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Today’s Knowledge Research is usually deﬁned as the search for answers to questions. At THRIP, however, it is deﬁned as possibility and promise – the promise of a more competitive economy, a more skilled workforce, and ultimately a better life for all. Every morning, scientiﬁc researchers wake up to the possibility that the work they do today could change our world tomorrow, whether it be through medical treatments that save lives, the creation of new export markets, or technologies that bring basic infrastructure to South Africans in need. This is how THRIP supports our country’s growth and development – by helping to transform today’s knowledge into tomorrow’s wisdom. This annual report highlights the programme’s performance over the past year, and its unique contribution to the creation of this knowledge base. Contents How Annual The power of About THRIP Performance People ﬁnancial partnerships THRIP works overview at THRIP statements Pg 2 Pg 3 Pg 5 Pg 7 Pg 14 Pg 15 The Technology and Human Resources for Industry collaboration that addresses the technology and human Programme (THRIP) is a partnership programme funded resource needs of South African business. by the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti), managed by the National Research Foundation (NRF) THRIP’s mission is to improve the competitiveness and guided by a board comprising representatives from of South African industry by supporting research industry, government, higher education, labour and science and technology development activities and councils. On a cost-sharing basis with industry, THRIP enhancing the quality and quantity of appropriately supports science, engineering and technology research skilled people. THRIP Annual Report 2005 1 The power of partnerships THRIP is unique in that it combines scientiﬁc and technological research with human resource development, in this way tackling one of South Africa’s most pressing challenges – skills creation and retention. Rather than supporting technology for technology’s sake, THRIP uses it as a means to achieve equity, redress and a more competitive economy. The THRIP formula is simple, and it works. By challenging Mr Mandisi Mpahlwa, companies to match government funding for innovative research Minister of Trade and Industry and development, THRIP puts participants in a position to improve the quality of their products, services and people. This “Funding from the dti to THRIP reached the year, total funding from the dti to THRIP since its inception has billion Rand mark by 2005. This is evidence of reached the billion Rand mark – a ﬁgure matched, if not exceeded, our commitment to the programme and our by industry. faith in its continued ability to contribute much- needed skills and human resources to the South The relationship between THRIP and the dti is proof of how government departments can add real value to South Africa’s African scientiﬁc community.” development, rather than just being administrators. The involvement of the private sector not only gives researchers the beneﬁt of real-world experience and perspective, but it also gives local industry a means to develop speciﬁc solutions to their own technological challenges. THRIP then leverages the strength of these partnerships to enrich our human resources potential, especially among previously disadvantaged groups. Government is committed to science and technology development as a crucial driver of economic growth, and the THRIP successes captured in this annual report are evidence of the return on this investment. THRIP Annual Report 2005 2 About THRIP THRIP aims to improve the competitiveness of South African science and technology. This should, in particular, promote industry through the development of technology and highly- the mobility of trained people among relevant sectors. skilled human resources. What distinguishes THRIP from other • To stimulate industry and government to increase their human resource development initiatives is its goal of providing investment in research and technology development and new and enhanced educational experiences within the context of diffusion, and the promotion of innovation. technology development and/or diffusion, as a result of customised participation by students in collaborative projects. Industry and the dti share the cost – and therefore the risk – of developing commercial technology on a R2 to R1 basis (industry: The programme is also designed to foster collaborations among the dti). However, the dti’s support may be doubled if a project industry, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and Science, supports any of THRIP’s key priorities. These priorities are: Engineering and Technology Institutions (SETIs) as a means of 1. To support an increase in the number of black and contributing to the removal of past inhibitions to joint activity female students who intend to pursue technological and among these sectors. engineering careers. 2. To promote technological know-how within the small, Through THRIP, on a cost-sharing basis with industry, government medium and micro enterprise (SMME) sector through the helps to create long-term partnerships that combine an interest deployment of skills vested in HEIs and SETIs. in ﬁnding solutions to identiﬁed technological problems with 3. To facilitate and support multi-ﬁrm projects in which the provision of high-level training and education relating to ﬁrms (including at least one black-empowered enterprise) technology development. THRIP also encourages and facilitates collaborate and share in the project outcomes. the mobility of research personnel and students among 4. To facilitate and support the improved competitiveness participating organisations. of black-empowered enterprises through technology and human resources development. The speciﬁc objectives of the programme are: • To help increase the quantity and quality of people with During the period under review, THRIP translated these appropriate skills in the development and management of objectives into the following set of activities, which have helped to technology for industry. guide its work over the past 12 months and which will continue to • To promote increased interaction among researchers and move the programme closer towards its long-term goals: technology managers in industry, HEIs and SETIs, with the • Improving participation in THRIP by SMMEs and black- aim of developing skills for the commercial exploitation of empowered enterprises, while ﬁnding ways to contribute to THRIP Annual Report 2005 3 the second economy in general. • Improving participation in THRIP by black researchers and students, especially black women. • Building research capacity at Universities of Technology, as well as building human capital in science, engineering and technology in general. • Improving communication to keep stakeholders informed of changes and developments in THRIP. Dr Khotso Mokhele, • Reducing unspent funds at the end of the ﬁnancial year. NRF President • Coordinating THRIP with other NRF programmes. “On average, over 2 400 students are supported As a partnership programme, THRIP actively supports the notion through THRIP-funded research each year. This that the State can leverage greater outcomes and impact by human resource development remains a key forging partnerships with other economic actors than it can by measure of THRIP’s success, and a cornerstone acting alone. It also supports the principle that macroeconomic of the NRF’s strategy for creating a South stability alone is not sufﬁcient to achieve growth and equity in the South Africa economy. THRIP therefore focuses on cross- African knowledge society that can compete cutting issues such as technology, human resources development effectively in the global economy.” and access to ﬁnance and infrastructure. This supports the dti’s Medium Term Strategic Framework (2004-2007), which argues that an integrated and advanced manufacturing sector in South Africa can be leveraged to generate higher levels of economic growth, employment creation and the reduction of economic inequalities. THRIP Annual Report 2005 4 How THRIP works Application process STEP The project leader is responsible for: 1 Approval process THRIP is responsible for: STEP 2 • Registering and applying online at • Organising independent external reviewers, in various http://nrfonline.nrf.ac.za. technical ﬁelds, to assess the applications. Assessment The designated authority at the institution is responsible for: is guided by the Multi-Criteria Decision Model • Validating all online applications. (MCDM). THRIP management makes the ﬁnal decision on support. THRIP is responsible for: • Communicating outcomes to the designated authority • Final quality control of received applications. at the institution by email. • Disqualiﬁcation of non-THRIPable costs. • Preparing and mailing allocation and regret letters to individual project leaders and their industrial partners. Disbursement process The project leader is responsible for: • STEP 3 Collating and sending the signed CoG to THRIP before • Signing acceptance of the Conditions of Grant (CoG) and money can be disbursed. submitting it to the designated authority. • Validating PoPs and that expenditure will be project- • Submitting Proof of Payments (PoPs) to the designated related. authority within three weeks of receiving industry • Collating and sending validated PoPs to THRIP on a payment. monthly basis. The institution’s designated authority and ﬁnancial ofﬁcer are The industry partner is responsible for: responsible for: • Approving the industry contribution online. THRIP Annual Report 2005 5 How THRIP works Reporting process STEP THRIP has three types of reporting: the annual progress 5 report, the ﬁnal report and the post-funding report. A) ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT Mr Tshediso Matona, The project leader is responsible for: Director-General: the dti • Reporting progress using the online system at http://nrfonline.nrf.ac.za. “It is rewarding to see THRIP’s efforts reﬂected in its performance ﬁgures this year. The The industry partner is responsible for: • Evaluating the progress report online at involvement of black women has more than http://nrfonline.nrf.ac.za. doubled, while the number of funded projects IMPORTANT: THRIP requires this information in order to approve in this sector has grown by over 40%. We look continued support. forward to seeing this trend continue.” Proof of Expenditure (PoE) process STEP The project leader is responsible for: 4 B) FINAL REPORT (submitted six months after completing the project) The project leader is responsible for: • Reporting on the overall success of the project. • Reporting expenditure of THRIP funds against the IMPORTANT: The ﬁnal report is done in addition to the last project budget (as found in the annual progress report) annual progress report. using the online system at http://nrfonline.nrf.ac.za. The institution’s designated authority and ﬁnancial ofﬁcer are responsible for: C) POST-FUNDING REPORT • Validating the PoE report. (submitted two years after completing the project) • External auditing of the expenditure of THRIP funds. The project leader is responsible for: • Collating and submitting ﬁnancial audit reports to THRIP. • Reporting on the impact of the project. THRIP is responsible for: IMPORTANT: All three reports are compulsory. Failure to submit any of these might result in the recall of funds. Allocated funds • Acting on the audit reports. that are not disbursed within the THRIP ﬁnancial year (April to IMPORTANT: Failure to report against expenditure might result in March) are returned to the National Treasury. Re-allocations can the recall of funds that are unaccounted for. only be made within a ﬁnancial year. THRIP Annual Report 2005 6 Performance overview THRIP’s commitment to partnerships between industry stakeholders, researchers and academia is realised through Grant funding history (Rm) an equally strong commitment to a culture of continuous THRIP funds from the dti decreased by almost 4% improvement. Over the years, the team has made signiﬁcant compared to the previous year, as a result of cuts in improvements in areas such as turnaround times, the employment government funding. Industry funds increased to their of independent expert panels for rigorous and consistent highest level ever – R218,7 million. evaluation process, and stakeholder engagements. Although faced with a great deal of change and challenges 1997 over the past year, most notably the need to grow small business involvement in the programme, THRIP has strived to 1998 maintain operational efﬁciencies, and has succeeded in keeping 1999 administration costs to below 5% of the total fund grant. 2000 Challenges for the year ahead include stricter control of deadlines, improved communication of new developments and changes 2001 to stakeholders, the use of the e-granting system to fast-track the grant process, and improved interaction with other NRF 2002 programmes. 2003 In 2005 THRIP experienced a slight decrease (almost 4%) in funding from the dti. Total government funding to THRIP since 2004 its inception has surpassed the billion Rand mark. Industry funds have increased consistently year-on-year, and now comprise 2005 around 60% of the total funds available to approved research 0 50 100 150 200 250 projects. This is testament to the value that THRIP’s industrial n THRIP n Industry partners place in the programme. THRIP Annual Report 2005 7 Performance overview Funds requested vs awarded (Rm) 210 Dr Willem Barnard, 180 Chairperson: THRIP Advisory Board 150 “In the past year THRIP disbursed over R27 million to 85 SMME-based projects. By increasing this allocation substantially, we 120 hope to encourage more participation from a sector that we believe holds huge potential for economic growth.” 90 Funding in priority areas grew in 2005, although THRIP is still some way from achieving its targets in this regard. The number of projects that were awarded 1:1 funding on the basis 60 of black/women student involvement grew by 42% to 148 projects. Together, these received a quarter of the total funds allocated in 2005. 30 The number of projects that received 1:1 funding on the basis of SMME-only involvement grew by 37% to 85 projects. Together, they received over R27 million of the funds released. 0 Requested Awarded Released SMME involvement has been identiﬁed as a top priority, and THRIP’s marketing strategy for the year ahead includes helping institutions to ﬁnd SMME partners. THRIP has also developed a The discrepancy between the funds awarded and those eventually released is due to the withdrawal or reduction of database of SMMEs, which has been made available to institutions industry partner contributions. to assist them in this regard. THRIP Annual Report 2005 8 Performance overview Funds released per type of institution Combined funding to Universities of Technology and Historically Black Universities ������������� (HBUs) totalled ��� ��� ���� ������������� over R11,45 ���������� ����������� ����������� ���������� million, which builds on the increase that was achieved in 2004. However, Historically White Universities (HWUs) still receive the bulk of funds, and HBU funding remains an important priority area. Funding in priority areas Some 148 projects involving a signiﬁcant number of black/ women students received funding on a 1:1 basis (R83,55 million in total). Similarly 85 projects received 1:1 funding based on SMME-only involvement (R27,13 million). Black/women students Black/women students 148 projects R83 558 202 SMME-only involvement SMME-only involvement R27 133 886 85 projects THRIP Annual Report 2005 9 Performance overview The number of black women students involved in THRIP-funded research more than doubled, from 158 in 2004 (almost 7% of Number of students graduating in 2005 the total students supported) to 351 (over 13%) in 2005. The number of black men students increased from 658 in 2004 ����� 2 619 (almost 29% of the total students supported) to 822 (31%) in 2005. This can be attributed to the improved visibililty of THRIP ����� in these areas. ����� 1 236 Black men now comprise more than half of all the male students supported through THRIP, while black women comprise 32% of 760 ��� 517 all the female students supported. 353 314 160 160 53 119 50 40 0 86 13 56 14 22 � The majority of students supported are at Master’s and doctoral ������ ������� �������� �������� ����� ����� ��������� �������� level, with a far higher proportion of honours students than in 2004 ������������������ (517 compared to 169). This could be an indication that more ������������������ students are starting to pursue postgraduate qualiﬁcations in the ���������������� science ﬁeld. However, the relatively low number of undergraduate Breakdown of students ��� Despite consistent growth over the past few years, the ��� smallest group of students receiving THRIP support �� remains that of black ����� �� women. Growing the Black White ��� number of women involved in THRIP – both black and ��� white – is an ongoing challenge. ����� Undergraduates ��� Postdoctoral ��� Honours ��� White Master’s Black Doctoral THRIP Annual Report 2005 10 Performance overview students highlights the ongoing need to boost the number of Breakdown of researchers students enrolling for science and mathematical degrees. Black White THRIP’s most important responsibility is to strengthen and expand Grand total in number the core of highly qualiﬁed people who consititute the Women Women Total Total platform on which South Africa’s technology-driven industry can Men Men be built. In particular, this means increasing the number of THRIP Grant-holders 22 0 22 175 47 222 244 researchers who are black and/or female. Team members 72 5 77 376 89 465 542 Total 94 5 99 551 136 687 786 THRIP made good progress in 2005, increasing the total number of women grant-holders by 114%, from 22 to 47. The total Almost 13% of all the researchers supported by THRIP are black. These ﬁgures reﬂect the urgent need for young, black number of black grant-holders grew by 47%, from 15 to 22. and female researchers to establish themselves in the ﬁeld of scientiﬁc research. This is in part due to stronger marketing efforts, but is also the cumulative effect of efforts over the past few years to improve THRIP’s performance in this regard. Field No. of projects THRIP funds Industry funds Total Grouping of THRIP Agricultural sciences projects according 28 5 909 630 9 637 140 15 546 770 and forestry to industry category Biological sciences 17 9 652 042 22 319 035 31 971 077 Engineering 210 88 483 903 163 287 385 251 771 288 Figures are based on the actual funds released to Health sciences 8 3 503 051 6 193 103 9 696 154 2005 applications. Mathematical sciences 2 508 800 653 000 1 161 800 Physical sciences 19 3 779 731 7 411 297 11 091 028 Social sciences, 0 0 0 0 humanities and others Technology 15 4 864 376 8 584 312 13 448 688 Other 1 450 000 600 000 1 050 000 300 117 151 533 218 585 272 335 736 805 Note: A single project may be categorised into more than one industry sector. THRIP Annual Report 2005 11 Performance overview Key Performance Indicators (%) The beige bar indicates the percentage by which THRIP (Technology and Innovation Promotion through Transfer exceeded or fell short of its target for 2005. For example, of People) by 45%. Targets in ﬁve areas were exceeded in the total funding to HBUs fell short of target (by 69%), while 2005/6. Increased visibility and marketing will be made a THRIP exceeded its target for the number of TIPTOPs priority in areas where targets are still to be met. HBUs Universities of Technology No. of SA firms No. of projects involved in multi-partner firms No. of SMMEs Total no. of students No. of black students No. of female students No. of TIPTOPs No. of researchers No. of patents No. of products & artifacts No. of publications -100 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 n Target (100%) n Actual (% over or under target) n Gap THRIP Annual Report 2005 12 Performance overview Projects supported and outputs per institution for 2005/6 FUNDS RELEASED HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH OUTPUTS per student (THRIP + Research publications THRIP actual (R’000) Number of projects Students supported Average investment TIPTOP candidates Products/artefacts % of total THRIP industry) (R’000) Industry (R’000) Team members Project leaders Total (R’000) contribution Patents Institution ARC 10 1 379 9 409 10 788 1,18 28 385 9 5 0 22 38 2 CSIR 13 11 006 18 262 29 268 9,39 144 203 7 20 1 10 87 0 Elsenburg Agricultural Research Centre 2 1 151 1 677 2 828 0,98 12 236 2 0 0 0 14 0 Medical Research Council (SA) 1 126 361 487 0,11 1 487 1 2 0 0 0 0 MINTEK 3 3 969 6 451 10 420 3,39 43 242 3 0 2 1 15 0 Port Elizabeth Museum (Bayworld) 2 961 1 445 2 406 0,82 9 267 2 7 0 2 8 0 Sub total SETIs 31 18 592 37 605 56 197 15,87 237 237 24 34 3 35 162 2 Cape Peninsula University of Technology 5 626 2 021 2 647 0,53 23 115 4 6 3 1 12 10 Durban University of Technology 1 500 850 1 350 0,43 7 193 1 4 8 0 2 0 Technikon Mangosuthu 1 75 100 175 0,06 5 35 1 0 0 0 6 0 Tshwane University of Technology 14 4 085 9 120 13 205 3,49 84 157 5 5 37 0 43 0 Vaal University of Technology 2 520 938 1 458 0,44 12 122 2 0 0 0 14 0 Sub total technikons 23 5 806 13 029 18 835 4,96 131 144 13 15 48 1 77 10 Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University 10 2 368 4 095 6 463 2,02 77 84 5 12 0 7 136 22 North-West University 13 7 096 12 660 19 756 6,06 131 151 10 39 30 16 90 23 Rhodes University 5 1 487 2 288 3 775 1,27 66 57 5 10 1 9 93 3 University of Cape Town 42 18 828 32 905 51 733 16,07 421 123 33 115 13 30 697 10 University of Fort Hare 1 450 600 1 050 0,38 27 39 1 1 0 0 16 0 University of Johannesburg 8 2 080 3 464 5 544 1,78 54 103 8 12 2 25 119 13 University of KwaZulu-Natal 23 6 994 16 324 23 318 5,97 161 145 21 21 12 11 409 5 University of Limpopo 1 397 610 1 007 0,34 3 336 1 0 1 0 1 0 University of Pretoria 54 16 098 27 667 43 765 13,74 457 96 46 65 28 34 434 9 University of Stellenbosch 43 18 361 31 714 50 075 15,67 410 122 39 117 25 45 496 5 University of the Free State 4 417 3 161 3 578 0,36 20 179 4 7 7 0 3 0 University of the Western Cape 5 3 865 6 721 10 586 3,30 71 149 5 12 0 19 92 0 University of the Witwatersrand 35 13 384 24 464 37 848 11,42 335 113 27 74 2 0 201 15 University of Venda 1 33 175 208 0,03 3 69 1 4 2 0 4 0 University of Zululand 1 896 1 203 2 099 0,76 15 140 1 4 0 4 22 0 Sub total universities 246 92 754 168 051 260 805 79,17 2 251 116 207 493 123 200 2 813 105 Total 300 117 152 218 685 335 837 100,00 2 619 128 244 542 174 236 3 052 117 This table is based on information available at the end of April 2006. Funding reﬂects the amounts released, whereas the ﬁnancial statements in this report include all carry forwards and PoEs received. THRIP Annual Report 2005 13 People at THRIP Dr Prins Reﬁlwe Ngoato Rhyné de Bruyn Marinky Tshepe Nevhutalu Professional Coordinator Liaison Ofﬁcer Director Ofﬁcer Dr Mphekgo Clement Collins Mangena Tebatso Leduka Maila Matasane Liaison Ofﬁcer Liaison Ofﬁcer Manager Professional Ofﬁcer Steyn Maseema Etresia du Plessis Ayanda Zondi Diana de Clerq Financial Marketing and Liaison Ofﬁcer Senior Controller Communications Administrative Ofﬁcer Ofﬁcer Board members CHAIRPERSON COTII INDUSTRY SCIENCE COUNCILS Dr Willem Barnard Ms Wawa Damane Mr Barney Tsita Dr Moleﬁ Motuku Managing Director: KWV CEO: Small Enterprise Executive Director: MINTEK: General Manager – Development Agency Shikisha/Goodyear Tyre & Research & Development GOVERNMENT Dr Dave Walwyn Rubber Company Mr Masizakhe Zimela CSIR Corporate: Mr David Moshapalo HIGHER EDUCATION Chief Director: CSIR Group Research Manager Deputy Chairman: Strategic Professor Hubert E Hanrahan Resource-based Industries Partners Group Dept. of Electrical Dept. of Trade and Industry NRF Ms Tumisang Zondo Engineering: University of the Dr Molapo Qhobela Dr Rocky Skeef HR Manager: Total SA Witwatersrand Chief Director: Executive Director: Education Development, New Business Development ORGANISED LABOUR Dept. of Education Ms Tanya van Meelis Dr Phil Mjwara COSATU: Director-General: Dept. of Trade and Industry Policy Science and Technology Coordinator THRIP Annual Report 2005 14 Annual ﬁnancial for the year ended statements 31 March 2006 THRIP Annual Report 2005 15 Report of the Auditor-General to THRIP for the year ended 31 March 2006 1. Audit assignment An audit includes: The ﬁnancial statements set out on pages 18 to 25, for the year • examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts ended 31 March 2006, have been audited in terms of section and disclosures in the ﬁnancial statements; 188 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 • assessing the accounting principles used and signiﬁcant (Act No. 108 of 1996), read with sections 4 and 20 of the Public estimates made by management; and Audit Act, 2004 (Act No. 25 of 2004). These ﬁnancial statements, • evaluating the overall ﬁnancial statement presentation. the maintenance of effective control measures and compliance with relevant laws and regulations are the responsibility of the I believe that the audit provides a reasonable basis for my opinion. accounting authority. My responsibility is to express an opinion on these ﬁnancial statements, based on the audit. 3. Audit opinion In my opinion, the ﬁnancial statements fairly present, in all material 2. Nature and scope respects, the ﬁnancial position of THRIP at 31 March 2006 and The audit was conducted in accordance with the International the results of its operations and cash ﬂows for the year then Standards on Auditing read with General Notice 544 of 2006, ended in accordance with South African Statements of Generally issued in Government Gazette no. 28723 of 10 April 2006 and Accepted Accounting Practice, and in the manner required by the General Notice 808 of 2006, issued in Government Gazette no. Public Finance Management Act, 1999 (Act No. 1 of 1999). 28954 of 23 June 2006. Those standards require that I plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance that the ﬁnancial 4. Appreciation statements are free of material misstatement. The assistance rendered by the staff of the NRF with regard to the THRIP audit is sincerely appreciated. N Manik for the Auditor-General Pretoria, 11 July 2006 THRIP Annual Report 2005 16 Board report for the year ended 31 March 2006 Introduction Amounts received from the dti The Board has pleasure in presenting its report on the activities Contributions received from the dti for the payment of grants of THRIP for the year ended 31 March 2006. amounted to R127 518 000 (2005: R130 000 000). Contributions received from the dti towards management fees amounted to Principal activities of THRIP R5 582 000 (2005: R5 000 000). The principal activity of THRIP is to award and manage grants for research projects on behalf of the dti. Events subsequent to year-end The Board is not aware of any matter or circumstances arising Financial results since the end of the ﬁnancial year not otherwise dealt with in the The ﬁnancial results of THRIP are set out in the ﬁnancial statements. ﬁnancial statements that would affect the operations of THRIP or the results of operations signiﬁcantly. Performance information The deﬁcit of R10 916 000 for the year (2005: surplus of Contact persons R8 529 000) reﬂects the fact that, in addition to utilising funds The NRF has appointed the manager of THRIP as the ofﬁcial received in the current year, THRIP was able to utilise funding contact person between the dti and the NRF. The registered carried forward from the previous year. This reﬂects the sustained address of THRIP is PO Box 2600, Pretoria 0001. increased effectiveness of the administration processes and improved efﬁciency in processing THRIP grants. The balance of The ﬁnancial statements set out on pages 18 to 25 were the dti account also decreased due to the signiﬁcant increase in approved by the NRF Board on 28 June 2006 and are signed on cash outﬂow for grant expenditure for the year. its behalf by: Professor BD Reddy Dr K Mokhele Chairperson: NRF Board President: NRF THRIP Annual Report 2005 17 Statement of ﬁnancial performance for the year ended 31 March 2006 2006 2005 Notes R’000 R’000 Contributions received from the dti: Grant funding 2 127 518 130 000 Management fee 5 582 5 000 Additional funding - 4 000 Repayment of grants 112 397 Interest received 1 996 2 449 Total income 135 208 141 846 Grant expenditure 3 (110 153) (126 114) Operating expenditure (5 222) (4 754) Overprovision prior year prepayments (4 059) - Interest received to be returned to the dti (1 996) (2 449) Unused contributions repaid to the dti 4 (24 694) - Funds held in trust returned - - Net (deﬁcit) surplus for the year 5 (10 916) 8 529 THRIP Annual Report 2005 18 Statement of ﬁnancial position as at 31 March 2006 2006 2005 Notes R’000 R’000 ASSETS Current assets Funds on call and deposit 15 512 49 035 Grants paid in advance 6 29 572 50 249 Grants recoverable 7 810 896 Sundry debtor – NRF 8 123 - Total assets 46 017 100 180 LIABILITIES Current liabilities Interest payable to the dti 1 080 6 462 Accrued grants 9 38 040 74 930 the dti account 10 5 566 16 482 Creditor – NRF 11 1 331 2 306 Total liabilities 46 017 100 180 THRIP Annual Report 2005 19 Statement of changes in the dti account for the year ended 31 March 2006 Total Notes R’000 Balance at 31 March 2004 7 953 Net surplus for the year 8 529 Balance at 31 March 2005 16 482 Net deﬁcit for the year 5 (10 916) Balance at 31 March 2006 10 5 566 THRIP Annual Report 2005 20 Cash ﬂow statement for the year ended 31 March 2006 2006 2005 Note R’000 R’000 OPERATING ACTIVITIES Cash receipts from the dti 133 100 139 000 Cash receipts from grant-holders - 397 Cash paid to the dti (24 694) - Cash paid to grant-holders (131 359) (117 344) Cash (used in) generated from operations A (22 953) 22 053 Interest received 1 996 2 449 Interest paid to the dti (7 334) - Management fee paid (5 232) (4 022) Net cash (used in) generated from operating activities (33 523) 20 480 Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (33 523) 20 480 Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year 49 035 28 555 Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year 15 512 49 035 THRIP Annual Report 2005 21 Note to the cash ﬂow statement for the year ended 31 March 2006 2006 2005 R’000 R’000 A. RECONCILIATION OF DEFICIT FOR THE YEAR TO CASH USED IN OPERATIONS (Deﬁcit) surplus for the year (10 916) 8 529 Adjusted for: Management fee paid 5 232 4 022 Interest received (1 996) (2 449) Interest paid to the dti 7 334 - Deﬁcit before working capital changes (346) 10 102 Working capital changes (22 607) (11 951) Decrease (increase) in grants paid in advance 20 763 (6 302) Increase in sundry debtor (123) - (Decrease) increase in interest payable (5 382) 2 449 (Decrease) increase in funds owing to NRF (975) 731 (Decrease) increase in accrued grants (36 890) 15 073 Cash (used in) generated from operations (22 953) 22 053 THRIP Annual Report 2005 22 Notes to the annual ﬁnancial statements for the year ended 31 March 2006 1. Accounting policies its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset is reduced Basis of preparation – The annual ﬁnancial statements are pre- to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognised as pared on the historical cost basis and incorporate the following an expense immediately, unless the relevant asset is carried at a principal accounting policies, which have been consistently applied revalued amount, in which case the impairment loss is treated as a in all material respects unless stated otherwise. The ﬁnancial revaluation decrease. statements have been prepared in accordance with South African Statements of Generally Accepted Accounting Practice and the Where an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying Public Finance Management Act in all material respects. amount of the asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount Government grants and contributions – Government grants does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been and contributions are recognised in the statement of ﬁnancial determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset performance in the period to which the grant or contribution in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognised relates. as income immediately, unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal of the impairment Impairment of assets – At each reporting date, THRIP reviews loss is treated as a revaluation increase. the carrying amounts of its assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. Financial instruments If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset Recognition – THRIP’s ﬁnancial assets and ﬁnancial liabilities are is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment recognised in the statement of ﬁnancial position when THRIP loss (if any). becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. All “regular way” purchases and sales of ﬁnancial assets Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell are initially recognised using trade date accounting. and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash ﬂows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax Measurement – THRIP’s ﬁnancial instruments are initially discount rate that reﬂects current market assessments of the time measured at cost, which includes transaction costs. Subsequent value of money and the risks speciﬁc to the asset for which the to initial recognition, these instruments are measured as set out estimates of future cash ﬂows have not been adjusted. overleaf. If the recoverable amount of an asset is estimated to be less than THRIP Annual Report 2005 23 Notes to the annual ﬁnancial statements Financial assets – THRIP’s principal ﬁnancial assets are bank • a reasonable estimate of the obligation can be made. balances and cash and trade receivables. Trade receivables are stated at their nominal value as reduced by appropriate A present obligation is considered to exist when THRIP has allowances for estimated irrecoverable amounts. Each receivable is no realistic alternative but to make the transfer of economic reviewed individually at year-end. beneﬁts. The amount recognised as a provision is the best estimate at the reporting date of the expenditure required to Financial liabilities and equity instruments – Financial liabilities settle the obligation. Only expenditure related to the purpose for and equity instruments are classiﬁed according to the substance which the provision is raised is charged against the provision. of the contractual arrangements entered into. Signiﬁcant ﬁnancial liabilities include trade and other payables. Comparative ﬁgures When necessary, comparative ﬁgures have been adjusted to Fair value considerations – The fair values at which ﬁnancial conform to changes in presentation in the current period. instruments are carried at the reporting date have been determined using available market values. Where market values 2. Grant funding are not available, fair values have been calculated by discounting A total of R127 518 000 grant-budget was allocated to THRIP for expected future cash ﬂows at prevailing interest rates. The fair the current ﬁnancial year. values have been estimated using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies, but are not necessarily 3. Grant expenditure indicative of the amounts that THRIP could realise in the normal Grant expenditure relates to grants paid as well as committed in course of business. the current ﬁnancial year from funding received from the dti in the current and previous ﬁnancial years. Grants and bursaries – Grants and bursaries are recognised in the statement of ﬁnancial performance in the period to which the 4. Contributions paid to the dti commitments relate. Contributions paid to the dti consist of grant funds received from the dti that were committed as grants but subsequently cancelled, Taxation – THRIP is exempt from paying normal taxation. as well as interest received. Provisions – Provisions are recognised when the following 5. Net deﬁcit for the year conditions have been met: The deﬁcit for the year is covered by accumulated funds in the dti • THRIP has a present legal or constructive obligation to account. transfer economic beneﬁts as a result of past events; and THRIP Annual Report 2005 24 Notes to the annual ﬁnancial statements 6. Grants paid in advance 11. Creditor – NRF This balance includes all grant payments made in the past three This balance includes THRIP’s operational and service fee years for which PoE was still outstanding as at 31 March 2006. expenditure that was incurred by the NRF, but not yet paid over to the NRF. 7. Grants recoverable This amount relates to grants paid more than three years ago for 12. Related party transactions which no PoE has been received as at 31 March 2006. The NRF manages THRIP on behalf of the dti. The operating expenditure for THRIP that was charged by the NRF as well as 8. Sundry debtor – NRF the balance of the money held in trust by the NRF on behalf of Sundry debtor includes grant repayments transferred into the the dti are as follows: NRF bank account instead of the THRIP bank account. 2006 2005 R’000 R’000 Operating expenditure for the year 5 222 4 754 9. Accrued grants Balance on trust creditor account 6 141 23 892 Accrued grants include all grants committed for which no PoE has been received as at 31 March 2006. 13. Events subsequent to year-end PoEs amounting to R20,2 million were received from grantholders 10. the dti account during May 2006 after the closure of the ﬁnancial system. These The balance on the dti account of R5 566 000 expenses have not been included in the ﬁnancial statements, as (2005: R16 482 000) is made up as follows: audit certiﬁcates from the institutions had not accompanied these 2006 2005 R’000 R’000 expenses. Grant funds received from the dti, not committed as at 31 March 5 094 3 685 Repayments of grant funds from grant-holders 112 397 Unspent operating expenditure 360 238 Prior year unspent funds - 12 162 Balance as at 31 March 5 566 16 482 THRIP Annual Report 2005 25 Grants awarded for 2005/6 THRIP projects – based on 2005 provisionally-approved and approved applications Institution/project leader Project title Industry partner Agricultural Research Council Dr L Frylinck Model: stress, ES, age, breed and beef quality Red Meat Development Trust of South Africa Dr CA de Klerk Biological root growth optimisation Deciduous Fruit Producers’ Trust Dr HJ du Plessis Evaluation of grapevine genes and promoters Winetech Dr DE Goszczynski Characterisation of two variants of GLRaV-3 Winetech Dr E Joubert Winemaking procedures for optimum antioxidants Winetech Dr EL Mansvelt Plum Pox Virus-resistant stone fruit Deciduous Fruit Producers’ Trust Dr WA Smit Disease-resistant table grape cultivars Deciduous Fruit Producers’ Trust Dr J Steenkamp Manipulation of the taste of Regal Seedless Deciduous Fruit Producers’ Trust Dr HE Theron Breeding value technology for beef cattle Bonsmara Cattle Breeders’ Society, Red Meat Development Trust of South Africa Breeding value technology for dairy cattle Milk Business Information System Incorporated, Taurus Stock Improvement Cooperative Ltd Cape Peninsula University of Technology Mr RG Neilson Signal integrity Peralex Electronics (Pty) Ltd Mr AB Nesbitt Gravity separation AMIRA International Ltd, De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd/ DEBTECH Division, Gekko Systems SA (Pty) Ltd, Namakwa Sands Ltd Prof PT Slatter Emulsion pumping African Explosives Ltd High concentration suspension pumping AMIRA International Ltd Prof EA Uken Domestic use of energy Eskom Holdings Ltd CSIR Ms SE Farnworth Beneﬁciation of terpentine oil Clive Teubes (Pty) Ltd Dr GJ Marais Maize resistance to mycotoxigenic fungi The Maize Trust Dr T Bush Physico-chemical traits of dissolving pulp SAPPI SAICCOR (Pty) Ltd Dr JP Maree Treatment of sulphur wastes Anglo Platinum Rustenburg, Key Structure Holdings, Petrex, SOMCHEM, Division of Denel (Pty) Ltd, South African Coal Estates, Thuthuka Project Managers (Pty) Ltd, Ticor (Pty) Ltd Sulphur wastes manufacturing Eskom Holdings Ltd, Key Structure Holdings, Key Structure Holdings Australia, Thuthuka Project Managers (Pty) Ltd, Ticor (Pty) Ltd Dr HM Venter Fertility control mechanisms of forestry trees NCT Forestry Co-op., Northern Timbers, TWK Agriculture Ltd Mr JS Beukes COALTECH 2020: Mine closure and rehabilitation Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Chamber of Mines, Eskom, Eyesizwe Coal (Pty) Ltd, Ingwe Coal Corp., Kumba Resources Ltd, Sasol, SA (Pty) Ltd, Total SA (Pty) Ltd, Xstrata COALTECH 2020: Optimal reserve utilisation Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Chamber of Mines, Eskom, Eyesizwe Coal (Pty) Ltd, Ingwe Coal Corp., Kumba Resources Ltd, Sasol, SA (Pty) Ltd, Total SA (Pty) Ltd, Xstrata COALTECH 2020: Sustainable extraction of pillars Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Chamber of Mines, Eskom, Eyesizwe Coal (Pty) Ltd, Ingwe Coal Corp., Kumba Resources Ltd, Sasol, SA (Pty) Ltd, Total SA (Pty) Ltd, Xstrata COALTECH 2020: Beneﬁciate and briquette ﬁne coal Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Chamber of Mines, Eskom, Eyesizwe Coal (Pty) Ltd, Ingwe Coal Corp., Kumba Resources Ltd, Sasol, SA (Pty) Ltd, Total SA (Pty) Ltd, Xstrata COALTECH 2020: Prevent environmental contamination Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Chamber of Mines, Eskom, Eyesizwe Coal (Pty) Ltd, Ingwe Coal Corp., Kumba Resources Ltd, Sasol, SA (Pty) Ltd, Total SA (Pty) Ltd, Xstrata COALTECH 2020: Irrigation with waste water Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Ingwe Coal Corp., Sasol, Total SA (Pty) Ltd, Xstrata Mr AF Botha Non-destructive detection of contaminants in wool BKB Durban Institute of Technology Mr GF d’Almaine Expansion and customisation of a Real-Time Power S Alectrix, Eskom Elsenburg Agricultural Research Centre Prof TS Brand Ostrich growth and optimising model Klein Karoo Co-op., Ostrich Business Chamber, Western Cape Animal Production Trust, Western Cape Ostrich Producers’ Organisation Prof SWP Cloete A breeding plan for ostriches Klein Karoo Co-op., Mosstrich Ltd, Ostrich Business Chamber, W.Cape Animal Production Trust Medical Research Council (South Africa) Dr WCA Gelderblom Biological properties – Rooibos and Honeybush tea Cancer Assoc. of South Africa, Rooibos Ltd MINTEK Dr BR Green Risk control in use of cyanide in gold processing AngloGold Ashanti Ltd Mr AD McKenzie PGM smelting Anglo Platinum, Impala Platinum (Pty) Ltd, Lonmin (Pty) Ltd THRIP Annual Report 2005 26 Institution/project leader Project title Industry partner MINTEK continued Dr E van der Lingen R&D of industrial applications for precious metals Anglo Platinum, AngloGold Ashanti Ltd, Goldﬁelds Ltd, Harmony Gold Mining Co Ltd, Impala Platinum Ltd Reﬁneries, Lonmin (Pty) Ltd North-West University Prof PJ de Jongh Risk/reward management and analysis ABSA Bank Prof RC Everson Coal technology for power generation Eskom Holdings Ltd Prof GP Greyvenstein 2604 Extension and validation of Flownex M-Tech Industrial (Pty) Ltd Prof LJ Grobler Development of a integrated PEO and DSM controller Aspentech Ltd, Eskom Multi-process modular twin screw extruder African Products, International Paint (Pty) Ltd The GHG reduction veriﬁcation system Aspentech Ltd, Eskom Prof JM Hattingh Modelling Applications in Telecom Systems (MATS) Grintek Telecom, a division of Grintek Group Ltd, Telkom SA Ltd Prof AJ Hoffman Intelligent agents applied to RFID data IP and Innovation Company Holdings (Pty) Ltd Intelligent decision support systems Crusader Systems (Pty) LTd, Eskom Mr AS Jonker Large wind turbine blade manufacturing Advanced Materials Technology (Pty) Ltd, Aero Energy cc Wind turbine generator manufacturing Aero Energy cc Dr HM Krieg Novel zeolite membranes for selective removal of H20 Sasol Technology Prof JJ Pienaar Atmospheric pollution Eskom Holdings Ltd, Sasol Technology Prof HCM Vosloo Theory and applications of oleﬁn metathesis Sasol Technology Port Elizabeth Museum (Bayworld) Mr MJ Roberts Satellite ocean and weather drifter buoy Consultative Advisory Forum, Startrack Communications Online squid information system Consultative Advisory Forum, South African Squid Management Industrial Assoc. Nelson Mandela Metrpolitan University Prof B Zeelie Agrochemical processing Dow AgroSciences Glycoside synthesis Aspen Pharmacare Ltd Phthalic dicarboxaldehyde acetals Durotec, E-Chem Production of phenol-derived chemical products Merisol RSA (Pty) Ltd University of Johannesburg Prof HJ Annegarn Highveld air emission monitoring and characterisation Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Eskom Prof NJ Beukes Ferrous and base metal commodities Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Assmang Prof GJ Kruger Carbide structures Sasol Technology Prof PL Swart Optical communications and sensors ATC, Marconi Communications South Africa (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Ltd Prof JE van Zyl Pressure management in water distribution systems Infraconsult Engineering, Rand Water, VGC Consulting Engineers (Pty) Ltd Prof V Wepener ERA in the paper and pulp industry SAPPI Management Services (Pty) Ltd Prof DBG Williams Catalytic transformations of chemical feedstocks Sasol Technology Ms S Eagleton Shoe ﬁt – a podometric study Michelle Footwear (Pty) Ltd, SA Footwear & Leather Industries Assn (SAFLIA) Mr RWM Krause Nanosponge polymers for water puriﬁcation Eskom, Rand Water Rhodes University Prof PJ Britz Development of low pollution abalone diet Aquafarm, Marifeed (Pty) Ltd Prof PG Clayton Softswitch multimedia architecture and services Business Connection (Comparex Africa), Comverse, Telkom SA Ltd, Verso Prof JR Duncan Metal recovery by biological systems Anglo Platinum Prof PT Kaye Development of novel metathesis catalysts Sasol Technology Dr AWV Poole Ionospheric model III Grintek Ewation, a division of the Grintek Group Ltd Technikon Mangosuthu Mr MJ Brooks Solar thermal technologies Eskom Tshwane University of Technology Prof BM BOTHA SF extraction from mango SA Mango Growers’ Assocation Prof OD Dintchev Centre for sustainable load management Boipelo Engineering, Eskom, Eskom Development Foundation, Eskom Holdings Ltd, Gundo-Dgz Services, SEF (Pty) Ltd, Selected Energy (Pty) Ltd, Solar Beam (Pty) Ltd, Willi’s Energy Savers Mr AG Hattingh Wireless towing hitch Failsafe systems RF drying Thermtron Projects (Pty) Ltd Overhead cable theft detection system Interference Testing and Consultancy Services (Pty) Ltd, Sediba Technology Network (Pty) Ltd Smart geyser R&D Energy Cybernetics cc Smart vehicle harness Periseo cc Automated tracking head Netshield (Pty) Ltd THRIP Annual Report 2005 27 Grants awarded for 2005/6 Institution/project leader Project title Industry partner Tshwane University of Technology continued Mr AG Hattingh W.U.R.M.S. Corporate Facilities Management (Pty) Ltd Smart guitar pickup Guitar Invention (Pty) Ltd IntelliCAM Periseo cc Engine management systems ADEPT (Pty) Ltd, Xstream Flow (Pty) Ltd Prof BJ van Wyk Low-cost ad hoc wireless networks for rural access Alcatel SA, Molapo Technology (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Ltd Prof OC Vorster Polyoleﬁns with enhanced properties Sasol Polymers University of Cape Town Prof MG Alexander Cement-based materials technology (Wits-UCT) Cement and Concrete Institute, Eskom, Pretoria Portland Cement, SIKA South Africa (Pty) Ltd Prof KF Bennett Fundamental combustion and future fuels research Sasol Oil (Pty) Ltd Prof EH Blake Applications of broadband and wireless technology Siemens Telecommunications (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Ltd Prof SG Burton Development of a novel biostatic incise ﬁlm Priontex Dr VE Coyne Probiotics for hatchery-reared abalone Global Ocean Marine Technology Prof MD Cramer Indigenous ﬂoriculture Molteno Brothers Trust, SA Protea Producers and Exporters’ Assoc, WWF (T/A Protea Heights) Prof G de Jager Computer vision systems De Beers Consolidated Mines Prof RF del Mistro DSS for upgrading informal settlements Iliso Consulting (Pty) Ltd Prof GA Ekama External nitriﬁcation in BNR WWT systems Water and Sanitation Services SA Prof JCQ Fletcher Catalysis and catalytic processing Intervet South Africa (Pty) Ltd, Johnson Matthey (Pty) Ltd, Merisol RSA (Pty) Ltd, PetroSA, Sasol Technology, Süd-Chemie Zeolites (Pty) Ltd Prof KA Folly Power system stability and control Eskom Prof CT Gaunt Electricity distribution network improvement Eskom, Eskom Holdings Ltd Prof STL Harrison Mineral bioleaching AMIRA International Ltd, BHP Billiton Prof MR Inggs Imaging radar technology project De Beers Consolidated Mines, Denel (Pty) Ltd, Fisheries Resource Surveys, IQS Solutions (Pty) Ltd, Peralex Electronics (Pty) Ltd, Sunspace and Information Systems (Pty) Ltd Dr MF Jeebay Occupational asthma interventions in bakeries Pick ‘n Pay Prof RD Knutsen High temperature stainless steels Columbus Stainless (Pty) Ltd Thermomechanical processing of metal alloys Columbus Stainless (Pty) Ltd Tribology of wear-resistant materials Eskom Holdings Ltd Prof PS Kritzinger Modelling, building and securing SOA Siemens Telecommunications (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Ltd Dr AE Lewis Precipitation in mineral processing AMIRA International Ltd, Eskom, Illovo Sugar Ltd, Impala Platinum Ltd Reﬁneries, Manganese Metal Company, One Eighty Degrees Engineering Solutions (Pty) Ltd, Paarl Gravure, SOMCHEM, a division of Denel (Pty) Ltd, Zincor (Pty) Ltd Mr M Malengret Wind generator and related technology EOLTEC, Eskom Enterprises (Pty) Ltd – TSI, Eskom Holdings Ltd VCF compensators Eskom Holdings Ltd, Spoornet, W Gardner & Son (Pty) Ltd Dr DIJE Mashao Speech technology Siemens Telecommunications (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Ltd Prof JR Moss Transition metal compounds with applications Anglo Platinum, Sasol Polymers, Sasol Technology Prof TD Noakes Biofeedback to optimise performance and health Sygade Solutions (Pty) Ltd Developing ergogenic aids for sport Bromor Food (Pty) Ltd Health through physical activity Discovery Vitality The Body iQ Zone Winning Wellness (Pty) Ltd Prof GN Nurick Landmine protection and crew survivability Armscor Prof CT O’Connor Flotation and comminution Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Anglo Platinum, AngloGold Ashanti Ltd, Bateman Engineered Technologies, Grinaker LTA Process Engineering Ltd, Impala Platinum Ltd Reﬁneries, Krupp Polysius Corp., Lonmin (Pty) Ltd, Magotteaux (Pty) Ltd, Senmin, a division of Sentrachem Ltd Flotation chemistry Anglo Platinum, Cytec Industries Inc, Falconbridge Ltd, Impala Platinum Ltd Reﬁneries, Lonmin (Pty) Ltd, Rio Tinto, Senmin, a division of Sentrachem Ltd, Trade Imports & Exports (Pty) Ltd (Marex SA) Prof JG Petrie Sustainability analysis of business networks AGAMA Energy (Pty) Ltd, Beco Institute for Sustainable Business, Eskom, Eskom Holdings Ltd, Omnia Fertilizers Prof P Pillay Drives for industrial amp; renewable applications Eskom Prof RS Ramesar Management of cancers using molecular genetics Cancer Assoc. of South Africa, De Beers Consolidated Mines, National Starch and Chemical Company Dr UK Rivett Integrated antiretroviral management system Toga Laboratories (Pty) Ltd Prof JC Tapson Industrialisation of PCLT sensor Engineering Acoustics Incorporated THRIP Annual Report 2005 28 Grants awarded for 2005/6 Institution/project leader Project title Industry partner University of Cape Town continued Prof JC Tapson Instrumentation for mineral processing De Beers Consolidated Mines Prof EWJ van Steen Nano-engineered Fischer-Tropsch catalysts Sasol Technology Prof CL VAUGHAN Low dose X-rays for medical imaging Lodox Systems (Pty) Ltd Mr MJ Ventura Broadband wireless communications and networking Intel Corp., Siemens Telecommunications (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Ltd Prof PP Zilla A biocompatible bioprosthetic heart valve Medtronic Tissue regeneration scaffolds for vascular grafts Medtronic University of Fort Hare Prof NH Muyingi Support systems for developmental e-commerce Grintek Telecom, a division of Grintek Group Ltd, Telkom SA Ltd, Tellabs SA (Pty) Ltd University of KwaZulu-Natal Prof CA Buckley Phytoremediation BHP Billiton Mr G Diana Smart embedded systems Envirovision Dr HB Friedrich Second generation oxidation catalysts Sasol Technology Prof RG Harley Control/monitoring of machines, power electronics Eskom, Tandem Lawn Industries Prof P Turner Eucalyptus wood traits important to pulp mills Mondi Forests, SAPPI Management Services (Pty) Ltd SA wood ﬁbre processing Mondi Ltd, Nampak Tissue (Pty) Ltd, SAPPI Management Services (Pty) Ltd Dr D Conlong Genetic variation in sugarcane pests CIRAD, SA Sugar Assoc. Prof RM Gous Broiler breeder productivity Alltech Biotechnology (Pty) Ltd, Aviagen, Cobb Vantress, Ross Poultry Breeders (Pty) Ltd Prof D Jaganyi Double bond isomerisation Sasol Technology Prof MD Laing Novel bioreactors for bioremediation of wastewater Steffen Robertson & Kirsten SA (Pty) Ltd Nutgrass biocontrol Plant Health Products (Pty) Ltd Prof RE Schulze Sugarcane atlas of agrohydrology amp; climatology SA Sugar Assoc. Prof J Zwolinsky Nursery container Mondi Forests, NCT Forestry Co-op., SAPPI Forests Dr FE Ahmed Remote sensing in forestry Mondi Forests, NCT Forestry Co-op., SAPPI Research Dr DA Hoch Reliability of high voltage equipment Eskom Prof N Ijumba Centre for HVDC studies Eskom Mr ALL Jarvis Tomographical study of clariﬁer Sugar Milling Research Assoc. Dr MAE Kaunda Non-linear vibration research and testing centre Eskom Prof D Ramjugernath Phase equilibria measurement Necsa, Sasol Technology Dr BS Rigby Real-time simulation for power system stability Eskom Mr R Sewsunker Rural telecommunications solutions Alcatel SA, Telkom SA Prof F Takawira IP-based wireless networks Alcatel SA, Telkom SA Dr AH Wilson Platinum mineralisation in the bushveld complex Anglo Platinum Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University Prof JGH du Preez Platinum anticancer agents Platco Technologies Selective removal of gold Impala Platinum Ltd Reﬁneries Prof AWR Leitch Optical ﬁbre characterisation Aberdare Fibre Optic Cables, Corning Optical Fibre, Ingoma Communications Services, Telkom SA Ltd Solar energy for the telecoms industry Telkom SA Ltd, TFMC (Pty) Ltd Dr M van de Venter Optimisation of a herbal product for diabetics Value Added Life Health Products (Pty) Ltd Prof JL Wesson Visualisation of Telkom network performance Dimension Data (Pty) Ltd, Sun Microsystems, Telkom SA Ltd University of Pretoria Prof JG Annandale Sustainable sewage sludge and wastewater use East Rand Water Care Company (Erwat), Sasol Synfuels (Secunda) Dr Z Apostolides Instant green tea Mitsui Norin Co Ltd Prof JM Bishop Serba: service-based global software systems E-Logics (Pty) Ltd, Microsoft SA Prof AM Botha-Oberholster Fast screening in breeding Winter Cereal Trust Improved wood products Komatiland Forests (Pty) Ltd Prof LP Christopher Biobleaching and bioremediation SAPPI Management Services (Pty) Ltd Prof I Cukrowski Development of Sasol electroanalytical tools Sasol Technology New technologies for CrO3 production Chrome International South Africa (Pty) Ltd Mr DJ de Kock Design platform to optimise heat sink design Anchor Devices (Pty) Ltd Prof PL de Vaal Non-linear control of chemical processes Alpret Control Specialists, Anglo Platinum, Sasol Technology Mr BJGW du Plessis Nanostructured materials – Nastrum African Explosives Ltd, Bayer (Pty) Ltd, Evergreen Environmental Ltd, Kumba Resources Ltd, Xyris Technology cc THRIP Annual Report 2005 29 Grants awarded for 2005/6 Institution/project leader Project title Industry partner University of Pretoria continued Prof JN Eloff Phytomedicine in human and animal health Bioextracts (Pty) Ltd, Biomox Pharmaceuticals, Healthtech Laboratories (Pty) Ltd, Organic Aloe Africa Prof LJ Erasmus Supplementary feeding for ruminants KK Animal Nutrition (Pty) Ltd, Phibro Animal Health, Voermeester Prof WW Focke Nuclear graphite Iscor Coke & Chemicals, Kumba Resources Ltd, PBMR (Pty) Ltd Prof AA Groenwold Mini UAV technologies Denel Aerospace Systems, Diomedes Innovations (Pty) Ltd, Ractech (Pty) Ltd Prof AJ Guthrie Equine piroplasmosis molecular epidemiology The Thoroughbred Racing Trust, Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc. of SA Horse genotyping validation The Jockey Club of South Africa Prof GP Hancke Emerging technologies for industrial communication Ciphertec, ElectroSoft cc, Namitech, TCE (TeleControlExperts) GmbH Prof PS Heyns Fault identiﬁcation and monitoring methods Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Eskom Prof IG Horak Acaricide resistance in the former Transkei region Bayer (Pty) Ltd Mr J Joubert Primary transport optimisation process and system E-Logics (Pty) Ltd, Volition Prof EP Kearsley Fibre-reinforced concrete products Grinaker-LTA Mining Products Testing and modelling of ﬁbre-reinforced concrete Concrete Society of Southern Africa, Infraset Infrastructure Products Prof JF Kirsten Food and agricultural policy analysis ABSA Bank, South African Wine and Brandy Company, The Maize Trust Prof L Korsten Alternatives for mushroom casings South African Mushroom Farmers’ Assoc. Citrus fruit quality Citrus Research International Litchi fruit quality SA Litchi Growers’ Assoc. Dr K Krüger Control of grapevine leafroll disease Winetech Silicon effects on phytophthora in avocados SA Avocado Growers’ Assoc. Prof T Majozi Efﬂuent reduction African Explosives Ltd Prof CE Medlen Innovative chemotherapeutic agents Cancer Assoc. of South Africa Prof JP Meyer Enhanced heat transfer in transition ﬂow ASHRAE, Denel Aerospace Systems, Eskom Dr AA Myburg Biotechnology for superior wood and ﬁbre products Mondi Ltd, SAPPI Forests Prof LH Nel BSV incidence and transmission in South Africa Banana Growers’ Assoc. of SA, Invitro (Pty) Ltd (T/A Du Roi Laboratory) Establish a citrus virus diagnostic capability Citrus Growers’ Assoc. of Southern Africa Dr W Nicol Computer model for optimising trickle bed reactors Sasol Technology Prof W T Penzhorn Multi-service NGNs Intelleca Voice & Mobile (Pty) Ltd, IST Data, Telkom SA Ltd, Unisys Africa Prof PC Pistorius Piquant – pyrometallurgical quantiﬁcation Columbus Stainless (Pty) Ltd, Ex Mente Technologies (Pty) Ltd, Iscor Ltd, Kumba Resources Ltd, Sasol Technology Prof L Prozesky Immunisation of Roan Antelope against theileriosis Bidrest Farms (Pty) Ltd, Sterklewies (Pty) Ltd, VetPath Molasses and endocrine disruption in cattle SA Sugar Assoc. Dr E Rust Towards sustainable tailings disposal Strategic Environmental Focus Prof CH Scholtz Dung beetles in agro-ecosystems Natlam (Pty) Ltd Dr P Soundy Essential oil of rose geranium Biosys Plant Extracts (Pty) Ltd, Clive Teubes (Pty) Ltd Prof JJ Strasheim New vehicle retail inventory diagnostics system E-Logics (Pty) Ltd, Volition Prof WE Stumpf Process optimisation in the metals industry Columbus Stainless (Pty) Ltd, Eskom Holdings Ltd, Hulett Aluminium (Pty) Ltd, Iscor Ltd Prof RJ Thompson Blasthole stemming performance testing African Explosives Ltd Mr AJ van Wyk Drug screening liver cell culture Schalk van der Merwe cc Mr MKG Vermaak Process models and tools in minerals beneﬁciation De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd/ DEBTECH Division, Kumba Resources Ltd, Pesco, Samancor Dr A Viljoen Improvement of bananas for disease resistance Banana Growers’ Assoc. of SA, Invitro (Pty) Ltd t/a Du Roi Laboratory Prof JA Visser Diagnostics in turbo machinery Anchor Devices (Pty) Ltd Sub-base erosion of concrete roads Cement and Concrete Institute Prof MJ Wingﬁeld Sustainable ﬁbre production/enhanced wood quality Central Timber Co-op.. Ltd (CTC), Forestry South Africa, Global Forestry Products, Hans Merensky, Komatiland Forests (Pty) Ltd, Mondi Forests, NCT Forestry Co-op., SAPPI Research, TWK Dr F Wolfaardt Enzymatic ﬁbre improvement SAPPI Management Services (Pty) Ltd Prof X Xia Close-loop control of trains Knorr-Bremse SA (Pty) Ltd, Spoornet University of Stellenbosch Prof Gaagenbag Technological package for Canola production Oil and Protein Seeds Development Trust, Protein Research Foundation Dr DM Barry Conservation of Cape Buffaloes through ART Bergsig Game Farm Prof AH Basson Rating application Lomotek Polymers (Pty) Ltd Prof DU Bellstedt Enzyme-linked immunoassay kits for potato viruses Potatoes South Africa Prof FC Botha Promoters and alternative selection systems Winetech THRIP Annual Report 2005 30 Grants awarded for 2005/6 Institution/project leader Project title Industry partner University of Stellenbosch continued Prof JT Burger Genetic improvement of grapevine Winetech Ms VA Carey Terroir characterisation: Stellenbosch Winetech Prof AM Crouch Electro- and pressure-driven separations Eskom Prof DM Dimitrov PLM implementation research Automated Reasoning, Ops Logik Systems (Pty) Ltd, Zealous Pressure Castings (Pty) Ltd Afri-Tooling 21 AZtech – CNC Programming Solutions, Cinqplast Plastop (Pty) Ltd, Finite Element Analysis Services (Pty) Ltd, Medical Innovations, Product One Solutions, Sasol Polymers, Xactics (Pty) Ltd, Zealous Pressure Castings (Pty) Ltd BioCAD-modelling Automated Reasoning, Ti-tamed (Pty) Ltd Reverse engineering process improvement Product One Solutions, RGC Engineering Prof PE Dunaiski AMDESS BKS (Pty) Ltd, Hatch Africa, Iscor Ltd, Southern African Institute of Steel Construction Dr JJ Eksteen Metallurgical accounting and reconciliation systems Anglo American Corp. of South Africa, Anglo Platinum, BHP Billiton, Namakwa Sands Ltd, Zincor (Pty) Ltd Mr DNJ Els Dragline bucket analysis Van Reenen Steel (Pty) Ltd Dr PH Fourie Trunk diseases of grapevines Deciduous Fruit Producers Trust, Winetech Prof H Geertsema Studies of tortricid moths on export fruit Citrus Growers’ Assoc. of Southern Africa, Deciduous Fruit Producers Trust Dr JF Görgens Improvement of coffee production National Brands Ltd Dr R Hillermann Rebello Genetic analysis of pre-eclampsia Institute for Biopharmaceutical Research INC Prof LC Hoffman Optimal utilisation of the SA tuna resource Export Inc, New Farmers Development Company Ltd, Worldﬁsh (SA) (Pty) Ltd Dr T Jones SASciSat Advanced Technologies and Engineering Co (Pty) Ltd, Denel (Pty) Ltd, Sunspace and Information Systems (Pty) Ltd Prof JH Knoetze Product and process development for coatings Plascon Paints (Pty) Ltd Prof KR Koch Precious (platinum) metal speciation, analysis and separation Anglo Platinum, Sasol Technology Ms JM Kossmann Enhanced sucrose production SA Sugar Assoc. Prof AE Krzesinski Embedded system development SAN People (Pty) Ltd Managing the quality of service in IP networks Siemens Telecommunications (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Prof JG Lourens Mobile telecommunication platforms Hughes Network Systems, Inc, Telkom SA Prof GF Marais Recurrent mass selection Winter Cereal Trust Dr A McLeod The role of oomycetes in decline of grapevines Deciduous Fruit Producers’ Trust, Winetech Prof P Meyer HF components and systems EMSS Antennas (Pty) Ltd, Etse Electronics cc, Reutech Radar Systems (Pty) Ltd Prof H duT Mouton Power electronic converters Eskom Holdings Ltd Prof KD Palmer Components and tools for communication systems Electromagnetic Software and Systems SA (Pty) Ltd, Omni Pless Prof HG Raubenheimer Value enhancement of alpha oleﬁns Sasol Technology Prof HC Reader 3032 EMC and EM metrology for industry Eskom Holdings Ltd Mr HCR Reuter Optimising of natural draft wet cooling towers GEA Nilenca (Pty) Ltd Prof RD Sanderson Advanced materials Accent Manufacturing (Pty) Ltd, BASF AG, Dutch Polymer Institute, Eskom Holdings Ltd, Kuehl Technology cc, Mondi Ltd, Plascon Paints (Pty) Ltd, Roediger Agencies cc, Sasol Polymers Mr G Sigge UASB and ozone treatment of distillery wastewater Distell Prof P Swart Breeding a more hardy Angora Goat Mohair SA Prof KI Theron Competitive horticulture Citrus Growers Assoc. of Southern Africa, Deciduous Fruit Producers Trust, Safmarine, Valent BioScience Prof JL van Niekerk Sound quality expertise Bosal Afrika (Pty) Ltd (Industrial Division), Ford Motor Company of Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd, JH Consulting Dr DP van Velden Production of healthy wine Winetech Prof GPAG van Zijl APERC structures Africon Engineering International (Pty) Ltd, BKS (Pty) Ltd, Cement and Concrete Institute, Element Consulting Engineers, Grinaker-LTA Civil Engineering, Holcim, Infraset Infrastructure Products, Volkswagen Stiftung Prof MA Vivier New biotechnologies for grape and wine production Agrifutur, Anchor Yeast (see Rymco), Deciduous Fruit Producers’ Trust, Lallemand Inc (Danstar Ferment AG Trading), Thales Wine Cellar Services (Pty) Ltd, Winetech Mr KH von Leipzig Integrated knowledge networks for competitiveness Collaborative Transformation Solutions (CTS), Indutech Development (Pty) Ltd University of the Free State Prof MT Labuschagne Kenaf development Sustainable Fibre Solutions Ms M Lategan Platinum-bearing potential of the MG1 chromitite Xstrata Mr MB van den Heever A sedimentological study of the B-reef at Masimong ARMgold/Harmony Freegold Joint Venture Company (Pty) Ltd THRIP Annual Report 2005 31 Grants awarded for 2005/6 Institution/project leader Project title Industry partner University of the Free State continued Prof JH van der Westhuizen Synthesis of internal standards for spectroscopy Farmovs-Parexel International (Pty) Ltd University of the North Prof HJ Oosthuizen Automatic speech recognition HP SA, MarPless Communication Technologies (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA University of the Western Cape Mr J Connan South African sign language translation Cisco Systems South Africa (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Dr J Klaasen Plant-Enabling Potentiation Technologies (PEPTECH) Deciduous Fruit Producers’ Trust Prof VM Linkov Fuel cell and hydrogen devices Eskom Holdings Ltd, South African Power Engineering and Consultancy Prof DJG Rees Fruit tree genetics Deciduous Fruit Producers’ Trust Mr WD Tucker Multi-modal sSemi-synchronous communications Cisco Systems South Africa (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA University of the Witwatersrand Dr SH Connel A novel photon-induced diamond detection system Bateman Minerals (Pty) Ltd Prof NJ Coville Catalysts for industrial processes Johnson Matthey (Pty) Ltd, Sasol Technology Prof WA Cronje Condition monitoring for power generation Eskom Holdings Ltd Prof EM Cukrowska Chromium speciation in varied matrices Anglo Platinum, Chrome International South Africa (Pty) Ltd, Eskom, Holcim, Sasol Technology, Xstrata Prof B Dwolatzky Mobile computing to support ﬁeld personnel Eskom Prof RH Eric Modelling CLU reactors Columbus Stainless (Pty) Ltd Dr V Gray Biogas production from waste water Eskom Holdings Ltd Prof HE Hanrahan ICT convergence issues Siemens Telecommunications (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Prof D Hildebrandt Development of a CTL plant Golden Nest International Group Prof IR Jandrell Development of an image-based diagnostic system DiagnovIS (Pty) Ltd, Plascon Paints (Pty) Ltd Mr S Kauchali Development of a parafﬁn distribution network Pasasa Prof Jakinnaird Understanding the formation of the Platreef Anglo Platinum, Platreef Resources (Pty) Ltd Prof BM Lacquet Photonics in power engineering Eskom Holdings Ltd, TLC Software cc Prof S Luyckx Hard materials manufacture and assessment Element 6 (Pty) Ltd Prof T Marwala Application of image processing to engineering Denel (Pty) Ltd Prof MH Moys Modelling chutes for design and control Eskom Prof R Paskaramoorthy New composite materials and techniques Amitech South Africa, Denel Aerospace Systems, Eskom, Nivitex, Sasol Polymers Dr S Piketh Air quality monitoring technology evaluation Ero Electronic SA (Pty) Ltd Biofuel burning and cloud processes Eskom Elandsfontein atmospheric sulphur study Eskom Matimba environmental research Eskom UAE rainfall enhancement assessment Orsmond Aviation Prof MEC Rey Biotechnology for the improvement of cassava CS Manufacturing Co (Pty) Ltd Prof MC Scholes Indicators of forest sustainability Sappi Research Dr M Sephton Corrosion evaluation of exhaust materials Columbus Stainless (Pty) Ltd Prof T J Sheer Energy efﬁciency improvement in thermal systems Eskom Ms S Webb Bushveld palaeomagnetism Anglo Platinum Prof ETF Witkowski SCAW landﬁll Scaw Metals The gold mine phytoremediation project AngloGold Ashanti Ltd Prof MJ Byrne IPM of stem borers in South Africa SA Sugar Assoc., Superlawn cc Prof RH Eric Development and research into ferroalloys Ferro Alloy Producers’ Assoc. Prof IR Jandrell Lightning/EMC protection Eskom Prof MH Moys Modelling grinding mills for design and control AngloGold Ashanti Ltd, Eskom Dr L Otter Determination of air quality impact African Products University of Venda for Science and Technology Dr LC Chimuka Phytoremediation in the PGM industry Anglo Platinum University of Zululand Prof MO Adigun Wireless Internet software and services research Huawei Technologies SA (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA Vaal University of Technology Dr E B Naidoo Flow analysis in the platinum industry Anglo Platinum Dr HC vanZ Pienaar Development of affordable telephone facilities Malesela Taihan Electric Cables (Pty) Ltd, Telkom SA , TFMC (Pty) Ltd THRIP Annual Report 2005 32 List of acronyms ARC Agricultural Research Council PoP Proof of Payment BEE Black Economic Empowerment SETI Science, Engineering and Technology Institution CoG Conditions of Grant SMME Small, Medium and Micro Enterprise CSIR Council for Scientiﬁc and Industrial Research the dti Department of Trade and Industry HBU Historically Black University THRIP Technology and Human Resources for Industry HEI Higher Education Institution Programme HWU Historically White University TIPTOP Technology and Innovation Promotion through NRF National Research Foundation Transfer of People PoE Proof of Expenditure THRIP Management: NRF PO Box 2600, Pretoria 0001 Tel: +27 (0)12 481-4078 Fax: +27 (0)12 481-4197 E-mail: email@example.com www.nrf.ac.za/thrip ISBN: 1-86868-060-6 For more information on the long-term impacts of THRIP-funded research in South Africa, please see the THRIP Impact Report 2005.
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