Step By Step- Laying Floor Tiles

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Step By Step- Laying Floor Tiles Powered By Docstoc
					People generally opt for floor tiles because they look great and provide a hardwearing,
waterproof surface for bathrooms, hallways or kitchens. Tiling needn't always be done
by a professional and in most cases a competent DIYer should be able to tackle plain
ceramic or quarry tiles.

Set aside a weekend for a small kitchen or bathroom, and aim to budget for spending
around two hundred pounds.

Check list:
Pencil & tape measure
Tile cutter
Notched trowel or spreader
Tile saw
Floor tiles
Adhesive or grout
Chalk line
Floor sealer
Profile shaper
Spirit level
Piece of hose pipe
Squeegee & Cloth Bucket & sponge

Choosing/buying Tiles You should look to buy around 10% more that you expect to
use. UKTV provide a Tiling Calculator which is great for helping to work this out.
Also, to avoid any manufacturing discrepancies between colour or grain you should
ideally buy all your tiles in one batch.

Preparation Ensure the surface which you are going to tile is dry, smooth and above
all level.

1: Plan tile positions It is very important that you firstly set out the position of the tiles
before commencing with laying the tiles. After marking the middle points of your
longest wall you should chalk a line at right angles to this mark. This should also be
done for the adjacent shorter wall resulting in two lines dissecting each other in the
middle of the room.

2: Positioning the tiles Begin laying the floor tiles along the two lines in order to work
out the best positions which will allow you to calculate how to use as many tiles as
possible without the need for cutting them. It's also preferable to avoid having too
many cut tiles along the wall that is seen when you first walk into the room. A good
tip is to try to make sure tiles are laid symmetrically around any main features such as
3: Applying adhesive and laying the tiles Start by spreading one square metre of the
adhesive into one of the corners formed by the chalk lines mentioned above. Gently
press down on the first tile, using the lines as a guide and carry on tiling along one of
the lines. Add more tiles until you have covered the adhesive. Now work outwards
from the centre of the room, always using the chalk lines as a guide. Apply more
adhesive to the floor and continue laying tiles until you have covered half the room
with as many whole tiles as possible. Next, start laying tiles on the other half of the
room, again working out from the other side of the centre line. Then leave the
adhesive to dry according to instructions given.

Some good tips: - Use a notched trowel or spreader which facilitates the even spread
adhesive across the floor. - Check your tile instructions to see if yours need spacing
joints. Even if they don't require them you can choose to use plastic spacers to make
the gaps between the tiles even. - You should check to see if the tiles are level by
laying a spirit level diagonally across the tiles. If any are uneven you can put more
adhesive under the necessary tile(s) to bring it level.

4: Filling in gaps You should fill in any remaining gaps with cut tiles. Using a tile
cutter, trim the tiles to the required size but before you cut, make sure you allow for
the gap required for grout between the tiles.

5: Sealing (where necessary) Depending on whether your tiles have already been
protected with a sealer coat, determined in the manufacturer's instructions, you may
need to seal the tiles yourself, particularly in the case of porous tiles.

6: Grouting Using the squeegee, force the grout in between the tiles, pushing the
squeegee across the gaps in both directions to make sure the grout is worked into all
the gaps. After that, use the straight edge of the spreader to ensure a neat grout line.
Before the grout dries, wipe off all excess with a damp sponge and lastly polish the
tiles with a clean cloth.

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