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									         The
London Child Protection
      Procedures
     3rd Edition, 2007
The London Child Protection Procedures…
Are a joint initiative by:
•   Metropolitan Police
•   London Directors of Children’s Services
•   Chairs of London LSCBs
•   NHS London
•   London Councils
•   London Probation

They are developed by:
•   The London Safeguarding Children Board on behalf of the 32
    London Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCBs)
Safeguarding children is everyone’s responsibility
Accordingly, the 3rd edition of the Procedures:
• Aims to translate government legislation and guidance into
  practical procedures and advice to support everyone working
  with children and/or parents (frontline practitioners or
  professionals, volunteers and people involved with
  community and faith groups) and their management, to
  identify a child at risk of harm and explain what to do if a child
  is in need of services to safeguard and promote his/her
  welfare.
Agency responsibilities
• All agencies who work with or have contact with children must
  review their child safeguarding procedures to ensure that they
  comply with the London Child Protection Procedures.
• When additional policies are required, these must complement
  the London Procedures.
• All agencies must ensure staff have awareness and
  understanding of the procedures and recognise their relevance
• All workers must have access to a named person within their
  agency who understands the procedures and is competent in
  working with them
Using the procedures
•   The procedures are intended to be used as a directory, with
    professionals accessing the section they need as appropriate. This
    requires that all staff are sufficiently familiar with the document to
    know where to look

Aids to this are:
•   A section called: ‘Quick Guide to using the Procedures’
•   Detailed contents pages at the front of each section
•   Cross-referencing
•   Easy electronic access and the facility to download each section
    separately
User friendly
• The procedures are significantly expanded and cover a wide
  range of issues that London Borough’s face. The largest area
  of expansion is Chapter 5 – providing professionals with
  procedures for Children in Specific Circumstances (C.I.S.C.)
• The procedures can be downloaded from
  www.londoncsb.gov.uk
• hyperlinks make the procedures easily accessible and user
  friendly
                         Procedures’ contents

5. Children in specific circumstances (cisc)
5.1 Introduction - new          5.7 Custodial settings for
                                   children - new
5.2 Animal abuse and links to
   abuse of children and        5.8 Custodial settings (children
   vulnerable adults - new         visiting)

5.3 Begging                     5.9 Diplomats families

5.4 Blood-borne viruses - new   5.10 Disabled children

5.5 Boarding school - new       5.11 Domestic violence

5.6 Bullying - new              5.12 Fabricated or induced
                                   illness
                         Procedures’ contents

5. Children in specific circumstances (cisc)
5.13 Female genital mutilation    5.19 Historical abuse

5.14 Firesetting - new            5.20 Honour based violence

                                  5.21 Hospitals - new
5.15 Forced marriage of a child
                                  5.22 Hospitals (specialist) - new
5.16 Foreign exchange visits
                                  5.23 Information and
5.17 Foster care - new               communication technology
                                     (ICT) based forms of abuse -
                                     new
5.18 Harming others
                          Procedures’ contents

5. Children in specific circumstances (cisc)

5.24 Left alone - new            5.29 Parental mental illness

5.25 Male circumcision - new     5.30 Parents with learning
                                    disabilities
5.26 Missing families for whom
   there are concerns for        5.31 Parents who misuse
   children or unborn children      substances

5.27 Missing from care and       5.32 Pregnancy and
   home                             motherhood for a child

5.28 Not attending school -      5.33 Pre-trial therapy - new
   new
                             Procedures’ contents

5. Children in specific circumstances (cisc)
5.34 Private fostering - new        5.39 Sexually active children

5.35 Psychiatric care for           5.40 Sexually exploited children
   children - new
                                    5.41 Spirit possession or
5.36 Psychiatric wards and             witchcraft - new
   facilities (children visiting)
                                    5.42 Surrogacy - new
5.37 Residential care - new
                                    5.43 Trafficked and exploited
5.38 Self-harming and suicidal         children
   behaviour
                                    5.44 Young carers
                          Procedures’ contents

5. Children in specific circumstances (cisc)
 Additional procedures:

 5.45 Accessing information from abroad

 5.46 Criminal injuries compensation

 5.47 Working with interpreters / communication facilitators
                           Procedures’ contents


Supplementary procedures
These form part of the London Child Protection Procedures, and are
  all summarised and cross-referenced in section 5 (cisc). They are
  all new:

   Safeguarding Children Abused through Domestic Violence
   Safeguarding Children Missing from Care and Home
   Safeguarding Trafficked and Exploited Children
   Safeguarding Children Abused through Sexual Exploitation
   Safeguarding Sexually Active Children
   Safeguarding Children at Risk of Abuse through FGM
   Safeguarding Children Missing from School
                             Procedures’ contents


6. Referral and assessment
Section 6 includes:

6.4 Indicator table - new
•   This is a table providing a guide to the difference within LA
    children’s social care between a s47 core assessment and an initial
    assessment. The table is intended as a guide and is not exhaustive
6.9 Quick referral flowchart - new
•   This flowchart shows the pathway for a referral, from a professional
    having initial concerns through to the eventual referral to LA
    children’s social care
                             Procedures’ contents

10. Working with Unco-operative Families

•   Section 10 is new. Its incorporation into the procedures reflects
    the finding from the review of London serious case reviews that
    working with unco-operative families is a skill which professionals
    need support with
                           Procedures’ contents

12. Unexpected death of a child
•   Section 12 is new. It is taken from Working Together to Safeguard
    Children 2006, and from April 2008 it will be replaced by a
    supplementary procedure outlining the London response to all child
    deaths


13. Risk management of known offenders
•   Section 13 is new. It has been written with significant input from
    the Youth Justice Board, London Youth Offending Teams, the
    London Probation Service, the Met Police and LA children’s social
    care
                           Procedures’ contents

14. Organised and complex abuse

•   Section 14 has been significantly expanded, using information
    from ‘Complex Child Abuse investigations: Inter-Agency Issues, HO
    and DH 2002’
                         Procedures’ contents

Appendices

1: Statutory Framework - new    5: Framework for the
                                   Assessment of Need for
2: Children’s Safeguarding         Children and their Families -
   Recommendations - new           new

3: Voluntary Agencies Keeping   6: Use of Questionnaires and
   Children Safe - new             Scales - new

4: Information Sharing Legal    7: Missing Persons’ Notification
   Framework - new
                                   Proforma - new

                                8: Acronyms - new
                            Procedures’ contents

Supplementary procedures

•   The supplementary procedures are available electronically,
    together with the main London Child Protection Procedures, from
    the London Board’s website:

              www.londonscb.gov.uk/procedures

•   They, and the main London procedures, can also be posted onto
    an agency’s intranet.
Contact Numbers
•   Police                            •   Child Protection Nurse Advisor
•   0208 3452927                          (Health)
•   Children’s Right Officers (NCH)   •   01708 465000
•   01708 554694 or 0773427163        •   Education Law advice line
•   Out of hours Social Care          •   0845 4566811
•   01708 433999                      •   Children’s Legal Centre
•   Child Protection Officer          •   Tel: 01206 872466
    (Schools or Education settings)   •   Fax: 01206 874026
•   01708 433842                      •   email: clc@essex.ac.uk
         The
London Child Protection
      Procedures
     3rd Edition, 2007
 Roles and Responsibilities

Safeguarding children is everyone’s
          responsibility’
Safeguarding Children
• Professionals in all agencies that work with
  children and / or adults who have
  parenting responsibilities share a
  commitment to safeguard and promote
  their welfare, and for many agencies this is
  underpinned by a statutory duty or duties
Needs of the child
• Information from serious case reviews continues to highlight
  that, when faced with the complex circumstances of a child’s
  life, professionals find it difficult to keep the focus on the child
  and the key elements which should contribute to ensuring his
  / her safety.
• Professionals should consider regularly checking their
  actions against this checklist as a good practice prompt:
Good practice checklist
•   Have you been able to speak to the child alone? Can you still do so?
•   Where will the child be for the next 24 hours? Is the child at immediate risk
    of harm (physical, sexual, emotional)?
•   What information do you have about the child and their family?
•   Have you completed a CAF or equivalent?
•   Are there other children (siblings, peers) who could be at risk of harm?
•   Is the mother at risk of harm? Do she and the child/ren have a safety plan?
•   Is it safe to discuss your concerns with the child’s parents – or will doing so
    put the child at greater risk of harm?
Good practice checklist
•   Is there a reason that makes it likely that the child will resist efforts to safeguard
    him/her (e.g. fear of a pimp, need for drugs)?
•   Have you recorded everything that has been said to you by the child, the parents /
    family, and other professionals? Have you recorded everything you have said to
    others?
•   Is there disagreement between health staff about the diagnosis of non-accidental
    injury? If there is, it must be resolved before the child is allowed home.
•   Have you discussed your concerns with your agency’s nominated safeguarding
    children adviser? If not, have you been able to reflect on your concerns with a
    colleague (in your or another agency) who has appropriate expertise?
•   Have you complied with your agency’s child protection procedures?
•   Is there a need to inform the police because a crime has been committed?
Commitment to safeguard
•   To fulfil their commitment to safeguard and promote the welfare of children, all
    organisations that provide services for, or work with, children and / or adults who
    have parenting responsibilities must:
     –   Set clear priorities for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children which are
         explicitly stated in strategic policy documents;
     –   Ensure there is a clear commitment by senior management to the importance of
         safeguarding and promoting children’s welfare, e.g. in job descriptions and individual
         performance targets;
     –   Have in place clear lines of accountability within the agency for work on safeguarding
         and promoting the welfare of children;
     –   Have appropriate whistle blowing procedures and a culture that enables issues about
         safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children to be addressed;
     –   Maintain accurate records of decision making and actions.
Responsibility to protect
• All agencies whose staff come into contact with children in
  their daily activities, and / or who provide services to adults
  who are parents, must have systems and arrangements in
  place to ensure that:
• Staff are recruited safely, (see section 17. Safer recruitment);
• Staff induction includes advice and instruction on the
  individual professional’s responsibilities in relation to
  promoting children’s welfare and safeguarding them from
  harm
Agency training and supervision
provision
• Staff must receive child protection training which
  is appropriate to their function within the agency,
• Staff must receive regular supervision, sufficient
  to support staff to recognise children in need of
  support and / or safeguarding,
Agency safeguarding policy /
procedures
• Agency must have internal safeguarding
  children policies and procedures, which
  comply with the London Child Protection
  Procedures
Named safeguarding officer
• Each agency must have a named safeguarding
  officer who has received appropriate child
  protection training and knows of the London
  Procedures and is competent in using them
• Staff must have easy access during service
  delivery times to the agency’s nominated
  safeguarding children adviser
Multi agency working
• Each agency must have arrangements for
  effective multi-agency working to promote
  children’s welfare and safeguard them
  from harm.
Further information
• Information regarding individual agencies
  rolls to safeguard children is set out in
  Chapter 2 of edition 3 of the London Child
  Protection Procedures 2007.
         The
London Child Protection
      Procedures
     3rd Edition, 2007
Section 3 London Child Protection
           Procedures
       Information Sharing
Why share?
• A key factor in many serious case reviews
  has been a failure to record information, to
  share it, to understand the significance of
  the information shared, and to take
  appropriate action in relation to known or
  suspected abuse or neglect.
Inter-agency working
• Information sharing is vital to safeguarding and
  promoting the welfare of children and improving
  information sharing practice is therefore a
  cornerstone of the Government’s Every Child
  Matters: Change for Children strategy to improve
  outcomes for children
London Child Protection Procedures
• The London Child Protection Procedures
  provide clear guidance and process for
  professionals in relation to information
  sharing.
• Agencies within Havering must comply
  with these procedures
• In deciding whether there is a need to
  share information, professionals need to
  consider the legal obligations including:
  – Whether the information is confidential;
  – If it is confidential, whether there is a public
    interest sufficient to justify sharing it
Confidential information is..
• sensitive, not already in public domain, shared in
  confidence
• Can be shared if
• authorised by the person who provided it or to whom it
  relates
• Can be shared unauthorised if justified in the
  public interest..
• Evidence that the child is suffering or at risk of
  suffering significant harm
• Reasonable cause to believe the child may be
  suffering or at risk of suffering significant harm
Practitioners must weigh up their decision –
  whether it is to share or not - and record the
  reasons for it
Practitioners must:
• Always consider referring to children's
  social care with concerns about harm
• Keep the child’s interests as the overriding
  consideration in making any such
  decisions
• Seek advice if unsure what to do
Consent is the key to successful information
sharing.

Even where the Data Protection Act does not
demand it, operating with consent is good
practice.
Consent:
• Must be informed
• Should normally be explicit but can be implied (written is
  preferable but can be verbal)
• Must be willing and not inferred from a non response
• Must be sought again if things change significantly
• Can be withdrawn
• In some cases practitioners should not
  seek consent
• What to share and how to share it
In deciding whether or not to
share information professionals
should use eight key questions:
  1. Is there a legitimate purpose to share the information?
  2. Does the information enable a person to be identified?
  3. Is the information confidential?
  4. If the information is confidential, has consent to share been obtained?
  5. Is there a statutory duty or court order to share the information?
  6. If consent has been refused, or there are good reasons not to seek consent
      to share confidential information, is there a sufficient public interest to share
      information?
  7. If the decision is to share, is the right information being shared in the right
      way?
  8. Have the decision and the reasons for it, been recorded?
In particular, practitioners should:
• Share the information which is necessary for the purpose for
   which it is being shared
• Share the information with those who need to know
• Check the information is accurate and up-to-date
• Share it in a secure way
• Establish with the recipient whether they intend to pass it on
   to other people, and ensure they understand the limits of any
   consent which has been given
• Inform the person to whom the information relates, and, if
   different, any other person who provided the information, if
   you have not already done so and it is safe to do so
• Record the reasons for deciding to share information.
• Legislation containing express powers or which imply
  powers to share:
• The Children Act 2004 and 1989
• Local Government Act 2000
• Education Act 2002 and 1996
• Learning and Skills Act 2000
• Education (SEN) regulations 2001
• Leaving Care Act 2000
• Protection of Children Act 1999
• Immigration and Asylum Act 1999
• Crime and Disorder Act 1998
• National health Service Act 1977
• The Health and Social care Act 2003
Coffee / Tea Break
    10 minutes
         The
London Child Protection
      Procedures
     3rd Edition, 2007
     The referral process
Responsibility to refer
•   Professionals in all agencies have a responsibility to refer a child to
    LA children’s social care when it is believed or suspected that the
    child:
•   Has suffered significant harm (see section 4. Recognition and
    response and/or section 5. Children in specific circumstances);
•   Is likely to suffer significant harm (see section 4. Recognition and
    response and/or section 5. Children in specific circumstances)
•   Has developmental and welfare needs which are likely only to be
    met through provision of family support services (with agreement of
    the child’s parent)
Referrals
•   New referrals and referrals on closed cases should be made to the
    LA children’s social care duty social worker. Referrals on open
    cases should be made to the allocated social worker for the case
    (or in their absence the manager or the duty social worker)
•   All referrals from professionals should be confirmed in writing, by
    the referrer, within 48 hours.
•   If the referrer has not received an acknowledgement of the referral
    within three working days, they should contact LA children’s social
    care again.
Time scales
• For all referrals to LA children’s social care, the
  child should be regarded as potentially a child in
  need, and the referral should be evaluated on the
  day of receipt (and no later than within one
  working day), and a decision made regarding the
  next course of action
Checks and information gathering

•   When taking a referral, LA children’s social care must establish as much of
    the following information as possible:
     –   Full names (including aliases and spelling variations), date of birth and gender of
         child/ren;
     –   Family address and (where relevant) school / nursery attended;
     –   Identity of those with parental responsibility;
     –   Names and date of birth of all household members;
     –   Ethnicity, first language and religion of children and parents;
     –   Any special needs of children or parents;
     –   Any significant / important recent or historical events / incidents in child or family’s life;
     –   Cause for concern including details of any allegations, their sources, timing and
         location;
Information gathering
•   Child’s current location and emotional and physical condition;
•   Whether the child needs immediate protection;
•   Details of alleged perpetrator, if relevant;
•   Referrer’s relationship and knowledge of child and parents;
•   Known involvement of other agencies / professionals (e.g. GP);
•   Information regarding parental knowledge of, and agreement to, the
    referral;
•   The information held on ContactPoint, where available. If there is a
    flag, establish the reasons for this.
This process should establish:

•   The nature of the concern;
•   How and why it has arisen;
•   What the child’s and the family’s needs appear to be;
•   Whether the concern involves abuse or neglect; and
•   Whether there is any need for any urgent action to protect
    the child or any other children in the household or
    community.
Information sharing
• A decision to discuss the referral with other agencies without
  parental knowledge or permission should be authorised by a
  LA children’s social care manager, and the reasons
  recorded.
• LA children’s social care should make it clear to families
  (where appropriate) and other agencies that the information
  provided for this assessment may be shared with other
  agencies, and contribute to the exemplar completed at the
  end of the assessment.
Information sharing
• Personal information about non-professional
  referrers should not be disclosed to third parties
  (including subject families and other agencies)
  without consent.
• The parents’ permission should be sought before
  discussing a referral about them with other
  agencies, unless permission-seeking may itself
  place a child at risk of significant harm.
Child Protection
• The LA children’s social care manager should be
  informed of any potential s47 enquiries and
  authorise the decision to initiate action.
• The threshold may be met for a s47 enquiry at
  the time of referral, following checks and
  information gathering or at any point of LA
  children’s social care involvement.
• The police must be informed at the earliest
  opportunity if a crime may have been committed.
The immediate response to
referrals may be:
•   No further action at this stage;
•   Provision of services;
•   A fuller initial assessment of needs (which may be very brief if the
    criteria for initiating a s47 enquiry are met);
•   A core assessment if indications exist that the case is particularly
    complex or several initial assessments have previously been
    completed;
•   Emergency action to protect a child;
•   A s47 strategy meeting / discussion (where child and/or family are
    well known or the facts clearly indicate that s47 enquiry is
    required).
Outcomes
• A LA children’s social care manager must
  approve the outcomes of a referral and ensure
  an ICS chronology has been commenced and/or
  updated.
• LA children’s social care must acknowledge all
  referrals within one working day
No further action
• Where there is to be no further LA children’s
  social care action, feedback should be provided
  to family and referrers about the outcome of this
  stage of the referral.
• In the case of referrals from members of the
  public, feedback must be consistent with the
  rights to confidentiality of the child and their
  family.
         The
London Child Protection
      Procedures
     3rd Edition, 2007
         The
London Child Protection
      Procedures
        3rd Edition, 2007
The Child Protection Conference
   Changes to the Child Protection
              Process
• From 12th December 2007 Havering Children’s
  Social Care (C.S.C.) will cease to hold a Child
  Protection Register
• When a Child Protection Conference decides that
  a child is at risk of harm, the child will be referred
  to as a Child subject to a Child Protection Plan.
What will change?
•   There will not be a child protection register
•   A list of those children subject to a child protection plan will be held
    within Children Social Care
•   Professionals with concerns for a child will be able to check
    whether the child is known to C.S.C. by contacting the Quality
    Assurance Unit 01708 433066 in the day time or the Emergency
    Duty Team 01708 433999 during evenings, weekends and public
    holidays
•   Professionals requesting information must give the reason for their
    enquiry to the C.S.C. worker so that appropriate information can be
    shared and timely action taken.
What stays the same?
• Changes do not effect threshold for significant harm or the
  categories of harm but relate specifically to terminology and
  process once the conference has decided that a child is at
  risk of harm.
• Good practice remains - The change will support a clear,
  focused and structured approach to working with all children
  subject to a plan
• The Conference
The Outline Plan
• This will be drawn up at the conference
  when a decision is made that the child is at
  risk of harm
• The aim of the outline plan is to assist the
  core group to form a more detailed plan
  and ensure that it is implemented
Monitoring progress
• Review of progress on achieving the
  outcomes set out in the child protection
  plan and consideration as to whether
  changes need to be made should be an
  agenda item at each review conference.
Discontinuing the Plan
• Where appropriate the child protection plan can
  be discontinued. This will be during a review
  Child Protection conference and following the
  chairs decision that the child no longer requires
  the protection of a child protection plan.
• In these cases a child plan may be devised .
Core Groups
• The core group will develop the plan and monitor
  implementation of the plan.
• The Core Group will be chaired by the social
  worker unless the case has been identified to be
  complex.
• In those circumstances the Core Group will be
  chaired by a senior member of staff or IRO
Complex case
• A case is complex if any of the following are
  present
• Frustrated access
• Superficial engagement
• Children returning home with a Child Protection
  Plan.
• It will be the responsibility of the Conference
  Chair to identify the level of complexity
Supervision
• Monitoring will occur within regular
  supervision and it will be the responsibility
  of the case worker to bring issues to the
  attention of the manager.
Responsibility for the Plan

• All professionals working with the family
  have a responsibility to bring concerns to
  the attention of the social worker
Information for Professionals
• Further information regarding the changes
  can be found on the information leaflet held
  within your packs
         The
London Child Protection
      Procedures
        3rd Edition, 2007
Children in specific circumstances

								
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