Executive Summary and Action Plan

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					Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

           Executive Summary and Action Plan

                                                           identifies opportunities and needs to ad-
                                                           vance the statewide bicycle program and
The Massachusetts Highway Department                       recommended actions to address them. The
(MassHighway) initiated the preparation of                 plan also contains an Action Plan which
the comprehensive Statewide Bicycle Trans-                 highlights specific actions to be taken by
portation Plan. The purpose of the plan is to              various responsible parties. While the plan
develop policies and practices to improve                  recognizes the important implementation
conditions for bicycling in the Common-                    roles of the regional planning agencies
wealth. The Statewide Bicycle Transporta-                  (RPAs), municipalities, and others, the Ac-
tion Plan builds upon past efforts and sets a              tion Plan outlines specific steps to be under-
framework for future actions.                              taken by agencies of the Commonwealth of
                                                           Massachusetts. The Massachusetts Secre-
As this is the first Massachusetts Statewide               tary of Transportation will direct and over-
Bicycle Transportation Plan, MassHighway                   see implementation of the Action Plan’s State
invited a number of state agencies, repre-                 highway, transit and multimodal elements.
sentatives of the bicycle community, and the
public to help identify bicycle transportation
opportunities and needs in several broad
                                                                    Public Involvement
                                                           MassHighway held seven public informa-
    highway planning, design, construction,                tion meetings throughout the Common-
    and maintenance practices                              wealth in June, 1996. An electronic mailbox
    transit and multimodal connections
                                                           was created to receive public input for the
    safety education and enforcement
                                                           plan, and postage-paid comment cards were
    tourism and promotion
    land use, zoning, and environmental                    included on the flyers distributed at the
    reviews                                                public meetings. MassHighway distributed
                                                           comments received from these sources and
The plan discusses successful local and state              notes of the public meetings to members of
programs in each of these areas. The plan                  the project’s Technical Advisory Committee
                                                           and User/ Focus Group, which provided

                                                  ix   Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

additional review and comment.
                                                                                        Policy Framework
MassHighway held a second round of seven
public meetings in November, 1996, to dis-                                 The vision of the Statewide Bicycle Trans-
cuss preliminary findings and draft recom-                                 portation Plan is the recognition of bicycling
mendations. Draft recommendations were                                     as a viable means of transportation and rea-
made available for public review prior to                                  sonable accommodation of the needs of bi-
these meetings at the RPAs and on the Inter-                               cyclists in all policies, programs, and pro-
net at www.vhb.com.1 Comments were re-                                     jects. Such actions will enhance the econ-
ceived via regular mail and e-mail for a 30-                               omy, environment, and quality of life in the
day period. During the first 10 months of                                  Commonwealth, and improve personal mo-
1997, the MassHighway planning, engineer-                                  bility.
ing, and district staff reviewed the plan exten-
sively. MassHighway distributed a final Pub-                               It is federal transportation policy “to pro-
lic Review Draft Plan to the 13 RPAs and to                                mote increased use of bicycling, to accom-
the State Transportation Library for a 30-day                              modate bicycle and pedestrian needs in de-
public review and comment period in the fall                               signing transportation facilities for urban
of 1997. MassHighway again posted the rec-                                 and suburban areas, and to increase pedes-
ommendation section of the plan on the Inter-                              trian safety.”2
net for review, and notices were sent to all
persons on the plan mailing list, including                                In recent years the Governor, the General
persons who attended any of the 14 public                                  Court, and Commonwealth agencies have
meetings held in 1996.                                                     taken action to recognize more formally the
                                                                           importance of bicycling within Massachu-
Many commenters in the fall of 1997 called                                 setts.
for a strengthening of the plan through the
development of an implementation strategy                                  The Executive Office of Transportation and
and specific action items, each tied to a lead                             Construction (EOTC) prepared Accessing the
agency with a deadline for implementation.                                 Future: The Intermodal Transportation Plan for
In response to these suggestions,                                          the Commonwealth of Massachusetts3 to guide
MassHighway developed an Action Plan.                                      transportation decisions into the next cen-
The Action Plan draws from a list of over 70                               tury. This plan recognizes bicycling as an
plan recommended actions to create a fo-                                   element of the larger intermodal transporta-
cused bicycle program to be implemented                                    tion system.
by the turn of the century. MassHighway
encourages the continued involvement of                                    Specific bicycling objectives included in Ac-
User/Focus Group during the next two                                       cessing the Future are:
years to monitor and update the plan.

                                                                           2   T.D. Larson, Administrator, Federal Highway Administration,
                                                                               Memorandum to Regional Federal Highway Administrators: Policy
1   Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc. (VHB) headed a consultant team who           on Bicycle and Pedestrian Projects, May 7, 1991.
    assisted MassHighway in the preparation of the plan.                   3   EOTC, 1995.

                                                                 x     Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

    Improving awareness of bicyclists’                     Commonly referred to as the Bicycle and Pe-
    needs in transportation facility design,               destrian Access Law, the legislation was en-
    construction and reconstruction.
                                                           acted during the course of the preparation
                                                           of this plan. An engineering directive is-
    Making bicycle facilities an integral part
    of the highway system by designing and                 sued in July 1997 in response to this law
    constructing roadways to safely and                    established a MassHighway benchmark for
    reasonably accommodate bicyclists.                     reasonable bicycle accommodation on
                                                           roadways where bicycles are legally permit-
    Implementing a spot-safety program to                  ted.4 The benchmark calls for a desirable
    provide low-cost, small-scale improve-
                                                           width of the outside travel lane plus paved
    ments such as drainage grate
    replacement.                                           usable shoulder of 5.0 meters (16.4 feet).
                                                           The directive requires documentation of
    Providing bicyclist access to and within               non-conforming designs and criteria to con-
    park-and-ride facilities, and passenger                sider when determining reasonable accom-
    rail, bus, ferry and air terminals;                    modation, including compatibility with the
    providing secure bicycle parking at
                                                           surrounding area and impacts on trees,
    these locations; providing safe and
                                                           parkland, and historic areas. The 1997
    convenient bicycle conveyance aboard
    other modes.                                           Highway Design Manual also provides design
                                                           guidance for bicycle accommodation on
    Developing training programs to                        low-speed, low-volume roadways.
    promote safer bicycling
                                                           MassHighway is developing guidance in the
On May 20, 1996, Governor William F. Weld                  application of the Bicycle and Pedestrian Ac-
signed “An Act Relative to Bicycle and Pe-                 cess Law to other aspects of bicycle facility
destrian Access in Construction of Public                  design as well as to planning, construction,
Ways,” which reads:                                        reconstruction, and maintenance projects.
                                                           The Action Plan discusses additional meas-
    The commissioner [of MassHighway]
                                                           ures to implement the Bicycle and Pedestrian
    will make all reasonable provisions for
    the accommodation of bicycle and                       Access Law, presented later in the Executive
    pedestrian traffic in the planning,                    Summary.
    design, and construction, reconstruction
    or maintenance of any project
    undertaken by the department. Such
    provisions that are unreasonable will                  Jurisdictional Roles and Respon-
    include, but not be limited to, those                              sibilities
    which the commissioner, after
    appropriate review by the bicycle                                        Cities and Towns
    program coordinator, determine would
    be contrary to acceptable standards of                 Roadways in Massachusetts are largely in
    public safety, degrade environmental
                                                           municipal jurisdiction (77 percent of total
    quality or conflict with existing rights of

                                                           4   Thomas F. Broderick, Chief Engineer, “MassHighway Engineering
                                                               Directive E-97-004, In Response to MGL CH 87 Acts of 1996, Bicycle
                                                               and Pedestrian Accommodation,” July 1, 1997.

                                                  xi   Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

roadway length) and private ownership (11                  Cities and towns may qualify for other types
percent). MassHighway and other agencies                   of funding from the state, such as Transpor-
can help to improve bicycling in Massachu-                 tation Enhancement funds through
setts through their planning, funding, and                 MassHighway, and Community Develop-
technical assistance roles, as well as on state-           ment Block Grants (administered by the
owned portions of the transportation sys-                  federal Department of Housing and Urban
tem. However, it is in the interest of Massa-              Development). The Executive Office of En-
chusetts cities and towns, and the private                 vironmental Affairs (EOEA) Division of
sector, to play a strong role in addressing                Conservation Services administers Self Help
the bicycling needs of their communities.                  and Urban Self Help programs to acquire
                                                           and improve open space, including trails.
Cities and towns initiate most projects that
serve bicyclists. The state funds municipal                Cities and towns play the principal role in
roadway and other capital projects through                 shaping land use and development patterns
Chapter 90, which distributes funds from                   through zoning and subdivision regula-
the State Transportation Bond. The state                   tions. Density controls, building setback
also provides maintenance, snow removal,                   requirements, parking requirements, site
and policing funds through Chapter 81.                     plan review requirements, and provisions
Cities and towns can use this money to                     for mixing or segregating land uses all affect
build bicycle facilities on and off roads, up-             bicycling conditions.
grade existing paths, and maintain facilities.
Although it is up to the municipality to pri-
oritize the use of this funding, MassHigh-
                                                                   Regional Organizations
way encourages that Chapter 90 funded
projects conform to MassHighway Engi-                      The 13 Massachusetts Regional Planning
neering Directive E-97-004.                                Agencies (RPAs) represent the cities and
                                                           towns in their regions and develop regional
Municipal public works and traffic depart-                 transportation plans. A Metropolitan Plan-
ments construct and maintain most road-                    ning Organization (MPO) differs from an
ways. They upgrade roadways and operate                    RPA in that it includes representation from
traffic signals. Subdivision streets are some-             a number of transportation agencies and has
times accepted by the municipality as public               specific responsibilities under the federal
ways and publicly maintained.                              transportation funding system.

Municipalities may also gain access to fed-                RPAs and MPOs play a primary role in pri-
eral funds, Greenways and Trails Grants,                   oritizing projects and coordinating state and
Urban/Self Help funds, Downtown Part-                      federal funds for municipal projects.
nership Program funds, Community Devel-                    Through the Transportation Improvement
opment Block Grant (CDBG), and other                       Program (the TIP process), MPOs develop a
funding programs to build and improve                      list of projects for funding for a six-year ho-
local sidewalks, bikeways, and streetscapes.               rizon. This process includes all highway
In most cases municipalities pay for projects              and transit projects, many of which include
through a combination of funding sources.                  a bicycling component, as well as other fed-

                                                 xii   Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

erally funded projects. Each region works                   The Alliance consists of a core group of over
closely with MassHighway to direct funding                  40 individuals representing a broad mix of
to projects. MassHighway compiles all re-                   interests and backgrounds. Members meet
gional TIPs and publishes a statewide TIP                   on a monthly basis to collaborate on a vari-
(the STIP).                                                 ety of helmet and bicycle safety initiatives
                                                            and to share information and resources. The
                                                            Alliance functions both as individuals and
                                                            as a group; individual members pursue
               State Agencies
                                                            their own interests and professional respon-
MassHighway has jurisdiction over                           sibilities, but draw assistance and support
4,670 km (2,902 miles) or approximately                     from one another. The Alliance receives no
nine percent of the total length of roadways                funding for its programmatic efforts. It is
in the Commonwealth. MassHighway is                         currently chaired by Injury Prevention and
responsible for the design, construction, and               Control Program staff in the Massachusetts
maintenance of these state-owned roads.                     Department of Public Health (MDPH), and
MassHighway will often build bicycle facili-                receives operational support from that
ties along segments of state highways if the                agency.
municipality agrees to assume responsibility
for maintenance.                                            The Injury Prevention and Control Program
                                                            has itself been a key player in Massachu-
The State Department of Environmental                       setts’ bicycle safety efforts. In addition to
Management (DEM) and the Metropolitan                       providing overall coordination to bicycle
District Commission (MDC) also build and                    safety efforts in the Commonwealth, the pro-
maintain extensive roadway and path sys-                    gram has led in the development and
tems on property that they manage. In ad-                   evaluation of new programs and activities.
dition, DEM also provides small grants                      Through its networking with the medical
through the Greenways and Trails Demon-                     community, local health departments and
stration Grants Program to local non-profit                 prevention centers, SAFE KIDS, schools, and
organizations, municipalities, and RPAs.                    the law enforcement community, it is able to
                                                            extend its influence and further the goals of
A number of groups, organizations, gov-                     bicycle safety.
ernment agencies, and others have ad-
dressed bicycle safety education and en-                    Another key player is the Governor’s
forcement efforts in the Commonwealth.                      Highway Safety Bureau (GHSB), the focal
One of the key players over the past several                point for all of the state’s highway safety
years has been the Massachusetts Bicycle                    related activities. Alongside the MDPH In-
Safety Alliance. The Alliance was formed in                 jury Prevention and Control Program,
1993 in response to a statewide helmet use                  GHSB has played a leading role in producing
law for bicyclists under the age of 13 that                 safety materials and educating the public
went into effect in March, 1994. Since then                 about the bicycle helmet law and the impor-
the Alliance has continued to serve as a fo-                tance of wearing a helmet. It has also pro-
cal point for bicycle helmet promotion and                  vided funding through its minigrant pro-
safety activities in Massachusetts.

                                                 xiii   Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

gram to support local efforts such as mass                 Two existing advisory boards and the User/
helmet purchases and bicycle safety rodeos.                Focus Group formed during the preparation
                                                           of this plan will play an important role in
At the state level, the EOEA’s Massachusetts               identifying implementation strategies.
Environmental Policy Act (MEPA) Unit re-                   MassHighway recognizes the Massachusetts
views development projects for environ-                    Bicycle Safety Alliance for its effective role
mental impacts. MEPA requires that the                     to date in improving bicycle safety in the
proponents of projects that meet certain                   Commonwealth. The Alliance would con-
thresholds (square footage, traffic genera-                tinue to provide leadership, direction, and
tion, parking spaces, and other criteria)                  continuity to the bicycle safety program.
must analyze the potential impacts of their
projects. Bicycle access is a component of all             The second group that will assist in the de-
transportation considerations, and there are               velopment of implementation strategies is
opportunities for more specific treatments of              the Massachusetts Bicycle Advisory Board.
bicycle access to and within new develop-                  The board, which has a legislative charge to
ment.                                                      “advise the departments on matters relative
                                                           to bicycle transportation,” consists of repre-
                                                           sentatives of MassHighway, Department of
                                                           Public Safety, DEM, MDC, RMV, MAPC,
      Implementation Strategy
                                                           and five members appointed by the Gover-
The Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan is               nor.
part of the evolving process to plan for bet-
ter bicycling conditions locally, regionally               Beyond the advisory responsibilities of the
and statewide in Massachusetts. Implemen-                  Massachusetts Bicycle Safety Alliance and
tation will build upon efforts to date in im-              the Massachusetts Bicycle Advisory Board,
proving bicycling conditions and will re-                  there is a need to coordinate directly the
quire a concerted effort of state, regional,               bicycle-related activities of state agencies.
and local agencies, private organizations                  The Governor may also designate the Secre-
and businesses, and the public.                            tary of Transportation as the lead agency
                                                           representative with responsibility for coor-
As the agency preparing the plan,                          dinating bicycle-related activities and pro-
MassHighway, working with the User/                        grams of state transportation agencies. The
Focus Group, the Technical Advisory                        Secretary may choose to form an implemen-
Committee, other agencies and organiza-                    tation committee of the state agencies in-
tions, and the public, has provided specific               volved that would develop a phased work
recommended actions for improving bicy-                    plan and funding requirements. The Secre-
cling conditions which reach beyond the                    tary of Transportation, with input from the
scope of its own jurisdiction. A commit-                   implementation committee and advisory
ment of other state agencies, as well as re-               boards, may seek funding for transportation
gional and local agencies, will be necessary               related elements of the bicycle program.
to carry out the recommended actions of the                MassHighway also encourages that other
plan.                                                      key agencies seek funding to realize the ob-
                                                           jectives of this plan.

                                                 xiv   Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

Transportation related bicycle program ac-                    monitoring and updating the Statewide
tivities at the state level will be consolidated              Bicycle Transportation Plan and
                                                              revising Building Better Bicycling;
under EOTC. The Bicycle Program will
submit a semiannual report to the Secretary
                                                              integrating bicycle considerations into
of Transportation outlining progress im-                      the planning, design construction,
plementing the Action Plan.                                   operation, and maintenance of:

The Bicycle User/Focus Group formed to                        1.   all MassHighway-owned roadways
assist the Commonwealth in the preparation                         and bridges where bicycling is
of this plan will monitor implementation of                        legally permitted. The Program
                                                                   Manager will also work with the
the Action Plan and assist the Bicycle Pro-
                                                                   Metropolitan District Commission
gram in updates of the Statewide Bicycle                           (MDC) and the Department of
Transportation Plan.                                               Environmental Management (DEM)
                                                                   on their roadways and bridges

                                                              2.   transit facilities operated by the
                Action Plan                                        Massachusetts Bay Transportation
                                                                   Authority (MBTA)
The following Action Plan draws from the
extensive series of recommended actions                       3.   bikeways owned by MassHighway.
that are discussed at length in the full plan.                     The Program Manager will also
While many groups, organizations, and                              work with EOEA, DEM, the MDC
agencies shape bicycling conditions in Mas-                        and other state agencies on their
                                                                   bicycle facilities;
sachusetts, it is also evident that Common-
wealth agencies play a key role. For this
                                                              assisting metropolitan planning
reason, EOTC and MassHighway developed                        organizations, regional planning
the Recommended Actions to outline spe-                       agencies and municipalities in planning
cific actions to be taken by Commonwealth                     and implementing bicycle programs
agencies to advance the bicycle plan’s                        and facilities;
                                                              assisting in the establishment of criteria
                                                              for evaluating applications to expend
                                                              federal Transportation Enhancement
                                                              and Demand Management funds and
  Establish Bicycle Program in EOTC
                                                              state funds authorized for bicycle
The Secretary of Transportation will create a                 facilties.
Bicycle Program Office under the Executive
Office of Transportation & Construction                    Reconstitute Bicycle Advisory Board
(EOTC) by July 1, 1998. The office will be
staffed by a Bicycle Program Manager, who                 The Secretary of Transportation will endorse
will report to the Secretary of Transporta-               appropriate legislation that creates a new
tion. The responsibilities of the Bicycle Pro-            Bicycle Advisory Board (BAB), replacing the
gram Office will include, but not be limited              existing board, to advise the Bicycle Pro-
to:                                                       gram Office. The board will consist of the
                                                          Secretary of Transportation or his/her des-

                                                 xv   Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

ignee, the Secretary of the Office Environ-                 Highway Planning, Design, Construc-
mental Affairs or his/her designee, the                        tion and Maintenance Practices
Commissioner of Highways or his/her des-
ignee, the Commissioner of Environmental
                                                                           Action Item 1
Management or his/her designee, the
Commissioner of the MDC or his/her des-                    The Bicycle Program Office working with
ignee, the General Manager of the MBTA or                  MassHighway, and in consultation with the
his/her designee, the Superintendent of the                User/Focus Group, will release a rewritten
State Police or his/her designee, the Com-                 MassHighway Engineering Directive E-97-004
missioner of Public Health or his/her desig-               and circulate copies to all MassHighway
nee, the Director of Travel & Tourism or                   offices, the MDC, the DEM, RPAs, munici-
his/her designee, one representative of any                pal planning and highway departments,
regional planning agency and seven non-                    and other interested parties who request a
governmental members appointed by the                      copy. The rewritten directive will refer to
Governor upon recommendation of the co-                    on-road accommodation of bicycles, includ-
chairmen, three of whom will be experi-                    ing shared roadways with wide outside
enced in bicycle safety, one of whom will be               lanes, bicycle lanes, and shoulder bikeways.
a representative of the commercial bicycle
industry, and three of whom will be repre-
sentatives of bicycle organizations. The Bi-
cycle Program Manager will serve ex officio.                               Action Item 2
Each appointee will serve without compen-
sation for a term of two years and may be                  MassHighway will conduct a statewide in-
reappointed to serve for no more than three                ventory of all public roadways (except local
consecutive terms. Two co-chairmen will be                 roads) and bridges where bicycles are per-
selected by a majority vote of the board                   mitted regardless of ownership. For road-
members, but at least one of the chairmen                  ways not directly under MassHighway’s
will not be an employee of the Common-                     ownership or supervision, MassHighway
wealth. The advisory board will meet at                    will coordinate the inventory with the MDC,
least four times a year. Among the board’s                 the DEM, the RPAs, and municipalities. The
primary responsibilities will be monitoring                inventory will include, when possible,
the implementation of this plan and assist-                roadway geometric data, pavement condi-
ing the Bicycle Program Office in future                   tion, speed limits, and traffic characteristics.
plan updates                                               Using the results of this inventory,
                                                           MassHighway will identify those segments
                                                           of roadways and bridges where on-road
    Funding for the Bicycle Program                        bicycling does not meet criteria established
                                                           in Engineering Directives. MassHighway
The Secretary of Transportation will seek
                                                           will assess the feasibility of improving bicy-
and obligate funds from state and local
                                                           cle accommodation on these roadway and
sources to carry out the Bicycle Program.
                                                           bridge segments. Once these data are avail-
                                                           able, MassHighway will establish goals for
                                                           increasing the length of roadways with wide

                                                 xvi   Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

outside lanes, bicycle lanes or shoulder                    revised AASHTO Guide for the Development
bikeways as appropriate. MassHighway                        of Bicycle Facilities and portions of any other
will complete these inventory, identification               appropriate design guidance including
and goal-setting activities and provide a                   model design manuals of other states. The
report to the Secretary of Transportation no                task force will be comprised of the Bicycle
later than July 1, 2000.                                    Program Manager and at least one bicycle
                                                            transportation expert who is not an em-
                                                            ployee of the Commonwealth in addition to
                                                            other personnel appointed by the Commis-
                  Action Item 3                             sioner of MassHighway. MassHighway will
                                                            provide a revised and comprehensive Build-
The Bicycle Program Office, in conjunction
                                                            ing Better Bicycling no later than September
with the BAB, will update and amend the
                                                            1, 1999. Copies of the revised manual will
Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan as
                                                            be made available to the MDC, the DEM,
necessary, and evaluate the programs initi-
                                                            the RPAs and MPOs, and municipalities to
ated by this Action Plan.
                                                            provide guidance in many comprehensive
                                                            aspects of improving bicycling.

                  Action Item 4
                                                                            Action Item 6
The Bicycle Program Office will monitor all
                                                            MassHighway will develop and adopt stan-
roadway, bridge and intersection improve-
                                                            dards and specifications for the detection of
ment projects with respect to their confor-
                                                            bicycles by actuated traffic signal systems in
mance with Engineering Directive E-97-
                                                            accordance with the Manual on Uniform Traf-
004. The Bicycle Program Office will furnish
                                                            fic Control Devices. These standards will be
the Secretary of Transportation with a re-
                                                            incorporated into the design process by De-
port every 12 months summarizing all pro-
                                                            cember 1, 1998. Bicycle detection will be
jects reviewed for conformance with this
                                                            specified in new and retrofit projects involv-
directive, including documentation where
                                                            ing actuated signal systems where needed.
reasonable bicycle accommodation was not
                                                            All projects funded or permitted by
provided. The first of these reports will
                                                            MassHighway will be subject to these stan-
evaluate projects reviewed from July 1,
                                                            dards and specifications.
1998, to January 1, 1999, and will be fur-
nished to the Secretary of Transportation no
                                                                            Action Item 7
later than March 1, 1999.
                                                            MassHighway will develop a spot-safety
                                                            program to provide in a timely manner
                  Action Item 5                             small-scale, inexpensive improvements to
                                                            roadways it maintains. The improvements
MassHighway will establish a task force to
                                                            include such activities as modifying drain-
assist in revising Building Better Bicycling to
                                                            age grates, sweeping and repairing pave-
address all aspects of bicycle facility design,
                                                            ment. As part of Project Clean, the Bicycle
incorporating portions of the forthcoming

                                                 xvii   Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

Program Office will work with the bicycle                   pansion or modification of existing ones no
community to develop a system for report-                   later than December 1, 1999.
ing to MassHighway bicycle-related condi-
tions on roadways it owns. The spot-safety
program will be operational by July 1, 1998.
MassHighway will provide yearly reports                                    Action Item 10
on the progress of the program to the Secre-
                                                            The MBTA will investigate a plan to expand
tary of Transportation.
                                                            the “Bikes-on-the-T” program, as well as a
                                                            plan to accommodate bicycles on rush-hour
                                                            commuter trains and buses under its owner-
 Transit and Multimodal Connections                         ship, taking into consideration the opera-
                                                            tional difficulties of accommodating bicycles
                                                            during rush hour, and submit it to the Secre-
                  Action Item 8
                                                            tary of Transportation by December 1, 1999.
The MBTA will conduct an inventory of bi-
cycle parking facilities at all of its train and
bus stations and assess the demand for ad-
ditional facilities. The MBTA will develop a                               Action Item 11
public-private partnership initiative to ad-
                                                            MassHighway will prepare similar invento-
dress additional facilities. This program will
                                                            ries and assessment of needs for bicycle
take into account the priority list of transit
                                                            parking at park-and-ride lots and other in-
center bicycle parking needs identified by
                                                            termodal transportation facilities under its
the Metropolitan Area Planning Council in
                                                            ownership. MassHighway will submit a
their regional bicycle and pedestrian plan.
                                                            report and estimate of capital needs for
The report on the public-private partnership
                                                            these facilities to the Secretary of Transpor-
initiative, including cost, will be provided to
                                                            tation by September 1, 1999.
the Secretary of Transportation no later than
December 1, 1999.

                                                              Safety Education and Enforcement

                  Action Item 9
                                                                           Action Item 12
The Secretary of Transportation will en-
                                                            The Secretary of Transportation, through the
courage other regional transit authorities
                                                            Bicycle Program Office, will work with
(RTAs) to conduct similar bicycle parking
                                                            other agencies in coordinating bicycle edu-
facility inventories and assessments.
                                                            cation and community outreach activities.
MassHighway will encourage the RTAs to
                                                            These agencies include MassHighway, the
develop a capital improvement program,
                                                            Governor’s Highway Safety Bureau, the
including funding requirements, to address
                                                            Department of Public Health, the MDC, the
the need for additional facilities and the ex-
                                                            DEM, the RMV, and other Commonwealth
                                                            agencies. The Bicycle Program will also ad-

                                                xviii   Executive Summary and Action Plan
Massachusetts Statewide Bicycle Transportation Plan

vise regional planning agencies and mu-
nicipalities in the planning and develop-
ment of bicycle programs. These activities
will begin no later than December 1, 1998.

                 Action Item 13

The Bicycle Program Office will develop a
“Share the Road” campaign, designed to in-
form motorists and bicyclists of their rights
and responsibilities and proper procedures
for operating their vehicles on Massachusetts
roadways. The Office will encourage the ac-
tive cooperation of the RMV in successfully
carrying out the campaign. This campaign
will begin no later than May 1, 2000.

                 Action Item 14

The Bicycle Program Office will work with
other appropriate Commonwealth agencies
and bicycle groups in coordinating an an-
nual Bicycle Education and Safety Confer-
ence to facilitate networking and sharing of
ideas and programs. The first such confer-
ence will be held no later than December 1,

         Tourism and Promotion

                 Action Item 15

The Bicycle Program Office, with the assis-
tance of MOTT, will develop a multi-page
publication oriented to the needs of the bi-
cycle tourist. The publication will be com-
pleted by July 1, 1999.

                                                 xix   Executive Summary and Action Plan