ) 97 [6]
CDC TEAL                                         103 [4]                                            98 [7]             ( 2000 ) 100 [11]
COLUMBUS                                         97    [7]                                          99 [3]             ( 1992 ) 98 [10]
INVADER                                          95    [4]                                          99 [7]             ( 2000 ) 97 [11]
LAURA                                            101 [4]                                           105 [7]             ( 2000 ) 103 [11]
NEEPAWA                                          97    [9]                                         101 [8]             ( 1996 ) 99 [17]
PARK                                             87    [7]                                          95 [5]             ( 1993 ) 91 [12]
PASQUA                                           99    [4]                                          93 [6]             ( 1995 ) 96 [10]
ROBLIN                                          91.69 [4]                                           95 [7]             ( 2000 ) 93 [11]
Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)                       * first year tested, very limited data available
             KATEPWA - check variety                                                               HWSW Hard White Spring Wheat




                                                                Page 7
CWRS Wheat                                                     Variety Descriptions
                                                                  2001 Average
                              B.C.Peace Averages 1994-2001      0-9 scale (0=nil)**                     Resistance to




                                                                                                                             Sprouting
                                                                                                                    Common
                      Whole            Bushel




                                                                                                         Root Rot
                                                                Powdery
                                                                Septoria
                                                                complex



                                                                               Lodging


                                                                                              Shatter
                                                                Mildew




                                                                                                                    Loose
                                                                                                                    Smut
                       Head     Height Weight     Protein




                                                                                                                    Bunt
Variety               %Moist.     cm    lbs/bu   % [st.yrs]                                                                                   Distributor

5500 HR (BW 245)       22.0       93    65.6     13.0 [3]        3.82 1.76               0                                               AgriPro / Proven Seed
5600 HR                23.4      102    64.1     12.6 [3]        3.32 3.57 0.13               G           F         G   G     G              Proven Seed
AC ABBEY               18.5       87    62.5     12.6 [3]        3.88 0.63 0.13               G           F         G   G     P                Canterra
AC BARRIE              21.2       93    62.2     13.8 [3]           4 2.82               0    G           F         G   G     F                 SeCan
AC CADILLAC            20.3       99    62.8     13.5 [3]        3.88 0.69 1.82               G           F         G   G     F            QA / Value Added
AC ELSA                21.4       91    60.7     13.6 [3]        3.07 0.76 0.13               G           F         G   F     F                 SeCan
AC INTREPID            17.1       94    62.5     13.2 [3]        4.44 1.19      0.5           G           F         F   G     P                Canterra
AC MAJESTIC            23.2       96    61.8     12.7 [3]        2.19 2.32 0.63               G           F         F   G     F                 SeCan
AC SPLENDOR            17.4       94    61.3     13.7 [3]        4.26 1.38 0.94               G           F         P   F     F                 SeCan
AC SUPERB              29.1       99    63.2     12.8 [2]        5.01 0.38               0    G           F         F   G     G                 SeCan
ALIKAT                 13.9       93    63.5     13.4 [3]        6.38 2.63 0.88               G           F         G   G     F                Canterra
BW 243                 27.2       99    64.3     14.4 [2]        3.51     2              0                                                  Agricore United
BW 259                 20.8      102    64.5     14.7 [2]        5.44 0.57               0                                                    CRC Winn
BW 263 (HWSW)          13.9       96    64.2     12.9 [3]        4.32 1.44               0                                               Quality Assured Seeds
BW 264 (HWSW)          17.0      103    63.3     12.9 [3]        4.19 0.38 0.13                                                          Quality Assured Seeds
BW 755                 19.2      107    64.0     13.1 [3]        4.69 0.57 0.44                                                             Agricore United
BW 758                 21.1      104    63.1     13.9 [2]        3.94     1              0                                                  Agricore United
CDC BOUNTY             20.8       98    65.3     13.2 [3]        4.07 1.32 2.63               G           F         G   G     F                Canterra
KATEPWA                18.3       95    61.2     13.4 [3]        4.63 1.44 1.19               G           F         G   G     F                 SeCan
McKENZIE               16.4       91    62.9     12.8 [3]        3.88 2.26               0    G           F         P   G    EX             Agricore United
PRODIGY                22.0       96    64.2     12.8 [3]        2.69 3.32               0    G           F         F   F     F             Agricore United
PT 551                 22.2      108    64.5     13.1 [2]        3.32 1.01 0.13                                                             Agricore United



                                                      Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )


AC CORA                17.6       93    61.6     13.3                          G              G           G         G   G     F                 SeCan
AC DOMAIN              19.5       85    62.4     14.2                         VG              G           F         G   G     F                 SeCan
AC EATONIA             23.1       92    61.1     12.9                           F             G           F         F   G     F              Proven Seed
AC MICHAEL             18.5       93    60.6     12.8                          G              G           F         G   G     F                 SeCan
AC MINTO               14.6       94    62.5                                   G              G           F         G   G     F                 SeCan
CDC MAKWA              14.9       89    61.9                                   G              G           P         G   F     P                 SeCan
CDC MERLIN             14.9       96    62.1                                   G              G           F         F   G     F                 SeCan
CDC TEAL               16.5       90    61.1     13.3                          G              G           F         F   F     F              Value Added
COLUMBUS               25.5       88    63.2                                   G              G           F         F   G     F                 SeCan
CONWAY                 21.4       85    62.8                                   G              G           F         G   F     F             Agricore United
INVADER                21.7       90    60.7     13.9                          G              G           F         F   F     F              Proven Seed
LAURA                  24.1       92    61.1     13.0                          G              G           F         F   P     F                 SeCan
NEEPAWA                20.0       91    60.9                                   G              G           F         G   F     F                 public
PARK                   17.1       81    62.7                                    F             G           F         G   F     F                 public
PASQUA                 15.8       87    61.8                                   G              G           P         P   F     P                 SeCan
ROBLIN                 17.5       86    60.5     14.0                         VG              G           F         G   P     F                 SeCan


                                                                                             EX = excellent, VG = very good, G = good
  KATEPWA - check variety                                                                     F = fair, P = poor (susceptible)
Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for                                          * first year tested, very limited data available
Protected by Plant Breeders' Rights                                                          ** 0 - 9 scale; 0 = none, 9 = 100% affected




                                                                    Page 8
                        CWRS Wheat                                              Regional Variety Performance 1994-2001

                    117

                                                                                                      PT 551
                    115

                                                                                            BW 758
                    113


                    111
                                                                                               AC Elsa
                    109
                                                                                BW 755               Prodigy    5600 HR
                    107                                                AC Abbey
Yield as % of Katepwa




                                                                                                               AC Majestic               AC Superb
                    105

                                                                           CDC Bounty
                    103                                                                              5500 HR (BW 245)
                                                             AC Intrepid                  BW 259
                                             Mckenzie        BW 264
                    101                                                                                                                  BW 243
                                                                      KATEPWA
                        99


                        97          Alikat
                                                                                             AC Barrie

                        95
                                                               AC Splendor

                        93


                        91
                                    BW 263
                                                                                       AC Cadillac
                        89
                             13   14         15   16    17       18        19     20     21     22       23      24       25   26   27     28     29   30
                                                                                         % Moisture




                                  Protected by Plant Breeders' Rights :

                                  AC BARRIE                   AC ABBEY                     AC INTREPID
                                  AC CADILLAC                 AC ELSA

                                  Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for :

                                  AC SUPERB
                                  5600HR




                                                                                 Page 9
                  CANADA PRAIRIE SPRING WHEAT

            CANADA WESTERN EXTRA STRONG WHEAT
All current Canada Prairie Spring varieties are awned and should be treated with a systemic fungicide seed treatment
to control smut. Canada Western Extra Strong wheats ( formerly utility wheats ) have unique gluten properties. Avoid
deep seeding CPS or CWES wheats. Seeding rates for these wheats should be increased 20 to 25% due to the
larger kernel size. [The CPS and CWES wheats are traditionally grown together in the same trial]


    CPS Wheat                                                             Yield as % of AC Taber

                                            Dawson Creek                                Fort St. John                       B.C. Peace
                                      2001 Yield           1993-2001               2001 Yield         1994-2001         2001         1993-2001
  Variety                 Type     bus /         % of     Avg. Stn.           bus /          % of     Avg. Stn.         Avg.         Avg. Stn.
                                   acre         check     (%)    Yrs.         acre          check     (%) Yrs.          (%)          (%) Yrs.

  5700PR (HY 961) CPS red            81    cd    96       103       [2]          94    ab    92       103      [3]        94         103    [5]
  AC CRYSTAL       CPS red          100    a     120      106       [4]         100    a     98        98      [6]       109         102   [10]
  AC TABER         CPS red           84    cd    100      100       [6]         102    a     100      100      [8]       100         100   [14]
  AC VISTA        CPS white         105    a     125      110       [4]          86    b     84       101      [6]       105         105   [10]
  AC 2000         CPS white          79    d     94       96        [2]          95    ab    93       101      [3]        94          99    [5]
  AC BARRIE         CWRS             64    e     76       76        [1]          68    c     67        67      [1]        71          71    [2]
        LSD (P=.05) =               6.63                                       14.09
        CV value (%) =              5.27                                       10.97
                              Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )                              Last Year Tested
  5701PR (HY962)* CPS red                                                                              95      [1]     (2000) 95            [1]
  AC FOREMOST      CPS red                                96        [5]                               100      [7]     (2000) 98           [12]
  AC KARMA        CPS white                               96        [5]                               102      [7]     (2000) 99           [12]
  BIGGAR           CPS red                                102       [5]                               107      [6]     (2000) 105          [11]
  CUTLER           CPS red                                90        [5]                                89      [7]    (1999) 90            [12]

                                                        Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)
    AC TABER - check variety                                                  * first year tested, very limited data available


   CWES Wheat                                                             Yield as % of AC Taber

                                            Dawson Creek                                Fort St. John                       B.C. Peace
                                      2001 Yield           1993-2001               2001 Yield         1994-2001         2001         1993-2001
  Variety                 Type     bus /         % of     Avg. Stn.           bus /          % of     Avg. Stn.         Avg.         Avg. Stn.
                                   acre         check     (%)    Yrs.         acre          check     (%) Yrs.          (%)          (%) Yrs.

  AC TABER               CPS red     84    cd    100      100       [6]         102    a     100      100      [8]       100         100   [14]
  AMAZON                  CWES       85    cd    101      102       [2]          83    b     81        87      [4]        91          94    [6]
  ES21                    CWES       92    b     109      109       [1]          82    bc    80        80      [1]        95          95    [2]
  AC GLENAVON             CWES       87    bc    103      103       [1]          83    b     81        93      [2]        92          98    [3]
  AC BARRIE               CWRS       64    e     76       76        [1]          68    c     67        67      [1]        71          71    [2]
        LSD (P=.05) =               6.63                                       14.09
        CV value (%) =              5.27                                       10.97
                              Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )                              Last Year Tested
  AC CORINNE             CWES                             102       [1]                                95      [3]     (2000)        99     [4]
  BLUESKY                CWES                             93        [5]                                90      [7]     (2000)        92    [12]
  GLENLEA                CWES                             97        [5]                                93      [7]     (2000)        95    [12]
  LASER                  CWES                             87        [2]                                83      [4]     (2000)        85     [6]
  WILDCAT                CWES                             78        [5]                                79      [7]    (1999)         79    [12]




                                                                    Page 10
           CPS / CWES Wheat                                                                                  Variety Descriptions
                                                                                                                2001 Average
                                                                      B.C.Peace Averages 1994-2001            0-9 scale (0=nil)**                      Resistance to




                                                                                                                                                                             Sprouting
                                                                                                                                                                   Common
                                                              Whole            Bushel




                                                                                                                                                        Root Rot
                                                                                                              Powdery
                                                                                                              Septoria
                                                                                                              complex



                                                                                                                             Lodging


                                                                                                                                             Shatter
                                                                                                              Mildew




                                                                                                                                                                   Loose
                                                                                                                                                                   Smut
                                                              Head      Height Weight          Protein




                                                                                                                                                                   Bunt
       Variety                                       Type    %Moist.      cm    lbs/bu        % [st.yrs]                                                                                      Distributor

       5700PR (HY961)                           CPS red        23.0       79        73         10.5 [2]       3.57 0.88                0     G           F          P   G     P                AgriPro
       AC CRYSTAL                               CPS red        23.6       81        69         10.2 [2]       2.44 1.76 0.63                 G           P          F   G     P                SeCan
       AC TABER                                 CPS red        21.0       82        66         10.6 [2]       2.57 1.44 0.32                 G           F          P   G     P                SeCan
       AC VISTA                                 CPS white      18.9       88        68         10.1 [2]       2.94 2.63 0.38                 G           F          F   G     P          QA / Value Added
       AC2000                                   CPS white      25.8       82        72         10.7 [2]         3.5 2.19 0.19                G           F          F   G     F                SeCan
       AMAZON                                    CWES          27.7      102        69         11.9 [2]       3.38 1.25 2.63                 G           F          G   F     P               Canterra
       AC GLENAVON                               CWES          23.3      116        76         12.5 [2]           3 1.07 2.88                G           F          G   F                      SeCan
       ES21*                                     CWES          35.0      113        87         13.1 [2]       2.94 0.94 1.75                                                             Quality Assured
       AC BARRIE                                 CWRS          26.6      106        66         14.3 [2]       4.88 3.07                0     G           F          G   G     G                SeCan


                                                                                           Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )

       5701PR(HY962)*                           CPS red                   80      61.3                                                                                                    Proven Seeds
       AC CORINNE                                CWES          27.4       91      60.5                                       G               G           F          G   G     F            Performance
       AC FOREMOST                              CPS red        16.6       72      61.5                                       EX              G           F          G   G     F                SeCan
       AC KARMA                                 CPS white      15.8       83      62.1                                       G               G           F          G   G     P                SeCan
       BIGGAR                                   CPS red        18.8       76      61.3                                       G               G           F          P   P     F                SeCan
       BLUESKY                                   CWES          17.8       99      60.8                                        F              G           G          G   F     F                SeCan
       CUTLER                                   CPS red        13.9       77      62.0                                       G               G           F          P   P     F                 UofA
       GLENLEA                                   CWES          24.6      102      61.2                                       G               G           G          G   F     G                 public
       LASER                                     CWES          18.1       90      61.3                                       EX              G           F          G   P     G               Canterra
       WILDCAT                                   CWES          16.0       89      58.6                                        F              G           F          G   P     F                SeCan
                                                                                                                                            EX = excellent, VG = very good, G = good
AC TABER - check variety                                                                                                                      F = fair, P = poor (susceptible)
       Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for                                                                                  * first year tested, very limited data available
       Protected by Plant Breeders' Rights                                                                                                  ** 0 - 9 scale; 0 = none, 9 = 100% affected




                 CPS / CWES Wheat                                                         Regional Variety Performance 1994-2001

                       125

                       120

                       115

                       110
  Yield as % of AC Taber




                       105           AC Vista
                                                             5700PR (HY961)
                                                                                         AC Crystal
                       100                       AC TABER
                                                                                                           AC2000
                                                                    AC Glenavon
                           95                                                                                            Amazon                                                           ES21

                           90

                           85

                           80

                           75
                                                                                                                AC Barrie
                           70
                                17     18       19      20     21       22     23        24     25        26    27      28             29          30              31   32       33      34       35        36
                                                                                                         % Moisture




                                                                                               Page 11
            BARLEY
Hulless barley varieties have significantly less fibre and higher protein levels than conventional barley and therefore
produce a higher level of digestible energy for monogastric animals. In hulless varieties approximately 12% of the
lower yield can be attributed to the lack of a hull. Two row malting barleys are more susceptible to sprouting. Some
malting varieties have interim registration and are only grown under contract for plant scale malting tests.


     Six Row Barley                                                                  Yield as % of Harrington
                                                      Dawson Creek                                 Fort St. John                            B.C. Peace
                                                 2001 Yield          1993-2001               2001 Yield        1993-2001                2001       1993-2001
  Variety                 Type              bus /           % of    Avg. Stn.            bus /           % of Avg. Stn.                 Avg. Avg. Stn.
                                            acre           check           Yrs.          acre           check (%)    Yrs.              (%) (%)    Yrs.

  AC HARPER               feed                122    bc     127      117       [4]        137     a         127      109      [6]       127       113        [10]
  AC LACOMBE              feed                122    bc     126      121       [6]        122     bcd       114      109      [9]       120       115        [15]
  AC RANGER *             forage              119    c      124      124       [1]        124     bcd       115      115      [1]       119       119         [2]
  AC ROSSER               feed                117    cd     121      118       [4]        127     abc       119      114      [6]       120       116        [10]
  EXCEL                   malt (white)        115    cd     120      120       [1]        114     de        106      105      [2]       113       112         [3]
  GAMINE *                                    116    cd     120      120       [1]        108     e         100      100      [1]       110       110         [2]
  HARRINGTON              2R malt              97    e      100      100       [6]        107     e         100      100      [9]       100       100        [15]
  KASOTA                  feed(sd)            137    a      142      124       [6]        138     a         128      113      [9]       135       118        [15]
  LEGACY *                malt (white)        106    de     110      110       [1]        114     de        106      106      [1]       108       108         [2]
  MAHIGAN                 feed(sd)            134    ab     139      126       [3]        136     a         127      112      [5]       133       119         [8]
  NISKA                   feed(sd)            133    ab     138      120       [2]        106     e         99       111      [3]       118       116         [5]
  ROBUST *                malt (white)        104    de     108      108       [1]         93     f         86        86      [1]        97        97         [2]
  TROCHU                  feed                125    abc    130      130       [1]        117     cde       109      109      [2]       119       119         [3]
  VIVAR                   feed(sd)            137    a      142      142       [1]        130     ab        121      128      [2]       131       135         [3]
  WESTFORD *              forage               81    f      84       84        [1]         84     f         79        79      [1]        81        81         [1]
         LSD (P=.05) =                       12.56                                        11.03
         CV value (%) =                       7.47                                         6.59
                                      Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )                                      Last Year Tested
  AC ALBRIGHT             feed                                       100       [5]                                    98      [8]   ( 2000 )       99        [13]
  AC STACEY               feed                                       116       [3]                                    98      [3]   ( 1996 )      107         [6]
  ARGYLE                  malt                                       107       [8]                                    99      [3]   ( 1994 )      103        [11]
  B 1602                  malt                                       104       [5]                                    93      [7]   ( 1999 )       98        [12]
  BT 435                  malt                                       111       [1]                                   103      [2]   ( 2000 )      107         [3]
  BONANZA                 malt                                       93        [6]                                    97      [1]   ( 1992 )       95         [7]
  BRIER                   feed                                       117       [8]                                   114      [4]   ( 1995 )      116        [12]
  BRONCO                  feed                                       103       [3]                                   105      [3]   ( 1998 )      104         [6]
  CDC EARL                feed(sd)                                   111       [5]                                   108      [7]   ( 1999 )      109        [12]
  CDC SISLER              malt                                       104       [3]                                   102      [5]   ( 2000 )      103         [8]
  CDC YORKTON             malt                                       113       [1]                                   106      [3]   ( 2000 )      109         [4]
  FOSTER                  malt                                       104       [2]                                    96      [4]   ( 2000 )      100         [6]
  DUEL                    malt                                       100       [6]                                    94      [3]   ( 1995 )       97         [9]
  DUKE                    feed(sd)                                   101       [8]                                   118      [4]   ( 1995 )      110        [12]
  HEARTLAND               feed                                       104       [8]                                    96      [3]   ( 1994 )      100        [11]
  JACKSON                 feed                                       92        [8]                                    94      [4]   ( 1995 )       93        [12]
  LEDUC                   feed                                       108       [8]                                   109      [4]   ( 1995 )      109        [12]
  NOBLE                   feed                                       110       [8]                                    96      [4]   ( 1995 )      103        [12]
  PROSPECT                malt                                       93        [2]                                    98      [2]   ( 1997 )       95         [4]
  STANDER                 malt                                       102       [3]                                    99      [5]   ( 2000 )      100         [8]
  STETSON                 feed(sd)                                   112       [4]                                   104      [7]   ( 2000 )      108        [11]
  TANKARD                 malt                                       85        [3]                                    83      [3]   ( 1996 )       84         [6]
  TUKWA                   feed(sd)                                   121       [5]                                   102      [7]   ( 1999 )      111        [12]
  Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)                            *   first year tested, very limited data available
         HARRINGTON - check variety                                                                     (sd) semi-dwarf variety




                                                                               Page 12
Two Row Barley                                                                                          Yield as % of Harrington
                                                Dawson Creek                                      Fort St. John                          B.C. Peace
                                              2001 Yield          1993-2001                  2001 Yield         1993-2001            2001       1993-2001
 Variety                    Type          bus /           % of    Avg. Stn.           bus /              % of   Avg. Stn.            Avg.      Avg. Stn.
                                          acre           check    (%) Yrs.            acre              check    (%) Yrs.            (%)       (%) Yrs.
 AC BOUNTIFUL                   malt         121   bc     112      103      [3]            111    fg     100      107      [5]        106      105       [8]
 AC METCALFE                    malt         113   cde    104      118      [6]            116    ef     105      109      [9]        105      114      [15]
 CDC BOLD                     feed(sd)       132   a      122      113      [2]            133    bc     120      119      [3]        121      116       [5]
 CDC COPELAND                   malt         112   de     104      93       [2]            117    ef     105      111      [3]        104      102       [5]
 CDC DOLLY                      feed         115   cde    106      120      [6]            123    cde    111      113      [9]        109      117      [15]
 CDC HELGASON                   feed         116   cde    107      107      [1]            119    def    108      114      [2]        108      111       [3]
 CDC KENDALL                    malt         116   cde    107      102      [4]            104    gh     94        98      [8]        101      100      [12]
 CDC THOMPSON                 malt(sd)       118   cd     109      91       [5]            139    b      125      106      [7]        117       98      [12]
 HARRINGTON                     malt         108   ef     100      100      [6]            111    fg     100      100      [9]        100      100      [15]
 MERIT                          malt         135   a      125      109      [2]            130    bcd    117      110      [4]        121      109       [6]
 Robust *                     6R malt        102   f      94       94       [1]             99    h      89        89      [1]         92       92       [2]
 SEEBE                          feed         121   bc     112      123      [6]            150    a      135      112      [9]        124      118      [15]
 TR 256 *                       feed         111   de     103      103      [1]            112    fg     101      101      [1]        102      102       [2]
 TR 258 *                       malt         115   cde    106      106      [1]            116    ef     104      104      [1]        105      105       [2]
 XENA                           feed         127   ab     117      108      [2]            137    b      123      115      [3]        120      112       [5]
           LSD (P=.05) =                    8.80                                       10.73
           CV value (%) =                   5.24                                        6.20
                                         Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )                                  Last Year Tested
 AC OXBOW                      malt                                114      [4]                                    98      [5]    ( 1998 )     106       [9]
 B1215                         malt                                102      [3]                                   105      [5]    ( 2000 )     103       [8]
 CDC FLEET                     feed                                101      [3]                                    83      [4]    ( 1999 )      92       [7]
 CDC GUARDIAN                  feed                                114      [5]                                    96      [5]    ( 1998 )     105      [10]
 CDC SELECT    (TR 153) *      malt                                                                               115      [1]    ( 2000 )     115       [1]
 CDC STRATUS                   malt                                117      [5]                                   102      [8]    ( 2000 )     110      [13]
 CDC UNITY                     malt                                109      [2]                                   111      [4]    ( 2000 )     110       [6]
 MANLEY                        malt                                119      [5]                                   105      [5]    ( 1998 )     112      [10]
 TR 145                        malt                                104      [2]                                   109      [3]    ( 1999 )     107       [5]

                                                                 Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)
 HARRINGTON - check variety                                      (sd) semi-dwarf variety                        * first year tested, very limited data available


 Hulless Barley                                                                                         Yield as % of Harrington
                                                Dawson Creek                                      Fort St. John                          B.C. Peace
                                              2001 Yield          1993-2001                  2001 Yield         1994-2001            2001       1993-2001
 Variety                    Type          bus /           % of    Avg. Stn.           bus /              % of   Avg. Stn.            Avg.      Avg. Stn.
                                          acre           check    (%) Yrs.            acre              check    (%) Yrs.            (%)       (%) Yrs.
 AC BACON                     6 row          94    ab     95       93       [2]             85    ab     93        96      [4]        94        94       [6]
 CDC FREEDOM                  2 row          79    c      80       82       [2]             70    d      77        77      [4]        78        80       [6]
 CDC McGWIRE                  2 row          98    a      99       99       [2]             89    ab     98        95      [3]        98        97       [5]
 CDC SILKY                    6 row          87    bc     88       99       [5]             89    ab     97        90      [6]        92        94      [11]
 FALCON                       6 row          96    ab     96       103      [6]             85    ab     93        89      [8]        95        96      [14]
 HARRINGTON                  2R malt         99    a      100      100      [6]             92    a      100      100      [8]       100       100      [14]
 HB 805                       2 row         103    a      104      88       [2]             81    bc     89        87      [3]        96        88       [5]
 PEREGRINE                    6 row          89    b      90       82       [2]             75    cd     82        76      [3]        86        79       [5]
           LSD (P=.05) =                    5.17                                           9.11
           CV value (%) =                   3.62                                           7.45
                                         Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )                                  Last Year Tested
 AC HAWKEYE                   6 Row                                99       [3]                                   96       [3]   ( 1999 )       98       [6]
 CDC DAWN                     2 row                                94       [3]                                   94       [5]   ( 2000 )       94       [8]
 CDC GAINER                   2 row                                76       [2]                                   78       [4]   ( 2000 )       77       [6]
 CDC SPEEDY *                 2 row                                                                               92       [1]   ( 2000 )       92       [1]
 CONDOR                       2 Row                                84       [5]                                   80       [5]   ( 1997 )       82      [10]
 JAEGER                       6 row                                88       [2]                                   93       [4]   ( 2000 )       90       [6]
 PHOENIX                      2 Row                                85       [5]                                   75       [5]   ( 1998 )       80      [10]
 TERCEL                       2 row                                75       [2]                                   85       [4]   ( 2000 )       80       [6]



                                                                page 13
    Feed Barley                                                                                                Variety Descriptions
                                                      1993-2001                    2001 Average
                                                 B.C.Peace Averages              0-9 scale (0=nil)**            Resistance to




                                                                                                                 Root Rot
                                      Whole               Bushel




                                                                                                     Lodging
                                                                                           Blotch




                                                                                                                                    Loose
                                                                                   Scald




                                                                                                                            Scald




                                                                                                                                            False
                                                                                                                                    Smut

                                                                                                                                            Smut
                                       Head Height Weight Protein




                                                                                           Net
    Variety                  Type     %Moist. cm   lbs/bu % [st.yrs]                                                                                  Distributor

                                                          Eligible for General Purpose Grades Only

    AC HARPER             6 row        21.8      84        50       13.1 [2]        2.8      2.2      0.3         F         F           P    F          SeCan
    AC LACOMBE            6 row        18.9      88        50       12.3 [2]        2.1      2.6      0.6         P         F           P    G          SeCan
    AC ROSSER             6 row        27.5      86        50       11.8 [2]        3.9      2.6      2.4         F         P           P    G          SeCan
    GAMINE *              6 row        26.4      97        49       11.9 [2]        6.0      3.1      0.0                                           ProMark Seed
    CDC DOLLY             2 row        25.1      77        55       12.1 [2]        3.1      3.2      0.1         F         F           P    G          SeCan
    SEEBE                 2 row        32.1      89        54       13.6 [2]        1.6      3.3      0.8         P         G           P    G          SeCan
    TR 256 *              2 row        14.8      101       54       12.2 [2]        4.1      2.6      0.0
    XENA                  2 row        19.3      80        55       11.8 [2]        3.5      3.1      0.0         G         P           P    P      Agricore United
    CDC HELGASON * 2 row               18.3      96        56       12.0 [2]        2.8      3.0      0.1         F         P           G    G          SeCan
    TROCHU                6 row        22.8      95        52       11.3 [2]        3.0      1.9      0.3         G         F           P    G          SeCan

                                                                     Semi-dwarf varieties

    CDC BOLD              2 row        24.0      75        56      12.45 [2]        1.3      3.3      0.0         F         F           P    G         Canterra
    KASOTA                6 row        20.3      73        52       12.3 [2]        1.6      3.4      0.0         F         G           P    G          SeCan
    MAHIGAN               6 row        15.8      72        52       12.5 [2]        2.2      3.4      0.0         F         G           P    G          SeCan
    NISKA                 6 row        29.7      76        53      11.65 [2]        1.6      2.4      0.8         P         G           P    G         Canterra
    VIVAR                 6 row        28.4      91        53      11.45 [2]        2.3      2.5      0.1         G         F           F    G          SeCan

                                                                       Forage varieties
    AC RANGER *           6 row        27.4      108       50      11.55 [2]        3.5      2.6      1.7
    WESTFORD *            6 row        21.4      112       47      11.25 [2]        3.4      2.4      0.3                           P               Agricore United

                                      Days to                 Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000)
                                      Maturity
    AC ALBRIGHT           6 row         95       88        52.3                                                   P         P           P    P          SeCan
    AC STACEY             6 row         93       65        51.8                                                   P         G           P    G          SeCan
    BRIDGE                2 row         99       70        54.6                                                   F         P           P    F          SeCan
    BRIER                 6 row         99       80        50.4                                                   P         F           P    G          SeCan
    BRONCO                6 row         102      90        53.5                                                   F         F           P    F       Value Added
    CDC EARL              6 row(sd)     101      69        50.2                                                   F         G           P    G          SeCan
    CDC FLEET             2 row         97       77        55.3                                                   P         G           P    P       Value Added
    CDC GUARDIAN          2 row         101      79        52.4                                                   F         G           P    G          SeCan
    DUKE                  6 row(sd)     98       72        51.2                                                   F         G           P    F          SeCan
    HEARTLAND             6 row         98       70        50.2                                                   F         P           P    F          SeCan
    JACKSON               6 row         92       66        52.3                                                   P         P           P    P          SeCan
    JOHNSTON              6 row         102      77        51.5                                                   P         G           P    P          SeCan
    LEDUC                 6 row         97       77        50.0                                                   F         G           F    G          SeCan
    NOBLE                 6 row         99       78        50.4                                                   P         P           P    G          SeCan
    OTAL                  6 row         88       66        52.4                                                   P         P           P    F          public
    STETSON               6 row(sd)     102      53        50.9                                                   F         G           P    G      Agricore United
    STANDER               6 row         103      77        53.1                                                   F         P           P    F      Agricore United
    TUKWA                 6 row(sd)     100      73        51.2                                                   F         F           P    G          SeCan
    WINTHROP              2 row         100      75        55.2                                                   P         P           P    G      Agricore United

    Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for                                             EX = excellent, VG = very good, G = good
    Protected by Plant Breeders' Rights                                                              F = fair, P = poor (susceptible)
(sd) semi-dwarf variety                                                                             * first year tested, very limited data available
                                                                                                    ** 0 - 9 scale; 0 = none, 9 = 100% affected




                                                                               Page 14
    Malt Barley                           all below are eligible for Malting Grades                              Variety Descriptions
                                                  1994-2001                           2001 Average
                                            B.C.Peace Averages                      0-9 scale (0=nil)**           Resistance to




                                                                                                                   Root Rot
                                          Whole            Bushel




                                                                                                       Lodging
                                                                                              Blotch




                                                                                                                                      Loose
                                                                                      Scald




                                                                                                                              Scald



                                                                                                                                              False
                                                                                                                                      Smut

                                                                                                                                              Smut
                                           Head Height Weight          Protein




                                                                                              Net
    Variety                     Type      %Moist. cm   lbs/bu         % [st.yrs]                                                                           Distributor

    AC BOUNTIFUL             2 row         20.0      85     54.8       12.5   [2]     4.0      2.6     0.3          F         P        G       G        Quality Assured
    AC METCALFE              2 row         21.5      85     54.6       12.1   [2]     3.1      2.5     0.5          F         P        G       F             SeCan
    CDC COPELAND             2 row         16.0      85     54.4       11.6   [2]     4.9      2.6     0.3          F         P        P       G             SeCan
    CDC KENDALL              2 row         14.8      81     54.6       12.5   [2]     3.1      2.7     0.3          F         P        P       P        Agricore United
    CDC THOMPSON             2 row(sd)     22.1      59     55.4       12.4   [2]     1.8      3.7     0.0          F         F        P       G        Quality Assured
    EXCEL                    6 row         29.5      94     51.8       12.0   [2]     3.4      2.3     0.7          F         P        P       G          Proven Seed
    HARRINGTON               2 row         18.5      79     54.2       12.2   [2]     5.8      3.3     0.8          F         P        P       P             SeCan
    LEGACY *                 6 row         23.9      104    51.5       12.9   [2]     4.1      2.8     1.2                                              Agricore United
    MERIT                    2 row         33.9      78     54.8       11.4   [2]     3.1      2.9     0.0          F         P        P       G      Agricore United/BARI
    ROBUST *                 6 row         25.6      108    53.6       13.2   [2]     3.4      2.8     1.1                                                   Cargill
    TR 258 *                 2 row         20.5      96     54.7       12.9   [2]     4.1      2.3     0.0
                                          Days to
                                          Maturity              Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000)
    AC OXBOW                 2 row         100        87    53.7                               VG     F   P    G                               F            SeCan
    ARGYLE                   6 row          96        93    50.8                                G     F   P    P                               P            SeCan
    B1215                    2 row         103        75    54.2                               VG     F   P    P                               F            Agricore
    B1602                    6 row         100        87    53.1                                G     F   P    P                               F            Agricore
    BONANZA                  6 row          95        77    50.2                                P     F   P    P                               P             public
    BT 435                   6 row         100        81    53.7                                                                                         Proven Seed
    CDC SELECT(TR 153) *     2 row                    90    54.8                                                                                      Agricore United
    CDC SISLER               6 row         101        94    51.6                                G     F   F    P                               P         Proven Seed
    CDC STRATUS              2 row         101        74    54.1                                G     F   P    F                               F         Performance
    CDC UNITY                2 row         102        77    53.9                                G     F   P    P                               F            SeCan
    CDC YORKTON              6 row         103        71    52.4                                G     G   P    P                               G         Proven Seed
    DUEL                     6 row          98        89    50.3                                G     F   P    P                               F            Agricore
    FOSTER                   6 row         101        79    50.5                                G         P    P                                         Proven Seed
    MANLEY                   2 row         104        78    53.4                                G     F   P    P                               F            SeCan
    PROSPECT                 6 row          98        97    49.7                                                                                            Agricore
    STEIN                    2 row          99        70    54.8                                F     F   P    P                               F         Proven Seed
    TANKARD                  6 row         103        80    63.4                                G     F   P    P                               P            SeCan
    TR 145                   2 row          99        70    54.4                                G     F   P    F                               F            Agricore



    Hulless Barley                                                                                               Variety Descriptions
                                                  1994-2001                           2001 Average
                                            B.C.Peace Averages                      0-9 scale (0=nil)**           Resistance to
                                          Whole            Bushel
                                                                                                                   Root Rot
                                                                                                       Lodging
                                                                                              Blotch




                                                                                                                                      Loose
                                                                                      Scald




                                                                                                                              Scald



                                                                                                                                              False
                                                                                                                                      Smut

                                                                                                                                              Smut




                                           Head      Height Weight
                                                                                              Net




    Variety                     Type      %Moist.     cm    lbs/bu                                                                                         Distributor

    AC BACON                 6 row         31.1       84      60                      2.8      1.7     0.0         F          F        P       G            SeCan
    CDC FREEDOM              2 row         30.6       90      63                      4.1      2.5     0.0         F          P        P       G            SeCan
    CDC McGWIRE              2 row         34.2       84      63                      1.4      2.2     0.0         G          F        P       G            SeCan
    CDC SILKY                6 row         31.0       79      59                      1.8      1.6     0.0         F          G        F       F         Value Added
    FALCON                   6 row         32.6       68      62                      1.9      2.1     0.0         F          F        P       G        Progres./SeCan
    HB 805                   2 row         17.4       77      61                      3.7      2.6     0.4                                              Agricore United
    PEREGRINE                6 row         26.4       62      62                      3.4      2.5     0.0          F         F        P       F          Progressive
                                          Days to
                                          Maturity              Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000)
    AC HAWKEYE               6 row         102       100    61.9                                      F   F    P                               P        Agricore United
    CDC DAWN                 2 row         101       81     62.3                                      F   G    P                               P            SeCan
    CDC GAINER               2 row          97       81     62.4                                      F   F    P                               F         Value Added
    CDC SPEEDY *             2 row                   82     63.7                                                                                         Value Added
    JAEGER                   2 row         103       65     60.2                                      P   F    P                               P          Progressive
    PHOENIX                  2 row         101       83     62.3                                      F   P    P                               F        Progres./SeCan
    TERCEL                   6 row          99       76     61.7                                      F   P    P                               F          Progressive
    Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for
    Protected by Plant Breeders' Rights
(sd) semi-dwarf variety
                                                                     Page 15
                           Barley                                                                           Regional Variety Performance 1993-2001


                                       Feed Barley                                                                                                      Vivar
                           133

                           129

                           125

                           121
                                    Mahigan                                                                               AC Ranger            Trochu
                                                                                                       Kasota                                                                      Seebe
                           117                                                                                                           CDC Dolly
                                                                                                                   CDC Bold                               AC Rosser        Niska
                                                      AC Lacombe
Yield as % of Harrington




                           113                                                                    AC Harper
                                                                                                                                         Xena
                                               CDC Helgason                                                                                       Gamine
                           109

                           105
                                       TR 256
                           101
                                            HARRINGTON

                           97           CDC McGwire (h)
                                                                                                                                                          Falcon (h)
                                        CDC Silky (h)                                                                                                            AC Bacon (h)
                           93

                           89
                                                     HB 805 (h)
                           85

                           81                                                                                                    Westford
                                                                                                                   CDC Freedom (h)                      Peregrine (h)
                           77
                             14.0             16.0                                18.0        20.0              22.0          24.0         26.0           28.0          30.0             32.0
                                                                                                                        % Moisture


                                                                                115
         (h) Hulless                                                                                                                           Malting Barley
                                                                                                            AC Metcalfe
                                                                                113
                                                                                                                                                            Excel
                                                                                111

                                                                                109                                                                                                   Merit
                                                                                                                                         Legacy
                                                     Yield as % of Harrington




                                                                                107

                                                                                105               AC Bountiful           TR 258

                                                                                103
                                                                                              CDC Copeland
                                                                                101
                                                                                                             HARRINGTON
                                                                                99       CDC Kendall
                                                                                                                                  CDC Thompson
                                                                                97

                                                                                95

                                                                                93
                                                                                                                                      Robust
                                                                                91
                                                                                  14.0     16.0      18.0        20.0       22.0      24.0    26.0       28.0       30.0       32.0           34.0
                                                                                                                                     % Moisture



                                                                                                             Page 16
            OATS
Oats are usually a feed crop but some varieties are also suitable for higher value feed and food markets. The milling
industry prefers higher protein varieties with plump kernels and lower hull content, while the horse industry prefers
white hulled varieties. Hulless oat varieties have excellent feed and food value but need to be stored drier than normal
varieties ( <12% moisture ) and do not flow as well in the bin due to their pubescence (hairs), which seem to "lock
together". Yield values for hulless oat varieties are expressed after hull removal, which reduces the seed weight by 20-
25% compared to the normal varieties. Keep this in mind while comparing yields of hulless oats to hulled varieties.


  Oats                                                                                           Yield as % of Cascade
                                                        Dawson Creek                           Fort St. John                 B.C. Peace
                                                  2001 Yield          1993-2001         2001 Yield        1994-2001       2001     1993-2001
  Variety                           Colour   bus /            % of    Avg. Stn.      bus /        % of    Avg. Stn.       Avg.     Avg. Stn.
                                             acre            check    (%) Yrs.       acre        check     (%) Yrs.       (%)      (%) Yrs.
  AC ASSINIBOIA                     tan        164     gh     78       87      [3]     184    h     84      88    [7]       81      87   [10]
  AC GWEN (OT 297) (h)              white       94     hi     71       71      [1]     103    ij    74      78    [2]       73      74    [3]
  AC JUNIPER                        white      211     bcd    100      112     [4]     219    cd    100    102    [8]      100     107   [12]
  AC KAUFMAN (OT 797)               yellow     189     ef     90       90      [1]     200    fg    91      89    [2]       91      89    [3]
  AC MORGAN                         white      226     ab     108      117     [2]     225    bc    102    107    [3]      105     112    [5]
  AC MUSTANG                        white      218     abc    104      108     [5]     236    a     108    106    [9]      106     107   [14]
  AC PINNACLE                       yellow     197     de     94       107     [2]     210    def   96     100    [3]       95     103    [5]
  AC REBEL                          yellow     194     ef     92       104     [2]     196    g     89      93    [3]       90      99    [5]
  AC RONALD *                       yellow     197     de     94       94      [1]     214    cde   98      98    [1]       96      96    [2]
  BULLION (h)                       white       86     i      65       73      [2]    96.4    j     70      70    [3]       67      72    [5]
  CASCADE                           yellow     210     cd     100      100     [5]     220    cd    100    100    [9]      100     100   [14]
  CDC BOYER                         yellow     178     fg     84       103     [5]     205    efg   93      98    [8]       89     100   [13]
  CDC DANCER                        yellow     196     de     93       93      [1]     214    de    98      97    [2]       95      95    [3]
  OT 7001 *                         yellow     199     de     94       94      [1]     218    cd    99      99    [1]       97      97    [2]
  AC BOUDRIAS (OT 799) (h)*         white       99     h      75       75      [1]     109    i     79      79    [1]       77      77    [2]
  SW EXACTOR                        white      231     a      110      118     [2]     234    ab    107    105    [4]      108     112    [6]
                   LSD (P=.05) =               15.84                                  10.36
                   CV value (%) =               5.81                                   3.55

                                        Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )                       Last Year Tested
  AC ANTOINE                                                           117     [1]                          96    [2]   ( 2000 )   107    [3]
  AC BELMONT (h)                                                       75      [4]                          78    [8]   ( 2000 )    76   [12]
  AC ERNIE (h)                                                         71      [1]                          65    [2]   ( 1999 )    68    [3]
  AC HILL (h)                                                          53      [3]                          56    [4]   ( 1995 )    55    [7]
  AC MARIE                                                             100     [3]                          97    [5]   ( 1995 )    99    [8]
  AC MEDALLION                                                         116     [2]                          94    [5]   ( 2000 )   105    [7]
  AC PREAKNESS                                                         113     [4]                         102    [8]   ( 2000 )   108   [12]
  ATHABASCA                                                            88      [4]                          92    [2]   ( 1992 )    90    [6]
  CALIBRE                                                              97      [6]                         105    [5]   ( 1995 )   101   [11]
  CDC PACER                                                            103     [2]                         100    [5]   ( 2000 )   101    [7]
  ELVY                                                                                                     102    [2]   ( 1997 )   102    [2]
  DERBY                                                                101     [4]                          97    [8]   ( 2000 )    99   [12]
  FOOTHILL                                                             90      [4]                          91    [2]   ( 1992 )    91    [6]
  GRIZZLY                                                              90      [4]                          87    [2]   ( 1992 )    89    [6]
  JASPER                                                               105     [4]                          96    [8]   ( 2000 )   101   [12]
  ROBERT                                                               95      [6]                          95    [4]   ( 1994 )    95   [10]
  TERRA (h)                                                            67      [6]                          68    [5]   ( 1995 )    68   [11]
  TRIPLE CROWN                                                         110     [2]                         100    [3]   ( 2000 )   105    [5]
  WALDERN                                                              108     [5]                         109    [5]   ( 1995 )   109   [10]

  Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)                 * first year tested, very limited data available
   CASCADE - check variety                                                                                               (h) hulless variety




                                                                  Page 17
Oats                                                                       Variety Descriptions
                                             BC Peace Avg. (94-2001)     2001 Avg.   Resistance to
                                              Days              Bushel    Lodging




                                                                                      Shatter


                                                                                                Smuts
                                              to       Height   Weight   0-9 scale
Variety                          Type       Maturity    cm      lbs/bu   (0=nil)**                         Distributor

AC ASSINIBOIA             milling             110      100       40        0.8        G         F        Proven Seed
AC GWEN (OT 297)          hulless             127      120       46        0.1                              SeCan
AC JUNIPER                milling             108      101       42        0.3        G         F       Agricore United
AC KAUFMAN (OT 797)                           125      124       43        0.8                              SeCan
AC MORGAN                 milling             114      100       42         0                   F           SeCan
AC MUSTANG             feed / silage          109      109       42        0.8        G         F       Agricore United
AC PINNACLE               milling             115      101       41        2.8                  G       Quality Assured
AC REBEL                  milling             114       95       42        0.2                  G       Canterra Seeds
AC RONALD *                                   123      106       45        0.3                              SeCan
BULLION                   hulless             113       90       51         0                   P       Agricore United
CASCADE                    feed               109      108       40        1.4        G         P           SeCan
CDC BOYER                 milling             109      106       40        0.8        G         P           SeCan
CDC DANCER                milling             117      118       44        1.8                  G            Cargill
OT 7001 *                                     115      122       46        0.1                               Kibite
AC BOUDRIAS (OT 799) *                        125      125       44        0.3                          Quality / Kibite
SW EXACTOR                milling             112      100       40        0.3                  F       Quality Assured
                                     Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )
AC ANTOINE                      milling       106       85      39.2       G                     F       Quaker Oats
AC BELMONT                      hulless       109       94      41.1       G          G         G          SeCan
AC ERNIE                        hulless       108       85      42.4        F                   G
AC HILL                       hulless         106      106      44.7       G          G         G           SeCan
AC MARIE                    gen.purpose       109      100      38.6       G          G         G           SeCan
AC MEDALLION                    milling       109       97      39.7        F                   VG          Cargill
AC PREAKNESS                    milling       108      101      39.9        F         G         G        Proven Seed
ATHABASCA                       feed          103       87      40.3       G          G          P          SeCan
CALIBRE                         milling       109      100      42.0        F         G          P          SeCan
CDC PACER                       milling       108       93      41.5        F         G          F       Value Added
ELVY                        gen.purpose       109      104      42.5       G                     P       Proven Seed
DERBY                           milling       107      104      41.5       G          G          P       Proven Seed
FOOTHILL                       forage         105       99      39.0        F         G          P          SeCan
GRIZZLY                     feed / forage     107       90      40.5        F         G          P          public
JASPER                          milling       105      104      41.8        F         G          P          SeCan
ROBERT                                        106       93      39.8       G          G         G           SeCan
TERRA                          hulless        108       97      42.6       G          G          P
TRIPLE CROWN                    milling       108       92      38.5       VG                   G          Canterra
WALDERN                          feed         107      106      39.7       G          G          P          SeCan
         CASCADE - check variety
* first year tested, very limited data available
Protected by Plant Breeders' Rights                             Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for




                                                          Page 18
                        Oats                                      Regional Variety Performance 1994-2001

                    113
                                           SW Exactor         AC Morgan
                    111
                    109
                    107               AC Mustang

                    105       AC Juniper
                    103                                                AC Pinnacle

                    101
                                       CASCADE
                        99                                       AC Rebel
                              CDC Boyer
Yield as % of Cascade




                        97                                         OT 7001
                                                                             CDC Dancer                    AC Ronald
                        95
                        93
                        91
                        89                                                                                               AC Kaufman

                        87                  AC Assiniboia

                        85
                        83
                        81
                        79
                        77                                                                      AC Boudrais(OT 799)(h)
                        75
                                                                                                            AC Gwen (OT 297) (h)
                        73
                                                    Bullion (h)
                        71
                          107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128
                                                                Days to Mature




                        Oats are often sown to provide fodder in the form of silage or greenfeed. Oats will yield more silage or
                        greenfeed per unit area than any other cereal crop. If managed properly, it can provide 3-4.5 tons of dry
                        matter per acre, or more, of high quality feed containing up to 10 per cent protein. Many years of
                        comparing yields of oats with barley have shown oats to be superior in the Black and Grey Wooded soil
                        zones. Although the per cent protein level in barley is higher than in oats, the total amount of protein
                        produced on a given area is higher with oats than with barley. Oats have about 22-26 per cent hull
                        whereas barley averages about 12-14 per cent hull on a weight basis. When choosing a variety, the seed
                        yield as well as the forage yield should be considered, thereby keeping one's options open to harvest as
                        forage or grain. It is believed by some farmers that one variety might be better than another because it
                        appears leafier; however, tests on a number of varieties have shown very little variation in leafiness.

                        On heavier soils and in the more moist areas, lodging resistance should be considered. The variation in
                        straw feed quality between oat varieties is insignificant and should not be used as a variety selection
                        criterion. The average feed values are: protein - 4 per cent, fibre - 49 per cent, calcium - 0.27 per cent,
                        and phosphorus - 0.08 per cent.

                        Source: Alberta Agriculture, Food, and Rural Development website www.agric.gov.ab.ca




                                                                     Page 19
   SPRING TRITICALE
Triticale is a genetic cross (not a hybrid) developed by crossing wheat (Triticum turgidum or Triticum aestivum)
with rye (Secale cereal). All varieties of spring triticale currently available are approximately 10 days later
maturing than CWRS wheats, and as such they should not be grown in the B.C. Peace River region for grain
production. All three varieties entered here in this trial are earlier than other traditional spring triticale varieties,
and perhaps as breeding continues earlier lines may come along that we can grow for grain here. Their grain
yields are "attention grabbers", and so it is worth watching their development. Drought tolerance is the primary
advantage that spring triticales have over other spring cereal crops. Spring triticales are also a valuable
alternative to barley & oats forage and feed. It is for these reasons that data is included.


 Spring Triticale                                                                                      Yield as % of Pronghorn
                                   Dawson Creek                                               Fort St. John                      B.C. Peace
                                       2001 Yield                                               2001 Yield                   2001 Avr. Yield
 Variety                      bus /           % of Stn.                                 bus /           % of Stn.            Avg. Stn.
                              acre           check Yrs.                                 acre           check Yrs.             (%) Yrs.
 AC ULTIMA                      156 a                                114 [1]             150 a            101 [1]                107 [2]
 PRONGHORN                      137 b                                100 [1]             149 a            100 [1]                100 [2]
 SANDRO                         142 b                                104 [1]             145 a             97 [1]                100 [2]
             LSD (P=.05) =      9.79                                                    19.63
            CV value (%) =    3.90                                       7.68
 Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)
                                                                                                                     PRONGHORN - check variety


 Spring Triticale                                                                                      Variety Descriptions
                                                                               Bushel           TKW              0 - 9 scale; 0=nil
                               Maturity      Height                            Weight           (g /            Septoria
                                (days to)    (cm)                              (lbs/bus)        1000)           complex Ergot                      Distributor
 AC ULTIMA                      140                                  125        58.5            53.7                 3           0.6         Quality Assured
 PRONGHORN                      144                                  125        56.7            50.5                3.3          0.3          Progressive
 SANDRO                         148                                  117        58.5            49.6                1.5          3.1         Promark Seed

 Protected by Plant Breeders' Rights                                                                 Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for



                                                                     112
 Polish Canola                                                       110                                                          SW C3467
                                                                     108
     Regional Variety                                                                                                                  SW High Level
                                              Yield as % of Reward




                                                                     106

                                                                     104
        Performance
                                                                     102

         1996 - 2001                                                 100                       REWARD
                                                                      98

                                                                      96        41P55
                                                                      94

                                                                      92                                             Foothills

                                                                      90
                                                                        102    103     104     105     106     107    108   109        110   111     112    113
                                                                                                             Days to Mature




                                                                                             Page 20
           POLISH CANOLA
Polish canola ( Brassica rapa ) varieties generally yield 15 to 20% less than Argentine ( Brassica napus ) types, but mature two to three
weeks earlier. Polish varieties are more resistant to shattering and have seeds that are yellow-brown with generally less chlorophyll than
Argentine canola. Polish varieties are more susceptible to root maggot and brown girdling root rot damage. Brown girdling root rot is a
concern for Polish Canola in the B.C. Peace region, as it reduces yield and causes problems for swathing.

Blackleg has occurred in both the BC and Alberta Peace region, and Polish canola is susceptible to blackleg , although not as
susceptible as Argentine canola. This is because Polish canola matures earlier which tends to reduce the impact of this disease. Blackleg
resistant Polish canola varieties are not expected for another few years, and so to help prevent the spread of blackleg to your farm, plant
only certified seed (tested for blackleg ) in a minimum rotation of four years. All canola seed should be treated with the full rate of a seed
treatment that controls seed borne blackleg . Ensure that the seed treatment contains one of the following active ingredients: benomyl ,
carbathiin , iprodione or thiabendazole . Two races of white rust ( staghead ) exist in the area, Race 7a and 7v . All Polish varieties are
susceptible to race 7v. Another strain, 2a , has been recently identified in the Peace and is the subject of further study.

Seeding depth, like all canolas, should be 0.5 to 1.5 inches, and seed should be placed only deep enough to reach moisture - basically,
shallow is better than deep. If soil is dry down to two inch depth, it is better to seed shallow and wait for rain.




   Polish Canola                                                                                 Yield as % of Reward
                                                        Dawson Creek                        Fort St. John                   B.C. Peace
                                                   2001 Yield         1994-2001       2001 Yield         1994-2001      2001      1993-2001
   Variety                                    bus /          % of     Avg. Stn.    bus /          % of   Avg. Stn.      Avg.     Avg. Stn.
                                              acre          check     (%) Yrs.     acre          check    (%) Yrs.      (%)      (%) Yrs.
   SW C3467                                       45    a    102       102   [1]      42    a     118    118    [1]      110     110      [2]
   SW HIGH LEVEL                                  47    a    108       108   [1]      36    ab    103    107    [2]      105     107      [3]
   41P55                                          39    b    90        90    [1]      32    ab    92     101    [3]       91      96      [4]
   FOOTHILLS                                      39    b    88        93    [2]      30    b     85      92    [4]       86      92      [6]
   REWARD                                         44    a    100       100   [5]      35    ab    100    100    [8]      100     100     [13]
                    LSD (P=.05) =                4.24                               11.50
                    CV value (%) =               6.43                               17.43

                                        Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )                     Last Year Tested
   AC PARKLAND                                                         102   [1]                          94   [3]    ( 1992 )    98      [4]
   AC SUNBEAM                                                          121   [1]                         110   [4]    ( 2000 )   115      [5]
   AC SUNSHINE                                                         93    [3]                          89   [3]    ( 1996 )    91      [6]
   CASH                                                                102   [4]                          97   [6]    ( 2000 )    99     [10]
   CHINOOK                                                             81    [2]                          91   [2]    ( 1995 )    86      [4]
   COLT                                                                98    [2]                          95   [4]    ( 1994 )    97      [6]
   ELDORADO                                                            92    [3]                          97   [5]    ( 1995 )    95      [8]
   FAIRVIEW                                                            108   [2]                         107   [5]    ( 2000 )   107      [7]
   GOLDRUSH                                                            87    [3]                          93   [3]    ( 1996 )    90      [6]
   HORIZON                                                             98    [2]                          90   [4]    ( 1994 )    94      [6]
   HYSYN 100                                                           91    [3]                          94   [3]    ( 1996 )    93      [6]
   HYSYN 110                                                           104   [3]                         101   [5]    ( 2000 )   102      [8]
   HYSYN 111                                                           114   [2]                         107   [4]    ( 2000 )   111      [6]
   HYSYN 120 CS                                                        106   [1]                         104   [3]    ( 2000 )   105      [4]
   KLONDIKE                                                            97    [2]                          97   [2]    ( 1995 )    97      [4]
   MAVERICK                                                            97    [4]                          99   [7]    ( 2000 )    98     [11]
   NORWESTER                                                                                             106   [2]    ( 1998 )   106      [2]
   SHAMROCK                                                            83    [1]                          98   [2]    ( 1999 )    90      [3]
   VALLEYVIEW                                                          105   [1]                          96   [4]    ( 2000 )   100      [5]
   WESTWIN                                                             94    [2]                         108   [4]    ( 1998 )   101      [6]
Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)              * first year tested, very limited data available
           REWARD - check variety




                                                                   Page 21
Polish Canola                                                     Variety Descriptions
                          B.C.Peace Averages
                             (1994 - 2001)
                           Maturity   Height        Straw      Blackleg    White Rust
Variety           Type    (days to)    (cm)        Strength   Tolerance    Resistance          Distributor

SW C3467           OP           109                   F           4             1            Svalof Weibull
SW HIGH LEVEL      OP           112     94            F           4             1            Svalof Weibull
41P55              OP           103    115            F           4             2            Proven Seeds
FOOTHILLS          OP           107     86            F           4             1            Svalof Weibull
REWARD             OP           104     96            F           4             1               SeCan


                         Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1989-2000 )
AC PARKLAND                     99     78                                                          SeCan
AC SUNBEAM         OP          102     83             F           4             1                  SeCan
CASH               SYN         104     100            F           4             1               Moore Seed
CHINOOK                        105     105            F           4             1                Limagrain
COLT                            99      84                                                    Agricore United
ELDORADO                       101      85            F            4             4             Proven Seed
FAIRVIEW           SYN         104      97            F            4             3            Agricore United
GOLDRUSH                       102      84            F            4             1             Proven Seed
HORIZON                         99      79            F            4             4            Agricore United
HYSYN 110                      102     107            F            4             1                 Zeneca
HYSYN 111                      105     103            F            4             3                 Zeneca
HYSYN 120 CS                   104      87            F            4             2                 Zeneca
KLONDIKE                       107     111            F            4             1             Proven Seed
MAVERICK           OP          104      99            F            4             1            Agricore United
NORWESTER                      101     112            F            4             2             Prairie Seeds
SHAMROCK                       103      55            F            4             1            Svalof Weibull
VALLEYVIEW         OP          104      91            F            4             2            Agricore United
WESTWIN            SYN         102     106            F            4             1            Svalof Weibull
                                          EX = excellent, VG = very good, G = good, F = fair, P = poor
      REWARD - check variety               1 = tolerant, 2 = moderately tolerant, 3 = moderately
                                                susceptible, 4 = susceptible, 5 = highly susceptible
                                          OP = open pollinated, SYN = synthetic, HYB = hybrid
                                             * first year tested, very limited data available
                                               Protection by Plant Breeders' Rights
                                               Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for




                                                  Page 22
   ARGENTINE CANOLA

Argentine Canola                   (conventional)                              Yield as % of Legacy
                                 Dawson Creek                  Fort St. John                  B.C. Peace
                                2001     1997-2001           2001 1996-2001                2001     1996-2001
Variety               Type      % of     Avg. Stn.           % of Avg. Stn.                Avg.     Avg. Stn.
                               check      (%) Yrs.          check (%) Yrs.                 (%)      (%) Yrs.
46A65                 OP         113       113    [2]         102        99    [4]         108      106    [6]
CANTERRA 1492         HYB        115       110    [2]         118        105   [4]         116      107    [6]
BIANCA II *           OP         91         91    [1]         98         98    [1]         94       94     [2]
Hi-Q                  OP         105        94    [2]         104        102   [3]         105      98     [5]
HYCORE 601            HYB        113       113    [1]         122        114   [2]         117      114    [3]
IMC 105               OP         107       107    [1]         105        105   [1]         106      106    [2]
LEGACY                OP         100       100    [4]         100        100   [7]         100      100   [11]
LG3311                -          113       108    [2]         102        102   [3]         107      105    [5]
LG3525 *              -          104       104    [1]         101        101   [1]         102      102    [2]
LIBRED 279 *          OP         112       112    [1]         107        107   [1]         110      110    [2]
PEACE (A99-5N)        OP         102       102    [1]         95         95    [2]         98       99     [3]
Q2                    OP         108       103    [3]         108        107   [5]         108      105    [8]
SKYHAWK               OP         107       107    [1]         109        107   [2]         108      107    [3]
SP ARMADA *           OP         110       110    [1]         110        110   [1]         110      110    [2]
SWB5001               HYB        107       107    [1]         108        101   [2]         107      104    [3]
THUNDER               OP         119       119    [1]         108        106   [2]         113      112    [3]
                   Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1996-2000 )               Last Year Tested
44A89                                                                     88   [2]      ( 1998 ) 88        [2]
ASCENT                                    100     [1]                    106   [2]      ( 2000 ) 103 [3]
AGASSIZ                                    88     [1]                    100   [3]      ( 2000 ) 94        [4]
BATTLEFORD                                109     [1]                    101   [1]      ( 1999 ) 105 [2]
CANTERRA1134CA                             96     [1]                    101   [1]      ( 1999 ) 98        [2]
CANTERRA1174CA                            104     [1]                    109   [1]      ( 1999 ) 106 [2]
CLAVET                                     86     [1]                     95   [2]      ( 1998 ) 90        [3]
DEFENDER                                   92     [2]                     94   [4]      ( 1999 ) 93        [6]
EAGLE                                     103     [1]                     97   [3]      ( 1998 ) 100 [4]
FOREMOST                                   83     [1]                    102   [2]      ( 2000 ) 93        [3]
HERALD *                                                                 103   [1]      ( 2000 ) 103 [1]
HUDSON                                     85     [2]                     92   [3]      ( 1999 ) 88        [5]
HY-PER Star 100                           89      [1]                    104   [3]      ( 2000 ) 96        [4]
IMPULSE                                   105     [2]                    105   [4]      ( 1999 ) 105 [6]
LG 3220                                    90     [1]                     93   [1]      ( 1999 ) 91        [2]
LG 3333                                    95     [1]                     94   [2]      ( 1999 ) 94        [3]
LG3366                                     84     [1]                    102   [2]      ( 2000 ) 93        [3]
LG 3369                                   107     [1]                     86   [2]      ( 1999 ) 96        [3]
LG5347 *                                                                 112   [1]      ( 2000 ) 112 [1]
MAGELLAN                                  71      [1]                     99   [2]      ( 2000 ) 85        [3]
MAGNUM                                    81      [1]                     93   [5]      ( 2000 ) 87        [6]
OAC DYNAMITE                              80      [1]                     99   [1]      ( 1999 ) 90        [2]
OPTIMUM 500                                                               95   [2]      ( 1998 ) 95        [2]
PGS.3640                                  109     [1]                    109   [1]      ( 1999 ) 109 [2]
QUANTUM                                    93     [1]                    106   [4]      ( 1999 ) 100 [5]
SENTRY                                     84     [1]                    107   [2]      ( 1999 ) 95        [3]
SPRINT                                                                    82   [3]      ( 1998 ) 82        [3]
SW HOTSHOT *                                                              97   [1]      ( 2000 ) 97        [1]
SYNBRID 220                               93      [1]                    101   [1]      ( 1999 ) 97        [2]
                                                            * first year tested, very limited data available
    LEGACY - check variety                                  OP = Open Pollinated          SYN = Synthetic
                                                                                         HYB = Hybrid




                                         Page 23
             HERBICIDE TOLERANT CANOLA



   Argentine Canola                    (herbicide tolerant)                           Yield as % of Legacy
                                                Dawson Creek            Fort St. John                B.C. Peace
                                               2001    1998-2001      2001 1998-2001              2001     1998-2001
   Variety                       Type           % of   Avg. Stn.      % of Avg. Stn.              Avg.     Avg. Stn.
                                               check    (%) Yrs.     check (%) Yrs.               (%)      (%) Yrs.

   LEGACY                     conventional       100   100   [4]       100     100     [7]        100      100     [11]

   295 BX                   Navigator/Compas      99   95    [2]       107     101     [3]        103       98      [5]
   ARMOR BX                 Navigator/Compas     119   108   [2]       107     102     [3]        113       105     [5]
   CARTIER BX               Navigator/Compas     102   84    [2]       107     101     [3]        105       92      [5]
   RENEGADE BX *            Navigator/Compas     109   109   [1]       108     108     [1]        109       109     [2]
   ZODIAC BX                Navigator/Compas      94   94    [1]       104     100     [2]        99        97      [3]

   4.99RR                    Roundup-Ready       116   116   [1]       113     112     [2]        115       114     [3]
   45A55 *                   Roundup-Ready       113   113   [1]       98      98      [1]        105       105     [2]
   A99-13NR *                Roundup-Ready       108   108   [1]       103     103     [1]        105       105     [2]
   ARCHER *                  Roundup-Ready       119   119   [1]       107     107     [1]        113       113     [2]
   CANTERRA 1812 *           Roundup-Ready       112   112   [1]       106     106     [1]        109       109     [2]
   CANTERRA 1867             Roundup-Ready       104   104   [1]       101     100     [2]        103       102     [3]
   CONQUEST                  Roundup-Ready       104   98    [2]       101     103     [3]        102       101     [5]
   DS-ROUGHRIDER             Roundup-Ready       104   104   [1]       102     104     [2]        103       104     [3]
   HERITAGE                  Roundup-Ready       103   103   [1]       93      94      [2]        98        98      [3]
   HYLITE 225RR              Roundup-Ready       109   109   [1]       102     107     [2]        105       108     [3]
   HYOLA454RR                Roundup-Ready       105   105   [1]       105     105     [2]        105       105     [3]
   IMC 106RR *               Roundup-Ready       109   109   [1]       92      92      [1]        101       101     [2]
   KELSEY (A99-15NR)         Roundup-Ready       113   113   [1]       89      94      [2]        101       104     [3]
   LBD449RR *                Roundup-Ready       105   105   [1]       98      98      [1]        102       102     [2]
   LBD561RR *                Roundup-Ready       111   111   [1]       103     103     [1]        107       107     [2]
   LBD799RR-S *              Roundup-Ready       115   115   [1]       111     111     [1]        113       113     [2]
   LG3235                    Roundup-Ready       107   97    [2]       94      97      [3]        100       97      [5]
   LG3455                    Roundup-Ready       113   113   [1]       100     96      [2]        107       105     [3]
   RR CHAMPION *             Roundup-Ready       105   105   [1]       99      99      [1]        102       102     [2]
   SW GLADIATORR *           Roundup-Ready       125   125   [1]       121     121     [1]        123       123     [2]
   SW RAZOR                  Roundup-Ready       106   106   [1]       110     108     [2]        108       107     [3]
   SW RIDER                  Roundup-Ready       119   107   [2]       111     109     [3]        115       108     [5]

   INVIGOR2573                 Liberty Link      126   126   [1]       129     122     [2]        127       124     [3]
   INVIGOR2733 *               Liberty Link      126   126   [1]       129     129     [1]        127       127     [2]
   INVIGOR2663                 Liberty Link      126   126   [1]       129     123     [2]        127       124     [3]
   SW FLARE LL *               Liberty Link      109   109   [1]       113     113     [1]        111       111     [2]

   45A77 *                      Clearfield       116   116   [1]       123     123     [1]        119       119     [2]
   HYLITE 215 CL *              Clearfield       101   101   [1]       109     109     [1]        105       105     [2]
   HYLITE 243 CL *              Clearfield       106   106   [1]       113     113     [1]        110       110     [2]


                LEGACY - check variety                               * first year tested, very limited data available


Note: "System Varieties", (Clearfield, Roundup-Ready, Navigator/Compas, or Liberty Link), are grown together
in with "conventional" argentine varieties, and as such, conventional herbicide regimes are used to control weeds.
(Refer to page 6 for herbicides used).




                                                         Page 24
Argentine Canola                    (herbicide tolerant)                               Yield as % of Legacy
                                         Dawson Creek                  Fort St. John                        B.C. Peace
                                                 1998-2000                   1998-2000                          1998-2000
Variety                 Type                     Avg. Stn.                   Avg. Stn.                      Avg. Stn.
                                                  (%) Yrs.                    (%) Yrs.                      (%) Yrs.
                           Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1997-2000 )               Last Year Tested
2631LL                Liberty Link                71      [1]                     86   [3]       ( 2000 )     79       [4]
44A53 *             Round-Up Ready                                                97   [1]       ( 2000 )     97       [1]
45A51               Round-Up Ready                88      [1]                     97   [2]       ( 1999 )     93       [3]
45A54 *             Round-Up Ready                                               102   [1]       ( 2000 )    102       [1]
45A71                 Smart Trait                  97     [1]                     94   [3]       ( 1998 )     96       [4]
46A72                 Smart Trait                 115     [1]                    100   [2]       ( 1997 )    108       [3]
46A73                 Smart Trait                  90     [1]                     93   [2]       ( 1999 )     92       [3]
46A76                  Clearfield                  93     [1]                    110   [2]       ( 2000 )    101       [3]
46A52               Round-Up Ready                 83     [1]                    101   [1]       ( 1999 )     92       [2]
ADMIRAL BX         Navigator/Compas                81     [1]                    109   [1]       ( 1999 )     95       [2]
EXCEED                Liberty Link                 91     [1]                    102   [2]       ( 1999 )     96       [3]
INDEPENDENCE          Liberty Link                100     [1]                    106   [2]       ( 1997 )    103       [3]
INNOVATOR             Liberty Link                 95     [1]                    105   [3]       ( 1997 )    100       [4]
INVIGOR2153           Liberty Link                101     [1]                    104   [3]       ( 2000 )    103       [4]
INVIGOR2273           Liberty Link                106     [1]                    114   [2]       ( 2000 )    110       [3]
INVIGOR 2463          Liberty Link                109     [1]                    101   [1]       ( 1999 )    105       [2]
INVIGOR 2473          Liberty Link                 89     [1]                     93   [1]       ( 1999 )     91       [2]
INVIGOR 2563 *        Liberty Link                                               107   [1]       ( 2000 )    107       [1]
INVIGOR 2673 *        Liberty Link                                               119   [1]       ( 2000 )    119       [1]
LG3295              Round-Up Ready                 77     [1]                     92   [2]       ( 1999 )     84       [3]
LG3345              Round-Up Ready                 92     [1]                    109   [2]       ( 2000 )    100       [3]
LG DAWN             Round-Up Ready                107     [1]                    105   [2]       ( 2000 )    106       [3]
QUEST               Round-Up Ready                 96     [2]                     95   [4]       ( 1999 )     95       [6]
SW ARROW            Round-Up Ready                 94     [1]                    103   [3]       ( 2000 )     99       [4]
SW LEGION LL          Liberty Link                 90     [1]                    101   [1]       ( 1999 )     96       [2]
SW LIBERATOR *        Liberty Link                                                96   [1]       ( 2000 )     96       [1]
SW VULCAN LL *        Liberty Link                                               110   [1]       ( 2000 )    110       [1]
SW WARRIOR *        Round-Up Ready                                               100   [1]       ( 2000 )    100       [1]



          LEGACY - check variety                                    * first year tested, very limited data available




                                            Page 25
    Argentine Canola                                                                    Variety Descriptions
                                                        B.C. Peace Avg.
                                                         ( 1996-2001** )
                                                         Days to   Height     Straw     Blackleg
    Variety                Type   Herbicide Tolerance    Mature     cm       Strength   Tolerance            Distributor

    295 BX                OP      Navigator/Compas        125      122          G          3              Svalof Weibull Ltd.
    4.99RR                 -       Roundup-Ready          124      126                              Brett-Young/DSV/Prairie Seed
    45A55 *                -       Roundup-Ready          134                   G          1              UGG/Proven Seed
    45A77 *                -          Clearfield          133                                             UGG/Proven Seed
    46A65                 OP        (conventional)        120      109          G          1               Pioneer Hi-Bred
    A99-13NR *             -       Roundup-Ready          137                                               Agricore United
    ARCHER *               -       Roundup-Ready          134
    ARMOR BX              OP      Navigator/Compas        123      120          G          3             Svalof Weibull Ltd.
    BIANCA II *           OP        (conventional)        137                  EX          1              Quality Assured
    CANTERRA1492          HYB       (conventional)        125      118         VG          3                 Canterra
    CANTERRA1812 *        SYN      Roundup-Ready          133                  EX          2                 Canterra
    CANTERRA1867          OP       Roundup-Ready          128      128         VG          3                 Canterra
    CARTIER BX            OP      Navigator/Compas        123      121          G          2             Svalof Weibull Ltd.
    CONQUEST              OP       Roundup-Ready          124      126         EX          1              Agricore United
    DS-ROUGHRIDER         OP       Roundup-Ready          130      130         EX          3               Agriprogress
    HERITAGE              OP       Roundup-Ready          127      124         VG          2                IMC Cargill
    Hi-Q                  OP        (conventional)        126      121         EX          1              Agricore United
    HYCORE 601            HYB       (conventional)        131      129         VG          2              Agricore United
    HYLITE 215 CL*        OP          Clearfield          137                  EX          3                  Advanta
    HYLITE 225RR          OP       Roundup-Ready          122      127         EX          2                  Advanta
    HYLITE 243 CL *       OP          Clearfield          137                  EX          3                  Advanta
    HYOLA 454RR           HYB      Roundup-Ready          126      127         VG          2                  Advanta
    IMC 105               OP        (conventional)        133                  VG          3                IMC Cargill
    IMC 106RR *           OP       Roundup-Ready          134                  VG          2                IMC Cargill
    INVIGOR 2573          HYB        Liberty Link         133      128         VG          1                  Aventis
    INVIGOR 2663          HYB        Liberty Link         129      124         VG          1                  Aventis
    INVIGOR 2733 *        HYB        Liberty Link         133                  VG          2                  Aventis
    KELSEY (A99-15NR)     OP       Roundup-Ready          126      123         EX          2              Agricore United
    LBD449RR *            OP       Roundup-Ready          129                  EX          1             Brett-Young/DSV
    LBD561RR *            OP       Roundup-Ready          132                  VG          2             Brett-Young/DSV
    LBD799RR-S *          SYN      Roundup-Ready          134                  VG          2             Brett-Young/DSV
    LEGACY                OP        (conventional)        121      114                                   Svalof Weibull Ltd.
    LG3235                OP       Roundup-Ready          122      118         VG          2                 Limagrain
    LG3311                OP        (conventional)        123      118          G          1                 Limagrain
    LG3455                OP       Roundup-Ready          125      130         VG          2                 Limagrain
    LG3525 *               -       Roundup-Ready          134
    LIBRED 279 *          OP        (conventional)        135                  VG          2             Brett-Young/DSV
    PEACE (A99-5N)        OP        (conventional)        118      122         VG          2              Agricore United
    Q2                    OP        (conventional)        125      109         EX          1              Agricore United
    RENEGADE BX *         OP      Navigator/Compas        134                  VG          2              Sask Wheat P.
    RR CHAMPION *         OP       Roundup-Ready          134                  VG          2               Prairie Seeds
    SKYHAWK               OP        (conventional)        125      125          G          1             Newfield/Promark
    SP ARMADA *           OP        (conventional)        135                  VG          2              Sask Wheat P.
    SW FLARE LL *         OP         Liberty Link         133                  VG          2             Quality Assured
    SW GLADIATORR *       SYN      Roundup-Ready          131                  VG          2              Quality Assured
    SW RAZOR              SYN      Roundup-Ready          125      124         VG          2                Bonis & Co.
    SW RIDER              SYN      Roundup-Ready          124      118         VG          3                Bonis & Co.
    SWB5001               HYB       (conventional)        126      130         VG          1                Bonis & Co.
    THUNDER               OP        (conventional)        126      126          G          2               DSV Canada
    ZODIAC BX             OP      Navigator/Compas        127      127          G          2              Svalof Weibull
1996-2001** = averaged data period for conventional types, 1998-2001 for herbicide tolerant types.
   Protection by Plant Breeders' Rights                      EX = excellent, VG = very good, G = good, F = fair, P = poor
   Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for        1 = tolerant, 2 = moderately tolerant, 3 = moderately
                                                                  susceptible, 4 = susceptible, 5 = highly susceptible
                                                            OP = open pollinated, SYN = synthetic, HYB = hybrid




                                                                   Page 26
    Argentine Canola                                                                        Variety Descriptions

                                                        B.C.Peace Avg.
                                                          ( 1996-2000** )
                                                          Days to   Height        Straw     Blackleg
    Variety                Type   Herbicide Tolerance     Mature      cm         Strength   Tolerance      Distributor

                                   Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1996-2000 ** )

    2631LL                  OP       Liberty Link          115       111           G           3           Bonis & Co.
    44A53 *                 OP     Roundup-Ready           111       124           G           1             Proven
    45A54 *                 OP     Roundup-Ready           122       129           G           1        Pioneer Hi-Bred
    46A76                   OP        Clearfield           124       124           G           1          Proven Seed
    Agassiz                 OP      (conventional)         125       124           G           2           Brett Young
    ASCENT                  OP      (conventional)         120       128           G           3           Brett Young
    FOREMOST                OP      (conventional)         121       124           VG          2            Seed-Link
    HERALD *                        (conventional)         112       127                                   Brett Young
    HY-PER Star 100        HYB      (conventional)         119       117           VG          3          Agriprogress
    INVIGOR 2153           HYB       Liberty Link          118       117           G           3             AgrEvo
    INVIGOR 2273           HYB       Liberty Link          122       131           G           2             AgrEvo
    INVIGOR 2563 *         HYB       Liberty Link          119       126                                     Aventis
    INVIGOR 2673 *         HYB       Liberty Link          125       127                                     Aventis
    LG3345                 OP      Roundup-Ready           117       117           VG          2            Limagrain
    LG3366                 OP       (conventional)         118       118           G           1            Limagrain
    LG5347 *               OP       (conventional)         111       129                                    Limagrain
    LG DAWN                OP      Roundup-Ready           114       117           VG          2            Limagrain
    MAGELLAN               OP       (conventional)         123       126           G           3           IMC Cargill
    MAGNUM                 OP       (conventional)         120       116           G           2            Limagrain
    SW ARROW               OP      Roundup-Ready           118       112           G           3           Bonis & Co.
    SW HOTSHOT *                    (conventional)         105       126
    SW LIBERATOR *                   Liberty Link          108       125                                 Svalof Weibull
    SW VULCAN LL *                   Liberty Link          101       126
    SW WARRIOR *            OP     Roundup-Ready           108       125            G          2          Bonis & Co.

1996-2000** = averaged data period for conventional types, 1998-2000 for herbicide tolerant types.
OP = Open Pollinated     SYN = Synthetic            HYB = Hybrid




                          Protected by Plant Breeders' Rights :

                          45A54                          CANTERRA1867             LG3345
                          46A65                          LEGACY                   MAGNUM
                          46A76                          LG3235                    Q2

                          Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights has been applied for :

                          295 BX                         Hi-Q                     PEACE (A99-5N)
                          ARMOR BX                       HYLITE 215 CL*           RENEGADE BX *
                          CARTIER BX                     HYLITE 225RR             RR CHAMPION *
                          CONQUEST                       HYLITE 243 CL *          SKYHAWK
                          DS-ROUGHRIDER                  LG3311                   SW ARROW
                          HERITAGE                       LG3455                   SW FLARE LL *




                                                Page 27
                                            Argentine Canola                                    Regional Variety Performance 1996-2001

                  128
                  127                                                                                                             INVIGOR2733 *
                  126
                  125
                  124                                                        INVIGOR2663
                                                                                                                                        INVIGOR2573
                  123                                                                             SW GLADIATORR *
                  122
                  121      Note: Please be advised that in 2001, the maturities for argentine canolas were
                  120      affected by unusually dry autumn conditions, which condensed maturation
                  119                                                                                                             45A77 *
                           differences and delayed colour change as a whole. As this chart is composed of an
                  118      average of only a few years for most varieties, the effect will be noticeable.
                  117      Hopefully, 2002 will produce more normal fall weather. This concern was not just
                  116
                           unique to the BC Peace in 2001.
                  115
                  114                                                                                                      4.99RR
                                                                                                                                              ARCHER * HYCORE 601
Yield as % of Legacy




                  113
                  112                                                                                           THUNDER                       LBD799RR-S *
                  111                                                                                                      SW FLARE LL *
                  110                                                                                                                                  SP ARMADA *
                                                                                                                                                  LIBRED 279 *          HYLITE 243 CL *
                  109                                                                                          CANTERRA 1812 *          RENEGADE BX *
                  108                                             HYLITE 225RR                    SW RIDER
                  107                                                                                LBD561RR *            SW RAZOR CANTERRA 1492
                                                                                                                    SKYHAWKIMC 105        46A65
                  106
                                                                                              HYOLA454RR                               45A55 *                                A99-13NR *
                  105                                                                                      ARMOR BX        LG3455      LG3311 Q2              HYLITE 215 CL *
                  104                                                                                                 DS-ROUGHRIDER                                      SWB5001
                                                                                              KELSEY (A99-15NR)
                  103                                                                                                             CANTERRA 1867
                  102                                                                                            RR CHAMPION *
                                                                      LBD449RR *                                                       LG3525 *
                  101                                                                               CONQUEST
                                                                                                                                 IMC 106RR *
                  100                                                                                        LEGACY
                   99              PEACE (A99-5N)                                                              HERITAGE
                   98                                                                                                                         Hi-Q       295 BX
                   97                                                                                             LG3235                       ZODIAC BX
                   96
                   95
                   94                                                                                                                                                         BIANCA II *
                   93
                   92                                                                                                CARTIER BX
                   91
                     125        126           127           128           129           130           131         132         133           134       135         136      137            138
                                                                                                      Days to Maturity
        FIELD PEAS

 Field Pea (Yellow Seed)                                                                     Yield as % of Carrera **
                               Designated           Dawson Creek                          Fort St. John                B.C. Peace
                                Powdery         2001 Yield   1999-2001                 2001 Yield     1999-2001     2001 1999-2001
 Variety                         Mildew       bus /     % of Avg. Stn.              bus /      % of Avg. Stn.       Avg. Avg. Stn.
                                Resistant     acre     check (%) Yrs.                acre     check (%) Yrs.         (%) (%) Yrs.

 BADMINTON                                      78 b   87            87       [1]     79 c-f 91       94    [2]       89    91   [3]
 BRAVO                                          65 c   72            76       [2]     71 efg 81       83    [3]       77    80   [5]
 CARRERA                                        90 a   100          100       [2]     87 abc 100     100    [3]      100   100   [5]
 CDC MINUET (CDC 9805)            yes           64 c   72            72       [1]     58 h   67       82    [2]       69    77   [3]
 CEB 1484*                                      83 ab 92             92       [1]     85 abc 97       97    [1]       95    95   [2]
 CEB 1489*                        yes           77 b   86            86       [1]     64 gh  73       73    [1]       79    79   [2]
 COBRA                                          83 ab 93             96       [2]     74 d-g 84       95    [3]       89    96   [5]
 DELTA                                          82 ab 91             91       [2]     81 c-f 92       98    [3]       92    94   [5]
 DS ADMIRAL *                                   83 ab 92             92       [1]     83 a-d 95       95    [1]       94    94   [2]
 DS STALWARTH                     yes           77 b   85            85       [1]     86 abc 98       93    [2]       92    89   [3]
 ECLIPSE                                        66 c   73            73       [1]     78 c-f 89       86    [2]       81    80   [3]
 INTEGRA                                        89 a   99            97       [2]     92 ab 105       95    [3]      102    96   [5]
 MIAMI                                          89 a   99            94       [2]     86 abc 99       95    [3]       99    94   [5]
 NICOLE                                         84 ab 94             94       [2]     85 a-d 97       92    [3]       95    93   [5]
 SW Cabaret*                                    85 ab 95             95       [1]     94 a   107     107    [1]      101   101   [2]
 SW Salute *                      yes           75 bc 83             83       [1]     71 fg  81       81    [1]       82    82   [2]
 SWING                                          85 ab 94             94       [2]     82 b-e 94       90    [3]       94    92   [5]
                LSD (P=.05) =                   10.561                                11.181
               CV value (%) =                     9.27                                  8.41
                             Varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1999-2000 )                        Last Year Tested

 4-0409-027                                                         103 [1]                            95   [2]   ( 2000 ) 99    [3]
 AC MELFORT                                                          75 [1]                            77   [2]   ( 2000 ) 76    [3]
 ALFETTA                                                                                              105   [1]   ( 2000 ) 105   [1]
 BACCARA                                                             98       [1]                      98   [2]   ( 2000 ) 98    [3]
 CARNEVAL                                                            94       [1]                      81   [2]   ( 2000 ) 88    [3]
 CDC HANDEL                                                                                            88   [1]   ( 2000 ) 88    [1]
 CDC MOZART                                                                                           112   [1]   ( 2000 ) 112   [1]
 CROMA                                                               84       [1]                     101   [2]   ( 2000 ) 92    [3]
 SW 955180 *                                                                                           79   [1]   ( 2000 ) 79    [1]

 Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)

Note: Powdery Mildew ratings (see "Descriptions"), do not always agree with designated PM resistance, which
raises concerns. Where the strains experienced in the South Peace in 2001 a different tougher strain of
powdery mildew? Only the South Peace (Dawson Creek site) had powdery mildew present in 2001.
**New check variety as of 2001. Historical data on this page has been updated to reflect this change.
   See Page 32 for more extensive listing of varieties no longer tested.
* first year tested, very limited data available.
           CARRERA - check variety


Research from Beaverlodge Research Station, Alberta, has shown that in Peace Country soils, granular
inoculant gives improved performance as compared to other forms of inoculant, while soils are under
environmental stress. Such stresses to be considered are soils that are too wet, too dry, or under low pH.




                                                             Page 29
 Field Pea (Green Seed)                                                         Yield as % of Nitouche **

                         Designated           Dawson Creek                          Fort St. John                B.C. Peace
                            Powdery       2001 Yield   1999-2001                 2001 Yield    1999-2001      2001 1999-2001
 Variety                     Mildew     bus /     % of Avg. Stn.              bus /      % of Avg. Stn.       Avg. Avg. Stn.
                            Resistant   acre     check (%) Yrs.               acre      check (%) Yrs.         (%) (%) Yrs.

 AP9540-43 *                               86   bc     103     103   [1]        85   ab     103   103 [1]      103     103   [2]
 Bluebird *                   yes          73   fg     88       88   [1]        65   fg     79     79 [1]       83      83   [2]
 CASCADE                                   78   c-g    93      100   [2]        74   cde    90     90 [1]       91      95   [3]
 CDC MONTERO                  yes          53   i      63       63   [1]        60   g      72     72 [1]       68      68   [2]
 CEB1171 *                    yes          71   gh     85       85   [1]        67   efg    81     81 [1]       83      83   [2]
 DS DOMINATOR *               yes          17   j      21       21   [1]        42   h      51     52 [2]       36      37   [3]
 ESPACE                                    76   efg    91       94   [2]        78   bcd    94    110 [3]       93     102   [5]
 FABIA *                                  100   a      119     119   [1]        85   ab     103   103 [1]      111     111   [2]
 LOGAN                                     64   h      77       77   [1]        81   abc    99     98 [2]       88      87   [3]
 M98 *                                     80   c-f    96       96   [1]        86   a      104   104 [1]      100     100   [2]
 MILLENNIUM                                92   ab     110     110   [1]        84   ab     102   112 [2]      106     111   [3]
 NITOUCHE                                  84   b-e    100     100   [2]        83   ab     100   100 [3]      100     100   [5]
 SCUBA                                     77   d-g    92       88   [2]        72   def    87     99 [3]       89      94   [5]
 SW PARADE                    yes          72   gh     86       93   [2]        72   def    87     98 [3]       87      95   [5]
 TOLEDO                                    85   bcd    102      99   [2]        82   ab     100    99 [3]      101      99   [5]
 VENTURE                                   84   b-e    100     100   [1]        78   bcd    94     96 [2]       97      98   [3]
           LSD (P=.05) =                      8.482                               8.167
           CV value (%) =                       7.97                                 6.57

                        Most recent varieties not tested in 2001 ( Averages 1999-2000 )                 Last Year Tested


 AC ADVANTAGE                 yes                                                                  87 [1] ( 2000 ) 87        [1]
 ADAGIO                                                        110 [1]                            116 [2] ( 2000 ) 113       [3]
 PEKISKO                                                        95 [1]                            103 [1] ( 2000 ) 99        [2]

 Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)

Note: Powdery Mildew ratings (see "Descriptions"), do not always agree with designated PM resistance,
which raises concerns. Where the strains experienced in the South Peace in 2001 a different tougher
strain of powdery mildew? Only the South Peace (Dawson Creek site) had powdery mildew present in
**New check variety as of 2001. Historical Data has been updated to reflect this change as of
1999. See Page 32 for more extensive listing of varieties no longer tested.
* first year tested, very limited data available.

           NITOUCHE - check variety




                                                                        Page 30
    Field Peas                                        Variety Descriptions
                                                                               DC Site 2001
                           B.C.Peace Averages              Averages          0-9 scale (0=nil)**
                                 1996-2001                1997-2001




                                                                                phaerella


                                                                                            Powdery
                                                                                Mycos-




                                                                                            Mildew
                         Days to Height Lodging         1000 k Protein




                                                                                Blight
    Variety              Mature   cm     0-9(flat)      grams    %                                    Distributor
                                                   Yellow Seed
    BADMINTON              116      64         5         266       26.1           5.0       2.0   West-Sun
    BRAVO                  110      67         2         254       27.0           3.5       2.4 Agricore United
    CARRERA                108      53         4         271       26.7           5.5       2.1   Canseed
    CDC MINUET             118      81         4         194       26.5           3.7       0.0 CDC Saskatoon
    CEB 1484*              119      78         3         243       25.5           3.7       1.0   St. Denis
    CEB 1489*              116      65         6         261       26.2           4.5       1.0   Canterra
    COBRA                  109      68         3         240       26.5           3.7       3.0    Canterra
    DELTA                  106      60         2         249       27.3           5.0       3.0 Quality Assured
    DS ADMIRAL *           116      86         3         245       26.6           3.0       0.3 Quality Assured
    DS STALWARTH           114      80         3         235       26.0           4.5       1.9     SeCan
    ECLIPSE                119      79         2         248       22.9           4.0       0.5 Quality Assured
    INTEGRA                106      68         2         278       26.5           3.0       1.7    St. Denis
    MIAMI                  106      66         2         244       26.4           3.3       4.7 Quality Assured
    NICOLE                 106      44         4         273       26.3           5.3       2.3 Quality Assured
    SW Cabaret*            118      79         1         214       25.5           3.5       1.4   Canterra
    SW Salute *            117      87         5         224       26.2           4.3       0.0   Newfield
    SWING                  107      64         3         251       26.3           4.0       3.6    Canseed

         CARRERA - check variety
                                                   Green Seed

    AP9540-43 *       112                78    2         220       27.1           3.0       3.5 Agricore United
    Bluebird *        113                59    5         249       26.2           5.3       0.3
    CASCADE           117                79    3         228       27.2           4.0       4.5     Canterra
    CDC MONTERO       117                76    5         206       27.0           4.0       3.0 CDC Saskatoon
    CEB1171 *         116                69    5         264       27.2           5.7       2.3    Canterra
    DS DOMINATOR      120                72    2         209       24.9           3.3       0.0 Quality Assured
    ESPACE            111                63    2         233       25.7           3.7       5.3    St. Denis
    FABIA *           116                81    2         245       26.1           3.7       5.3
    LOGAN             115                80    1         193       27.0           3.5       3.5 Agricore United
    M98 *             111                67    2         260       27.3           3.7       3.3    Terramax
    MILLENIUM         121                59    3         269       27.3           4.3       3.7    Terramax
    NITOUCHE          109                68    2         276       27.3           5.0       6.0    Canseed
    SCUBA             110                68    2         231       26.4           4.0       4.0 Quality Assured
    SW PARADE         111                64    4         203       26.7           4.0       2.7   Sask Pool
    TOLEDO            108                65    2         279       26.7           4.7       3.3     Canterra
    VENTURE           120                76    3         229       26.3           5.0       4.5 Johnson Seeds
        NITOUCHE - check variety

                                                                 * first year tested, very limited data available
                                                                 ** 0 - 9 scale; 0 = none, 9 = 100% affected
Some varieties may not be suitable for the human consumption market. Producers should contact their
intended buyer/processor before seeding to ensure the marketability of specific varieties. Many green seeded
varieties will bleach if exposed to periods of wetting and drying in the field near harvest. Uncleaned, damaged
seed is considered to be low quality and is only suitable for the feed market. The amount of seed coat
damage suffered during harvest will vary with variety. Seed splitting may be reduced if the peas are harvested
tough ( 20% moisture ) and dried slowly in an aeration bin.




                                               Page 31
Field Pea Varieties not tested in 2001                                                          Yield as % of Carneval (on this page only)
                           Dawson Creek          Fort St. John                   B.C.Peace
                               1992-2000          1992-2000                      1992-2000
                           Average               Average                        Average              Days to Height   1000 k Lodging
Variety                        Yield   Stn.Yrs    Yield    Stn.Yrs               Yield    Stn.Yrs    Mature   cm      grams 1-9 (flat)        Distributor

Varieties not tested in 2001                                 Last Year Tested

4-0409-027                     110     [1]        117      [2]       ( 2000 )    114      [3]         101      57     230        2           Agriprogress
AC ADVANTAGE (g)               79      [1]        89       [1]       ( 2000 )    84       [3]         106     45      240        5            SeCan
AC MELFORT                     81      [1]        102      [3]       ( 2000 )    91       [4]         105     40      208        4           Canterra
ADAGIO (g)                     119     [1]        117      [3]       ( 2000 )    118      [4]         103     51      250        4          Performance
ALFETTA                        112     [1]        112      [3]       ( 2000 )    112      [4]         102     59      332        2          Performance
ASTINA (g)                     104     [1]        96       [2]       ( 1999 )    100      [3]         102     50      245        2             Canseed
BACCARA                        105     [1]        111      [3]       ( 2000 )    108      [4]         101     46      292        3       St. Denis Seed Farm
BARONESS                       108     [4]        119      [3]       ( 1996 )    114      [7]         109     92      309        4          Columbia Seed
CANIS                                             106      [2]       ( 1998 )    106      [2]         105     67      216        2          Svalof Weibull
CARNEVAL                       100     [2]        100      [4]       ( 2000 )    100      [6]         102     68      227        2        Agricore United
CDC HANDEL                     107     [1]        107      [2]       ( 2000 )    107      [3]         103     54      192        3              CDC
CDC MOZART                     106     [1]        133      [2]       ( 2000 )    120      [3]         103     49      230        4              CDC
CDC WINFIELD                   100     [1]        100      [1]       ( 1997 )    100      [2]         109     66      282        6              SeCan
CELESTE                        94      [3]        100      [3]       ( 1995 )    97       [6]         101     72      271        6             Agricore
COLUMBA (g)                    104     [1]        97       [2]       ( 1999 )    101      [3]         103     56      237        3             Advanta
CPB CONCORDE                   84      [2]        94       [2]       ( 1997 )    89       [4]         97      56      296        9           CPB Canada
CPB PHANTOM (g)                107     [2]        90       [3]       ( 1998 )    98       [5]         103     59      328        5           CPB Canada
CROMA                          90      [1]        114      [3]       ( 2000 )    102      [4]         102     43      288        3            Canterra
DISCOVERY                      103     [2]        106      [2]       ( 1997 )    104      [4]         104     80      333        6           Bonis & Co.
EIFFEL                         107     [1]        92       [2]       ( 1998 )    100      [3]         104     72      313        3           Agriprogress
EXPLORER (g)                                      100      [2]       ( 1998 )    100      [2]         105     71      275        5          Svalof Weibull
EXPRESS                        104     [3]        114      [3]       ( 1995 )    109      [6]         111     83      237        7           Bonis & Co.
FLUO                           92      [3]        113      [3]       ( 1995 )    103      [6]         102     65      335        4          Columbia Seed
GRANDE                         108     [3]        128      [3]       ( 1997 )    118      [6]         107     91      266        7           Bonis & Co.
HIGHLIGHT                      101     [3]        98       [3]       ( 1995 )    100      [6]         108     85      219        4           Bonis & Co.
INTEGRA                        103     [1]        98       [1]       ( 1999 )    100      [2]         101     52      231        2       St. Denis Seed Farm
KEOMA (g)                      102     [4]        103      [4]       ( 1998 )    102      [8]         101     68      233        5          Agricore United
MAJORET (g)                    96      [3]        93       [3]       ( 1997 )    94       [6]         106     85      270        2           Bonis & Co.
MANDY                          99      [1]        95       [1]       ( 1997 )    97       [2]         106     76      313        5        Terramax Holdings
MARCO                          102     [1]        97       [1]       ( 1997 )    100      [2]         104     68      280        3           Bonis & Co.
MONTANA                        99      [4]        118      [3]       ( 1996 )    109      [7]         101     60      314        4             Canseed
MUSTANG                        97      [2]        94       [2]       ( 1997 )    95       [4]         100     79      218        6        Brett-Young Seeds
OLIVIN (g)                     98      [1]        85       [1]       ( 1997 )    91       [2]         107     86      322        8        Terramax Holdings
PEKISKO (g)                    102     [1]        95       [3]       ( 2000 )    99       [4]         96      55      171        2         Agricore United
PROFI                          96      [2]        85       [2]       ( 1997 )    91       [4]         100     80      281        6              SeCan
SW 955180                                         100      [1]       ( 2000 )    100      [1]                 80      273
TENOR                          101     [1]        94       [1]       ( 1997 )    97       [2]         107     86      294        5           Agriprogress
TOTEM (g)                      99      [2]        99       [2]       ( 1997 )    99       [4]         106     68      263        8           Bonis & Co.
YORKTON                        101     [2]        95       [2]       ( 1997 )    98       [4]         107     85      272        7           Bonis & Co.



(g) green seed




                                                                                 Page 32
                           Field Peas                                       Regional Variety Performance 1999 - 2001




                                                                         Field Peas - Yellow Seed

                          102
                                                                                                                                        SW CABARET*
                          100                          CARRERA
                           98
                           96              INTEGRA         COBRA
                                    DELTA
                                       MIAMI                                                                                                  CEB 1484*
                           94                                                                                          DS ADMIRAL *
  Yield as % of Carrera




                                       NICOLE
                           92                SWING
                                                                                                                       BADMINTON
                           90
                                                                                                           DS STALWARTH
                           88
                           86
                           84
                           82                                                                                                    SW SALUTE *

                           80                                       BRAVO                                                             ECLIPSE
                                                                                                                    CEB 1489*
                           78
                                                                                                                                        CDC MINUET
                           76
                             105            107            109              111             113             115             117                119
                                                                                   Days to Mature




                                                                           Field Peas - Green Seed


                          115
                          110                                                                          FABIA *
                                                                                                                                            MILLENNIUM
                          105
                                                       ESPACE        AP9540-43 *
                          100                 NITOUCHE     M98 *
                                                                                                                                        VENTURE
                           95      TOLEDO                    SW PARADE                                           CASCADE
                                             SCUBA
                           90
Yield as % of Nitouche




                                                                                               LOGAN
                           85
                                                                              BLUEBIRD *               CEB1171 *
                           80
                           75
                           70
                                                                                                                 CDC MONTERO
                           65
                           60
                           55
                           50
                           45
                           40                                                                                                   DS DOMINATOR *
                           35
                             107     108    109      110   111     112      113     114     115      116    117     118     119       120      121       122
                                                                                   Days to Mature



          Properly inoculated peas grown in a rotation with other crops can offer considerable benefits. Crops following peas require
          less added nitrogen and benefit from improved soil tilth. Peas do not grow well in wet poorly drained soils. However, pea
          plants that are well inoculated and carry an abundance of active nodules can withstand wetter than normal field conditions.
          Due to large differences in seed size between varieties, seeding rates can vary from 180 lbs/acre to 300 lbs/acre. You
          must consider the 1000 kernel weight of your seed lot, percent germination of the seed, seed vigour and the soil condition
          at the time of planting, See page 3 on how to calculate seeding rates.


                                                                            Page 33
         FLAX


Fields of flax have been successfully grown in our region for many years, however growing flax in the B.C.
Peace River region is still at present a risky venture. Large acreage should be discouraged until further
breeding programs has resulted in earlier maturing varieties. The B.C. Grain Producers Association is
looking into the development of earlier varieties, and therefore this information is being provided here.




  Flax                                                                                                Yield as % of NORLIN
                                    Dawson Creek                                            Fort St. John             B.C. Peace               Variety
                                        2001 Yield                                              2001 Yield            2001 Avg. Yield    Descriptions
  Variety                         bus /         % of Stn.                                bus /         % of Stn.       Avg. Stn.      Maturity Height
                                  acre         check Yrs.                                acre         check Yrs.       (%) Yrs.       (days to) (cm)
  AC CARNDUFF                      47   bc                       101         [1]          41    a      99       [1]    100    [2]           136       63
  AC LIGHTNING                     46   cd                       100         [1]          41    a      97       [1]    98     [2]           140       61
  CDC BETHUNE                      51   a                        110         [1]          41    a      98       [1]    104    [2]           138       61
  CDC NORMANDY                     46   cd                       99          [1]          42    a      100      [1]    99     [2]           138       65
  CDC VALOUR                       45   cd                       97          [1]          41    a      98       [1]    97     [2]           141       60
  LINOLA 1084                      49   ab                       106         [1]          41    a      98       [1]    102    [2]           143       64
  NORLIN                           46   cd                       100         [1]          42    a      100      [1]    100    [2]           138       66
  TAURUS                           44   d                        95          [1]          40    a      95       [1]    95     [2]           143       64
               LSD (P=.05) =     2.33                                                    3.77
              CV value (%) =     3.39                                                    6.22

  Means followed by the same letter do not significantly differ (P=.05, LSD)                                     NORLIN - check variety
  Protected by Plant Breeders' Rights                                                           Protection under Plant Breeders' Rights applied for




                                                                     106
  FLAX
     Regional Variety                                                104                              CDC Bethune


         Performance
                                              Yield as % of Norlin




                                                                     102                                                               Linola 1084

                2001
                                                                     100             AC Carnduff             NORLIN
                                                                                                             CDC Normandy

                                                                                                                        AC Lightning
                                                                     98
                                                                                                                                       CDC Valour

                                                                     96
                                                                                                                                           Taurus


                                                                     94
                                                                       135         136          137    138     139     140          141      142     143
                                                                                                         Days to Mature



                                                                                                Page 34
        Flax


Where to Place Flax in Crop Rotations:

Flax is quickly becoming a stubble-sown crop. However, with better weed control options out there now,
conventional planting will work too, as long as it is a fairly clean field to start with. In fact, flax has now
often been referred to as a "clean-up crop" in rotations.

Flax does well after cereals, but research has shown that in many parts of the prairies flax can do
poorly after canola or mustard crops. This is due to toxic compounds in mature canola and mustard
plants and their seedling residues. The problem is most evident where straw and trash from the
previous canola crop has not been adequately spread on the soil surface. Canola straw should,
therefore, be spread uniformly, and spring volunteer seedlings should be controlled at an early stage in
order to minimize possible toxic effects. Seeding into untilled canola stubble can also minimize the
problem. Flax does do well after legume crops, but Rhizoctonia disease can become a problem. Wheat
has shown to be the most acceptable crop to follow flax, but barley also performed well on flax stubble.


Environmental Stress and Disorders:

There are some environmental disorders that can effect your flax crop, which are associated with an
imbalance of nutrient elements in the plant during environmental stress. Such disorders are often found
in soils under high moisture conditions where leaf chlorosis (yellowing) may occur. Terminal bud
dieback and the development of basal branching may or may not accompany the yellowing. As well,
cankers on the stems can form, which are caused by very high or freezing temperatures when the crop
is in early stages of growth. This latter situation may commonly be inconspicuous, but stands may be
reduced by as much as 50%. Canker damage is usually most severe in thin stands on light soils, while
leaf chlorosis is usually on heavier saturated soils. Placing seed and fertilizer properly, as well as
picking varieties more tolerant to our Peace River spring conditions, will help prevent the situation. If
either situation does occur, delaying herbicide applications during the recovery period is also very
important, as herbicides will only compound the problem and delay maturity possibly beyond
recoverable limits here in the Peace River region.


Fertilizer Placement:

Flax is very sensitive to seed-placed fertilizer with even low rates sometimes causing seedling injury.
Some provinces recommend a low rate of phosphate - not more than 20 kg/ha (18 lb./ac.) of P205 -
may be seed-placed, while others recommend that no fertilizer be placed with the seed. Considerable
research evidence has shown that placement of phosphate 25 mm (1 inch) to the side and 25 mm (1
inch) below the seed is an effective method to supply phosphorus requirements of the flax plant.
Nitrogen (N) should not be placed directly with the seed. These practices are followed by BC Grain
Producers Association.



Adapted from Growing Flax, published in 2001 by the Flax Council of Canada , and Alberta Agriculture
Food and Rural Development "Roping the Net" website. For most complete and up to date information
on growing flax, visit the Flax Council of Canada's website at: www.flaxcouncil.ca.




                                            Page 35
     Summary of Trials 2001
                                                               (Information used for this report)
Regional Variety Trials                     Site    Varieties Replicates Plots                        Source
Regional 2 Row Barley                       DC            15        4          60    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Reional 6 Row Barley                        DC            15        4          60    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Hulless Barley                     DC            8         4          32    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Oats                               DC            16        4          64    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional CWRS Wheat (HRSW)                  DC            22        4          88    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Triticale                          DC            3         4          12    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Utility Wheat                      DC            9         4          36    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Napus Canola #1                    DC            26        4         104    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Napus Canola #2                    DC            27        4         108    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Rapa Canola                        DC            5         4          20    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Flax                               DC            8         4          32    Collin Wildschut - CDCSD Brooks
Regional Green Field Pea                    DC            16        4          64    Collin Wildschut - CDCSD Brooks
Regional Yellow Field Pea                   DC            17        4          68    Collin Wildschut - CDCSD Brooks

Regional 2 Row Barley                       FSJ           15        4          60    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Reional 6 Row Barley                        FSJ           15        4          60    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Hulless Barley                     FSJ           8         4          32    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Oats                               FSJ           16        4          64    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional CWRS Wheat (HRSW)                  FSJ           22        4          88    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Triticale                          FSJ           3         4          12    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Utility Wheat                      FSJ           9         4          36    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Napus Canola #1                    FSJ           26        4         104    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Napus Canola #2                    FSJ           27        4         108    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Rapa Canola                        FSJ           5         4          20    Steven Dusek - AAFCDC Lacombe
Regional Flax                               FSJ           8         4          32    Collin Wildschut - CDCSD Brooks
Regional Green Field Pea                    FSJ           16        3          48    Collin Wildschut - CDCSD Brooks
Regional Yellow Field Pea                   FSJ           17        3          51    Collin Wildschut - CDCSD Brooks


                                                   (Data used for Plant Breeding and Variety Registration Support)
Varietal Development                        Site    Varieties Replicates Plots                        Source
B-y5 Barley Pre-Co-op (Jim Helm)           DC         25            3         75     Donna Westling - AAFCDC Lacombe
Canola Council Early Napus NE1             DC          4            4          16    Raymond Gadoua - Canola Council
Canola Council Napus NS1 Co-op             DC         25            4         100    Raymond Gadoua - Canola Council
Canola Council Napus NS2 Co-op             DC         25            4         100    Raymond Gadoua - Canola Council
Private Early Napus                        DC         25            4         100    Delbert Degenhart - UofA Edmonton
Private Early Napus                        FSJ        25            4         100    Delbert Degenhart - UofA Edmonton
Early Wheat CBW-A2 (3m plots)              FSJ        64            2         128    Gavin Humphreys - AAFC Winnipeg
Early Wheat PEF6PR (3m plots)              FSJ        75            1          75    Gavin Humphreys - AAFC Winnipeg
Early Oat Pre-Co-op (3m plots)             FSJ        372           1         372    Jennifer Mitchell-Fetch - AAFC Winnipeg
Early Wheat PF8ELy4 (3m plots)             FSJ        176           1         176    Gavin Humphreys - AAFC Winnipeg
Field Pea Co-op "A"                        FSJ         36           3         108    Dr. Dengjin Bing - MRC Morden
Field Pea Co-op "B"                        FSJ         25           3          75    Dr. Dengjin Bing - MRC Morden
Linseed & Solin Early Screening            DC          20           4          80    Dr. Scott Duguid - MRC Morden
Parkland 'C' Wheat Co-op                   DC          20           3          60    Alanna Olson - AAFC Beaverlodge
Parkland 'C' Wheat Co-op                   FSJ         20           3          60    Alanna Olson - AAFC Beaverlodge
Forage Seed Association                    BALD        50           4         200    Sandra Burton
Other studies in Agronomy and Privately Contracted work amounts to an additional 450 plots.

Site:                FSJ = Cameron Fines, Fort St. John
                     DC = Dennis Meier, Dawson Creek
Sources:       AAFC = Agriculture & Agrifood Canada
             AAFCDC = Agriculture & Agrifood Crop Development Centre
              CDCSD = Crop Development Centre, South Division, Brooks Alberta
                MRC = Morden Research Centre, Agriculture & Agrifood Canada, Morden, Manitoba
                UofA = University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

                                                                   Page 36
                                   Dawson Creek Weather Information 2001
                                                                                                           TEMPERATURE

                    18
                                                                                                                Monthly Avg.            Temp.*
                                                                           2001                 Month             Temp.               30 year Avg.
                    16
                                                                                                                    (C)                   (C)
                    14                                                                       April                    3.6                  3.5
                                                                                             May                      9.6                  9.2
                    12                                         30 Year
  Temperature (C)




                                                                Avg.
                                                                                             June                     13.0                 13.5
                    10                                                                       July                     15.4                 15.2
                                                                                             August                   15.5                 14.0
                     8                                                                       September                10.6                 9.5
                     6
                                                                                             Frost Events: May 2         -1.1          May 18     -1.3
                     4                                                                                     May 3         -3.4          May 21     -0.2
                                                                                                           May 8         -1.0           Sept 6    -0.1
                     2                                                                                     May 10         -1.6         Sept 12    -3.9
                                                                                                           May 11         -2.8         Sept 21    -0.5
                     0
                                                                                                           May 12         -1.0         Sept 29    -1.6
                      April     May         June        July         August     September
                                                                                                           May 17         -3.3

                                                                                                 Killing Frost Free Period: 118 days
                                                                                                        (May 17 - September 12)
                              PRECIPITATION
                                                                                                 * 30 year average DC from 1968-1997
                                 Monthly           Precipitation *                                   Source: Environment CANADA
                Month          Precipitation       30 year Avg.
                                  (mm)                 (mm)
                                                                              150                               154
                                                                              140
April                                   8               18.6                  130
                                                                                                      2001
May                                    43               36.0                  120
June                                   86               79.4                  110
July                                  154               81.3                  100
August                                 19               63.2                   90                                                30 Year Avg.
September                              16               48.2                   80
                                                                               70
                                                                               60
Data is provided by an on site weather station
                                                                               50
maintained by the Agriculture Risk Management
                                                                               40
Branch of the BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food
                                                                               30
and Fisheries.
                                                                               20
                                                                               10
                                                                                0
                                                                                     April     May       June         July        August   September




                                                                         Page 37
                                       Fort St. John Weather Information 2001
                                                                                                                TEMPERATURE
                    18
                                                                                                                 Monthly Avg.           Temp.*
                    16                                                                         Month               Temp.              30 year Avg.
                                                                                                                     (C)                  (C)
                    14
                            30 Year Avg.
                    12                                                                         April                 3.5                   3.5
  Temperature (C)




                                                 2001                                          May                   9.2                   9.7
                    10                                                                         June                  12.9                  13.7
                                                                                               July                  15.6                  15.8
                     8
                                                                                               August                15.4                  14.7
                                                                                               Sept.                 10.4                  9.6
                     6

                     4
                                                                                               Frost Events: May 3         -0.8      Sept 11   -0.5
                     2                                                                                       May 11        -1.3      Sept 12   -3.6
                                                                                                             May 17        -0.3      Sept 21   -0.2
                     0                                                                                       May 21        -0.1      Sept 29   -0.3
                         April       May         June      July       August        Sept.
                                                                                                   Killing Frost Free Period: 142 days
                                                                                                          (April 23 - September 12)

                            PRECIPITATION                                                          * 30 year average FSJ from 1968-1997
                                                                                                       source: Environment CANADA

                                   Monthly          Precipitation *
Month                            Precipitation      30 year Avg.           100
                                    (mm)                (mm)
                                                                               90


April                                 17                 20.3                  80       2001                                  30 Year Avg.
May                                   72                 38.5
June                                  65                 71.3                  70
July                                  61                 80.9
                                                                               60
August                                21                 57.5
Sept.                                 26                 48.6
                                                                               50

                                                                               40
Data is provided by an on site weather station
maintained by the Agriculture Risk Management
                                                                               30
Branch of the BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food
and Fisheries.                                                                 20

                                                                               10

                                                                                0
                                                                                      April      May     June       July          August    Sept.




                                                                                    Page 38
                  26

                  24
                           Dawson Creek Site 2001
                  22
                                May Daily Temperature C
                  20

                  18
                                                                                                                                       Max Temp

                  16
Temperature (C)




                  14

                  12

                  10

                   8
                                                                                                                    Soil Temp @ 6 "

                   6

                   4

                   2
                                                                                                                                                                Min Temp
                   0
                  -2

                  -4
                       1-May 2-May 3-May 4-May 5-May 6-May 7-May 8-May 9-May   10-   11-   12-   13-   14-   15-   16-   17-    18-    19-   20-   21-   22-   23-   24-   25-   26-   27-   28-   29-   30-   31-
                                                                               May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May    May    May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May




                  26
                  24
                            Fort St. John Site 2001
                  22
                               May Daily Temperature C
                  20
                                                                                                                                   Max Temp
                  18
                  16
Temperature (C)




                  14
                  12
                  10
                   8
                                                                                                                               Soil Temp @ 6"
                   6
                   4
                                                                                                                                                           Min Temp
                   2
                   0
                  -2
                         1-    2-    3-    4-    5-    6-    7-    8-    9-    10-   11-   12-   13-   14-   15-   16-   17-     18-   19-   20-   21-   22-   23-   24-   25-   26-   27-   28-   29-   30-   31-
                        May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May    May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May     May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May   May
              Accumulated Growing Degree Days                                                                Accumulated Growing Degree Days
                                                                                               1200
                                                                                                      1100
                                                                                                              1000
1200

       1100

               1000




                                                                                                                     900
                                                                                                                           800
                                                                                                                                 700
                                                                                                                                       600
                                                                                                                                             500
                                                                                                                                                   400
                                                                                                                                                         300
                                                                                                                                                               200
                                                                                                                                                                     100
                          900

                                    800

                                            700

                                                  600

                                                        500

                                                              400

                                                                    300

                                                                          200

                                                                                100




                                                                                                                                                                           0
                                                                                      0




                                                                                      30-Jun                                                                               15-Sep
                                                                                      29-Jun                                                                               14-Sep
                                                                                      28-Jun                                                                               13-Sep
                                                                                      27-Jun                                                                               12-Sep
                                                                                      26-Jun                                                                               11-Sep
                                                                                      25-Jun                                                                               10-Sep
                                                                                      24-Jun                                                                               9-Sep
                                                                                      23-Jun                                                                               8-Sep
                                                                                      22-Jun                                                                               7-Sep
                                                                                      21-Jun                                                                               6-Sep
                                                                                      20-Jun                                                                               5-Sep
                                                                                      19-Jun                                                                               4-Sep
                                                                                      18-Jun                                                                               3-Sep
                                                                                      17-Jun                                                                               2-Sep
                                                                                      16-Jun                                                                               1-Sep
                                                                                      15-Jun                                                                               31-Aug
                                                                                      14-Jun                                                                               30-Aug
                                                                                      13-Jun                                                                               29-Aug
                                                                                      12-Jun                                                                               28-Aug
                                                                                      11-Jun                                                                               27-Aug
                                                                                      10-Jun                                                                               26-Aug
                                                                                      9-Jun                                                                                25-Aug
                                                                                      8-Jun                                                                                24-Aug
                                                                                      7-Jun                                                                                23-Aug
                                                                                      6-Jun                                                                                22-Aug
                                                                                      5-Jun                                                                                21-Aug
                                                                                      4-Jun                                                                                20-Aug
                                                                                                                                                                           19-Aug
       1994-2001 Avg.Accumulation




                                                                                      3-Jun
                                                                                      2-Jun                                                                                18-Aug
                                                                                      1-Jun                                                                                17-Aug
       1994-2001 Average Daily




                                                                                      31-May                                                                               16-Aug
                                                                                      30-May                                                                               15-Aug
                                                                                      29-May                                                                               14-Aug
       2001 Accumulated




                                                                                      28-May                                                                               13-Aug
                                                                                      27-May                                                                               12-Aug
                                                                                      26-May                                                                               11-Aug
                                                                                      25-May                                                                               10-Aug
       2001 Daily




                                                                                      24-May                                                                               9-Aug
                                                                                      23-May                                                                               8-Aug
                                                                                      22-May                                                                               7-Aug
                                                                                      21-May                                                                               6-Aug
                                                                                      20-May                                                                               5-Aug
                                                                                      19-May                                                                               4-Aug
                                                                                      18-May                                                                               3-Aug
                                                                                      17-May                                                                               2-Aug
                                                                                      16-May                                                                               1-Aug
                                                                                      15-May                                                                               31-Jul
                                                                                      14-May                                                                               30-Jul
                                                                                      13-May                                                                               29-Jul
                                                                                      12-May                                                                               28-Jul
                                                                                      11-May                                                                               27-Jul
                                                                                      10-May                                                                               26-Jul
                                                                                      9-May                                                                                25-Jul
                                                                                      8-May                                                                                24-Jul
                                                                                      7-May                                                                                23-Jul
                                                                                      6-May                                                                                22-Jul
                                                                                      5-May                                                                                21-Jul
                                                                                      4-May                                                                                20-Jul
                      Growing Degree Days




                                                                                      3-May                                                                                19-Jul
                                                                                      2-May                                                                                18-Jul
                      Dawson Creek Site




                                                                                      1-May                                                                                17-Jul
                                                                                      30-Apr                                                                               16-Jul
                                                                                      29-Apr                                                                               15-Jul
                                                                                      28-Apr                                                                               14-Jul
                                                                                      27-Apr                                                                               13-Jul
                                                                                      26-Apr                                                                               12-Jul
                                                                                      25-Apr                                                                               11-Jul
                                                                                      24-Apr                                                                               10-Jul
                                                                                      23-Apr                                                                               9-Jul
                                                                                      22-Apr                                                                               8-Jul
                                                                                      21-Apr                                                                               7-Jul
                                                                                      20-Apr                                                                               6-Jul
                                                                                      19-Apr                                                                               5-Jul
                                                                                      18-Apr                                                                               4-Jul
                                                                                      17-Apr                                                                               3-Jul
                                                                                      16-Apr                                                                               2-Jul
                                                                                      15-Apr                                                                               1-Jul
24

       22

               20

                          18

                                    16

                                            14

                                                  12

                                                        10

                                                              8

                                                                    6

                                                                          4

                                                                                2

                                                                                      0




                                                                                               24
                                                                                                      22
                                                                                                              20
                                                                                                                     18
                                                                                                                           16
                                                                                                                                 14
                                                                                                                                       12
                                                                                                                                             10
                                                                                                                                                   8
                                                                                                                                                         6
                                                                                                                                                               4
                                                                                                                                                                     2
                                                                                                                                                                           0
                                Daily Growing Degrees                                                                Daily Growing Degrees
                    Accumulated Growing Degree Days                                                                                                        Accumulated Growing Degree Days
1200
          1100
                          1000




                                                                                                                                                   1200
                                                                                                                                                          1100
                                                                                                                                                                 1000
                                                    900
                                                                        800
                                                                                                700
                                                                                                      600
                                                                                                            500
                                                                                                                  400
                                                                                                                        300
                                                                                                                              200
                                                                                                                                    100




                                                                                                                                                                        900
                                                                                                                                                                              800
                                                                                                                                                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                                          600
                                                                                                                                                                                                500
                                                                                                                                                                                                      400
                                                                                                                                                                                                            300
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        100
                                                                                                                                          0




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0




                                                                                                                                          30-Jun                                                                              15-Sep
                                                                                                                                          29-Jun                                                                              14-Sep
                                                                                                                                          28-Jun                                                                              13-Sep
                                                                                                                                          27-Jun                                                                              12-Sep
                                                                                                                                          26-Jun                                                                              11-Sep
                                                                                                                                          25-Jun                                                                              10-Sep
                                                                                                                                          24-Jun                                                                              9-Sep
                                                                                                                                          23-Jun                                                                              8-Sep
                                                                                                                                          22-Jun                                                                              7-Sep
                                                                                                                                          21-Jun                                                                              6-Sep
                                                                                                                                          20-Jun                                                                              5-Sep
                                                                                                                                          19-Jun                                                                              4-Sep
                                                                                                                                          18-Jun                                                                              3-Sep
                                                                                                                                          17-Jun                                                                              2-Sep
                                                                                                                                          16-Jun                                                                              1-Sep
                                                                                                                                          15-Jun                                                                              31-Aug
                                                                                                                                          14-Jun                                                                              30-Aug
                                                                                                                                          13-Jun                                                                              29-Aug
                                                                                                                                          12-Jun                                                                              28-Aug
                                                                                                                                          11-Jun                                                                              27-Aug
                                                                                                                                          10-Jun                                                                              26-Aug
                                                                                                                                          9-Jun                                                                               25-Aug
                                                                                                                                          8-Jun                                                                               24-Aug
                                                                                                                                          7-Jun                                                                               23-Aug
                                                                                                                                          6-Jun                                                                               22-Aug
                                                                                                                                          5-Jun                                                                               21-Aug
                                                                                                                                          4-Jun                                                                               20-Aug
                                                                                                                                          3-Jun                                                                               19-Aug
                                                                                                                                          2-Jun                                                                               18-Aug
                                                                   1994-2001 Avg.Accumulation




                                                                                                                                          1-Jun                                                                               17-Aug
                                                                                                                                          31-May                                                                              16-Aug
                    1994-2001 Average Daily




                                                                                                                                          30-May                                                                              15-Aug
                                                                                                                                          29-May                                                                              14-Aug
                                                                                                                                          28-May                                                                              13-Aug
                                                2001 Accumulated




                                                                                                                                          27-May                                                                              12-Aug
                                                                                                                                          26-May                                                                              11-Aug
                                                                                                                                          25-May                                                                              10-Aug
       2001 Daily




                                                                                                                                          24-May                                                                              9-Aug
                                                                                                                                          23-May                                                                              8-Aug
                                                                                                                                          22-May                                                                              7-Aug
                                                                                                                                          21-May                                                                              6-Aug
                                                                                                                                          20-May                                                                              5-Aug
                                                                                                                                          19-May                                                                              4-Aug
                                                                                                                                          18-May                                                                              3-Aug
                                                                                                                                          17-May                                                                              2-Aug
                                                                                                                                          16-May                                                                              1-Aug
                                                                                                                                          15-May                                                                              31-Jul
                                                                                                                                          14-May                                                                              30-Jul
                                                                                                                                          13-May                                                                              29-Jul
                                                                                                                                          12-May                                                                              28-Jul
                                                                                                                                          11-May                                                                              27-Jul
                                                                                                                                          10-May                                                                              26-Jul
                                                                                                                                          9-May                                                                               25-Jul
                                                                                                                                          8-May                                                                               24-Jul
                                                                                                                                          7-May                                                                               23-Jul
                                                                                                                                          6-May                                                                               22-Jul
                                                                                                                                          5-May                                                                               21-Jul
                                                                                                                                          4-May                                                                               20-Jul
                                              Growing Degree Days


                                                                                                                                          3-May                                                                               19-Jul
                                                                                                                                          2-May                                                                               18-Jul
                                                                                                                                          1-May                                                                               17-Jul
                                              Fort St. John Site

                                                                                                                                          30-Apr                                                                              16-Jul
                                                                                                                                          29-Apr                                                                              15-Jul
                                                                                                                                          28-Apr                                                                              14-Jul
                                                                                                                                          27-Apr                                                                              13-Jul
                                                                                                                                          26-Apr                                                                              12-Jul
                                                                                                                                          25-Apr                                                                              11-Jul
                                                                                                                                          24-Apr                                                                              10-Jul
                                                                                                                                          23-Apr                                                                              9-Jul
                                                                                                                                          22-Apr                                                                              8-Jul
                                                                                                                                          21-Apr                                                                              7-Jul
                                                                                                                                          20-Apr                                                                              6-Jul
                                                                                                                                          19-Apr                                                                              5-Jul
                                                                                                                                          18-Apr                                                                              4-Jul
                                                                                                                                          17-Apr                                                                              3-Jul
                                                                                                                                          16-Apr                                                                              2-Jul
                                                                                                                                          15-Apr                                                                              1-Jul




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                                                               Daily Growing Degrees                                                                                    Daily Growing Degrees
                         List of Seed Distributors
Advanta Canada Inc.                     Monsanto Canada Seeds
Tel: (800) 661-9000                     Tel: (800) 667-4944
www.advantacan.com                      www.dekalb.com

Agricore United                         Moore Seed Processors Inc.
Dawson Creek Tel: (250) 782-9264        Tel: (403) 957-3964
Fort St.John Tel: (250) 785-3445
www.agricore.com                        Newfield Seeds Ltd.
                                        Tel: (306) 862-3355
Agripro
www.agripro.com                         Prairie Seeds Ltd.
                                        Tel: (780) 955-7906
Agriprogress Inc.
Tel: (204) 822-4956                     Progressive Seeds Ltd.
                                        Tel: (403) 443-9661
Aventis CropScience Canada Co.
Tel: (888) 283-6847                     Proven Seed / Pioneer Grain
                                        Dawson Creek Tel: (250) 782-4800
Bonis & Company Ltd.                    www.provenseed.com
Tel: (705) 324-0544
                                        Quality Assured Seeds
Brett - Young Seeds Ltd.                Tel: (877) 791-0500
Tel: 1-800-665-5015                     www.qualityassuredseeds.com
www.byseeds.com
                                        SeCan Association
Canseed Ltd.                            Tel: (613) 225-6891
Tel: (403) 742-0621                     www.secan.com

Canterra Seeds Ltd.                     Seed-Link Inc.
Tel: (204) 992-2727                     Tel: (705) 324-0544
www.canterra.com                        www.seed-link.ca

Cargill                                 St. Denis Seed Farm Inc.
Fort St.John                            Tel: (780) 961-3368
Tel: (250) 787-0638
www.cargill.com                         Svalof Weibull Ltd.
                                        Tel: (306) 477-5230
Columbia Seed Co. Ltd.                  www.swseed.ca
Tel: (403) 654-2158
                                        Syngenta
CPB Canada Ltd.                         Tel: (403) 327-2411
Tel: (403) 349-2792                     www.syngenta.com

Dawson Seed Co. Ltd.                    University of Alberta
Tel. (250) 782-8632                     Tel: (403) 492-3239
www.dawsonseed.com                      www.ualberta.ca

DSV Canada Inc.                         Western Growers Seed Corp.
Tel: (204) 261-7932                     Tel: (306) 373-2400

S.S.Johnson Seeds Ltd.
Tel: (204) 376-5228


                                     Page 42
                                                                                                 Damage
    Diamondback Moth                                                                             Crop damage is sometimes first seen on
           Plutella xylostella                                                                   plants growing on ridges and knolls in the
                                                                                                 field. When larvae are small, damage is
                                                                                                 seen as small irregular holes in the leaves.
                                                                                                 If the larvae are numerous, they may eat
Description                                                                                      an entire leaf, leaving only the veins.
Diamondback Moth is a periodic pest of                                                           When the crop matures, larvae feed on the
canola across the prairies. The adult moths                                                      outer green tissue of the pods, leaving
                                               Larvae                                            plants with a whitened appearance when
get their name from the diamond-shape
markings that are formed when their wings                                                        viewed from a distance.
are folded at rest. The moths have a narrow    Life History
appearance and are about 1 cm or ½ inch        Females tend to deposit eggs (about 160) in       Economic Threshold
long. They are gray or brownish with white     the depressions created by leaf veins or          Monitor larvae by removing the plants in
marks on the front margins of the forewings.   where the leaf petioles clasp the stem. Small     an area measuring 1/10 of a square meter
Infestation of Diamondback moths cannot be     green larvae hatch within a few days and          (about 1 square foot, 12 inches square).
predicted based on the previous year’s         enter the leaves to feed on, or “mine”, the       Beat these plants on a clean surface and
population. The moths are weak flyers that     internal tissue. After feeding inside the leaf    count the number of larvae dislodged.
don’t survive winter in Canada, but they can   for about a week, the larvae move to the          Repeat this procedure with plants from at
appear in large numbers when winds from        outside of the leaf. The smooth, pale             least five different locations in the field.
the south carry them from the United States    yellowish-green larvae commonly cut holes         Multiply the average count by ten to obtain
in early May.                                  or feed on the outer tissue of leaves or seed     the population per square meter. In
                                               pods. When disturbed, the larvae wiggle           canola the economic threshold for
                                               violently and drop from the plant on a fine       Diamondback moth is above 100 - 150
                                               silken thread. Larvae feed for 10 to 30 days,     larvae/sq m at early flowering OR 200 -
                                               depending upon food supply and                    300 larvae/sq m at the pod stage. These
                                               temperature, to reach a mature length of          numbers indicate significant damage may
                                               about 12mm. Pupation takes place in               be expected and control should be
                                               delicate white, open mesh cocoons attached        considered. If the crop has large, healthy
                                               to the leaves, stem and seedpods of the host      plants with lots of leaves and pods are
                                               plant. Initially, the pupae are light green but   maturing quickly, a higher larval density
                                               as they mature, they become brown as the          may be tolerated without damage to
                                               adult moth becomes visible through the            yields.
                                               cocoon. Depending on environmental
 Adult Moth                                    conditions, the pupal stage lasts from 5 to 15    Kerry Clark, Crop Protection Specialist
                                               days.                                             BC Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
RED TURNIP BEETLE                           fields. The later beetles scatter throughout
Entomoscelis americana                      the fields and are often found mating near
                                                                                           Control
                                                                                           Crop rotation reduces the buildup of
                                            the tops of maturing plants. Adults may be
                                                                                           beetles in a field. If damage or large
                                            seen until October. Only one generation is
                                                                                           numbers of red turnip beetles are
                                            produced per year.
Description                                                                                observed at the edge of a crop field,
The red turnip beetle, a native North                                                      the extent of beetle feeding into the
American insect, occurs in Central B.C.                                                    field should be determined. Even if
and the Peace River area. Both adult                                                       there are large enough numbers of
beetles and all larval stages feed on                                                      beetles to do damage, adequate
plants of the cabbage family. Adult                                                        control can usually be obtained by a
beetles are bright red with black patches                                                  single pass of an insecticide spray
on their heads and three distinct black                                                    along the affected side of the field.
bands running down their backs.
                                                                                           Kerry Clark, Crop Protection
                                                                                           Specialist
                                                                                           BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food and
                                                                                           Fisheries
                                                                                           Dawson Creek



                                            Host and Damage
                                            The red turnip beetle is commonly found in
                                            the Aspen parkland region of Alberta and
                                            the Peace River regions of both B.C. and
                                            Alberta. Crop injury in canola or mustard
Life History                                fields usually occurs along field margins
Red turnip beetles overwinter as eggs       when beetles move in from adjacent fields
in the soil and hatch in late April to      that had cruciferous plants in the previous
early May, shortly after the snow has       year, after volunteer plants are consumed.
melted and usually before canola is         Adult beetles normally walk to the new food
planted. Adults emerge in early June        source. Invading beetles are usually
and feed for 2-3 weeks. At the end of       concentrated in a moving front only a few
June, adults enter the soil for a one-      feet to meters wide. Adult beetles may
month resting period. They reappear         damage the seedpods of mature plants. In
in July and August and disperse to          rape and mustard, this damage may cause
new Canola                                  premature shelling in the swath and loss of
                                            crop.