Whereas the first half of the book is a tight defence of the potential of a liberal international order not unlike the European Union, the second half is not nearly as crisp. For example, Archibugi envisions a revitalized UN whose main purpose would be to enforce international law. This is not an unreasonable proposition. Indeed, efforts to strengthen the UN human rights system since the end ofthe Cold War have been designed to do exactly that, aiming to enforce international human rights law either through better monitoring and reporting or through the establishment of an international criminal justice system. But he also suggests that the UN might one day establish a "world parliamentary assembly" made up of elected individuals that would serve as an advisory body to the main organs ofthe UN, namely the general assembly and the security council (168-77). ^ ^ an interesting idea. But it is also implausible, particularly in light of the disappointing reform initiatives of 2005. Since its founding, the UN has belonged to governments. Even with significant NGO involvement in its operations, there is no evidence that member states would cede any authority to such a body. Archibugi' s claim that the "proposals for reform presented in this chapter show that nothing stands in the way of applying democratic methods and values to the UN" simply does not hold up to close scrutiny (183).

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