Unit 2: New Empires Emerge
Elaborated Unit Focus: This unit focuses on the transition of world cultures as the classical
empires were replaced by the nomadic empires emerging from the steppes of Asia and the deserts
of Arabia. The origins of Islam and its expansion will be traced.
SSWH4 The student will analyze the importance of the Byzantine and Mongol empires
between 450 CE and 1500 CE.
a. Analyze the importance of Justinian; include the influence of the Empress Theodora, Justinian’s Code, and Justinian’s efforts to recapture the west.
b. Describe the relationship between the Roman and Byzantine Empires; include the impact Byzantium had on Moscow and the Russian Empire, the
effect of Byzantine culture on Tsar Ivan III and Kiev, and the rise of Constantinople as a center for law, religion, and the arts.
c. Explain the Great Schism of 1054.
d. Analyze the spread of the Mongol Empire; include the role of Chinggis (Genghis) Khan in developing the empire, the impact of the Mongols on
Russia, China, and the West, the development of trade, and European observations through the writings of Marco Polo.
e. Explain the Ottoman Empire’s role in the decline of Byzantium and the capture of Constantinople in 1453 CE.
SSWH5 The student will trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between
600 CE and 1300 CE.
a. Explain the origins of Islam and the growth of the Islamic Empire.
b. Identify the Muslim trade routes to India, China, Europe, and Africa and assess the economic impact of this trade.
c. Explain the reasons for the split between Sunni and Shia Muslims.
d. Identify the contributions of Islamic scholars in medicine (Ibn Sina), and geography (Ibn Battuta).
e. Describe the impact of the Crusades on both the Islamic World and Europe.
f. Analyze the relationship between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
SSWH12 The student will examine the origins and contributions of the Ottoman,
Safavid, and Mughal empires.
a. Describe the geographical extent of the Ottoman Empire during the rule of Suleyman the Magnificent, the Safavid Empire during the reign of Shah
Abbas I, and the Mughal Empire during the reigns of Babur and Akbar.
b. Explain the ways in which these Muslim empires influenced religion, law and the arts in their parts of the world.
Reading Responsibilities: TBA
Monday 9/28 Tuesday 9/29 Wednesday 9/30 Thursday 10/1 Friday 10/2
Test Greece and Christianity Go over Islam Web Quest Comparison of
Rome Worksheet Christianity HW: Read 269 do Monotheism
Read 6.3 Worksheet Guided Reading Islamic Trading
Go over GR
Monday 10/5 Tuesday 10/6 Wednesday 10/7 Thursday 10/8 Friday 10/9
PPT Byzantium Justinian Video Read 11.2 and 11.3 Go over handouts. Teacher Work Day
HW Read 11.1 Do GR and Crusades Read
Handouts 14.1 Do Guided
Monday 10/12 Tuesday 9/22 Wednesday 9/23 Thursday 9/24 Friday 9/25
Review Test Christianity,
Islam to the
Name: ____________________________________ Period: _____ Notebook Grade: _______
World History Dixon, M.E.
Unit 3 Part 2 ROME
Chapter 6.3 Early Christianity Key Terms
Define or explain the following:
Jesus of Nazareth
Birth when and where?
Preaching at 30
Ideas from the Jews
Areas of Importance
What are Gospels?
What is a disciple?
Who are the Apostles?
Who did Jesus of Nazareth appeal to and why?
Views of Jesus and his teachings
Romans and Pontius Pilate
What happened after Jesus’ death?
Since Jesus’ teachings did not contradict Jewish law early followers began to create a new religion based on his
teachings; this new religion spread through the Roman Empire.
Paul the Apostle
Why was it easy for Paul to spread the teachings?
Ease of conversion
End of the Jewish Political State
Why did the Romans persecute Christians
In what ways were they persecuted
What is a Martyr
Christianity grew despite obstacles, by the 3rd Century there were millions of Christians in the Roman empire
What are the 5 reasons for the spread and growth of the religion?
2. Gave hope to the powerless.
What happened in AD 312
What happened in AD 313
What is the Edict of Milan?
The Early Church
Old Testament and what does it encompass?
New Testament and what does it encompass?
Name: ___________________________________ Period: ____________
Directions: For some questions a link is provided for you to use to answer the question. If no link is
provided, you will need to use the internet to search for the answer yourself. NOTE: All work must be in
complete sentences for full credit.
1. What are the 5 Pillars of Islam?
2. What are the 3 fundamentals that each Muslim must learn?
For #3-5 use the following site: http://www.pbs.org/muhammad/vh_step1.shtml
3. How do the men dress?
4. How do the women dress?
5. Why do they wear such plain and common clothes?
For #6-7 use the following site: http://www.pbs.org/muhammad/vh_step2.shtml
6. What is the house of worship Muslims believe Abraham helped Ishmael build in Mecca?
7. Describe how pilgrims are supposed to circle the Kabah (how many times and in what direction).
For #8-9 use the following site: http://www.pbs.org/muhammad/vh_step3.shtml
8. Where do Muslims go on:
a. 8th day of Hajj?
b. 9th day of Hajj?
9. Where do Muslims believe Adam and Eve were reunited after leaving the Garden of Eden?
For #10 use the following site: http://www.pbs.org/muhammad/vh_step4.shtml
10. What is the name of the open plain they gather in?
For #11-12 use the following site: http://www.pbs.org/muhammad/vh_step5.shtml
11. On day 10 what valley do they travel to?
12. How many pillars are in the valley?
History Dixon, M.E.
Monotheist Religions Comparison Chart
Name: _________________________ Period:____
Fill in the chart below with the appropriate facts for each religion.
ISLAM CHRISTIANITY JUDAISM
Justinian Video Guide
1. What is the center of the World?
2. Culturally, what is Constantinople? What language do they speak there?
3. What was the Hippodrome?
4. What changes about entertainment during the 6th century?
5. What is the last popular form of entertainment to take place in the Hippodrome?
6. What was Theodora’s occupation before meeting Justinian?
8. How did the aristocracy feel about Theodora’s marriage to Justinian?
9. What happened in 527 CE?
10. Why did Justinian and Theodora keep strict rules on court etiquette?
11. What did nobles have to do to show respect to Justinian?
12. What was Justinian’s biggest publication project?
13. What religion were Justinian’s moral codes based upon?
14. What happened to people caught gambling?
15. What happened 5 years into Justinian’s reign? What did the people of the city call for?
16. Who leads the army to crush the riot?
17. What lesson did the Nika Riots teach Justinian?
18. How does Justinian gain peace with Persia?
19. How long did it take for Belisarius to succeed in conquering northern Africa?
20. What happened to the Vandal King?
21. What does Justinian decide after success in north Africa?
22. What was Justinian’s first aim?
23. Describe the Goths? What were they like culturally?
24. What happened in 537 A.D.?
25. What does Justinian have built after conquering Rome?
26. Why does Justinian stop trusting Belisarius? What does Justinian do to prevent a coup?
27. How does Persia take advantage of the military confusion?
28. What enemy really hurts the empire?
29. How does this enemy hurt the economy?
30. What were some problems about the tax collection policies?
31. What was the northern threat to the Empire?
32. What does Justinian do to be viewed as a tyrant?
33. What dies when Justinian dies?
34. Who takes over the Italian Peninsula after Justinian’s rule?
35. Who takes over the Persian empire?
36. When does Constantinople fall to the Ottoman Turks?
- western Roman Empire crumbled in 5th century due to invading Germanic tribes from the north
- the threat to the Roman Empire was already apparent in the 4th century as Emperor __________________rebuilt they city
of _____________(a port city) on the Bosporus straight
- 2 reasons as to why he built here:
- city named _______________in his honor and in 330 it was the capital of the Byzantine Empire, the New Rome
- center of power for the Empire shifted east as a result and the eastern provinces began to develop independently of the
- _______________________________officially divided the Empire in 395
- even though a split had taken place, rulers in the east continued to think of themselves as
-cultural blend of people from _____________________________________
-mainly Greeks occupied ________________________
- in 527 he succeeded the throne from his _____________
- described as a serious, even-tempered ruler who worked from dawn til dusk by Procopius his court historian
- in The Secret History (a book of gossip published after Justinian's death) the emperor
- whatever his true character may be, Justinian made good on his claim to be the head of the whole Roman Empire,
- sent his best general Belisarius to take North Africa from the Vandals, Rome from the Ostrogoths, parts of Spain and nearly
all of Italy
- by this time Justinian
Power of the Emperors:
- Byzantine emperors ruled with ___________________ like _____________________
- they headed the ____________ and the _____________ (appointed and dismissed bishops at will)
- ______________ were more brutal (of 88 Byzantine emperors, 29 died violently and 13 abandoned throne to live in
Building the New Rome:
- the Byzantine Empire is different that western ones, ______________________________gave Byzantine Empire its own
- citizens thought they shared Roman traditions, but in actuality few spoke ____________ (most spoke Greek and belonged
to eastern branch of Christian church)
- such a complex society needed some regulation, so Justinian set up _______________________________ to comb through
______________of Roman law and legal opinions
- goal of the panel was to______________________________________________, as many of the previous laws had
become outdated or contradicted themselves
-result was a body of civil laws known as _________________________________
- Code consisted of 4 works:
1. The Code -->
2. The Digest -->
3. The Institutes -->
4. The Novellae (New Law) -->
-decided legal questions that regulated whole areas of Byzantine life:
-even though Justinian died in 565 his code served Empire for _______________
Creating the Capital
- his rebuilding of Constantinople was the most ambitious public building program ever seen in the
- church building was his biggest passion as he believed it help show a close connection between church and state
- ________________________ “Holy Wisdom” in Greek built 532-537; decorated in mosaics, lamps and candles; its
beauty helped convince Russian nobility that they should adopt Christianity; remained Christian until Ottoman Empire
took over Constantinople in 1453 and converted it into a mosque; in 1935 country of Turkey made it into a
- in time city became unparalleled with its baths, aqueducts, law courts, schools and hospitals
- the main street running through the center was________________ or “Middle Way” lined with merchants, here shoppers
could buy wine from France or tin from England, city seen as a vibrant mercantile area and Byzantine currency was
widely accepted around ____________________________________________
- free entertainment was at the __________________“horse track” which held 60,000 people
- fans cheered on their teams, such as Greens and Blues, in 532 a city-wide riot sparked called the
______________________(“nika” is what they yelled, meaning conquer)
- the quelling of this revolt is often attributed to the quick thinking and eloquent speaking of ______________________
The Church Divides
- the distance and communication difficulties led the West and East (Byzantine) to split on
- outcome: Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches
- Eastern Orthodox built on the early works of church fathers, such as _____________and _______________________
who later became the ______________ or leading bishop of the east
- even patriarchs bowed to emperor’s authority which led to controversy
- the use of ___________(religious images used by eastern Christians to aid their devotions) was banned by
_____________________ because he believed it led to idol worship
- this led to ________________ or “icon-breakers” who broke into churches to destroy images
- _________ dispute b/t east and west came to head when pope and patriarch excommunicated each other over religious
- after this ______________ (split) Christianity was permanently divided between the Roman Catholic Church in the west
and the Orthodox Church in the east
Differences Between Two Christian Traditions
Roman Catholic Eastern Orthodox
- now both churches competed with one another for __________________
- eastern missionaries tried to convert the Slavs, they invented an alphabet for the Slavic languages so they could read the
Bible in their native tongue
- this led to the creation of the __________________________________
Fall of Constantinople
In AD 1453 the Ottomans laid siege to Constantinople
Ottoman Turks from central Asia attacked the Eastern provinces
CRUSADES RECRUITING POSTER
DIRECTIONS: Using pages 382-385 in your text and the information from your
notes and worksheets to complete the following.
Create a recruiting poster for the armies of Europe (aka the Christians) who
marched to save the Holy Land from Islam control
Decide which Crusade you will be recruiting for
Make a poster encouraging people to join your cause
Put at least 4 facts relevant to your Crusade on the poster
Add a minimum of 4 illustrations and be creative!!