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Physical Activity

VIEWS: 15 PAGES: 14

									Physical Activity for Life
      Chapter 4, Lesson 1
           Page 72-79
Physical Activity and Your Health
         Lesson Objectives

• Understand the importance of regular
  physical activity for enhancing and
  maintaining personal health.
• Analyze the relationship between regular
  physical activity and disease prevention.
• Discover ways to incorporate physical
  activity into daily life.
        What is Physical Activity?
• Physical activity:any type of movement that
  causes your body to use energy.
• Physical activity can improve your level of
  physical fitness (the ability to carry out daily
  tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to
  respond to unexpected demands).
• Maintaining a high level of physical fitness
  contributes to your sense of total well-being.
          Types of Physical Activity
•   Lifetime
    • Bowling, Golf, Martial Arts, Skiing, Tennis
•   Competitive Sports
    • Basketball, Football, Soccer, Hockey, Volleyball,
        Baseball, Softball
•   Exercise & Fitness
    1. Aerobic or Cardio (Running, Cycling, Swimming)
    2. Anaerobic (Strength Training)
    3. Flexibility (Stretching, Yoga)
•   Fun & Leisure
    • Bowling, Canoeing/Kayaking, Dancing, Fishing,
        Horseback Riding, Ice Skating, Table Tennis
•   Home & Occupational
    •      Gardening/Lawn Work, House Cleaning, Laundry
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          Discussion Question

What are your favorite forms of physical
activity?

How do those activities contribute to your
physical fitness and your total well-being?
     Benefits of Physical Activity?
• Physical activity provides lifelong benefits
• Physical Health Benefits:
  – Strengthens body and increases energy
  – Improves cardiovascular system by
    strengthening the heart muscle allowing it
    to pump more blood
  – Respiratory System (Lungs): Won’t “lose
    your breath” as easily
  – Nervous system: Improved reaction time
  More Benefits of Physical Activity
• Mental & Emotional Health Benefits: Helps you
  reduce stress and allows you to manage anger
  and frustration in healthy ways
• Social Health Benefits: Improves your self-
  confidence and can provide opportunities for
  interacting and cooperating with others
       Discussion Question


How do your favorite physical
activities benefit your mental,
emotional and social health?
      Risks of Physical Inactivity
• A sedentary lifestyle is a way of life that involves
  little physical activity.
• Health problems associated with unhealthful
  weight gain and sedentary lifestyle:
    – Cardiovascular Disease
    – Type 2 Diabetes
    – Cancer
    – Increased risk of osteoporosis (condition
       characterized by decrease in bone density.)
    – Poor stress management
         Discussion Question

What role does disease prevention play in
your own choice about physical activity?

What about for your family members?

Will your attitude change as you age?
Physical Activity & Weight Control
• Good eating habit and a physically active
  lifestyle can help you maintain a healthy
  weight and avoid obesity
• Metabolism: the process by which your body
  gets energy from food.
• Food’s energy value is measured in units of
  heat called calories.
• Physical activity increases your metabolic
  rate burning more calories than when at rest.
          Weight Control
• Basal Metabolism: minimum amount of
  energy (calories) needed for life
  processes in body.
• Your body needs a sufficient amount of
  calories each day to function properly.
• Additional calories must be burned or will
  be stored as fat.
• When you are physically active, your
  metabolic rate rises and your body burns
  more calories than when at rest.
   Lesson Review Page 79
       Questions #1-5
Answer the Reviewing Facts & Vocabulary
  and the Thinking Critically questions
       in Complete Sentences!

								
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