What changes did the Spanish
Conquest of South America bring?
How would life be different if another country took over
The Influence of the
Colonial Catholic Church
Our Lady of
I. Impact of the Spanish Rule on
A. Religious Conversions
1. Catholic missionaries (Jesuits)
converted native people to
B. Genocide by Disease
1. Spaniards unknowingly brought infectious
diseases (influenza, smallpox) to native populations.
2. Killed millions of people between 1520-1600
WHAT ROLE DID DISEASE
PLAY IN SPANISH
Of all the organisms Europeans brought to America, none were
more harmful to Native Americans than Old World diseases
(Cronon 1983). The Europeans brought with them smallpox,
measles, diphtheria, trachoma, whooping cough, chicken pox,
bubonic plague (carried by fleas, which were carried by
European rats), malaria, typhoid fever, cholera, yellow fever,
dengue fever, scarlet fever, amebic dysentery, influenza, and a
number of worm infections (Figure 3). Native Americans had
absolutely no antibodies to these diseases. To say that the effect
of these illnesses on the population of the Americas was
devastating would be an understatement.
C. Slave Trade
1. Imported African slaves to work on large plantations
D. Cultural Diffusion
Native goods such as Corn Potatoes, tomatoes,
sugar, Chocolate, Peanuts introduced to the rest of
The “Columbian Exchange”
Squash Avocado Peppers Sweet Potatoes
Turkey Pumpkin Tobacco Quinine
Cocoa Pineapple Cassava POTATO
Peanut TOMATO Vanilla MAIZE
Olive COFFEE BEAN Banana Rice
Onion Turnip Honeybee Barley
Grape Peach SUGAR CANE Oats
Citrus Fruits Pear Wheat HORSE
Cattle Sheep Pigs Smallpox
Flu Typhus Measles Malaria
Diptheria Whooping Cough
Cycle of Conquest &
from the Americas!
The Slave Trade
1. Existed in Africa before the coming
of the Europeans.
2. Portuguese replaced European slaves
Sugar cane & sugar plantations.
First boatload of African slaves
brought by the Spanish in 1518.
275,000 enslaved Africans exported
to other countries.
3. Between 16c & 19c, about 10 million
Africans shipped to the Americas.
Sharks followed the slave ships!
Summary -HOW DID EACH OF THE FOLLOWING LEAD
TO EUROPEAN INFLUENCE AND DOMINATION IN