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The Great Pyramid of Giza member of the Seven Wonders of the World

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The Great Pyramid of Giza member of the Seven Wonders of the World Powered By Docstoc
					The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza
Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt in Africa, and is the only remaining
member of the Seven Wonders of the World. The great pyramid was created to honor
the pharaoh Khufu, and many of the smaller pyramids, tombs, and temples were built
to honor Khufu's wives and family members. Khufu was the son of King Sneferu, and
Queen Hetepheres. Khufu is remembered as a cruel and ruthless pharaoh in later
folklore. Khufu had nine sons, one of whom, Djedefra, was his immediate successor.
The pyramids of Giza are perhaps the only true rival to the Great Sphinx, when one
thinks about Ancient Egypt and its architecture. For centuries the Great Pyramid was
completely sealed - its secrets to be revealed when the time was right. In the
beginning of the 17th century an intrepid explorer entered the pyramid to measure its
passages and chambers. The original name Khafre is the greatest of the three.

During the Arabs' excavation of the Pyramid of Khufu, they encountered various
boulders and slabs that were used to seal the passages and chambers within the
pyramid. They also found hidden doors. This probably fueled the many myths about
the Egyptian pyramids being booby-trapped, and where a grave robber who managed
to get in would never get out alive.

It measures 454.7 ft in height. The bas is 717.5 ft - 11 acres the date of construction
was the 4th dynasty 2570 BC and the average weight of individual blocks of Stone
was 2.5 tons. There is no evidence that anyone was ever buried in the main chamber.
It is the one and only Wonder which does not require a description by early historians
and poets. It is the one and only Wonder that does not need speculations concerning
its appearance, size, and shape. It is the oldest, yet it is the only surviving of the Seven
Ancient Wonders. It is the Great Pyramid of Giza. It is located at the city of Giza, a
necropolis of ancient Memphis, and today part of Greater Cairo, Egypt. The great
pyramid is believed to have been built over a 20 year period.

When Khufu, also known as Cheops, became pharaoh one of his first acts was to
curtail the growing power of the priesthood. He "shut up all the temples and forbade
sacrifices". As a priest's living came from performing these rituals it is not surprising
that Khufu was unpopular with the religious orders.

Man fears Time, yet Time fears the Pyramids Arab proverb.

				
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