Refrigerant Compliance Includes Calculating Carbon Emissions

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Refrigerant Compliance Includes Calculating Carbon Emissions Powered By Docstoc
					If you manage a facility using a refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) system or
heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC-R) system, it's time to comply with
federal and state environmental laws regarding carbon emissions. To help reduce
greenhouse gases, the law requires calculating carbon emissions. This means
monitoring, collecting data and performing extensive reporting of CO2 sources.

Refrigerant systems use high levels of greenhouse gases, so the EPA established the
Climate Registry Protocol for calculating carbon emissions on a regular basis. The
international equivalent of this requirement is outlined in the Montreal Protocol and
Kyoto Protocol. The main purpose for calculating carbon emissions is to begin
reducing the damaging effects that refrigerant gas has on the environment.

Commercial refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) systems or heating, ventilation
and air conditioning (HVAC) systems operate on refrigerant gas, which is made up of
hydrochlorofluorocarbons      (HCFCs),      chlorofluorocarbons     (CFCs)     and
perfluorocarbons (PFCs). When broken down, these substances contain carbon,
chlorine, fluorine and hydrogen.

These gases are major ozone depleting substances. By calculating carbon emissions,
government environmental agencies will be able to better understand the situation.
Companies who fail to report their carbon emissions will be issued a substantial fine.

Information about reducing greenhouse gases by calculating carbon emissions is
contained in EPA, ISO, World Resource Institute and Climate Registry protocols. In
summary, the mandatory regulations require facilities using refrigeration and
air-conditioning (RAC) systems or heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC)
systems to collect, organize, calculate and report carbon emissions.

Some volume of carbon is released into the environment by any company with a
refrigerant system. Trying to determine how much carbon is emitted is an intricate
process. Calculating carbon emissions begins by collecting data across the entire
company and all its locations and identifying the gases. From there, a determination
on how much of each gas is released must be made. Then various reports that include
tracking methods need to be completed and submitted.

Refrigerant management programs can best handle the tedious process of calculating
carbon emissions. With so many components involved, a computerized refrigerant
management program is much more effective than manually handling and reviewing
paper reports. A refrigerant management program that includes a solution for
refrigerant gas tracking and an automated way to calculate carbon emissions is
important. Solutions like this make is easier to handle calculating carbon emissions
for all AC/HVAC systems operated by a company.

There are several reasons that led to the EPA and international environmental agencies
to require companies to include calculating carbon emissions in their reports. Most
importantly is to identify the major sources of greenhouse gases. Equally important is
to establish a tracking mechanism for determining how much harmful gases are
released at any given time. The information will be used to improve air quality with
measures aimed at reducing carbon emissions.

By calculating carbon emissions, companies will be able to recognize the extent of
their carbon footprint. For companies with multiple locations using refrigeration and
air-conditioning (RAC) systems or heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC)
systems, the task becomes even more critical.

But there is help to address this challenging issue. Emerging software provided by
clean-tech development firms track carbon dioxide gas emissions across all sites so
companies can do their part to ensure a healthy environment for years to come.