Physical Activity for Life Chapter 4, Lesson 1 Page 72-79 Physical Activity and Your Health Lesson Objectives • Understand the importance of regular physical activity for enhancing and maintaining personal health. • Analyze the relationship between regular physical activity and disease prevention. • Discover ways to incorporate physical activity into daily life. What is Physical Activity? • Physical activity:any type of movement that causes your body to use energy. • Physical activity can improve your level of physical fitness (the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands). • Maintaining a high level of physical fitness contributes to your sense of total well-being. Types of Physical Activity • Lifetime • Bowling, Golf, Martial Arts, Skiing, Tennis • Competitive Sports • Basketball, Football, Soccer, Hockey, Volleyball, Baseball, Softball • Exercise & Fitness 1. Aerobic or Cardio (Running, Cycling, Swimming) 2. Anaerobic (Strength Training) 3. Flexibility (Stretching, Yoga) • Fun & Leisure • Bowling, Canoeing/Kayaking, Dancing, Fishing, Horseback Riding, Ice Skating, Table Tennis • Home & Occupational • Gardening/Lawn Work, House Cleaning, Laundry QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this picture. Discussion Question What are your favorite forms of physical activity? How do those activities contribute to your physical fitness and your total well-being? Benefits of Physical Activity? • Physical activity provides lifelong benefits • Physical Health Benefits: – Strengthens body and increases energy – Improves cardiovascular system by strengthening the heart muscle allowing it to pump more blood – Respiratory System (Lungs): Won’t “lose your breath” as easily – Nervous system: Improved reaction time More Benefits of Physical Activity • Mental & Emotional Health Benefits: Helps you reduce stress and allows you to manage anger and frustration in healthy ways • Social Health Benefits: Improves your self- confidence and can provide opportunities for interacting and cooperating with others Discussion Question How do your favorite physical activities benefit your mental, emotional and social health? Risks of Physical Inactivity • A sedentary lifestyle is a way of life that involves little physical activity. • Health problems associated with unhealthful weight gain and sedentary lifestyle: – Cardiovascular Disease – Type 2 Diabetes – Cancer – Increased risk of osteoporosis (condition characterized by decrease in bone density.) – Poor stress management Discussion Question What role does disease prevention play in your own choice about physical activity? What about for your family members? Will your attitude change as you age? Physical Activity & Weight Control • Good eating habit and a physically active lifestyle can help you maintain a healthy weight and avoid obesity • Metabolism: the process by which your body gets energy from food. • Food’s energy value is measured in units of heat called calories. • Physical activity increases your metabolic rate burning more calories than when at rest. Weight Control • Basal Metabolism: minimum amount of energy (calories) needed for life processes in body. • Your body needs a sufficient amount of calories each day to function properly. • Additional calories must be burned or will be stored as fat. • When you are physically active, your metabolic rate rises and your body burns more calories than when at rest. Lesson Review Page 79 Questions #1-5 Answer the Reviewing Facts & Vocabulary and the Thinking Critically questions in Complete Sentences!
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